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Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 







Volume VIII- 1923 

New Jersey Historical Society 

16 West Park Street 

Newark, N.J. 



Publication Committee: * 








Belcher, Governor, Mansion in Elizabeth, N. J. (2) - - - 169 
Crane Homestead, Montclair. N. J. - - - - - 1 



Frontispiece— The Old Crane Homestead. 

West New Jersey in the Year 1698 1 

New Jersey Paper Currency, 1709-1786. By William IV. Bradbccr \> 
A Walking and Riding Journey West in i8ii-'i2 19 
Revolutionary Letters Concerning the Hibernia Iron Fur- 
nace ----22 

The Condict Revolutionary Record Abstracts (1836) - - 30 
Glimpses op "Camp Liberty" in 1814 ------ 35 

Necrology of Members ---------38 

Historical Notes and Comments. By the Editor - - - 45 
Queries and Miscellany -------- 54 

Annual Meeting of the New Jersey Historical Society - - 60 
Officers of New Jersey Historical Society, i922-'23 - - - 80 



Genealogical-Index to Society's Books, etc. - - - - 81 
The Aboriginal Inhabitants of Union County. By Prof. 

Charles A. Philhower 124 

Witches in New Jersey and Elsewhere. By Samuel Copp 

Worthcn - 139 

Revolutionary Letters Concerning the Hibernia Iron Furnace. 

(Concluded) ---------- 144 

A Young Man's Journal of 1800-1813. (Continued) - - - 150 

Necrology of Members 154 

Historical Notes and Comments. By the Editor - - - 167 

Queries and Miscellany 167 


Frontispiece: The Old Governor Belcher Mansion in Elizabeth; 

Fireplace, Manual, etc., of the Library. 
Old Houses of Elizabethtown — The Governor Bllchk.r Man- 
sion. By Warren L. D'xx - - - - - - ' - -169 

Some New Jersey Side-Lights on Revolutionary Days. By 

Rev. Charles B. Bullard - - 185 

James Parker, the Printer, of Woodbridce. By William H. 

Benedict ----- 194 

The Minisink Indian Trail. By Prof. Charles A. Philhower - 199 

The Passing of An Old Homestead. By Walter J. Kidd - - 205 
A Forgoiten Elizabethtown Newspaper, the "Essex Fatriot." 

By Elmer T. Hutchinson - 210 

A Young Man's Journal of 1800-1813. (Continued) - - - 219 

Annual Meeting of the Woman's Branch - 226 

Necrology of Members - 228 

Historical Notes and Comments. By the Editor - 235 

Queries and Miscellany -------- 246 

Hillyer — Drake — Van Deren — Terhune — Edgar --Stewart. 


Staten Island — Its Consolidation with New York. By James 

C. Connelly - - - 240 

The Sister States. By Edwin Robert Walker - 261 
Revolutionary Days in Old Somerset. By Cornelius C. Ver- 

meule - ----- 265 

Records Concerning the Morris County Court House - - 281 

Pioneer Days in Boonton, N. J. By Miss Cora C. Hammond - 287 

A Voyage to California in 1849 299 

Dr. John J. Linderman and Linderman Family Notes. By 

Henry R. Linderman - - - 301 

The Condict Revolutionary Record Abstracts (1837). (Con- 
tinued) 306 

A Young Man's Journal of 1800-1813. (Concluded) - - 313 
Necrology of Members - - -,-----321 

Historical Notes and Comments , 3 2 3 

Queries and Miscellany 3-7 

Index to Names and Places (1923 volume) ... - 329 


Occupied as Washington's Headquarters, October 26 and -7. 1780. 

i Sn- Proceedings, April, i<)22, Page i-t 7 ,.). 



' 1 ¥ 

; . • ^ . j ... ... 

• ... . 




A Quarter. .3 

Chiefly Derated to 
New Jersey History, Biography and Genealogy 

i • 




\ I 

r— hum ■minimi ii i 

Knterod as second class matter August 13. l y 17. at the post o:;iec at Somerville. 
Nc.v Joraoy, under the Act of August H4. l.-l?.. 

Proceedings of the Ne rsey 1 ical 


jfoun&efc in ti, - 

Publication Co* U 'e: 




JANUARY, 1923- ' ENTS 


- I 

ffoifi if. /;> 

■;• 12 


- 19 

Hibernia Iron Fui 

• - 


- 22 

IACTS (1836) 

- 30 


- 35 


- 33 



I Page 

Frontispiece — The Old Crane Komest 

; Wist New Jersey in t the Year *6o8 

New Jersey Paper Currency, i;C,r.-\- 

A W At KING AND R;OTN j I tEY We '.' ! 


NACE ------- 

The Cqxdict Revolutionary Record ( 

Glimpses ok "Camp Liberty 

Necrology of Members 

William Bowen Bonltori— -Mrs! Ruth F. Fairchiid- Peter 
Hauck, Jr — Dr. Charles W. F. Holbrook — Frartcis Whi 
Jackson — Dr. Gerrii Join Koll merson McMilleu — Wil- 

tfiam Pennington — Edward T. j L Talmage — Bishop Cortlandt 
Historical Motes and Comments 45 

A Fine Western Tribute to Dr. Scott— The Death of Henry S. 
Haines— The "County Con til . uccster ( •'-■'■':■ -A Acre Park ro New Jer .; '' I Unpublish 
ingtoa Letter — The Tablet to Thomas Gordon — Detr 
Great Historic Library— First 13 Court Minute; 

173th Church Anniversary — "The Old House on the 11:11" — 
The Frontispiece of the Crane Ho n 

Queries and Miscellany - 54 

Colton — Goltry — Waddcll — Actin ^Governor Habersham- 
Hanover First Church— First NewJ< rsey "Steam Carriage" — 

Edgar Family — Logan Family— I cttei During the Civil War 
— "A Young Alan's Journal"—! hatcher-Opdycke. 

Annual Meeting of the New Jersey Hi: roiucAL Society - - 60 
Minutes of Annual Meeting— Repoi t of Board of Trustees — 
Report of Correspond in.i» Secretary - R port of Library Com- 
mittee — Report of Librarian— Report • 1 Woman's Branch- 
Report of Treasurer— Report of Membership Committee. 

Officers or New Jersey Historical Society*, iQ22~ r 2$ - - - So 

The Proceedings is issued Quart about the fust oi January, 

April, July and October, Terms Ini Membership Dues; to 

Others, $2.50 a year in advance; single nu tits. Addr< 


16 Wesl Park St., Ncwarl X. J. 


of the 

New Jersey Historical Society 

, mT TTT1T NewSkries xt . 

VOL. VIII. JANUARY, 1923 No. 1 


There was published in London in the year 1698 "An His- 
torical and Geographical Account of the Province and County 
of Pensilvania and of West New Jersey in America," by "Ga- 
briel Thomas, Who Resided There About Fifteen Years." It 
was sold by "A. Baldwin, at the Oxe 1 Arms in Warwick 
Lane." The portion relating to West New Jersey should be 
interesting to New Jersey people now, but both the original cop- 
ies of the whole work and an exact lithograph of it made by 
"Henry Austin Brady, Esquire," a lawyer and member of the 
New York Historical Society, in 1848, are scarce, so much so 
that, probably, few of our readers possess or have seen the 
same. The account of West New Jersey is herewith given, 
without using the italics, capitals, etc., of the original, which 
would only make the reading difficult. The spelling, however, 
is retained. The Dedication and Preface, and then the text 
are given entire, except as to the various examples of the In- 
dian language, a portion of which is omitted. The matter fol- 

The Dedication 

To the Right Honourable Sir John Moor, Sir Thomas Lane, 
Knights and Aldermen of the City of London, and to the rest 
of the worthy members of the West Jersey Proprietors : 

Worthy friends, to whom can the History of West Jersey 
with more justice pertain than to you the noble and generous 
Proprietors. That was the chief motive that inclined me to this 
dedication, which I hope will be the more acceptable to you, be- 
cause the account of that country is so sincere and candid. I 

2 Proceedings Nezv Jersey Historical Society 

have endeavour'd (by setting forth) the great encouragements 
there are to persuade the poor, the idle, the lazy and the v 
bonds of these kingdoms and of Wales to hasten thither, 
they may live plentifully and happily, and I doubt not but they 
will hearken to it, because it is their true interest. I have done 
my best endeavours to possess them and others of the great 
fertility and plenty in those parts, which I need not repeat to 
you, who must needs be well acquainted with the state of that 
place. That it may flourish and mightily tend to your advan- 
tage, as also to the benefit of England [is] the hearty desire of 
your friend, Gabriel Thomas. 

The Preface to the Reader 

Courteous reader, my chief design in writing this short ac- 
count of West New Jersey, is to inform all (but especially the 
poor) what ample and happy livelihoods people may gain in 
those parts, whereby they may subsist very well without either 
begging or stealing, for if they steal they are whipt, and 
oblig'd to pay four fold; and if they are not of ability to do 
that, they must abide in servitude till they have made satisfac- 
tion to the injur'd person ; and if they should be lazy and turn 
to beg, they will get nothing by that base and scandalous im- 
ployment; but if they be so poor that they have not of their 
own to supply their wants and necessities, nor are able to 
work, they will have no need to beg, for people out of their 
own free compassion and pure charity will relieve them in their 
necessities. Now if this were all (though it is not) it wou'd be 
a sufficient encouragement to the idle, the sloathful, and the 
vagabonds of England, Scotland and Ireland to hasten thither, 
where, besides this, they have a fair prospect of getting con- 
siderable estates, at least of living very plentifully and happily, 
which medium of life is far better than lingering out their days 
so miserably poor and half starved; or whipping, burning 
and hanging for villanies, they will have little temptation, 
nay or inclination to perpetrate here. The French refugees, or 
Protestant people, wou'd soon find it their interest to remove 
thither, where they wou'd live far better than in Germany, 
Holland, Ireland or England. Written by one who earnestly 

West New Jersey in the Year 1698 3 

wisheth thy welfare and prosperity in the ways of the Lord, 
and then thou canst not do amiss in this world. 

Gab. Thomas. 

The History of West New Jersey 

West New Jersey lies between the latitude of forty and 
forty-two degrees, having the Main Sea on the south, East 
Jersey on the north, Hudson's Bay on the east, and Pensilvania 
on the west. 

The first inhabitants of this country were the Indians, being 
supposed to be part of the ten dispersed tribes of Israel ; for 
indeed they are very like the Jews in their persons, and some- 
thing in their practices and worship, for they (as the Pensil- 
vanian Indians) observe the new moons with great devotion 
and reverence : and their first fruits they offer, with their corn 
and hunting game they get in the whole year, to a false deity or 
sham god, whom they must please, else (as they fancy) many 
misfortunes will befal them, and great injuries will be done 
them. When they bury their dead they put into the ground 
with them some house utensils, and some money (as tokens of 
their love and affection), with other things, expecting they shall 
have occasion for them again in the other world. And if a per- 
son of note dies very far from the place of his own residence 
they will carry his bones home some considerable time after, to 
be buried there. They are also very curious, nay, even nice in 
preserving and repairing the graves of their dead. They do 
not love to be asked twice their judgment about one thing. They 
are a people who generally delight much in mirth, and are very 
studious in observing the vertues of roots and herbs, by which 
they cure themselves of many distempers in their bodies, both 
internal or external. They will not suffer their beards to grow, 
for they will pluck the hair off with their own fingers as soon 
as they can get hold of it, holding it great deformity to have a 
beard. They are very loving to one another, for if three or 
four of them come into a Christian's house, and the master 
of it happen to give one of them victuals, and none to the rest, 
he will divide it into equal shares among them. And they are 
also very kind and civil to any of the Christians; for I myself 

4 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

have had victuals cut by them in their cabbins, before they I 
any for themselves. Their chief employment is in hunting, fish« 
ing and fowling, and making canows, or Indian boats and 
bowls, in all which arts they are very dexterous and ingenious. 
Their women's business chiefly consists in planting of Indian 
corn and pounding it to meal in mortars with pestils (as we 
beat our spice), and make bread, and dress their victuals, which 
they perform very neatly and cleanily. They also make Indian 
mats, ropes, hats and baskets, (some of curious workmanship) 
of their hemp, which there grows wild and natural in the woods 
in great plenty. In short, the women are very ingenious in their 
several imployments as well as the men. Their young maids 
are naturally very modest and shamefae'd. And their young 
women, when newly married, are very nice and shy, and will 
not suffer the men to talk of any immodest or lascivious mat- 
ters. Their houses are, for the most part, cover'd with chesnutt 
bark, but very close and warm, insomuch that no rain can go 
through. Their age in computation may be compared with the 

Their wearing habit is commonly deer skins, or duffles. They 
don't allow of mentioning the name of a friend after his death, 
for at his decease they make their face black all over with black 
lead; and when their affairs go well with them they paint their 
faces with red lead, it being a token of their joy as the other is 
of their grief. They are great observers of the weather by the 
moon. They take great delight in cloaths of various colours. 
And are so punctual that if any go from their first offer or 
bargain with them, it will be very difficult for that party to get 
any dealings with them any more, or to have any farther con- 
verse with them. And, moreover, it is worthy of remark that 
when a company of them are got together they never interrupt 
or contradict one another, till two of them have made an end of 
their discourse; for if never so many be in company only two 
must discourse at a time and the rest must keep silence. The 
English and they live very peaceably, by reason the English 
satisfies them for their land. 

As to the manner of their language, it is high and lofty, 
with a short sentence. Their way of counting is by tens, as to 
say two tens, three tens, four tens, five tens, etc. 

West New Jersey in the Year 169S 5 

I shall now proceed to show something of the manner and 
way of discourse that happens between them and the neighbour- 
ing Christians that use to deal and traffick with them, or when 
they meet one another in the woods accidentally, one a looking 
for his cattel, and the other a hunting the wild deer, or other 
game, by way of questions and answers. I shall put the In- 
dian tongue on one side of the leaf, and the English opposite. 
Their discourse is as f olloweth : 

The Indian Tongue The English of it 

Quest. : Hitah takoman ? Quest. : Friend, from whence 

Answ. : Andogowa nee weekin. com'st ? 

Quest. : Tony andogowakee- Answ. : Yonder. 

weekin ? Quest. : Where yonder ? 

Answ. : Arwaymouse. Answ. : My house. 

[Here appear various other questions and answers that we 
omit. — Editor]. 

The names of some of the Indians : Anachkooting, Bussa- 
benating, Okonycan, Potasko, Quindamen, Lames, Alpoongan, 
Kohonk, Hiton, Temeny. 

The Dutch and Sweeds inform us that they are greatly de- 
creased in number to what they were when they came first into 
this country. And the Indians themselves say that two of them 
die to every one Christian that comes in here. Reader, I shall 
not insist any farther upon this subject, because what is defi- 
cient or short here is inserted already in the preceding history 
of Pennsilvania ; for the natives both of that, as well as of this 
country, speak the same language and live after the same man- 
ner; for my chief aim, in the next place, is to acquaint thee 
how, and after what manner the Christians live there. And I 
hope I have pleased thee so far, as it may prove a means to 
encourage me to give a larger description hereafter. 

The next who came there were the Dutch, which was between 
forty and fifty years agoe, though they made but very little im- 
provement ; only built two or three houses upon an island 
(called since by the English) Stacies Island; and it remained 
so till about the year 1675, in which King Charles the Second 
(or the Duke of York, his brother) gave the countrey to Ed- 
ward Billing, in whose time one Major Fenwick went thither, 

6 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

with some others, and built a pretty town and call'd it Salam ; 
and in a few years after a ship from London, and another from 
Hull, sail'd thither with more people, who went higher up into 
the countrey, and built there a town, and called it Burlington, 
which is now the chiefest town in that countrey, though Salam 
is the ancientest ; and a fine market town it is, having several 
fairs kept yearly in it ; likewise well furnished with good store 
of most necessaries for humane support, as bread, beer, beef 
and pork, as also butter and cheese, of which they freight sev- 
eral vessels and send them to Barbadoes and other islands. 
There are very many fine, stately brick houses built, and a com- 
modious dock for vessels to come in at, and they claim equal 
privilege with Burlington for the sake of antiquity ; tho' that is 
the principal place, by reason that the late Governor Cox, who 
bought that countrey of Edward Billing, encouraged and pro- 
moted that town chiefly in settling his agents and deputy-Gov- 
ernors there (the same favours are continued by the new West 
Jersey Society, who now manage matters there), which brings 
their assemblies and chief courts to be kept there ; and by that 
means it is become a very famous town, having a great many 
stately brick houses in it (as I said before), with a delicate, 
great market house, where they keep their market. It hath a 
noble and spacious hall overhead, where their sessions is kept, 
having the prison adjoining to it. 

Likewise in the said town there are very many fine wharfs 
and large timber yards, malt houses, brew houses, bake houses, 
and most sorts of tradesmen (whose wages are upon the same 
foot with the Pensilvanians), viz., cloath workers, who make 
very good serges, druggets, crapes, camblets, (part silk or 
worsted, and part camels hair) and good plushes, with several 
other woollen cloathes, besides linnen. 

There are many fair and great brick houses on the outside 
of the town, which the gentry have built there for their coun- 
trey houses, besides the great and stately palace of John Tate- 
ham, Esq., which is pleasantly situated on the north side of the 
town, having a very fine and delightful garden and orchard ad- 
joyning to it, wherein is variety of fruits, herbs and flowers, as 
roses, tulips, July flowers, sun-flowers (that open and shut as 

West New Jersey in the Year 1698 7 

the sun rises and sets, thence taking their name), carnations, 
and many more ; besides abundance of medicinal roots, herbs, 
plants and flowers, found wild in the fields. 

There are kept also in this famous town several fairs every 
year; and as for provisions, viz., bread, beer, beef, pork, cheese, 
butter and most sorts of fruit here is great plenty and very 
cheap; all those commodities are to be bought every market 

A ship of four hundred tuns may sail up to this town in the 
River Delaware ; for I myself have been on board a ship of 
that burthen there. And several fine ships and vessels (besides 
Governour Cox's own great ship) have been built there. 

There are also two handsom bridges to come in and out of the 
town, called London and York bridges. The town stands in 
an island, the tide flowing quite round about it. There are 
water men who constantly ply their wherry boats from that 
town to the city of Philadelphia in Pensilvania, and to other 
places. Besides there is Gloucester town, which is a very fine 
and pleasant place, being well stor'd with summer fruits, as 
•cherries, mulberries and strawberries, whither young people 
come from Philadelphia in the wherries to eat strawberries and 
cream, within sight of which city it is sweetly situated, being 
but about three miles distance from thence. 

There are several meetings of worship in this country, viz., 
the Presbyterians, Quakers and Anabaptists. Their privilege as 
to matter of law is the same both for plaintiff and defendant, 
as in England. 

The air is very clear, sweet and wholesom ; in the depth of 
winter it is something colder, and as much hotter in the heighth 
of summer than in England. Commonly (with them) the days 
differ two hours in length from ours here. The longest day in 
summer is shorter by two hours than the longest day in Eng- 
land, and the shortest day longer by two hours than with us 

As for corn, they have wheat, rye, pease, oates, barley, rice, 
€tc, in vast quantities. Also Indian corn, pease and beans, like- 
wise English hemp and flax, which prospers there exceedingly. 
Eating roots, pumpkins, cashews, water melons, muskmellons, 

8 Proceedings Nnv Jersey Historical Society 

cucumbers, squashes, carrots, artichokes, potatoes, turnips, gar- 
lick, onions and leeks grow there in greater plenty than in Eng- 
land. And for herbs, they have cabbages, coleworts, savoys, 
lettice, purslane and other sallads in abundance; beside wild 
herbs which are there very common, as penny-royal, mint, 
mustard, sage, rue, tansey, etc., and likewise there are choice 
phisical roots, as sassafras, sarsaparilla, black snake root, rat- 
tlesnake root, and poake root, with divers others, which there is 
great store of. 

Of fish they have whales, sturgeon, cod, scale fish, cole and 
hake fish, large mackeril, flat fish, rock, shadds, cattes, eels, perch 
and many other sorts in prodigious shoals. And wild water fowl, 
as geese, ducks, swans, divers, etc., are very numerous, even be- 
yond all expectation. As to land fowl, turkeys, geese, pheas- 
ants, partridges, pigeons, woodcocks, blackbirds, etc., they are 
there in extraordinary great abundance and very large. There 
is also that uncommon and valuable bird (being near the big- 
ness of a cuckoo) called the mocking bird (known but not very 
well in England, being so very nice and tender, that they usual- 
ly die by the way) with several other charming and curious 
birds, too tedious here to specific 

As to the wild vermin, there are otters, beavers, foxes, mush- 
rats, minx's, wild cats, rackoons, pollcats, and also that cun- 
ning creature the possom, particularly mention'd and distin- 
guished in the annex'd account of Pensilvania for its remarka- 
ble qualities, whither I refer the reader, not in the least being 
fond of tautology. This creature is about the bigness of an 
English cat, being of a light gray colour. Likewise there were 
some wolves and bears, but now they are very rare to be seen, 
by reason the Indians destroy them (as before). Also that 
strange creature the flying squirril, mention'd in the foregoing 
book. There are great numbers of wild deer, and red deer 
also ; and these wild creatures are free and common for any to 
kill and take. And for wild fruits there are chestnuts, filberts, 
hickery-nuts, grapes, mulberries, strawberries, rasberries, huc- 
kleberries, and cranebcrries, with several sorts of plumbs, and 
all those fruits in great plenty being free for anybody to 

West New Jersey in the Year 1698 9 

Now I am a coming to the planted fruit trees, as apples, 
pears, apricocks, quinces, plumbs, cherries, gooseberries, cur- 
rants, and peaches, from which last they distil a liquor as in 
Pensilvania, much like rum or brandy, in the taste; and all 
those trees will come to bear in a little more than half the time 
they do in England, the soil is so rich ; they have great plenty 
of the aforementioned fruits, which are exceedingly delicious. 
These, as also many other fruits that come not to any pitch of 
perfection in England, are the natural product of this country, 
which lies warmer, being more befriended by the sun's hot and 
glorious beams, which without doubt is the chief cause and true 
reason why the fruit there so far excells the English. They 
have likewise great stocks of horses and hogs raised in the 
woods; of the latter of which I have seen some of a prodigious 
weight that only fed there ; their horses are very hardy, strong 
and of good spirit for labour or travelling; they commonly go 
unshod (which in many years saves much money). Their plow 
shears require but small reparation, wearing out but little. They 
harrow their ground with a wooden-tyned harrow, and twice 
over does the business. 

Of bees also they are well provided and abound in sheep 
naturally very sound, and that stand well the rot, scab, maggots, 
etc., rarely invading them ; they usually bring forth two lambs 
at once, and their wooll is very fine, white and thick ; they have 
great stocks of cattle, as cows, oxen, etc. Their oxen common- 
ly weigh well. 

Tame fowl there are (almost) incredible in nutnbers, viz., 
geese, turkeys, hens, etc. 

In this country also is great plenty of working timber, as 
oaks, ash, chestnuts, pine, cedar, walnut, poplar, firr, and masts 
for ships, with pitch and rosin, of great use and much benefit 
to the countrey. Here are several good navigable rivers, be- 
sides that famous river Delaware (which I have mentioned 
elsewhere, and where the tobacco is excellent), being deep 
enough for vessels to come in: First, Prince Morise's River, 
where the Sweeds used to kill the geese in great numbers, for 
their feathers (only) leaving their carcasses behind them; Co- 
hanscy River, by which they send great store of cedar to Phila- 

10 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

delphia City ; Allaway River ; Salam River, which runs by 
Salam town (of greatest antiquity) ; Naman River, Rackcoon 
River, which had its name from the great numbers of those 
creatures that always abound thereabouts; Old Man's River; 
Manto River; Woodbcrry River; Great Eggharbor River (up 
which a ship of two or three hundred tuns may sail), which 
runs by the back part of the countrey into the Main Sea; I call 
it back, because the first improvement made by the Christians 
was Delaware Riverside. This place is noted for good store 
of corn, horses, cows, sheep, hogs, etc., the lands thereabouts 
being much improv'd and built upon ; Little Egg-Harbour- 
Creek, which take their names from the great abundance of 
eggs, which the swans, geese, ducks, and other wild fowls off 
those rivers lay thereabouts; Timber River, alias Gloucester 
River, which hath its name (also) from the great quantity of 
curious timber, which they send in great floats to Philadelphia, 
a city in Pensilvania, as oaks, pines, chestnut, ash, and cedars ; 
this river runs down by Gloucester town which is the shire 
town ; and Newton River, that runs by Newton ; Cooper Riv- 
er; Pensokin River; Northampton River, with several others, 
at a convenient distance upon the sea (the shores whereof are 
generally deep and bold) of less note, as Wissahiskonk River, 
that runs down into the great River Delaware, by Burlington. 
The countrey inhabited by the Christians is divided into four 
parts of counties, tho' the tenth part of it is not yet peopled. 
'Tis far cheaper living there for eatables than here in England, 
and either men or women that have a trade or are labourers, 
can, if industrious, get near three times the wages they com- 
monly earn in England. 

Courteous reader, as yet I have given thee no account of East 
Jersey, because I never was there, so in reality cannot properly 
or pertinently speak to that matter. I will not pretend to im- 
pose anything on the world, but have all along and shall still 
declare nothing but verity ; therefore one word of that by and 
by. I might have given thee a much larger account of this 
countrey, and have stretch'd this (now) pocket volume to an 
extraordinary bulk and size> and yet without straining or deviat- 
ing in the least from the principles of my profession, which are 

West New Jersey in the Year 1698 11 

truth itself. I have no plot in my pate, or deep design, no, not 
the least expectation of gaining anything by them that go 
thither, or losing by those who stay here. My end chiefly in 
writing, nay, indeed my great aim, is to inform the people of 
Britain and Ireland in general, but particularly the poor, who 
are begging, or near it, or starving, or hard by it (as I before 
took notice in my Preface) to encourage them, for their own 
good and for the honour and benefit of their native countrey, 
to whom they are now a scandal and disgrace, and whose milk 
and honey these drones eat up, and are besides a heavy bur- 
den to the commonwealth, in the taxes paid by every parish in 
England, etc., to support them. 

Law causes are here (as in Pensilvania) speedily determined, 
in the second court at least, unless in some difficult business. 
One Justice of the Peace hath power to try a cause, and give 
judgment therein, if the original debt be under forty shillings. 
And for thieves and robbers (as I hinted before in the Preface) 
they must restore fourfold ; which, if they are not able to do, 
they must work hard till the injured person is satisfied. 

I shall conclude with a word or two on New East Jersey. 
This countrey is exceeding fruitful in cattel, of which I have 
seen great numbers brought from thence, viz., oxen, cows, 
sheep, hogs and horses, to Philadelphia, the capital of Pen- 
silvania; the chiefest manufactory (besides English and In- 
dian grain) fit for traffick that this countrey affords. 

Now I shall give thee an account of the English manufactory, 
that each county in West New Jersey affords. In the first 
place I shall begin with Burlington County, as for peltage, or 
beavers skins, otter skins, minks skins, musk-rats skins, rack- 
coon, v/ild cats, martin and deer skins, etc. The trade in Glou- 
cester County consists chiefly in pitch, tar, and rosin ; the lat- 
ter of which is made by Robert Styles, an excellent artist in 
that sort of work, for he delivers it as clear as any gum ara- 
bick. The commerce carried on in Salam County is chiefly rice, 
of which they have wonderful produce every year; as also of 
cranberries, which grow there in great plenty, and which in 
picle might be brought to Europe. The commodities of Cape 
May County are oyl and whale bone, of which they make 

12 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

prodigious, nay, vast quantities, every year, having mightily 
advanc'd that great fishery, taking great numbers of whales 
yearly. This countrey for the general part of it is extra- 
ordinary good and proper for the raising of all sorts of cattel, 
very plentiful here, as cows, horses, sheep and hogs, etc. ; like- 
wise it is well stor'd with several sorts of fruits which make 
very good and pleasant liquors, such as their neighbouring 
country before mention'd affords. 

Now, reader, having no more to add of any moment or im- 
portance, I salute thee in Christ : and whether thou stayest in 
England, Scotland, Ireland or Wales, or goest to Pensilvania, 
West or East Jersey, I wish thee all health and happiness in 
this, and everlasting comfort (in God) in the world to come. 
Fare thee well. 

Jl Jl Jt Jt 


In conjunction with other Colonies, New Jersey was re- 
quired to take an active part against the French in 1709. The 
Acting-Governor, Richard Ingoldsby, then presented the matter 
to the Council in this manner: 

"At your last meeting, I find in your votes a resolution of 
your House, for the raysing of £3,000 for Her Majesties ser- 
vice. This, gentlemen, is now become a debt from you to Her 
Majesty and I think you have nothing else to doe but consider 
of the ways and means of raysing and paying of your quota of 
men appointed by Her Majesty for the reduceing of Canada, 
and all I shall further say to you is to recommend spread and 
diligence in this affaire and that you would lay aside all other 
business at this Session. Her Majesties service requiring my 
speady attendance at Albany and when wee shall meet againe, 
I doe assure you, there is nothing that can realy tend to Her 
Majesties service but shall be complyed withall." 

The Council then proceeded to authorize an emission of 
£3,000 in bills of credit, of which each bill was "to be indented 
at the top or on the left side thereof with the Arms of the 
Queen of Great Britain." At the same time a committee 

Nciv Jersey Paper Currency, 1709- 1786 13 

consisting of Thomas Pike, Elisha Parker, Thomas Farmar 
and John Royse was appointed to have charge of the engraving, 
printing, signing and numbering of the bills. The sudden 
death of John Royse prompted the committee to invite Adam 
Hude to assist in the work without submitting the matter to 
the Council. Moreover, the committee ignored the stipulation 
that the Arms of Great Britain must appear on the bills. 
Therefore, at the next meeting of the Council, it was resolved : 

"That Thomas Pike, Elisha Parker and Thomas Farmar, 
having contrary to the directions of the Act, caused bills to be 
printed and stamped only with three lyons passant, instead of 
the Arms of the Queen of Great Britain, are guilty of a breach 
of the trust and confidence reposed in them and that Adam 
Hude by taking upon himself to sign the said bills was illegal." 

When the Council met in Perth Amboy in July, 171 1, the 
members voted to emit bills of credit to the value of £5,000 
"for levying and raising of money for and toward the encour- 
agement, paying, provision, transportation and other charges 
for volunteers, to go on an expedition against Canada." The 
bills were to be in denominations of five shillings to £5. (N. 
J. Laws, Vol. Ill, page 481). 

The next emission of paper money, amounting to £4,670, or 
JI >675 ounces of plate, was authorized in 1716 for the purpose 
of paying the debts of the people who had taken part in the late 
expedition and for incidental expenses of the government. But 
when all of the debts were paid there was very little if any 
money in the treasury. Consequently the people voiced their 
sentiments in favor of adopting a system of loaning funds at 
a nominal rate of interest on good security. Governor Burnet 
also favored such a system. Therefore, in the month of March, 
1724, the Assembly agreed to emit £40,000 or 100,000 ounces 
of plate, in bills of public credit to be loaned to the people at five 
per cent interest on land or house security, or on plate valued 
at eight shillings per ounce. It was enacted "that no person 
shall be allowed to borrow more than £100, or a less sum than 
£123/2." The Loan Office was managed by Josiah Ogden, of 
Essex, Thomas Farmar, of Somerset, William Trent, of Hun- 
terdon, and Daniel Cox, of Burlington. 

14 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

Thus commenced in New Jersey a system of loaning bills of 
credit to the people, a measure void of danger and well calcu- 
lated to promote the best interests of all the inhabitants. 

In March, 1728, an issue of £24,760 was authorized for the 
purpose of redeeming the outstanding paper currency. Another 
emission of £25,000 was ordered in July, 1730. Four years 
later, the Assembly voted to emit £50,000, which was the last 
issue prior to the time when New Jersey severed her connec- 
tion with the Colony of New York. 

Lewis Morris became Governor of New Jersey in 1738. On 
May 26, 1739, to the Lords of Trade in England, he stated : 

"There is little gold or silver in the Province. Their whole 
commerce, among themselves [is] managed by means of paper 
bills of credit, of which there are about £60,000 now current, 
and in the year 1741 it will begin to sink and grow yearly less. 
But the whole quantity I am told is not sufficient for the use of 
the Province and that the people will soon be very pressing 
for more." 

Notwithstanding the concise and potent reasons given by the 
Governor, the Lords of Trade refused to sanction any further 
issues of paper currency, except on three conditions, which 
were as follows : First, the bills of credit to be emitted must 
not be a legal tender. Second, the bills must be made redeem- 
able by a specified tax upon the people. Third, a clause must 
be incorporated in the Act authorizing suspension of the 
action until the King gave His royal assent thereto. Against 
such an arbitrary decree the New Jersey Council declared : 

"If such Acts should pass into law they would be an en- 
croachment upon the fundamental Constitution of the Province 
and of the Concessions made to the first settlers thereof by His 
Majesty's royal ancestors. Also destructive of the liberty and 
properties of His Majesty's subjects and a great discourage- 
ment to the future settlement thereof, which must be vastly 
detrimental to the trade of Great Britain by lessening the con- 
sumption of her manufactures." 

Despite the forceful reasons embodied in the above resolu- 
tion, the Colony had to obtain the King's assent to further emis- 
sions of currency. British objection to the legal tender clause 

New Jersey Paper Currency, 1709-1786 15 

was absurd, since the bills of credit were not intended to have 
a circulation in England. Moreover, the ultimate redemption 
of the currency devolved wholly upon the Colonists. 

The King's assent to future emissions of bills of credit de- 
pended largely upon whether or not his domain in America was 
to be again threatened by the French. Therefore, in 1746, 
when the Colonies were urged to attack the French at Louis- 
burg, the King was glad to approve of emissions of paper 
money by several of the Colonies, New Jersey issued £17,850 
in bills of credit on July 2, 1746, in order to defray the expenses 
of the troops at Saratoga, which were commanded by Peter 
Schuyler, of Belleville, N. J. The soldiers were called "J er ~ 
sey Blues" because their uniforms were made by their wives 
and mothers and were dyed blue. Again, for the Crown Point 
expedition, New Jersey was enabled to emit £15,000 in the 
month of May, 1755, and a like amount in November. 

Early in 1756 the Assembly authorized an emission of 10,000 
pounds, for the redemption of which assessments were levied 
on the counties of Middlesex, Salem, Monmouth, Somerset, 
Bergen, Gloucester, Burlington, Cape May, Hunterdon, Mor- 
ris and Cumberland. The Assembly met at Elizabethtown in 
March, 1756, and resolved to stimulate the soldiers to greater 
deeds of heroism in the war by enacting that "it shall and may 
be lawful to and for officers of the forces, who are to march 
into the enemy's country, by a vote of the General Council of 
war, to certify the particulars of the extraordinary behavior of 
any action against the enemy, for which any two of the soldiers 
shall be paid a premium of £10 each and to any four of the said 
soldiers, £5 each and to any ten soldiers shall be paid £2 each." 

On June 22, 1756, the sum of £21,000 was authorized. 
Events of 1757 necessitated three emissions of paper currency, 
viz., one of £30,000 in April; another of £10.000 in June, and 
£30,000 in November. Meanwhile the French remained in 
possession of Crown Point. Hence in May. 1758, the Assem- 
bly resolved to emit £50,000 in denominations of six shillings 
to £6. This amount sufficed until October, when the sum of 
£20,000 became necessary. Still the French were not defeated 
and the expenses did not diminish. Therefore the Assembly 

16 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

voted to authorize an emission of £50,000 in the month of 
April, 1759, and another of £42,000 in September of the same 

The war ended in October. Then followed a. long period of 
reconstruction, during which the people needed large sums of 
money for various purposes. Therefore the Assembly author- 
ized £45,000 in 1760; £30,000 in 1762 and £20,000 in 1763. The 
war with the Indians, under Pontiac, necessitated an emission 
of £100,000 in 1764. Soon after peace was declared, the Col- 
ony's exchequer was found to be short of funds. Hence when 
the Assembly met on December 6, 1769, it was declared as 
follows : 

"Whereas the great distress in which this Colony, for several 
years past, hath been involved for want of a sufficient currency, 
both as a medium of exchange and to pay debts that compelled 
very many of the inhabitants to sell their estates, or suiter 
them to be sold at an accumulated expense by the sheriffs, 
frequently for less than half their value, by which the mer- 
chants, manufacturers and traders in Great Britain and other 
creditors have been great sufferers, which grievance, in all 
probability, will much more increase, unless if not speedily 
remedied ; 

"And, whereas, until an opportunity offers to procure a sup- 
ply of Dills of credit on the original footing on which they 
have been usually issued in this Colony, in the present emer- 
gency it may be beneficent to have the use of a moderate emis- 
sion, though the bills, according to the purpose of this Act, 
should not be a. legal tender for payment of debts, but to have 
their credit upon the undoubted funds of security on which 
they are issued, which, as hereinafter enacted, being first of in- 
dividuals mortgaging their estates in double value of the sum 
borrowed, and then that each respective county being mort- 
gaged in the general to make good the deficiency of individuals, 
if any such deficiency should happen, by which means the whole 
Province is by this Act to be mortgaged for the sum intended 
to be issued ; 

"And, whereas, the punctuality and care with which the sums 
heretofore issued in this Colony in bills of credit have been 
sunk according to the Acts that respectively made them current 
can leave no room to doubt of the credit of the bills hereby 
issued, being in that respect properly supported as all other 
issues in this Colony have been, even so as to increase in credit 
and demand without clanger of depreciation in value, or incon- 

New Jersey Paper Currency, 1709- 1786 17 

venience to any individual, though a much larger sum has been 
current than is hereby emitted ; 

"Therefore, 'for a present supply and to enable the inhab- 
itants of this Colony the more speedily to pay their debts, ex- 
tend their settlements, improve and cultivate their lands and for 
many other good purposes, we the chosen representatives do 
pray that it may be enacted by the authority of the same, that 
£125,000, of equal value with the Proclamation money of this 
Colony, shall be printed, made and prepared in bills of credit.' " 

It was further enacted, "that out of the total amount to be 
issued, £25,000 shall be used to redeem such bills as are torn 
and ragged." (N. J. Laws of 1769, pages 25 to 29). 

On March n, 1774, the Assembly proclaimed as follows: 

"Whereas through the great scarcity of gold and silver with- 
in this Province, daily increasing from the purchase of the 
manufactures necessarily imported from Great Britain and the 
constant sinking of the bills of credit emitted during the late 
war for His Majesties service, the inhabitants of this Colony 
are greatly obstructed in extending their settlements, improving 
and cultivating their lands, and lie under great difficulties in 
paying their just debts, Be it enacted by the Governor, Council 
and General Assembly, that the sum of £100,000 shall be 
printed, made and prepared in bills of credit." 

William Franklin was the Royal Governor of New Jersey at 
this time and he remained as such until 1776, when he was 
deposed. Early in 1775, Governor Franklin was urged to ob- 
tain permission from the King for another emission of paper 
currency. Permission was granted, but with the stipulation 
that a portion of the money must be sent to erect a suitable 
mansion for Governor Franklin. Such a proviso was displeas- 
ing to the people and served to intensify their desire for free- 
dom and independence. Consequently, on May 23, 1775, a 
Provincial Congress of deputies from the counties of Bergen, 
Essex, Middlesex, Morris, Somerset, Sussex, Monmouth, Hun- 
terdon, Burlington, Gloucester, Cumberland, Salem and Cape 
May assembled at Trenton. When organized, the Congress de- 
clared : 

"Whereas, it is absolutely necessary to provide a fund for 
defraying the expense of equipping and maintaining troops for 

18 Proceedings Neiv Jersey Historical Society 

the Continental army, it is therefore resolved and directed that 
bills of credit to the amount of £30,000, Proclamation money, 
be immediately prepared, printed and made as follows, to wit." 
(American Archives, Vol. 3, page 1241). 

On February 20, 1776, the Provincial Congress of New Jer- 
sey authorized an emission of £50,000 in bills of credit. Evi- 
dently such an amount was grossly inadequate to meet the cur- 
rent expenses, for on March 25, 1776, the Congress voted to 
authorize an emission of £125,000 in denominations of one 
shilling to £6; all of which were to be printed on paper wa- 
termarked "New Jersey." 

It is remarkable that no further issues of paper currency 
was authorized by the Assembly until June 9, 1780, when the 
sum of $225,000 was provided for in denominations of one dol- 
lar to twenty dollars. The bills were to bear five per cent 
and to be redeemable in Spanish milled dollars on December 
31, 1786. The above mentioned emission was authorized to 
pay the State's quota of the Continental tax. Prior to 17S1 the 
people became anxious for bills of smaller denominations, since 
the smallest bill had hitherto not been for less than one shill- 
ing. Therefore, on January 9, 1781, the Assembly authorized 
£30,000 in denominations of six pence to seven shillings and 
six pence. 

On December 20, 1783, the sum of £31,260 was issued to 
meet the contingent expenses of the government. About four 
months later the State Treasurer was authorized to sign prom- 
issory notes for various amounts, in order to benefit those who 
had served the State in the late war. The form of the promis- 
sory notes was as follows : 

"The State of New Jersey is indebted unto of the 

County of in the sum of being for military ser- 
vice, which said sum shall be paid unto the said , or his 

representatives in specie with interest at the rate of six per cent 
per annum until paid. Witness my hand this day of 


The final issue of bills of credit by New Jersey was au- 
thorized on May 17, 1786, when the sum of £100,000 was 

A Walking and Riding Journey West in i8n-'i2 19 

emitted for the ostensible purpose of supplying the people with 
a much needed medium of barter and exchange. 

The total amount of paper currency emitted by New Jersey 
during the period 1709 to 1786 exceeded £1,250,000. 

& J* J* # 



There has come to the New Jersey Historical Society a diary 
kept by a Mr. John Force, detailing his walking journey to the 
West in 181 1, and his return journey on horseback. He was 
born in Caldwell township, Essex County, N. J., about 1760, 
and died in Union township, in now Union county, in 1836. 
His father was Isaac Force, who, in 1764, occupied, with 
Manning Force, a tract in the "Second Newark Purchase." 
Manning Force was the grandfather of Peter Force, the his- 
torian, once President of the National Institute at Washington, 
compiler of "American Archives," in 9 volumes, and other 
works of note. 

The diary is without the first few leaves and begins at Eas- 
ton, Pa. It is not historically interesting, as the descriptions 
by the writer were few. He was careful to note distances, 
with mention of the kinds of trees in the woods through which 
he passed. So far as appears he walked to the West to sec 
relatives and the country. The route taken was as follows : 

Easton to Blauvelt's, Bethlehem, where he put up at "the 
Moravian tavern;" Cootstown, Reading, "Womandorf's," put- 
ting up at Frederick Fisher's ; Millerstown, Palmyra, stopping 
at Adam Hitrang's; Hummelstown, Harrisburg, Carlisle, stay- 
ing at John McGinnis's ; Shippensburg, Strawsburg, putting up 
at Robert McCune's ; crossed the Three Brothers Mountain 
to Phannetsburg, stopping beyond it at Robert Tait's; crossed 
the Juniata river; Bloody Run, Bedford, stopping at Isabella 
Hart's; on Allegheny Mountain; at William Thompson's 
tavern; Pittsburgh, which he said had "two meeting-houses, a 
court-house, three market houses, two rope walks, a furnace 

20 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

and a gristmill worked by steam." This walk, the length of 
Pennsylvania, seems to have been accomplished from November 
12 to 23 — 12 days in all. 

At Pittsburgh he took a boat, as the custom was, to go down 
the Ohio. He notes poor accommodations and slow progress, 
not a great deal faster than he could walk because of frequent 
and long stops, 30 to 50 miles in 24 hours. Sometimes the 
passengers could go out in small boats and shoot wild turkeys, 
or wander in the woods while the boat was waiting for more 
passengers and cargo. On one day he says : 

"Some of our hands being out hunting and not returning till 
dark, it was thought best to come to, and they came in about 

Settlers, some Scotch, some English, "put off" here and there 
along the Ohio, showing how emigration west was then going 
on. Occasionally, because of heavy "squalls," the boat lay to 
for a whole day. On Dec. 8, after being on the Ohio 12 days, 
he arrived at "the beautiful town of Cincinnati." Here Mr. 
Force left the "ship," and went on "towards brother John 
Roll's," evidently a few miles out of the town ; then to "brother 
James Fordyce's," where he speaks of Fordyce's wife as his 
"sister Mary." On again going to Cincinnati, "to attend the 
market," he says: 

"When I came there I could scarcely believe my eyes to see 
the number of people and wagons and saddle horses, and the 
quantities of meat, flour, corn, fish, fowls and sauce of all kinds 
offered and actually sold." 

Then he began a walk of many days to Thomas Gould's, at 
Springfield, passing Ludlow's Station, "the residence of the 
late Israel Ludlow, from Long Hill, New Jersey," and Abram 
Roll's, "an old acquaintance," the Great Miami, and Colerain, 
staying with an Abner Johnson, near which he saw an ancient 
fort, covering about 100 acres. Here he felt the shock of an 
earthquake, which continued at intervals from 3 A. M. till 11 
A. M. He met much cold and snow this month (in December), 
and visited Voorhistown and Lebanon, near which he put up at 
Ichabod Halsey's, "late from Elizabeth Town in New Jersey;" 

A Walking and Riding Journey West in i8u-'i2 21 

then to Centerville, "in search of Mr. Charles Smith of Han- 
over, N. J." Then to Dayton, beyond which he first saw "the 
land called prerary" (prairie). Beyond this place he "came to 
Mr. Elnathan Cory's," whom he found "in good health and on 
a handsome situation, near the bank of Honey Creek, about 16 
miles from Dayton ;" a James Cory lived near by and a Thomas 
Cory. On this tour he had with him his "cousin," name not 
specially stated; evidently of the Roll or Fordyce family. 

Returning to Cincinnati and visiting friends there, he speaks 
of it as having "about 40 stores, iron mongeries, 8 silversmiths' 
shops, 4 or 5 nail factories, a potash house, tallow chandler, 2 
or 3 potteries, a cotton spinning factory, a large number of 
tailor shops, 4 or 5 places of public worship, courthouse, and 
jail, 2 printing offices," etc. In walks in this general vicinity 
he speaks of "Mr. Edson, my landlord, of whom I purchased 
the book called 'The Navigator.' " Mr. Dennis, Mr. Johnson, 
"an old Jerseyman from the lower part of the State," Benjamin 
Sweet, "cousin Henry Rodgers," etc. 

On Jan. 9, 1812, he set out on his return, on a horse furnished 
by Elnathan Cory, going by Springfield, Chillicothe, near 
which he saw "10 or 12 mounds" (doubtless the noted Indian 
mounds), New Lancaster, Zanesville, Cambridge, Morristown, 
Wheeling, Williamsport, Robstown, Strawsburg, where he 
made an exchange of his horse for another; crossed the Al- 
legheuies again; Bedford, near which he overtook "Mr. Mat- 
thias Ten Eyck, a Jerseyman from Somerset county," and who 
accompanied him to Easton, via Shippensburg, Carlisle, Harris- 
burg, Lebanon, Reading, Cootstown and Allentown, and so to 
Caldwell, N. J. 

The towns are spelled above as in the diary, and are not al- 
ways, apparently, put in correct rotation, but are placed above 
as he notes them. 

The ride home on horseback from near Cincinnati is stated 
to have been in distance 718 miles, but the whole distance 
traveled does not clearly appear. In walking he usually went 
from 25 to 30 miles each day and on horseback about the same. 

22 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 


It is well-known that from about 1740 onward various fur- 
naces and other iron works were built and in operation in W.v 
Jersey. Among them was the furnace at Hibernia, Morris 
county, famous as such during the Revolution and then the 
property of Lord Stirling. It was built in 1765, and probably 
Lord Stirling's ownership dates from 1771 . During the fore 
part of the Revolution, Joseph Hoff was manager of this fur- 
nace, and his brother, Charles Hoff, Jr., who had been appren- 
ticed to Lord Stirling Aug. 12, 1774, began to learn there the 
iron-making trade and bookkeeping. Joseph died in 1777, 
whereupon Charles, Jr., took actual charge. 

Joseph Hoff and Charles Hoff, Jr., were children of a Charles 
Hoff, who, in 1774, stated he was "of Lebanon" (township), 
Hunterdon county, but who is stated to have owned and worked 
an iron forge in Kingwood township, same county. The ances- 
try of this Charles Hoff, Si\, has been uncertain, but is in course 
of being traced, and, if traced, will throw light on the genealog- 
ical pedigree of the Hoff families, which have been chiefly lo- 
cated in Hunterdon, Somerset and Morris counties of this 
State, something which has long baffled searchers. 

Charles Hoff, Jr., remained at Hibernia until 1780, when he 
removed to Mt. Pleasant, also in Morris county. He was a good 
penman and more able in letter writing than many others in 
similar position of his day. In 1800 he was appointed Justice of 
the Peace. He was born at Hopewell, N. J., Nov. 12, 1756, and 
died at Mt. Pleasant July 16, 181 1. His wife was Hannah 
Tuttle (daughter of Moses Tuttle and granddaughter of Col. 
Jacob Ford, of Morristown), who survived until Aug. 26, 1849. 
They had ten children. 

The Washington Association of New Jersey, located at Mor- 
ristown, is in possession of the letter-book copies of letters sent 
to various persons, including Lord Stirling, by Charles Hoff, 
Jr., which book was presented to that Association by the late 
Mrs. Sarah E. Beach of Rockaway, N. J. The most interesting 
portions of these letters, mostly to be given entire, follow, and 

Revolutionary Letters Concerning Hibcrnia Iron Furnace 23 

throw considerable light upon the operations of the Hibernia 
Furnace during the early days of the Revolution. Some ex- 
tracts from them were published in 18S2 in Munsell's "Hist, 
of Morris Co." (pp. 50, 51), but the fuller letters seem worth 
while to reproduce. In the printing we have made only the 
usual minor corrections in capitalization, etc., to conform to 
presejit-day custom in writing. Before giving the letters, how- 
ever, it may be of interest to give the indenture by which 
Charles Hofr, Jr., became "apprentice" to Lord Stirling. It 
reads as follows : 

"This Indenture 
Witnesseth, that Charles Hoff, Junior, by and with the con- 
sent and approbation of Charles Hot! of Lebanon, hath put 
himself, and by these presents doth voluntarily and of his own 
free will and accord, put himself apprentice to William, Lord 
of Stirling, to learn the art, trade and mystery of iron making 
and bookkeeping and, after the manner of an apprentice, to 
serve from the day of date hereof, for and during, and until the 
full end and term of three years and three months next en- 
suing; during all which time the said apprentice his said Mas- 
ter faithfully shall serve, his secrets keep, his lawful commands 
everywhere readily obey. He shall do no damage to his said 
Master, nor see it to be done by others, without letting or giving 
notice thereof to his said Master. He shall not waste his Mas- 
ter's goods, nor lend them unlawfully to any. He shall not 
commit fornication, nor contract matrimony within the said 
term. At cards, dice, or any other unlawful game he shall not 
play, whereby his said Master may have damage. With his 
own goods, nor with the goods of others without license from 
his said Master, he shall neither buy nor sell. He shall not 
absent himself day nor night from his said Master's service, 
without his leave ; nor haunt ale-houses, taverns, or play- 
houses ; but in all things behave himself as a faithful apprentice 
ought to do during the said term. And the said Master shall 
use the utmost of his endeavor to teach, or cause to be taught, 
or instructed, the said Apprentice, in the trade or mystery of 
iron making and bookkeeping, and procure and provide for him 
sufficient meat, drink, apparel, lodging and washing, fitting for 
an apprentice during the said term of three years and three 
months, and at the end thereof to give him one suit of good 
every day apparel and one suit of Sunday apparel, with a prop- 
er proportion of linen, etc., and such other reward or rccom- 
pence as the said Earl shall think his faith for the service 

24 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

may deserve. And for the true performance of all and singu- 
lar the covenants and agreements aforesaid, the said parties 
bind themselves each unto the other firmly by these presents. 

"In witness whereof the said parties have interchangeably set 
their hands and seals hereunto. Dated the twelfth day of 
August in the Year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord George 
the Third, King of Great-Britain, etc. Annoq. Domini, One 
Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventy four. 

"Provided always that these indentures be not transferable 
or assignable, it being the intent of the parties that the said 
apprentice shall serve the said Earl and no other person and 
that in the Province of New Jersey. 


"Sealed and delivered in the Presence of 

"Jos. Hoff. 

"Gillis McPhesom." 

Letter to Governor Livingston 

"Hibernia Furnace, 27th July, 1777. 
"Hon. Sir: — I understand from Col. John Munson of the 
Militia, for the part of the county of Morris, that there is to 
be a draft made out of it in a few days hence, and among the 
rest of the workmen at this Works, as he told me that nothing 
but an order from under your Excellency's own hand would 
render it consistent with his duty to excuse them. I take the 
liberty of begging your Excellency's indulgence in this matter 
as far as to give Col. Munson such orders in writing, for the 
reasons which I will hereafter mention. Gen'l Knox, of the Ar- 
tillery, thinking it likely that a quantity of military stores would 
be wanted for the present campaign, concluded this Works must 
be employed in making a part of — (?), and, in order for 
that, gave orders that every preparation then be made for 
putting the furnace in blast, which has been done, with a con- 
siderable expense ; and should the workmen be required to 
leave the business in its present situation great damage must 
result from it, and render it impossible to comply with the 
forementioned order, for want of stock of cash and oare. We 
are now boring out and preparing for trial, 4 or 5 cannon of 
8-pounders and are of opinion they will prove good, which 
would be of great use in the Artillery. I enclose, Your Ex- 
cellency, the exemption given by his Excellency, Gen'l Wash- 
ington, at the time of the above order from Gen'l Knox. We 
made the last year for public service upwards of one hundred 
and twenty tons of shot of different kinds, many tons of which 
are here still. I shall ever think myself happy, and in my 

Revolutionary Letters Concerning Hibcrnia Iron Furnace 25 

duty to my country, to contribute, by every means in my power, 
in opposing that tyranical spirit which is now exhibited by the 
British Nation, and shall ever be ready to obey any command 
from your Excellency for that end. 

"I am, Your Excellency, Your most obedient and Humble 

"Chas. Hoff, Junr. 

"To Governor Livingston." 

Letters to Justice Cole and Mahlon Taylor 
The next letter is dated Oct. 21, 1777, and is to a "Justice 
Cole." It states that his (HofFs) "flour and horse feed agent, 
Mr. Mahlon Taylor" informs him that he, Taylor, cannot sup- 
ply horsefeed for some time, and hopes Justice Cole can sup- 
ply 40 bushels and a bag of ground Indian meal for family use. 
The next letter is to Mahlon Taylor on the same general sub- 
ject. Then follows this letter to Lord Stirling: 

Letter to Lord Stirling 

"Hibernia Iron Works, 23rd October, 1777. 

"My Lord: The 15th instant your Lordship's letter of the 
7th came to hand. I have been so unwell of a billious remitting 
fever as not to be able to furnish your Lordship with the ac- 
counts you mention ere now. Your Lordship may, perhaps, be 
surprised at my making such an agreement with Miss Weygand, 
without consulting you, but I went once to Baskenridge and 
once to Middlebrook to wait for Your Lordship for that end, 
and found you so much engaged both times as not to be able to 
do the least in it, or any other part of my business with you, 
and, concluding that your concern with the Army would not 
perhaps admit of your attending to any other matter this pres- 
ent campaign, and having many considerable engagements then 
to discharge, these were my reasons for doing it. 

"I think Your Lordship will conceive from the nature of that 
agreement that, provided we can get in blast the next year and 
command cash for the produce of it, it will be in my power to 
pay off that, without disposing of the least of the pig metal that 
is her security. One of the considerable engagements above 
mentioned was Mr. Mahlon Taylor's balance for supplies of 
horsefeed and plow, about 470 pounds, which he was under 
some fears about the discharge of, on account of the Company's 
going to the enemy, and the property here being seized for the 
public use. The pig metal, otherwise disposed of this year, 
was a great part to Mr. Faesch for the discharge of his balance, 

26 Proceedings Neiv Jersey Historical Society 

which was upwards of 300 pounds and per cash, received of 
him before my borrowing of Miss Weygard, and some since. 
As your Lordship desires to have an account of what pig metal 
is on hand and of the expenditure of and produce of the last 
blast, 1 transmit you the state of the Furnace at the close of the 
last blast, also the sales of the pig metal of it, and the state of 
the cash account for this year. If your Lordship would choose 
I should give you in particular a state of the account for the 
last blast, as debt and credit of all the general accounts, and 
the way in which they were closed, I will send it to you the 
earliest opportunity. I am my Lord, 

"Yr. Lordship's Very Huml. Servt., 

"Charles Hoff, Junr. 
"Lord Stirling." 

The reference in above letter to Mr. Faesch is to John Jacob 
Faesch, who came to America in 1764, and in 1772 took charge 
of the ML Hope furnace. (See particulars in Munsell's "Hist, 
of Morris Co.," 1882, p. 53). 

Letter to William Harrison 

"Hibernia Furnace, 15th Nov., 1777. 
"Dear Sir: Being solicitous for Mr. Erskine's answer re- 
specting the exchange of the pig metal for salt, at the price we 
yesterday talked, and the bearer, Peter Young, going near 
Ringwood on his own business, I should consider it as a par- 
ticular favour if you'd [talk] with him fully on the matter by 
Young and let me have a satisfactory answer at his return. 
I should be willing that the quantity of salt exchanged for might 
be either 25 or 50 bushels. I am Sir, 

"Your Most Humbl. Servt., 

"Charles Hoff, Junr. 
"Mr. William Harrison." 

Letter to Lord Stirling 

"Hibernia Furnace, 4th March, 1778. 
"My Lord: Since I wrote your Lordship last, have pro- 
ceeded [under] the Act for exempting twenty-five men for 
those Works, and have engaged twenty of the number, which 
I have kept constantly employed at wood cutting, and have 
now, with the old and new wood, about 1,200 cords cut on hand 
and coal stacked in the boat house 150 loads; and, agreeable 
to your Lordship's direction in your last letter, have kept two 
.miners constantly employed, and find the quantity of ore raised 
to be 400 tons and upward. Have contracted for nearly enough 

Revolutionary Letters Concerning Hibcrnia Iron Furnace 2J 

provisions till next fall. The price of the flour is 33 shillings, 
agreeable to the stipulation of an Act passed by the Legisla- 
ture of this State for regulating the several prices of produce 
manufactured and trade. The beef was purchased prior to the 
Act taking place, and by that means came high ; however, 
shall sell it accordingly. 

"The furnace hearth is on the bank ready for dressing and 
putting" in. Shall agree with a founder immediately, so that 
I think every [thing] necessary will be ready by June, if the 
necessary hands can be procured to begin the blast. 

"The pig metal I have sold, some for 12 pounds, some for 
15 pounds, some for 20 pounds, and some for 30 pounds per 
ton. The stipulated price agreeable to the Act, is 20 pounds 
per ton. Please to inform me how I must act in that case? 
The forges in this part of the country, many of them, are turn'd 
from the blooming to the refining, and pig metal, of course, is 
in great demand ; there is also a great demand for hollow-ware 
of all kinds, also salt pans, forge plates, etc. 

"Should any military stores be wanted, shall be ready to 
make them. Have wrote a letter to General Knox, which I 
have left unsealed for your Lordship's perusal on that head. 
Your Lordship may see, by looking at my indenture, that my 
apprentisship with your Lordship expired the 12th of No- 
vember last, and, as everything 1 get in future is charged to 
my account, it sums up largely. Should be much oblig'd to 
your Lordship if you'd fill up the blank agreement, according 
as your Lordship may judge of my merits. Your Lordship al- 
lowed my brother Joseph, in the year 1774, one thousand pounds 
proc, and, as everything is much dearer at this time, I leave 
your Lordship to judge what is proper to allow me. My 
brother John can witness the agreement. This I should not 
have mentioned until I had an opportunity of seeing your 
Lordship myself, but, as your Lordship lies at such distance and 
misfortunes might happen, therefore hope your Lordship will 
excuse my troubling you with it at this time. The form of the 
agreement is exactly like the one your Lordship made with my 
brother Joseph. 

"I am with due respect, Your Lordship's most humb. servt, 

"Charles Hoff, Junr. 

"To The Right Honorable The Earl of Stirling." 

Letter to General Knox 

"Hibernia Furnace, March 3rd, 1778. 
"Honorable Sir: As the Hibernia Furnace is like to be in 
blast by the 1st of June next, and having an opportunity by 

28 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

the bearer of writing to Camp, I think myself in duty bound 
to you and this continent, for services thrown in our way to 
cast military stores in the year 1776, to offer our service in that 
way this ensuing blast. Therefore should be extremely happy 
in executing any orders that I might receive at any time from 
you; and should be glad if you know of anything of that kind 
to be done at this time, you'd favour me with a written order 
per bearer. 

"I am, with due respect, Your huml. Servant, 

"Chas. Hoff, Junior. 

"Henry Knox, Esq., Brigadier General Artillery, Camp 
Valley Forge." 

Letter to Lord Stirling 

"Hibernia Furnace, March 20, 1778. 

"My Lord: Received your Lordship's letter (sent per Mr. 
Loft) of the 1 2th instant, wherein you recommend our be- 
ginning to blow by the 1st of May, if possible. As your Lord- 
ship says, 'The advantage of working the whole month of May 
is prodigiously great in the business of a blast/ which is truly 
the case were there a likelihood of making a long blast ; but as 
the number of hands we are allowed are few in comparison to 
what we formerly had to make preparations for a blast, and but 
very little time since they were engaged, it won't be possible 
to have more wood cut than will make out a blast of 4 or 5 
months, without a much greater number are allowed and the 
wood cutting carried on in the summer season. In that case, 
don't your Lordship think, as the blast is not likely to continue 
so long as usual, to put oft blowing till the pasture becomes 
good, so that the teams can get their living in the woods, with- 
out being at the expense of feeding them? To begin early 
to draw in the coal and draw as much as the team can bear 
from the wood-shed, get a clever, little stock of coal in the 
house, and begin to blow early enough to make out the stock, 
and from the time of beginning to go on with spirit, will be 
much better than to begin so early under the present circum- 
stances, as, by putting it off till then, will enable us to make 
all the necessary preparations completely before hand. This 
I submit to your Lordship's judgment, and shall be glad of 
your Lordship's directions as soon as may be convenient; in 
the meantime shall hurry every preparation for blowing by the 
1st of May, if possible, as your Lordship requests. 

"Your Lordship says that, 'as the Legislature of this State 
is upon a plan that will put an end to the frequent calling out 
of the militia, you are in hopes it will procure us plenty of 

Revolutionary Letters Concerning Hibcrnia Iron Furnace 29 

workmen/ Our having it in our power at the time to give ex- 
emption to 25 men is the only thing, my Lord, that induces the 
greater part of the men to work here that we now have, as 
they are farmers and have left their farms to come here solely 
to be clear of the militia and from no other motive. This I 
have experienced, as I find they arc determined to shuffle away 
the time they are exempt and do as little business as they pos- 
sibly can. Should that exemption be revoked, I do not see how 
we should be supplied with workmen. If your Lordship could 
send some of the Regular and Hessian deserters that do not 
choose to enter into the Continental service and depend on 
working in the country, to the amount of 30 or 40, I could do 
my endeavor to make them serviceable. 

"Agreeably to your Lordship's request I enclose you the 
state of the book at last closing, also Messrs. Murray's, and 
with the Works particularly as it stands. Your Lordship men- 
tions the exchanging pig metal for bar iron. I expect to get 200 
pounds for it, which will be a very good price; it sells for no 
more in this country than 80 pounds. We are in debt for beef 
to William Nightzer, 16 pounds, and 21 pounds to John Stiles; 
for debts 95 pounds ; to John Miller, for salt, 56 pounds and 
51 shillings, had last fall and not yet paid for, which I am called 
on for frequently ; also the balance due the workmen of last 
year. I have also got about 50 barrels of flour up by the sled- 
ding this winter of Col. John Taylor of Germantown, and 
horsefeed to amount to 315 pounds, which he wants the money 
for in two weeks ; also John Cobb, Senior, for hay last fall, 40 
pounds. Please inform me whether I am to sell pig metal at 
the stated price to raise the money, or how I may get it as soon 
as possible. The sales of pig I enclose since October last. 

"Have J. Smith engaged to blow as head founder, who is 
greatly at a loss for an assistant keeper of the Furnace. The 
man that was keeper for Jas. Coulter here, is now in the army, 
in Capt. Mitchell's Company, Col. Martin's Regt. of 4 New 
Jersey Battalions. Should he be released, if only during the 
blast, he could willingly serve in that way at low wages, if your 
Lordship thought it proper. He understands that branch of 
business well and is a civil, honest man ; his name is Robert 

"I send this by John Hardcastle, who has complained some 
time of being ill, [which], together with the bad travelling, has 
prevented his going to Camp before. Mr. Jon. Stiles has two 
orders drawn on Messrs. Murray for between 50 and 60 pounds 
never paid; they were for provisions for the Works in 1776. 
He has called on me to pay them, together with his late ac- 

30 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

count. I gave for answer [that] I should advise your Lord- 
ship about them, as I had no orders to pay oil any debt amounts 
as yet. Please to inform me if it's your Lordship's pleasure 
they should be paid with the other amounts. 


"Chas. Hoff, Junior." 
[Concluded in Next Number] 

J* Jt J* & 


[Continued from Vol. VII, Page 232] 

Record of Joseph Kinnan 
Mary Kinnan, 1 widow of Joseph Kinnan of Somerset county, 
Bernards township : Husband was in Capt. McCoy's Co. and 
did much duty under him. Isaac Bedell saw him and his Co. 
going to Elizabethtown ; was in five months service under Capt. 
Baily (Bayles?), afterward Major. It was in 1776 in the 
Spring; this was before her marriage Jan. 8, 1778, by Mr. Roe, 
of Woodbridge. In this service he was marched to White 
Plains in New York, from whence he was brought home sick. 
The Long Island Battle was fought while this service lasted. 
Remember hearing him tell of burying Isaac Doty, who was 
killed in that battle and was his acquaintance. He was called 
out in two weeks after marriage to Elizabethtown under Capt. 
McCoy one month ; was at Monmouth Battle under him in 
1778; also at the Brandy wine Battle. He was at Vermcule's 
in the Winter of '/j. The family Bible having the record 
[of their marriage] was lost in her captivity with the Indians, 
when taken prisoner in 1791 in Tygart valley on the Monon- 
gahela in Virginia, where she moved with her husband in 1787. 
Her husband was there killed and she taken — one child also 
killed, one wounded and one escaped. She remained prisoner 
3 years and 3 months at head of the Maumee river, near Fort 
Wayne, and escaped before Wayne's Treaty. Witnesses who 

*For an interesting account of "Aunt Polly" Kinnan and her unique 
experiences among the Indians, who captured her in 1791 in Western 
Virginia, to which State she and her family removed in 1787, sec the 
"Somerset Co. Hist. Quarterly," Vol. I, p. 179. 

The Condict Revolutionary Record Abstracts (1836) 31 

may be called: N. Whitaker, Mr. McCollum, John Pennington, 
I. Bedell, John Hall, U. Sutton, Joseph Annin. Mrs. Tone 
will testify that Mr. Kinnan often trained under her father 
and knows he was a Sergeant and called "Sergeant Kinnan." 
Sutton lives at John Balman's on the road from Liberty Corner 
to Steele's Gap, about a mile beyond Galtry's (?) bridge. 

Isaac Bedell: Heard Kinnan often speak of his enlistment 
and services in the five months service and of his being in the 
Long Island Battle under Lord Stirling. In Sept., 'yy, saw 
him with Jacob Lewis, David Simpson and Thomas Kinnan 
under Capt. McCoy at Jacob Bedell's, then on their way to 
Elizabethtown, each having all muskets and accoutrements. In 
Feb., '78, was at work at Jacob Bedell's in Essex ; saw Kinnan 
with Capt. Parker of Vealtown and his Company returning 
from Elizabethtown on a Tour. Thomas Pvinnan, his cousin, 
was with him. 

Mary Kiyinan : Was aged 73 on Aug. 22 last ; married Feb. 
8, 1778. . . . Husband was under Winds at Quibbletown, 
and battles of Monmouth, Brandywine, Springfield and Con- 
necticut Farms, and skirmishes at Ash Swamp, Short Hills, 
Millstone and Bound Brook; was also out when the Pennsyl- 
vania troops revolted ; believes he did not less than three months 
service in every year of the War — in all not less than 24 or 26 
months and was always a Sergeant. 

Record of Constant Victor King 

Adah King, widow of above, aged y6 on Sept. 6, 1836. King 
was an Ensign for the five months service under Capt. N. Luse 
in 1776, and served in New York and Long Island under Col. 
Martin. Has often seen his commission with a great seal, and, 
as she thinks, signed by Gov. Livingston. He was deputy sher- 
iff for years, was married Mar. 16, 1780. Her sister, Beavers, 
the only living witness. Her husband died Nov., 1800. King 
was out on militia service after marriage ; was at Springfield 
Battle ; has been shown the ground of the fight by her husband, 
who described the fight to her ; often fitted him out for duty. 
Henry Clark will testify to his service at Elizabethtown in 
April, 1777, and at Acquakanonk in Fall of '7S or '79; was 
there himself. 

32 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

Isaac Bedell: Have seen Victor King on duty in March, 
1778, at Elizabethtown ; lay at Ball's house. King was an offi- 
cer — Lieut. King, and was so called. Several times he [Be- 
dell] was placed as a sentry in the night by King, in March, 
'78. Again saw him on duty as an officer on an alarm in April 

Ephraim Carncs: Knew Capt. Luse, and Ensign and Lieut. 
King; often saw them and their Company in militia service in 
Elizabethtown, Rahway, Quibbletown, Vermeule's, Connecti- 
cut Farms, Acquackanonk, Hackensack, Newark and Spring- 
field ; were both in five months service under Col. Martin. 
King was frequently Adjutant to Regiment under Drake and 

Record of Jacob Thompson 

Jacob Thompson: Age, in 90th year; born 2nd Sept. In 
1776 belonged to Capt. Shadrack Pierson's Co.; was Orderly 
Sergeant and drew provisions for the Company. First Tour 
at Elizabeth Town in seedtime, '76, one month ; in tents, throw- 
ing up breast works, picket at Point. Large body of militia 
from whole country, under Col. Ford. Second Tour at Spring- 
field in the Fall, under Capt. Cook or Artemas Day. Third 
Tour at Elizabeth Town in Nov. Capt. Cook was not well 
enough to follow in the mud rounds and was dismissed in bad 
health. Fourth Tour, second year of War, 'yy, at Springfield, 
or the hills under Winds ; under Capt. Dod one month. Fifth 
Tour at Second River, Bergen county, Winds; at bridge one 
month ; went in sight of British camp. Sixth Tour on Succa- 
sunny Plains, guarding baggage taken from Burgoync; went 
as far as Pompton ; Capt. Dod ; always Sergeant and drew pro- 
visions. Seventh Tour in '78, at Elizabeth Town in March; 
Captain Cook, Lieut. King. Eighth Tour when Hessians were 
taken near Springfield ; Capt. Day ; year uncertain but in Fall ; 
was out once or twice under Col. Ford at Springfield. 

Isaac Bedell: Knew Thompson was in July, '76, at Bergen; 
at Paulus I look before British landed ; again in 'jj at Acquack- 
anonk under Stanbury. . . . 

[Other witnesses were: John Johnson, Ephraim Carnes, Job 
Loree, etc.] 

The Condict Revolutionary Record Abstracts (1836) 33 

Memopanda as to Richard Roff 

Henry W. Little applies for RofT, who is living at New Prov- 
idence. He served in the Revolution and in the late [181 2-*r 5 ] 
War. Col. Martin and Col. Schenck, Capt. McCoy and Capt. 
Layton were his officers ; also Ten Eyck, Jaques, etc. 

Record of Daniel Guard 

Hannah Guard, his widow: Daniel died Jan. 18, 1824; was 
a pensioner of 1818 at $90 per annum. Enlisted during the 
War and served at first for one year and then for during the 
War, under Capt. Dickerson, Dayton, Barber or Col. Martin. 
Were married Jan. 26, 1780, at Parsippany by 'Squire Minton 
before War closed ; discharge sent to Washington with pen- 
sion papers. Was shot through his left arm; ball lodged in 
his sleeve and w r as kept for years; wound received on Staten 
Island. She was born Apr. 9, 1760. Raised a large family, 
3 sons and 6 daughters — 7 living. After his wound Daniel 
was Commissary, being unable to carry arms. [Corroborating 
witnesses: Jeremiah and Seth Fairchild]. 

Memoranda as to Peter Mushalea 

Elizabeth, his wife, was pensioner under law of 181S. He 
died nine years ago, Sept. 4 [1827 ?]. Married in 1784 or 
'85. Raised family of children. 

Record of Bethuel Farrand 

James Kitchcl: Knew Farrand well on Long Island on ar- 
rival of British fleet; in 5 months service; was a Lieut, in Capt. 
Bates' Co. ; was a sharpshooter. Saw him often on duty at 
Elizabeth Town, Newark, Springfield, Rahway. He recruited 
men for 5 months service and came to Kitchell to join and to 
purchase guns. Farrand was in Washington's retreat. In a 
3 months service Kitchell was under Capt. Josiah Hall and 
lay near Woodbridge and Quibbletown. Knew him at New 
Brunswick and Vermeule's under Col. E. Lindsley and Gen. 
Winds ; he was a militiaman throughout the War and on duty 
in every year from 1776 to close of War. Kitchell's father 
married Farrand's sister as a second wife. 


34 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

Deacon S. Cook: Farrand lived 3 miles from him; no doubt 
he was Lieut, in Jonas Ward's Co., but never saw his com- 
mission. [Otherwise corroborates]. [Jeremiah Howell also 
corroborates ; also Deacon John Ball and John Esler, who heard 
of him on duty under Col. Sylvanus Seely and was often with 

Farrand 's Widow : Lieut. Bethuel Farrand served : July, 
1776, Lieut, in Capt. Seely's Co., 5 months; in Long Island 
Battle under Col. Munson. In Oct., 'yy, at Red Bank ; previous 
Winter under Capt. Jonas Ward ; afterward under Capt. Bald- 

Record of Jacob Post 

John Esler: Knew Post; lived at. Rockaway ; remembers him 
on Tour at Red Bank ; he was also out on all occasions with 
Jersey militia at Elizabeth Town, Newark, Quibbletown, Ver- 
meule's, Springfield, etc. ; often was in same Co. with him. 
Post was at Monmouth and Springfield Battles, skirmish at 
Ash Swamp, Martin's woods, Short Hills, etc. 

Luke Miller: Was in same Militia Co. as Post; lived next 
door and were boys together from 7 years upward at Bottle 
Hill. Was with him at Minnisink under Winds. 

Jacob Post: Declares for 26 months from 1777; in Col. 
Cook's, afterward Col. Seely's Regiment. One month under 
Capt. Stephen Day at Elizabeth Town ; one month under Bates 
at Newark ; three months under Jonas Ward at Newark ; one 
month under Debs at Monmouth Battle ; three months under 
Doremus ; one month at Elizabeth Town ; one at Paulus Hook ; 
one at Quibbletown ; three months under Jonas Ward at Great 
Falls (Paterson) ; six months under Ward at Newark — Major 
Hays ; three months under Capt. Munson ; has been pensioned 
for 9 months. [Corroborated by Capt. I. Baldwin and Wind- 
sor Johnson]. 

Corroborative of Various Records 

Robert Young: Was well acquainted with Capt. Luse and 
Victor King. Served under Luse at Elizabeth Town, Blazing 
Star near Rahway, Connecticut Farms, and was in a skirmish 

Glimpses of "Camp Liberty'' in 1814 35 

under him the Winter of 1776- '7 when the army, under Winds, 
was at Vermeule's near Quibbletown ; saw him under other 
officers, as Young, Lacey, Cozad, Cook, Day and others, from 
beginning to end of War. Young was enlisted for a year's 
service and went under Winds as far as Ticondcroga in Winter 
of '75 and '6 ; had smallpox there badly, returned and served in 
Long Island Battle. He was at Red Bank when the fort was 
blown up by our men. Knew Luse and King before the War ; 
brought up 3 or 4 miles apart. King generally was Adjutant on 
parade. Knew Capt. Joseph Lindsley and his Co. of Artificers 
in '75 in Winter. G. O'Hara and Samuel Leonard were in his 
Company. O'Hara afterward and J. Beach were troopers un- 
der Arnold and did troopers' duty as long as the War lasted. 
Remembers them at Strawberry Hill near Amboy. Hi IT and 
Mee, two noted Refugee leaders, were taken with many of their 
associates, lodged in Morristown gaol, and some were hanged by 
Sheriff Carmichael, viz., Iliff and Mee ; 35 were condemned, 
and those who were pardoned were branded in the hand. Knew 
Capt. S. Baldwin, an uncle to his [Young's] first wife. Bald- 
win's wife was Capt. Losey's sister. Franklin Titmouse mar- 
ried a relative. Lie belonged to Kinney's and Arnold's Horse 
in '74, and afterward became a Capt. and raised men. Thomas 
Osborne was his Lieut., or Ensign. Knew Baldwin through the 
War at all posts along the frontier from Hackensack to Xew 
Brunswick; at Monmouth Battle, Springfield, Farms, etc., 
Bethuel Farrand was a blacksmith, and I worked with him at 
the trade . . . ; was intimately acquainted with him on all 
the fights and skirmishes. Remember Jacob Casterline at Conn. 
Firms and Springfield in May and June, 1780. 
[To be Continued] 

o* «£* *>* «^* 


So little has been written concerning the part of New Jer- 
sey in the War of iSi2-'i5 that we have been pleased to look 
over some letters from a Captain in that War written from 
"Camp Liberty," located at Sandy Hook. The subject of how 

36 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

our people viewed the matter of the War, and especially what 
was done to shield our coast, particularly in the vicinity of New 
York, from the foreign enemy, has never been fully treated. 
but ought to be. In connection with these few private letters 
it is sufficient now to say that no engagement actually occurred 
on the soil of New Jersey, and that our State did aid strongly 
in defense of both New York City and Philadelphia. 

We do not know the exact location of "Camp Liberty," but 
it was not far north of what is now denominated the Atlantic 
Highlands. General William Colfax had a brigade at the 
Highlands, and he probably commanded where the Company 
to which the writer of these letters was attached. The writer 
of the letters was Capt. John Logan, of near Peapack, who 
was born June 8, 1774, and was commissioned Captain (with 
54 men) of the Third Regiment of New Jersey Detailed Militia 
(all from Somerset county) on Sept. 12, 1814. It is stated in 
the official register that he was stationed at Paulus (Powles) 
Hook, but he certainly dated all his letters from Sandy Hook, 
except the last. He was the son of Capt. William Logan, of 
Somerset county, whose line is given in the Department of 
"Queries and Miscellany" in this issue. From Capt. John 
Logan's letters, written to his wife, who was Jane Burgie be- 
fore marriage, we extract the following : 

"Sandy Hook, Camp Liberty, Oct. 19, 1S14. 
"Yesterday there were two British frigates in sight all day, 
and about 6 o'clock we were persuaded to march four men 
through the ranks at the point of the bayonet according to the 
sentence of a court-marshal ; and while we were engaged in 
this business I saw a vessel which our men called an Ameri- 
can vessel. It appeared to be against Castler's, hugging close 
to the shore as possible, when [one] frigate began to fire on 
her. The gunboats ran up the river and crossed ( ?) the beach, 
and our rifle companies pushed on to their assistance. We still 
kept on as close to the shore as possible, when the British still 
fired on them, and the Block House fired their long gun on the 
British, which made them move to a greater distance, but 
[they] still fired. But one vessel came on safely and proved 
to be a prize taken by a privateer from Baltimore, loaded with 
wine, sugar and coffee. When sure of escaping [it] hoisted 
British colors and the American flag above them. It was a 

Glimpses of "Camp Liberty" in 1S14 37 

pleasing sight to us, but we did not show ourselves to them 

This above letter is not very clear as to the number of vessels 
seen in all, but is given as written. 

"Sandy Hook, Camp Liberty, Oct. 21, 1814. 
"I expect to be discharged by the middle of the month of 

November, or before, perhaps sooner Lieutenant 

Rappleyea and Rynear Van Nest, sergeant, lodge with me in 
my markee [marquee], so that we have three blankets and 
lodge pretty well. We had an alarm last night as I was going 
the grand rounds. I think that there were between twenty and 
thirty muskets fired at Col. Seward's Regiment near the light 
house. I immediately ran to my Company in the camp, called 
them up to parade and dealt out to them 12 cartridges per man, 
and waited for orders. Capt. McCoy was sent with his Rifle 
Company to make what discovery he could ; heard nothing of 
it there; and we, hearing nothing more like mischief, were 
suffered to go to rest again. Dennis Van Duyn being here 
asked me for a musket that he might join us, which I furnished 
him, and he threw off his great coat and fell in the ranks until 
we were dismissed." 

"Sunday Morning, Oct. 30, 1814, Camp Liberty, Sandy 

"Brother David arrived into camp night before last between 
9 and 10 o'clock with four deserters. . . .1 am appoint- 
ed member of a general court-martial at the headquarters, 
which is at the lighthouse and is about three miles from this 
camp, where I have to attend every day at ten o'clock, and do 
not know how long it will be before I will be cleared from that 
business. The Colonel and all the officers have sent to the Gov- 
ernor to try to know how long we will have to stay here before 
we are discharged, but Capt. Holliday, who went, brought a 
letter from the Governor to General [Governor] Tompkins at 
New York, who has the command of us [and] where the same 
will be sent, when we expect to know something about the time 
of our discharge. An American war privateer and the Ameri- 
can sloop of war Peacock went in by here yesterday for New 
York. I found a man drowned by the edge of the sea as I 
was returning home, having walked with Colonel Rpppleyea, 
who had been on a visit to his son, the Lieutenant of my Com- 
pany. It was about 8 o'clock at night when I found him, and 
I all alone. I came to camp after I had drawn him out of the 
water, and informed the Colonel, when 9 or 10 officers with the 

38 Proceedings Nczv Jersey Historical Society 

Doctor went to him and brought him to camp and held a court 
of inquiry over him, and then sent him home to his friends 
beyond Monmouth Courthouse. He belonged to Capt. Cono- 
ver's Company ; had been home and was just returning to camp; 
had a wife and five children. . . . The weather is pretty 
cold to live in tents, but I do not go to a fire at all, which I 
think the best way here." 

"Headquarters, Jersey City, Nov. 17, 181 4. 
"We struck our tents on Sandy Hook last Tuesday about 9 
o'clock, went aboard of the boats and got under way about one, 
and arrived at the dock at this place about 12 at night. Yes- 
terday we got in the barracks. We are very much crowded at 
present, but are in hopes to have another room in two or three 
days. Capt. Ditmars Conover and myself, with Lieuts. Rap- 
pleyea, Burgie. and one more that I have forgotten the name of, 
at present lodge in a room together. Col. Frelinghuysen has 
hired a house, and the most of the officers have begun to board 
there together ; have a cook and waiter and board themselves. 
This is a very busy day here among the officers, they having to 
make out new pay rolls, none in our Battalion having passed 
but my own. We expect to receive two months pay as soon as 
they get them made out right, or at least in two or three days. 
. . . I have not received any pay yet, but expect to have it 
very soon." 

Capt. Logan and his Company were discharged on Decem- 
ber 9, 1814. 

JF- Jm «£• • • <Ji 


William Bowen Boulton, of Morristown, N. J., died sud- 
denly Sept. 17, 1922, while delivering an address at the Com- 
munity Singing at Burnham Park, Morristown. He was Presi- 
dent of the Morristown Trust Company, and a leader in all 
civic and philanthropic affairs in that city. He was the husband 
of Louise Kelly Boulton and the son of the late William G. 
and Mary E. Boulton, and was in his 64th year. Mr. Boulton 
was a member of the Board of Fish and Game Commissioners 
of the State, and, as Chairman of the National Game Con- 
ferences of the American Game Protective Association, had 
been a leader in them for six Years. He belonged to some of 

Necrology of Members 39 

the most famous shooting clubs in America, and was par- 
ticularly devoted to wild-fowl and upland game — bird shooting 
and to fishing. He gave both time and money in the support of 
migratory bird legislation, etc., before Congress. He became a 
member of the New Jersey Historical Society July 12, 1920. 

Mrs. Ruth Elizabeth (Tichenor) Fairchild, of Parsip- 
pany, N. J., died May 25, 1922. She was the eldest daughter 
of James Hedden Tichenor and Lydia Tuttle (Nuttman) 
Tichenor, and was born Nov. 21, 1834, at Newark, N. J. She 
was a lineal descendant of Martin Tichenor, one of the first 
settlers of Newark, from whom the Newark family, and, per- 
haps, all persons of the name in this country are descended. 
She was placed in the best private schools in Newark and later 
in New York. On June 13, 1866, she married Dr. Richard 
Van Wyck Fairchild, a practising physician of Parsippany. 
Dr. Fairchild was a descendant of Caleb Fairchild, who located 
in Whippany, N. J., in 1735, and of George C. BrinkerhofF, who 
bought a large tract of land in Parsippany in 1795, and gave 
its name, Hybla Hill, to the home later occupied by Mrs. Fair- 
child. Dr. Fairchild died in 1S74, two years after the death of 
his father, Dr. Stephen Fairchild, a skillful and beloved phy- 
sician with whom he was associated in practice. Dr. Stephen 
Fairchild's practice extended over a large territory, and he rode 
on horseback with saddle bags on either side, in which he car- 
ried medicines and other paraphernalia needed in his practice. 
Dr. Fairchild, Sen., was the first to practice homeopathy in his 
section of New Jersey. His son decided that there was good 
in both allopathy and homeopathy and connected himself with 
Eclectic Societies in Philadelphia and in New York. 

A few months after the death of Dr. R. V. W. Fairchild the 
old colonial homestead burned to the ground, with the greater 
part of its contents. The house occupied by Mrs. Ruth E. 
Fairchild until her death was built on the site of the old home. 
Many interesting things were saved from the old house, how- 
ever, among them minatures of early New Jersey people, in- 
cluding one of John Jacob Faesch, one of the first iron-masters ; 
books printed in this State in colonial times ; various docu- 

40 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

ments, among which may be instanced original land grants and 
the manumission papers of slaves. Mrs. Fairchild gave heir- 
looms of the Brinckerhofi, Fairchild and Ashfield families to 
the New Jersey Historical Society during her lifetime, and be- 
queathed still others to it at her death, together with a sum of 
money. She devoted much of her life to charities, and was 
connected with various local and State social organizations. 
She was a Life Member of the Society of the Daughters of 
the American Revolution and Regent of the Parsippanong 
Chapter for many years, always acting as its delegate to the 
National Conventions, her intense interest in things historical 
and her handsome appearance making her a most acceptable 
representative. At her request many valuable papers on the 
history of Parsippany and Troy were written by members of 
her Chapter. Mrs. Fairchild was elected a member of the New 
Jersey Historical Society in 1892, and became a Life Member 
in 1897. For many years she was an officer of the Woman's 

Peter Hauck, Jr., died at his home, 155 Prospect street, 
East Orange, Sept. 13, 1922. He was born in Harrison Ave.. 
Harrison, N. J., Oct. 6, 1872, and was educated in the Newark 
Academy and St. Benedict's College, and took a course in a 
school of chemistry in New York City. He later became as- 
sociated with his father in the brewery business, and became 
President of the Essex County Brewing Company, the Home 
Brewing Company, and eventually the Hauck Nut Butter Com- 
pany, besides heading Peter Hauck & Co. He was a director of 
the West Hudson County Trust Company of Harrison. He 
was a polo enthusiast. For some years Mr. Hauck was Presi- 
dent of the Holy Name Society of the Church of Our Lady 
Help of East Orange. Besides his wife, Elizabeth C. Smith, 
daughter of ex-U. S. Senator James Smith, Jr.. whom he mar- 
ried Nov. 24, 1896, he is survived by six children: Mrs. David 
B. Warren and the Misses Elizabeth, (Catherine, Josephine, Ce- 
cile and James S. Hauck, all of East Orange. His mother, 
Mrs. Mary Hauck, of Harrison, and two sisters, Mrs. Michael 
T. Barrett, of East Orange, and Mrs. Bradford M'jrrill, of 

Necrology of Members 41 

Great Neck, Long Island, also survive. He became a member 
of the New Jersey Historical Society in 191 1. 

Dr. Charles W. F. Holrrook, dentist, of 33 Saybrook 
Place, Newark, died Sept. 18, 1922, after being in failing health 
for about a year. He was born about 1854, the son of Mr. 
and Mrs. Albert Holbrook, of that city. After attending New- 
ark schools, Dr. Holbrook studied dentistry at the Baltimore 
Dental College, and more than forty years ago opened an office 
in Newark. He was once an active member of the New Jersey 
Dental Society. Surviving him are two sisters, Mrs. J. R. 
Johnson and Mrs. C. Durand Chapman, and one brother, Albert 
B. Holbrook. Mrs. Chapman, whose husband was a well 
known artist, was in Russia at the time of her brother's death. 
Mr. Holbrook became a Life Member of the New Jersey His- 
torical Society Jan. 28, 1896. 

Francis Whiting Jackson, of East Orange, N. J., died at 
his home there, 125 South Grove street, on February 28, 1922. 
He was the son of Dr. Francis Henry Jackson and Frances 
(Weldon) Jackson, and was born in New York City March 
20, 1 841. His early education was in the public schools of the 
latter city and Brooklyn, and at boarding schools in Florida 
and at Ballston Spa, N. Y. He enlisted at the beginning of the 
Civil War in the Seventh N. Y. Regiment, and served for a 
short time. For the past 57 years he was identified with the 
Equitable Life Assurance Society, entering the office as an 
accountant, becoming later auditor, and after other official po- 
sitions, became its acting deputy comptroller. He retired in 
191 7. His wife was Miss Adeline Egbert of Staten Island, 
who died thirteen years ago. Besides being a Civil War veter- 
and he was a member of Lafayette Post G. A. R., and of Da- 
mascus Commandery Knights Templar. He became a member 
of the New Jersey Historical Society May 21, 1874, and a Life 
Member in 1897. 

Dr. Gerrit John Kollen, who died Sept. 5, 1 1 5 , has only 
been recently reported to the New Jersey Historical Society as 

42 Proceedings Nciv Jersey Historical Society 

deceased ; hence the delay in this notice. He was born in Hol- 
land and came in 1851 to this country, locating in Allegan Co., 
Mich. He received his A. B. degree at Hope College in 1S68, 
and in 1871 received the A. M. degree. In 1894 he received 
his LL.D., from Rutgers College. He married in 1879, Mary 
W. Van Raalte, the daughter of Rev. Dr. A. C. Van Raalte, 
who founded the City of Holland, Mich., and also Hope Col- 
lege. From iS/i-'/S he was Assistant Professor of Mathe- 
matics and Natural Philosophy, and from i878-'93 he was Pro- 
fessor of Applied Mathematics and Political Economy at Hope 
College. Then he was made the President of the College, 
which position he held until 191 1, when he became President 
'Emeritus. He was a member of the Board of Education of 
the Reformed Church in America. In 1906 he became a Knight 
of the Order of Orange Nassau. In 191 3 he was the U. S. 
delegate to the International Opium Conference at The Hague. 
He became a Life Member of the New Jersey Historical So- 
ciety in 1903. 

Emerson McMillin, of near Mahwah, N. J., his country 
home, died there May 31, 1922. He was head of the banking 
house of Emerson McMillin & Co., 120 Broadway, New York 
City, Chairman of the Board of Directors of the American 
Light and Traction Co., and President of a dozen other lighting 
and traction concerns throughout the country. He died of 
pneumonia, following two years of poor health. Mr. Mc- 
Millin was born April 16, 1844, at Ewington, Ohio, and was 
the son of a manager of iron furnaces. He went to work in 
a furnace when twelve years old, and spent a four-year ap- 
prenticeship. He managed to study after working hours, and 
to his habit of scientific research attributed much of his success. 
Entering the Union Army at the age of 18, he fought through- 
out the Civil War, being wounded three times and winning a 
commission through gallant conduct under fire. Of his five 
brothers also in the service three were killed. For ten years 
or so after the Civil War he was engaged in iron and steel 
manufacturing, becoming manager or President of several 
works in the Ohio Valley. Thereafter for the rest of his life 

Necrology of Members 43 

he bent his energies to the acquirement, development and con- 
solidation of gas properties. The banking house he established 
in 1891 was of a sort then rather new in banking circles, special- 
izing in the purchase and merging of gas interests. He was 
always a strong believer in the consolidation of competing con- 
cerns ; on one occasion is cited the instance of a merger brought 
about by him in St. Louis, by which four gas companies selling 
their product at from $1.00 to $2.50 a thousand feet, com- 
bined, made double their former net profit. He was also an 
art collector of unusual discernment. His paintings, sold in 
January, 191 3, for $442,395, were described by Thomas E. 
Kirby as the finest collection of American and foreign pictures 
ever sold in this country. At this sale the "Orpheus and 
Eurydice" of Corot brought $75,200. He supported with his 
own efforts and fortune many enterprises for civic betterment, 
notably the Arbitration Society of America, which recently in- 
augurated a process for the arbitration of civil disputes free 
from the delay and expense of legal tribunals. Mr. McMillin 
was President of that Society. The family of Mr. McMillin 
surviving are his son, Marion McMillin, and three daughters, 
Miss Maud McMillin, Mrs. Estelle Traverso, of Florence, 
Italy, and Mrs. Marian McMillin Norton of Santa Barbara, 
California. He was elected a Life Member of the New Jersey 
Historical Society May 12, 1920. 

William Pennington, of Newark, died suddenly Nov. 6, 
1922. He was a son of Capt. Edward R. and Charlotte Garth- 
waite Pennington, and was born Jan. 11, 1866, in Newark. He 
was a grandson of Gov. William Pennington and a great- 
grandson of Gov. William Sandford Pennington. He was ed- 
ucated at the Newark Academy, and afterwards entered the 
law office of Whitehead and Condit, with which he was con- 
nected for many years. He was admitted to the New Jersey 
Bar in November, 18S8, and always practiced in Newark, more 
recently in the Kinney Bldg. He was active in politics and 
was a member of the House of Assembly in 1904- 1905. In 
1908 he became President of the Common Council of Newark, 
an office to which he was re-elected in 1910. He was Vice- 

44 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

President of the Society of the Cincinnati in the State of New- 
Jersey and one of the Trustees of the Revolutionary Memorial 
Society of New Jersey. Mr. Pennington never married. He 
became a Life Member of the New Jersey Historical Society 
in 1903. 

Edward Taylor Hunt Talmage, of Bernardsville, N. J., 
died at the Memorial Hospital, Morristown, Oct. 5, 1922, in 
his 56th year. He was a son of the late Dr. John Frelinghuy- 
sen Talmage and Margaret (Hunt) Talmage of Brooklyn, a 
grandson of Thomas Talmage of near Somerville, N. J., and 
a second cousin of the late noted T. DeWitt Talmage, D. D. 
lie was until a few years since an investment broker in New 
York City, residing in the Winter at 15 East 69th street, and 
recently in Summer at Bernardsville. His wife was a Miss 
Mary B. Prentice, of a well-known Brooklyn family, who, with 
two sons, Edward T. H., Jr., and Prentice, and one daughter, 
Caroline, survive him. He was a member of various New 
York City clubs and societies, including the Sons of the Revolu- 
tion and the Society of Colonial Wars. He became a member 
of the New Jersey Historical Society in 191 5. 

Bishop Cortlaxdt Whitehead, of the Episcopal Diocese 
of Pittsburgh, died Sept. 18, 1922, at the Prospect House, Ni- 
agara Falls, from an attack of heart disease suffered on a train 
on which he and Mrs. Whitehead were returning from a vaca- 
tion in Rhode Island. The Bishop was born Oct. 30, 1842, 
and was the son of William Adee Whitehead, one of the foun- 
ders, and for a long period (1845-1884), in fact from its organ- 
ization until his death, the Corresponding Secretary of the New 
Jersey Historical Society. His mother was Margaret Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Hon. James Parker of Perth Amboy, a sister 
to the late well-known lawyer, Hon. Cortlandt Parker, of New- 
ark, N. J. His grandfather was William Whitehead, the first 
cashier of the Newark Banking & Insurance Co., the first bank 
chartered in New Jersey. Bishop Whitehead was born in New 
York City. He attended the Pingry School in Elizabeth and 
the Newark Academy. Entered Williams College, and later 

Historical Notes and Comments 45 

Yale University, and was graduated from the latter in 1866. 
After attending the Philadelphia Divinity School he was or- 
dained a priest at Black Hawk, Col., in 1868, and until 1870 
served as a missionary in that State. Fro.n 1870 until 1882 he 
was rector of the Church of the Nativity at South Bethlehem, 
Pa. In the latter year he was consecrated Bishop of Pitts- 
burgh. At the time of his death he was the third oldest mem- 
ber of the House of Bishops of the Episcopal Church, having 
been born, as stated, in 1842. He was chairman of the Commis- 
sion named to revise and modernize the Episcopal prayer book 
and the beginning of his heart trouble is attributed byhis friends 
to his zeal in performing the work connected with the revision. 
He was prostrated by the heat during June, but despite the re- 
monstrances of relatives and associates continued with the 
work, which was considered by the triennial General Conven- 
tion which met in September last at Portland, Oregon. 

Bishop Whitehead was honored by several colleges with 
degrees, among them being the degree of B. D. by Union Col- 
lege in 1880, the degree of S. T. D. by Hobart College in 1887, 
and LL.D. by the University of Pennsylvania in 19 12. He 
was a member of the Pennsylvania Society of Colonial Wars, 
Order of Colonial Lords of the Manor. Union Society of the 
Civil War, Sons of the American Revolution and grand chap- 
lain of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania Masons. Besides his 
wife, a son and three daughters survive. Mrs. Whitehead was 
formerly Miss Charlotte B. King of Roxbury, Mass. The 
couple were married in July, 1868, just prior to Bishop White- 
head's going to Colorado as a missionary. He became an Hon- 
orary Member of the New Jersey Historical Society in 1SS2. 

^m ^m ^m ^t 


A Fine Western Tribute to Dr. Scott 

The death of Dr. Austin Scott, as stated in articles in our 
last issue, brought forth many fine tributes to his memory, and 
especially to his wondrous powers as a teacher of history, some 
of which were voiced before the venerable New Brunswick 

46 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

History Club, of which he was long President, and others 
through various channels. One of the finest tributes we have 
yet seen came from a Western Professor, who, however, was 
a native Jerseyman, Prof. James Westfall Thompson, of the 
Department of History in the University of Chicago. In part 
he wrote to the "Rutgers Alumni M01 Uily" for November 
last as follows : 

"We all of us owe more to every one of these teachers than 
we can appreciate or acknowledge. But, speaking from my 
own personal experience, of those who have laid down the book 
and the pen but whose works follow them, the greatest of these 
was Austin Scott. There was actually more truth than of 
humor in the cheer we used to give outside his classroom door: 
'One-two-three ! Great Scott.' I owe to him my first, greatest 
and most lasting intellectual interest, the study of history. The 
teaching of history has been my profession for nearly thirty 
years. In this time I have met many teachers of the subject, 
but I have yet to meet a better or a greater instructor than he. 
The inspiration which he imparted as far back as my sopho- 
more year is still an abiding force. In knowledge of the sub- 
ject, ability to convey it to his students, enthusiasm, tact and 
sense of humor (the last an important ingredient of successful 
teaching) Dr. Scott was a remarkable man. But his influence 
radiated far beyond the walls of his class room. He was an 
asset to the life of the college and to the community in which 
he dwelt. Wherever Rutgers men are to be found who were 
graduated within the past forty years (and they are in many 
lands) Austin Scott's influence must persist. Through them 
his line is drawn out through all the earth and his words unto 
the end of the world. Truly it may be said of him that he 
kept the faith as a teacher and as a man. If ever a man wrought 
nobly it was Dr. Scott. He wrote little, but he studied much 
and he gave generously out of the wisdom of experience of a 
deep and rich soul. He wrote not upon a page, but upon the 
minds and hearts of his students and his friends. Certainly 
every Rutgers man if he will look into his own soul must per- 
ceive below the gloss, the inspirations and the aspirations, the 
strivings and the victories registered in characters originally 
traced there by him." 

There are thousands in this State who recognize that Dr. 
Scott, though one of the humblest of men in many ways, was 
one of those really great men of New Jersey, of the class who 
"fitly constitute the State." 

Historical A r otcs and Comments 47 

The Death of Henry S. Haines 

While not a member of our Society, yet mention should be 
made in these pages of the death of one of the best posted his- 
torians and most capable officials in the lower-central portion of 
our State — Mr. Henry S. Haines. Mr. Haines died on June 
25, 1922, at his home, 232 High street, Burlington. He was 
the only son of the late Dr. Isaac S. Haines, and a direct de- 
scendant of some of the first English settlers in New Jersey. 
His wife w>as Miss Josephine Roach, of Philadelphia, who died 
Dec. 24, 1921. He was born in Philadelphia April 24, 1835, 
so that he had passed his 87th year. For forty years past he 
was the Surveyor-General of the West Jersey Proprietors. He 
was also the first superintendent and engineer of the Burlington 
Water Works, city engineer of Burlington for many years, and 
founder in 1871, and at the time of his death secretary, of the 
Farmers' & Mechanics' Building and Loan Association of Bur- 
lington. He wrote much and well on a variety of historical 
subjects; most recently on the houses of High, Union and 
Broad streets and Delaware avenue in Burlington. He also 
prepared a history of that city, but always refused its publica- 
tion, on the ground that it was not as complete in form as it 
should be. While not of college education, having early in life 
taken up surveying and engineering, he was so well self-edu- 
cated as to be acquainted with some of the dead and several 
modern languages, and also with various of the sciences and 
arts. He was long prominent in Masonic circles, holding its 
highest office in this State, and an active Knights Templar, and 
was instrumental in the establishment of the State Masonic 
Home in Burlington. His church membership was in the 
Society of Friends. The loss of such a man is a distinct loss 
to the State, as well as to the city of his life-work and love. 
Happily he leaves three gifted children, a son and two daugh- 
ters, who are worthy successors to perpetuate his memory and 

The "County Constitution" of Gloucester County 

There appeared in the December "New Jersey Law Journal" 
an article from Dr. Godfrey's pen upon certain errors and 

48 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

omissions in Learning & Spicer's "Grants and Concessions." 
Those interested, or owning that work, should read the full 
article. Among other things the Doctor says : 

"In my endeavor to ascertain the origin of Gloucester coun- 
ty, I was surprised to find in such standard histories as Micklc's 
'Reminiscences of Old Gloucester,' Mulford's 'Civil and Po- 
litical History of New Jersey,' Tanner's 'Province of New 
Jersey' and Cushing and Shcppard's 'History of the Counties 
of Gloucester, Salem and Cumberland,' that there were no 
legislative sessions held in the Province of West New Jersey 
between November 25, 1685, and November 3, 1692; and that 
by reason of this circumstance, and other political disturbances 
in the Provincial government, the people of the Third and 
Fourth Tenths 'seized upon the first opportunity' of organizing 
the county of Gloucester by an instrument dated May 28, 16S6, 
which has become locally famous as the 'County Constitution.' 
This, according to such historians as Mickle, Gordon, and Lee, 
is 'the only county in New Jersey that can deduce its existence 
from a direct and positive compact between her inhabitants,' 
with 'full powers of legislation.' " 

He then goes on to show that there were Assembly Sessions 
from May 12 to 15, 1686, omitted by Learning & Spicer, as 
proved by the original MSS. in the office of the Secretary of 
State at Trenton, and that on May 15th "the West Jersey 
Assembly gave to the people residing in the 3rd and 4th Tenths 
permission to establish a Court in Gloucester county, to be held 
alternately at Newton and Red Bank, and appointed William 
Warner sheriff and John Reading clerk thereof." In con- 
sequence of this discovery, he says, "the beautiful theory set 
up by the historians regarding the making of the Gloucester 
'Constitution' and its legal importance crumbles." It seems to 
be clear that the Assembly acted first, but it is not so clear just 
when and how the counties of West Jersey were first con- 

A 10,000 Acre Park for New Jersey 

Our State has never had a Park of large dimensions, to be- 
long to the people of the whole State, but the notable gift to be 

Historical Notes and Comments 49 

made to it by Colonel and Mrs. Anthony R. Kuser, of Bcr- 
nardsville, will fill up this gap and render pleasure to the pres- 
ent and future generations. New York State has various 
large Parks, all readily accessible. This one, in the northerly 
portion of Sussex county, to contain over 10,000 acres, is not 
located as near the central portion of the State as would be 
desirable, but as it contains what cannot be exactly found in 
any other portion of New Jersey — a high range of mountains 
(one peak is 1,823 feet above the sea), views reaching into 
three States, water in streams and in a fine lake, wild birds 
(which are to be given a sanctuary forbidden to gunners) and 
proximity to various summer resorts — it deserves the com- 
mendation of all our people. Certainly the coming Legislature 
will accept the gift with gratitude to the donors. 

An Unpublished Washington Letter 

An historic letter written by George Washington from Con- 
tinental Army Headquarters at Morristown to Elbridge Gerry, 
member of Congress, in Philadelphia on Jan. 29, 1780, de- 
scribing the deplorable condition of the American Army at the 
time and urging preparedness as a means of achieving lasting 
peace, was made public for the first time in October last, at a 
public dinner in New York City to the English representatives 
of the Sulgrave Institution, which has in charge the Washing- 
ton family house at Sulgrave, England : 

"HdQs. Morristown, 29th Jan., 80. 

"Dear Sir: I received your obliging letter of the 12th. I 
am sorry to find that Congress had not at that time made any 
requisitions of men from the States, as it appears to me that 
the army without reinforcements, by the expiration of the in- 
listment of so many men and of the service of the new levies as 
they are called, will be much more reduced than will be com- 
patible with our interests and policy. It was in part from the 
probability that such an idea as the one you suggest to have 
obtained with some might take place, that I was induced to 
mention in my letter of the iSth of Nov. the essential difference 
between an army on paper and its real efficient force, and to 
illustrate the point by contrasting the columns oi the present 
fit for duty in the return transmitted, with that of the total. 

"The hopes indulged from the beginning of the contest to 


50 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

the present clay from time to time, that a peace would soon 
take place, have been the source at least of great expense, and 
they may still prove so and the means of protracting the war. 

"There is nothing so likely to produce peace as to be well 
prepared to meet the enemy — and from this persuasion, and 
the effect you justly observe, the contrary on our part might 
have on the mind of the Court of France and also on mat 
of Spain, I think it would be right for us to hold forth at lea-t 
every appearance of preparation and vigor, and really to do 
what our abilities and the circumstances of our finance may 
well justify. The latter I own is a most important considera- 
tion, but I cannot judge how far the state of it may or may not 
require retrenchment and a spirit of economy or, indeed, in- 
activity in our affairs. You will here even perceive by a letter 
to Congress, of the 18th by Baron Steuben, that I have again 
mentioned my opinion of the propriety of placing the army on 
a more respectable footing than it will be at the opening of 
the campaign without their interposition, and that I have offered 
the same in my letter to you, Mr. Livingston and Mr. Mat- 

"With respect to provision, the situation of the army is com- 
fortable at present on this head, and I ardently pray that it 
may never be again as it has been of late. We were reduced 
to a most painful and delicate extremity, such as rendered the 
keeping of the troops together a point of great doubt. The 
exertions of the Magistrates and inhabitants of this State were 
great and cheerful for our relief. 

"I have had my attention much engaged by a variety of 
pressing business and must rely on your indulgence to excuse 
an earlier acknowledgement of your favor. I am D. Sir, with 
great regard and esteem 

"Yr Most Obedt. Serv., 

"G. Washington." 

The Tablet to Thomas Gordon 

Pressure of other subjects have led us to lay aside until now 
a mention of the bronze tablet to Thomas Gordon, a "leading 
pioneer citizen of Perth Amboy," properly so described at its 
unveiling in St. Peter's Episcopal Church in that city on May 
14th last. Mr. David McGregor supplied, for the occasion, an 
admirable sketch of Gordon, and there took part in the exercises 
the Mayor, William C. Wilson, Judge Adrian Lyon, whose ad- 
dress was on "The Colonial Proprietors," Mr. Harold E. Pick- 
ersgill, the pastor, Rev. W. Northey Jones, Dr. William E. 

Historical Notes and Comments 51 

Ramsay and Mr. McGregor. The unveiling was by Mr. Louis 
Gordon Hamersley, of New York City, a descendant of Gor- 
don. The tablet bears this inscription, but all in small capitals : 

In Memory Of 


Of the Family of Straloch, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. 

Born at Pitlurg, April 17th, 1653; educated at King's College, 

Aberdeen ; 
Acquired a Proprietory Interest in East Jersey and Settled at 
Cedar Brook, Plainfield, 1684; moved to Perth Amboy 
1685, Where he Resided, A highly respected Citizen 
until his Death April 28th, 1722 (o. s.) 
Was a Commissioner of Court of Small Causes, Customs Officer 
and Assemblyman for Perth Amboy, High Sheriff of Middle- 
sex County, Deputy-Secretary, and First Surrogate of 
East Jersey, Speaker of the House of Assembly, 
Attorney-General, King's Counsellor, Treas- 
urer and Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Court of New Jersey ; also Secretary 
of the Board of Proprietors 
of East Jersey. 
A faithful Communicant, charter Vestryman and Generous 

Benefactor of Saint Peter's Episcopal Church. 
Exemplary in his Life and Conversation, and held in high es- 
teem for His Learning, Honesty, and Integrity ; he devoted 
his best energies to the peaceful upbuilding of the 
moral and material welfare of the land of his 
"He lived as long as he desired, as long as the fates allowed, 
thus neither was life burdensome nor death bitter." 
Erected by the Perth Amboy Caledonian Club on the 
Bi-centenary of his Death, May nth, 1722. 

Detroit's Great Historic Library 

Detroit, Michigan, has become possessed of one of the finest 
collection of American historical books and pamphlets in 
America, through the generosity of Clarence M. Burton, who 
spent fifty years in gathering the same together. The aggre- 
gate, which he gave to the city, occupies nearly an entire floor, 
and is said to number about 100,000 books and pamphlets, and 
500,000 unpublished documents. While considerable of the 
collection appertains to Detroit, yet the whole Northwest and 

52 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

much of the rest of the United States and Cam da arc. in lijded. 
Its genealogical feature is an important i ne, man)- of tl • 
works not being in the Library of Congress, because not c 
righted. The Public Library, its present owner, also issues an 
"Historical Collection Leaflet" each month, several of which 
may be examined in our own New Jersey ] I'istorical Society 
Library. The first number began with January, 1922. 

First Hunterdon Court Minutes 

Dr. Godfrey, of Trenton, reported sonic time ago the find 
of the first book of Minutes of the Hunterdon Courts, from 
June, 1714, to Mar. 8, 1721, it having been "in private pos- 
session" — whose, is not stated. As to the contents the Doctor 
thus comments : 

"The record, aside from routine matters and the annua! ap- 
pointment of township officers, contains much of historical in- 
terest. At the first meeting of this Court, on June 1, 1714, 
Daniel Sebring was commissioned ensign of the militia company 
in Amwell. The Justices at this session prohibited horse rac- 
ing within one mile of the Court during sittings. The Justices 
closed the day's session with 'God Save the Queen !' On the 
following morning the 'Court of Common Pleas' opened its 
session, which usually lasted a day or two. Every full day the 
Court generally held three sessions, the firs', at 8 o'clock in the 
morning, the second at 2 in the afternoon and the last at 8 in 
the evening. 

"On September 7, 1714, John Muirhead, high sheriff, in- 
formed the Court that there 'is no publick gole in this county ;' 
which condition was again represented to the Court by the 
sheriff on December 3, 1717. 

"The first liquor licenses were granted by the Court on De- 
cember 2, 171 5, to Ebenezer Howell, William Yard, and An- 
drew Heath. 

"It is of interest to Trenton folk that 'Trenton* is first men- 
tioned as such (not Trent Town, as many v. Titers would have 
it) on June 3, 1719. This is the earliest authentic date when 
the city of Trenton received its present name. 

"On September 1, 1719, the Court, which had theretofore 
met alternately at Maidenhead and Hopewell — except two oc- 
casions at Amwell — first Occupied the new courthouse, and 
there continued for many years, until it was removed to Flcm- 
ington some years after the Revolution." 

Historical Notes and Comments 53 

It is strongly to be hoped that many other old Court and 
various old Township records, long supposed to be irretrievably 
lost, may be found by the Doctor, who is the Secretary of the 
newly established New Jersey Public Record Commission. 
Some such, and also old Chosen Freeholders' minutes have been 
found already. 

A 175th Church Anniversary 

One of the very old churches in Central New Jersey, the 
Scotch Plains Baptist Church, was organized on Aug. 5, 1747. 
In the week beginning Oct. 15 last, it celebrated its 175th anni- 
versary, the month of August not being deemed suitable for 
this event. The Baptist families then living in the vicinity were 
identified with the Piscataway Baptist church. The distance 
and inconvenience in reaching the church was a large factor in 
deciding the members of that church living in Scotch Plains to 
ask for letters of dismission in order to establish a church at 
the latter place. It has had several buildings, the present fine 
structure having been dedicated in 1871. Various speakers, 
including the pastor, Rev. Dr. J. Madison Hare, made addresses 
during the week, and a large attendance proved the great in- 
terest of near and far Baptists in the exercises. Letters were 
read from President Harding and Hon. Charles E. Hughes, 
among many others. 

"The Old House on the Hill" 

Mr. Coleman Randolph, of Morristown, has issued an illus- 
trated brochure with the above title, it being an historical 
sketch of a house which was a frontier post, as well as "a head- 
quarters for loyal patriots to assemble," in Washington, Ky., 
where Col. Thomas Marshall (father of the more famous 
Chief Justice John Marshall) in 1783 and later acquired a 
tract of about 500,000 acres. It was his son, also named Thom- 
as, who built the house in question. This large pamphlet gives 
some extracts of concspondence between the Colonel and Gen. 
Washington in 17S9, and embodies a description of the con- 
flicts with the Indians in those early days in or about the por- 
tion of Kentucky of which it treats, with a necrology of the 
Marshall family of four generations buried near the old house. 

54 Proceedings Nav Jersey Historical Society 

The Frontispiece of the Crane Homestead 

As a frontipiece to this issue we reproduce an excellent 
Hire of the old Crane Homestead at Montclair, particular 
which were given in our last April number (p. 143). In 
article it was stated to have been built "about 1700, or a little 
later." It was, unfortunately, pulled down a number of y 
ago. However, the land on which it stood was recently deeded 
by its last owner to the Eagle Rock Chapter, D. A. R., and the 
Montclair Chapter, S. A. R., of Montclair, and by them was 
deeded to the town on Oct. 28th last, with appropriate exerci 1 
These exercises included the dedication and unveiling of a tab- 
let to George Washington, who used the house as a Headquar- 
ters Oct. 26 and 27, 1780, the tablet being affixed to a huge 
boulder. The park is to be used as a Memorial Park. 

^% W& ^¥ ^* 


Colton. — "Am trying to trace James Cohon, Sr., who m., 
1780, at Princeton, N. J., Achsea . He was a Revolution- 
ary soldier, drummer in Capt. John Schenck's 3rd Regt., Hun- 
terdon Militia ; died Feb. 20, 1806. Desire wife's name and his 
and her parentage." L. G. F. (Philadelphia). 

Goltry. — "Wanted, facts as to ancestry and dates of Oliver 
Goltry, b. Jan. 7, 1757; d. July 13, 1821 ; and of his wife, Amy 
Brown, b. April, 1757, and d. Oct. 26, 1828." 

K. G. P. (Millburn, N. J.). 

[Presumably he was the son of Oliver Goltry, of Somerset 
Co., who died in 1779, without a will. — Editor]. 

Waddell. — "I have noted the inquiry in the Proceedings of 
January last (p. 83), in regard to the Rev. Henry Waddell, 
who died in Trenton Jan. 20, 181 1. He was a brother of Col. 
William Waddell of New York City, and both were sons of 
John and Anne Waddell of that place. With the exception of 
the Rev. Henry and of my grandfather, William Coventry H. 
Waddell, who lived for a short time at Parsippafiy, N. J., be- 
tween 1830 and 1840, the family have all been residents of New 
York City." P. H. W. S. (Pittsburgh, Pa.). 

Queries and Miscellany 55 

Acting-Governor Habersham. — In our October number, 
1920 (Vol. V, p. 264) was an inquiry as to whether Acting- 
Governor James Habersham, of Savannah, Ga., was really 
buried, temporarily, in New York City, following his decease in 
New Brunswick, N. J. We have recently found the following 
in the "New York Gazette," of Sept. 4, 1775 : 

"On Monday last died at Brunswick, in the 63d year of his 
age, on his way to this city, the Hon. James Habersham, Esq., 
President of his Majesty's Council of Georgia. He was a man 
of great probity, integrity and honour ; an able counsellor and 
affectionate and tender parent, and well acquainted with the 
delicacies of true friendship. In his life he was greatly be- 
loved, esteemed and honoured by all his friends, and his death 
is equally regretted by all who had the honour of his acquaint- 
ance. His remains were on Thursday evening interred in the 
family vault of Nathaniel Marston, Esq., in Trinity church- 

Hanover First Church. — The marriage records of the 
First Presbyterian Church of Hanover, in Morris county, N. 
J., during the long pastorate of Rev. Jacob Green (1746-1790) 
have recently been published in the "D. A. R. Magazine" for 
September, 1922. The preliminary head states that Mr. Green 
was pastor until 1796, but his pastorate closed there in May, 
1790. The transcript covers about 600 marriages, however, 
and does go to 1796, thus including the ministry of Green's 
successor, Rev. Calvin White. 

First New Jersey "Steam Carriage." — The father of the 
Mr. Jacob V. W. Herbert, receiver of a letter printed in our 
previous issue (Oct., 1922, p. 335), was Gen. Obadiah Her- 
bert, of Herbertsville (now Old Bridge) in Middlesex county. 
A portion of a letter from him to his son, dated Nov. 18, 1S31, 
said : 

"There was a celebration — or first trial — of the Steam Car- 
riage on the railroad near Bordentown on Saturday, the 12th 
inst. I went to see the exhibition and write some of the partic- 
ulars to you. They had a coach that held thirty passengers at- 
tached to the steam car, and ran one and a-quartor miles in two 
minutes and twenty-two seconds; this they repeated a great 

56 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

many times, as there was a great assemblage of people there and 
all wanted to ride. The Legislature was invited and attended 
in a body, and a great many of the best people in Xew Jei 
Robert Stevens conducted the machinery himself. It was a 
fine performance and gave great satisfaction." 

Edgar Family. — The Edgar family of New Jersey de- 
scends from David Edgar, of a family of Keithock, Scotland, 
who m. {Catherine Forrister June II, 1674, at Dundee. Their 
fifth son was Thomas Edgar, who was b. at Edinburgh, Oct. 
19, 1681. Thomas came to this country in 171 5 in the same 
ship with Janet Knox, a widow, whom he married after his 
arrival, and settled at Rahway. He died in 1759. They had 
seven children, viz. : 

1. David, b. Oct. 2, 1720; m. (1) Hannah Rolf e ; (2) 
Phcebe Baremore. A farmer of Short Hills, N. J., whose chil- 
dren were: Catherine (Baker); Margaret (Smith); Jenett 
(Hetfield) ; David, Jr., a Captain; Anibelki (Freeman) ; Thom- 
as; Hannah (Paton) ; Phebe. 

2. Alexander, b. Aug., 1722; m. Mary Smith. Head of the 
branch called the Woodbridge Edgars ; a farmer. Children : 
Thomas; James; David; William; William, 2nd; Sarah (Fi;z 
Randolph) ; Ivjary; Jenett (Shotwell) ; Manning; Coriell. 

3. William, b. Apr. 20, 1724; lived and died in his father's 
house in Rahway ; m. Experience Clarkson. Children : Cather- 
ine (Laing) ; Clarkson, a "General"; Bethiah; Thomas; Alex- 
ander, a physician; John; William, a Major. 

4. Catherine, b. June 2, 1726; m. Thomas Gallaudet, a 
Frenchman. Children: Edgar; Peter Wallace; Thomas G. ; 
David ; Thomas ; Catherine. Only Peter Wallace married, and 
was father of Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, famous in Flartford, 
Conn., in connection with the Deaf and Dumb Asylum. 

5. Thomas, b. Mar. 13, 1728; d. in infancy. 

6. Anibella, b. Nov. 30, 1729; m. Isaac Laing. Children: 
Abraham; Elizabeth; David; Jenett (Wilson) ; Thomas; Cath- 
erine (Culler) ; Isaac. 

7. Jenett, b. Mar. 10, T733; m. Jeremiah Fitz Randolph. 
Children : Joseph ; Thomas. 

The foregoing is condensed from a much longer record made 

Queries and Miscellany 57 

in MSS. by Cornelius Henry Edgar, son of William Henry 
Edgar (son of Major William, 3, above), in 1839. This MSS. 
carries some of the lines down farther. For particulars of the 
family in Scotland see "Americana, " Vol. XVI, p. 260. 

Logan Family. — The Logan family, as represented by Capt. 
William Logan of the Revolution, and his son Capt. John Lo- 
gan, whose letters appear on pages 36-38. ante, seems net to have 
been traced beyond Capt. William's father, who was the Wil- 
liam Logan in earlier years of near Lamington, Somerset coun- 
ty, but later in life of Readington township, Hunterdon county, 
who died in 1749, his will of May 3 of that year (30 "N. J. 
Archives/' p. 303) showing his wife to have been Sarah, and 
his children Ann, Stoffel, William, Sarah and Mary. Capt. 
William was born Mar. 18, 1736, and died Jan. 8, 1814. His 
wife was Rebecca Gaston (dau. of Hugh Gaston and Jennet 

), who was b. Dec. 12, 1739, and died June 23, 1819. He 

was Captain in the First Batallion, Somerset Co., N. J., Militia, 
from Nov., 1776, until March, 1778, and in numerous engage- 
ments, including the Battles of Trenton and Princeton. His 
Revolutionary pistol is in possession of the New Jersey His- 
torical Society, the gift of a descendant, Mrs. Charles D. 
Thompson, of Flanders. His children were : 

1. Hugh, b. June 12.. 1761 ; m. Alche Van Doren, and early 
removed to Jefferson Co., Kentucky. 

2. Sarah, b. May 17, 1763; m. John Bartley. 

3. William, b. Apr. 18, 1765; m. Elizabeth . 

4. Christopher, b. Dec. 9, 1766. 

5. James, b. Aug. 11, 1768. 

6. Jennet, b. Sept. 13, 1770; d. young. 

7. Joseph, b. June 15, 1772; m. Sarah Chambers. 

8. John (Captain), b. June 8, 1774; m. Jane Burgie. 

9. Mary, b. June 8, 1774; m. Daniel Schenck. 

10. Jennet (2nd), b. July 5, 1776; m. David Mizner. 

The children of Capt. John Logan (whose wife, Jane Burgie, 
was b. Jan. 17, 1782, and d. Mar. 28, 1S64) were: William 
J.; Thomas B. ; Mary S., who m. Daniel R. Wolfe; Sarah B., 
who m. David Felmley ; Rebecca Ann; John, who m. (1) Ann 

58 Proceedings Nezv Jersey Historical Society 

V. Poulson and (2) Esther Whitehead; David Burgle, who m. 
Celinda Smith; James Simpson, who m. (1) Judy Poulson and 
(2) Eliza V. Poulson. 
As a rule the above were all Somerset county families. 

Letter During the Civil War. — The following letter 
is signed "Capt. D. B. Logan, Co. H., 11 Regt. N. J. Vols., 
Sickle's Division," and is dated "Camp near Fredericksburgh, 
Dec. 2, 1862." Capt. Logan was a Dorastus B. Logan, who is 
buried at Succasunna, N. J. The letter was to a relative in this 
State, and shows how one of our Civil War Captains felt when 
a great battle was imminent. The battle did take place on 
Dec. 13th, and with large losses on both sides, but especially on 
the Union side. Capt. Logan wrote : 

"After a march of nearly two weeks over the worst kind of 
roads imaginable, fording numerous streams, and wading 
through mud knee-deep, we finally arrived at this place on 
Friday last. The men all stood the march well, and there is much 
less sickness in the Regiment than before we left. As for my- 
self I did not mind it at all, feeling less tired the last day than 
the first. We are now in Carr's Brigade, Sickles' Division, 
Stoneman's Corps, Hooker's Central Army, and are in the 
advance, being only one mile from Fredericksburgh, and our 
Division will be the first to cross the river, or to attempt to do 
so, with what success remains yet to be determined. 

"The Rebels yet hold Fredericksburgh and are said to have 
a force of from two to three hundred thousand men back of the 
city. There are two immense armies face to face, and if the 
Rebels stand up to a fair, square fight, I shouldn't be sur- 
prised if somebody should get hurt. This is to be a free fight, 
and all can take a part who wish. I intend to go in, and if I 
get nothing more than a black eye I shall be thankful. The 
day's entertainment will commence with a grand display of 
fireworks, which is intended to surpass anything ever witnessed 
on any Fourth of July celebration. 'Quarters' are scarce here, 
therefore admission will be free. I think I'll go, as it costs 

"Jesting aside, we are here face to face. If the enemy makes 

Queries and Miscellany 59 

a stand this will probably be the most desperate battle ever 
fought on this continent. Here are two immense armies, with 
only a narrow river between them. " 

"A Young Man's Journal." — "In the last October Pro- 
ceedings, on page 306, under date of Jan. 31, 1804, 'Robert C. 
Thomas' should read Robert Cfurrie] Thomson. On page 352 
of the 'Index' the reference 'Thomson, Mrs. Jacob S.,' is er- 
roneous, as Jacob S. never married. It may be of interest to 
state that Mrs. Robert C. Thomson was a Maria Woodruff, 
sister of Attorney-Gen, Aaron D. Woodruff, who died 181 7 at 
Changewater at the home of his brother-in-law, Robert C. 
Thomson. The 'Miss Susan V[ergereau] Woodruff.' also 
referred to on page 306, was a sister of Robert C. Thomson, 
and 'Mr. Edward Sharp,' named on same page, with whom the 
diarist was travelling to Harrisburg, was a brother-in-law of 
Jacob S. and Robert C. Thomson. He married Martha Hughes 
Thomson, eldest child of Col. Mark Thomson. There is also 
a 'Hetty Johnson' named on page 306, who, no doubt, was 
Hetty Thomson, of the same family. The following were the 
children of Mark Thomson, who died Dec. 14, 1803: Martha 
Hughes, wife of Edward Sharp; Jacob S., who never mar- 
ried; Robert C, who m. Maria Woodruff in 1801 ; Maria 
C, wife of James V. Anderson ; Hester S., who m. Mont- 
gomery Stewart; Ann B. (called 'Nancy'), who m., 1S08, Dr. 
Samuel Fowler ; Rebecca D., who d. unmarried, and Brack- 
enridge, who also d. unmarried." 

K. V. B. K. (Newton, N. J.) 

Madison Historical Society. — A new local Society, known 
as the Madison Historical Society, was recently formed at 
Madison, N. J., with its chief aim to preserve local landmarks, 
including the historic Madison House, which has stood 
since 1800 at Main street and Waverly place. The Society will 
also stimulate interest in local history. On Nov. 20 officers 
were elected as follows: President. Mrs. Mary O. (George 
Warren) Case. Vice-Presidents, Mr. W. Hevward Burnett, 
Mr. Lloyd Smith; Mr. W. Reginald Baker. Secretary. Mis- 
Marie Callmyer. Treasurer, Mr. Edward Wilsey. Historian, 
Mr. Carroll B. Merritt. 

60 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 


Minutes of the Annual Meeting of the New Jersey 
Historical Society at Newark, N. J., October 25, 1922 

The Annual Meeting of the New Jersey Historical Society 
was held to-day in the Assembly room. Vice-President Charles 
M. Lum presided and welcomed the Society and friends who 
were present. The invocation was pronounced by the Rev. 
Joseph F. Folsom. 

The minutes of the previous annual meeting, October 26, 
1921, were read and approved. 

The report of the Treasurer, Mr. J. Lawrence Boggs, was 
read and adopted. 

The report of the Board of Trustees was read by Mr. Frank 

The Membership Committee's report was read by Major W. 
I. Lincoln Adams, and at his request the Society stood as the 
roll of deceased members for the year was read. Among the 
new Honorary members received last year was President War- 
yen G. Harding, the mention of whose name evoked applause. 
The report was approved. 

The Librarian, Air. Folsom, presented his report. 

The Library Committee report was read by Mr. Frederick 
A. Canfield. 

A rising vote was tendered Mr. Edwin A. Ely, of New York, 
and Mr. Louis Bamberger, of Newark, for their generous gifts 
during the past year to the Society. 

The chairman, Mr. Lum, appointed the following gentle- 
men as a Nominating Committee to present names for the office 
of trustees: Mr. Henry Young, Mr. Samuel C. Cowart and 
Mr. Charles K. Seaman. The committee retired. 

The report of the Woman's Branch was presented by the 
President, Mrs. W. W. Cutler. 

The Corresponding Secretary, Mr. A. Van Doren Honeyman, 
presented his report for the year. 

A minute on the death of Dr. Austin Scott, a Trustee of the 
Society, as prepared by a committee consisting of Messrs. 
Frank Bergen, Charles W. Parker and A. Van Doren Honey- 
man, and approved at a meeting of the Board of Trustees was 
read by the Recording Secretary, as follows : 

"The Committee appointed at the last meeting to prepare a 
minute as a memorial of the late Dr. Austin Scott respectfully 
report the following: 

"Dr. Scott was a member of our Society from January, 1885, 

Annual Meeting of the New Jersey Historical Society 61 

until the time of his death, and a trustee during the last eight 
years of his life; part of that time holding the office of Vice- 
President. He took a deep interest in his official duties, served 
on important committees, and was constantly engaged in work- 
ing to increase the value and usefulness of our collection of 
historical material. He was faithful in attendance at our meet- 
ings, and it was a pleasure to greet him and receive his greet- 
ings. His death is a distinct loss to our Society, and a personal 
grief to all the members of the Board of Trustees. 

"From the days of his childhood to the close of his long life 
Dr. Scott was a student, and as eager in the pursuit of knowl- 
edge in his declining years as when an undergraduate in the 
sixties. He gathered information not only for intellectual 
satisfaction, but 'in order that he might be better qualified to im- 
part instruction to others. What he learned at Yale and at 
Universities in Germany in his youth was but the beginning of 
the equipment for his life's work. By long experience in the 
class room, and as President of Rutgers College for fifteen 
years, he became one of the leading educators of the country. 
He was one of the most studious of men, an exact historian, 
and found pleasure in his daily work. 

"Dr. Scott was an admirable citizen, always ready to lend 
effective aid in movements for civic betterment, and to sup- 
press evil tendencies that developed from time to time in public 
affairs. Notwithstanding the imperative demands of his pro- 
fession upon his time and strength he did not hesitate to serve 
his home town as a public official when his services were re- 
quired. Opinions that he had reached deliberately he held 
firmly, and he was never reluctant to express his views distinct- 
ly when occasion called for plain speaking. His life was spent 
honorably in a noble calling, and when age overcame him he 
fell asleep. His career on earth was the fruitful outgrowth of 
his steadfast character. 

"Frank Bergen, 

"Charles W. Parker, 

"A. Van Doren Honeymax." 

The Nominating Committee at this point returned with the 
following report: That Hiram E. Deats, W. I. Lincoln Adams, 
Henry Young, Edward S. Rankin and William S. Hunt be 
nominated for the office of trustees for three years. The report 
was approved and further nominations were called for by the 
Chairman. There being no others nominated the election of the 
five named was duly accomplished through a vote cast by the 
Recording Secretary, and they were declared elected. 

A letter from Mr. Samuel W. Baldwin, presenting the So- 

62 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

ciety with the original manuscript copy of the diary of Jemima 
Condict of Orange, from 1772 to 1779. an historical document 
of unusual value and interest, was read by Mr. Boggs, and the 
donor was given a hearty vote of thanks. 

The following resolution presented by ex-Judge Edward A. 
Armstrong was passed : 

"In order to diffuse and make more widespread the benefi- 
cent influence of this Society: Resolved, that the Trustees be 
recommended to consider the advisability of holding regional 
meetings of the Society during the year in different sections of 
the State, and to arrange for the same if in their judgment ex- 

Judge Harold E. Pickersgill spoke interestingly about the 
Perth Amboy Historical Society and of the movement to pre- 
serve the Kearny Homestead and to secure its removal to a 
permanent location in the Park. He also spoke of the earliest 
printing in New Jersey as having been done at Penh Amboy, 
and advocated regional meetings for the Society. 

Recess was taken for luncheon and a social hour, and then 
the Society reconvened and listened to the address of the occa- 
sion by the Hon. Adrian Lyon, on "The Earl of Clarendon, a 
Character in the Background of New Jersey History," for 
which excellent and interesting paper he was given a vote of 
thanks ; whereupon the meeting adjourned. 

Joseph F. Folsom, 
Recording Secretary. 


From the reports of committeees to be read at this meeting 
it will be evident that the Board of Trustees has gone about 
its work with unabated interest and faithfulness. It might be 
pardoned in the Recording Secretary, to whom is given the 
authority to prepare this brief report, to go beyond usual 
decorum in saying that, though the Board is composed of a 
group of busy men who represent important professional, bus- 
iness and official interests in the State, the attendance at meet- 
ings and the attention to detailed committee work reach a high 
mark of disinterested devotion to a very worthy cause, that of 
collecting and preserving for noble uses historical data and 

Much to the regret of the Board, the President, Justice 
Francis J. Swayze, after a long service in that oftice, ollered 
his resignation during the year, which was accepted. 

During the year we have lost by death one of our Vice- 

Annual Meeting of the New Jersey Historical Society 63 

Presidents, Dr. Austin Scott, of whom, in a resolution to be 
presented at this meeting, more honoring things will be said, 
but the Trustees bear record to his faithfulness and his untir- 
ing interest in the active work of the Board and the Society. 

The protection of our constantly increasing wealth of ma- 
terial from fire has engaged the attention of the Board during 
the year, and a committee is at work with experts to provide 
proper prevention. 

Another problem has been adequate assistance in the library, 
and the Board, to the extent of its financial ability, has en- 
gaged efficient help to catalogue, file and classify material. 

This year Mrs. Ruth E. Fairchild bequeathed to the Society 
a legacy of $2,000 and a collection of family heirlooms. The 
Society needs a constantly growing interest of this character. 
The endowment is between $50,000 and $60,000, while it should 
be nearer a million. The Societies of New York and Massa- 
chusetts are splendidly endowed, and that of New Jersey should 
claim from its friends a similar benefit. Its long career and 
established reputation make it worthy. 

To the many benefactors of the Board thanks are due, and 
especially to Mr. Edwin A. Ely, of New York, and to Mr. Louis 
Bamberger, of Newark, who have contributed unusual gifts 
during the past year, later to be reported. 

The Board welcomes the members gathered here to-day and 
urges a continued interest in the important service allotted to 
the Society in the making of national character and the pursu- 
ing of patriotic ideals. 


In the way of correspondence during the past year no mat- 
ters of great importance can be reported. The letters received 
have been about 100, and I have written 138. As is now us- 
ual, most of the incoming letters relate to ancestral lines. There 
is no diminution of interest in the matter of genealogy, not for 
purposes of publication, but to connect the writers with Colonial 
or Revolutionary ancestors in order to secure admission into 
one or more of the patriotic societies which are multiplying in 
number as well as in membership. In this State, at least two 
new such societies have come into existence the past year, that 
of the Huguenots being of chief interest. All genealogical let- 
ters are answered as of course, but in only a few cases can I 
do more than refer the writers to other qualified persons. Our 
Society, as such, cannot undertake the investigations necessary 
to establish one's forebears of a hundred and fifty years ago, 

64 Proceedings New Jersey tlistorical Society 

but our Library is open to all comers. Certain of these in- 
quiries are published in our quarterly Proceedings; a few oth- 
ers will be mentioned in connection with a brief resume of 
some of the questions or matters which have come to the Cor- 
responding Secretary. 

One correspondent in New York City has asked if I could 
identify an early "Auville. New Jersey," such a place being 
mentioned in a "History of Herkimer County, New York." 1 
was unable to find the name and suggested that the "N. J." may 
have been a misprint for M N. Y." However, there is no full 
list of the transient early names of places in our State ; so pos- 
sibly "Auville" refers to a hamlet long since called by another 

Mr. Henry F. Herpers, 18 Crawford Street, Newark, in- 
quired if there was such a thing as a cave, called a "Cave of 
Sound," near Far Hills. He was told that the only cave re- 
ported in that region was one at Peapack, said to have been 
opened some years ago, but of which I could give no definite 

Another correspondent asked if any complete list of "Loyal- 
ists" (Tories, of course), who sailed in vessels from New 
York to Nova Scotia at the end of the Revolution, was known 
to exist in England. I put the question up to ."Mr. E. Alfred 
Jones, Fellow of the Royal Historical Society, in London, who 
has made a thorough study of the records there concerning New 
Jersey Loyalists, and his reply was that "the only records pre- 
served relate to (1) names of certain officers in charge of these 
ships, and (2) a few Loyalists saved from the wreck of the 
'Martha' in the Bay of Fundy." 

Another correspondent, a lady, who has not authorized me 
to use her name, stated she had thought of reprinting the 
George Scot "Model of the Government of the Province of 
East New Jersey" as it was reproduced in Whitehead's "East 
Jersey under the Proprietary Governments" (1846; in the first 
volume of our "Collections"), and with it biographical data 
concerning the winters of letters in that work; but that proba- 
bly the circulation would be too small to clear the printer's ex- 
pense. The original (1685, Edinburgh) was the earliest pub- 
lication ever made concerning the settlement of East Jersey, 
and its reproduction in the manner stated we may well hope to 
appear at a future time. The lady in question would be en- 
tirely competent for the task. 

The Editor of the "Louisiana Historical Quarterly," who is 
a lawyer of well-known and high reputation, Mr. Henry P. 
Dart, wrote of his desire to quote in that periodical such of "A 

Annual Meeting of the New Jersey Historical Society 65 

Young Man's Journal of i8oo-'i3" as referred to New Orleans, 
and which appeared in our Proceedings for January last. Of 
course consent was given. 

Dr. Carlos E. Godfrey, the able Director of the Public Rec- 
ord Commission of New Jersey, inquired as to the whereabouts 
of the "Colonial Minutes" of Elizabethtown, referred to in 
various publications, especially by Hatfield in his "History of 
Elizabeth," and by the late Dr. Scott in his "Early History of 
New Jersey Colonial Cities." Someone probably has these Min- 
utes ; it is to be hoped they are not irretrievably lost. 

In genealogical lines the following queries are among those 
which have not appeared in the Proceedings and full answers 
are still awaited : 

Mr. Herbert E. Poulson, of Far Hills: The parentage of 
of Denyse Huff, perhaps of Hunterdon county, born 1765, who 
married Elizabeth Perrine. 

Miss Martha L. Smith, 121 1 E. Washington St., Des Moines, 
Iowa : Record of Samuel Adams, who came from Scotland 
about 1745. 

Miss Harriet M. Tucker. Roseville, 111. : Parentage of James 
Johnston, born 1724, who resided at Mendham, and married 
Jennete Gaston, born 1731. A son, Daniel, married into the 
Kirkpatrick family. James, later, went to Washington coun- 
ty, Pa. 

Mr. Harry N. Graham, 144 Ward St., Paterson : Family of 
Obadiah Evans, born at Trenton, July 23, 1749, died in Bethle- 
hem township, Hunterdon county, Aug. 23, 1821 ; a Revolu- 
tionary soldier. 

Mrs. Harry B. Houghton, 1946 North Ave., Bridgeport, 
Conn.: Descends from Azel Pierson, Sr., born 1708 on Long 
Island, and settled in Cumberland county, N. J. ; was he con- 
nected with Rev. Abraham Pierson of Newark? 

Mr. Edgar R. Harlan, Curator of the Historical Department 
of Iowa, at Des Moines: Family of Captain Absalom Martin, 
of Basking Ridge, a son of Col. Ephraim Martin. He was a 
Captain in the Revolution and, later, a surveyor, and died at 
Martin's Ferry, Ohio. 

Mr. Henry L. Beckett, Principal of the Roseville Public 
School, Roseville, 111. : Family of Duvale Cooper, probably of 
New Jersey, one of the earliest settlers in Lexington, Ky., and 
subsequently owner of 1,000 acres of land near Maysville. Ky. 

Mr. F. P. DeWitt, Assistant Cashier, Fifth Avenue Bank. 
New York City: Identity of Volkert DeWitt, who was in 
Kings county, N. Y., in 1687, and possibly came to New Jer- 
sey, being lost sight of in New York State. 

66 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

I have received much valuable data from Mr. F. D. Vr.n 
Orsdale, Box 542, Albany, N. V., concerning the Van Arsdale 
and Van Orsdale lines in Orange county, N. Y., and vicinity, 
all connected with the Van Arsdalcs of New Jersey. 

Mr. E. K. Adams, Cranford, stated he had heard exceedingly 
valuable Revolutionary incidents from an old lady, a descend- 
ant of Abraham Clark, the Signer, before her death a few- 
years since, and might write the same out for publication. 

This leads me to suggest that our Society is always glad to 
have articles sent in for publication in our magazine, if contain- 
ing any really new or important matters concerning New Jer- 
sey history or biography. YVc cannot find space for lengthy 
genealogical matters ; short ones of lines unpublished would be 
used. Since our Board of Trustees have honored me with the 
position of Editor of that publication, and given permission to 
increase its size when justifiable, I have endeavored to make it 
not less useful in its contents than it has always been ; but it 
can only be made what it should be by the hearty cooperation 
of such of our members as can write illuminating historical ar- 
ticles. For the present year, ending with the October number, 
355 pages of matter will have been presented as against 274 
the previous year. This is the only medium by which to keep 
alive the interest of all our (approximately) 900 members, and 
we hope by it to secure the enrollment of many new members 
for 1923. If each member would obtain one new member for 
that year, we should still further enlarge this publication. May 
I add that in the near future there will appear a brief Index to 
the titles of all the books and pamphlets in our Library touch- 
ing families. This will enable members and others living at a 
distance from Newark, when searching in family lines, to as- 
certain, without first coming here, or corresponding with our 
Librarian, what our Library contains in this particular field. 
Later I hope to have published a full list of the valuable col- 
lection of portraits now in our possession. 

One of the features of our quarterly we hope to keep more 
up to date than formerly was the case. I refer to the "Ne- 
crology of Members." Sometimes, however, it is a year or 
more after the death of a member before the fact of decease 
reaches us. I wish every member would consider himself or 
herself a committee of one to notify our Society when a mem- 
ber passes away and to forward with the notice any obituary 
published in the local newspaper. 

Most of you know, perhaps, that, under a long delayed ap- 
propriation by the last Legislature, we shall he enabled soon to 
issue another volume of "New Jersey Archives." This will 

Annual Meeting of the New Jersey Historical Society 67 

furnish all items from newspapers concerning our State during 
the first year of the Revolutionary War, 1775, and thus supply 
the one gap in that particular series — a unique series of docu- 
ments such as no other State has published. Our Board of 
Trustees have been considering whether, since the appropria- 
tion is larger than what will be required for the above-named 
work (a smaller one than the preceding volumes of "Ar- 
chives"), sufficient will be left, plus certain subscriptions in 
hand, for another volume, to be a continuation of the abstracts 
of wills, beginning with 1751. This has not yet been deter- 
mined, but will probably depend upon a small additional Legis- 
lative appropriation. 

One of our former greatly interested members, Mr. H. C. F. 
Randolph, of New York City, who died in March last, accumu- 
lated by years of investigation a large amount of data concern- 
ing the Fitz Randolph and allied families. I am strongly hop- 
ing his administrator and relatives will see the propriety of 
donating the MSS. to our Society. 

I have referred to the Director of the Public Records Com- 
mission. His labors in searching the clerks' and surrogates', 
and also the municipal records of this State (some 586 offices 
to be examined in all), is being continued, and are already bear- 
ing fruit, and from time to time will be noticed in the Pro- 
ceedings. Records long since supposed to be lost are being 
brought to light, and their discovery and preservation have al- 
ready justified the appointment of this Commission. 

A. Van Doren Hoxeyman, 
Corresponding Secretary. 

Plainfield, N. J., Oct. 25, 1922. 


Our Library has been visited during the past year by a larg- 
er number of persons than have visited it during any one year 
since the celebration of Newark's 250th anniversary, in 1916. 
The number of visitors for the year is 4850. More than 500 
letters, written by persons from all parts of the United States, 
have been received since last October and at least as many sent 

Though the Library has ceased to be a depository for U. S. 
Government publications and has not received, as heretofore, 
the hundreds of volumes and pamphlets issued by the Federal 
Government yearly, the number of our accessions is well up to 
the average. The total number of items received is 1,790; this 
includes 1,057 volumes, 525 pamphlets, 91 manuscripts and 117 

68 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

miscellaneous articles. Very few purchases have been made, 
except by the Woman's Branch, which, however, has purchased 
123 volumes, besides having had 28 volumes bound. 

The collection presented to us by Mr. Ely has been cata- 
logued, with the exception of some recent additions, and our 
genealogical collection has been reshelf-listed and the cata- 
loguing brought up to date. We find that our genealogical 
works occupy between three and four times as much space as 
they did when the collection was first catalogued, about eigh- 
teen years ago. 

The most notable donation of the year is Mr. Edwin A. Ely's 
gift of about five hundred volumes relating to the American 
Revolution. We feel that no finer gift than this has ever 
been received by the Society, and that we should value it all the 
more highly because it has come to us from one who has been 
our good friend for so many years ; one whose interest in the 
history of the State in which his forefathers have lived for 
generations has been so keen and so unfailing. Mr. Ely has 
also provided two handsome and substantial oak cases to con- 
tain this collection. 

One of the very few copies extant of the first compilation of 
New Jersey laws has been given to us during the year by Mr. 
Louis Bamberger, and we trust that this volume will remain 
one of the principal treasures of the Society for many years to 
come. We are also indebted to Mr. Bamberger for valuable 
manuscripts and several rare prints. 

Our thanks are due to each one of the one hundred and thirty 
persons who have contributed to our collections during the year, 
and to the societies and institutions that have sent us their 
publications, and all are assured of our sincere appreciation. 

Frederick A. Canfield, 
Chairman of the Library Committee. 


Two events in the history of our library of the past year call 
for special mention and appreciation; the reception of a truly 
great collection of Revolutionary War books from Mr. Edwin 
A. Ely, and the reception of a number of valuable letters, prints 
and books from Mr. Louis Bamberger, including a very rare 
and costly copy of a volume of New Jersey laws. 

What we shall call the Ely Revolutionary Period Collection 
consists of 500 volumes, which Mr. Ely began to collect about 
the time he became a member of the Society, almost fifty 
years ago. At odd moments precious to business men he vis- 

Annual Meeting of the New Jersey Historical Society 69 

itcd bookstores on his way home, and from time to time found 
some choice copy of a desired book and added it to his growing 
collection. The excellent condition of the books he has pre- 
sented to the Society bear witness of his careful selection. Gen- 
erally they are as near perfection as any possible collection of 
old-time volumes, many of them with handsome and tasteful 
bindings attractive to hook collectors. Contemporary publica- 
tions make up a large part of the collection, such as political 
tracts, patriotic sermons, narratives, reports of committees, let- 
ters and histories. They produce for the researcher an atmos- 
phere of true color and locality, something akin to the reputed 
wine from the wood. These volumes gathered on still hunts 
and at auctions have greatly increased in monetary value since 
their purchase; and it is fair to say that to purchase duplicates 
to-day would be a strain on any ordinary pocketbook. 

There are fourteen James Rivington imprints in the collec- 
tion, printed in New York during the Revolution, and a collec- 
tor would go far and wait long to repeat the task of duplicating 
them. Another item of unusual interest is a copy of Botta's 
"Revolution," printed in 1821, to which is attached an auto- 
graph letter by Thomas Jefferson, stating his opinion that ihe 
work was the best thus far written. This copy once belonged 
to William Menzies, and was bound handsomely by Joel Mun- 
sell, the publisher. Still another item among the hundreds is 
a copy of Alexander Hamilton's first political pamphlet, with 
William Livingston's signature, visibly bringing together two 
figures of Revolutionary times who contemporaneously were 
friends and associates. 

Only a personal examination of this notable collection of 
volumes, which Mr. Ely generously has provided with hand- 
some cases constructed to fit the alcove set aside for the books 
in the gallery, will prove its great value to the Society and dis- 
cover the many interesting features it possesses. 

One of the most interesting of the books in the Ely Collec- 
tion is that with the following title: "A Genuine Detail of the 
Several Engagements, Positions and Movements of the Royal 
and American Armies during the years 1775 and 1776; with 
an accurate account of the Blockade of Boston and a Plan of 
the Works on Bunker Hill at the time it was abandoned by 
his Majesty's Forces on the 17th of March, 1776. In a Series 
of Letters to a Friend. By William Carter, late a Lieut, of the 
40th Regiment of Foot. London. Printed for the Author and 
Sold by G. Kearsley at No. 46 in Fleet St., 1784. Price half 

Two of the letters touch directly upon New Jersey Revolu- 
tionary History. They read as follows: 

yo Proceedings Nezv Jersey Historical Society 

"Prince-Town, 2 1st Dec, 1776. 

"Since the enemy abandoned Fort Lee, they have fled before 
us through the greater part of both the Jerseys; from the 
banks of the North River, to Trenton on the banks of the 

"A large body of the Hessians, who distinguished themselves 
at the reduction of Fort Washington, compose the garrison of 
Trenton, under the command of Colonel Ralle. 

"The remainder of the army is cantoned at this town, Xew 
Brunswick, Bonnam Town, and Perth Amboy. 

"I am happy to inform you, that the inhabitants, not only of 
the towns where we are cantoned, but also for several miles 
round the country, have delivered up their arms, and taken the 
oath of allegiance. 

"Prince-Town, 31st Dec, 1776. 

"About the 8th of this month a detachment from the army, 
under the command of Lieutenant General Clinton, embarked 
in transports, and sailed up the Sound, under convoy of some 
ships of war. 

"I am happy to inform you that the troops have since landed 
on Rhode Island, and the ships of war have blocked up the 
enemy's fleet, under the command of a Mr. Hopkins. 

"To counterbalance that success, on the night of the 25th in- 
stant, a large body of the enemy crossed the Delaware some 
miles above Trenton, and, with infinite concern I inform you, 
surprised the garrison there ; the greater part of which they 
either killed or made prisoners. Colonel Ralle, with several 
other officers, are amongst the former. The enemy have since 
recrossed the Delaware." 

Valuable gifts of a miscellaneous character have been pre- 
sented last year by Mr. Louis Bamberger. Particularly should 
be mentioned his gift of a copy of New Jersey laws, purchased 
at auction in New York at the sale of the library of the late 
Theodore N. Vail. It is. perhaps, the rarest unit of our So- 
ciety's great collection of New Jersey laws. This book is a Wil- 
liam Bradford imprint and was published in 171 7. It is enti- 
tled "The Laws and Acts of the General Assembly of His 
Majesties Province of Nova Caesarea, or New Jersey, as they 
were enacted by the Governor, Council and General Assembly, 
for the time being, in divers Sessions, the First of which be- 
gan in November, 1703." 

It is the first compilation in printed form of New Jersey 
laws, preceding the first edition of the Learning and Spiccr 
compilation printed by Bradford by thirty-five years. While 
Bradford, the printer, styles himself "Printer to the King's 

Annual Meeting of the New Jersey Historical Society ji 

Most Excellent Majesty for the Province of New Jersey," he 
had at this time no press in New Jersey and did the work in 
New York City. The book is quarto and runs to 115 pages, the 
copy at hand being in perfect condition with the exception of 
the inevitable foxing and yellowing after 200 years, and this 
condition being in unusually light form. Even the fly leaves 
remain, which is saying much when it is considered how fre- 
quently in such old books they are absent, having been torn out 
for use in writing letters, bills or notes. 

Evidently this copy, one of but three known to exist, was 
not kept in the cellar, but in some dry garret or in an old-time 
bookcase or escritoire. The fly leaf reveals who was the orig- 
inal owner of the volume, for in bold old English capitals, aver- 
aging the height of an inch, '"Johannes Gulick His Book" stands 
forth, and underneath Johannes writes in very ordinary chirog- 
aphy the following legend. "May 25, 1727. I Reet this with my 
penn and iff my penn hadd benn better I would A maried avery 
Letter but whilst it wasn't I wrote it down as it were so I was 
able to do." Evidently Johannes was pretty well set up over 
his ability to write" in the old English character, and every let- 
ter in his name, though a capital, is linked to its successor by a 
flourish, which relation he describes as married to each other. 
The two words, "His Book," are made up of unmarried char- 
acters, because his goose quill failed to carry the fluid across. 
The defect, we should think, scarcely needed an apology, but it 
gave an opportunity for the penman to call attention to himself. 

Johannes Gulick lived at Rocky Hill, near Princeton, and his 
will was proved July 23, 1755. He had a son, Fernandus, who 
later owned the book and who also has written on the fly leaves 
his name several times. Fernandus died in 1806, and then the 
book, bought at "Pastor Monford's vendew on January 15, 
1808," came into the possession of Robert Armstrong. Where 
it traveled subsequently till Theodore N. Vail added it to his 
collection might be an interesting story. Probably the price paid 
for it by Louis Bamberger was more than Johannes Gulick 
could have gotten for his whole farm in 1727, and more than 
the value of anything he left by will to his children. Two other 
copies are known to exist, one in the New York Public Li- 
brary and the other in the Collis P. Huntington collection. 

The laws included in the book run from 1703 to 17 16, with 
additional pages bringing them up to 1720, but Bradford im- 
prints on the title page the date 171 7. Of course, there had 
been laws enacted before 1703, but they had not been printed, 
and it was not until 1752 that the older laws were put in print. 

The laws cover many interesting subjects. The first relates 

J2 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

to the regulating of purchases of lands from the Indians and 
the last in chronological order regulates the killing of deer and 
the carrying of arms. Other subjects touch on suppressing im- 
morality and drunkenness, the relief of the poor, the killing of 
wolves, panthers and red foxes, the regulating of ordinary- 
taverns, the fixing of the boundary lines of the Province, the 
cutting of timber, the raising of militia, the regulating of staves, 
the establishing of ferries, the laying out of roads, the fixing of 
legal fees and ferry tolls, the preventing of clandestine mar- 
riages, the preserving of oysters, the building of bridges, and 
many other laws. 

Besides the value historically of the book, it has a high value 
as being a Bradford imprint, much desired by collectors. Wil- 
liam Bradford was for a half -century the official public printer 
of New Jersey, and for a long while of New York. As far as 
known, this new accession is the most valuable volume, from a 
monetary point of view, in the library of the Historical Society. 

It might be of interest to the members of the Society to know 
that Mr. Edwin A. Ely, who gave the volumes of Revolu- 
tionary books," has been long working for the Society, and 
that only six other members now living came into its member- 
ship before him. Through the examination of the roll by the 
Assistant Librarian, Miss Maud E. Johnson, the following 
list of members longest in the Society is submitted : 

Rev. James DeHart Bruen of Belvidere, a descendant of one 
of the founders of Newark and of a family distinguished in 
Colonial times, was elected a member January 21, 1869. 

Mr. Frederick Frelinghuysen, President of the Mutual Ben- 
efit Life Insurance Co. of Newark, was elected a member Jan. 
20, 1870. 

Hon. Benjamin A. Vail, of Elizabeth, formerly of Rahway, 
was elected a member Jan. 20, 1870. 

Mr. A. V. D. Honeyman, our Corresponding Secretary, was 
elected a member May 15, 1873. 

Hon. Richard Wayne Parker, our Representative in Con- 
gress almost continuously since 1S95, was elected a member 
May 15, 1873. 

Mr. James Neilson, of New Brunswick, a benefactor of that 
city and of Rutgers College, was elected a member Jan. 15, 

Mr. Edwin A. Ely, of Livingston, N. J., and of New York 
City, became a member May 21, 1874. 

Mr. Rufus W. Weeks was elected a member May 21, 1874. 
Respectfully submitted, 

Joseph F. Folsom, 


Annua! Meeting of the New Jersey Historical Society 73 


In some respects one might say that the Woman's Branch 
had accomplished little during the year just ending, because no 
one big thing stands out conspicuously ; but the years are 
sometimes like certain days, when many little things make up 
the day — things, oftentimes, which show only when left un- 

So this year has no big thing done, as was the case last year 
when we collected over a thousand dollars toward the "75th 
Anniversary Fund" of the Historical Society, and finished pay- 
ing for the Stockton Collection of family records, but many 
little things were accomplished, such as mending, repairing, re- 
binding and putting things in order. There were many books 
in our library sadly in need of new covers — pamphlets lying 
about in bundles, or piles, on the floor or in corners. We have 
rebound a number of these books and hope to do more during 
the coming year. Last year we bought one hundred paste- 
board boxes for filing pamphlets and this year another hun- 
dred. These boxes will properly care for and preserve many 
of our pamphlets. 

The binding done during the year includes our set of 
''Lineage Books" of the Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion, containing fifty-six volumes; two volumes of the "Church 
Tablet," together with the "Index to the Aquackanonk Church 
Records of 1694-1892," published therein. Also the very valua- 
ble manuscript history of Pompton, Pequanonk and Pompton 
Plains, by the Rev. Garret J. Schenck. Several volumes have 
been rebound, including the "History of Union and Middlesex 
Counties," the "History of Gloucester, Salem and Cumberland 
Counties," and about twenty-five other much-used volumes. 

The books purchased during the year include "Women of 
the Revolution," "Hannah Logan's Courtship," Bean's "His- 
tory of Montgomery County, Pa.," "History of the Government 
Printing Ofhce," "Trial of Francis Hopkinson," printed in 
1794; "Vital Records" of the following Connecticut towns, 
Woodstock, Bolton, Vernon and Norwich, "History of Pater- 
son and Environs," by William Nelson and C. A. Shriner, in 
3 volumes, "Genealogy of the Staats Family," "Genealogy of 
the Feltus Family," "Cazenove's Journal," describing a trip 
through New Jersey and Pennsylvania in 1794, a "History of 
the M inn i sink Region," a "History of Middlesex County, 1G64- 
1920," in three volumes ; "Vital Records" of eighty-one Massa- 
chusetts towns; "Collections of the History of Albany," in 4 
volumes, and a Newark City "Directory" for 1022. 

The Woman's Branch also purchased an oil painting of Walt 

74 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

Whitman, who lived in Camclcn, New Jersey, during the last 
nineteen years of his life. 

Through the courtesy of the New York Historical Society 
we were able to obtain photostat copies of eight manuscript 
maps of New Jersey made in colonial times. From Mr. \Yil- 
berforce Eames, we received a photostat copy of an almanac 
printed by Hugh Gaine, in 1776 — the first printing done in 
Newark — and a photostat copy of the first newspaper printed 
in Newark, [Gaine's] ''New York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury" for Sept. 21, 1776. 

Under the supervision of Miss Johnson, our janitor has built 
two frames, or racks, for holding boxes of manuscripts, which 
are to be kept in the vault, we buying the materials. 

Gifts to the Historical Society received through the Wo- 
man's Branch include two early Bibles containing family rec- 
ords, "Family Records of the Descendants of Dr. Edward 
Taylor," a collection of pamphlets printed before the Civil 
War, containing Newark imprints ; a collection of Newark 
property maps of 1836-1857, and a large number of manu- 
scripts bearing dates ranging from about 1800 to 1850, a list of 
Revolutionary Soldiers buried at Westfield, Essex County 
deeds and; other papers, 1774- 1892, a framed portrait of James 
Buchanan, Gordon's "History of New Jersey," a manuscript 
Index to Snell's History of Somerset County, which was pre- 
pared for us by Mrs. A. V. D. Honeyman, and an oil portrait 
of Gen. Samuel Houston. 

We have received through Mrs. John D. Watson the Man- 
ning family Bible and a flag used during the Civil War by the 
family of W. F. Manning, bequeathed to our Society by Miss 
Marianna Manning, who at the time of her death was a mem- 
ber of our Board from Middlesex County. 

Our meetings have been held each month except in July, 
August and September, the large attendance showing continued 

We have added 46 new names to our list of members during 
the year. We have lost 5 by death and 13 by resignation, leav- 
ing a present membership of 644. 

Our mid-winter meeting was held in Elizabeth, in the "Car- 
teret Arms," one of Elizabeth's historic and interesting old 
buildings. Upon our arrival we were greeted by Miss Van 
Vranken and her committee, who had previously attended to 
the many details incident to our entertainment, small tables hav- 
ing been daintily set about the rooms for our convenience, and 
many who had been doubtful became enthusiastic over the Box 
Luncheon. There were about a hundred present at the luncheon 

Annual Meeting of the Nezv Jersey Historical Society 75 

and others came later in the afternoon to hear the address, 
which was given by Dr. Robert Watson, of Xew York, whose 
subject was "The Definition of a One Hundred Per cent. 

Our Annual Meeting was held on May twelfth, at which time 
Miss Alice Forman Wvckoff gave us a most interesting and 
thoughtful address on "Ourselves as Ancestors." 
Respectfully submitted, 

Altha Hatch Cutler, President. 

SEPTEMBER 30, 1922 



Balance on hand Oct. 1, 1921 $1,132 40 

General Account : 

Dues 2,475 00 

Rent, 22 West Park St 2,900 13 

Donations 276 00 

Income from Investments : 

1 Acct. Ingleton Donation 150 00 

" Hadfield-F. M. Tichenor Mem'l 

Fund 10 00 

" L. Cotheal Smith Legacy 80 00 

" David A. Hayes Fund 432 50 

" Marcus L. Ward Fund 939 03 

" Capital Fund 563 43 

11 75th Anniversary Fund 180 00 

" Young Bequest 10 00 

Interest on Bank balance 44 50 

Book and Publishing Account : 

Sale of Archives, Proceedings, etc 147 46 

Capital Fund Account : 

Newark City Water Co., 4% bonds matured 

and paid 6,500 00 

Life Membership Fees 250 00 

75th Anniversary Fund: 

Subscriptions paid 1 13 00 

Marcus L. Ward Fund : 

Sold $1000 par val. Lehigh Valley Terminal 

Ry. Co. 5% bond at 99 990 00 

j6 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

Hadfield-F .M. Tichcnor Mem'l Fund : 

Newark City Water Co. 4% bond matured 

and paid 500 00 

Young Bequest : 

Newark City Water Co., 4% bond matured 

and paid 500 00 

Total $18,193 45 


Salaries $2,752 50 

1922 Taxea on Property, No. 22 W. Park St.... 1,388 98 

Coal 238 24 

Insurance Premiums 375 38 

Light and Gas 41 88 

Telephone 42 48 

Repairs 68 oS 

Annual Luncheon 189 00 

Printing and Stationery 91 69 

Expenses of Corres. Secretary's Office 50 87 

Water 10 50 

Paid balance of note at Merchants and Manufac- 
turers National Bank 500 00 

Furniture 275 00 

Rent of Safe Deposit Box 20 00 

Postage 62 00 

Freight and Express 17 27 

Sundries 197 44 

Woman's Branch, a/c Income from L. Cothcal 

Smith Legacy 40 00 

$9,000 par value of bonds purchased for investment 7,693 75 

Accrued interest and commission on same. ... 85 61 
Book and Publishing Account : 

Printing, etc., four numbers of the Society's 

Quarterly 1, 1 10 84 

Marcus L. Ward Fund Account: 

Paid State of New Jersey, amount claimed 
to be due for inheritance tax on bequest, 

with interest 1 ,070 74 

Sept. 30, 1922. Balance on hand 1,871 20 

Total $18,193 45 

Annual Meeting of the New Jersey Historical Society 77 

Securities Owned by the Society Are as Follows: 

Par Value 

Bait. & Ohio R. R., 3><%, Prior Lien bonds $2,000 

New York Telephone Co., 1st Mort. 4 l / 2 c /o 4,500 

Atch., Topeka & Santa Fe. Ry. Co., Genl. Mort. 4%. 3,000 

Allegheny Valley Ry. Co., Genl. Mort. 4% 2,000 

The United N. J. R. R. & Canal Co., Genl. Mort. 4%. 5,000 

Lehigh Valley Terminal Ry. Co., 1st Mort. 5% 1,000 

American Dock & Imp. Co., 1st Mort. 5% 3,000 

West Shore R. R. Co., 1st Mort. 4% 3,000 

Atlantic Coast Line R. R. Co., 1st Con. Mort. 4% 1,000 

Oregon-Wash. R. R. & Navigation Co., 1st & Ref. 4% 2,000 

Southern Ry. Co., 1st Con. 5% 2,000 

Chic. Bur. & Quincy R. R. Co., 1st & Ref. 5% 1,000 

U. S. 1st Liberty Loan 3j£% 50 

U. S. 2nd Liberty Loan 4% c /o 50 

U. S. 3rd Liberty Loan 4%% % 200 

U. S. 4th Liberty Loan 4^4% 21,000 

U. S. Treasury Gold Notes, Series A 4^4% 100 

Bond and Mortgage of C. F. Eberhard on Property 

No. 88 Arlington St., Newark 3,000 

Total < $53,900 

' Respectfully submitted, 

J. Lawrence Boggs, Treasurer. 



Elected Died 

Rt. Rev. Cortlandt Whitehead, D. D., 

Bishop of Pittsburgh, Pa 18S2 Sept. 18, 1922 


Col. Frederick G. Agens 1868 Dec. 2, 1921 

Rev. Cornelius Brett, D. D 1909 Feb. 24, 1922 

Mrs. Ruth E. Fairchild 1892 May 25, 1922 

Mrs. Sarah Lyon Gillette 1S97 

H. Ellis Hart 1875 

78- Proceedings Nciv Jersey Historical Society 

James S. Higbie . . . 1897 

Dr. Charles W. F. Holbrook 1896 

Francis W. Jackson 1874 

Rev. Gerrit J. Kollen, D. D., LL. D...1903 

Emerson McMillan 191 3 

John W. Newlin 1896 

H. Craig F. Randolph 1896 

Dr. Austin Scott 1885 

Frederick M. Shepard, Jr 1896 

Dr. Theron Y. Sutphen 1897 Aug. 24, 1922 


Miss Mabel Baldwin Beardsley 1914 

William B. Boulton 1920 

William H. Burnett 1904 

Andrew L. Cobb 1919 

Peter Hauck, Jr 191 1 

James Lawrence Kearny 191 1 

Rev. Dr. J. Preston Searle 191 1 

Augustus C. Studer 191 2 

John L. Swayze 1920 

Edward T. H. Talmage 1902 

Alfred Rogers Turner 1907 

Hon. Bennet Van Syckel 191 7 

La Rue Vredenburgh, Jr 1891 


Since our last annual meeting the following new members 
have been elected: 


Hon. Warren Gamaliel Harding, Washing- 
ton, D. C, President of the United States. ..June 5, 1922 


Mrs. Edward S, Campbell, Newark Feb. 6, 1922 

Mrs. Wells P. Eagleton, Newark Apr. 3, 1922 

Charles A. Hanna, Montclair June 5, 1922 

Charles F. Heartman, Mctuchen Sept. II, 1922 

Rev. James M. Howard, Morristown Feb. 6, IO-- 

Mrs. James M. Howard, Morristown Feb. 6, 1922 















I92 2 







































1 022 










Annual Meeting of the New Jersey Historical Society 79 

Richard Howell, Devon, Chester Co., Pa May 3, 1922 

Merritt G. Perkins, Newark Feb. 6, 1922 

Dr. Ernest C. Richardson, Princeton Nov. 7, 1921 


Valentine Bjorkman, Newark June 

Richard Boardman, Jersey City Nov. 

Chaplain Warren P. Coon, Newark Apr. 

Fred W. DeCamp, Newark Jan. 

Wilbur A. Drake, Piainfield Jan. 

Everett Leroy Freeman, New Brunswick Oct. 

Harry A. Graham, Paterson Sept. 

Miss Lucile Green, Passaic Oct. 

Mrs. J. Vreeland Haring, Newark May 

Miss Isabel Hudiiut, Princeton Jan. 

William S. Hunt, Newark Sept. 

Mrs. Essie Newkirk Martin, Jersey City Oct. 

Myron W. Morse, Newark Maf. , 6, 

Mrs. Frederick J. Ogden, Glen Ridge Nov. 

Walter H. Olden, Princeton May 

Col. William Barclay Parsons, New York City. .Jan. 

Miss Marion Fitz Randolph, Piainfield Nov. 

Alfred J. Riley, Newark May 

William A'. Robbins, Brooklyn June 

Orra S. Rogers, Piainfield Nov. 

Mrs. Orra S. Rogers, Piainfield Nov. 

John J. Scannell. Paterson June 

Charles K. Seaman, Jr., Perth Amboy Apr. 

Elmer K. Sexton, Newark Dec. 

William M. Stillman, Piainfield Nov. 

Mrs. William M. Stillman, Piainfield Nov. 

Miss Katherine N. Stryker, Phillipsburg Feb. 

Frederick N. Voorhees, Bound Brook June 

Charles J. Werner, New York City Jan. 

Roger Young, Newark Oct. 

P'ive members have resigned. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. Lawrence Bogc.s, 
Chairman of Membership Committee. 

5, * 


7> 1 


3. » 


4, > 


9> 1 


9> 1 


11, i 


25. 1 


3, ] 


9> " 


11, i 


25, 1 


6, ] 






9> - 






























Vol. VIII, No. 2 

New Scries APRIL, 1923 

r^_ J~ - 1-1 . '.' . :'- ' '-. . / .- . f" 


New Jersey 

isiorica! Society 


A Quarterly Magazine 

Chiefly Devoted to 
New Jersey History, Biography and Genealogj' 



Entt-«d aa necond claaa matter August IS. 1917, at tho poat oflioa at Snuunlll^ 
New Jerwey, under tbo Act of Au*~uat 24, 1911. 

80 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 


OFFICERS FOR 1922-'23 




Vice Presidents 

Corresponding Secretary 
A. VAN DOREN HONEYMAN, Plainfield. N. J. 
Recording Secretary Treasurer 




Term expires, 1922 
James J. Bergen 
Wallace M. Scudder 
Edwin S. Lines 
William M. Johnson 


Term expires. 1924 
Frederick A. Canfield 
William S. Disbrow 
Adrian Lyon 
Philip V. R. VanWyck 
Louis Bamberger 

Term expires, 1925 
Hiram E. Deats 
W. I. Lincoln Adami 
Henry Young 
FHv.-ard F. Rankin 
William S. Hunt 

Louis Bamberger 
J. Lawrence Boggs 
Henry Young 

Frederick A. Canfield 
Joseph F. Folsom 

William S. Disbrow 
Frederick A. Canfield 

J. Lawrence Boggs 
Edwin S. Lines 
Frank Bergen 
W. I. Lincoln Adams 

A. Van Doren Honeyman 
Frank Bergen 

COMMITTEES, 1922-'23 

Finance and Building 

Wallace M. Scudder 
James J. Bergen 
William M. Johnson 


William S. Disbrow 
Charles W. Parker 
Mrs. W r . W. Cutler 

Cabinet and Museum 

Hiram E. Deats 
Mrs. W. W. Cutler 


Philip V. R. Van Wyck 
A. Van Doren Honeyman 
William S. Hunt 
Edward S. Rankin 


Joseph F. Folsom 
William S. Hunt 

Genealogy and Statistics 
The Woman's Branch — President, Mrs. Willard W. Cutler 

Colonial Documents 

A. Van Doren Honeyman 
James J. Bergen 
Hiram E. Deats 
W. I. Lincoln Adams 

Edwin R. Walker 
Adrian Lyon 
Ernest C. Richardson 
Joseph F. Folsom 


A. Van Doren Honeyman 
Joseph F. Folsom 

Edwin R. Walker 
William M. Johnson 

Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical 

fomfteft in tbc Beat 1S45 

Publication Committee : 

A. VAN DOREN HONEYMAN, Chairman and Editor. 





Genealogical-Index to Society's Books, etc. 81 

The Aboriginal Inhabitants of Union County. By Prof. 

Charles F. PJiilhowcr -------- 124 

Witches in New Jersey and Elsewhere. By Samuel Copp 

Worlhcn 139 

Revolutionary Letters Concerning the Hibernia Iron Furnace. 

(Concluded) ----------144 

A Young Man's Journal of 1800-1813. (Continued) - - - 150 

Necrology of Members --------- 154 

William Tuttle Carter — Augustus S. Crane — Dr. William S. 
Disbrow — James P. Duscnberry — Mrs. Eliza L. M. Dwight — 
John Palmer Hutchinson — Edward Kanouse — William 
Roome — Jeremiah Evarts Tracy. 

Historical Notes and Comments ------- 163 

The Genealogical-Index in this Number — Astray as to 
General Pike's Birthplace — A Museum Building for Newark 
---The Origin of Gloucester County — A Washington Irving 
Historic Vase — An Old Township Record Recovered — Reso- 
lutions Concerning Dr. Disbrow — The Friends' Early Work 
Among the Indians. 

Queries and Miscellany -- - - - - - -167 

Jennings— Anneka Jans— Thatcher-Opdycke— Herriott— Huff. 

The Proceedings is issued Quarterly, about the first of January, 
April, July and October. Terms included in Membership Dues; to 
others, $2.50 a year in advance; single numbers, 65 cents. Address: 

16 West Park St.. Newark. N. I. 


To Books, Pamphlets, MSS., Etc., in the New Jersey His- 
. 7 torical Society Library 


The lists given herewith arc approximately full as to the present (Feb- 
ruary, 1923) volumes, pamphlets, etc., in the Library of the New Jersey 
Historical Society. 

Family histories and vital records printed in local histories, not of 
New Jersey, are not included in the following lists, with a few excep- 
tions; nor are family genealogies published in New Jersey County His- 
tories and Biographical Encyclopedias of New Jersey. 
\ As to the tombstone inscriptions noted, it is to be said that few, later 

\ than 1850, or i860, have been copied, but there arc many exceptions. 
\ particularly in the southern part of the State. The law requiring the 
v ''» recording of vital records was passed in 1848, and, about 1878, the work 
was taken up by the Boards of Health, so that such records are now on 
file in the office of the State Board of Health, at Trenton. 

In 1795 the New Jersey Legislature passed an Act requiring the re- 
cording of marriages in the offices of the county clerks, and most of the 
\ New Jersey counties have records of marriages from 1795 to about 1875 
\or later. 

^^ For a nearly complete list of preserved church records of New Jersey, 
see Nelson's "Church Records in New Jersey," reprinted from the 
"Journal of the Presbyterian Historical Society," Vol. 2, nos. 4 and 5. 

New Jersey wills are filed in the office of the Secretary of State at 
Trenton, and were recorded there up to about 1804. Copies of wills pro- 
bated after 1804 are also to be found in the offices of the surrogates of 
the different counties. 

In the lists given, there is, necessarily, condensation in names of per- 
sons, churches, places of publication, etc. Among the briefer abbrevia- 
tions are the following, with their meaning : 

b. g. — burying ground. MS. — manuscript. 

c. — circa (about). N. J. H. S. — New Jersey Historical 

cem. — cemetery. Society. 

ch. — church. n. p. — no place of pub. stated. 

ch. yd. — churchyard. no. — number. 

Comp. — Compiler. p., or pp. — pages. 

Ed. — Editor t. s. — tombstones. 

fam. — family. v.— volume, or volumes. 

gr. yd. — graveyard. v. d. — various dates. 

Names of authors, publishers, or place or date of publication in 
parentheses, indicate that they do not appear on the title pages but are 
gleaned from other sources. 


of the 

New Jersey Historical Society 

^~^u7 ~rST\^" No72 


To Books, Pamphlets, MSS., Etc., in the New Jersey His- 
torical Society Library 

Prepared by Miss Maud E. Johnson, Assistant Librarian 


Allaben, Frank. — Concerning Genealogies, N. Y., c. 1904, 7ip. 

Americana.— Somerville and N. Y., Amer. Hist. Soc, i6v. quarterly. 

American Ancestry. — Albany, 1887-1899, v. 1-9, 11-12. 

American Genealogist. — March, April, 1899, v. 1, nos. 1, 2. 

Ancestor. — Apr., 1902, Westminster, Eng., 1902. 282p. 

Arthur, William. — Etymological Dictionary of Family and Christian 
Names, N. Y., 1857, 30op. 

Austin, J. O. — American Authors' Ancestry, Providence, 191 5, 107?. 
Same. — Ancestry of 33 Rhode Islanders, Albany, 1889, I39p. 
Same. — Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island, Albany, 1887, 443P- 

Beckwith, Paul. — Creoles of St. Louis, St. Louis, 1S93, i6qp. 

Beekman, G. C. — Early Dutch Settlers of Monmouth County, N. J., 
1901, 165P. 

Bergen, T. G.— Register of Early Settlers of Kings Co., N. Y.. i88i,452P- 

Blackman, Leah. — Geneal. and Biog. Account of First Settlers in Little 
Egg Harbor Township. (In "Proceedings, etc., of the Survey- 
ors' Ass'n. of West N. J.," 1880, pp. 241-400). 

Bond, Henry. — Geneal. of Early Settlers of Watertown, Bost., 1855, 

Boutell, Charles.— English Heraldry, N. Y., 1871, Z47V- 

Bowditch, N. I. — Suffolk Surnames, Loud., 1861, 757p. 

British American Claim Agency.— Index Register. N. Y. (18S6), nop. 

British Record Society. — Index Library, Lond., 1SSS-1907, 43V. 

84 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

Brown, Ahicl. — Gencal. Hist of West Simsbury, Hartford, 1856, 15111. 

Bunker, M. P. — Long Island Genealogies, Albany, 1895, 35op. 

Burke, Sir B. — History of Landed Gentry of Gt. Britain & Ireland, Lond., 

1882, 2V. 
California Genealogical Society. — Cal. Register, v. 1, no. 1, April, 1900, 

Chambers, T. F. — Early Germans of N. J., Dover, 1895, 66;p. 
Clement. J. — Settlers in Newton Township, N. J., Camden, 1877, 442p. 
Coe, E. E. — Index to Genealogies, MS., 95p. 
Congar, S. H. — Gencal. Notices of First Settlers of Newark, N. J. (in 

"Historical Society Collections," v. 6; Supp.. pp. 105-153). 
Conn. Historical Society. — List of Family Genealogies in Library, Hart- 
ford. 1901, 3op. 
Cooley, E F. — Geneal. of Early Settlers in Trenton and Ewing, Trenton, 

18S3, 336p. 
Craig, H. Stanley. — History of Petersburg, N. J., Tuckahoe, 1913, I52p. 
Crayon, J. P. — Genealogies, 14 Pamphlets. 

Same. — Rockaway Records of Morris Co. Families, Rockaway, 

1902, 300p. 
Crosely, A. — Peerage of Ireland, Dublin, 1725, 346p. 
Crozier, \V. A. — General Armory, N. Y., 1904, 155P. 
Cummins, G. W. — Geneal. and Personal (in "History of Warren Co., 
, f N. J.," N. Y„ 1911, pp. 273-433)- 

Cutter, W. R. — American Families; Genealogical & Heraldic, N. Y., 

n. d., 248P. 
Cutter, \V. R. and others. — Geneal. History of Conn., N. Y., 191 1, 4v. 
^Deats, Hiram E., Ed. — Jerseyman (Hunterdon Co., N. J., records & 

geneal.). Flemington, 1891-1905, uv. 
\ Dougal, F. H. & Co. — Index Register to Next of Kin, Lond., n. d., I28p. 
Durrie, D. S. — Index to American Genealogies, Albany, 1868. 296P. 

Same. — Alphabetical Index to Genealogies, Albany, 1886, 245P ; 4th 

ed., 1895, 282p. ; Supp., 1886, 6ip. 
Egc, Ralph. — Pioneers of Old Hopewell, Hopewell, 1908. 290p. 
Fothergill, G. — List of Emigrant Ministers to America. 
Gage, Mrs. M. E. — Royal Descent, n. p., 1019, 32p. 
Genealogical Guide to Early Settlers in America, v. p. 
^ Genealogical Notes of First Settlers in N. J., MS., 2p. 
Genealogical Quarterly Magazine. — Salem, April, 1900-Oct. 1904, except 

July & Oct., '04. 
Gentry, T. G. — Family Names from Irish, Anglo-Saxon, etc., Phil., 1892, 

Greener, J. H. — Families of Courtcr, DeCamp, Gould, Greener, Hunter, 

Lathrop, MacCarton, Shippen, Winams & Yeomans, or You- 

mans, typewritten, ov. 

Gcncalogical-Indcx 85 

Same. — From a Family Bible Bought at Auction ; Ward, Syden- 
ham, etc., MS. 

Greenlaw, L. H., Pub.— Genealogical Advertiser, Cambridge, 1898-90, 2v. 

llagar, S. B. F. — Ker-Genealogy, History and Verse. (N. Y.), 1900. I55p. 

Hall, J. F. — Genealogy (In "Daily Union," History of Atlantic City & 
County, 1901, pp. 369-441. 

Hammatt, Abraham. — Early Inhabitants of Ipswich, Mass., n. p., 1880, 
7 Pts. 

Hanna, Chas. A. — Ohio Valley Genealogies, N. Y., 1900, I28p. 

Harrison, W. W. — Royal Ancestry of George Leib Harrison, Phila., 
1914, I22p. 

Hartford Daily Times. — Genealogical Dept., Clippings, 1901. 

Harvey, C. B. — Geneal, Hist, of Hudson and Bergen Cos., N. J., N. Y., 
1900, 61 7 p. 

Haskell, F. W. — Comprehensive Method of Arrangement for Geneal. 
Records, Niagara Falls, 1900. 

Hinman, R. R. — Catalogue of First Puritan Settlers of Conn., Hartford, 
1852, 6 pts; Same, 884P. 
Same. — Catalogue of Names of the Puritan Settlers of Conn., Hart- 
ford, 1846, 336P. 

Honevman, A. Van Doren, Ed. — Somerset Co. Historical Quar., I9i2-'i9, 

\ 8v ' 

Hotten, J. C. — Original Lists of Persons who Went from Great Britain 

; to America, N. Y., 1874, 58op. 

Howard, J. J. — Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica, Lond., n. d. 

Howe, H. S. — Mayflower Pilgrim Descendants in Cape May, N. J., 
1620-1920, Cape May, 1921, 464P. 

Howell, G. R.— Early Hist, of Southampton, L. I., N. Y., with Geneal- 
ogies, Ed. 2, Albany, 1887, 473p. 

Hoyt, D. W. — Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury, Mass., Provi- 
dence, 1897, 2V. 

Johnson, R. W. — Ancestry of Rosalie Morris Johnson (Phila.), 1905, 

Jordan, John W., Ed. — Colonial and Rev. Families of Pennsylvania. 
N. Y., 1911, 3v. 
Same. — Geneal. and Personal History of Western Pennsylvania. 
N. Y., 1915, 3v. 

Labaw, G. W. — Some Old Prcakncss Families (in his "Prcakness and 
the Preak. Ref. Church." Passaic County, N. J.), N. Y., 1902. 

Lee, Francis B. — Geneal. and Personal Memorial of Mercer Co., N. J., 
N. Y., 1907, 2v. 
Same. — Genealogical and Mem. Hist, of N. J., N. Y., 1910, 4V. 

Leonard, O. B. — Outline Sketches of Pioneer Progenitors of Piscataway 
Planters, 1666- 171 6, N. Y., 1890, 31 p. 

86 Procccdinqs Nav Jersey Historical Society 

Littell, J. — Family Records of First Settlers of Passaic Valley, Felt- 

villc, 1851, 514P. (Also an annotated copy). 
Lloyd, H. W. — Lloyd Manuscripts, Lancaster, Pa., 1912, 437P. 
Lodge, Edmund. — Peerage of the British Empire, Lond., 1877, 8o2p. 
Mackenzie, G. N., Ed. — Colonial Families of U. S. of America, 1607- 

1775, Bait., I9i2-'i4, v. 3 and v. 4. 
McPike, E. F. — Extracts from British Archives, N. Y., 1910, 28p. 

Same. — Genealogical Memoranda, MS. and pamphlets, Chic, n. d. 
Same. — Romance of Genealogy, n. p., 2ip. 
Maine Genealogical Society. — Annual Report, Portland. 
Martin, G. C. — Shark River District, Monmouth County, N. J., and 
Geneal. of Chambers, Corliss, Drummond. Morris, Potter, 
Shafto, Webley & White, Asbury Park, 1914, 98p. 
Matthews, John. — American Armoury and Blue Book, Lond., n. d., 416?. 
Same. — Hints for tracing an Anglo-American Pedigree in the 
Old Country, Lond., n. d., 28p. 
Mervine, \V. M — Genealogical Register, Phil., 1913, v. I, 332p. 
Morristown. — 1st Prcs. Ch. Combined Registers. 1742-1891 (In "Hist. 

of the Church," Pt. 2. 328p). 
Morse, Abner. — Geneal. of Descendants of Several Ancient Puritans, 

Bost., 1857, 361 + i8p. 
Munscll, Joel, Pub. — Collections on History of Albany, Albany, 1865, 4v, 
jBamc. — Index to American Genealogies, Albany, 1895, 282p. ; Same, 

Same. — Supplement to foregoing. Albany, 1909. 
Same. — List of Titles of Genealogical articles in Am. Periodicals. 
Albany, 1899, 165P. 
Nash, E. T. — Fifty Puritan Ancestors, New Haven, 1902, I7ip. 
National Hist. Soc. — Journal of Am. Genealogy, Jan. 1921, v. 1. 
Nelson, William. — Church Records in N. J. (reprinted from "Jour. 
of the Prcs. Hist. Soc," v. 2, nos. 3 and 4.) 
Same. — Genealogies (in his "History of Paterson and County of 

Passaic, N. ].," Paterson, 1901). 
Same. — Biog. and Gen. Notes (in "N. J. H. S. Collections," v. 9, 

Same. — Some Jersey Dutch Genealogy, 1912, I9p. 
Same. — Van Houtcn Manuscripts, Paterson, 1894, i97p. 
Nelson, Wm., and Schriner, C. A. — Pioneer families (in their "History 

of Paterson and its Environs," v. 2. nip.). 
N. E. Hist. Gen. Soc. — Miscellaneous Publications, Bost., 1852, v. p. 
Same. — Register, v. 1-76; Indexes to v. 1-50; Persons, 3v. ; Places 

iv.; Subject, iv. 
Same. — Proceedings, 1872- 1922. 
Same. — Rolls of Membership, 1844-91, Bost., 1892, 149P. 


Gcncalogical-lndcx £7 

N. H. Gen. Society. — N. H. Genealogical record, 1903-1909, Dover, n. d., 

6 v. in 3v. 
New Netherlands Register. — X. Y., 191 1, 2v. 

N. Y. Gen. and Biog. Soc. — N. Y. Gen. and Biog. Record, v. 1-53. 
v \ Same. — 25th Anniversary, 1869-1894. N. Y., 1895, 8ip. 

N. Y. Public Library. — Index to Geneal. in N. Y. Pub. Libr., N. Y., 

1897, 4 Pts. 
Newark Daily Advertiser. — Geneal. in Newark Free Libr. and in N. J. 
V H. S., 2 clippings. 

Newark Evening News. — Jersey Genealogy, Scrap books, 5V. 
Next of Kin Gazette. — London, 1S81, 2 nos. 
Notman, W. — Portraits of British Americans. (Ogden pamphlets, p. 

Old Northwest Gen. Quar. — Columbia, O., 1898-1911, v. 1-15. 
Our Home. — A. V. D. Honeyman, Ed. Various Somerset co. families, 

Somerville, 1893. 
Pennsylvania Geneal. Soc. — Publications. Phil., 1895, I$K>3, v - ! » no - x > 

v. 3, nos. 1-3. 
Pierson, J. — Geneal. Record of Pioneer Families of Avon, Rochester, 

1 87 1, 32p. 
Potter, C. E. — Geneal. of Some Old Families of Concord, Bost., 1887, 

Prominent Families of N. Y. — Index, X. Y., n. d., 52p. 
Putnam's Monthly Historical Magazine. — Salem, 1892, 6 nos. 
Reynolds, Cuyler ; Pumpclly. J. C. and Jordan, J. M. — Annals of Am. 

Families, N. Y., n. d., jv. 
Rich, A. B. — Genealogical Records, pamphlets. 

Riker, Jas., Jr. — Geneal. History (in his "Annals of Newtown," 1852, 
v \ L. I., pp. 269-410). 

Same. — Notices of Patentees and their Heirs (in his "Harlem," 

1881, pp. 480-580). 
Rodenbough, T. F. — Autumn Leaves from Family Trees, N. Y., 1892, 

Royal Kalendar and Register for England. — Lond., 1828. v. p. 
v Rupp, I. D. — Collection of 30.000 Names of Immigrants in Pa., 1727- 
V 1776. Phil., 1870. 4Q5P- 

Salisbury. E. E. and E. M. — Family Histories and Geneal., 3v. and 

Supp.. 1892. 
Salisbury, E. E. — Seventeen Pedigrees from Family Memorials, N. 
V Haven, 18S5, charts. 

Salter, Edwin. — Geneal. Record of Settlers of Monmouth and Ocean 

Cos. (in his "History of Monmouth and Ocean Cos.," 1890. 

pp. I-LXXX). 

88 Proceedings Nciv Jersey Historical Society 

Savage, James. — Geneal. Dictionary of N. England, Bost., i860, 4V. 

and index. 
Sellers, E. J. — Allied Families of Delaware, Phil., ioor, I7ip. 

Same. — Supplement to Genealogies, Phil.. 1922, ~3p. 
Shourds, Thos. — History and Geneal. of Fenwick's Colony, Bridgeton, 

N. J., 1876, 553P- 
Sims, C. S. — Origin and Signification of Scottish Surnames, Alb., 1862, 

Sinnott, M. E. — Index of Geneal. and Hist. Queries and Answers in 

N. Y. "Mail and Express," 191 1, v. 1. 
Small, Samuel. — Genealogical Records, Phil., 1905, 363P. 
Somerset County Historical Quarterly (see Honeyman, A. Van Doren, 
? Ed.). 

Stearns, E. S. and others. — Geneal. Hist, of N. Hampshire, N. Y., 

1908, 4v. 
Stiles, H. R. — Handbook of Practical Suggestions in Geneal., Alb., 

1899, 55P- 
^Stillwell, J. E. — Historical and Geneal. Miscellany. N. Y. and N. J. ; 

N. Y., 1903, etc., 4v. ; v. 1 and 2 Records; v. 3 and 4 Geneal. 
Symmes, F. R— Genealogical Notes (in his "Hist, of Old Tennent 

Church," 2nd Edition, 1904, pp. 389-468). 
Talcott, S. V.— Geneal. Notes of N. Y. and N. E. Families, Alb., 1892, 

Toler, A. P. — New Harlem Register, N. Y., 1903, 617 -h 46p. 
Tomlin, Chas. — Cape May Spray, Phil., c. 1913, 124P. 

/U. S. Census.— Heads of Families at First Census of U. S., taken 1790, 
Washington, 1908, I2v. 
U. S. Library of Congress. — American and English Geneal. in Libr. 

of Congress, Washington, 1910, 805P. (Second Ed., 1919). 
Vermont, E. deV. — America Heraldica, N. Y.. c. 1886, I90p. 
Warner, C. F. — Representative Families of Northampton, Northampton, 

1917, 4iip. 
Waters, H. F. — Genealogical Gleanings in Eng., Bost., 1901, 2v. 
\ Watson, A. R. — Some Notable Families of America, N. Y., 1898, nop. 
Werner, C. J. — Geneal. of Long Island Families, N. Y., 1910, I70p. 
Whitehead, W. A.— The Citizens (in his "Early History of Perth 

Amboy," pp. 59-146). 
Whitmore, W. H. — American Genealogist. 1001. 

Whittemore, Henry. — Families (in his "History of Montclair," 1894, 
pp. 175-270. 
Same. — Founders and Builders of the Oranges, 1666-1896, Newark. 

1896, 468p. 
Same. — Heroes of the American Rev. and Descendants, 1897, I97P- 
Winfield, C. H. — Genealogies (in his "History of the County of Hudson. 

N. J."), N. Y., 1874, PP. 424-501. 
Woodin, M. C. — Family Records. Phil., 191 1, n. p. 

Genealogical-Index 89 


Abecl and Allied Families. — By H. Whittemore, Bklyn., 1899, 24p. 
Ackers (see Shearer, Ackers and Bryan). 
Adams. — By A. Adams, Boston, 1905, 8p. 
Adams.— By H. Whittemore, N. Y., 1S93, 84P. 
Alison (or Allison). — By L. A. Morrison, Bost., 1893, 3i2p. 
Allen.— By G. \V. Allen, Laporte, Ind., 1914. 
Aliens (see Ailing). 

Allerton.— By \V. S. Allerton, Chic, 1900. 149?. 
Ailing-Aliens.— By G. P. Allen, N. Haven. 1899, 3*7P- 
Ammonet. — By C. \V. Bransford, n. d., 6p. 
Anderson. — By L. Anderson, 1896, MS., 2p. 
Anderson (see Hill, Dean, Pinckney, Austin, etc.). 
Andrews. — By H. F. Andrews, Audobon, la., 1890, 234P. 
Annin.— (By F. J. Drecr), Phila., (1886), i;p. 
d'Anterroches. — By J. deDienne, Riom, 1902, I23p. 
Antill. — By William Nelson, Paterson, 1899, 36op. 
Armstrong. — By W. C. Armstrong, n. p., 1895, 20ip. 
Armstrong. — By A. H. Pierson, (1900), i^p., typewritten. 
Atkinson. — By J. B. Atkinson. Earlington, 1890, 40p. 
Atwater. — By E. S. Atwater, N. Haven, 1873, 64P. 
Atwater. — By Francis Atwater, Meriden, Conn., 1901, 492p. 
Austin (see Hill, Dean, Pinckney, etc.). 
Avery.— By E. J. Sellers, Phila., 1898, 55p. 

Avery< Fairchild and Park. — By S. Avery. Hartford, 1919, ISip. 
Axtell.— By E. S. Axtcll, Comp., Morristown, 1886, 6Sp. 
Aylsworth. — By H. E. Aylsworth, Providence, 1887, 495p. 
Aymar. — By B. Aymar, N. Y., 1903, 65P. 
Ayres. — By W. H. Whitrnore, Bost., 1870, 55 p. 
Ayres-Bryam. — By C. H. Ayres, Detroit, n. d., n. p. 
Ayres (see in "Truman" book). 
Badcock.— By W. S. Appleton. Bost.. 1881. up. 
Baker. — By W. S. Appleton, Cambridge, 1870, 142P. 
Bailey (see Putnam). 
-^ Bailey and Weaver. — By J. T. Bailey, Phila., 1892, 54P. 

Baird. — By Anna C. B. Wyckoff (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.," v. 7, 

P- 132). 
Balch.— By T. W. Balch. Phila., 1907. 4ip. 
Baldwin.— By C. C. Baldwin, Bost., 1872. I5p. 
Baldwin. — By C. C. Baldwin, Cleveland, 1S81, 974P ; Supp., Cleveland, 

1889, 399P- 
Baldwin. — By S. Congar and L. D. Baldwin. 
Ball. — By N. Ball. Newport, 1891, l«jp. 
Ball. — (In "Our Journal," Oct., 1901), 32p. 
Ball.— Chart. 
Ballou. — By A. Ballou, Providence, c. 1888, 1323P. 

90 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

Banta.— By T. M. Banta. N. Y.. 1893, 4i2p. 

Barber-Eno. — By G. R. Howe, Newark, 1893, 4°P- 

Barker.— By J. C. Parshall, (Middletown, 1897), 36p. 

Barker (see Hill, Dean, Pinckney, Austin, etc.). 

Barlow.— By G. Barlow, (Bklyn., 1891), 5oSp. 

Barnes.— By T. C. Barnes, N. Y., 1907, 3v. 

Barney.— By \V. F. Adams, Springfield, Mass., 1912, 133P. 

Barney (see Hosiner). 

Barton.— By W. E. Barton, Oak Park, 111., 1900, 148P. 

Bartow.— By E. P. Bartow, Bait., n. d., 2i8p. 

Bartow. — By E. Bartow, Supp., n. p., 1886. iop. 

Baskerville. — By P. H. Baskerville, Richmond, 1917, 178P. 

Bass (see Mullins). 

Bass.— By E. Alden, (1863V MS.; 4p. 

Bassett.— By B. F. Leeds, Phila., 1SS6, chart. 

Bavis.— By S. A. Bavis, Phila., 1880, 9p. 

Bayeaux (see Putnam). 

Beach.— (By M. E. Beach), Hartford, 1912, 37p. 

Beatty.— By C. C. Beatty, Steubenville, O. (1873), I20p. 

Beckwith.— Elkhorn, Wis., 1899, 88p. 

Beeckman (see Putnam). 

Beekman. — By \Y. B. Allen, N. Y.. 12-266-13P. 

Benson.— (By W. P. G.), N. Y., 1872, 6sp. 

Benton. — By J. H. Benton, Jr., Bost., 1901, 354P. 
y Bergen. — By T. G. Bergen, Albany, 1876, 6s8p. 
' Betts.— By C. W. Betts, in copy of "Alfred the Great," MS. 

Bibighaus.— (By S. H. Bibighaus), n. p., (18S8), 44P. 

Bicknell.— (By T. W. Bicknell), Bost.. 1880, 90p. 

Biddle and Parke.— By H. D. Biddle. Phila.. 1892, 87p. 

Bigelow. — By G. B. Howe, Worcester, 1890, 517P. 

Bigelow. — By S. F. Bigelow, (Newark, 1897), I5p. 

Binney — By C. J. F. Binney, Albany, 18S6, 278p. 

Blair. — By E. W. Leavitt, Bost., 1900, 194P. 

Blatchford.— By S. Blatchford, N. Y., 1871, 104P. 

Bliss. — By C. A. Hopper, Hartford. 1923, i83p. 

Bodine (see Sinnott, Rogers, Cofrin). 

Boggs. — By W. E. Boggs, Halifax, 1916, 95p. . 

Bolton.— By C. K. Bolton, Albany, 1899, 8sp. 

Bonaparte. — Bait., 1806, 303P. 

Bond & Price.— By Mrs. Daniel Price, N. Y., 1872. 33p. 

Bontecou.— By J. E. Morris, Hartford, 1885, 27ip. ; Supp., 1887, 29P. 

Boone. — By R. N. Mayfield, N. Y., 1902, not paged. 

Boone (see Mayfield, Short, Tate). 

Booth. — By C. E. Booth, N. Y., 1910, 259P. 

Borden. — By T. A. Glenn, Phila., 1901, isp. 


Genealogical-I ndcx 9 1 

Bordlcy.— By Mrs E. B. Gibson, Phila., 1865. 158P. 

Borton & Mason. — By F. C. Mason, Dowagiac, Mich., n. d. 

Boudinot (see Putnam). 

Bouton-Boughton. — By J. Boughton, Albany, 1890, 684P. 

Bowen. — By E. A. Bowen, Cambridge, 1897, 247P. 

Bower.— By C. C. Baldwin, Reprint, \V. C. Sharpe, in "Hist, of Sey- 
mour, Conn.." 8p. 

Bowne. — By M. K. Realing. Flemington, 1903, 47p. 

Boyd. — By A. V. D. Honeyman (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.," v. 7, p. 280). 

Boylan. — By A. V. D. Honeyman (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar., v. 6, p. 9S). 

Bradbury.— By \Y. B. Lapham, Portland, 1890, 320p. 

Bradley.— By J. P. Bradley, Newark, 1894, 69p. 

Braincrd.— By D. D. Field, N. Y., 1857, 303P. 

Brcarly. — 7 clippings. 

Breed— By J. B. Coates, Mystic, Conn., 1901, (i3p). 

Brett. — By L. B. Goodenow, (Cambridge) 191 5, 535P- 

Brewster.— By E. C. B. Jones, N. Y., 1908, 2v. 

Briggs. — By S. Briggs, Cleveland, 1878, 5op. 

Brigham.— By A. Morse, Bost, 1859, 96p. 

Brinckerhoff.— By Various Comp., N. Y., 1887, i88p. 

Britton. — By E. E. Britton. Bklyn., 1901, sop. 

Brockett. — By E. J. Brockett and others, E. Orange, 1905, 266p. 

Brockman (see Clark, Parks, Dean. Davis). 

Brooks.— By T. \V. Balch. Phila., 1899, 64P. 

Brown. — By A. Brown, (Bern, 1912), I2p. 

Bruce.— By L. H. Weeks, N. Y., c. 1907, 352p. 

Brunson (Brinson). — By W. H. Benedict (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.," 
v. 3, p. 289). 

Bryan (see Shearer, Acker). 

Bryant (see Carteret). 

Buck.— By W. J. Buck. Phila., 1893. M2p. 

Buckingham. — By J. Buckingham and M. J. Tilton, Chic, 1892, 256P. 

Budd. — By E. H. Lum. Chatham, 1917, I9p. 

Burbeen. — By J. B. Walker, Concord, N. H., 1892, 52p. 

Burke.— By J. A. Boutelle, Bost., 1864, 239P. 

Burnet. — By W. Burnet, 4 pamphlets, MS. 

Burnet. — By H. W. Burnet (from "Elizabeth Daily Journal," 2 clip- 

Burnet (see Whipple. Wright, Wazcr, etc.). 

Burr.— By C. B. Todd, N. Y., 1891. 535P. 

Burr. — By X. Little, Hartford Times, 6-5-1901, clipping. 

Burton. — Blue print chart. 

Butler.— By J. D. Butler, Albany, 18S8. i62p. 

Butters.— By G. Butters, Chic, 1897, 466p. 

Butts.— (By A. Butts), Poughkeepsie (1898), 153P. 

92 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

Byram (see Ayres). 

Cadwalader. — By Wharton Dickinson. Homesdale. n. d., I74P, MS. 

Caldwell. — By Mrs. Sumner Kimball, Ipswich. 1894. 4V. 

Canfield & Camfield. — By F. A. Canfield, Dover, 1897, 200p. and 2$ 

Cannon. — By C. D. Williams, N. Y., 191 2, 54p. 
Carpenter. — By J. Usher, X. Y., n. d., jop. 
Carpenter. — By E. and L. H. Carpenter, Phila., 1912, 3i9p. 
Carpenter (see Lloyd). 

Carteret and Bryant.— By C. R. Baetjer, N. Y., 1887. 56p. 
Casad and Stites. — By E. A. James, Springfield, 111., 1914. 23p. 
Champion. — By F. B. Trowbridge, New Haven, 1891, 55$p. 
Chapman. — By Jacob Chapman, Concord, N. H., 1893, I39p. 
Chetwynd. — By H. E. C. Stapylton. N. Y., 1892, 264P. 
Christie. — By Walter Christie, not. p. (1919), 26p. 
Church. — By E. A. Emens, Rochester, 1920, 8op. 
Clark.— By G. W. Clark, Detroit, 1898, 74P. 
Clark.— By H. S. Clark,, Newburgh, 1892, 8p. 
Clark, King and Hutchinson. — By J. E. Salisbury, Asbury Park, 1917, 

Qark, Parks, Brockman, Dean, Davis and Goss. — By H. W. Clark. 

Montgomery, Ala., 1905, v. p. 
Clarke. — By W. W. Johnson, N. Greenfield, Wis., 1884, 170 4- I4P- 
Clarke.— By G. A. Morrison, N. Y. (1902), 337P. 
Clarkson. — By F. W. Leach, 19P reprinted from Phil. N. Am., Aug. 

' 18, 1912. 
Clay. — Chart. 
Cleaveland (see Putnam). 

Cleveland. — By H. G. Cleveland, Chic, 1899, 26op. 
Cleveland— By J. B. Cleveland, Albany, 1881, 48p. 
Cleveland. — By E. J. and H. G. Cleveland. Hartford, 18S9, 3 V - 
Coddington. — By H. G. Coddington, Syracuse, 1907, 2 pamphlets. 
Codington. — By L. M. Codington (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.," v. 2. 

P- 125). 
Coe. — By J. G. Bartlett, Bost., 191 1, 654P. 
Coe. — (By D. B. Coe), N. Y., 1856, 2 pamphlets, i6p. each. 
Coe. — By D. B. Coe and E. A. Lloyd, Cincinnati. 1885, i6p. 
Coffin— By W. S. Appleton, Bost., 1893, 86p. ; 1896, 53p. 
Coffin (see Sinnott, Rogers, etc.). 
Cole (see Kool, Scrven). 
Collin. — Hudson, 1872, 124P. 

Collins.— By J. Collins and others, Phila., 1893, 164P. 
Colver and Rosenberger.— By J. L. Rosenberger, Chicago, 1922, 407P. 
Conant.— By F. O. Conant. Chart. 
Condit.— By J. H. and E. Condit, Newark. 1885, 42ip. ; 1916, 470p. 

Genealogical-I ndex 93 

Coney.— By Thomas Hills, Bost., 1906, I3p. 

Conkling. — By F. J. Conkling, (Salem), 11. d., up. 

Conkling. — By I. B. Conkling, Washington, 1913, I32p. 

Conover. — By C. H. Conover, Phila., 1912, 7~p. 

Cook. — n. p., n. d., I2p. 

Cool (see Kool). 

Cooper. — By A. E. Cooper, (1894), 6p. 

Cooper. — By J. R. Stevenson, (1894?), 50p. 

Cooper. — By J. P. Crayon, Rockaway, N. J., 1894, I3p. 

Cooper. — By H. M. Cooper, (Camden, 1896), 2ip. 

Cooper-Runyon. — By A. E. Cooper, Chart. 

Copeland. — By C. F. Copeland, n. p., 1914, I3p. 

Corlics (see Sinnott, Rogers, Coffin, etc.). 

Cortelyou (Origin). — By J. J. DeMott (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.," v. 

1, p. 103. 
Corwin.— By E. T. Corwin, N. Y., 1872, 32 -f 284P. 
Cory. — By H. C. Dickinson, N. Y., 1914, 113P. 
Cory and Mulford. — n. p., n. d., 72p. 
Coursen. — By F. E. Woodruff, N. Y., 1909, 23p. 
Courter (see Greener, J. H., in "Genea. Works," post.). 
Cox. — By H. M. Cox, N. Y., 1912, 345P. 
Craighead. — By J. G. Craighead, Phila., 1876, 173P. 
Crane. — By W. S. Appleton, Cambridge, 1868, 89p. 
Crane. — By A. Crane, Boston, 1893, 26p. 
Crane. — (By A. S. Crane), Elizabeth, 1874, 44p. 
Crane. — By E. B. Crane, Worcester, 1895, 1900, 2v. 
Crane. — By J. G. Crane, Elizabeth, 1899, 24p. 
Crater (see Greter, Grater). 

Crehore.— By C. F. Crehore, Wellesley Hills, 1887, 34P- 
Croes. — By J. H. Clark, 3p., typewritten. 
Crosby. — By Nathan Crosby, Lowell, 1877, I43p. 
Cummings. — By George Mooar, Comp., N. Y., 1903, 532p. 
Cushman. — By H. W. Cushman, Bost., 1855, 665p. 
Cutts.— By C. H. C. Howard, Albany, 1892, 6s8p. 
Davenport. — By A. B. Davenport, N. Y., 1851, 398p. 
Davis (see Clark, Parks, Brockman, Dean). 
Dawson. — By C. C. Dawson, Albany, 1874, 572p. 
Day. — (By H. E. Day), Northampton, 1848, I29p. 
(Dayton-Tomlinson). — By L. D. Fessenden, Cooperstown, 1902, 220p. 
Dean (see Clark, Parks, Brockman, Davis). 
Dean (see Hill, Pinckney, Austin, etc.). 
Deane.— By J. W. Dean, Bost., 18S8, I2p. 
De Camp. — By G. A. Morrison, Albany, 1900, 77p. 
De Camp (see Greener, J. H., in "Gencal. Works," post.). 
De Carpenticr.— By E. J. Sellers, Phila., 1909, 59p. 

94 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

de Homers (see Homer). 

Dc Kay.— By M. M. Lawrence, (1897), Clipping, Z X A cols. 

Delamater, Le Maiire.— By L. De la Mater, Albany, 1882, 22op. 

Demarcst (see Des Marcst). 

Dennis. — By C. K. Stickney, Decktertown. 1904, ;6p. 

Dennison.— By A. L. Dennison, Exeter, X. H., 1906. u8p. 

Denny.— (By C. C. Denny), Leicester, Mass., 1886, 268p. 

Derby.— By A. V. D. Bromley, X. Y., 1905, 141P. 

Des Marest (Demarest). — See "Huguenots on the Hackensack," 1886, 

pp. 20-23. 
De Vcaux.— By T. F. De Voe, (X. Y.), 1885, 302p. 
Dewey.— By A. M. and L. M. Dewey. Westfield, Mass., 1898, injp. 
De Witt.— By T. G. Evans, X. Y., 1881, i8p. 
Dexter. — By K. P. Dexter. X. Y., 1904, 279?. 

Dickerman. — By E. D. and G. S. Dickerman, X. Haven, 1897, 650?. 
Dickinson (see Sargent, Sergent, Spencer ). 
Dickson.— By S. H. Dickson, Albany, 1889, 223D. 
Diamond (or Dimon). — By E. R. Dimond, Albany, 1891, i"9p. 
Doane.— Bost., 1902, $2>2>V- 

Dod. — By Stephen Dodd., E. Haven, 1839, 24P. 
Dodd. — By B. L. Dodd and J. R. Burnet, Xewark, 1864, 22ip. 
Dodd. — By B. L. Dodd, Cleveland, n. d., up. Reprint in "Baldwin 

Dodge. — By T. R. Woodward, Chic, 1904, 235p. 
Doremus. — By Wm. Xelson, Paterson, 1897, 232p. 
Doty-Doten— By E. A. Doty, Bklyn., 1897, 1035P. 
Downer. — By D. R. Downer, Xewark, 1900, 244P. 
Drinker.— By H. D. Biddle. Phila., 1893, 30p. 
Du Bois.— By W. E. Du Bois and others. Phila., 1876, I58p. 
Dudley.— By D. Dudley. Bost., 1848. 144P. 
Dudley.— (In Granite Monthly, April, 18S8). 

Duke-Shepherd-von Metre. — By S. G. Smyth, Lancaster, 1909, 445p. 
Dumont. — By J. B. Dumont (in "Som Co. Hist. Quar.," v. 1, pp. 106. 

Dumont (see McPike, Guest). 

Dunham. — By I. W. Dunham, Xorwich, (1907), 363P. 
Dunham. — By O. B. Leonard, Clippings, 65p. 
\ Dunnel and Dwinncll.— By H. G. Dunnel. X. Y., 1862. 84P. 
Dunster.— By S. Dunster, Central Falls, R. I., 1876, 333p. 
Dupuy. — By C. M. and Herbert Dupuy, Phila., 1910, 165P. 
Dutcher. — By Henry Whittemore, Watertown, 1902, 76p. 
Dwinncll (sec Dunnel). 

Dyar. — By H. G. Dyar, Washington, 1903, 32p. 
Early. — By S. S. Early, Albany, 1896, 53P. 
Eastman.— By G. Rix, Concord, 1901, loop. 

Gcnealogical-Indcx 95 

Eaton.— By J. E. Aldcn, Dedham, iooo, 6;p. 

Eberhart.— By U. Ebcrhart, (Chic), 1S91. 263P. 

Edson and Pinney.— By Mrs. H. I. H. Wells and H. W. Van Dyke, 

Albany, 1901, 98p. 
Edwards.— By J. H. Edwards, Bklyn., 1907, 28p. 
Edwards.— (By J. E. Wood'oridqe). Bost., 1871, 2o6p. 
Elliot.— By H. A. Kimball, Concord, 1918, 124P. 

Elmendorf.— By Charles Maar (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.," v. 6, p. 194). 
Ely.— (By Ely Association), X. Y., 1879, is8p. 
Ely.— By M. S. Beach and \V. Ely. N. Y., 1902, 639P. 
Ely, Revell and Stacye.— By R. P. Ely, N. Y., 1910, 445P. 
Eno (see Barber-Eno). 

Eoff.— By A. V. D. Honeyman (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.," v. 7, p. 284). 
Estes. — By Chas. Estes, Salem. Mass., 1S84, 40ip. 
Evans. — By J. D. Evans, n. p., n. d., 9Qp. 
Evelyn.— By G. D. Scull, Oxt'ord, 1881, 39^p. 
Evertson (see Putnam). 

Ewing. — By P. K. and M. E. Ewing, Houston, 1919, 185 -f 45P- 
Fairchild (see Avery, Park). 

Farnsworth. — By M. F. Farnsworth. Manti, Utah, 1897, 514P. 
Fatout (see Hosbrook). 
Felt. — By A. L. Holmes, Chic, 1921, 267P. 
Feltus. — By G. H. Feltus, N. Y., 1917, 6op. 
Fenwick. — By E. J. Sellers, Phila., 1916, 19IP. 
Ferris. — By C. E. Crowell. n. p., n. d., 6op. 
Ferry. — By B. F. Green, MS., 2v. 
Field. — By F. C. Pierce. Chic, 1901, 2v. 
Fillow.— By D. H. Van Hoosear, Albany, 1888. 274?. 
Finch (see Hill, Dean, Pinckney, Austin, etc.). 
Fitz Randolph. — By L. V. Fitz-Randolph, N. Y., 1907, 134P. 
Fitz Randolph. — MS., 4p. 
Fitz-Randolph (see Smalley). 
Fitz-Stephen (see Stevens). 
Floyd (see Putnam). 

Folsom. — By Jacob Chapman, Concord, 1892, 297P. 
Forman. — By A. S. Dandridge and E. F. Dismukes. Cleveland, 1903, 

Forman.— By W. F. Wyckoff (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.," v. 6, p. 262). 
Fowler. — By W. W. Fowler, not p., 6p. 
Franceis (see French). 

Freeman. — By G. Anjou, Los Angeles, 1901, ftep. 
Freeman. — By Alden Freeman in "Quest of Ancestors," 1905. 
Freeman. — (By F. Freeman), Bost., 1875, 456p. 
French.— By A. D. \V. French, Bost., 1892, ii3p; 1803, I03p. 
French, Francus and Franceis.— By A. D. \V. French, Bost., 1896, 594p. 

g6 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

Fretz.— By A. J. Fretz, Elkhart, Ind., 1890, 6o7p. 

Frost.— By J. C. Frost, N. Y., 1912, 444 p ; 1014, 42p. 

Fuller.— By W. H. Fuller, Palmer, Mass., 1900-1919, 4V. 

Ganong (see Genung). 

Gaston.— By Anna R. Gaston (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.," v. 5). 

Gates.— (By C. O. Gates), N. Y., 1898. 3/0p. 

Genung, Ganong, Ganung. — By M. J. G. and L. N. Nichols, Bklyn., 

1906, 71 ip. 
Gibbs.— By J. W. Gibbs. Phila., 1879, 52P- 
Gifford.— By H. E. Gifford, Wollaston, Mass., c. 1896. 
Gillingham.— By H. E. Gillingham, Phila., 1901, 1 i/p. 
Gillson (see Jillson). 
Goble.— 6 pamphs., MS. 

Goodwin. — By J. J. Goodwin, Hartford, 1891, 7o8p. 
Gordon. — By Frederick Gordon, Boonton, N. J., 1910, I9p. 
Goss (see Clark, Parks, Brockman, Dean, Davis). 
Gould. — By B. A. Gould, Salem, Mass., 1872, 109P. 
Gould (see Greener, J. H., in Geneal. Works). 
Grater (see Greter or Crater). 
Green. — By S. A. Green, Groton, Mass., 1876, 6~p. 
Green. — By C. R. Green, Lyndon, Kas., 1897, 98p. 
Green. — By B. F. Green, MS., 2v. 
Greene. — By F. L. Greene, Albany, 1894, soop. 
Greene. — By R. Greene, Bost., 1885, 64P. 
Greene. — By S. S. Greene, Bost., 1858, 8op. 
Greener (see Greener, J. H., in "Geneal. Works," post.). 
Greter, Grater, or Crater. — By L. Crater, Reading, n. d., 27p. 
Gross (see Sahler). 
Guest (see McFike and Dumont). 
Guthrie.— By S. Guthrie, Chic, 1889, 6ip. 
Haines. — By A. M. Haines, Bost., 1869, 29p. 
Haines.— By W. F. Cregar, Phila., 1887, 85P. 
Haley, Halley, Pike, etc.— (From "British Archives." 1906), 37p. 
Hall.— By T. P. Hall, Albany, 1886, 191P. 
Halley.— By E. F. McPike (reprint from "Mag. of Hist.," N. Y., 1906), 

Halley (see Haley). 

Halsey. — By J. L. and E. D. Halsey, Morristown, 1895, 500p. 
Halsted and Ogden. — n. p., n. d., 34P. 
Halsted.— By E. R. King, N. Y., 1896, 69P. 
Hamlin. — By II. F. Andrews, Exira, la., 1900, i6p. 
Hamilton. — By P. H. Baskerville, Richmond, 1916, isSp. 
Hamilton. — By J. A. Phelps, N. Y., 1913, 29p. 

Genealogical-Index 97 

Harrirr.on (see Lamb, Savory). 

Harris.— By S. J. H. Keifer. Madison, Wis., 1888, 35op. 

Harrison. — By Mrs F. H. Corbin, Bost., 191 6, 20p. 

Harrison.— By W. S. Harrison, Nashua, N. H., 1883, 135P. 

Harrison, VVaples and Allied Families. — By VV. VV. Harrison, Phila., 
\ 1910, I76p. 

Hart.— By E. B. Satterthwaite. 1913, n. p., MS. 

Hartwell.— By L. W. Dcnsmore, Bost., 1887, iQ5p. 

Harwood — By W. H. Harwood, Chasm Falls, N. Y., 1896, 9ip. 

Harvey. — By J. H. Treat. Bost., 1907, 47p. 

Haughwout, LefFerts. — By L. M. A. Haughwout, N. Y., 1903. 24?. 

Haviland.— By J. C. Frost, N. Y., 1914, 55ip. 

Hawes.— By G. R. Hawes, (N. Y., 1895). 2Sp. 

Havvcs.— By J. H. Hawes, N. Y., 1914, 2i7p. 

Hayward. — (By W. F. Adams). Springfield, Mass., 191 1, 58?. 

Hazard.— By C. E. Robinson, Bost., 1895, 293P. 

Headlcy— By A. J. Fretz, Milton, N. J., 1905, 223P. 

Henry. — By A. V. D. Honeyman (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.," v. 7, 
\ P- 98). 

- Higgins. — By K. C. Higgins, Worcester, 1918, 792p. 

Hill.— By J. G. Bartlett, Bost., 1904, 97p. 

Hill-Whipple.— By J. W. Hill, Chic, 1897, 1060. 

Hill, Dean, Pinckney, Austin, Barker, Anderson, Rhoads and Finch. — 
By Franklin Couch, (Newburgh, 1907), 129P. 

Hill (see Whipple, Wright). 

Hills.— By O. A. Hills. Crawtordsville, Ind., 1878. 24P. 

Hills.— By W. S. and Thos. Hills, Bost., n. d., 148P. 
A Hoadley. — By F. B. Trowbridge, N. Haven. 1894, 2S8p. 

Hoagland. — By D. H. Carpenter, (N. Y., 1891), 276P. 

Hoffman.— (By E. A. Hoffman), N. Y., 1859, 545P- 

Holland (see Putnam). 

Hollinshead. — By A. M. Stackhouse. 19CO, 24p. 

Holmes. — By G. A. Gray, Bost., 1908, 432p. 

Holmes.— By J. Holmes, N. Y., 1865, 76p. 

Homer, or de Homere. — (B. H. Dixon), Albany. 1889, 27P. 

Honeyman.— By A. V. D. Honeyman, Plainfield, 1909, 345P. 

Hooker. — By I. P. Gragg, Bost., 1900. 24P. 

Hopper (see Mott. Striker). 

Hord. — By A. H. Hord, n. p., 1915, H9p. 

Horton.— By B. B. Horton, N. Y., (1012), S2p. 

Hosbrook and Fatout. — By H. B. Fatout, Indianapolis, 191 5, 3ip. 

Hosmer.— By J. B. Hosmer, Hartford, 1861, i6p. 

Hosmer.— (By VV. F. Adams), Springfield, 191 1, 63P. 

Howell. — By J. E. Howell, Newark, n. d., ipip. 

Howell.— By C. E. Stickney, Scrap book of clippings. 


98 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

Howes. — By J. C. Howes, Warmouthport, Mass., 1892. 20Qp. 

Hull.— By C. H. Weygant. n. p., n. d., 647P. 

Humphreys (see Wood). 

Hunter (see Greener, J. H., in "Geneal. Works." cost.). 

Huntington. — By E. B. Huntington, Stamford, 18^3. 4270. 

Hunton-Huntoon. — By D. T. V. Huntoon, Canton. Mass., i83i, H3p. 

Huntting. — By T. D. Huntting, Bklyn., 19:0, n. p. 

Hurlbut.— By H. H. Hurlbut, Albany, iSS3, 545P. 

Hutchinson. — By J. H. West, Trenton, 1885, 23p. 

Hutchinson.— By W. H. Whitmore. 

Hutchison (see Clark, King). 

Hyde.— By R. II. Walworth, Albany, 1S64, 2v. 

James-Stites (see Stites, James). 

Janes.— By F. Janes, N. Y., 1868, 419P. 

Jans (see Putnam). 

Jaquettc. — By E. J. Sellers, Phila., 1907, 226p. 

Jarvis. — By G. A. Jarvis, Hartford, 1879, 347p. 

Jaudon. — By E. J. Sellers, Phila., 1890, 24p. Chart and coat of arms. 

Jennings. — By W. H. Jennings, Columbus, 1899, 819P. 
Jillson, Gillson.— By D. Jillson, Central Falls, 1876, 266p. 
Johncs.— By E. R. Johnes, N. Y., 1886, 46p. 
Johnson. — By W. W. Johnson, Milwaukee, 1S76, Sop. 
Johnson. — By F. C. Johnson, N. England Gen. Register October, 

1901, 4p. 
Johnson. — Mahlon Johnson Association, Littleton, N. J., 1908-1919, 

v. p. 
Johnson. — By W. M. Johnson (in SchaefTer "Memoirs," v. p.). 
Johnson (see Roseboom). 

Johnston. — By C. E. Johnston, Washington, 1900, n8p. 
Jones. — By L. H. Jones, Albany, 1S91, 295P. 
Joy.— Sy C. C. J. Dyer, (N. Y), 1876, 3 7P- 
Joy. — By J. R. Joy, N. Y., 1900, 225P. 
Kean-Keen (see Kyn). 
Keep. — By F. E. Best, Chic, 1899, 263P. 

Keim. — D. B. R. Keim, Ed., Reading, Pa., Dec. 1898-Oct. 1900, 23pts. 
Kellogg. — By Timothy Hopkins, San Francisco, 1903, 3v. 
Kent. — By L. V. Briggs, Bost., 1898, 339P. 
Kent (see Tuthill). 
Kilbourn. — By P. K. Kilbourn, Hartford, 1845, I5ip. ; N. Haven, 1866, 

Kimball. — By L. A. Morrison and S. P. Sharpies, Bost., 1897, 2v. 
Kimball. — By L. and R. M. Darbee. n. p., 1861. 119+ 54P-, revised, 1913. 
King. — By E. J. Cleveland, Bost., 1892, 7p. 
King.— Chart, c. 1891. 


Genealogical- Index 99 

King.— By G. A. Morrison. Jr., Albany, 1898, 6sp. 

King (see Clark, Hutchinson). 

Kip.— By E. R. Purple, X. Y., 1877. 24P. 

Kirkpatrick.— By W. M. Blackburn, Phila., 1867, 3I2p. 

Kirkpatrick.— By O. M. Voorhees and A. V. D. Honeyman (in "Som. 

Co. Hist. Quar.," v. 3. p. 208; v. 5, p. 71). 
Kissam.— By Ed. Kissam, X. Y.. 1892, 93p. 
Kitchel.— By H. D. Kitchel, N. Y., 1879. 8op. 
Kitchel-Peck. — By G. C. McCormick, Fort Collins Co., 1913. 
Kneeland.— By S. F. Kneeland. X. Y., 1897, 583P. 
Knickerbacker-Viele. — By K. K. Yiele, X. Y., 1916, 134P. 
Knox.— X. Y., (1873). I07P- 
Kollock.— By E. J. Sellers, Phila., 1897, 72p. 

Kool (Cool, Cole) and Serven.— By David Cole, X. Y., 1876, 268p. 
Kratz.— By A. J. Fretz, Elkhart, 1892, 314P. 
Kyn — By G. B. Keen, Phila., 1913, 318?. 
Laing. — By O. B. Leonard, n. p.. n. d., 4p. 
Lake. — By A. Adams and S. A. Risley, privately printed, 191 2, 26p. 

Reprint, 1915, 376p. 
Lamar. — By W. H. Lamar, n. p., n. d., 8p. 
Lamb, Savory, Harriman. — By F. W. Lamb, n. p., 1900, 24p. 
Lamb. — Manchester, N. H.. 1903, 7p. 
Lane. — Elkhorn, Wis., 1899, 64P. 
Lane. — By A. V. D. Honeyman (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.," v. 2, 3, 4, 

v. p.). 
La Rue.— By O. M. Mather, Hodgenville, X. Y., 1921, ig8p. 
Lasher. — N. Y., 1904, 270p. 

Lathrop (see Greener, J. H.. in "Geneal. Works.") 
Lawrence. — By S. A. Green, Bost., 1907. 4p. 
Lawrence. — (By J. Lawrence). Bost., 1857, igip. 
Lawrence. — By T. Lawrence, X. Y., 1858, 24CP. 
Lawrence. — By Thomas Lawrence, X. Y\, 1858. 
Lawrence-Townley (see Townley). 
Leach. — By S. Chessman, Albany, 1898, 4ip. 

Leavens, Levings, Levins. — By P. F. Leavens, Passaic, 1903, I37P- 
Le Baron. — By M. LeB. Stockwell, Bost., 1904, 52ip. 
Lee and cognate Families. — By J. X. Lee, Waukegan, 111., 188S, 47p. 
Lee (see also Leigh). 
Leeds. — Chart. 

Leeds. — By C. L. Humeston, Phila., n. d., I7p. 
Lefferts. — By T. G. Bergen, Albany, 1878, I72p. 
LcfTerts (see Haughwout). 
Leigh-Lee. — By W. Lee, Albany, 1888, 4Q0p. 
Leighton. — By T. F. Jordan. Albany, 1885, I27P- 
Leisler.— By E. R. Purple, X. Y., 1877, 24p. 

ioo Proceedings Nciv Jersey Historical Society 

Leonard. — By O. B. Leonard, "Monmouth Inquirer," Nov. 8 and 15. 

L'Espenard. — By C. W. Darling. Reprinted from "X. Y. Biog. and 

Genealogical Record," July, 1893, 2op. 
Lester. — By T. M. Owen. 
Levings (see Leavens, Levins). 

Lewis. — (In "Lewisiana, or the Lewis letter," pamphlets). 
Lewis.— By H. S. F. Randolph (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.," v. 6. p 118). 
Lewis. — By G. H. Lewis, Salem, 1908, 179P. 
Lindsay. — By M. L. Atkinson, n. p., 1912, 203-253P. 
Lindsay.— By M. I. Lindsay, Albany, 1889, 2~5p. 
Livermore. — By W. E. Thwing, Bost., 1902, 479p. 
\ Lloyd and Carpenter. — By C. P. Smith, Camden, 1870, 88p. 
A Logan. — By Mrs. C. D. Thompson, MS. and letters. 

Lowe (Low). — By Houston Lowe (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.," v. 6, 

p. 203). 
Lowry and Fleming. — By H. Race, Flemington, 1892, i6p. 
Luddington.— By L. S. Patrick, Marinette, Wis., 1886. 
A Lundy. — By W. C. Armstrong, New Brunswick, 1902, 485P. 
Lupardus. — MS., 2p. 

Lyman.— By L. Coleman, Albany, 1872, 533P. 
Lyman. — Chart, ip. 
Lyman. — Albany, 1871, 59p. 

Lyon.— H. B. Miller and A. B. Lyons, Eds., Detroit, 1907, v. 2, 3. 
McCarton (see Greener, J. H., in "Geneal. Works," post). 
McCarter. — By T. N. McCarter, Newark, 1900, I3ip. 
McCrea. — By A. V. D. Honeyman (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.," v. 7, 

p. 81). 
Macfarlane, Macfarlan, Macfarland and Macfarlin. — By Mrs. C. M. 

Little, Tottenville, 1893, 252P. 
McKay.— By W. L. Kean, Boston, 1895, 76p. 
McKean. — By R. Buchanan, Lancaster, 1890. 
McLean (see W r hipple-Wright, Wager, etc.). 
McMurfrie. — By J. F. Crayon. 

McPike, Guest and Dumont.— By E. F. McPike, Albany, 1898, i8ip. 
McPike.— By E. F. McPike, 1906, n. p., MS. 
Mallick (see Mellick). 
Mandeville. — By G. H. Mandeville (in "Ye Olden Days,") n. p., n. d., 


Marsh.— By L. B. Marsh, Amherst, 1888, 283P. 
Marsh.— By D. W. Marsh. Amherst, 1895, 5i6p. 
Marshall. — By W. M. Paxton, Cincinnati. 18S5, 41 5p. 
Marshall. — By Coleman Randolph, Morristown, 1021. 23p. 
Marston. — (By J. L. Watson), Bost., 1873, 4Sp. reprint from N. E. Hist, 
and Gen. Register. 

Genealogical-Index 101 

Martin. — By C. VV. Francis, LaPorte, Ind., 1918, 309P. 

Mason (see Borton and Mason), 
v Mather. — By H. E. Mather, Hartford, 1890, 53Qp. 
- Maxwell.— By Henry D. Maxwell. Easton, Pa., 1895, 8sp. 

Mayfield, Boone, Short and Tate.— By R. N. Mayfield, (N. Y., 1902), 4p. 
I Mell.— By P. H. and A. R. \V. Mell, Auburn. Ala., 1897, 6i4-28p. 

Mellick, Melick, etc.— (In A. D. Mellick's "Story of an Old Farm," 
Somcrville, 1889, pp. 627-713). 

Meriwether. — By L. H. A. Minor, Albany, 1892, i8op. 

Mcrriam. — By W. S. Appleton. Bost.. 1892, i3p. 

Messier and Metselaer. By H. S. Messier, Chic, 1903, 95p. (See 
corrections in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.," v. 5, p. 263), 

Mettler. — By E. M. Davis (in "Som. Hist. Quar.," v. 6, p. 124). 

Mickley. — By M. F. Mickley. Newark, 1893, i82p. 

Middagh. — By John Neafie (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.," v. 6, p. 112). 

Miller. — By J. P. Crayon, Rockaway, N. J., n. d., 2p. 

Miller.— By C. S. Williams, N. Y., 1908, 39p. 

Moffat.— By R. B. Moffat, (N. Y), 1909, I58p. 

Monnet. — By O. E. Monnette, (Los Angeles, 1911), H50-f78p. 

Moelick (see Mellick). 

Moore. — By J. W. Moore, Easton, Pa., 1897, chart. 

Moore. — By W. B. Towne, Am. Hist. Soc, 1920, I38p. 

More. — By D. F. and C. C. More, Binghamton, 1893, 409P. 

More. — (In "Hist. Journ. of More Fam.," Seattle, 1906), I4pts. 

Morrell. — By F. V. Morrell, Hartford, 1916, I26p. 

Morris. — By L. A. Carhart, N. Y., 191 1. 478p. 

Morris. — By E. L. Hart, East Haven, Conn., 1853, I03p. 

Morris. — By Elizabeth M. Lefferts (1901?). 

Morris. — By J. F. Morris, Hartford. 1887, 4o6p. 

Morris. — By J. Steen, n. p., n. d.. 6p. 

Morris. — Rockaway, N. J., 1903, MS., Chart. 

Motf, Hopper and Striker.— By H. S. Mott, N. Y., 1898, i8p. 

Mudge.— By A. Mudge, Bost., 1868. 443P. 

Mulford.— By Mrs. A. E. Kitchell, Bklyn., 1893, 7ip. 

Mulford (see Corey). 

Mullins and Bass. — Newburyport, 1790, MS., 23p. 

Mundy. — By E. F. Mundy, Lawrence, Kas., 1907, 144P. 

Munroe. — By J. G. Locke, Bost., 1853, 15P. 

Munson. — N. Haven, 1896, 43p. 

Mygatt.— By F. T. Mygatt, Bklyn., 1853, n6p. 

Navarre.— By Christian Denissen, (Detroit, 1897), 415P. 

Nelson. — By W. Nelson, Paterson. 1904, 57P. 

Nevius, Neefus, Nafey, etc.— By A. V. D. Honeyman, Plaintield, 1900, 

Newhall. — By C. L. Newhall, Southbridge. 1899, 222p. 

Nichols. — By F. C. Torrey, Lakehurst, 1917, 53p. 

102 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

Nicholson.— By W. H. Nicholson. (Phila., 1897), ijQp. 

Nicoll.— (By E. H. Xicol), n. p., n. d., 62p. 

Nicolls (sec Putnam). 

Noble.— By L. If. Boltwood, Hartford, 1878. 869?. 

Noblet, Noblett, Xoblit and Xoblitt.— By J. H. Noblitt, (Phila.), 1906. 

Norris. — By L. A. Morrison, Bost., 1892, 207p. 

Odell, Odill, Odle.— By R. King, Yonkcrs, c. 1894, chart. 

Ogden. — (By A. S. Vermilyc), Orange, 1906. n6p. 

Ogdcn.— By W. O. Wheeler, Chart. 

Ogden.— (By W. O. Wheeler and E. D. Halsey, Morristown, 1894), 35p. 

Ogden. — By W. O. Wheeler, X. Haven (1907), 2v. 

Ogden. — n. p., n. d., \2 and 32p. 

Ogdcn (see Sayres). 
\ Oliver. — By W. S. Appleton, Cambridge, 1867, 29P. 

Op Dyck, Opdyckc and Updike.— By C. W. Opdyke, N. Y., 1889, ipgp. 

Ormsby. — By O. O. Page, Albany, 1892, 46p. 

Orvis. — By E. W. Orvis, N. Y., n. d., i6p. ; 1895, I3p. 

Osborn. — By H. Runyon, (Princeton, 1891), up. 
J Paine.— By H. D. Paine, Albany, 1878, i;6p. 

Palmer. — By Lewis Palmer, Phila., 1875, 474P. 

Palmer. — By N. F. Palmer, Bost., 1901, 240P. 

Palmer.— By T. Palmer, Bklyn., 18S6, 95P. 

Park (see Avery, Fairchild ; also Putnam). 

Parke. — By Sylvester Parks, Wash., 1922, 20p. 

Parke (see Biddle). 

Parker.— By A. G. Parker. Buffalo, n. d., 592p. 

Parkinson. — By C. A. Hoppin (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.," v. 6, p. 268). 

Parks (see Clark. Brockman, Dean, Davis). 

Parry. — Phila., 1877, 34P. 

Pearce.— By F. C. Pierce, Rockford, 111.. 18S8, 150P. 

Pearce (see Peirce). 

Peck.— By I. B. Peck, Bost., 1868, 442$. 

Peck.— By D. Peck, Hudson, 1S77, 253P. 

Peck (see Kitchell). 

Peirce. — By M. P. Bailey, Arlington, Mass., 1912, i8ip. 

Peirce.— By A. H ; Hoyt, Bost., 1875, up. 

Peirce (see Pearce). 

Pell (sec Whipple- Wright, Wager, etc.). 

Pcloubet. — By J. and L. M. F. C. Pcloubet, Railway. 1892, 37p. 

Pclton.— By J. W. Pelton, Albany, 1892, 722p. 
A Pennington.— By A. C. M. Pennington, Bost., 1871, i8p. 

Perrin, Pcrine, and Prine. — By H. D. Perrine, S. Orange, 1910, 547P. 

Perrv. — By C. B. Perrv, N. Y., 1913, nsp. 

Peter.— By W. K. Peter, Allentown, Pa., 190S, 54p. 

Genealogical-Index 103 

Pfeiffer.— By E. J. Sellers, Phila., 1890, 6;p. 
Phelps.— By J. A. Phelps, Bklyn., 1913, n. p. 
Philles (see Fillow). 
Philo (see Fillow). 

Pierce.— By F. C. Pierce, Albany, 1899, 441 p. 
Pierce (see Peirce). 

Pierpont.— By R. B. Moffat, (N. Y.), 1913. 21 ip. 
Pierson.— By F. L. Pierson, Albany, 1895, 33p. 
Pierson. — By L. B. Pierson, Albany, 1878, 104P. 
Pike (see Haley, Halley). 
Pinckney (see Hill, Dean, Austin, etc.). 
Pinney (see Ecbon). 

Piatt— (By Franklin Piatt), (Phila., 1S96). 30p. 
Plimpton.— By L. B. Chase, Hartford, (1884), 24OP. 
Plumb.— By H. B. Plumb, Peely, Pa., 1890, 5jp. 
Plumsted.— By E. DeVereux, Phila., 1887, i6Sp. 
Pollard.— By S. Pollard. E. Orange, 1902. Sp. 
Pollard. — By L. M. Underwood, Syracuse, 1891, 2op. 
Pope.— By F. L. Pope, Bost.. 1888, 223. 

Post. — By John Neafie (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.," v. 7, p. 164). 
Potts.— By Mrs. T. P. James, Cambridge, 1874. i6p. 
Potts.— By T. M. Potts, Cannonsburg, 1895, 428?. 
Pratt.— By F. W. Chapman, Hartford, 1864, 420p. 
Preble.— By G. H. Preble, Bost., 1868, 336?. 
Prevoost— By E. R. Purple. N. Y., 1875. 29P. 
Price. — Clipping, "Plainfield Daily Press." 
Price (see Bond). 

Pride. — By B. F. Green. MS. in 8 pieces. 
Prime.— By E. D. G. Prime, Cambridge, 188S, nSp. 
Prindle.— By F. C. Prindle, X. Y., 1906, 335P. 
Prine (see Perrin, Perine). 
Puffer.— By W. S. Appleton, Bost., 1882. 9p. 
Pumpelly. — By S. Pumpelly, Albany, 1889, 3p. 
Pumpelly. — (Clipping from "The Republic," X. Y., 1S90). 
Putnam, Cleveland, Woodhull, Nicolls, Watts. Van Rensselaer, \'an 
• Cortlandt, Floyd, Holland, Boudinot, Bayeux, Evertson, Teller, 

Jans, Van Bael, Beeckman, Woodward, Bailey, Terry, Park, 

Redfyne.— (N. Y.), 1918, 249P. 
Quackenbush. — By A. S. Quackenbush, Paterson, 1909, 22ip. 
Quinby, or Quimby. — By H. C. Quimby, N. Y., 191 5, 6o2p. 
Randolph (see Fitz-Randolph). 
Raskob-Grcen. — Claymont, Del.. 1921, 144P. 
Rawlins. — By J. R. Rollins, Lawrence, 1874, 348p. 
Rawson. — By E. B. Crane, Worcester, 1S75, 33 ?- 
Reade.— (In "Reade Hist, and Gen. Assn." Record, nos. 1. 4, 6, 7, 8, 

10, 11, Boston, 1908-18.) 

104 Proceedings Nezu Jersey Historical Society 

Readc. — Rcade H. and G. Assn, Bost., 1907, 52p. 

Redfyne (see Putnam). 

Rcdington. — By C. M. R. Carter, Bost., 1909, 86p. 

Reeves (see Sinnott, Rogers, Coffin). 

Revell (sec Ely, Stacye). 

Rhoades (see Hill, Dean, Pinckney, Austin, etc.). 

Richards.— By L. Richards, Phila., 1882, n. p. 

Riggs.— By J. H. Wallace, N. Y., 1901. 

Ripley.— By H. W. Ripley, Newark, 1867, 48p. 

Robertson, Cassien, Fitz-Randolph, Caldwell, Johnson, MS., 1896, 2v. 

and chart. 
Robeson. — By S. S. Robeson, C. F. Stroud and K. H. Osborne, (Phila.) 

1916, 76op. 
Robinson. — Robinson Geneal. and Hist. Assoc, N. Y., 1902, 104P. 
Robinson. — By E. Robinson, N. Y., 1859, 2i4p. 
Robinson. — By J. B. Robinson, Detroit, 1903, 68p. 
Rockefeller.— By H. C. Rockefeller, N. Y., 1910, 383P. 
Rockwell.— By D. S. Rockwell, Berkeley. Cal., 1914, n. p. 
Rogers. — By J. H. Drummond, Portland, Me., 1896, 194P. 
Rogers.— By G. S. L. Ward and Louis Richards, Phila., 1888, i8p. 
Rogers (see Sinnott, Coffm, etc.). 
Roome.— By P. R. Warner, (N. Y., 1883), 348 + 62p. 
Roome. — Chart. 
Roseboom and Johnson. — By C. Roseboom and others, Cherry Valley, 

n. d., I40p. 
Rosell.— By C. S. Sims. Phila., 1859, 8p. 
Rosenberger (see Colver). 

Rowell.— By R. Rowell, Manchester, N. H., 1898, 2i6p. 
Roy. — By E. H. Lum, Typewritten, 3p. 
Runkle.— By B. van D. Fisher, N. Y., 1899. 366p. 
Runyon. — By H. Runyon, Princeton, N. J., 1891, 8p. 
Runyon (see Cooper). 

Rusling. — By J. F. Rusling, Phila., 1907, 159P. 
Rutherfurd.— By L. Rutherfurd, N. Y.. 1894, 344P. 
Ryerson. — By L. J. Ryerson, N. Y., 1902. 89P. 
Ryerson. — By A. W. Ryerson, Chic. 1916, 433p. 
Rynearson (Van Hengel). — By E. K. Voorhees (in "Som. Co. Hist. 

Quar.," v. 5, p. 2S5 ; v. 6, p. 55, 126). 
Sackett. — By C. H. Weygant, Xcwburgh, 1907, 552p. 
Sahler and Gross. — By L. H. Sahler, Utica, n. d., 35p. 
Salter. — By J. E. Stillwell, n. p., v. d., up. 
Sands.— (By T. Prime), N. Y., 1886, pip. 
Sanford.— By C. E. Sanford, Rutland, c 191 1. 2v. 
Sares and Sears. — By S. P. May, Albany, 1890. 665P. 
Sargent, Sergent, Spencer and Dickinson, MS., 3p. 

Genealogical-Index 105 

Savery and Severy. — By A. W. and L. A. Savery, Bost., 1893. 266p. 

Savory. — By F. W. Lamb, Manchester, X. H., 1904, i6p. 

Savory (see Lamb, Harriman). 

Sawyer.— By \V. S. Appleton, Bost., 1891, up. 

Sayler. — By J. L. Sayler, Albany, 1898, 164P. 

Sayre. — By T. M. Banta, N. Y., 1901, 759p. 

Sayres and Ogden. — Typewritten. 

Schaeffer. — By \V. M. Johnson (in SchaefTer "Memoirs," Hackensack, 
'/ 1907, pp. 135-180). 

Schaff.— By W. H. SchafT, Phila., 1910. 163?. 
, Schell. — By C. Denissen, Detroit, (1896), 94P. 
v Schenck. — By A. D. Schenck, Washington, 1883, 163P. 
Schenck van Nydeck. — Hampden, Va., 1885, 26p. 

Schureman. — By R. Wynkoop, (N. Y.. 1889), 55p. ; 1902, I42p. 

Schuyler.— By K. S. Baxter, N. Y., 1897, 65-p. 

Schuyler. — By Isaac Schuyler, (1879), 6p, MS. 

Scott.— By A. S. Cole, Red Bank, 1908, 72p. 

Scudder. — By A. H. Scudder, n. p., n. d., 3ip. 

Scull. — By G. D. Scull, n. p., 1876, I2p. 

Searight. — By J. A. Searight, Uniontown, Pa., 1893, 228p. 

Sears (see Sares). 

Sebring. — By Minor Swick (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.," v. 3, p. 118). 

Sergent (see Sargent, Spencer, Dickinson). 

Serven (see Kool). 

Sessions. — By F. G. Sessions, Albany, 1890, 252p. 

Severy (see Savery). 

Sharpe. — (By \V. C. Sharpe), (Seymour, Conn.), 1898-96, 2i2p. 

Shearer, Ackers and Bryan.— By J. W. Shearer, Somerville, N. J., 191 5, 

Shepherd (see Duke, von Metre). 

Shippen. — MS. chart. 

Shippen (see Greener, J. H., in "Geneal. Works.") 

Short (see Mayfield, Boone, Tate). 

Shotwell. — By A. M. Shotwell, Lansing, Mich., (1895), 299P. 

Shuey. — By D. B. Shuey, Lancaster, Pa., 1876, 279P. 

Sill.— (By G. G. Sill), Albany, 1859, ioSp. 

Sims. — 1896, chart. 

Sinnott, Rogers, Coffin, Corlies, Reeves and Bodine. — By M. E. Sin- 
nott, Phila., 1905, 277P. 

Skelton.— By P. H. Baskerville, Richmond, 1922. 
L Skiff.— By F. L. Pierson, Amenia, N. Y., 1S95, 24P. 
^ Skillman. — Clippings-Princeton Press, i-4-1902. 5 columns). 

Sloan. — By A. V. D. Honeyman (in "Som. Hist. Quar.." v. 7, p. 276). 

Smalley, Fitz-Randolph — By O. B. Leonard, Plainfteld. 1902, ip; Re- 
print — Plainf. Daily Press. 

lo6 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

. Smcdlcy. — By G. Cope, Lancaster, Pa., 1901, i.ooop. 
/'Smith. — By J. B. Smith, Newton, Pa., 1883, 1 1 3p. 
/ Smith.— By S. A. Smith, Plymouth, 1895, 146P. 

Smith. — By Mrs. S. S. Martin, Rutland, 1890, 269P. 

Spaulding. — By C. W. Spanieling, Chic, 1897, 12760. 

Spencer. — By R. C. Spencer, (Milwaukee, 1S89), 26p. 

Spencer (see Sargent, Serpent, Dickinson). 

Spooncr. — By T. Spoon^r, Cincinnati, 1871, 242$; 1883, 694P. 

Springer. — By M. C. Springer, Phih., (l88l), I44p. 

Squier. — lp, typewritten. 

Stacye (see Ely, Revel I). 

Staples. — (By W. F. Adams), Springfield, Mass., 191 1, /Op. 

Staats. — By Harold Staats, Ripley, YY. Va., 1921, 255p. 

Stanton. — By W. A. Stanton. Albany, 1891, 6l3p. 

Start.— By W. A. Start, Bost, 1894, 2$>p. 

States.— By J. N. States, N. Haven, 1913, 18/p. 

Stebbins. — (By E. Watson), Hartford, 1771, 31 p. 

Steelman. — By Arthur Adams (in "Penn. Mag. of Hist, and Biog.,' : 
1 v. 36, pp. 464-472). 

, Steiner. — Cincinnati, 18S0, 2ip. 

Steiner.— By L. H. and B. C. Steiner, Bait., 1896, 103?. 

Stelle.— By O. B. Leonard, (N. Y., 1890), 8p. 

Stephens. — By E. S. Clark, San Fran., 1892, 1S5P. 

Sterling.— By F. M. Sterling, N. Y., 1909, iv. 
\ Stevens, Fitz-Stevens.— (By E. Stevens), N. Y., 1904, 02p. 
/Stevenson. — By J. R. Stevenson, Flcmington, (1902), i8op. 
V Stevenson. — By J. R. Stevenson, Flcmington, 1903, I2p. 

Steward. — By E. S. Stewart, (Phila.), n. d., 6ip. 

Stewart.— By B. F. Green, 51 p., MS. 

Stickney.— By M. A. Stickney, Salem, Mass., 1869, 526P. 

Stiles.— By H. R. Stiles, Albany, 1863, 4&p. 

Stiles.— By Mrs. M. S. Guild, Albany, 1892. 683p. 
\ Stiles.— By H. R. Stiles, (from Stiles "Hist, of Ancient Windsor"). 
\ Stiles.— By H. R. Stiles, Jersey City, 1895. /S2p. 

Stiles. — By L. S. Pence, Lebanon, Ky., 1896, 45p. 

Stites-Jamcs.— By E. J. Stites. N. Y., 1898, 6p. 

Stites (see also Casad and Stites). 

Stockton.— By J. W. Stockton. Phila., 1881. 7<3p. 

Stockton. — By E. P. Williams, 1907, Acme Mag., Feb., 1907, pp. 3-7. 

Stockton. — By T. C. Stockton, Wash., 191 1., -:8-f-35op. 

Stockton. — By E. B. Stockton. N. Y., 19 19, 62p, 

Stoddard.- By C. and E. W. Stoddard, N. Y., 1865, 273P. 

Stokes. — By R. Haines, Camden, 1903, 339p. 

Stone.— By W. L. Stone, Albany, 1888. i84p. 

Stout.— By Capt. Nathan Stout (1744), Hopewell, 1878. 

Gencalogical-Indcx 107 

Stratton. — By S. V. Stratton, (Natchez, Miss., 1901), n. p. 

Striker (see Mott, Hopper). 

Strother — By T. McA. Owen. Harrisburg, Pa., 1898, 5ip. 

Strycker, By W. S. Stryker, Camden, 1887, iup. 

Surdam. — By C. E. Surdam, (Morristown, 1909), 26op. 

Sutliff, or SutlitTe. — By S. M. Sutliff, Downers Grove, 111., 1909, 199P. 

Sutton.— By E. F. H. Sutton, N. Y., 1902, 46p. 

Swasey. — By B. F. Swascy, Cleveland, Ohio, 1910, 525P. 

Swearinger. — By H. H. Swearinger, Washington, 1894, 8op. 

Swift. — By Harrison Elery, Worcester, Mass., 1890, 292-1-58-1-1 IP- 

Tainter.— By C. M. Tainter, Greenfield, 1S47, 82p. 

Talbot.— By J. G. Bartlett, Bost, 1917. n6p. 

Talmage. — By Robert Talmage (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.," v. 3, pp. 

32, 99). 
Tapley. — By H. S. Tapley, Danvers, Mass., 1900, 256P. 
Tappan.— By P. P. Good, Liberty, Ind., 1884, I26p. 
Tate (see Mayfield, Boone, Short, Tate). 
Taylor.— (By W. A. Whitehead), N. Y., 1861, 7P- 
Taylor. — By Edward Taylor, Phila. (1903), 24p. 
Taylor. — Blue print chart. 
Teller (see Putnam). 

Tenney. — By H. A. Tenney, Madison, Wis., 1875, /6p. 
Tenney. — By J. and M. J. Tenney, Concord, 1904, 691 p. 
Terry (see Putnam). 
Thaxter (see Wheeler and Thaxter). 

Thomas. — By E. Lexington, "Sunday Record Herald," ip. 
Thompson. — By F. W. Thompson, 1 sheet. 

Thompson. — (By F. W. Thompson, Portland, Me.,) 1913, 7P- 
Thomson. — By J. B. Thomson, Williamsport, Pa., 1889. 29p. 
Tichenor, Ticknor and Techenor. — By R. B. Tichenor, Kansas City, Mo., 

Tierman. — n. p., n. d., 25p. 
Tiernan. — By C. B. Tiernan, Bait., 1808. 222p. 
Tingley. — By R. M. Tingley, 1910, 894P. 
Tinker. — By A. B. Tinker, Akron, (1889?), up. 
Tomkins. — n. p., 1893, 6sp. 

Torrey. — By D. Torrey, Detroit. 1890, i45-f6ip. 
Townley, Lawrence. — By James Usher, N. Y., 1883, I07p. 
Townley. — Chart. 

Townshend. — By C. H. Townshend, N. Haven, 1884, 138P. 
Tracy. — By E. E. Tracy, Albany, 1898, 294P. 
Treat. — By J. H. Treat, Salem, Mass., 1893, 637P. 
Tree. — By J. C. Leach, Phila., 190S. io7p. 
Treman, Trcmaine and Truman. — By E. M. Treman and M. E. Poole, 

Ithaca, N. Y., 1901, 2V. 



1 08 Proceedings Nczv Jersey Historical Society 

Trowbridge. — By F. \V. Chapman, N. Haven, 1872, 46ip. 

Truman (see Treman, Trcmaine). 

Tucker.— By T. S. Morris, Chic., 1901, 305P. 

Tunison. — By A. V. D. Honeyman (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.," v. 7, 

p. 225). 
Tuthill. — Sag Harbour, N. Y., 1867, 6op. 
Tuthill.— By W. H. Tuthill, Chart. 
Tuttle.— By G. F. Turtle, Rutland, Vt., 1883, 754P. 
Tweed.— By B. Walker. Lowell, Mass., 1887. 30P- 
Tyler. — By W. I. T. Brigham. Albany, 1912, 55p. 
Updike (see Op Dyck, Opdyck). 

Upham.— By F. K. Upham, (Fort Custer, Mont.), 1887, 62p. 
Upham.— By F. K. Upham, Albany, 1892, 573P. 
Vail.— (By H. H. Vail), N. Y., 1902, 371P. 
Vail.— Chart. 

Valentine.— By T. \V. Valentine, N. Y., 1874, 248P. 
Van Alstyne.— By L. Van Alstyne, Amenia, N. Y., 1897, I42p. 
Van Arsdale. — By A. V. D. Honeyman (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.," 

v. 8, p. 96. 
Van Baal (see Putnam). 
Van Cortlandt (see Putnam). 
Van Culemburg. — By E. J. Sellers. 
V Van Deusen. — By L. H. Sahler, (Great Barrington, Mass.), n. d., 36p. 
^Van Doom. — By A. V. D. Honeyman, Plainfield, 1909, 764P. 
Van Dyke. — By J. C. VanDyke, in "The Raritan; Notes on a River and 
» a Family," New Brunswick, 191 5, 89P. 

Van Dyke.— By W. B. Stout ,in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.," v. 4, p. 262). 
Van Horn. — By C. S. Williams, N. Y., 191 1, I36p., typewritten. 
Van Home. — By C. S. Williams, N. Y., 191 1, 75p., typewritten. 
Van Home. — By A. V. D. Honeyman (in "Som. Co. Hist Quar.," v. 7, 

p. 228). 
Van Houten.— By C. L. D. Washburn, N. Y., 1897, (reprint from "N. 
r Y. Gen. and Biog. Rec"), iop. 

Van Liew. — By T. L. Van Liew,( St. Louis, 1910), n. p., typewritten. 
Van Liew. — By Betsey Van Liew, (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.," v. 8, 

PP- 41, 93)- 
Van Rensselaer (see Putnam). 

Van Voorhis.— By E. W. Van Voorhis, (N. Y.), 1881, 239P- 
Van Winkle. — By D. Van Winkle, Jersey City, c. 1913, 433p. 
Varnum. — By J. M. Varnum, Bost., 1907, 6p. 
Vinton.— By J. A. Vinton, Bost., 1858, 236P. 
Von Metre (see Duke, Shepherd). 
Vosburgh.— By R. W. Vosburgh. 
Vosseller. — By A. V. D. Honeyman (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.," v. 3, 4, 

v. p.). 

Gcncalogical-lndcx 109 

Vrcdenburgh — By L. R. Vrcdcnburgh (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.," v. 
7, P. 69). 

Vrecland. — By X. G. Vrecland, Jersey City, 1899, 320p. 

Wade.— By S. C. Wade, N. Y.. 1900, 4pts. 

Wagenseller.— By W. G. Wagenseller, Middleburgh, Pa., 1898, 225P. 

Wager (see Whipple-W'right, etc.). 

Waldron.— By J. H. Slipper, (N. Y.), 1910, 69P. 

Walker.~By E. S. Walker, Chic., 1895, 72?. 

Waples (see Harrison and Allied Families). 

Ward.— By A. H. Ward. Bost., 1851, 265?. 

Ward (see Whipple- Wright, etc.). 

Warde.— By G. K. Ward, X. Y., 1910, 622p. 

Warden. — By W. W. Warden. Worcester, Mass., 19CI, 24SP. 

Warne. — By George W. Labaw, N. Y., (1911), 70ip. 

Warner.— By L. C. Warner and J. G. Xichols, N. Haven, 1919, 8o4p. 

Warren. — By E. W. Roebling, Bost., 1901, 39p. 

Warren (see also Wheeler). 

Warriner. — By E. Warriner, Albany, 1899, 287P. 

Washburn.— By G. T. Washburn, Pasumalai, S. I., 1913, 209P. 

Washington.— By H. F. Waters. 

W r atson.— By T. Watson, X. Y., 1865, 4;p. 

Watts (see Putnam). 

Weaver (see Bailey and Weaver). 

Webb.— By E. S. Water*, Salem, Mass., 1880, 24p. 

Webber.— By A. Button, (Saranac), Mich., 1878, 42p. 

Webster.— By N. Webster, Bklyn., 1876, v. p. 

W T eeks. — By Jacob Chapman, Albany, 1889. 184P. 

Weeks.— By R. D. Weeks, Newark, 1885-1892, 2v. 

Weeks.— Middlebury, Vt., 1888, 2op. 

Welling. — By A. A. Haines, (From "Advertizer," Warwick, N. Y., 
June 6, 1889). 

Wells.— By C. W. Hayes, Buffalo, 1878, 30op. 

Wendell.— By J. R. Stanwood. Bost., 1882, 49P. 

Westervelt.— By W. T. Westervelt, N. Y., 1905, 175P. 

Wetherill. — By H. G. Ashmead, Chester. Pa., 1902, 98p. 

Wetmore. — By J. C. Wetmore, Albany, 1861, 670P. 

Whaley. — By S. Whaley. Ithaca, 1901, 233P. 

Wheeler.— By J. and D. Wheeler, (Wheeler, Ala.), n. d., 24P. 

Wheeler and Warren. — By H. W. Wheeler, Albany, 1892, I2ip. 

Wheeler and Thaxtcr. — By H. M. Wheeler, Worcester, 1898, 73p. 

Whipple-Hill (see Hill). 

Whipple-Wright, Wager, Ward-Pell, McLcan-Burnet.— By C. H. Whip- 
ple, (Los Angeles), 1917, ii7p. 

Whitaker. — By O. M. Yoorhees (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.," v. 2, p. 08). 

White.— By W. F. Cregar, Phila., 1888, 194P. 

no Proceedings Nezv Jersey Historical Society 

White.— By A. L. White, (1904), 1431)., White Family Quarterly, Oct., 

White.— Haverhill, Mass., 1898. 22p. 

Whitney.— By S. W. Phoenix. X. Y., 1878. 3v. 

Whittemore and Clark.— By W. P. Bacon, New Britain, (1007), 124P. 

Whittlesey.— By Whittlesey Assn.. n. p., 1855. I25p. 

Wight.— By W. W. Wight. Milwaukee, 1890, 35P- 

WikofT. — By James Steen, Red Bank, 1905, 7p. 

Wilbur.— By A. Wilbur, Bost., 1871, 89P. 

Willard.— By J. A. Phelps. X. Y., 1917, H2p. 

Willis.— By C. E. and F. C. Willis, (Richmond, c. 1917). 35^p. 

Williams.— By A. D. W. French, (Bost.), n. d., 260. 

Williams.— By J. F. Williams, St. Paul. 1889, 68p. 

Williams and Others.— By W. A. Williams. Phila.. n. d., 48p. 

Wilson.— By W. M. Watson, Cooperstown, 1886. i8p. 

Winams (see Greener. J. H.. in "Geneal. Works," post). 

Winchell.— By A. Wirichell, Ann Arbor, 1869, 27ip. 
,\ Winchester. — By G. R. Presson. San Fran., 1897, 45P. 
' "'Winder. — By R. W. Johnson. Phila.. 1902. 96p. 

Winfield.— Cleveland Herald. July 21, 1882. 

Wintermute. — By J. P. Wintermute, Delaware, O., 1900, 335p. 

Winthrop. — By R. C. Winthrop. Jr.. Cambridge, 1887. i6p. 

Wisner. — By B. F. Wisner, Baltimore, 1918, 270P. 

Wolcott.— By S. Wolcott. X. Y., 1S81, 430p. 

Wolcott and Others. — By J. C. Jackson, (Hartford, 1912), 96?. 

Wood and Humphreys.— By P. A. Wood and others, Andover, O. 
(1903), n. p. 

Woodhull (see Putnam). 

Woodruff. — By F. E. Woodruff, Morristown, 1902, 3pts. 

Woodruff. — By F. E. Woodruff. X. Y., 1909, I3ip. 

Woodruff.— By W. B. Woodruff, Westneld, n. d., 47p. 

Woodward (see Putnam). 

Wright (see Whipple, Wager, etc.). 

Wyckoff.— By W. H. Wyckoff (in "Som. Hist. Quar.," v. 2-5. v. p.). 

Wynkoop. — By R. Wynkoop, X. Y., 1866, 34p. 

Yeomans, or Youmans (see Greener, J. H.. in '"Geneal. Works"). 

Yerkes. — By J. G. Leach. Phila., 1904, 262p. 

Young.— By I. B. Young, Phila.. 1869, H3p. 

Zahniscr. — By K. M. and C. R. Zahniser, Mercer. Pa., 1906, 2i8p. 


Colonial Dames of America. — Mass. Soc. Register, 1S03-1917, Bost., 
Same. — N. J. Soc. Register. 1914. Trenton. 1914, 415P. 

Genealogical-Index 1 1 1 

Same— N. Y. Soc. Register, 1 893-1 901, N. Y.. 1901, 3/0p. 

Same.— Penn. Soc. Register, etc., Phil., 1898, iQ3p. 
Colonial Society of Pennsylvania. — Charter, etc., 1902, 1906, 2v. 
Daughters of Founders and Patriots. — Nat. Soc. Lineage Book, 1910- 

'19. v. 1-7. 
Daughters of the Am. Rev. — Directory of Nat. Soc, Washington, 1895, 
1896, 1901, 191 1, 4V. 

Same. — Lineage Book, Harrisburg, 1895-1922, 59V. and Index to v. 

Same. — 17th Report (containing Pierce's Report), Washington, 1915, 
pp. 149-712. 

Same. — Conn. Soc. Chapter Sketches — Patron Saints, N. Haven, 
(1901), 531P. 

Same. — Conn. Soc. Chapter Sketches — Patriots' Daughters, N. Ha- 
ven, 1904, 390P. 
Descendants of Signers of Dec. of Independence. — Year Bool:. 
Order of Founders and Patriots of America. — Nat. Soc. Lineage Book. 

Same. — Members, etc., Oct. and Nov., 1906, 2 pamphlets. 

Same. — Register, etc., 1902, 191 1, 2v. 

Same. — N. Y. Soc, 5 pamph. 
Scotch-Irish in America. — Concord. N. H., 1902, I38p. 
Society of Men of the Revolution. — Year Book, X. Y., 189c, 376p. 
Society 01 Colonial Governors. — Penn. Soc, Phil., 1916, 323P. 
Society of Colonial Wars. — X. Y. Soc. N. Y., 1893. I04p. 

Same. — General Register. 1899-1902. N. Y., 1902, 82ip. 

Same. — Supp. to General Register, Bost, 1906, 3?Cp. 

Same. — Second Supp. to General Register, N. Y., 1911, 415P. 

Same. — Index to Ancestors and Roll of Members, N. Y., 1922, 913P. 

Same. — Cal. Officers, Roster, etc., Los Angeles, 1915, 8_4p. 

Same. — Cal. Annual Roster, Los Angeles. 1920. 

Same. — Mass. Proceedings of General Court, Bost., 1S94, 1895, 2v. 

Same.— N. J., 1903, 191 1, 1917, 3V. 

Same. — (The full Library of the N. 1. Society is about to be placed 
in the Library of the New Jersey Historical Society). 
Society of Mayflower Descendants. — N. Y., (1901). 447p. 

Same. — "Mayflower Descendant." quarterly Mag., v. 1-24, 1899- 

Same. — N. Y. Record Book, 1912, 1922, 2v. 
Society of the Cincinnati. — Institution adopted 1783. 22p. 

Same. — Institution, etc.. N. Y.. 1851, n6p. 

Same. — Papers of the Conn. State Soc. 

Same. — Maryland. Register, etc. 

Same. — N. J. By-laws, Rules, etc, N. Y., 1870. 

Same. — N. J. Historical Papers, Brooklyn, 1897. 

Same. — N. C. List of Members, Jan., 1907, Bait., 1907. 

1 12 Proceedings NtW Jersey Historical Society 

Society of the Daughters of Holland Dames. — Record Book, N. Y., 

1907, 1913. IV, 
Society of the War of 1812. — Constitution and Register. 
Sons of the American Revolution. — National Register, etc., (N. Y., 
1902), 10350. 
Same.— National Year Book, etc., 1894, 1903-1921, iov. 
Same.— Official Bulletin ; quarterly, 1908-1922. 
Same. — Cal. Soc. History, etc, 1897, 55p. 
Same.— Conn. Sec. Year Book, 1895-6, 1900-3, N. Haven, 1896- 

1904, 2V. 
Same. — Mass. Register of Members, etc. (Springfield), 1899, 1916, 


Same. — N. J. Year Book, 1910, 2;op. 
Same. — Empire State (N. Y.) Register, 1899, 584P. 
Same. — N. Y. Reports and Proceedings, iqio-ii. 109P. 
Sons of the Revolution. — N. Y, Soc. Const., by-laws, membership, N. Y., 

1890, 860. 
Same. — N. Y. Soc. Register, etc., N. Y., 1892, 28ip. 
Same.— N. Y. Soc. Year Book, 1890, 1893, 1896, 1898, 1899, with 

sup., 1909, jrv. 
Same. — Penn. Decennial Register, etc., Phil., 1898, 457p. 


Plume, W. Beach. — Beach and Allied Families, 2 large packages, not in- 

Burnet, John R. — Burnet, Ball and other families of Northern N. J. In 
vertical file and indexed. 

Gardner, Charles Carroll. — Gardner Collection. About 30,000 cards, rec- 
ords of N. J. families; 29 books of notes on families A — Clark; 
thousands of pages of notes arranged alphabetically under family 
names; copies of tombstones inscriptions and other records. 

Leonard, Oliver B. — Leonard Collection. Notes on families, chiefly of 
Middlesex Co., N. J.; tombstone inscriptions from same county, 
partially arranged in vertical file, not indexed. 

Marsh and other Families of Middlesex and Union counties, N. J. — 
Four boxes, with note books of family records, cemetery inscrip- 
tion, etc., copied over 30 years ago; miscellaneous genealogical 
data, not indexed. 

Randolph, Stelle F.— Randolph, Stelle and other N. J. Families. Three 
volumes of family records, indexed on about 10,000 cards by Mrs. 
Charles A. Christian. 

Genealogical-Index 113 

Schenck. Garret C. — Genealogies of Early settlers of Pompton, Pequan- 
nock and Pompton Plains, 1 vol., with index. 

Stockton Collection. — About 75.000 cards, containing records of N. J. 
families; also about 1,200 folders with genealogical data arranged 

Vail, Theodore N. collection. — Indexed by S. Ward Righter on about 
26,000 slips, containing records of Vail, DeHart and allied fam- 
ilies; also about 2,100 individual family records. 

Acquackanonk. — Index to Records of Acquackanonk R. Dutch Ch. at 
Passaic, N. J., 1896-1911, as printed in "Church Tablet;" prepared 
by Wm. W. Scott, of Passaic. 
- v- Caldwell. Pres. Ch. — Marriages and Baptisms, 1784-1828; copied by W. 
r B. Plume, 1910. (Not complete transcript). 

Cheesequakes. — Marriages, 1798-1835, copied by G. W. Labaw, 6ip. 
v Crosswicks. — Upper Freehold Baptist ch. baptisms, 1766-1787; baptisms 
and deaths, 1814-1843? (in "Church Book," 1742-1843?) 
Elizabeth. — St. John's ch. baptisms, 1750-1856; marriages, 1751-1794, 

1796-1854; burials, 1803-1856. 
Greenwich (Warren Co.). — Baptisms, 1770-1836; marriages, 1780-1793, 
1850-1863; deaths, 1782-1792. 
f New Germantown. — Zion Lutheran Church, register of male members 
(1767) with dates of death where known. (In J. C. Honeyman's 
"History of the Zion Lutheran Church at New Germantown, 
1 N. J.," etc.). 

New Providence. — Pres. ch., extracts including baptisms, marriages 

and some deaths, 1804-1825, 125P. 
Newark. — Obituaries from Newark newspapers, 1810-1850, arranged 

Passaic. — (See Acquackanonk). 
. / Sussex county. — Marriages from dockets of Justices of the Peace, 
/ ^ I775-i8-'3. 

Westfield. — Pres. ch. baptisms and marriages in Session book No. 2, 

Westfield. — Pres. ch. marriages, 1759-1803, copied by Mrs. H. R. Cooke, 


Collection of American Epitaphs. — By Timothy Alden, N. Y., 1814, 5v. 
Sixteenth Century Marriages. — By C. A. Barnau, London, 191 1, 33ip. - 
Inscriptions, etc., in Greyfriar's. — By James Brown, Edinburgh, 1867, 

Connecticut.— Fairfield, t. s., by K. E. Perry, Hartford, 1882, 24ip. 

Milford, t. s., by N. G. Pond. N. Haven, 1889, 69P. 

Oneco, t. s., by E. F. Welsh, n. p., 1909, 24p. 


114 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

Vital Records to 1850. of Bolton, New Fairfield, New Haven. Nor- 
folk, Norwich, Sharon. Vernon, Welles, Woodstock. 

Early Marriages (prior to 1800), by F. W. Bailey, N. Haven. 6v. 

Digest of Early Probate Records, by C. W. Mamvaring, Hartford 
Dist., 1635-1750, Hartford, 3V. 
Maine. — Vital Records to 1892, of Farmingdale, Pittstown. Randolph. 
Massachusetts. — Boston births, baptisms, marriages and deaths, by 
Boston Commission, 1630-1699 (No. 9) ; Boston marriages, 
1700-1809 (Nos. 18, 20); Dorchester births, marriages and 
deaths to end of 1825 (No. 21) ; Roxbury ch. records (No. 6). 

Boston, Coop's Hill gr. yd., Albany, 1878. n6p. 

Vital Records to 1850, of Abington, Alford, Amesbury. Andover, 
Arlington, Ashburnham, Athol. Auburn, Barre, Becket, Bed- 
ford, Bellington, Beverly. Billerica, Bolton, Boxborough. Eox- 
ford, Bradford, Bridgewater, Brockton, Brookfield, Burlington. 
Cambridge, Carlisle, Carver, Charlemont, Charlton. Chelmsford, 
Chelsea, Chester, Chilmark, Cohasset, Dalton, Danvers, Ded- 
ham (to 1845), Deerfield. Douglas, Dover, Dracut. Dudley, 
Dunstable, Duxbury, Edgartown, Essex, Foxborough, Fram- 
ingham, Gardner, Gill, Gloucester, Grafton, Granville. Great 
Barrington, Greenfield, Hamilton, Hanover. Hanson. Hard- 
wick, Harvard, Haverhill, Heath, Hinsdale, Holden. Holliston, 
Hopkinton, Lexington. Lincoln, Lynn, Lynnfield. Maiden, 
Marblchead, Marlborough, Medfield. Medford, Medway. Men- 
don, Methuen, Middlefield. Middleton, Mil ford, Millbury, 
Montgomery, Natick, New Ashford, New Braintree, Newbury, 
Newburyport, Newton, Northbridge, Norton. Oakam, Oxford, 
Palmer, Pclham. Pembroke, Peru, Petersham, Phillipston, 
Plymouth County, Reading. Rehoboth, Richmond. Rochester, 
Royalston, Rutland. Salem. Salisbury, Saugus, Scituate. Sharon, 
Sherborn, Shirley, Shrewsbury, Southborough, Spencer, Stone- 
ham, Stow, Sturbridge, Sudbury, Sutton. Templeton. Tewks- 
bury, Tisbury, Tyngsboro. Tyringham. Uxbridge, Wakefield, 
Walpole, Waltham, Warren. Washington, Watertown. Way- 
land, Wenham, Westborough, West Boylston, West Bridge- 
water, Westford. Westminster, West Newbury, Westport. West 
Stockbridge, Weymouth, Williamstown. Winchendon, Windsor, 
Woburn, Worcester, Worthington, Wrentham. 

Cambridge Epitaphs, by W. T. Harris, Cambridge, 1845, IQ^P- 

Groton Epitaphs, by S. A. Green. Bost., 1878, 27ip. 

Woburn Epitaphs, by Cutter and Johnson, Woburn, 1889, 78op. 
New York.— Calendar of 'Wills at Albany, by B. Fernow, i6j6-iSS6, 
M. Y., 1S96, 657P- 

Marriage licenses prior to 1784, by Sec. of State, Albany, i860, 

Genealogical-Index 115 

Marriage licenses, supp. list (in State Lib. Bull, of Hist., No. 1) 
Albany, 189S, 48* 

Albany Ch. Records, marriages and baptisms, 16S8-1771 (in "Holl. 
Soc. Yr. Hk.," 1 904-1906). 

Brooklyn, Ref. Dutch ch. marriages, 1661-1691 ; baptisms, 1660- 
1688 (in "Holl. Soc. Yr. Bk.," 1897). 

Brooklyn, Flatbush Ref. Dutch ch. marriages, 1677-1787; baptisms, 
1677-1754 (in "Holl. Soc. Yr. Bk.," 1898). 

Fishkill, t. s. inscriptions, by T. W. Van Voorhis, N. Y. (1882), 

Kingston, Ref. ch. Registers from 1660 for 150 yrs.. by R. R. Hoes, 
N. Y., 1891, 797P. 

New Paltz, Ref. Dutch ch. marriages, 1731-1803, 180S-1815; baptisms, 
1731-1816 (in "Holl. Soc. Yr. Bk.," 1896). 

New York Ref. Dutch ch., Selwyn's Rec. of Marriages, June, 1686- 
April, 1687 (in "Holl. Soc. Yr. Bk.," 1916). 

New York Ref. Dutch ch., burials, 1727-1808? (in "Holl. Soc. Yr. 
Bk.," 1899). 

New York City, Abstracts of Wills, 1665-1800 (in "N. Y. Hist. 
Soc. Coll.," 1893-1906), 15V. 

New York City, Lutheran ch. marriages, 1704-1772; baptisms, 1704- 
1723 (in "Hoi. Soc. Yr. Bk.," 1903). 

New York City, Pres. ch. births and baptisms, 1728-1787; mar- 
riages, 1756-1813 (in "N. Y. Gen. and Biog. Rec," v. 4-20). 

New York City, Brick Pres. ch., births, marriages, deaths (in "Per- 
sonal Records," N. Y., 1909, 26rp.). 
.New York City, Ref. Dutch ch., baptisms, 1639-1800; marriages, 
1639-1781 (in "N. Y. Gen. and Bio. Rec," v. 5-32). 

Southold, Salmon Private Reg., marriages and deaths, 1696-1811, 
1918, U5p. 

Tombstone Inscriptions (MS., unbound) ; Orange co., b. gd. near 
Middletown. — Rockland co., Clarkstown Martegmus b. gd. ; 
Dorant b. gd., near New City; old b. gd., New City. — Upper 
Nyack old b. gd. — Ulster co., Pine Grove twsp. fam. b. gd, west 
of Saugerties. 

Tarrytown, First Ref. ch., baptisms and marriages, 1697-1786, 
Yonkers, 1901, 252P. 

Ulster county Probate Records, by G. Anjou, N. Y., 1906, 2v. 
Pennsylvania. — Marriage licenses prior to 1790 (in "Penn. Arch.," Sec- 
ond Series, v. 2). 

Marriage licenses, 1784-1786 (in "Penn. Arch.," Sixth Series, v. 6). 

Marriage licenses prior to 1S10 (in "Penn. Arch.," Second Series, 
v. 8, 9). 

Easton, First Ref. ch., baptisms, 1780-1823; deaths (Kaston, Green- 
wich, Dryland^ 17S6-1794 (in KieiTer's "First Settlers," 1902, 
pp. 77-402). 

Ii6 Proceedings AY<v Jersey Historical Society 

Lancaster county, baptisms, marriages, deaths, 1734- 1834 (in "Penn. 

Arch.," Sixth Series, v. 6, pp. 1-151). 
(For other Perm, records, see "Penn. Mag. of Hist.," v. 1-46). 
South Carolina. — Marriage licenses in "S. C. Gazette," etc., 1732-1801, 

Albany, 1002, 174P. 
Rhode Island. — Newport county, m. 

Providence, 1898, v. p. 
Vermont. — Marriages at Montpclier, Burlington, Berlin ; Burlington, 
1903, 92P. 


General Published Works 

Index of Wills. — 1705-1S04, 1S04-1830, by Sec. of State, 2v. 
. Index of Wills, etc. — Prior to 1901, by Sec. of State. 1912, 3V. 
y'Land Records and Wills.— 1664-1703 (in "N. J. Archives," v. 21), 7"0p. 
'.^Marriage Records— 1665-1800 (in."N. J. Archives," v. 22), 678p. 
' Calendar of Wills. — 1670-1730 (in M N. J. Archives," v. 23), 662p. 
Calendar of Wills.— 1731-1750 (in "N. J. Archives," v. 30), 7o8p. 
Roman Catholic Marriages. — 1758-1800 (in "Records of Amer. Cath. 

Hist. Soc. of Phila.," v. 1-4, 8; also in same, v. 2. pp. 295-398). 
Marriages. — 1666-1682, by W. Nelson (in "Hist. Sketch of Marr. and 
Div.," 1904). 

Vital Record by Counties, Published or in MS. 

Atlantic County 

Tombstone Inscriptions. — (MS., bound) : Clark's Landing, old cem. — 
Estellville, Meth. b. gr.; Stcelman family b. gr. — Heymouth b. 
gr. — Linwood, Central ch. yd. — May's Landing. Catawba ch. yd.; 
Presby. cem. ; Westcott Free b. gr. — Pleasant Mills (Shore), M. 
E. b. gr. ; Steelman b. gd. — Pleasantvillc, Mt. Pleasant M. E. 
ch. yd. — Smith's Landing, Salem M. E. ch. yd. — Somers Point, 
Somers b. gd. — Tuckahoe. /"Etna M. E. cem. (Also MS. un- 
bound) : Absecom, Meth. b. gr. ; Pres. cem. — Bargaintown, Zion 
M. E. cem. 

Bergen County 

Hackensack — Ref. Dutch ch.. marriages. 1695-1S02; baptisms, 1696- 

1784 (in "Holland Soc. Yr. Bk.," N. Y., v. 13; also in "N. J. 

Archives," v. 22. pp. 467-514). 
Schraalenburgh. — Ref. Dutch ch., marriages, 1724-1S01 ; baptisms, 1724- 

1800 (in "Holland Soc. Yr. Bk.," N. Y., v. I; also marriages in 

"N. J. Archives," v. 22, pp. 515-548). 

Genealogical-Index 117 

Tombstone Inscriptions.— (In "Proc. N. J. Hist. Soc") : Allendale, 
Ackerman farm, 111-7:22. — Areola, Voorhis b. gr., N. S. II, 168. — 
Crooked Pond, III-10-73.— Demarest Old b. gr., N. S. I:io8.— 
Edgewater, III-7 :io6 f 9:59. — Englewood, Van Brunt b. gr., N. 
S. 1:38. — Fairlawn, Hopper b. gr., 111-7:22. — Harrison Park, N. 
S. 2:57.— Hillsdale, III-7 :23.— Hohokus, N. S. 1 :29— Hopper 
farm (now Havemeyer), 111-7:24. — Leonia, Christian Ref. ch., 
III-io:78.— Lower Saddle River, Van Buskirk b. gr., N. S. 2:164. 
— Mahwah, Bissell farm, N. S. 2:54. — New Bridge, French b. gr., 
III-6:i4i. — New Bridge, Lutheran g. yd., 111-4:114. — New Mil- 
ford, N. S. 2:167. — Northvale, Gowdy farm, III-7.23. — Oakland, 
Demarest farm, III-1076. — Oakland, Hopper farm, III-1077; 
Ponds ch. yd., 111-8:26; Van Blarcom farm, III-1078; Van 
Houten farm, TII-io 178. — Pascack, 111-7:26. — Ramsey, Union 
cem., N. S. I :i 12. — Saddle River. Lutheran ch. cem.. III-8 :i47- — 
Sicamac, Van Houten b. gr.. 111-7:19. — Tappan, Eckerson farm, 
N. S. 10:61.— UnderclirT, III-7 :i9-— Upper Saddle River, Curtin 
farm, 111-7:28. — Waldwich. Hopper cem., N. S. 2:166. — West- 
wood, Old Hook cem.. III-7 :ii 1. 

Tombstone Inscriptions. — (MS., unbound) : Closter, Aurvansan gr. yd. — 
Dumont (formerly Schraalenburgh), North Ref. D. ch. yd. — 
Hackensack, Hudson Street True Ref. ch. yd.; Ref. ch. yd.; 
"Old Church on Green." — Leonia, True Ref. ch. yd. — River Read, 
First Luth. ch. yd. (Also MS., unbound) : Blauvelt's Mills, 
Zabriskie-Hopper b. gr. — Campgaw. — Carlstadt. Berry cem. — 
Colster, Auryansen-Xaugle b. gr. — Dundee Lake. — Fort Lee. — 
Glen Rock, Hopper b. gr. — Hackensack, Wyckoff cem. — Hohocus 
township, Upper Campaw cem. — Lodi. — New Prospect, Union 
cem. — Paramus, Valleau cem. — Paramus (Lower), James and 
Ackerman farms. — Saddle River cem. and Van Buskirk b. grs. — 
Spring Valley, Steenrapie, or Sluckup, b. gr., and Zabriskie cem. 
— Tappen (old), Saunders and DeWolf farms. — Upper Campgaw. 

Marriages. — 1795-1800, in Bergen co. clerk's office (in "N. J. Archives," 
v. 22, p. 553). 

Burlington County 

Birth Records (county).— 1770-1780 (in "Proc. N. J. Hist. Soc," N. S., 
3:55. 108, 178. 205). 

Burlington.— Friends b. gr. (in "Penna. Mag. of Hist.," v. 24). 

Burlington. — St. Mary's ch., baptisms, marriages, deaths, 1702-1836 (in 
pub. of Geneal. Soc. of Pa., 1903, v. 2, p. 241). (See also Still- 
well's "Hist, and Geneal. Misc.," v. 2). 

Chesterfield.— Marriages, 1685-1730 (in "Penn. Mag. of Hist.," v. 9); 
1686-1800 (in "N. J. Archives," v. 22, p. 650). 

Ii8 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

Tombstone Inscriptions. — (MS., bound) : Bordentown, old gr. yd., in- 
cluding stones removed to cem. outside. — Burlington. St. Mary*s 
ch. yd. — Commodore Stewart's farm. — Crosswicks gr. yd. —Mans- 
field, Quaker gr. yd. — Old Springfield Meeting Quaker gr. yd. — 
Mt. Holly, St. Andrew's ch. yd. (Also MS., unbound) : Newton 
Friends' b. gr. 

Camden County 

Newton. — Friend's marriages, 1679-1791 (in Clement's "Sketches of 
First Immi. Settlers," 1877, p. 387). 

Cape May County 

Marriages. — 1693-1826, H. S. Craig, Comp., Tuckahoe, n. d., 35p. 

Cape May Court House. — Baptist g. yd. (in "Penn. Mag. of Hist.," v. 
35, 36). 

Cold Spring. — Burials (in Hughes' "Hist. Address," 1889, p. 41). 

Tombstone Inscriptions. — (MS., bound) : Beesley's Point, M. E. ch. 
yd. — Cape May Ct. House, Bapt. ch. yd. ; M. E. cem. — Eldora. 
M. E. cem. — Erma, Tabernacle M. E. cem. — Goshen. Asbury M. 
E. cem. — Holmes' fam. b. gr. — Petersburg, M. E. ch. yd. — Tucka- 
hoe, M. E. ch. yd. — South Dennis, Union cem. — Also graves at 
out-of-way places. 

Cumberland County 

Tombstone Inscriptions. — (Published): Dividing Creek, 1916, up.; 
Greenwich Pres. cem., 1915, 50p., by F. D. Andrews, Vineland 
Hist. Soc. — Baptist cem. and Greenwich Pres. cem., by F. D. 
Andrews, Vineland Hist. Soc. 

Tombstone Inscriptions. — (MS., bound) : Cohansey, Ref. High Ger. b. 
gr. (Also MS., unbound) : Decrfield, Pres. b. gr.— Fairton (Old 
Cohansey), Pres. b. gr. ; M. E. b. gr. — Greenwich, Old Pres. 
b. gr. — Roadstown, Bapt. ch. yd. 

Essex County 

Belleville. — Ref. Dutch ch., Second River, baptisms, marriages, 1794- 
1827 (in "Proc. N. J. Hist. Soc," III-i 1178; 2:65, 131. 177) ; also, 
marriages, 1730-1774, 1794-1800 (in "N. J. Archives," v. 22, p. 

Newark. — Obituaries (from "Centinal of Freedom," 1796-1810 (in 
"Proc. N. J. Hist. Soc," III-i :i7). 

Orange.— First Pres. ch. baptisms. 1766-17S9 (in Wickes' "Hist, of the 
Oranges," 1892, pp. 149, 206). 

Orange. — Tombstone inscriptions before 1S00 (see "Jersey Genealogy" 
in Newark "Evening News"). 

Gcncalogical-lndcx 119 

Marriages.— (Special Essex co. lists of Marriages, 1795-1801, in "N. 
J. Archives," v. 22, pp. 582-604). 

Tombstone Inscriptions.— (MS., bound): Belleville. Christ ch. yd.; 
Ref. D. ch. yd. — Bloomfield gr. yd. — Brookdale, Meth. ch. yd. — 
Caldwell, Pres. gr. yd. — Cedar Grove. Canfield's b. gr. — Fairfield, 
Ref. D. ch. yd. — Kingsland, farm plot. — Livingston, Ely fam. 
plot. — Lyons Farms. — Newark, Trinity ch. yd. ; First Pres. ch. 
yd.; Second Pres. ch. yd. — Northfield. — Orange, St. Mark's ch. 
yd.; stones rem. to Rosedale cem — Pleasantdale gr. yd.— Rose- 
dale (see under "Morris Co."). — Rutherford, farm plot. (Also 
MS., unbound) : Belleville, Meth. b. gd.— Brookdale, old Stone 
House Plains b. gr. ; Ref. D. ch. b. gr. — Cedar Grove, Doremus 
gr. yd. — Fairfield, ch. yd. ; Van Ness b. gr. ; Fearce b. gr. ; Van- 
derhoof b. gr. ; Smith b. gr. — Maplewood, old cem. — South Orange 

Gloucester County 

Marriages.— 1687-1703; 1771-1776 (in "Penn. Mag. of Hist.," v. 27). 

Tombstone Inscriptions. — (MS., bound) : Raccoon Creek (Swedes- 
boro), Trinity ch. burials. — Berkeley, St. Peter's ch. burials. — 
Mantua Pike (below Woodbury), Reeves fam. b. gr. (Also MS., 
unbound) : Berkeley, Greenwich ch. book and Gloucester Parish 
Register, St. Peter's ch. (some burial records). 

Hudson* County 

Marriages, births, deaths. — From 1683 to 1840 (in Winfield's "Land 
Titles," N. Y., 1872, v. 1, p. 3V). 

Bergen (village). — Burials, baptisms and marriages. 1666-1788 (in "Hol- 
land Soc. Year Book," 1913, p. 20; 1914, p. 57; 1915, p. 21). 

Greenville. — Old b. gr., tombstone ins. (in "Proc. N. J. Hist. Soc," N. 
S. I:i 4 6). 

Jersey City. — Old Bergen Ref. D. ch., marriages, 1664-1801 (in "N. J. 
Archives," v. 22, pp. 551-581). 

Tombstone Inscriptions. — (MS., unbound) : Jersey City, "Constable's 
Book." — Old Bergen ch. yd. — Secaucus. — Abel Smith farm. 

Hunterdon County 

Marriages, (County). — From 1795-1875, H. E. Deats, Comp., Fleming- 
ton, 1918, 337P- 

Tombstone Inscriptions. — General in county, H. E. Deats, Comp. (in 
course of publication). 

Alexandria. — German Ref. ch. births and marriages, 1763-1802, (in 
Race's "Parish Register," Flemington, 1900, I7p. ; reprint from 
"The Jerseyman"). 

120 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

Amwell, Kingwood, Ringoes and Musconetcong. — Church of England 
marriages, 1768-1795; baptisms, 1768-1772 (in "Penn. Mag. of 
Hist.," v. 12, p. 212). 

Kingwood. — Friend's Records, by J. N. Moore, ioxo, 42p. 

New Germantown. — Baptisms, 1771-1800. by B. van D. Fisher (in "N. 
Y. Gen. and Biog. Rec," v. 31-34)- 

Tombstone Inscriptions. — (MS., unbound): Allerton, II. E. ch. rec- 
ords. — Readington twsp., Voorhees' b. gr. ; Wyckoff b. gr.— Sand 
Brook, Hart b. gr. ; Dunkard Bapt. b. gr. — Sandy Ridge, Baptist 
cem.— Sergeantsville, Meth. cem. — Stanton, Newell b. gr. — Also 
some private b. grs. elsewhere. 

Mercer County 

Tombstone Inscriptions. — (MS., bound) : Ewing, Pres. ch. yd. — Hope- 
well, Epis. ch. b gr. — Lawrenceville, Pres. ch. yd. ; outside cem. — 
Princeton, old gr. yd. — Trenton, First Pres. ch. yd. ; Riverview 
cem. ; St. Michael ch. yd. ; First Bapt. ch. yd. 

Middlesex County 

New Brunswick. — Christ ch. marriages, 1758-1778 (in "N. J. Archives," 
v. 22, p. 620) ; Ref. D. ch. marriages, 1794-1799 (in same, v. 22, 
p. 624). 

Piscataway — Births, 1671-1793 (in "Proc. N. J. Hist. Soc," III-273, 
169; 3:10). 

Piscataway.— Marriages and deaths, 1668-1805 (in "Proc. N. J. Hist. 
Soc," N. S. 4:33). 

Piscataway. — Seventh Day Bapt. ch. marriages, 1745-1776 (in "N. J. 
Archives," v. 22, p. 643). 

Woodbridge. — Marriages, births, deaths, 1671-1753; Friends' marriages, 
1726-1805? (in Daily's "Woodbridge," 1873, P- 315). 

Marriages (county).— 1795-1800 (in "N. J. Archives," v. 22. p. 629). 

Tombstone Inscriptions. — (MS., bound) : Metuchen, old b. gd. — Piscata- 
way cem. — Woodbridge, Meth. ch. yd. (partial). — Woodbridge, 
Piscataway and Perth Amboy, dates prior to 1800. (Also MS., 
unbound) : South Amboy, Morgan b. gd.— Stelton, Dunham b. gd. 

Monmouth County 

Book of the Dead. — By G. P. Martin, Asbury Park, 1915, I7ip. 
Shrewsbury. — Rumsen cem. inscrip. (in "N. Y. Gen. and Biog. Rec," 

v. 34). 
Tennent. — Old Tcnnent ch. baptisms and deaths (in Symmes' "Hist, of 

Old Tennant," 2nd Ed., 1904, p. 203). 

Gcncalogical-lndex 121 

Tombstone Inscriptions. — Various cem. of certain families (in G. C. 
Beckman's '"Early Dutch Settlers of Monmouth," p. 143 et seq). 

Tombstone Inscriptions. — (MS., bound) : Freneau fam. b. gd. — Holm- 
del, Bapt. ch. yd.; Holmdel cem.; Van Mater b. gd.— Imhystown, 
Yellow Meeting ch. yd. — Marlborough, Topanemus b. gd. — Mata- 
wan, Old Pres. gr. yd. — Middletown, Pres. b. gd. ; Lippit, or 
Taylor, b. gd. ; Wall b. gd. ; Hartshorne b. gd. ; Ref. D. ch. 
yd. — Pleasant Valley, Schenck-Conover gr. yd. — Tennent, old Ten- 
nent ch. yd.— Wickatunk, "Old Scots" b. gd. (Also MS., un- 
bound) : Allentown, Pres. ch. yd.— Manasquan, old b. gd.— Sea 
Girt, old b. gd. — Upper Freehold twsp., Yellow Meeting ch. yd. 
(See also "Stillwell," under "General Works"). 

Morris County 

Hanover. — Ch. members, marriages, baptisms, 1746-1796, 32p. 

Hanover and Whippany. — Tombstone inscrip., 1894, 93p. 

Morristown. — First Pres. ch. baptisms and marriages, 1748-1814 (in 
"Record," 1880-1885). 

Bill of Mortality. — By Wm. Cherry, deaths, 1769-1806, H2p. 

Rockaway. — Cemetery records (in Craven's "Rockaway Records," 1902, 
pp. 1, 297). 

Succasunna. — Record of grave stones (in "Pres. Ch. Hist. Mem.," 1765- 
1895, p. 40). 

Tombstone Inscriptions. — (MS., bound) : Berkshire ch. yd. — Boonton, 
upper cem.; Ball fam. plot. — Chatham, Fairmount cem. — Dover, 
Quaker and 2 other cem. — Flanders, Meth. ch. yd. ; Hill ch gr. yd. 
— German Valley (now Long Valley). — Hurdtown. — Lower Mont- 
ville, Ref. D. ch. yd. ; Seceder ch. yd. — Madison, First Pres. ch. 
yd.; John Hancock cem. — Mendham, First Pres. ch. yd. — Mont- 
ville, Peer fam. plot. — Morristown, First Pres. ch. yd. ; St. Peter's 
ch. yd.; Kemble Fam. plot. — Mt. Freedom, Bapt. cem.; Pres. ch. 
cem. — New Vernon. — Parsippany. — Pleasant Grove cem. — Pomp- 
ton Plains, Ref. D. ch. yd. ; Mandeville fam. plot. — Powerville, 
"Old Scot" gr. yd. — Roseland gr. yd. (in Essex Co.) — Rockaway 
Valley cem. — Whitehall, Van Duyne fam. plot. (Also MS. un- 
bound) : Drakestown cem. — Green Pond gr. yd. — Mt. Olive. Pres 
ch. records, burials and ch. yd. inscrip. ; Baptist cem. — Union 

Ocean County 

Tombstone Inscriptions. — (MS., unbound) : Good Luck Universalist 
ch. yd. — Point Pleasant. 

Passaic County 

Passaic. — First Ref. ch. register of children born and baptized in 
Acquackanonk, 1728-1856; marriages, 1751-1894 (in "Church 
Tablet," 1896-1911). 

122 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

Preakness. — Ref. ch. baptisms, from 1831, marriages from 1842, also 
tombstone ins. (in Labavv's "Preakness and the Preakness Ret. 
ch.," 1695-1902, N. Y., 1902, p. 252). 

Paterson. — Old Dutch church, baptisms, 1756-1808 (in "Nelson's "His- 
tory of Old Dutch Church at Totowa," 1892, p. 61). 

Pompton. — Ref. Dutch ch. yd. inscriptions (in "Proc. N. J. Hist. Soc." 

Pompton. — (See "MS. Geneal. Coll.," under Acquackanonk). 

Tombstone Inscriptions. — (MS., unbound) : Haledon, Ryerson b. gd. — 
Hawthorne, Degray farm b. gr. — Passaic, Ref. D. ch. yd. — Pater- 
son, old Ref. D. ch. yd. ; Van Houten b. gd. 

Salem County 

Tombstone Inscriptions. (M.S., bound): Alloway, Baptist ch. yd.; M. 
E. ch. yd. ; Public b. gd. — Canton. Baptist and Pres. ch. yds. — 
Daretown. — Friendship. M. E. ch. yd. and additional inscriptions. 
— Friesburg, Lutheran ch. yd. — Haines Neck, Methodist ch. yd. — 
Hancock's Bridge, Friends ch. yd. on Alloway Creek. — Harmers- 
ville, Friends' ch. yd.; Meth. ch. yd. — Jordantown (formerly 
Scullertown). — Marlboro, Seventh Day Baptist ch. yd. — Penns- 
grove, Emmanuel M. E. ch. yd. — Penns Neck, Methodist ch. yd. ; 
old St. George's (once Swedish Lutheran, now Episcopal) ch. 
yd. — Pennsville, old Pres. (once Quihawken) ch. yd. — Pilesgrove, 
old Methodist ch. yd. (near Sharptown). — Piusgrove. Baptist 
ch. yd.; Pres. cem. — Mill Hollow (near Salem) Baptist Ch. of 
Christ ch. yd. — Pedricktown, Friends' b. gd. — Dixon Farm (near 
Whig Lane), private b. gd. — Salem, First Bapt. ch. yd.; First 
Meth. ch. yd. ; Friends, b. gd. ; Pres. ch. yd. ; St. John's Epis. ch. 
yd. — Sharpstown, Meth. ch. yd. — Woodstown, Baptist ch. yd. ; 
Meth. ch. yd.; Pres. ch. yd. (Also MS., unbound) : Mill Hollow, 
Memorial cem. — Quinton twsp. (few inscriptions). 

Somerset County 

Baptisms. — About 12,700 (in vols, named in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.,") : 
Millstone R. D. ch., v. 7, 8. — Neshanic R. D. ch., v. 1, 2, 3, 4- — 
Readington R. D. ch.. v. 4. 5, 6, 7. 8.— Six-Mile Run R. D. ch., 
v. 8. — Somerville (Raritan) First Ref. D. ch., v. 2, 3, 4, 5. 6, 7. 

Wills.— Abstracts, 1804-1S09 (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar.." v. 6, 7, 8). 

Harlingen. — Ref. Dutch ch. baptisms, 1727-1734 (in "N. Y. Geneal. and 
Biog. Rec," v. 40, p. 2S8). 

Marriages. — About 6.000 (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar."), 1795-1879, v. 1-8. 

Tombstone Inscriptions. — About 5.000 (in "Som. Co. Hist. Quar."): 
Basking Ridge ch. yd., v. 1.— Bedminster ch. yds., v. 2.— Bennet 
farm, v. 5. — Bound Brook Pres. ch. yd., v. 1, 4. — Cedar Grove 

Genealogical-Index 123 

cem., v. 5. — Dumont Farm, v. 3. — Easton Turnpike cem., v. 3. — 
Elm Ridge rem., v. 3. — Garretson farm, v. 5. — Lamington, v. 2, 
3, 4. — Lane farms, v. 1, 5. — Millstone R. D. ch., v. 4. — North 
Plainfield twsp. gr. yd., v. 5.— Pluckemin Luth. ch. yd., v. 1 — 
Smalley farm, v. 5. — Smith farm, v. 1. — South Middlebush cem., 
v. 5.— Ten-Mile Run cem., v. 4.— Van Dcrveer farms, v. 1, 5 — 
Veghte farm, v. 3. — Voorhees-Nevius b. gr., v. 5. — Vossellcr farm, 
v. 3. — Vroom farm, v. 3. — Weston b. gr., v. 1. 
Tombstone Inscriptions.— (MS., bound) : Basking Ridge, Pres. ch. yd. 
— Bedminster cem.— Bound Brook, old b. gd.— Bridge Point, 
Voorhees gr. yd. — Millstone, Ref. D. ch. yd. — Pluckemin, old 
Luth, ch. yd. (Also MS., unbound) : Mt. Bethel Baptist ch. yd. 
and other b. gds. — Somerville, old cem. (incomplete). — Vermeule 
farm b. gd. (Preceding inscriptions, usually to 1850 only; see 
also preceding published inscriptions). 

Sussex County 

Tombstone Inscriptions. — (MS., bound) : Hamburg, North Hardyston 
cem. — Huntsville, Hunt's field and private cem. — Newton, new and 
old cem. — Tranquility, new and old cem. — Yellow Frame ch. cem. 

Union County 

Elizabeth. — First Pres. and St. John's ch. inscriptions in b. grds., 1664- 
1892 (W. O. Wheeler and E. D. Halsey, 1892), 355P- 

Plainfield and Rahway. — Friends' Records, marriages, 1686-1825; bap- 
tisms, 1736-1791 (in "N. Y. Geneal. and Biog. Rec," v. 8. 9, 10. 11). 

Rahway. — Tombstone inscriptions (in "N. Y. Geneal. and Biog. Rec," 
v. 36, 37). 

Scotch Plains. — Bapt. ch. marriages, 1758-1761 (in "N. J. Archives,'* 
v. 22, p. 647). 

Tombstone Inscriptions. — (MS., bound) : Connecticut Farms, old gr. 
yd. — New Providence, Pres. ch. yd. — Rahway, Pres. ch. yd. — 
Scotch Plains, Bapt. ch. yd. — Springfield, Pres. ch. yd. ; old brown 
stones in new cem. ; Revolutionary b. gd. — Westfield, First Pres. 
ch. yd. (Also MS., unbound) : Springfield, French-Richards farm 
cem.; also "Second cemetery." — Turkey (under New Providence). 

Warren County 

Greenwich. — (See under Pennsylvania, "Easton"; also under "Special 

MS. Geneal. Collections"). 
Knowlton. — First German and Eng. Congregations, baptisms, 1766-1810 

(in "Proc. N. J. Hist. Soc," X. S„ v. 3, 4). 
Tombstone Inscriptions. — (MS., unbound): Hackettstown, Pres. ch. 

cem.; record of burials. — Hope, Moravian cem. (incomplete. — 

Washington, Mansfield cem. (2 different copies). 

124 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 



An inquiry into the aboriginal inhabitants of Union County 
leads one into an interesting field of research. The traditions 
of the county, the histories of native inhabitants, the stone im- 
plements found in its soil, the records of discoverers, early set- 
tlers and missionaries, together with archaeological research, all 
contribute to one's efforts for a clearer understanding of these 

It is often asked what tribe of Indians inhabited these parts. 
Considering the possibility of this territory having been inhab- 
ited from five to ten thousand years before the discovery of 
America, the question would be more aptly put : "What peoples 
have inhabited this territory from time to time in the past?" 
In this brief paper I will consider this latter question, togeth- 
er with the nature of the people who lived here when Verra- 
zano touched our coast in 1524. 

For some years past archaeologists have been attracted to 
certain stone implements that suggest an age of man much 
earlier than that of the aboriginal inhabitant of America known 
as the American Indian. The one group of specimens that has 
aroused inquiry is made up of implements commonly called 
"turtlebacks." In France scientists speak of them as the coups 
de poings, or hand hoes, in England as "hatchets," and in Amer- 
ica as paleoliths and neoliths. These implements are made 
from various materials, such as jasper, argillite, rhyolite, quartz, 
chert and novaculite. Crudeness of workmanship, lack of pol- 
ish, absence of pottery found with them, depth of position in 
undisturbed deposits and patination on fractured surfaces, in- 
dicate great age for the manufacturers of these primitive im- 
plements. In many cases they are found deposited with shells 
and bones of the Pleistocene or Glacial epoch which geologically 
immediately preceded the Recent epoch. 

1 Paper read before the Union County Historical Association. See also 
on the "Lenni Lenape or Delaware Indians," address by Chancellor 
Walker in Proceedings, New Series, Vol. 2, p. 193.— Editor, 

The Aboriginal Inhabitants of Union County 125 

There is a disposition on the part of popular opinion to con- 
clude that evidence of prehistoric man might be found in Eu- 
rope, Asia or Africa, but that in this comparatively new coun- 
try of America evidence of prehistoric man is impossible. How- 
ever, findings at Abbeville, France, and at Caddington, Eng- 
land, prompted such men as C. C. Abbot of Trenton, New Jer- 
sey, H. C. Mercer, of Doylestown, Pa., and Ernest Volk, of 
Cambridge, Mass., to search for remains of prehistoric man in 
America. The investigations of all of these men have been 
more or less confined to the Delaware River valley. Dr. Ab- 
bot found both human bones and paleoliths deeply imbedded in 
the Trenton gravels. Dr. Mercer located a primitive argillite 
quarry at Gaddis Run, near Point Pleasant, Pa. Ernest Volk, 
in an expedition for Harvard College, found implements, hu- 
man and animal bones six or more feet beneath the yellow grav- 
els at Trenton. The writer in the Upper Delaware near Ding- 
man's Bridge found hearths with hearth-stones in original po- 
sition and crude implements nine feet below the surface. On 
the floors of rock shelters along the Delaware south of Easton 
the writer has also found distinctive argillitic cultures two and 
a-half feet below the surface in undisturbed position. 

There seems to be little doubt that a race of primitive men 
inhabited the Delaware River valley at a very early date, pos- 
sibly five to ten thousand years ago. It may be much earlier. 
Some ethnologists think these early people were aiuochthonus 
to this continent, i. e., an original people in this hemisphere. 

Implements such as are found in the Delaware River valley 
are almost as common in the vicinity of Union county. While 
no investigation has been made to locate specimens in situ, yet 
many have been picked up that have found their way to the 
surface. Mauls, pitted stones and "turtlebacks" are met with 
on almost every inhabitable site in the county. 

If the thesis of our archaeologists is correct, and there is 
strong evidence that it is, man has inhabited this territory for 
many thousand years. Whether his occupancy was continuous 
or not is questionable, and to what extent the land was inhab- 
ited from age to age by different tribes of the same race car- 
ries us bewilderingly into the field of speculation. 

126 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

By the patina on chipped stones there is strong evidence of 
two distinctive early epochs. The older is spoken of as the 
Paleolithic and the more recent as the Neolithic. Specimens of 
flint show by the patination on certain flake-scars decidedly 
greater age than others. It would seem that primitive man in 
Paleolithic time picked up certain pieces of flint and, after 
breaking off a few flakes, cast them aside ; and that a thousand 
years or more later other workers in stone tried to fashion them 
to their needs without success. I say a thousand years or more 
later, for the patina, as shown on scars of these ancient arti- 
facts, took longer to form than the historic period of man's 
existence on the eanh. Then, too, the distinctive differences 
in character of patination on the same background indicate a 
definite lapse of time. 

Though the evidence seems apparently small and rather du- 
bious to some, there is, as above stated, indication of two dis- 
tinct epochs, known as the Paleolithic and the Neolithic. 

There is a class of argillitic artifacts in forms, such as crude 
knives, arrow heads and spears, that points to a period much 
older than the recent flint era. These are especially common in 
our county. Since there were no native rocks that were work- 
able, and since the glacial drift had a noticeable dirth of worka- 
ble material, caches of quarry material were doubtless brought 
from long distances. The argillite implements found in the 
county seem to be of the character of the argillite native to the 
section south of Frenchtown, N. J., and was probably imported 
from that section. 

According to the weathering of the implements found the 
people who used them lived here sometime about one thousand 
years ago. Of this people all that is known has been gathered 
from the few imperishable implements which they have left 

Following the argillite age came a people who worked in flint 
and granitoids. Arrow heads and ceremonial implements are 
found of jasper, chert, hornstone, granular quartz, crystaline 
quartz and the many varieties of materials that make up the 
quartz group. This period shows considerable progress in abil- 
ity to work in stone. 

The Aboriginal Inhabitants of Union County 127 

Another step in progress is marked by the polished imple- 
ments. Jasper, flint, rose quartz, trap rock, green-stone and 
diorite were used. Celts, axes, ceremonials, tomahawks, gor- 
gets and beads were articles that were polished. At times the 
whole implement was polished. Often this process stopped 
with part of the implement. 

An advance beyond this latter innovation was the use of cop- 
per and the invention of pottery. While tribes in the northern 
part of the State used copper to some extent, there is no evi- 
dence from the implements of the county that copper was 
used here. 

In respect to pottery it must be said that, while some pottery 
is found about Elizabethport, there is a notable absence of it 
on sites in the interior. This is surprising since there was so 
much of it made about Raritan Bay. 

When Columbus discovered America there was a widely dis- 
tributed Indian population all along the Atlantic seaboard. 
New Jersey (or "Scheyichbi," as the Indians called it) was in- 
habited by the Lenni Lenape who, according to their tradition, 
had come to the land from the north or west from three to five 
hundred years prior to that date. They belonged to one large 
stock known as Algonkin. The people of this stock were at the 
height of their prosperity at about the time Columbus arrived. 
They extended from Labrador to the Carolinas, but were main- 
ly settled in the valleys of the Connecticut, Hudson, Delaware, 
Susquehanna and Potomac. The more prominent divisions, ac- 
cording to Brinton, were the Micmacs in Nova Scotia ; the 
Abnakes in Maine; Pequots and Narragansetts in Massachu- 
setts ; Mohegans in the lower Hudson Valley ; the Lenape in 
New Jersey ; the Nanticokes about Chesapeake Bay ; the Conoy 
on the Potomac, and the Powhatans and Shawnees in Virginia 
and the Carolinas. A linguistic study of the several dialects 
of the Algonkin stock points the student to the basic roots of 
the Crees in Labrador. It is for this reason that the Lenape 
legend that refers to their grandfathers of the North seems 
more acceptable than the legend that refers to the West. 

At the time of the discovery of this section of the continent 
by Verrazano in 1524 there was an Alliance, including the Mo- 

128 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

hegans, the Lenape, the Nanticokes and the Canoy, with the 
Lenape at the head. Ruttenber refers to it as the most formid- 
able of Indian confederacies. Holding the vantage position 
along the Atlantic Coast it, without doubt, had already proved 
its prowess over all other Indian nations in the East. 

The name Lenape is found in various spellings, such as 
Lenappys, Lenopi, Leonopy. Lcnni means original, pure ; and 
Lenape, people. Len corresponds to ncn meaning our; and 
ape, an adult male. The Lenape always spoke of themselves, 
and were so spoken of by their neighbors, as the original peo- 
ple. The warriors of this tribe would cry "Husca n' lenape 
win." (Truly, I a lenape am). 

The sub-tribes of the Lenni Lenape are the Minsi, Unami 
and Unalachtigo. 

The Minsi, Wemintheiw, Monseys, Montheys, Munsees, or 
Minisinks, occupied the northern part of the State. They were 
"the people of the stony country.'' Their great council fire 
was along the Delaware River about three miles north of Ding- 
man's Bridge. They were a warlike people and were the dom- 
inating sub-tribe of the Lenape group. Their totem was 
ptuksit (pronounced took seat), and meant round foot the 

The. Unami, Wenanmeiw, Wonameyo, Wanami, occupied 
the central part of the State, including Union county. They 
called themselves the "the People down the river." Their 
great council fire was near Trenton. In civil affairs they took 
the lead. The turtle or pakoango (poke-koo-un-go ; the crawl- 
er) was their totemic animal. 

The Unalachtigo (Umalachtiko) were the people who lived 
near the ocean and possessed the southern part of New Jersey. 
They were referred to by John Smith as the Chikahokin, and 
were a sedentary people. Their great council fires were doubt- 
less at Collingswood on Cooper's Creek (Asseroches) and on 
the Cohansey Creek. The turkey or pallaewk (pul-la-ook; he 
does not chew) was the totem of their tribe. 

In reviewing the references to aboriginal inhabitants of this 
locality there are at least five names that refer to the Indians 
on Staten Island and in New Jersey north of the Raritan and 

The Aboriginal Inhabitants of Union County 129 

south of Wequahick (Wi-qua' jek) or Bound Creek. These 
are Naraticong, Sanhican, Raritan and Wappings or Pomp- 

There is evidence from the earliest records that the Narati- 
congs were aboriginal inhabitants of the Raritan Valley. In the 
"History of New Netherlands" there is reference to this tribe 
inhabiting the country, particularly on the north side of the 
Raritan. On the earliest map of the section made by Lucian, 
1632, the Naraticongs are indicated as living in the vicinity of 
Red Bank, Monmouth county. Peter Lindstrom, on his map of 
the Delaware in 1654-55, locates the Naraticongs on Oldmans 
Creek in Salem county. This transition is explainable by a 
reference of O'Callaghan in the "Documentary History of 
New York," in which he states that the Naraticongs were driv- 
en out some thirty years after this (that is, after they were 
first known to Europeans), by repeated attacks of the Minsi 
and Delaware Indians, whom the Dutch distinguished by the 
name of Sanhicans. Their last rights on the Raritan were re- 
linquished in 1677 by their principle chiefs, Ca-nack-a-wack 
and Thin-go-rawis. The Passaics at this early time left the 
upper part of the State and migrated to the vicinity of Phila- 
delphia, and are referred to there as the Passayunk or Passa- 
jungh. At about this same time the Naraticongs doubtlessly 
migrated to Oldmans Creek. 

On Vander Donck's map (1656), the Indians occupying this 
part of the State are called the Sanhicans. They apparently oc- 
cupied the whole of the central part of the State, from the 
Falls at Trenton along the upper Indian Path to New York 
Bay. From the similarity of names it is likely that there is 
close relation between the Mohegans of the lower Hudson and 
the Sanhicans of Central New Jersey. Mohegan comes from 
Mahikani ; Sanhican or Sanhicanni. was formerly Assanhican, 
which means a stone implement people. 

It appears that the name Sanhican was used but little by the 
early explorers and settlers. The Indians in this eastern end 
of the State were so closely associated with the river along 
which they lived, and the river was so characteristic of the 

130 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

meaning of its Indian name, that it was regularly applied tc 
the Indians within its water shed. 

Raritans is apparently the name that the Dutch used for the 
Sanhicans. It is a corruption of Eraruwitan, shortened to 
Raruwitan, and Raritan. It means "the streams overflows so." 
The name is not truly Lenape, for there is no R in the Lenape 
language. The word Rahway is in the same class. It is prob- 
ably a corruption, and is possibly an abbreviation of Rocka- 
way. The word reoccurs on Long Inland, in Morris county and 
in Hunterdon county. 

Hodge, in the "Handbook on the American Indian," speaking 
of the Raritans, says: "A former important division of the 
New Jersey Delawares, occupying the Valley of the Raritan 
and the left bank of the Delaware as far down as the Falls at 
Trenton, where they seem to have had an important settle- 
ment. They are frequently mentioned as a confederacy. One 
writer speaks of them as having two Sachemdoms and 20 
Chieftaincies. They were estimated at 1.200 warriors in 1646. 
Owing to troubles with the Dutch and the inroads of the 
southern Indians they retired soon afterwards to Kittatiny 

Brinton says the Wappings, Opings (or Pomptons) lived on 
the west side of New York Bay and southwardly, or, accord- 
ing to Ruttenber, "from Roelofr Jansen's Kill to the sea." He 
continues : "In the middle of the Eighteen century the remains 
of the Pompton Indians resided on the Raritan river. The 
boundaries of their territory were defined in 1756 at the Treaty 
of Crosswicks." 

Smith says the nations most noted from home that sometimes 
inhabited New Jersey on the north side of the Raritan were the 
Capitinnasses. the Gacheos, the Munseys, Pomptons, the Sene- 
cas and Maquaas, and that this last was the most numerous and 

Before the sixth one was added these were known as the 
Five Nations. The Dutch called them the Mahaknase (Ma- 
haw-ksey was an Indian name in South Jersey.) This was 
probably what is referred to at times as the Raritan Confed- 

The Aboriginal Inhabitants of Union County 1 31 

Capitinasses appears to be closely related to Capatamin. 
Capatamin, with Conack-a-mack and Thingorawis, owned a 
tract about Woodbridge and Piscataway in 1677. This tract 
began at Matockshigan, or Kent's Neck, which was the point 
where the Minisink Trail crossed the Raritan, and extended up 
the river to a fresh river called Sacunk, which is Green Brook, 
Union county. It included the Dismal Swamp near New 
Market, which was called "Manaquescake," and Ash Swamp, 
called "Tamaques." A place called Matochshoning was a part 
of their domain. Its location was at South Plainfield. 

The Munseys are well known. The Pomptons lived orig- 
inally in and about Pompton, New Jersey, in Morris, Passaic, 
Essex and Hudson counties. 

The name Senecas possibly relates to one of the five tribes of 
the Iroquois, the "adders" of the Algonkin. It might have 
been Smith's spelling of Sennachus, a chief in the Passaic Val- 
ley in the vicinity of Chatham and New Providence at the head 
of a small Indian kingdom in the northwestern end of Union 

It may be, too, that Mr. Smith was very much confused in 
his statement, for Capitinasses is another name for Onondaga, 
Gacheos for Cayuga, and Maquaas for Mohawk. With these 
equivalents his statement would read : '"The nations most noted 
from home that sometimes inhabited New Jersey on the north 
side of the Raritan were the Onondagas, the Cayugas, the 
Munseys, the Pomptcns, the Senecas and the Mohawks." 
(Smith "History of N. J.," p. 136). The fallacy of such a 
statement is apparent to the least informed. 

There are few Indian names extant in the county. Rahway, 
Wequahick, Passaic, Raritan, Watchung, Normahiggin, Shack- 
amaxen, Mindowaskin, Wewonapee, include, I believe, all of 

Rahway correspond? to Rockaway. probably from na-wak- 
wa, meaning "in the middle of the forest." 

Wequahick "at the head of a creek." 

Passaic is possibly a contraction oi the name of a Pompton 
Chief, Paakek Siekaak, or Paakeh Sehaak. That part of the 
Passaic river in Union county was called at an early time 

132 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

Watchung (or Wachtschu) is probably derived from "\Ya- 
chunk" in the Munsi dialect, meaning "high hill," 

Normahiggin is a variant of Monahiggens, Xanhegans, or 
Mohegan, an Indian to Gov. Lowry, "Xoluns Mohegtms" 
(Elizabeth Town Bill, p. 114). The root is derived from Man- 
igan, wolf, the totem of the Munsee. This name is a vestige of 
the inroads or influences of the Hudson valley Mohegans. 

Shackamaxon is the name of a Delaware tribe that lived 
within the limits of Philadelphia. The name docs not belong- 
to this section. 

Mindowaskin, one of the four original owners of the county 
from whom Captain Baker purchased clandestinely the tract 
including Westfield. YVewonapee was also one of the four. 
Seweckronek and Canundus were the other two. 

If the Wappings were the last to occupy this territory it is 
probable that they were known to the Dutch as the Raritans. 
A treaty was made with them in 1634. In 1648 it was estimated 
that there were 1,200 Raritans, (Raritanoos, or Raritangs) in 
the valley of that river. 

It was said in 1721 that the Indians were few and very inno- 
cent and friendly. 

At the Treaty of Crosswicks in 1756 Tom Evans, an Indian 
of this section, represented the Raritans. At that time there 
were but 300 Indians in Xew Jersey and 200 of them were on 
a reservation at Brotherton. 

The Raritans had the Hackensacks as their neighbors on the 
north, the Nawesinghs (or Xavesinks) on the south, and the 
Neshannocks on the west. 

Mr. Leslie Spier, who did some field work in the western 
part of the county some years ago. makes the following state- 
ment : "The surface archaeological remains found on these 
sites partake of some of the characteristics of the sites of the 
Paterson region." He continues: "It would obviously be ill- 
advised to attempt an explanation of the apparent heterogeneity 
which exists in this group." ("Indian Remains near Plain- 
field, Union County," written for Bulletin 13, "Geological Sur- 
vey of Xew Jersey.") This would substantiate the statement 
by Brinton that the Wappings, or Pomptons, lived here at one 

The Aboriginal Inhabitants of Union County 133 

time, and that more than a single tribe, or sub-tribe, inhabited 
this territory during the whole period of aboriginal occupation. 
The character of surface artifacts indicates different charac- 
ter of people at different periods. It is known that the Indians 
were a roving people, changing their habitation according to 
food supply of fish, game and vegetable life, and according to 
weather conditions, the effects of foreign attack, the intolera- 
ble conditions of camp sites, and camp debris; effect of spirit 
of superstition, venture, exploration and visitation. The supply 
of fish and fowl would attract them to the coast in both Spring 
and Fall. The sheltered hills seemed better for Winter abode. 

It is quite probable that Iroquois inroads were frequent, for 
remains of their pottery is found both on Staten Island and the 
mainland. Smith's reference to the Maquaas (Mohawks), 
Senecas, Capitinasses (Onondagos) and Gacheos (Cayugas), 
being the principal tribes north of the Raritan, might have been 
prompted by the intermittent visitations of these remote tribes. 

Governor Lovelace, in 1665, refers to the pence between the 
Iroquois and the Hackensacks, Tappans and Indians of Staten 
Island, brought about by Perewyn, chief of the Hackensacks. 
The Raritans also had certain dominion over Staten Island ac- 
cording to Ruttenber, which would include them. At the 
County Clerk's office, Richmond, Staten Island, in Liber B, a 
deed dated February 10, 1698-9, refers to a "certain t^act or 
parcel of land lying and being at Sagoddiochguissatt, which by 
deed of gift has been granted unto said John Mangilson by the 
Maquas Indians in the year 16S1-2." The Maquas were Mo- 
hawk Iroquois. 

Groups of Indians would often carry their merchandise from 
long distances. In this way there were innovations of tribal 
elements in various sections. This was the more prevalent 
after the advent of the white man. for Indian merchandise was 
more salable. An illustration of this has been brought to my 
attention by Mr. Paul S. Tooker, of Westfield. In July, 1694, 
a band of 700 braves encamped at Minisink. These men v C re 
laden with furs that had been carried on their backs from the 
far West. They were on their way over the Minisink Trail to 
the coast to sell their furs. Such a trading group may settle in 

134 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

a section for a long time and leave not only implements but 
considerable influence behind them. It is possible that some 
would never return to their original hunting ground. 

The name Iroquois is from the Algonkin language, Irinak- 
hoiw meaning "real adders." The suffix ois is French. The 
name shows that there was a fierce feud between these two 
great Indian nations. Naturally this antagonism would reach 
the Sanhican, Algonkin, Unami Lenape, (Raritans, according 
to the Dutch), who inhabited this section in Union county. 

The relationship between the Indians west of the Arthur Kill, 
(After-Kull) and those of Staten Island, with the exception of 
the northernmost point, was close. It will be recalled that the 
original purchase of Elizabeth Town by John Bayley, Daniel 
Denton and Luke Watson included the territory bounded on the 
south by the Raritan river and on the east by After-Kull river 
running north "till we come to the first river which sets west- 
ward out of the said bay aforesaid, and into the countery twice 
the length as it is broad from the north to the south." The 
conference was held on Staten Island, where the chief Saga- 
mores from whom the land was purchased lived. The Saga- 
mores, with whom the covenant was made, were Mattano (Ma- 
na-mo-wo-auc) and Cow-es-co-men. However, the Indians 
who signed the deed were Mattano, Sewakherones and Wari- 

There was a possible misunderstanding on the part of the 
Indians respecting the extent of this purchase. There is rea- 
son to believe that the First river, which sets westward out of 
the "said bay aforesaid," was thought of by the Indians as the 
Rahway. The fact is there is no "aforesaid day" referred to. 
The English purchasers had in mind the Passaic. They could 
not have bargained for the land north of Wequahick, for that 
belonged to the Hackensacks, and Elizabeth Town never made 
such an extensive claim, even though there was considerable 
controversy concerning the dividing line between the two set- 

Into the "countery twice the length" carried the claims as far 
westward on a line at right angles with the coast as the Mus- 
conctcong river. If the distance had been measured by the ir- 

The Aboriginal Inhabitants of Union County 135 

regular line of the coast the claim would have extended to the 
Delaware. Later claims and controversies of the Elizabeth 
Town lots indicate that the Delaware river was considered the 
limit of the claim. 

There is little doubt bur that the Indians considered the 
Minisink Path as the limit of their claim. This path ran from 
Springfield by the Echo Lake Golf Club, east of the Fairview 
Cemetery, Westfield, east of Ash Swamp (Tamaques), through 
Metuchen to Kent's Neck, on the Raritan. The camp of Ma- 
tochshegan was at this point opposite Sayreville. Captain John 
Baker, the English and Dutch interpreter of the Elizabeth Town 
purchase, seems to have been aware of this understanding on 
the part of the Indians, for before Carteret came he clandestine- 
ly purchased from Mindowaskin, Canundus and Seweckroneck 
(possibly the Seweckherones of the Elizabeth Town purchase) 
and Wewonapee, the land west of the Minisink Trail, including 
Westfield and Scotch Plains, later known as the Baker Tract. 
These chieftains were probably Munsey Lenape of the Wap- 
ping Clan, who had been crowded back to the mountains in the 
northwestern end of the county, because of the incoming white 

It is possible that this transaction is indicative of a general 
policy of dealing with the Indians. They did not understand 
the language of the Whites. They were honest themselves and 
thought the Whites even so in their bargaining. The Whites 
were greatly tempted and, through various concessions of the 
Indians, successful to the settlers, and through the weakness 
of the Indians to protect themselves, purchases were at the 
best onesided bargains, if not so intentionally worded as to 
be particularly favorable to the purchasers. The "Walking 
Purchase" in Pennsylvania was of this character. 

There is much speculation about the character of the Sanhi- 
can, or Raritan Indians. They were a war-loving people, as 
were all of the Lenni Lenape. This probably accounts for there 
being so few of them on the advent of the white man. De Yries 
(1665) pictures them as tolerably stout, with a long lock of 
black hair like a cock's comb. Some of the women were well- 
featured with long countenances and loose hanging hair. They 
were very foul and dirty. 

136 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

Dankers and Sluytcr, in 1679, speak of them as "dull of 
comprehension, slow of speech, bashful, bold of person and 
red of skin. They wear something in front of them over the 
thighs, and a piece of duffel like a blanket around the body, and 
that is all the clothing they have." 

De Vries says the Tapancse and Wicquas Geckse (possibly 
Wequahick) wore beaver skins over the body with fur inside 
in winter and outside in summer. Bear's hide, wild cat and 
hefspanen (raccoons) were also used. Coats were often made 
of turkey's feathers, and O'Callaghan says the women orna- 
mented themselves more than men, and the children ran about 
nearly naked much of the time. Both went bare headed for 
the most part. Bracelets were worn around the neck and arms. 
Moccasins and leggings of elk hide were common. They often 
painted their faces with red or black lead. At times the women 
would draw black lines around their eyes. 

Their food consisted of maize, mainly. This was pounded 
with flat stones, or with a pestle in the hollow of a tree stump. 
They would sieve it through a wotassen, a basket made of 
hemp. Tobacco, beans, squash and melons were grown. Nuts 
and wild grapes were used as food. Fish, oysters and game 
were stable diets. 

The Raritans and Hackensacks were given to hunting and 
fishing rather than to agriculture. A long bow with arrows, 
having stone heads, was the most common weapon. They 
would often hunt deer by means of "drives," in which the ani- 
mals were driven into the water and then slain. 

Their habitations were net like the wigwams of the plains, 
although the term "wickom" was used by the Lenape. A 
dome-shaped shelter made of bent bows or reeds was the most 
common house. This was so low that a man would have to 
stoop to get into it. In the center of the roof was a hole for the 
smoke to escape. The lodge was usually about 30 feet in cir- 
cumference. Salt meadow grass, cornstalks, leaves, hides, 
brush and fallen branches were used for thatching purposes. 

The "Long House" of the Iroquois is reported by Dankers 
and Sluyter on Long Island. There is no direct evidence that 
it was used in New Jersey. 

The Aboriginal Inhabitants of Union County 137 

Bark canoes and dugouts were used for transportation. A 
child was carried on the back of a squaw by means of a skin 
slung over the shoulder and under the arm. Parched corn was 
transported in grass baskets made of a mattress-like weave. 
Pottery containers, with woven coverings, were common. 

The dead was buried in an embryonic position, hands in front 
of the face, and knees under the chin. After the influence of 
Christianity came full-length burials were made. During the 
Winter, when the ground was frozen, bodies were left in an 
out-of-the-way place. With the Spring the flesh would decay 
from the bones, and, as soon as practical, a "bone burial" was 
made. It was the custom of the Lenape, in case of migration, 
to take the bones of their dead with them. Heckewelder 
speaks of a migrating procession going through Bethlehem, Pa., 
that carried with it such a stench from the bones of the dead 
being transported that the inhabitants were almost driven out 
of town. 

A warrior had usually but one wife ; however, this was not 
always the case. In the "Remonstrance of New Netherlands" 
it is stated that both men and women were exceedingly unchaste 
and lascivious without the least particle of shame. A girl 
was marriageable at adolescence. At that time she would be- 
deck herself with zeewan (trinkets, wampum, beads, etc.), and 
go and sit in an exposed place with some squaws, showing that 
she was out for a bargain. The suitor with the most zeewan 
was usually successful. (DeVries). 

Their civil organization, where there was any, consisted of a 
King with a few followers. In case of attack the strongest 
King in a section naturally took the lead and the weaker ones 

In general they believed in the great Mannitto with many 
inferior Mannitowak. They were conscious of an evil spirit, 
but believed that he could not harm them as long as they were 
in favor with the good spirit. According to Heckewelder they 
were very superstitious. The owl was considered a bird of 
warning. When one was heard about the camp an Indian 
would take some Gli-an-i-can (Indian tobacco) and sprinkle it 
in the campfire, so that the smoke would scare him away. 

138 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

David Brainard speaks of their worship of idols. There was 
probably considerable of it among the Lenape, however it was 

In conclusion we gather that there is evidence of man having 
lived within the limits of our county at a very early age, possi- 
bly five to ten thousand years ago ; that his advent might have 
been in the Pleistocene epoch, when the great glacier receded to 
the north ; that the Crees of Labrador might have followed up 
the tolerable arctic climate until they located themselves in 
their present latitude. The semi-lunar knife occasionally picked 
up, the similarity of language and the Indian traditions of a 
migration from the north, are the scanty elements of evidence 
that are accessible. 

The Algonkin nation seems to have had possession of this 
coastal area for the past thousand years. Furthermore, it 
would appear that the Lenni Lenape, who considered them- 
selves and were so accepted by their compeers as the original 
people, have possessed the land of New Jersey as far back as 
tradition takes us. 

The Unami sub-tribe of the Lenni Lenape inhabited the 
central part of the State. In this division various clans, such 
as the Sanhicans, or Raritans, Wappings, or Pomptons, have 
held supremacy from time to time. It is quite evident that fre- 
quent inroads by the warlike Iroquois ("adders'' in the eyes of 
the Algonkin) have been made, and that a perpetual feud ex- 
isted between these two great Indian nations. 

The more we study the Indian the more the student concludes 
that he was not the picturesque inhabitant of our land that 
art has idealized ; that he lived on a very low level of civiliza- 
tion, if such it may be called ; that his morals and savage dis- 
position hindered both his progress and his increase upon the 
earth ; that the influence of civilization developed a just hatred 
in the heart of the Indian for the White man. and that his 
innate distaste for sham and intrigue created an implacable 
enmity for the settler who encroached upon his rights. 

May our knowledge of him increase and our appreciation of 
his position in the great drama of the world be much en- 

Witches in New Jersey and Elsewhere 139 



The graphic descriptiox of our native New Jersey witches 
by the Rev. Joseph Fulford Folsom in the October issue of the 
Proceedixgs (1922) may possibly have aroused in the minds 
of some readers a curiosity to compare rather more fully the 
characteristics of our own practitioners of the black art with 
those of persons of like repute dwelling beyond our borders. 
Though not professing to be an authority on the subject the 
present writer recalls distinctly a number of witch stories told 
by his grandfather, 1 who was born in the White Mountain re- 
gion of New Hampshire and spent nearly three score and ten 
years of his life as a resident of Penobscot county, Maine. 
Some striking resemblances between these tales and those pre- 
served in Mr. Folsom's article are to be noted. Like the aver- 
age Jerseyman (as described by Mr. Folsom) the narrator ex- 
pressed no faith in the supposed supernatural basis of the hap- 
penings related, but declared with a smile that all were welcome 
to explain such matters as they might see fit. He wished it 
to be understood that he merely repeated these stories as they 
had been told to him, or as the incidents had been generally 
interpreted at the time of their occurrence. 

Many of the Xew Jersey witches may have been, as Mr. 
Folsom suggests, no more than half sisters to those of Salem, 
but the following tale will tend to show that some of them were 
enough like the witches of Maine and New Hampshire to have 
been their twins. In these States, as in Xew Jersey, they seem 
to have entertained a remarkable antipathy to butter and its 
process of manufacture, and an equally extraordinary aversion 
to horseshoes. 

On one occasion a Mr. C, after wrestling in vain with a 
churn for an unreasonable length of time, concluded that his 
labors were being rendered futile by the machinations of a 
witch. He even thought he could identify the culprit as a cer- 
tain elderly woman who lived hard by. Being an astute per- 
son he refrained from giving voice to his suspicions, but silent- 

1 Deacon Joseph YVorthen. of, Maine. 

140 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

ly concocted a scheme for his enemy's discomfiture. After a 
while he casually remarked to his wife, who was busy about 
the room with her household duties : "Mother, I wish you 
would churn a spell ; I want to put a shoe on Dolly." 

The good wife complied with his request, while he proceeded 
to heat a horseshoe in the kitchen fire. As he started to go out, 
carrying it with a pair of tongs, he paused to inquire whether 
the butter was coming. His wife raised the cover of the churn 
to let him inspect the contents, — and quick as a wink he clapped 
the red-hot shoe into the cream. The butter came promptly 
thereafter ; and they learned the next day that the suspected 
neighbor had been taken suddenly ill at the selfsame moment 
when the cream and the hot steel came in contact. Something 
of the element of secrecy noted by Mr. Folsom is involved in 
this narrative, but the object was clearly to deceive the witch, 
not merely to work a charm according to a fixed formula. 
There was in this case no attempt to conceal the horseshoe it- 
self, only the purpose for which it was being prepared. Though 
witches could render themselves invisible, they were evidently 
not mind-readers. 

The idea that a witch felt a certain disinclination to sit down 
on a horseshoe, even when it was at normal temperature, seems 
to have been seriously entertained in New Hampshire, what- 
ever Jersey people may have thought about the matter. The 
origin of this opinion is unknown to the writer, and is no doubt 
lost in the mists of antiquity, but it was seemingly a real one, 
and not a mere jest of the scoffer. At all events this story 
bears out such a supposition : 

One time an old woman, reputed to be a witch, made a call 
at the home of a neighbor in Sandwich, N. H. One of the chil- 
dren of the family (evidently knowing the character of the 
visitor and being familiar with the witch-lore of the day) crept 
up softly behind her and tried to put a horseshoe under her 
chair. All of a sudden the old woman turned pale, jumped up 
and exclaimed : 

"O, Mrs. \V., I feel faint! May I lie down a minute on 
your bed ?" 

If she could so quickly feel the approach of the dreaded ob- 

Witches in New Jersey and Elsewhere I4 1 

ject and was thus affected by its unseen presence, no one need 
wonder at its efficacy for the disenchantment of a bewitched 
churn ! 

The writer can give no original example of "witch-burning 
by proxy" in Xew Hampshire, but this highly desirable method 
is referred to in a history of Wearc 2 as in use in that town, and 
research would probably reveal many more instances. The 
author of this work states that Mrs. Dustin, a notorious witch 
of Weare, was supposed to be addicted to the habit of taking 
possession of animals, and it was believed that the only way to 
get her out of one was to cut off and burn the ear or tail of the 
afflicted beast, whereupon it would at once begin to mend, but 
the witch would always have a sore spot afterwards upon her 
person. Another and mere dangerous sorceress, whose name 
is not given, used to assume the form of "a wild-looking black 
cat with an evil eye," and bring dire distress into every family 
she visited. At last a public benefactor, seeing the cat in his 
house, seized and threw her into an old-fashioned brick oven 
which was at white heat, and closed the iron door. The news 
soon spread throughout the community "that the old witch was 
lying dead in bed at her home, burned to a crisp." 

The story of the fatal mistake of Uncle Abram's wife, men- 
tioned by Mr. Folsom, in feeding two women (who proved to 
be witches) and thus defeating her husband's effort to relieve 
a bewitched cow by the well-known expedient of burning a 
piece of her ear, may possibly be attributed to a theory that any 
exchange of hospitality between an adept in magic or witchcraft 
and an actual or prospective victim might dissolve the charms 
or counter-charms then brewing. This is illustrated by anoth- 
er anecdote told by the writer's grandfather: 

Capt. James Xeal Bean, a native of Sandwich, N. H., was 
prominent among the early settlers of Corinna, Maine, being 
noted for physical strength and other qualities admired in 
frontier communities. He lived near the Worthens in the sec- 
tion of the town called "Pleasant Vale." Capt. Bean was 
known to possess a vigorous command of language, but sud- 

* "History of Weare," New Hampshire (William Little, 18S8), pp. 

142 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

denly to the astonishment of all he totally lost the power of 
speech. It was rumored that a wizard with whom he had quar- 
reled had cast a spell upon him. Matters continued thus for 
sometime, but at last the wizard and his victim met at a "rais- 
ing," where the prevalent good cheer exercised such a soften- 
ing influence that for the time being they lost sight of their 
differences. The wizard offered Capt. Bean a drink of rum 
from a pocket-flask, which he accepted, and at once recovered 
the use of his vocal organs ! 

In most respects the Jersey witch probably was "no better 
or worse than her sisterhood of other times and lands," but, if 
we are to accept Mr. Folsom's full length portrait of her as a 
faithful likeness, we really must acknowledge that some of her 
sisters of the simon-pure Salem type had her beaten in point 
of good looks. Susanna Martin, 3 one of the best known rep- 
resentatives of that group (who was executed at Salem in 
1692), is described in the report of her trial quoted in Up- 
ham's "History of Salem Witchcraft" as "a short, active wo- 
man, wearing a hood and scarf, plump and well-developed in 
her figure [and] of remarkable personal neatness." One of 
the chief accusations against her, made by Mrs. Sarah Atkin- 
son, was that she walked all the way from Amesbury to New- 
bury "in an extraordinary dirty season," without even wetting 
the soles of her shoes, though she [Sarah] would have become 
wet to the knees ! Such a thing simply could not have been done 
without the aid of Satan himself. There was much more 
testimony against Mistress Martin, but none which would carry 
any weight at the present day. 

It may not be out of place to add here that, after all, the 
Salem witchcraft delusion cannot reasonably be attributed to a 
form of fanaticism peculiar to the Puritans. Views on the sub- 
ject similar to theirs were then world-wide, being entertained 

'The step-mother of the writer's ancestress. Hannah (Martin) 
Worthen, wife of Ezekiel Worthen, of Amesbury. For a poetical version 
of her unhappy fate, see Whittier's "Mabel Martin." In this work- 
Hannah, the step-daughter of the witch, is represented as her daughter 
and is called "Mabel." while her husband. Ezekiel Worthen. is called 
"Esek Harden." The author also takes some other liberties with the 
facts of history to suit the exigencies of the poem. 

Witches in New Jersey and Elsewhere M3 

by the learned 4 as well as the ignorant ; and executions for the 
same alleged offense took place at dates both earlier and later, 
in many lands where Puritanism was non-existent. 5 We must 
also bring epidemic delusions of other kinds into the picture in 
order to see this episode in the proper historical perspective. 
The "Dancing Mania" on the Continent and the "Popish Plot" 
in England are among numerous instances in point. New 
Yorkers who marvel at the credulity displayed by the inhab- 
itants of old Salem Town might study with advantage the rec- 
ords of the so-called Negro Plot of 1741. 6 Half a century 
after the Salem executions New York City, in a frenzy of ter- 
ror over an imaginary conspiracy to overthrow the government, 
hanged and burned many innocent people. 7 The most casual 
examination of the evidence would convince any unprejudiced 
person in our day of its entire falsity and absurdity. 8 The 
star witness, a sixteen-year-old girl named Mary Burton, de- 
serves a place in history by the side of Abigail Williams, Ann 
Putnam and the other juvenile witch-finders of Salem. 

The collection and study of witch tales and other folklore 
should certainly be regarded as an important work. They lead 
us back through the ages to the infancy of the human race, and 
are no less significant, though perhaps harder to read aright, 
than that great volume whose pages constitute the strata of the 
earth's crust. Mr. Folsom's article is a valuable contribution 
to our knowledge of the life and thought of New Jersey, and 
should stimulate others to preserve any similar material which 
they may have in their possession. 

4 For a logical exposition of the matter see "Sadducismus Triumpatus; 
or A Full and Plain Evidence Concerning Witches and Apparitions" by 
Joseph Glanvil, Chaplain in Ordinary to King Charles II and F. R. S. 

'Many interesting facts bearing on this question are collected in the 
Chapter on "Magic and Witchcraft" in the \V. E. H. Lecky's "Rationalism 
in Europe." 

6 Daniel Horsmandcn, one of the Judges who presided at the trials, has 
left an account of the proceedings in a volume entitled "The New York 

' One hundred and seventy-four persons were imprisoned, sixty sold 
into slavery in the West Indies, twenty-two hung and thirteen burned 
at the stake. Only twenty were executed during the witch-panic at Salem. 

8 For a critical study of the subject see "The Great Slave Conspiracy 
Delusion; A Sketch of the Crowning Judicial Atrocity of American 
History." by Dr. Walter Franklin Prince, in "The Saturday Chronicle" 
(New Haven), June 28- Aug. 23, 1902. 

144 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 


[Concluded from Page 30] 

In publishing in our preceding (January) number the letters 
concerning Hibernia Furnace during the Revolution, we inad- 
vertently omitted to mention that they were copied by permis- 
sion from documents in possession of the Washington Asso- 
ciation of New Jersey at Morristown, by Mr. Henry C. Ward, 
of Newark, he being a great-great-grandson of the writer of 
the letters, Charles HorT, Jr. Mrs. Ward is engaged in trac- 
ing out the HufT family line (see item in our department of 
"Queries and Miscellany"). 

The following will now conclude these letters (including cer- 
tain interesting instructions about the employment of deserters 
for labor at the Furnace) : 

Letter to Abraham Kitchell, Esq. 

"Hibernia, May 1, 1778. 
"Sir: Should be much obliged to you if you give me the 
loan of the late Act passed for drafting one man out of every 
eighteen until Sunday next, when I'll return it to you again. I 
most desire you to grant precepts for Thomas Welsher, Jacob 
Lish and George Tichenor (or Tente?) to appear at your house 
by the 12th of this inst, for non-performance of their agree- 
ments, with the damages and the rehearing with Peter Young's 
father-in-law, the same day. when I'll be at your house to hear 
their exemps and oppose them. 

"I am your most humble servant, 

"Charles Hoff, Junr." 

Letter to Brig. -Gen. William Wind 

"Hibernia Furnace, June 16. 1778. 
"Honorable Sir: I just received a letter from your Bri- 
gade Major Halsted. per your order, concerning some 2. 21 
and 22 shott ; am sorry we have not any of the kinds cast. We 
shall blow by the 10th of July, when I shall be exceeding happy 
in serving you, should you not be supplied sooner. This you 
will please to inform me, by a line. We have a quantity of 
grape shott — 6, 12 and 18; shott on hand, contracted for by 
General Knox and paid for by the Continent [Continental Con- 

Revolutionary Letters Concerning Hibemia Furnace 145 

gress?]. Should any of that kind answer your purposes, on 
procuring his order you can have any part, or all. 
"I am with due respect, your most humble servant, 

"Charles Hoff, Junr." 

Authority to Brother to Engage Deserters 

"Being in possession of a Furnace as Manager thereof, com- 
monly called and known by the name of Hibernia Furnace, be- 
longing to the Right Honorable William, Earl of Stirling, Ma- 
jor General in the Service of the United States of America, 
situated in the County of Morris and State of New Jersey, 
which is employed for the Continent in casting all sorts of mili- 
tary stores, which we have engaged to furnish as speedy as- 

"I find it, therefore, essentially necessary to employ a num- 
ber of workmen for that purpose, and, as I am informed that 
a good many deserters, both of the British Troops and Hessians 
are come in and sent to Philadelphia, I have sent the bearer, 
my brother John Hoff, on purpose, and given him full power 
hereby, to engage as many men as he thinks proper, such as are 
sent to cut wood in the winter season and can assist in the coal- 
ing business during the summer season, and a few other trades 
men, when they shall meet with the best encouragement and 
treatment, provided they make good their several engagements 
to which they will be called, and whatever agreements and 
promises the said John Hoff does make the same shall be 
punctually fulfilled by me, the Subscriber. 

"Charles Hoff, Junr. 

"Hibernia Iron Works, July 4, 1778." 

Instructions for Messrs. Bernard Smith and John Hoff 
"For Mount Hope 

"From 25 to 30 men as are used to wood-cutting and labour 
suitable for iron works. 

"2 Good carpenters and wheel-right; 2 blacksmiths. In- 
cluded in the above number 2 masons ; if you can meet with a 
young man or boy that can shave (dress hair, wait on table, 
take care of horses), get him if possible, an Englishman or 
one that talks both languages. 

"The tradesmen agree with in this way; in case there is no 
employ for them, at their trades, to work at such business as 
may be most convenient to me, if you possibly can at first agree- 

146 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

"For Hibernia 

"From 15 to 25 men, such as above, particularized for iron 
works ; a good blacksmith ; a good wheelwright ; 1 or 2 good 
carpenters, and 1 or 2 good masons ; one instructed in the first 
number. Agree with them as is mentioned for Mount Hope, 
if possible; let all or as many as possible be Englishmen or can 
speak that language. 

"First, every man brings his blankets, knapsack. They must 
be messed 4 or 6 men together and board themselves. They 
will be found good provisions, which they must buy and ex- 
pect to pay for out of their wages. 

"Secondly, We are informed they are full in Philadelphia of 
men; therefore you'll be careful to choose and pick out such 
as are acquainted with hand labour and civil, sober men. 

"Thirdly, agree with them, to furnish them with as much 
cash on the road as will supply them with their necessary de- 
mands for victuals and drink daily, which you are to tell them 
they must allow to be deducted out of their wages, when they 
are at the works. Also, they are all to stick and stay close to- 
gether on the road and not scatter apart nor think, after we 
have been at the trouble of going after them, to hire upon any 
pretense whatever with any person until they arrive at the 

"Fourthly, should you think it best to hire a wagon and pur- 
chase the provisions in a large quantity and cart them with 
you for them, do as it seems most profitable in your eyes and 
for the best conveniences. 

"Fiftly, if any or all of them have guns, advise them to bring 
them along. They will be allowed a generous price here for 
them and also all accoutrements in the military way. 

"Sixthly, you will take a letter to General Arnold, who has 
the chief command of the City of Philadelphia, as also you will 
get letters at Reading, one from General Mirlin, one from 
Messrs. Francis Horseimdever( ?), and one from Col. Morgan, 
and one for Isaac Moses and Hayman Levy to their friends in 
Philadelphia to assist you, in your affair, which make the best 
use of. 

"Seventhly, try by all means, to get a letter to the Town 
Major of Philadelphia, from one of the gentlemen before men- 
tioned, or from some of their friends in Philadelphia, to in- 
troduce you to him as he has the Command over all deserters. 

"Eightly, it could also be advisable for you to enquire for 
Capt. Dahauh ( ?) and the rest of the gentlemen that were pris- 
oners at Mount Hope, as they will be of infinite service to you. 

Revolutionary Letters Concerning Hibcrnia Furnace 147 

"Ninthly, from the letter you will present to General Arnold 
you will receive from him a pass, which he will furnish you 
with. If not, you must word it for him to sign in the manner 
following: 'That all the deserters, sent to the care of Messrs. 
Smith and Hoff, be permitted to pass Mount Hope and Hiber- 
nia Furnace in the County of Morris and State of New Jersey, 
free and unmolested to said works, without being importuned 
by any person on the road to hire or detain them at their peril, 
for any pretense whatever, as they are to be employed at the 
aforesaid works, which are engaged for the Continent.' In 
making preparations for the Army and Navy and this pass, 
you will present [it?] to any person, who may presume to do 
anything of the kind. 

"Tenthly, inform yourself particularly what part of the 
country will be most safe to conduct them through, on account 
of the excursions of the enemy, to avoid danger. 

"Eleventhly, such tradesmen, if any there are, as a taylor, 
carter, lockmaker, gunsmith, cooper, such as are acquainted 
with manufacturing steel and other mechanical [matters?] 
— tradesmen that might be beneficial if wanted, could you en- 
gage them at coaling and other common business, make choice 
of them, [as to] working entirely at the trade as agreed to. 

"Mr. Faesh wants a good new brewer and distiller, a gen- 
teel, sober, honest and industrious man. If possible an Eng- 
lishman, as he has good conveniences for that business. Mr. 
Faesh is willing, if he can get a man he can confide in, to take 
him into partnership. 

"Twelfthly, in the wages for wood-cutting, they shall be 
equal to what other hands have, and as they are green or new 
hands in the different employments, such as cooking, etc., they 
cannot expect the same wages as old hands have that have 
more experience, but shall receive wages accordingly, and we 
think from 9 to 10 or 1 1 York, per month. This must be ex- 
plained to them, they finding themselves ; explain the currency, 
or they may expect Proc. [lamation] money, or Sterling. Car- 
penters and wheelwrights shall have in proportion more, ac- 
cording to their understanding and faithful attention to their 
business. However, all this must be left to you to judge, as it 
is impossible for me to know how much the farmers and oth- 
ers offer them per day or monthly. This you must enquire and 
regulate the price accordingly. 

"Charles Hoff, Junior." 

148 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

Letter to Lord Stirling 

"Hibernia Furnace, July 10, 1778. 

"My Lord: I had the pleasure, two days ago, of hearing 
your Lordship was at Morristown, President of a Court Mar- 
tial to try General Lee. I included in one or two days to have 
gone down and had the honour of waiting on your Lordship. 
to have informed you how we were going on here, but am this 
day informed your Lordship is off for Paramus, where I would 
have waited on your Lordship in person, but multiplicity of 
business prevents my leaving the works. So, therefore, send 
the bearer, Mr. Garret Hoft, with this and some other letters. 

"Your Lordship, in your last to me, per negro Commodore, 
strongly recommended my blowing by the 1st of June. This I 
endeavored to effect, but it's impractical on account of work- 
men, and [I] strained every nerve with the few hands I had in 
making preparations, hoping daily more and more hands would 
come, but was disappointed and found to begin to blow, or 
even to think of it, when hands were so scarce, without 250 or 
300 loads of coal in the coal house, would be attended with the 
dangerous consequences of stopping up for want of stock and 
perhaps in the time of blowing out. I took the advice of Mr. 
Faesh and many others, and experienced Iron Masters on that 
head, who, on enquiring into the length of time we should blow, 
advised me by all means to omit blowing until the season was 
so far expired, as only just time left to blow out the stock, and 
in the meantime to hurry in the coal, etc., with all spirit. This 
I have done and find there is now in the coal house between 
250 and 300 loads and 150 or 60 tons of ore hauled to the ore 
bank ; have the bellows ; dressed the hearth in, and a full pond 
of water, and now only wait a few days before we begin to 
blow. To get our hay cut shall cut 20 or 30 tons of good hay 
off the new meadow, called Poplin Ridge Meadow, and 10 or 12 
tons of our other small meadows. 

"We had late accounts of there being a number of Hessian 
and regular deserters in Philadelphia. Mr. Faesh strongly 
recommended my sending off with him for a number of them 
to work at Mount Hope and here. We have sent off Mr. Ber- 
nard Smith, his clerk, a German, and my brother John, to that 
place, for 50 of them. I ordered my brother to bring for Hi- 
bernia Englishmen if possible. I intended fixing them in the 
woods, with the master collier, and taking the old experienced 
hands for the furnace, and such as we do not want for that 
purpose at cleaning out the remains of the large meadow. 1 
hope I have acted right in your Lordship's eyes. Have ex- 

Revolutionary Letters Concerning Hibernia Furnace 149 

changed but little pig metal for bar iron, as the iron masters 
would not do it on any conditions mentioned by your Lord- 
ship, but, on account of the scarcity of hands and of the stipu- 
lating Act taking place in this part of the country, let their 
forges lie still. I find hollow-ware would be in great demand 
here ; would fetch almost any price ; the making that article 
would be very advantageous and command cash to defray Miss 
Wiggand and many other small balances due by the works. 

"Mr. Taylor, of Durham Furnace in Pennsylvania, [is] with 
Mr. Faesh and me; he had an accomplished set of moulds for 
hollow-ware to dispose of [if] possible. Mr. Faesh recom- 
mended it much to me to buy them in partnership with him for 
the works. This we have done and bought them from Pennsyl- 
vania. The price was 200 lbs., and at this time we are sensi- 
ble they were not to be made for under 600 lbs. There is from 
a 2-ounce grape shalt to a 32 lb. sebolt ; moulds from one to all 
pots and kettles, to 40 or 45 gallons to different stove moulds, 
and moulds of every other kind. This I hope your Lordship 
will approve of. 

"We find it impossible to get supplied with flour and horse- 
feed within 40 or 50 miles from here, as it is all .purchased and 
seized by the Commissaries, and, as we have been and still hold 
ourselves in readiness to work for the Army, I think we might 
in justice be supplied from some of the magazines in this quar- 
ter, as any manufacturer is. Mr. Faesh has written to Charles 
Pettit, D. Q. M. G., to give us such orders . . . for such 
persons as he thinks proper for the State of New Jersey, or to 
let us have from time to time as much flour and horse-feed as 
is necessary for carrying on both works, we paying for the 
same. If your Lordship would use your influence in this mat- 
ter, think it might be effected, as at the time [I] know of no 
other way of procuring the articles. 

"The bearer will inform your Lordship more at large, any 
questions your Lordship thinks proper to ask about. 

"Am fearful whether or no my long epistle of particulars at 
this troublesome time will not be disagreeable to your Lord- 
ship. However, having the opportunity, thought it my duty; 
therefore hope your Lordship will excuse me. 

"I am, my Lord, with due Respect, your Lordships most 
Humble Servant 

"Charles Hoff, Junr." 

150 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

[Continued from Vol. VII, Page 314] 

"Dec. 7, 1805. — Brother Sammy having to attend Bethany 
Court, and there being a number of lands to be sold by the 
sheriff, I have concluded to accompany him. At 8 o'clock 
started, rode on through the most monstrous barren country 
possible to conceive; arrived at Mr. Purdie's at Blooming 
Grove at 6 P. M., a distance of 26 miles, and put up in a miser- 
able looking bit of a house ; poor accommodations. 

"8. — At sunrise proceeded on. Breakfasted at Willsonville. 
Arrived at Bethany, 22 miles from Blooming Grove, at 3 P. M. 
Positively this is the roughest and worst country I ever saw ; 
for 48 miles, the distance I came to this place, I would not pay 
the tax for the whole of the land if it was made a present to 
me, though in the upper part of Wayne County, in the beech 
woods, there is some excellent land. 

"9. — Court commenced. Samuel Sitgrave, John Ross, etc., 
arrived, but little done. 

"10. — This day bought, at sheriff's sale, six tracts of land, 
containing upwards of 3,000 acres. I think I have made a 
great bargain. 

"11. — Finished my business. At 3 P. M. Capt. John Kinny 
and myself started for home. Got as far as the falls of the 
Lackawaxen and stayed all night at Mr. Kimble's. 

"12. — After breakfast started on. Arrived at Milford at 3 
P. M. Dined at Mr. Barton's. Got home at 6 P. M. 

"21. — Having arranged my business in Minisink I believe I 
shall spend the winter in Newton and make my home at Doct. 
liendries at that place. 

"23. — Sent off to Newburg 7 loads of my wheat. This after- 
noon started for Newton ; rode as far as Capt. Hornback's and 
stayed all night. 

"24. — Rode to Newton. Had a trial with Peter Winter- 
moot. Wm. T. Anderson I employed as my attorney ; he em- 
ployed I. S. Halstead. 

"29. — I have been writing to New Brunswick and. after 
writing, fell wrapped up in contemplation. Notwithstanding 

A Young Man's Journal of 1800-1813 151 

I have made arrangements for going into business with Messrs. 
Van Deren at New Brunswick, I am almost led to believe that 
we had better go at once to Xew York and commence there. 
There is no doubt in my mind but that Xew York is the proper 
place for business ; it is certainly the London of America, and 
as such must and will take the lead of business to any other 
place in the United States. If John and Wm. Van Deren were 
to sell out at Xew Brunswick we could very shortly command a 
capital of fifteen thousand dollars; this sum, properly managed, 
would be a means of doing business respectably and in my opin- 
ion profitably. 

"Jan. 18, 1806. — I contemplate going in a few days to New 
York and Philadelphia. If I can possibly effect it, I shall per- 
haps take a stand in Xew York to commence business in the 
Spring, ere I return. 

"21. — This day Wm. T. Anderson and myself set off for 
New York in a one horse shay. Dined at Col. Drake's. Arrived 
at Morristown at 7 P. M; Put up at Mr. O'Hara's. 

"22. — Snows like the deuce. Started at 8 A. M. ; dined at 
Gifford's in Newark; arrived at Xew York at 4 P. M., and 
took lodgings at Mrs. Stuart's, Xo. 53 Dey street. 

"24. — This evening went to the theatre, saw the celebrated 
comedy of "Who wants a Guinea." The after-piece "Reapers"; 
Mrs. Jones is certainly an elegant actress. 

"25. — Started for Philadelphia. Crossed the river at the 
Hook. Left the Hook at 12 o'clock. Dined at Elizabethtown ; 
arrived at Mr. Van Deren's in Xew Brunswick at 6 P. M. I 
left Wm. T. Anderson, Esq., in New York to stay until I return 
from Phila. Snow has melted so fast to-day I expect to leave 
my sleigh in Xew Brunswick and go on to Phila. on horseback. 

"26. — Went to meeting. Heard the Rev. Isaac Condict 
preach an excellent sermon. 

"2~. — This day tried to rent a house in New Brunswick for 
a place of business and did not succeed. Offered Dr. Scott 
$3,000 for his house in Albany street. He would not take it, 

U 2S. — Started on for Philadelphia again. Arrived at Tren- 
ton at 1 P. M. Stayed all night at Davis & Herbert's. 

152 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

"29. — Started on; dined at Burlington. Arrived at Mr. 
David Henry's in Gloucester at 7 P. M. ; stayed all night. 

"30. — After breakfast started on; crossed the river at Phila- 
delphia and arrived in 3rd Street at 11 A. M. Finished what I 
had to do in town, very fortunately, and started on for New 
York again. Got as far as Bristol and stayed all night. 

"Feb. 1. — This day had a conversation with Messrs. John & 
Win. Van Deren about going to New York to commence busi- 
ness instead of this place. John has come into the measure. 

"3. — We have all three agreed to take a house in New York 
and commence together. I shall go to New York tomorrow to 
look out for a stand. Mr. Van Deren will come on. 

"4. — At 10 o'clock took passage in a New Brunswick sloop. 
Arrived at New York at 3 p. m. ; took my lodgings at Mrs. 
Stuart's, found Mr. Anderson there. 

"6. — Looked at a house in Broadway. Also one in William 
street. This evening Wm. Van Deren came in town to assist 
me in procuring a stand. Had a party at Mrs. Stuart's. Miss 
Bray was there. 

"7. — Still looking round for a store. This evening Wm. Van 
Deren and I went to the theatre. Saw a new comedy, entitled 
the "Wanderer" ; afterpiece, "Spoiled Child." 

"8. — Mr. Van Deren and I are employed as usual trying in 
Chatham street. Went to the Five Corners of Peck Slip and 
Pearl. Returned to Chatham street, where, by mere accident, 
we came across a stand for a store and family to live in of 
W. H. Pyke. Contracted with him immediately for $4,000 of 
the goods on hand at prime cost. The house at £300 a year for 
three years ; drew articles and signed them. Am to take pos- 
session in April, or May. This I think is the best situation that 
has offered since we came to town. It is in an excellent place 
for business; the house is well calculated for a family, the 
store is very good and the neighborhood is nearly exempt from 
the yellow fever. I think we have made an excellent bargain. 

"9. — Shall start for Newton tomorrow. This evening d rank- 
tea at Mrs. Christy's. Walked down to White Hall with Wm. 
Van Deren, bid him farewell and started for my lodgings ; 
called at Mr. Haggerty's. 

A Young Man's Journal of 1800-1S13 1 53 

"10.— After breakfast Win. T. Anderson, Esq., and I started 
for Newton. Crossed at the Hook. Dined at Newark; at 
Springfield got a chair; put my horse in. Arrived at Morris- 
town at 5 P. M.; stayed all night. 

"11. — Dined at Col. Drake's. Arrived at Newton at 5 P. M. 

"12. — At Doctor Hendries. Friends are pleased at my ar- 
rangements for going to New York. 

"23. — Jacob S. Thomson, Esq., and I walked up to my fath- 
er's in the forenoon. In the afternoon we rode up to Frankford. 
Spent the evening at Sq. Armstrong's and stayed all night also. 

"24. — After breakfast Mr. Thomson. Mr. Dickinson, and my- 
self rode to Newton. The afternoon I went to meeting and 
heard an excellent sermon delivered by an Indian from East 
end of Long Island by name of Paul. 

"28. — After breakfast Mr. Anderson and I concluded to take 
a trip to Minisink; we, therefore, immediately started; called 
at Mr. Sayre's and took Miss Susan along. Rode to Capt. Hag- 
gerty's and dined, after which Miss Hannah and Miss Nancy, 
likewise Patrick Haggerty, started on with us all on horseback. 
Called at Mr. Cregan's ; arrived at Mr. Hull's at dusk, and 
spent a very agreeable evening. 

"Mar. 1.— All day at Mr. Hull's. At night Messrs. Stoll, 
Hull, Anderson, Haggerty and myself had a complete Minisink 
te deum. 

"2. — After breakfast all set out for home. Arrived at Frank- 
ford at 5 P. M.; bid the ladies adieu and Mr. Anderson and I 
rode to Newton. 

"Apr. 2. — Spent this day in New Brunswick. In the evening 
John Vanderen returned. Wm. Van Deren and myself will 
start on for New York this morning. 

"3. — Let a person's prospects be ever so flattering, in going 
to a new State, or country to him, yet he cannot divest himself 
of the natural regret in leaving the place of one's nativity. I 
feel this regret. I have many dear relatives and friends in New 
Jersey that the leaving of them excites in me the most lively 
sensibility. However, from one's friends to part, and likewise 
to part never to meet again, is the inseparable lot and condition 
on which we have life; therefore it is our duty to submit with- 
out a murmur. 

154 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

At four o'clock this day I arrived in the city of New York, 
for the purpose of making it my place of residence. I took 
lodgings for a few days at Mrs. Stuart's in Dey street. Mr. 
Wm. Vanderen and myself having some time since purchased 
out W. H. Pyke's store of goods and stand No. m Chatham 
street, I this evening went in pursuit of Mr. Vanderen, who had 
left New Brunswick this morning in the stage for New York. 
I found him; we then walked up and informed Mr. Pyke, we 
had now come to fulfill our contract, and that we would like 
to commence taking account of the goods in the morning; this 
was agreed upon. 

"June 18.— This evening Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd, Mrs. V. D. 
Miss S. B., Mr. Jas. Christie and myself went to Vauxhall gar- 
dens and had an elegant display of grand fire works. 

"21. — James Chrystie and I rode out in a gig, called at Mr. 
Rodgers', and at Lomerindike's ; rode a considerable distance 
farther and came again to Lomerindikes." 
[To be Continued] 

%&& %&* %c& %0* 


William Tuttle Carter, of Newark, N. J., died on Jan. $o> 
1923, at his home, 1021 Broad street, after an illness of several 
months. He was born in Newark Sept. 28, 1849, being the son 
of Aaron Carter and Elizabeth Camp (Tuttle) Carter; the 
homestead is still standing at Broad and Green streets, being 
over 100 years old. He was graduated from Newark Academy 
and Phillips Academy at Andover, Mass. He then entered 
Princeton College, and was graduated in 1871, receiving in 
1874 a degree of A. M. In 1841 his father had established a 
jewelry manufacturing business in Newark, and, after Wil- 
liam T. Carter left college, he entered the business, later becom- 
ing a partner. Latterly the firm was Carter, Gough & Co., and 
was one of the oldest jewelry manufacturing concerns in this 
country. During his lifetime he was a director of the Pruden- 
tial Insurance Company, a director of the American Insurance 
Company, a member of the Board of Managers of the Howard 

Necrology of Members 1 55 

Savings Institution, a Trustee of Newark Academy — at one 
time Vice-President — a member of the Newark Museum Asso- 
ciation, a Governor of the Essex Club, a member of the Law- 
yers' Club of New York, the Pilgrims' Society of New York 
and of the Masonic fraternity. Mr. Carter was also active in 
civic and church affairs in Spring Lake, where he had a sum- 
mer home, and where he was a trustee of the Spring Lake Pres- 
byterian Church and a member of the fire department. He was 
a large contributor to various phases of charitable work, the 
gifts being made without ostentation and in a great majority 
of cases without the name of the donor being made public. As 
a member of the Committee of One Hundred he aided in the 
arrangements for the celebration of Newark's 250th anniver- 
sary, and when it was planned to erect a memorial to the men 
who died overseas he was made a member of the Memorial 
Committee by Mayor Raymond, succeeding Forrest F. Dryden, 
resigned. Mr. Carter, on June 2, 1S75, married Miss Sophie A. 
Condict, daughter of the late Stephen A. Condict. Mrs. Carter 
was born in a house which stood 0:1 the site of the Public Ser- 
vice Terminal. Besides his wife, Mr. Carter is survived by 
three sons, William T. Carter, Jr., J. Nelson Carter and Ken- 
neth C. Carter; a daughter. Miss Elizabeth C. Carter; his moth- 
er, Mrs. Aaron Carter, who resides in New York, and three 
brothers, the Rev. J. Franklin Carter. Ernest T. Carter and Dr. 
Herbert S. Carter. He became a member of the New Jersey 
Historical Society May 15, 1890, a Life Member Oct., 1897, 
and a Patron Sept. 5, 1902. 

Augustus S. Crane, long publisher of the ''Elizabeth 
Daily Journal," died in Overlook Hospital, Summit, N. J., on 
Jan. 9, 1923, after an illness for some time and an operation. 
He was born in 1858, being the son of the late William W. and 
Charity B. Crane, and a direct descendant of Stephen Crane, 
one of the early settlers of Elizabeth. He spent some time in 
Pingry School, but left before he completed the course to enter 
a printing office, where he learned the rudiments of the busi- 
ness. Then he acquired a printing outht and, as a youth, start- 
ed a small publication. In 1875 he went to the "Journal" as an 

156 Proceedings Neiv Jersey Historical Society 

office boy and won such rapid advancement that some years 
later, upon the death of Frederick W. Foote, he became busi- 
ness manager. In 1903 he became the publisher and at the 
time of his death he was the President of the Elizabeth Daily 
Journal Company and manager of the concern in which he was 
the principal stockholder. Mr. Crane held membership in the 
Chamber of Commerce, the Board of Managers of the Eliza- 
beth Orphan Asylum, Washington Lodge of Masons, holding 
a thirty-second degree ; Elizabeth Lodge of Elks, Elizabeth Club 
and Suburban Club; one of the founders of Court George of 
Foresters, a former President of the Rotary Club, Vice Presi- 
dent of the Union County Savings Bank and manager of the 
Citizens' Building and Loan Association for twenty-five years. 
He was one of the organizers of Elizabeth Chapter Xo. 1, Sons 
of the American Revolution. He also held memberships in the 
American Newspaper Association, the Board of Managers and 
was former President of the New Jersey Press Association, the 
Press Conference of the World and of the National Editorial 
Association. He was formerly a member of the Board of Man- 
agers of the State Home for Boys at Jamesburg by appoint- 
ment of Governor Fielder. While awaiting the completion of a 
new home in Salem avenue, in Elizabeth, Mr. Crane had been 
residing at a hotel in Summit. He was a ruling elder in the 
First Presbyterian Church in Elizabeth. As a newspaper pub- 
lisher his ideals were of the highest, and he was noted for up- 
right character, sound judgment and progressive conservatism. 
Surviving him are the widow, Mrs. Minerva Carlisle Leah 
Crane; a daughter, Mrs. Helen C. Weber, who lives in Sum- 
mit ; a son, Frederick L. Crane, who is connected with the 
"Journal," and two sisters, Miss Sarah A. and Miss Helen M. 
Crane of Summit. He became a member of the New Jersey 
Historical Society Jan. 5, 1914. 

Dr. William S. Disbrow. who resided at 151 Orchard 
street, Newark, N. J., died at the home of his son. Dr. G. Ward 
Disbrow, in Summit, on Dec. 26, 1922. He was born in New- 
ark March 18. 1861, his parents being Henry G. Disbrow and 
Catherine Cline (Clickener) Disbrow. After attending the city's 

Necrology of Members 157 

public schools he took employment with the Edison & Mundy 
Electric Co., and later of the Celluloid Manufacturing Co.; 
then became a drug clerk, and in 1878 passed the State Pharm- 
aceutical examination. In 1880 he was graduated from the 
New York College of Pharmacy. While conducting a drug 
business he studied medicine with the late Dr. J. D. Osborne; 
then took a three years' course in the Medical Department of 
the New York University, graduating as an M. D. in 1SS7. For 
one year he was employed as a chemist for the Zyonlite Co. of 
North Adams, Mass., when he returned to New York and be- 
gan the practice of his profession, which was continued 34 
years until his death. While yet a medical student he served as 
a hospital steward of the First Regiment of the National Guard 
of New Jersey, of which he was later given the rank of Cap- 
tain. In 1889 he was appointed Assistant House Physician at 
St. Barnabas' Hospital, and, after years of service, was made 
an Emeritus. For a long period he was on the Newark Health 
Board, and succeeded Dr. H. C. H. Herald as President of that 
body. During his term as President he established tuberculosis 
clinics for colored people and nurses. For over 30 years he 
was Professor of Pharmacognosy and Vegetable Histology at 
the New Jersey College of Pharmacy. He was a member of 
the American Medical Association, the American Pharmaceuti- 
cal Association, the New Jersey State Medical Society and a 
variety of similar institutions, and of various Lodges, including 
the F. & A. M. 

Dr. Disbrow was also a great collector of scientific and art 
objects, and the "Disbrow Science Collection" occupies a prom- 
inent place in the Newark Museum collection. A greater part 
of the articles in the Museum of the Academy of Medicine at 
91 Lincoln Park was donated by him, he being Executive Li- 
brarian of the Academy. At his funeral at the South Presby- 
terian Church before an immense concourse of former patients 
and friends the pastor of the church, Dr. George C. Vincent, 
said he was "one of the finest, most useful and most individual 
characters in our city's life; ... a veritable dynamo of 
energy which he infused into all sorts of undertakings for the 
public good." Besides his wife, who was Miss Clara E. Van- 

158 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

tine of Newark, whom he married in 1888, he is survived by 
two sons, Dr. G. Ward and Eric V. Disbrow. Dr. Disbrow be- 
came a Life member of the New Jersey Historical Society Jan. 
28, 1896, and for many years was one of the Board of Trus- 
tees of the Society. (For resolutions of the Board of Trustees 
concerning Dr. Disbrow, see under "Historical Notes and Com- 
ments," post). 

James P. Dusenberry died at his home, 772 High street, 
Newark, N. J., on Dec. 24, 1922, aged yS years. His parents 
were Peter Dusenberry and Mary (Wheeler) Dusenberry. The 
father came to Newark from Orange county, N. Y. ; the mother 
was a daughter of Joseph Lyon Wheeler, son of Capt. James 
Wheeler, who served in the Revolution. Mr. Dusenberry was 
educated in the public schools of Newark and was, first, a clerk 
in a shoe store at a wage of $1 a week ; then became a bookkeep- 
er for a harness manufacturer. When the Civil War broke 
out he became attached to the Quartermaster's Department, 
Army of the Potomac, and at the time of Lee's surrender was 
in Vermont, aiding to arm the militia of that State. Subse- 
quently he started an envelope manufacturing business in New- 
ark; then became secretary of the Board of Assessments and 
Revision of Taxes in that city. In 1870 he became secretary of 
the Newark Gaslight Co., and later treasurer. For 44 years he 
was connected with that Company and its successor, the Public 
Service, retiring in 1914. Besides being a director and former 
treasurer of the Public Service Corporation, he was a director 
of the National Newark and Essex Banking Co. and of the 
Firemen's Insurance Co. As a layman of the First Presbyter- 
ian church it was said at his funeral that he was "the foremost 
Christian layman in Newark." In September, 1922, he had 
celebrated his 50th anniversary as organizer of the Adult Bible 
Class of that church. For 23 years he was Superintendent of 
the Sunday School, and as member of the Church Extension 
Committee he was in.strumental in aiding one-half of the 44 
churches in the Newark Presbytery. He is survived by his 
wife, who was Miss Frances Titsworth, daughter of the late 

Necrology of Members 159 

Judge Caleb Titsworth of Newark. He became a Life Mem- 
ber of the New Jersey Historical Society in 1890. 

Mrs. Eliza Lenox Maitland Dwight died in Princeton. 
N. J., on November 27, 1922. She was born in New York 
City in 1848 and spent her childhood in West Fourteenth street 
when it was in the heart of the residential section. Her father 
was Robert Lenox Maitland, long prominent in the social and 
business life of the city and one of the incorporators of the 
Down Town Association. Mrs. Dwight took part in many re- 
ligious and educational activities. For many years she resided 
in Morristown, N. J., where she was Vice-President of the 
Neighborhood House, and, wiih her husband, the Rev. Frank- 
lin Butler Dwight, was active in local charities. They had re- 
cently removed to Princeton, where her husband went to take 
charge of Bible School work in the Theological Seminary. Be- 
sides her husband she is survived by a son, Maitland Dwight. 
of 123 East Seventy-eight Street, N. Y. City. Mrs. Dwight 
became a Life member of the New Jersey Historical Society 
in 1905. 

John Palmer Hutchinson, of "Cloverdale," near Burling- 
ton, N. J., died on his country estate May 10, 1922, after a few 
days illness. He was born at Bordentown March 29, 1849; 
received his early education at Lawrenceville School and at- 
tended college at Princeton, where he graduated in 1868. He 
later studied law in the office of his father, the late Mahlon 
Hutchinson, was admitted to the Bar of New Jersey in 1S72 
and at the time of his decease was the senior member of the 
Bar of Burlington Co. Mr. Hutchinson had many and varied 
interests, and at the time of his death was President of the 
Bordentown Banking Company, and a director of the Burling- 
ton City Loan and Trust Co., and the Camden and Burlington 
County Railroad Co. He was also very much interested in agri- 
culture and horticulture. He was a Republican in politics and 
deeply interested in the welfare of the nation, the State, his 
home county, and in his community in everything that was 
worth while, including historical subjects. For many years he 

160 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

was a director of the American Jersey Cattle Club, and for a 
number of years its Treasurer. He was a member of the Union 
League Club of Philadelphia, the Philadelphia Club, the Prince- 
ton Club of Philadelphia, and Pennsylvania Historical Society. 
Mr. Hutchinson was married twice; his first wife, whom he 
married Dec. 13, 1872, was Annie Harrison, daughter of Isaac 
and Sarah Harrison, who died July 2, 1884. His second wife 
was Alice Newbold, daughter of Michael E. and Rebecca New- 
bold. He is survived by his wife, Alice N. Hutchinson; one 
daughter, Mrs. George H. Cook, and four sons, John H. Hutch- 
inson, who was associated with him in the practice of the 
law at Burlington, Isaac H. Hutchinson, Mahlon Hutchinson, 
and Newbold Hutchinson. The two first mentioned sons were 
also Princeton graduates. Mr. Hutchinson enjoyed the respect 
and confidence of all who knew him. He became a member of 
the New Jersey Historical Society on May 20, 1875. 

Edward Kanouse died at his home, 32 Liberty street, New 
ton, N. J., on Nov. 19, 1922, after a long illness. He was born 
near Newfoundland, N. J., on Aug. 13, 1839, his parents being 
farmers. When young he removed to Wisconsin and tried 
farming there, but soon returned East and entered the employ 
of the National State Bank of Newark, and in two years, 1S62, 
became teller. In 1875 ne began his service with the Merch- 
ants' National Bank, which continued until it was merged into 
the. Merchants' and Manufacturers' National Bank. He con- 
tinued with the latter institution up to the time of his death. He 
started with the Merchants' as its cashier and in 1881 was elect- 
ed President. He continued as head of the bank until 1902, when 
he was elected Treasurer of the Prudential Insurance Company 
of Newark. Although he had been the close banking associate 
of Mr. Dryden for many years, Mr. Kanouse did not begin his 
official connection with the Prudential until January 16, 1889. 
when he was elected a director. He served as Treasurer until 
February 13, 19 18, when he was elected a Vice-President of 
the Company. He had been a member of the Prudential's Ex- 
ecutive Committee from 1890 to 1893, a niember of the com- 
mittee on policy claims from 1895 to 1912 and a member of its 

Necrology of Members 161 

finance committee from 1894 until his death. As a member of 
the latter committee he was one of the bankers to whom the 
company looked for the handling of its investments and his 
advice was always sought on all financial matters of the cor- 
poration. For some years he had been the oldest ranking di- 
rector in point of service with the Prudential. At the time of 
his death he was also a director of the Merchants' and Manu- 
facturers' National Bank, the Firemen's Insurance Company 
and the Newton Trust Company. He was also a member of 
the Washington Association of New Jersey. 

The family originally was of German origin, the surname 
being "Knauss." The early American ancestor came to New 
Jersey about 1750. 

Mr. Kanouse is survived by his widow, Mrs. Emma Ka- 
nouse, and three daughters, the Misses Laura, Sarah and Mary 
Kanouse. He became a member of the New Jersey Historical 
Society in 1888, and a Patron in 1904. 

William Roome, of Butler, Morris Co., N. J., died Decem- 
ber 20, 1922. He was the son of Benjamin Roome and Ann 
(Berry) Roome, and was born at Bloomingdale, Passaic county, 
N. J., May 1, 1834. His father, Benjamin, born Jan. 20, 1799, 
died April 14, 1894, at the age of 97, while William, at his death, 
was in his 89th year. Benjamin was long a surveyor, but Wil- 
liam, at first, tried other employments. He became clerk in a 
store in Paterson ; then was engaged in the lumber business in 
Newark. In 1863 he went to Minnesota, where, in April, 1865, 
he was married to Miss Josephine Burton. He returned to the 
East in 1S72 and engaged in surveying with his father, who be- 
gan surveying in 181 6, and was appointed Deputy Surveyor for 
the East Jersey Proprietors, May 16, 1847. Benjamin and 
son were engaged, counting them as a family, in surveying for 
100 years, as the son retired from business in 1916. Mr. 
Roome's wife died in 1908. 

Mr. Roome was considered the best authority on early sur- 
veys in the northern part of this State. In 1883 he was author 
of a pamphlet, "The Early Days and Early Surveys of East 
New Jersey," 56 pages, which gave much interesting matter 

162 Proceedings Neiv Jersey Historical Society 

on that subject. He then resided at "Pequanic" (Pequannock), 
in Morris county. He and his father surveyed lands in north- 
ern New Jersey, for Abraham S. Hewitt, the Cooper & Hewitt 
firm, Jacob S. Rogers, Francis Lynde Stetson, the Rutherfords 
and other large landowners; also made surveys for the East 
Tersey Water Co. Surviving him are one son, Allison Burton 
Roome, and one daughter, Mrs. Ella Roome Lamscha, wife of 
Richard H. Lamscha, of Butler, who is also a surveyor. Mr. 
Roome became a Life member of the New Jersey Historical 
Society in 1880. 

Jeremiah Evarts Tracy died at the home of a daughter, 
Miss Emily B. Tracy, in Ballardville, Mass., on February 11, 
1923. He was the son of Ebenezer Carter Tracy and Mar- 
tha Sherman (Evarts) Tracy, she being the granddaughter of 
Roger Sherman, signer of the Declaration of Independence. 
He was born in Windsor, Vermont, January 31, 1835, and was 
the sixth in descent from Stephen Tracy, who came from Eng- 
land to Plymouth, Mass., in 1623. The father, Ebenezer C, 
was editor and publisher of the "Vermont Chronicle" for over 
thirty years. Jeremiah E., being a nephew of the noted New 
York lawyer, William M. Evarts, studied law with him and 
also at New Haven, Conn. In 1856 he was admitted to the 
Bar of New York, and in June, 1859, was admitted into part- 
nership with William M. Evarts, the firm name afterward 
changing several times, it being long Evarts, Choate & Beaman, 
and, lastly, Evarts, Tracy & Sherman. He resided in New 
York until 1874, when he removed to Plainfield, and there 
took an active interest in city affairs. He was member and 
President of the Common Council, a director in the Public Li- 
brary, one of the Board of Governors of Muhlenberg Hospital, 
etc., etc. He married, September 30, 1863, Miss Martha Sher- 
man Greene, daughter of Rev. David and Mary (Evarts) 
Greene, of Westboro, Mass., and Windsor, Vermont Mr. 
Tracy became somewhat impaired in health in 1907, and then 
left Plainfield, residing for a time in New York, later with a 
daughter in Muncie, Indiana, and, about four years ago, retired 
to Ballardville, Mass. He left surviving five daughters, and 

Historical Notes and Comments 163 

one son, Howard C. Tracy, who is a New York lawyer but 
who resides in Plainfield. Another son, Evarts Tracy, who was 
an architect of New York City, died in France Jan. 31, 1922. 
Mr. Tracy became a Life member of the New Jersey Historical 
Society Oct. 27, 1897. 

J* >2* k3» *?• 


The Genealogical-Index in this Number 

We must postpone the publication of various articles and 
notes intended for this number because of the "Genealogical- 
Index," which takes up about half our accustomed space. This 
Index, however, will serve an admirable purpose in not only 
saving time for searchers into family genealogy, acquainting 
them in advance of a visit to our Library what may be found 
there, but also advising the many who come to the Library — 
several hundred a month — of works, and especially pamphlets 
and manuscripts, which are otherwise likely to be overlooked. 
A separate pamphlet of the pages devoted to this Index has 
already been issued and is on sale at 25 cents. 

Astray as to General Pike's Birthplace 

Various histories of New Jersey and of noted men born in 
this State have stated that Gen. Zebulon Montgomery Pike, 
best known as the discoverer of Pike's Peak in 1806. but other- 
wise of military fame, was bom at "Lamberton, New Jersey," 
and, very naturally, stated that this place was a part of what is 
now Trenton, "Lamberton" having been the name of the 
southern portion of that city. However, there appeared in the 
October number of the "Somerset County Historical Quarterly" 
for 1919, an article by William J. Backes, a lawyer of Trenton, 
proving that "Lamberton" was a corrupt form much used in 
speech and print during Revolutionary days for Lamington, 
in Somerset county, a name derived from the Indian "Allama- 
tunk," and that it was there, and not in Trenton, where this em- 
inent man was born. That conclusive article should be read 
by those members of the D. A. R. who have recently been ac- 

164 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

tive in proposing that a tablet be placed in the city of Trenton to 
honor "the birthplace of General Pike." In an early issue we 
shall publish herein an article by Mr. Backes, showing his 
further researches on this interesting subject. 

A Museum Building for Newark 

Just before sailing on one of the cruises to the East, Mr. 
Louis Bamberger, well-known Newark merchant and a member 
of the Board of Trustees of the New Jersey Historical Society, 
made a gift of $500,000 for the erection of a building for the 
Newark Museum. It was a magnificent gift, and we have no 
doubt that other citizens of the city will see to it that such a 
building, when erected, is properly furnished and its necessary 
officials taken care of by appropriate salaries. The '"Sunday 
Call" of this city well says: "Newark has had other million- 
aires, but none has dispensed his wealth on so large a scale 
during his lifetime. Men who have known Mr. Bamberger 
intimately are surprised by his superb beneficence. For years 
he has been giving away his money for philanthropic societies 
and for civic betterment, and not only his money but his time 
and personal efforts. In this respect, as well as in the build- 
ing up here of a mammoth mercantile house, he has been a 
most valuable citizen, and not alone for his achievements, but 
because of his potent example for other men." 

Mr. Bamberger has frequently made valuable gifts to the 
New Jersey Historical Society. One of his latest is a file of 
the "New Jersey Gazette," published by Isaac Collins, running 
from December 27, 1780, to July 16, 17S3, and covering the 
closing years of the American Revolution, filling a gap in the 
files of that particular periodical already possessed by the So- 
ciety. At the date last named the "Gazette" suspended publica- 
tion for a time, during which interim the only paper published 
in the State was the "New Jersey Journal." published by Shep- 
herd Kollock at Elizabeth. The Society is fortunate in possess- 
ing the "Journal" for that period, also through a gift of Mr. 
Bamberger, and it is believed that some of these issues of the 
"Journal" are the only ones in existence. 

Historical Notes and Comments 165 

The Origin of Gloucester County 

Doctor Godfrey, Director of the Public Record office of this 
State has published in pamphlet form his address, delivered 
Nov. 21, 1922, before the Camden County Historical Society, 
on "The True Origin of Old Gloucester County, X. J." It gives 
quotations from the actual original documents relating thereto, 
and was well worth placing in print. 

A Washington Irving Historic Vase 

That generous-hearted donor of historical records, Dr. J. 
Ackerman Coles, of Scotch Plains and Xew York City, in De- 
cember last presented to the newly-formed Madison Historical 
Society a vase of golden porcelain, which is said to have been 
presented by the French republic to Washington Irving during 
his stay in Paris. Set on an onyx pedestal and appraised at 
$5,000, the vase bears a painting on its side of the Marquis de 
Lafayette welcoming Irving to a palace. The vase bears the 
inscription, ''Chauteau de Tulleries." The painting is by M. 

An Old Township Record Recovered 

The Hunterdon County Historical Society has procured a 
gift, made by Prof. Charles A. Philhower, of YYestfield, 
through Mr. Hiram E. Deats, of Flemington, to that Society, 
of the original minute book of Tewksbury township, that coun- 
ty. It begins with March 8, 1755, the Patent for the township 
having been granted by Governor Belcher just previously. The 
minutes in it are continued, although not always continuously, 
until April 13, 1846, a period of 91 years. It also contains 
bonds of officials, cattle marks, records of estrays, etc. In the 
report for 192 1 of the Director of Public Records for this State, 
it is stated that out of 234 townships there are only — report- 
ing complete records. 

Resolutions Concerning Dr. Disbrow 

The Board of Trustees of the Xew Jersey Historical Society, 
at its February meeting, adopted the following tribute to one of 
its deceased members (for further notice of whom, see page 
156) : 

166 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

"The Board of Trustees of the New Jersey Historical So- 
ciety, at a meeting held January the eighth, 1923, learned with 
deep sorrow and regret of the sudden decease of one of its fel- 
low members, William S. Disbrow, M. D., who, for main- 
years, as a member and an officer of the Society, had faithfully 
and efficiently labored for its welfare. It was recognized that 
his removal from among the active and enthusiastic supporters 
of the Society meant a vacancy not easily to be filled, and a 
peculiar loss, because of his acknowledged unusual qualifica- 
tions as a local historian, collector of material and archaeologist. 
The shelves and cases of the Library and Museum of the So- 
ciety bear mute but eloquent witness of the intelligent interest 
he brought to its support, and, through their contribution to 
lore and learning he, through the indefinite future, will yet 
speak. His services as Curator of this Society are incalculable 
and not soon will be forgotten. There never was an old fam- 
ily breaking up, an old house being abandoned, an old cemetery 
being removed, or a large excavation being made, but that he, 
aware of these events, endeavored to find through them some 
papers, relics, inscriptions, minerals or specimens which might 
be placed in some appropriate collection. It was recognized, 
moreover, that in many spheres of life and work, professional, 
social, civic and religious, he shone as a man of ability and 
goodness ; that his death stood for a common grief ; and that 
his genial address and uniform kindness, which made his skill 
as a physician and his contributions as a scholarly citizen un- 
usually acceptable, will be long missed by his many friends 
and acquaintances. With this weight of splendid character 
and achievement in mind, the Board of Trustees not only de- 
sires to honor by resolution its late colleague, but to express to 
his bereaved family its heartfelt sympathy in their deeper and 
more personal sorrow. " 

The Friends' Early Work Among the Indians 

A pamphlet which has recently been bought at auction by the 
New Jersey Historical Society shows how far ahead of their 
times were the Friends, called Quakers, of New Jersey and 
Pennsylvania, in missionary methods. Before the opening of 
the nineteenth century they were trying to do among the In- 
dians educational work in mechanics, agriculture and milling 
lines of service which most of the other denominations began to 
adopt in mission work only during the last half century. The 
pamphlet is a report of a committee of Friends which went 

Queries and Miscellany 167 

out "to promote the civilization and well-being of the Indian 
natives." The committee was appointed in 1795, an< ^ tne >' re ~ 
ported in 1805, after ten years of work. They went to the 
various Indian towns and placed among the native blacksmiths, 
millers and farmers, who instructed them in those branches of 
industry. They gave the Indians without cost all kinds of 
implements, as hoes, axes, scythes, plows and cooper's tools. 
The reports regarding the progress in the various Indian towns 
show the successes and the failures of the movement, and the 
patience of the Friends, who dealt with a race of people more 
accustomed to war and hunting than to industry and agricul- 


Jenings. — "In the April, 1922, Proceedings (p. 160), the 
late Henry Haines styled Samuel 'Jennings' Deputy-Governor 
of New Jersey. His name was Jenings and he was elected 
Governor and signed his oath so as Governor. (See 'Learn- 
ing & Spicer,' p. 472). In the 'Legislative Manual' of this 
State he is still entered as 'Deputy Governor' and his name is 
spelled 'Jennings,' although I thought I had fully threshed that 
matter out with the late Mr. Fitzgerald. He was one of my 
ancestors and I have reason to know the facts." 


[The foregoing is from a correspondent who does not care 
to give his name for publication, but he is correct. He did 
sign his name as Governor "Samuel Jenings," and, while he 
was first appointed Deputy Governor, and as early as 16S1 
was acting as Governor (so signing laws, as per Learning & 
Spicer, pp. 440, 441, etc.). He was elected Governor May II, 
1683 (Ibid, p. 472), and so the "Legislative Manual" should 
state. In reference to the spelling of the surname, it was fre- 
quently spelled in his day by others, "Jennings." (See, for 
example, "New Jersey Archives," Vol. 1, p. 421). And he. him- 
self, seems to have been indifferent in the matter later (see 
Ibid, p. 523, and elsewhere). However, the one n has, we be- 
lieve, been proven the correct form. In that early day family 

1 68 Proceedings Nciv Jersey Historical Society 

names were often spelled in various forms, as all our readers 
probably well understand. — Editor]. 

Anneka Jans. — "Somewhere about the sixties, that is, only 
60 years ago, a great deal of data was collected by a Commit- 
tee of Heirs, whose headquarters was in Newark, as to the 
descendants of this rather famous early New York owner of 
Trinity church, etc., real estate. As late as about twenty years 
ago all this material was in the hands of some Newark lawyers. 
As many old family Bibles, deeds and other papers were turned 
over to the Committee and never returned to their owners, they 
must contain at least valuable genealogical data. Is it not possi- 
ble to locate this data?" Correspondent. 

Thatcher-Opdyke. — "I am desirous of tracing the geneal- 
ogy of Grace Thatcher, who m. Richard Opdycke about 1766. 
(See 'Op. Dyck Gen.,' p. 265). Richard was of Hunterdon 
Co., N. J. Her line is not to be found in the 'Thatcher Geneal- 
ogy,' recently published." H. C. O. (Waterbury, Conn.) 

Herriott. — David Herriot came over from Scotland to 
Perth Amboy with Lord Neil Campbell in 1685 and various 
descendants bearing the name Herriot and Harriot are living, 
as well as others descended in a female line. If any such de- 
scendants read this item, we suggest they communicate with 
Prof. F. I. Herriot of Drake University, Des Moines, Iowa, 
who is investigating the clan. 

Huff. — The Charles Hoff, Jr., writer of the letters concern- 
ing the Hibernia Iron Furnace, as printed in this and the pre- 
ceding number of the Proceedings, is known to have been the 
son of Charles Hoff of Kingwood township, Hunterdon county, 
who d. in 1798. He is believed to have been the son of a 
Charles Hoff, who lived at Hopewell, N. J., and who d. in 1764, 
as he had a son, Charles. Verification of this relationship is de- 
sired ; also the surname of Mary, wife of the Charles of King- 
wood twsp. Particulars above are desired by Mrs. Henry C. 
Ward, 330 Clinton Ave., Newark, N. J. 


,SQ Per Annum 
w Series 

JULY, 1923 

Single Number, 65 cents 

Vol. VIII, No. 3 


11° - A 


New Jersey 

A Quarterly Magazine 

Chiefly Devoted to 
New Jersey History, Biography and Genealogy 


i ii i in 1 1 ii in r i i awwiiiiiiBWiiiHMiw^Mi i 1 1 ■nmwuiii mi m miwifl jls BAcord clona matter Aiiimni IX 1S17 at t in »«>qf ntiira m.t Ma him mlUm 

Proceedings of the New Jersey Historic; 


jfoun&eD in tbe Dear IS45 

Publication Committee: 

A. VAN DOREN HONEYMAN, Chairman and Editor. 





Frontispiece: The Old Governor Belcher Mansion in Elizabeth; 
Fireplace, Mantel, Etc., of the Library. 

Old Houses of Elizarethtown — The Governor Belches Man- 
sion. By Warren L. Dix ------- 169 

Some New Jersey Side-Lights on Revolutionary Days. By 

Rev. Charles B. Billiard - - - - - - - 185 

James Parker, the Printer, of Woodbridge. By William H. 

Benedict - - 194 

The Minisink Indian Trail. By Prof. Charles F. PhilUoiver - 199 
The Passing of An Old Homestead. By Walter J. Kidd - 205 

A Forgotten Elizabeth town Newspaper, the "Essex Patriot." 

By Elmer T. Hutchinson - - ' - - - - -210 

A Young Man's Journal of 1800-1813. (Continued) - - 219 

Annual Meeting of the Woman's Branch - - - - 226 

Necrology of Members - - - -- - - - 228 

Airs. Emma L. D. Ailing — George W. Campbell — Stephen Far- 
relly— Alster Greene— George J. Gould — Henry P. Jones — 
Stephen II. Plum — Miss Clara Vezin — Alexander S. Ward 
— George Wurts. 
Historical Notes and Comments ------ 235 

New York City's Tercentennial — A Fine Memorial to Dr. 
Scott— The James Parker Article — Another Volume of 
"New Jersey Archives" — Still Active in His 96th Year — 
Last Living Revolutionary Soldier's Son — The Old Loril- 
lard Mansion Destroyed — By-Centennial of Printing in 
New Jersey — The Revolutionary Camp Ground at Plain- 
field— Oldest Postmaster in the United States — Death of a 
Real Genealogist — Madison Historical Society's Banquet — 
Curious Early Freeholder Minute — Revolutionary Letter 
Concerning Forage. 
Queries and Miscellany -------- 246 

LI il Iyer — Drake — Van Dcren — Terhune — Edgar — Stewart. 

The Proceedings is issued Quarterly, about the first of January, 
April, July and October. Terms included in Membership Dues; to 
others, $2.50 a year in advance; single numbers, 65 cents. Address: 

JX MUZAIli; J il 

(Sec PftKC lO'J). 

! I 

7 i ■ 



I )!• 'II I |. i i \\u \u\ 


of the 

New Jersey Historical Society 

VOL. VIII. S^r!" ~No7^3 



At the time of the ''Old Home Week" celebration in Eliza- 
beth, in October, 1907, a committee to mark historic sites, of 
which I was chairman, found that there were then about forty 
buildings in or near the city erected before the Revolutionary 
War. Some of them have since disappeared, but the most no- 
table ones remain. A brief account of many of them appears in 
"Historic Elizabeth," published in 1914. Interesting stones 
relating to four of these old houses — Liberty Hall, Boxwood 
Hall, the Belcher Mansion and Hampton Court — will be found 
in "Historic Houses of New Jersey," by W. J. Mills, published 
by J. B. Lippincott & Co. in 1902. 

My assignment is to tell the story of the house best known 
to me — the "Belcher Mansion," as it has been called — which 
has been my home for more than a score of years. It stands 
on the south side of old Jersey, now East Jersey street, between 
Catherine and Morrell streets. The first instruments on record 
relating to this property, as appears from an abstract in my 
possession, are two mortgages given by Aaron Ogden, one in 
1810 and the other in 1818. In the first it is described as con- 
taining five acres, two rods, fourteen and one-half perches; 
in the other there is a recital that the property is that which 
was "purchased of the Rev. David Austin, who bought of one 
William Peartree Smith, who bought of John Ogden." In a 

*Paper read before the Union County Historical Society, Feb. 15, 

170 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

note at the end of the abstract it is stated that, "from an old 
parchment just discovered, it appears that Col. Aaron Ogden 
bought the above five-acre tract of Dr. Austin by deed dated 
April 29, 1797." This abstract bears date October 17, 1865, 
and was made by the late William F. Day. 

In Hatfield's "History of Elizabeth" (page 66), it appears 
that John Ogden, Jr., took oath of allegiance February, 1665-6, 
and that his house-lot contained four acres, and was 12 by 4 
chains in length and breadth, bounded S. E. by John Woodruff 
and Leonard Headley, N. E. by a highway, N.W. by Mrs. 
Hopkins, Sen'r, and S.W. by the creek and a highway between 
him and Mrs. Hopkins. This description presents some diffi- 
culties, but was identified by most competent authority, the late 
Ernest L. Meyer, City Surveyor, as appears by a manuscript 
map which belonged to him, a copy of which I have, as the land 
extending from near the easterly line of Morrell street to a little 
beyond the easterly line of Catherine street, and from East Jer- 
sey street to the creek, on the northerly portion of which land 
this house stands. Elizabeth avenue, formerly the King's 
Highway, passed through the southerly portion of the tract, and 
Catherine street, named after the late Mrs. Wetmore, a daugh- 
ter of William Chetwood, was laid out through the property 
many years later. The highway on the northeast is plainly 
Jersey street, but the highway between Ogden and Mrs. Hop- 
kins is not so easily identified, but may be indicated by the old 
lane running down from Elizabeth avenue to the Creek at the 
foot of Morrell street, which street was laid out by M. M. Wil- 
liams in comparatively recent times. 

Mr. Meyer's map states that Benjamin Ogden, by will dated 
1722, gave the tract to his sons John and Benjamin as the land 
"where son John now dwells." This seems to be consistent 
with the abstract from which I have quoted, which states that 
William Peartree Smith bought of John Ogden. On Meyer's 
published map of Elizabeth, at the time of the Revolutionary 
War, the land is marked as owned by William Peartree Smith, 
with the dates 1766- 1748. By refrence to the original map the 
latter date proves to be a misprint for 1784. Adjoining it on 
the east running along Jersey street to Spring street, is another 

Old Houses of EHzabethtoum 171 

piece shown on the map which, with the four acres of the 
John Ogden, Jr.'s, house-lot as far south as Elizabeth avenue, 
makes up the five-acre tract owned by Aaron Ogden. On the 
original map the five-acre tract is marked, "formerly residence 
of Gov. Belcher." 

If the foregoing is correct the property remained in the fam- 
ily of John Ogden, Jr., until purchased by William Peartree 
Smith, which would seem to have been, by Meyer's map, at 
least as early as 1766. According to a statement by Rev. Wil- 
liam Hall in the Elizabeth ''Journal" of September 13, 1873, 
Smith moved here from New York in 1758 and bought the 
Governor Belcher house. In 1787 it was advertised for sale in 
the "Journal" by Dr. W. P. Smith of New York. 

In 1 75 1 Governor Belcher came here to live and the house 
was enlarged for his occupancy. The heavy iron plate — a 
colonial fireback which I found in the fireplace in 1S99 wnen 
tearing down the easterly wing — bears the date "1742," two 
fleur-de-lis and the initials "E. V." at the upper corners. What 
the initials mean I do not know, but it has been suggested that 
they are the initials of the foundryman by whom the plate was 
cast. This plate seems to show that the house was built at least 
as early as 1742 and the reference, in the will of Benjamin 
Ogden, to his son dwelling on the premises in 1722, would indi- 
cate that it was here then, so that it was doubtless built by the 
Ogdens more than two centuries ago. 

Governor Belcher was a friend of "Port Royal" Smith, 
father of William Peartree Smith and a correspondent of the 
latter, who is said to have come here from New York, after the 
death of the Governor, out of love for the memory of his 
father's friend; at least such is the statement on pages 121- 
122 of "Historic Houses of New Jersey." 

It was when Governor Belcher came here that the house itself 
is first clearly mentioned. In his correspondence, which has 
been preserved and some of it published, are two letters of this 
period relating to the house. They are addressed to Mr. Wood- 
ruff, doubtless Samuel Woodruff, mayor of the borough, the 
owner and probably builder of the Boudinot house across the 
street, now the Home for Aged Women. They are as follows : 

172 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

"Sir: This comes by my wife and daughter to view your 
town and particularly the spot which you propose for my habi- 
tation, and to get the best information and advice they can as to 
the healthiness or otherwise of Eliz-town. 

"With kind respects to all my frds. yr. way I am 
"Sr., Yr Assured Frd 
"March 19, 1750/1 J. Belcher." 

"Mr. Woodruff." 

"Sir: My wife upon her return from Eliz-town gives me a 
grateful acc'ot of the kind entertainment she found at Mr. 
Woodruff's and for wch. I thank you. 

"She says she likes the situation of the house and that you 
are willing to make it as commodious as I may reasonably 
desire. I have all sorts of conveniences about me where I am, 
and nothing but the hopes of better health would incline me to 
alter the place of my abode. 

"Sir, your Assured Frd. 
"April 11, 1751. J. Belcher. 

"Mr. Woodruff." 

The house appears to have been made more commodious by 
building the portion west of the main hall, as the west wall of 
the hall is of solid brick, probably originally an exterior wall, 
the line of junction being easily traced on the outside. The 
bricks in the front wall east of the entrance, while not uniform 
in size, are approximately 8^x4x2 •}<$ inches, while those to the 
west are smaller, being about 8^2x3^x2 inches. The house 
has been described as the "Old Holland Brick Mansion," but 
whether the bricks really came from Holland I cannot say. 
They are laid in Flemish bond. In the part added, as it seems, 
in 1 75 1, are the drawing-room and the large bedroom over it, 
in which was found the Governor's cellaret which I removed 
to the new dining-room. 

Rev. Jonathan Edwards, who visited Governor Belcher in 
this house several times in September, 1752, speaks of him as 
savoring "much of the spirit of religion," and the evangelist, 
Whitefield, who also visited him, wrote to Lady Huntington, 
September 30, 1754: U I am now at Governor Belcher's, who 
sends your Ladyship the most cordial respects. His outward 
man decays but his inward man seems to be renewed day by 
day. I think he ripens for Heaven apace ;" and to another 

Old Houses of Elizabcthtown 173 

correspondent: "I write this from Governor Belcher's, who 
is indeed singularly good and whose latter end greatly increases 
as to spirituals. Oh ! that this may be my happy lot." The 
Governor, however, made good use of that cellaret, as he wrote 
October 7, 175 1 , that he would ''be seventy years old the next 
eighth of January," and that he commonly drank "besides wa- 
ter and small beer about half a bottle of old Madeira a day." 
In 1752 he says: "For you must know that if I indulge my 
taste in any one thing more than another it is in malt drink." 
Later he asked Mr. Woodruff to import for him "three pipes 
of the best Maderia wine and a quarter cask of Malmsey." 
Present restrictions would not have suited his mode of life. 

Jonathan Belcher was an American, born of wealthy parents 
at Cambridge, Massachusetts, January 8, 1 681/2, graduated 
from Harvard in 1699, an< J was then sent to Europe, where he 
made the acquaintance of the Prince who afterwards became 
George I, King of England, and thus opened the way for his 
future political preferment. While in England he became a 
Free Mason, being initiated in 1704, thirteen years before the 
English Grand Lodge was organized, and thus, so far as 
known, was the first American to join the craft. On a second 
visit to England in 1729, while agent of the Colony there, 
he was appointed Governor of Massachusetts and New Hamp- 
shire. His administration of the government was very unpop- 
ular and in 1741 he was removed. Taking another trip abroad 
he soon vindicated himself and returned to America in 1747, 
on the "Searboro" man-of-war, as Royal Governor of New 
Jersey. He first settled in Burlington, but, as the air did not 
agree with him there, he removed to Elizabeth Town, leasing 
and occupying this house, which became the seat of govern- 
ment, until his death here in 1757. 

The location of the Royal Governor in Elizabeth Town was 
a great event. A "Respectful Address" was presented by the 
Corporation of the town to the Governor on his arrival, No- 
vember 1, 1 75 1. But another point of view is indicated in a 
sarcastic letter of Captain Jonathan Hampton referring to "a 
numerous train of Bostonians, whineing, praying and canting 
continually about our streets." The old town was the original 

174 Proceedings Nciv Jersey Historical Society 

capital of the Colony and now returned to its former estate, the 
General Assembly meeting here for the Governor's conveni- 
ence, thus ''giving the town peculiar prominence, at the time, 
in provincial affairs." 

The Governor's removal here was a serious matter. He 
wrote September 10th, that he was "engaged in putting his 
clothing and furniture on board of three small sloops to take 
them round to Elizabethtown ;" and again, September 19th, 
that the men "with the coach and the three cows and the three 
stoops with what they have on board" were "to leave today," 
and his daughter "would soon be in Elizabethtown to assist in 
unpacking." It is not surprising that he wished the house made 
more commodious. 

I have quoted freely from Hatfield's "History of Elizabeth" 
in which, on pages Z77-Z&Z, will be found an account of Gover- 
nor Belcher and his connection with Elizabethtown. A photo- 
graphic copy of his portrait in oil, now in Nassau Hall, Prince- 
ton, was presented to me in 1909 by the Elizabethtown Chapter 
S. A. R., and hangs on my library wall. 

Before coming here he had granted the College of New 
Jersey its second charter, the first being thought defective and 
inadequate, and during the remainder of his life he was actively 
engaged in promoting its welfare. On its removal to Princeton 
and the erection of its first building there he gave it the name 
of Nassau Hall, not permitting the use of his own name as had 
been proposed ; and just before his death he presented the 
institution with his library of 400 volumes, a large collection of 
books in those days. He has been justly termed the patron of 
the College, and the late Dr. Shields, of Princeton, when vis- 
iting me some years ago, called the house the "cradle of Prince- 
ton University." 

Governor Belcher died August 31, 1757. in his seventy-sixth 
year. There was a large assemblage at his funeral in the old 
First Church on Sunday, September 4th., the sermon being 
preached by Rev. Aaron Burr, the President of Princeton Col- 
lege. In one of the New York papers of October 24th 
appeared the following notice: 

Old Houses of ElizabctJitoivn 175 

"On Tuesday, the first day of November, will be sold at pub- 
lic auction, at Elizabeth Town, in New Jersey, the household 
furniture, plate, cattle, etc., of his late excellency Governor 
Belcher; also, if not before disposed of at private sale, a good 
coach, and four very fine black coach horses." 

The accounts of his life and character seem conflicting. One 
writer says: "Belcher was a man of society and of the world, 
loved intrigue and tortuous methods, and brought into politics 
some habits of trade, but he spent his money with an elegant 
liberality during 11 years as Governor." Another says: "As 
a Governor especially in Mass. and N.H., he was arbitrary and 
opinionative, reckless in invective against his opponents, not 
above the acts of cajolery and flattery, inordinately fond of 
display and ostentatiously pious." But his administration of 
affairs in New Jersey was for the most part wise and satisfac- 
tory to the people and he remained in office until his death. 
Another authority says : "He became at an early day an active 
member of the church and ever through life honored his pro- 
fession." Another speaks of him as "Saintly Governor Bel- 
cher." Still another says of him : "Added to his excellent 
endowments of mind were a peculiar beauty and gracefulness of 
person, in which he was equalled by no man in his day; and 
there was a dignity to his mien and deportment which com- 
manded respect." "He has passed into history as perhaps the 
most unpopular of all the Royal Governors of Massachusetts." 

According to Meyer's Map, William Peartree Smith owned 
the property from 1766 to 1784, but, according to Rev. Mr. 
Hall, as above stated, he bought the house in 1758. At all 
events he appears from an advertisement, quoted by Hatfield, 
to have been a resident of the town in August, 1758. He was 
a graduate of Yale and a writer both of prose and poetry, at 
one time editing a paper with Governor Livingston, his life- 
long friend. He was a member of a well-known New York 
City family, his grandfather being one of its early Mayors. 
His father, Port Royal Smith, was Governor-General of Ja- 
maica and a friend of Governor Belcher. He was a leader dur- 
ing the Revolutionary struggle, as will appear by reference 
to Hatfield, and has been described as "one of the most dis- 

176 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

tinguished civilians of the clay." During his residence in th • 
house occurred the marriage of his daughter Kate, or, as SOtnc 
of her friends spelled the name, ''Cat)/' to Elisha Boudinot, 
brother of Elias Boudinot, President of the Continental Con- 
gress, who lived across the street in what is now the Home for 
Aged Women. An interesting account of this wedding will be 
found in "Historic Houses of New Jersey" previously men- 

In the ''Pageant of Elizabeth," given at the time of the two 
hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the settlement of the town, 
were furnished two of the scenes in Episode III, ''Elizabeth 
Town During the Revolution." It occurred in October, 1778, 
and was one of the great social events of the period. "Among 
the guests we see Generals Washington and Lafayette, young 
Alexander Hamilton, the master of ceremonies, charming Lady 
Kitty Stirling, her cousins, the Livingston girls, and many other 
noted figures." ''Many a great bowl of punch made of costly 
old wines . . . stood on Governor Belcher's old cellaret 
. . . . for gentlemen drank in those days, and the first 
gentlemen in the land were there." There was of course great 
danger on such an occasion and, indeed, about a fortnight later, 
the house was visited by British soldiers, who, upon learning 
of the absence of the bridegroom, spitefully destroyed the fine 
furniture and family portraits, some of them painted by Sir 
Godfrey Kneller." 

The next owner of the property was Rev. David Austin, and 
the house thus became the parsonage of the First Presbyterian 
Church, as he was its pastor from 17S8 to 1797. An account 
of his erratic career will be found in Hatfield (pages 596-606). 
He preached that the world would come to an end on a certain 
day, and the story is told that at the time named the people 
gathered in the church and awaited the event, the young women 
arrayed in white. When the hour passed and nothing hap- 
pened, the Rev. Mr. Austin is said to have entered the pulpit 
and preached from the text, "The Lord delayeth his coming." 
Off the large east bedroom on the second floor is a closet or 
alcove which I have been assured was the study of the Rev. 
Mr. Austin. It is some 5x6 feet, about the size of Jon- 

Old Houses of Elizabcthtown 177 

athan Edward's study at Stockbridge (as I was informed by 
the late Dr. Whitaker). 

When I acquired the house there was a small fireplace in the 
side of the chimney breast, decorated with blue Dutch tiles. 
These titles and some others gathered from elsewhere in the 
building sufficed to make a beautiful setting for a curious cor- 
ner Franklin stove now in my den off the library. This little 
stove, with a curved brick hearth, was found in the easterly 
wing that I pulled down, as also the old mantle over it. 

In 1797, Col. Aaron Ogden became the owner of the house 
and the five-acre tract as previously stated. He was a descend- 
ant of John Ogden, the settler, and so the ownership again 
vested in his family. He was born in 1756, was graduated at 
Princeton in 1773, served with much honor during the Revolu- 
tion, and then entered upon the practice of the law. He occu- 
pied many places of distinction, being Presidential Elector. 
Senator from New Jersey, and finally, in 181 2, Governor of 
the State, so that for a second time the old house became a 
Governor's mansion, and during his residence here many dis- 
tinguished men were entertained in it, notably Lafayette, who, 
on his last visit to this country in 1824, after spending the night 
with General Dayton in the Boudinot house on the other side of 
the street, was breakfasted the next morning in the present 
library, then the dining-room of the house. At this time the 
large family of children of Major William Chetwood, Governor 
Ogden's brother-in-law, was presented to the General, standing 
in a line, each a little taller than the other, "like a flight of 
stairs," as one of them, the late Mrs. Wetmore, the Catherine 
for whom the adjoining street was named, told me in the very 

Lafayette, in a letter to his kinsman, known here as the 
Chevalier d'Anterroches, my great-grandfather, speaks of the 
two eminent men living on this street as "mes bon amis Dayton 
ct Ogden." Lafayette's great-grandson, the Count de Lafay- 
ette, spent the day here as my guest some years ago. 

Governor Ogden became largely interested in steamboat traf- 
fic between here and New York City, and finally got into litiga- 
tion with Thomas Gibbons, another resident of the town, rela- 

178 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

tive to the right to navigate interstate waters. Gibbons won 
and Ogden was ruined, but the decision made by the Supreme 
Court of the United States, opening our waterways to naviga- 
tion without interference by the States, was of most momentous 
consequence in the development of our country. 

The troubles between Governor Ogden and Thomas Gib- 
bons brought from Gibbons, a hot blooded Southerner, a chal- 
lenge to mortal combat. The story is told in a very interesting 
way in an article by the Hon. Frederick W. Gnichtel, of Tren- 
ton, entitled "The End of Duelling in New Jersey," in the 
"Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society" for 
July, 1921, on page 148. The challenge was sent through Gen- 
eral Dayton, but Ogden refused the letter. Gibbons was so 
enraged that he went to Governor Ogden's law office, horsewhip 
in hand, and posted the challenge on the half open door. It 
charged the Governor with rascally conduct and was such a 
letter as was likely to lead to a duel. The office was in the 
West wing of the Ogden house on Jersey street, not Broad 
street, as was stated in the article, an error to which I subse- 
quently called attention, the correction appearing in the April. 
1922, "Proceedings," on page 166. Ogden was away, but Mrs. 
Ogden and her daughter saw what was done by Gibbons, and 
the daughter shortly after removed the letter from the door. 
Instead of accepting the challenge Ogden brought suit for $5.- 
000 for trespass and won, not only on the trial but on appeal, 
and on a second trial, though the second verdict was for a less 
sum. An indictment growing out of the same incident was 
taken to the Supreme Court on certiorari and quashed. 

The course of Ogden in this matter showed the change in 
sentiment, largely brought about by the Hamilton-Burr duel, 
and the long litigation and the prominence of the parties at- 
tracted general attention throughout the country. As was well 
noted by Judge Gnichtel: "The suit for damages, in a matter 
that had always been looked upon as a question of honor, 
tended to emphasize the absurdity of resorting to duels to set- 
tle disputes, and helped to bring duelling into disfavor." 

One of the frequent visitors at the house in Governor Og- 
den's time was Aaron Burr, who was about the same age and 

Old Houses of Elizabcthtoivn 179 

closely connected with him by family ties. The late Captain 
DeHart told me that in his boyhood an old servant employed in 
his father's house across the street told him of seeing Burr here 
very often. 

Governor Ogden lost the property, and it was bought at sher- 
iff's sale in 1823 by his son, Judge E. B. Dayton Ogden, from 
whom it passed to John J. Chetwood as trustee in 1826. It 
passed from him through Edward C. Mayo, Aaron L. Middle- 
brook and F. B. Chetwood to Dr. Charles Davis, who owned 
it from 1837 to 1858, and was one of the best known physicians 
of his day. In 1858 it again became the property of Judge E. 
B. Dayton Ogden, who owned it until his death, and his admin- 
istrator, Aaron Ogden, conveyed it to Hon. Amos Clark in 
1865. Mr. Clark owned it for many years and, though he 
parted with it for a short time, it again reverted to him, and he 
conveyed it to me in December, 1898. While Mr. Clark owned 
it, the occupants for many years were Mrs. Johnston and her 
daughters, well known in this community. 

When it came into my hands it was occupied by four negro 
tenants and was in a very delapidated condition, so that com- 
plete renovation was necessary. There was a wing extending 
east toward Catherine street that contained the kitchen, and 
in its chimney I found the fireback previously mentioned. This 
wing was of frame, filled in with brick, and was in such a state 
of decay that I was compelled to pull it down, but the old mater- 
ial, so far as possible, was used in the addition I erected in the 
rear. There was also a modern extension in the rear of the 
library and east bedroom, which I removed, and so opened 
windows that had been sealed up for many years. The window 
frames in the second floor had been left in position, with the 
inside shutters closed, the openings being covered with lath and 
plaster in the extension. As I first remember the house it had 
another wing extending to the west, which contained Governor 
Ogden's law office, as above stated. This wing was removed 
when the late Archibald H. Bull purchased that part of the land 
and erected his home there. The wing that was removed is 
now part of the first house from East Jersey street on the east 
side of Morrell street. As the present building has a frontage 

180 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

°f $7 l /2 ^et, the structure, when both wings were standing, 
must have extended some 125 to 130 feet along the street. 

In the work of renovation every care was exercised to pre- 
serve the old features of the house. In the Library, the east 
room on the first floor, the only material change was the cut- 
ting of a wide entrance into the hall. Both rear windows had 
been converted into doorways ; one I restored to its original 
use, while the other remains a door, and over the latter will be 
noticed the ornamental work originally over the old doorway 
into the hall. The Franklin stove was there, but it is evident 
that before its day there was the usual open fireplace. The 
mantel of most generous proportions has been much admired. 
The ornamental work was in bad condition, but enough of the 
design remained to enable the workmen to restore it, which was 
done with great care. The facing of the chimney breast under 
the mantel and the hearth are of beautiful varigated marble. 
The brass band in the hearth was so obscured with grime that 
it was a long time before the deposit was entirely removed and 
the metal disclosed. The fluted columns at the side of the 
mantel supporting the shelf are unusual in design, tapering 
down instead of up. On each side of the chimney is an alcove, 
opening into the room through an elliptical archway supported 
by fluted pilasters. In the soffit of the archways, between the 
keystone and the capital of each pilaster, are two ellipses. The 
ellipse, indeed, seemed to have been the motif in the decoration 
of this room, as in addition to these arches and the ellipses in 
their soffits there were two large ellipses in plaster in the ceiling 
and an ellipse in putty work in the panel under each window. 
The cornice in this room is in plaster. There is a chair rail 
of wood but no wainscoting. 

In the drawing-room opposite few changes have been made, 
the most important being the placing of tiles in the fireplace, 
taking the place of some dilapidated stone work, and the instal- 
lation of mirrors, one over the fireplace and the other in one 
of the alcoves. The chandelier was there, though black with 
the accumulation of years, as was also the one in the library, 
but burnishing restored them to their original beauty. These 
are evidently old chandeliers, but not, of course, in the sense 

Old Houses of Elizabcthtoivn 181 

that the house itself is old. They were probably introduced 
when gas was first brought into use. The supply pipe of lead, 
of small diameter, entered the building from Catherine street. 
These chandeliers were left where they were, electric light 
fixtures being placed on the side walls. The cornice in the 
drawing-room is of wood and very beautiful with its little 
brackets. In the broken pediment over the door is an urn, 
while in a similar pediment over the mirror above the mantel is 
a small head taking the place of the head of Pitt, which I 
was assured had been there, but which had disappeared. On 
each side of the chimney breast is an alcove as in the room 
opposite, but the arches and pilasters are more elaborate, the 
latter being double fluted. In the northerly alcove I cut a 
window through the west wall. The mirror in the other alcove 
balances this window. There was no connection between this 
room and the wing which formerly adjoined it. The frieze over 
the door is pulvinated, or pillow-like, a feature repeated over 
the windows in the bedroom above. 

The drawing-room is very stately and wonderfully well 
proportioned. The panelling in the sides of the doorway 
is not like the woodwork in the room, but similar to that 
in the east and older part of the structure, and would seem 
to indicate a door here before the drawing-room was built. 

The staircase is a fine specimen of colonial work. The 
newel post, though of slender proportion, is strongly set, a 
wedge under the floor, driven through an opening in the 
lower end of the post, keeping it in place. There are three 
slender balusters to each step, and the wall is wainscoted 
above the stairway. The wood work is all painted white, 
except the rail, which is dark, like mahogany. There are two 
landings, and on the lower may be seen a window with seat, 
and with shutters containing peep holes, and on each side 
sockets for the bar which fastened them, but which has 
disappeared. The sash and glass in this window are the 
only new features. The soffit of the stairs where exposed is 
beautifully panelled, the panels under the second landing 
forming a St. Andrew's Cross. The hall wall is finished with 
a cove at the top. 

182 Proceedings Nezv Jersey Historical Society 

The east bedroom on the second floor is wainscoted to the 
ceiling across the chimney breast, with doors on each side 
leading into alcoves. The mantel shelves and supporting 
columns are modern. In the northerly alcove is a curious old 
desk built in the wall with shelves above and drawers below, 
and opposite, against the chimney breast, are more drawers 
and a shallow closet. The southerly alcove on the opposite 
side of the chimney was Rev. Mr. Austin's study, previously 
mentioned. The recess in the southwesterly corner of the 
room was a closet, that must have been sealed up for genera- 
tions, as the wall was formed of split lath and clay mortar. 
In the wall was a perfect doorway, but entirely hidden, and 
the slats to support shelves were still in position. 

At the top of the stairs is a platform connecting the large 
east and west bedrooms, and adjoining it to the north is a 
small room with a window facing on the street. The par- 
tition which forms the hall side of this room is of heavy plank 
set on end and covered with lath and plaster above the 

The large west bedroom, which is said to have been Gov- 
ernor Belcher's, and which occupies, with the drawing-room 
below, the portion of the house undoubtedly constructed for 
him in 1751, is somewhat like the east room, having 
an alcove on each side of the chimney breast. In the souther- 
ly alcove was Governor Belcher's wine cellaret, which I re- 
moved to the first floor, where it was placed in a corner of 
the new dining room, an addition being thrown out on each 
side to fill the larger space. It is most interesting with its 
serving board, intricately curved shelves and cupboard below. 
The concave top made of many narrow pieces of wood was 
formerly painted like a shell. The hinges here, as elsewhere 
in the house, are the old H hinges of wrought iron. The 
west bedroom mantel is new, all the wood work between the 
pilasters at each corner of the chimney breast having been 
destroyed by fire before the property came into my posses- 
sion. It seems probable that this end of the room was wain- 
scoted to the ceiling like the room opposite, as is the case 
now with the fronts of the alcoves, which are pierced with 

Old Houses of Elizabcthtoivn 183 

arched doorways. The cornice is of wood in the two large 
bedrooms and of elaborate design. There are window seats 
at all the windows of the three rooms. The floor of this 
west room was two or three inches lower than the hall floor, 
but, when the present flooring was laid, it was raised to the 
same level. In each of these bedrooms there is a panelled 
wainscot about a yard high, except the chimney side, where it 
extends to the ceiling. 

On the front door is a curious old wooden lock bound with 
iron. The key, which could scarcely have been carried in the 
pocket, has disappeared, and the keyhole was long since put- 
tied up, doubtless to prevent drafts. There are four great 
wrought iron hinges large enough for barn doors. The front 
door is in two parts, or leaves, each panelled. In the upper- 
most panel was dull glass, the second, now of glass, being 
originally of wood. The outer plate glass doors came to me 
from Fairfield, Connecticut, from the old Burr house, built 
after the Revolution on the site of the original house in 
which John Hancock and Dorothy Ouincy were married, and 
which was burned in Tryon's invasion of Connecticut. 

The original portico in front was moved forward, form- 
ing the outward portion of the present entrance. The old 
stone slab and steps are there and even the wrought iron 
scraper, which I had a blacksmith put in order. On the exte- 
rior of the building will be noticed a curious cornice of lath 
and plaster. 

The timbers of the house are of hewn oak, some of them of 
immense size, and some of the rafters from their appearance 
would suggest that they had been used before, possibly indicat- 
ing some ancient remodelling. In the foundation of the draw- 
ing-room chimney there is well nigh stone enough for the foun- 
dation of a modern house, and in the cellar is a large boulder, 
jutting out from an angle in the wall, which the builder prob- 
ably found easier to leave than remove from the excavation. 
The thickness of the walls will be realized when it is noted that 
enough bricks have been removed under some of the windows 
to accommodate the steam radiators and yet leave a substantial 
wall outside. As the building is long and low, many expect 

184 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

to find low-ceiled rooms, but such is not the case, as the ceil- 
ings in both stories are nearly ten feet high. The old floor 
boards are wide, some of them nearly fourteen inches, but they 
had sagged considerably in places, and much levelling up had 
to be done in laying the new floors over them. The trim in the 
new part of the house is modelled after that in the old part, 
so that the efYect is uniform. While the exterior of the addi- 
tion in the rear is not, in some respects, homogeneous with the 
old building, it does not show from Jersey street, and so does 
not affect the appearance of the house from the front and it 
makes possible a most desirable arrangement of the interior. 

In early times there was evidently a walk extending from 
the south side, or present rear of the house, to Elizabeth ave- 
nue, then the King's Highway, as indicated by the box border, 
some of which is standing, or was until quite recently, in one 
of the gardens to the south. 

In an illustrated article in the "Delineator" for September, 
1903, entitled "Homes of the Past and Present — An Eighteenth 
and Twentieth Century Home," the writer, Alice M. Kellogg, 
introduces her subject as follows: "Modern comforts united 
with the history and architecture of the middle Eighteenth Cen- 
tury are a rare combination for a home. Existing houses rep- 
resentative of the earliest period of American history are few in 
number and are usually preserved by civic institutions or 
patriotic societies as museums or places of exhibition. A house 
in Elizabeth, New Jersey (or as it was called in olden times, 
Elizabeth Town), that one hundred and fifty years ago was 
occupied by one of the Royal Governors, has been skillfully 
restored to its early estate, with all the latest devices for house- 
hold comfort unaggressively introduced." 

The intention to restore it was faithfully carried out in 
most respects, but I regret one change that was made. I refer 
to the front entrance. The present arrangement has been 
much admired, but the little square portico, which was moved 
out some six feet from the front wall, should be back where it 
was formerly. It stood on the brown stone slab now in front 
of it and, instead of a gable roof, had a flat roof covered with 
sheet lead. 

Sonie Xczc Jersey Side-Lights on Revolutionary Days 185 

In the house are preserved many mementoes of the past, such 
as old furniture, samplers, miniatures and letters. There is also 
a Revolutionary cannon ball from the bed of the creek and a leg 
iron used here in slavery days. Among other objects is a beau- 
tiful flowered silk gown that once belonged to Mrs. Jonathan 
Edwards. When one .-tops to think that she was the grand- 
mother of Aaron Burr, its great age will be realized, and yet 
its colors are as bright and beautiful as in her day. There is 
also a coat — a French officer's coat in miniature — which was 
worn by a great uncle of mine when, as a little boy, he was 
presented at the Court of Louis XVI of France, just before 
the outbreak of the French Revolution. 

In some way this wonderful old house should be preserved 
for posterity. As the seat of government of the Colony, as so 
closely connected with the early history of Princeton Univer- 
sity, as the place where so many historical characters have been 
entertained in Colonial, Revolutionary and subsequent times, 
and as the home of eminent men in the past, it has a claim on 
the State and the community. It also has a claim to survival 
on account of its beautiful interior, which one architect, who 
claims to have examined most of the old houses in this and 
neighboring States, pronounced the finest he had seen. The 
growth of population and the need for sites for new structures 
for business and for residence menace these old buildings, but 
the finest and most interesting of them should surely be pre- 
served for those to come after us. 



The first great American humorist, "Poor Richard," while 
Deputy Postmaster-General under the Crown, used to frank 
his letters thus: "Free, B. Franklin." After he had been 
deposed by the English government and reappointed to the 

'Paper read before the Morristown Chapter, D. A. R., at Parsippany, 
Oct. 10, 1916. 

186 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

same office by the Continental Congress, he changed the 
form of the frank to this: "B-Free-Franklin." 

Now Franklin had a closer touch with New Jersey than his 
government office or Camden Ferry ; for his natural — but 
un-natural — son, William, secured from the Crown an ap- 
pointment as Governor of New Jersey, much to the disgust 
of the Provence and of his father, with the evident hope on 
the part of the British authorities of holding down the father 
to Toryism. This little scheme did not succeed. Franklin 
appealed to his son to resign, but William refused to resent 
this insult to his father. Franklin wrote to his undutiful 
boy: "You are a thorough courtier; you see everything 
with government eyes/' The breach between father and son 
was never healed. There is no record of tear: being shed in 
the paternal home when the wayward boy was arrested by 
General Winds under orders from Congress as an active and 
dangerous Tory, and eventually he was exiled from Amer- 
ica for the rest of his days. 

The next incident has recently been pronounced a myth. 
But as the critic thereby has to confute statements in the 
book, "Scotch and Irish Seeds in American Soil," as well 
as to impeach the historical accuracy of its author, and as 
the incident is so thoroughly in keeping with the patriotism 
of the hero of the tale, let us wait a little before we cast it 
over into the limbo with WiHiam Tell's crossbow and Wash- 
ington's hatchet. W r e wend our way to Carpenter's Hall. 
Continental Congress is in session. Nearly four weeks be- 
fore a resolution was adopted declaring the American colonies 
independent of Great Britain. A report of this proceeding, 
authenticated by the President and Secretary of Congress, 
has been sent abroad and the people of the land are already 
celebrating their freedom. The Declaration of Independence, 
engrossed on parchment, lies unsigned on the desk. The del- 
egates hesitate. It is one thing to vote for such a resolution; 
it is quite another to put your name to the document and 
thus supply written evidence that may one day bring you to 
the gallows as a traitor to the mother country. Who has 
the unflinching courage to lead the way? A delegate from 

Some New Jersey Sidc-LigJiis on Revolutionary Days 187 

New Jersey takes the floor. It is that stanch, old Scotch- 
Irish clergyman, that descendant (on his mother's side) of 
John Knox, John Witherspoon of Princeton College. Hear 
him: "My gray head must soon bow to the fate of all. I 
prefer that it should go by the axe of the executioner than 
that the cause of independence should not prevail." The 
ringing words of the old patriot stir the assembly, and on 
the 2nd of August the Declaration is signed by all the dele- 
gates then present. 

One of the very interesting characters of the period was 
William Livingston, nine years the senior of Washington 
and his warm friend. He had graduated at the head of his 
class at Yale in 1741, studied law, edited two newspapers, 
been a member of the first and second Continental Con- 
gresses. He just missed signing the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence because he was, on June 5, 1776, made Brigadier 
General of the New Jersey militia, and in August of the same 
year became Governor of New Jersey, which office he held for 
fourteen years. In 1773 he purchased 120 acres at Elizabeth- 
town and erected there a house which was his home to the 
end of his days, and which he called Liberty Hall. 

To divert a little. About the time he came to Elizabeth- 
town a young, unfriended lad also came to the place bring- 
ing a letter of introduction from Rev. Hugh Knox, a col- 
lege classmate of Livingston, who had a church in the Island 
of St. Croix, (one of the three islands which the United 
States recently endeavored to buy from Denmark). This boy 
was put into a school in town taught by Francis Barber. 
Both master and pupil afterward served with distinction in 
the American army. That boy was Alexander Hamilton. 

Governor Livingston was at first doubtful about the wis- 
dom of declaring independence so early in the Revolutionary 
struggle. But he was not like a man of our own day, a 
later Governor of New Jersey, "too proud to fight." He 
never wavered in his loyalty to the cause. After the War 
began he wrote to a friend : "Whoever bares his sword 
against his prince must fling away his scabbard." 

His name has a historic connection with Parsippany. In 

1 88 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

June, 1780, came that ever-to-be-remembcred incursion of 
the British into New Jersey, during which the wife of the 
Rev. James Caldwell was foully murdered, and the Battle of 
Springfield was fought. The British came by way of Eliza- 
bethtown. The Governor was in Trenton with the Provincial 
Assembly. June 9 he wrote to his wife, whom he always ad- 
dressed as "Dear Sukey" (her maiden name was Susanna 
French), expressing the greatest anxiety for her and her 
two daughters, and for the safety of Liberty Hall, they hav- 
ing recently returned thither from the residence in Parsip- 
pany which they had been occupying. The British, how- 
ever, retired from New Jersey without molesting the Gov- 
ernor's home. 

Governor Livingston did not find all his fellow townsmen 
about Liberty Hall to his liking ; for he refers to the place as 
being peopled with unknown, unrecommended strangers, guilty- 
looking Tories and very knavish Whigs. Tories particularly 
he could not abide. In September, 1782, he wrote to a subor- 
dinate, who had given a certain obnoxious person leave to enter 
the State: "For God's sake, do not assist the refugees and 
Tories to deluge this State with their detestable presence." 

This allusion to Tories will serve as introduction to some 
instances of their depredations in North Jersey. There was 
an organized band of them under the lead of one Claudius 
Smith, whose acts were particularly notorious and brutal. This 
band on one occasion visited the home of Lieut. Clarke in 
the Ramapo region. After making him furnish supper for 
them, they took him outside, ordered him to show them the 
shortest route across the mountains, then wantonly shot him, 
leaving him mortally wounded to die on his own door-step. 
A party of patriots at once started in pursuit of the murderers. 
They overtook the Tories in a swamp, and surrounded and 
killed the whole party. So intense was the indignation over the 
shooting of Lieut. Clarke that nobody ventured to bury these 
bodies. It is said that for some years their blenched bones were 
still to be seen in the swamp ; and the story is told that a car- 
penter of the region secured one of the skulls and used it for 
a nail box. 

Some New Jersey Side-Liglits on Revolutionary Days 189 

Coming nearer home, 32 Tories are reported to have been 
brought at one time to Morristown and sentenced to be hung. 
On the morning set for the execution a reprieve was offered to 
all but two, if they would enlist in the American army for the 
rest of the War. The whole thirty agreed to the terms and 
were put under guard till they had taken the oath of allegiance. 
While thus confined, the father of one of them, a Dutchman 
from Bergen, arrived at the jail. His son saw him through the 
window and greeted him. ''What are you doing dere?" asked 
the father. "I am reprieved," was the reply. "How's dat?" 
"I had the offer of life if I would enlist for the rest of the 
War and I have enlisted." ''What? 'listed 'mong the rebels? 
I would rather have followed you to the gallows." At this 
point the guard interrupted the conversation. ''Take care, you 
old scoundrel, or you will hang where your son was to go." 
The old Dutchman waited to hear no more but lost no time 
in getting started back to Bergen. 

Between alarms over the approach of the British and the 
marauding Tories the rural patriots could hardly sleep in peace. 
Moses Tuttle lived at Mt. Pleasant, three miles from Dover on 
the Sparta road. One night after the family had retired a 
horseman rode up to the kitchen door and shouted: "Is Mr. 
Tuttle at home?" The good man of the house leaped from his 
bed, seized a bogging-knife, and said to his colored servant: 
"Now, Phillis, you open the door and I will kill as many as 
undertake to come in." He was prevented from executing his 
bloody threat by a familiar voice outside, "Lord bless us, Mr. 
Tuttle, don't you know your old friend, Col. Kemper?" 

Now Mr. Tuttle had good reason for living in this state of 
preparedness. Not long before this his son-in-law, Capt. 
Charles Hoff, had been paid an unwelcome visit by Tories. 
Capt. Hoff was manager of Gen. Stirling's blast furnace at 
Hibernia, which turned out cannon balls for the American 
army. It should be noted that North Jersey, then as more 
recently, was manufacturing munitions of war. The great 
chain that was stretched across the Hudson at West Point was 
forged in Newfoundland, N. J. On the occasion referred to 
the family of Capt. Hoff were eating their supper of mush and 

190 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

milk, when four men in disguise entered, and, presenting pis- 
tols, demanded all the valuables of the household in the King's 
name. Capt. HofT promptly knocked over his Tory with his 
fist. A scuffle ensued in which the lights were put out. A 
candle brought from the kitchen Hot! also managed to extin- 
guish. Mrs. HorT had contrived meanwhile to put some of the 
family linen out of the way, and other members of the house- 
hold were concealing watches and jewelry. The latter, how- 
ever, was discovered and carried off. For the sake of IMrs. 
Hoff, who was in delicate health, and because little could be 
done for the protection of property, no further resistance was 
made. The intruders ransacked the house, even stripping the 
beds, taking Mrs. HofFs much-prized scarlet cloak, which she 
pleaded with them to spare, taking even the rings of the ladies, 
but graciously allowing Capt. HorT to retain his wedding suit. 
Going outside they brought out five horses and loaded them 
with booty. When the Captain saw his favorite riding horse 
led out by the robbers, it was more than he could endure. He 
rushed to the rescue but was driven back by shots from the 
Tories. A pursuing party came upon the horses turned loose 
in the mountains, and lame from the hard usage by the rob- 
bers. Some years after the war closed Capt. Joseph Board of 
Ringwood wrote Mr. HorT an account of the names and fates 
of the four men. This information came through a confession 
of one of them at his trial for complicity in a murder. A mem- 
ber of the gang, "Bad Jim'' Babcock, was hung at Goshen, X. 
Y. Some idea of his character, as well as that of the other 
three, and many other desperadoes of the period, may be 
formed from his bearing at the time of his execution. He said : 
"Mother used to tell me I would die like a trooper with my 
shoes on ; but I will make the old woman a liar for once in her 
life," kicking olT his shoes and going barefoot to the gallows. 
Morris county furnishes many interesting stories in connec- 
tion with arrests and alarms. Justice Aaron Kitchell of Rock- 
away committed a burly Tory to Morristown jail. No con- 
stable being handy he ordered his son James, a lad in his teens. 
to mount a horse, take a gun and land the fellow in jail. Things 
went well till they reached Morris Plains. Then the prisoner 

Some New Jersey Side-Lights on Revolutionary Days 191 

observed that he could easily escape if he wanted to. "Try it," 
said the boy. "O, I don't want to set away, but let me walk- 
along beside you, and not be driven into town this fashion." 
''Keep your distance, or I'll blaze away," said the boy, and the 
rest of the trip was made without further interruption. 

A daughter of this same Mr. Kitchell, who became Mrs. 
Eunice Pierson in marriage, tells of assisting her mother in care 
of a party of American soldiers in 1777, quartered at Hanover 
Neck for innoculation against smallpox. Mrs. Pierson, then a 
girl of ten years, took the smallpox at that time and carried the 
scars of the disease through life. 

Many anecdotes are told of the prompt response of the 
minute men when the alarm gun warned of the approach 
of the British. Samuel Beach, of Rockaway, a young man 
preparing for college, heard that the enemy were crossing 

I Newark mountain. He went out and buried his precious 

text-books and did not dig them up till the report was con- 
tradicted. He was teaching school at Lyons Farms in June, 
1780. The alarm gun sounded. He abruptly closed school, 
got a gun and joined a party who held the foe in check for 
several hours. He worked his musket well and marched till 
he fell down from utter exhaustion. In this condition he was 
found and taken. His family were greatly alarmed. After 
a night's sleep, against the protests of his friends, with true 
patriotic grit he responded to a fresh alarm, and fought and 
marched all day again. There was good stuff in college boys 
even before the era of football. 

On the morning of June 23, 1780, the day of the Springfield 
fight, a farmer named Bishop was stacking wheat at Mend- 
ham, when the signal gun boomed. "T must go," said Mr. 
Bishop, "I can't stand this." "You'd better take care of your 
wheat," urged his men. "Get along with the grain as best 
you can ; I'm off," was the answer. Hastily securing his 
gun and some provisions, he was soon on the road, and over- 
took many like himself on the way to the front. Before 
they reached Springfield they met a messenger who said the 
fight was over and the enemy were in retreat. 

Mrs. Pierson, already quoted, tells of attending a religious 

192 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

service at the Rockaway Presbyterian church when a man 
rode up and called out that the British were coming. One 
man — only one — was ready to march. That was William 
Winds. He had come to church fully equipped with knap- 
sack, musket, bayonet, blanket and three days provisions. 
Raising his powerful voice he upbraided his less thoughtful 
fellow-Christians for their lack of preparedness, as he well 
knew how to do. This man deserves more extended men- 
tion, — this bluff, stalwart, impulsive, generous, patriotic Gen. 
William Winds, veteran of the earlier Indian wars; King's 
justice of the peace who issued writs on birch-bark rather 
than use paper subject to the Stamp Act; Colonel of the 1st 
Jersey Continental troops ; afterwards Brigadier General ; 
gifted with what Dr. Ashbel Green, of Princeton, called a 
"stentorophonic voice ;" accomplishing the arrest of Jersey's 
Tory governor, Franklin, and doing other notable public ser- 
vice; incurring censure, unjustly as was thought, and lay- 
ing down his commission ; but first of all to respond to the 
call afterwards to fight as a private. Good Presbyterian 
that he was, he often led the deacons' meetings o ; his Rocka- 
way church. His voice in prayer was said to be low and 
musical till he came to the never-omitted petition for Ameri- 
can liberty, when he assaulted the Throne of Grace in thunder- 
tones. He could use that mighty voice with good effect. 
Once he frightened off a British force which came upon him 
by surprise by shouting to his own little handful of men: 
"Open to right and left and let the artillery through." He 
could use forcible language on occasion. A British officer 
who had penetrated to Chatham with his men sent Gen. 
Winds word that he intended to dine in Morristown the next 
day. This message went back: "If you dine in Morris- 
town tomorrow you will sup in hell tomorrow night." He 
was very generous to the poor and liberal to public enter- 
prises. He gave largely to the Presbyterian Church at Rock- 
away, and his grave, marked by a red sandstone slab, lies just 
in the rear of the old church edifice. 

A final incident will serve to show that there were some 
humorous features even in the soldiers' privations at Valley 

Some New Jersey Sidc-Lighis on Revolutionary Days 193 

Forge during the bleak winter of 1777 and 1778. A com- 
pany of a New Jersey regiment was in charge of the sons of 
Daniel Tuttle, of Whippany. He was something of a wag, 
as well as an efficient officer. A raw recruit came into camp 
and was quartered with Tuttle's company. He was not alto- 
gether a desirable tent companion, patriotic perhaps, but very 
filthy and covered with vermin from top to toe. Tuttle 
determined to abate the nuisance One evening at roll call he 
gave orders that his men should turn out at daybreak the next 
morning, each armed with a corncob. When the line had 
been drawn up before him he harangued them at some 
length on their performance of duty as good soldiers, how- 
ever hazardous or painful that duty might be. Then he 
marched them to the sleeping quarters of the new comer. The 
half-awake recruit was brought out and taken to a vacant 
space in camp, where a large kettle of hot water and a sup- 
ply of soap had been provided. The order was given : "Ready, 
men, strip him." It was done. "Ready, men, use your cobs," 
was the next command. Every cob was dipped into the 
kettle, and vigorously applied to the incipient soldier. When 
he had been duly scraped and scrubbed, the services of the 
camp barber were requisitioned, and at length the man. minus 
hair, whiskers and parasites, was wrapped in a blanket and 
taken back to quarters, a cleaner soldier if not a better one. 

These desultory incidents may help us to see that real 
patriotism does not require ideal conditions, but lives in aver- 
age, everyday men and women. 

In closing I wish to quote words written by our noble 
Revolutionary War Governor to Gen. Washington in one of 
the darkest hours of the struggle. It was just after the loss 
of Forts Washington and Lee on the Hudson, while the 
American army, discouraged if not demoralized, was retreat- 
ing across New Jersey; while men in the army and out of it 
were criticizing the Commander-in-Chief for reverses that 
had come through the inefficiency and disregard of orders 
by his trusted subordinates ; and while some were plotting to 
supplant him. It was then that Governor Livingston sent 

194 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

these words of confidence and encouragement, the heart of a 
man speaking to the heart of a man : 

"I can readily form some idea of the difficulties under which 
you labor, particularly one for which the public can make no 
allowance, because of your prudence and fidelity to the public; 
an instance of magnanimity superior perhaps to any that can be 
shown in battle. But depend upon it, my dear sir, an impartial 
world will do you justice before long. May God support you 
under the fatigue both of body and mind to which you must be 
constantly exposed." 

God give us men and women like these two noble patriots 
for the giant ta^k of this restless, struggling era ; men and 
women inspired by the same calm faith, the same unflinching 
courage, the same deathless devotion to the interests of religion, 
home and country ! 

«5* «5* «<5* «£* 



Elisha Parker, of Barnstable, Mass., married, on July 15, 
1657, Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel and Sarah Hinckley, sis- 
ter of Gov. Thomas Hinckley, 1680- '86, i689-'9— From Mas- 
sachusetts he removed to Staten Island and thence to Wood- 
bridge. A son, Elisha, born 1660, came with him, who married, 
first, Hannah Rolph, 1691 ; second, Ursula Crage, Sept. 27, 
1697. A son, John, born 1693, m. Janet Johnson in 1721, and 
their son James, b. 1725, m. Gertrude Skinner, establishing the 
Amboy branch of the family. A second son of Elisha, Sr., 
Samuel, is said to have married Sarah Ford or a Janet Ford, 
although the will of Samuel, of 1725, names his wife "Joanna," 
and sons Samuel, John, James and Elisha. James married 
Jane Ballareau and is known as "the printer." 

The first Elisha left no will and the date of his death is 
unknown ; few of the facts stated by other writers are certainly 
his. His son, Elisha, b. 1660, called "the merchant," was a 
rather noted member of the family. He d. in 171 7, and was 
succeeded in one or more official stations by his son John, of 

James Parker, the Printer, of IV ood bridge 195 

Amboy; while an Elisha, h. 1704 (Mother Ursula Cragc) 
was called the "weaver of Woodbridge.* 1 There was also an 
Elisha, son of John, who was a lawyer and in public lite; he 
m., in 1747, Catherine Alexander, and died in 1 75 1 . 

James Parker, the Printer. 

The foregoing is merely an introduction to a brief sketch of 
James Parker, the printer, but is warranted in view of the con- 
fusion concerning the many Elishas, and later confusion as to 
two descendants named James (the Amboy and the Wood- 
bridge James), who were two men of very different characteris- 
tics. As to James, of Amboy, see Proceedings, Xew Series, 
Vol. 5, p. 101). 

James, the printer, was a hard-working, ambitious man. 
When eleven, (his father being dead), he indentured himself 
to William Bradford, the printer (January, 1726), for eight 
years, to be taught the art and mystery of a printer and book- 
binder. In May, 1733, Bradford advertised him as having run 
away, his time not being quite up, lacking about nine months. 
It is thought likely that he found employment with Franklin in 
Philadelphia, who was then postmasver and also had his own 
printing office. Nine years later he returned to Xew York. 

In January, 1 742-^3, James Parker, with Franklin as a silent 
partner, the latter furnishing the press and "400 pounds of 
letter," started an office in New York and took over the news- 
paper of his old master, William Bradford, which he called the 
"New York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post Boy." He is 
also, in 1752, credited with a newspaper called the "Independent 
Reflector," edited by William Livingston, containing essays but 
no news ; later he declined to continue printing it on account of 
the character of the articles. "A Guide to Vestrymen" came 
from his press in 1747, and, as he was a vestryman himself, 
he probably saw the need of such a work. He associated Wey- 
man (one of his fellow apprentices while with Bradford) as 
partner and manager of the newspaper in 1754, printing the 
charter of the College of New York, later Kings, now Colum 
bia, that year. Franklin appointed him postmaster of New 
Haven in 1754, and in January, 1755, as James Parker & Co., 

196 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

the "Co." being John Holt, he brought out the "Commercial 
Gazette," and opened a printing office in New Haven. Holt 
was a brother-in-law of William Hunter, who shared the office 
with Franklin of Deputy Postmaster-General for the British 

In 175 1 Parker opened the first printing office in New Jer- 
sey at Woodbridge, his native place, of which he was made 
postmaster in 1754. Printing newspapers and holding post- 
offices seemed to go together, for a surprising number of the 
early newspapers were published by postmasters. In 1756 he 
was appointed Controller and Secretary of General Post Offices 
in the British Colonies, with territory from Quebec to Florida, 
to succeed William Franklin. In 1765 this territory was divid- 
ed, and he had charge of the Northern District ; notices show 
that mail service between New York and Philadelphia was 
controlled from Woodbridge. 

In 1743 James Parker was public printer for the Province 
of New York; was Government printer for New Jersey in 
1758; and he printed Woodbridge money and legal documents, 
being styled "King's Printer," in 1762 and until his death in 
1770. During this period he printed New Jersey laws and Leg* 
islative votes and proceedings. 

While in New Haven he printed the laws of Yale College 
in Latin, 1755. 

Among the important papers published by him was the "Eliz- 
abethtown Bill in Chancery" in 1747. It was sold for three 
pounds, and the "Answer" was printed later. Both were very 
noted and were printed at his New York office. He printed 
the second volume of the Laws of the Province of New Jersey, 
1753 to 1761, compiled by Samuel Nevill. In 1756 his bill 
for printing the votes of the House of Assembly was £61.9.6, 
and in 1768 it was £48.9.6. In 1758 he issued the new Amer- 
ican Magazine, "Sylvanus Americanus" (Samuel Nevill, Edi- 
tor). The first number of 48 octavo pages contained a "His- 
tory of North America," "The Traveler," a monthly "Miscel- 
lany," "Political Essays," "Chronological Diary," "Historical 
Chronicle" and "Naval Engagements." It is said to have been 
the first magazine in New Jersey and the second in America, 

James Parker, the Printer, of Woodbridge 197 

but as Bradford had printed the ''American Magazine" in 1757, 
and Rogers & Fowle a magazine for a few months in 1743, the 
statement is not quite correct. In 1760 his nephew, Samuel 
Farker, had charge of printing the "Post Boy," and again in 

In i764-'65 James Parker was author, printer and publisher 
of a bulky octavo volume entitled "Conductor Generalis," set- 
ting forth the powers and duties of a Justice of the Peace, an 
office he held himself, and, like his "Guide to a Vestryman," of 
1747, the office doubtless suggested the need of the book. This 
book was in great vogue for twenty years or more and was 
reprinted in 1788 by Hugh Gaine at New York. In 1766 
Parker also published a New York edition of the Stamp Act, 
which is very "are. William Nelson lists seventy-nine issues 
of the Woodbridge press from 1754-70, twenty-five orations, 
sermons, discourses and the like, the rest being acts and votes 
of the Legislature. 

The usually accepted story that Barker moved his press from 
Woodbridge to Burlington to print Smith's "History of New 
Jersey" was upset by Mr. Nelson, who declared that the facts 
were that Franklin had a press stored with Parker in New 
York, which Parker sent around to Burlington by water, as 
being less likely to receive injury from transporting. This was 
the press used, and he was negotiating with Franklin for its 
purchase, contemplating continuing an office in Burlington per- 
manently, in addition to his other office. That he had definitely 
purchased this press appears from the statement that he left one 
press at Burlington, one at Woodbridge, one at New Haven, 
and two at New York. 

He was fifty-six when he died and had been thirty years 
engaged in the printing business. His connection with Holt 
proved disastrous and his loss seems to have been heavy. Par- 
ker also had his share of the other risks that beset the printers 
of that day. In 1756 both Parker and Weyman were taken 
into custody in New York City by a sergcant-at-arms. Weyman 
on the 18th, and Parker on the 23rd, on his arrival from 
Woodbridge, for an article on the conduct of people in Ulster 
and Orange. They were discharged on the 30th, after acknowl- 

198 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

edging their fault, begging pardon of the Provincial House of 
Assembly, giving up the name of the writer of the article, and 
paying fees. The writer, the Rev. Hezekiah Watkins, mis- 
sionary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in 
Foreign Parts, who lived in Newport, was taken into custody 
and served about as Parker and W'eyman had been. Parker was 
also arrested the year of his death. This was caused by a paper 
"to the betrayed inhabitants of New York," signed "A Son of 
Liberty," and printed privately by Parker. There being a hun- 
dred pounds reward for the author, one of his journeymen 
informed against him and he was taken into custody, January 
7, 1770. Parker finally admitted that General Alexander Mc- 
Dougall was the author. McDougall refused to plead and was 
committed to prison, where he remained several months. Par- 
ker in the meantime died and the evidence against McDougall 
was lost. 

There was still another newspaper that would have brought 
Parker into serious trouble had it been proved that he printed 
it. It was called the "Constitutional Courant." Isaiah Thomas, 
in his book, 1810, "Printing and Printers," says that it was 
printed by William Goddard at Parker's press in Woodbridge, 
Parker then being engaged in Burlington printing Smith's 
"History." Goddard, who had been an apprentice of Parker's, 
had permission to use the press occasionally. 

Newspapers for the Sons of Liberty were purported to be 
printed by "Andrew Marvell, at the Sign of the Bribe, on Con- 
stitution Hill, North America," and it had a device of a serpent 
cut into eights parts, with the letters N. H., N. Y., N. J., Md., 
Va., N.C., S.C. and Ga., to represent the Colonies, with the 
motto : "Join or Die." That it was never certainly known 
whence the newspaper came is borne out by Mr. Wm. Nelson, 
who, in trying to prove its authorship, says : "A careful com- 
parison of the type found in the 'Courant' and in Pa-ker's 
New York paper convinced me that they were both printed on 
the same type," but he adds that Governor Colden said that one 
or more of the bundles of this paper had been given the post- 
riders at Woodbridge by Parker. However, there was no proof 

The Minisink Indian Trail 199 

at the time that P ) arkcr printed it and he escaped. His press at 
Wooclbridge was burned by Tories during the Revolution. 

Samuel Eugene Parker said of him: "Looking at hi- work 
as a publisher in Connecticut, New Jersey and New York, and 
his direct connection with the country from Quebec to Florida 
and London, the conclusion seems right that he was a man of 
greater importance than a modern publisher, or an Assistant 
Postmaster-General of to-day.'' A most moderate and temper- 
ate conclusion. Barber and Howe say of Parker, "that he was 
ever an opponent to the oppression of the higher power." 

James Parker married Madame Mary Ballareau, a French 
lady. Their only daughter, Jane Ballareau Parker, married 
Judge Gunning Bedford, Jr., of Wilmington, Delaware. 
James's son, Samuel Franklin Parker, was a Major in New 
Jersey State Troops and died December 6, 1779, aged 33, leav- 
ing a wife, Mary, a daughter, Mary, and a son, James Eugene 

James Parker was Captain of the Local Troop of Horse ; 
was a lay reader in Trinity Church, New York City, but was 
buried in the Presbyterian churchyard there. In his will he 
mentioned his son, Samuel Franklin Parker ; his daughter 
Jane; his brother's widow in Woodbridge (omitting name), 
and her children ; his granddaughter, Mary ; his sister, and 
his nephew, James Parker. Pie also mentioned a dwelling in 
New York City in which were his printing office, a small house, 
lot and stable ; a house and three lots in Woodbridge ; a small 
house and lot in Woodbridge ; also property in New Haven, 
pine land and saw mill in Monmouth county and land in Wyo- 
ming. His wife, Mary, was his executrix. 

ic& ic* *c& ^* 



Reference to the geological map of New Jersey shows clearly 
the southern limit of the terminal moraine of the great ice sheet 
that covered the northern part of the United States and Canada. 
This great ice age was many thousand years ago, and at the 

200 Proceedings Neiv Jersey Historical Society 

time covered the surface of the earth with a blanket of ice, 
it is judged from one to three miles in thickness. It is hard to 
realize that at one time over the land we now occupy there- 
was a sheet of ice with a depth of one to three miles in the air 
over our heads. 

The progress of this great forward moving mass of ice was 
halted by the high temperature of this region. Great deposits 
of rock, gravel, and heterogeneous detritus was carried along 
with this sea of ice and snow, and deposited where the glacie r 
was brought to a standstill. Mountains and hills were ground 
down and valleys were rilled with the rock and gravel of this 
"train of the gods." From east to west in the northern part of 
our State drumlins, eskers, kames and kettle holes show the 
presence of this great force of Nature. This deposit is readily 
traced from one side of our State to the other, and is known 
as the terminal moraine of the glacial period. The result of 
this leveling process is a pathway from the Atlantic coast to 
the Delaware river, marked by the absence of deep valleys, 
which have been filled in, and high hills which have been ground 

While the whole northern part of the State has undergone a 
grading of hills and valleys to a general level, the southernmost 
limit of the glacier is marked by a prominent deposit of drift. 
This line of deposit reaches its lowest point at Perth Amboy 
and touches the following towns in its windings across the 
State: Plainfield, YVestfield. Springfield, Summit, Chatham, 
Madison, Morristown, Denville, Rockaway, Dover, Netcong, 
Hackettstown and Belvidere. 

A person travelling over this course is struck with masses of 
rounded pebbles, large, isolated bowlders, gravel knurls and 
sand flats, rounded hills and rolling terrain. The influence of 
this surface derangement has been more far reaching than one 
may realize at first thought. 

From the earliest period of human occupation lines of travel 
have passed over the State from river to coast. The Indian 
naturally and unconsciously chose the lines of least resistance, 
and it is known that this terminal moraine served as the most 
convenient line of travel for many centuries. Implements 

The Minisink Indian Trail 201 

picked tip, camp and village sites identified, together with tradi- 
tional and manuscript evidence, point toward a highway of 
travel over the whole extent of this moraine. This Trail was 
known throughout the greater part of its extent as the Mini- 
sink Path. 

The Indians who lived in New Jersey (the Scheyichbi) were 
known as the Lenni Lenape, and were made up of the three 
sub-tribes: the Mints!, north of the Watchung Mountains; the 
Unami, in the central part as far south as a line from Camden 
to Atlantic City, and the Unilachtigo, in the southernmost part. 
The Indians who used this line of travel were the Munsi, who 
had their council fire at the Indian village of Minisink south 
of Minisink Island on the Delaware river, in Sandyston town- 
ship, Sussex county. It is possible that the Sanhicans of the 
Unami, who occupied Staten Island and Union, Middlesex and 
Monmouth counties, took limited excursions up in the country 
over this route. 

While there was a veritable network of Indian paths over the 
land of the Scheyichbi, probably the most notable is that 
known as the Minisink Trail. It can hardly be said that there 
was but one path to which this name applied, for all main paths 
that led to the great Indian village of Minisink, together with 
the smaller paths that led into the main arteries, would be 
known locally as the Minisink Path. The term Minisink Cross- 
ing was used also for a great many of the fords of stream en 
route to Minisink. 

Among the "Alexander Papers" in the New York Historical 
Library is an original map that indicates the Minisink Path. 
It connects the body of water at Shrewsberry Inlet on the 
Atlantic Coast with Minisink Island. Minisink Island lies in 
the Delaware, four miles south of Milford. Pa. From this 
point the Minisink Trail crossed the mountain over the present 
drift way to the valley of the Little Flat Brook at Hainesville. 
From hence it follows the old road directly south over the 
mountain to the Big Flat Brook, and across the mountain to 
Culver Lake. It is probable that it followed up the branch 
of the Big Flat Brook known as Stony Brook. The trail went 
north of Culver Lake and crossed the marsh and corner of the 

202 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

lake where the water is shallow. The course was directly to 
Branchville. At Augusta there were rock shelters and camp 
sites, and at Newton (Tock-hock-nock) extensive evidence 
of Indian occupation still exists. 

From Newton the path probably crossed over a zigzag course 
to Iliff's Pond, and thence east of Long Pond and Hewitt's 
Pond to Andover. From this point the route was by Panther 
Pond, Cranberry Lake and Cat Swamp over the general course 
of the present thoroughfare to Stanhope. 

Lake Hopatcong was touched at the Landing. Here the path 
followed the glacial terminal moraine to the Rockaway River, 
north of the town of Rockaway. The course of this stream was 
followed to Denville. At this point there was probably a divis- 
sion of the trail, one way going by Morristown and the other to 
Parsippany, Whippany, and north of Black Meadows to Han- 
over; thence across the Passaic over the Watchungs down 
through the Orange Reservation to Milburn and Springfield. 

Here the main path was joined by the one coming through 
Morristown, Madison, Chatham and Summit. The ford at 
Chatham was known in the early days as the Minisink Crossing. 
The path followed the river to Stanley and thence over the 
Summit and through by Baltus Roll to the Rahway River val- 

The Trail kept to the westward of the Rahway river, crossed 
the Normahiggin at Branch Mills, touched Westneld east of 
Fairview Cemetery, and kept to the eastward of the famous 
Ash Swamp (Indian name, Tamaques) ; thence through Me- 
tuchen to the Raritan at Kents Neck opposite Sayreville. On 
the north side of the river at this point was the camp of 

The trail went on from Sayreville to Morgan, where it 
crossed the Cheesequake Creek (Indian, Ches-na-quack). Here 
was a great council fire. The course was thence to Matawan, 
Wickatunk and south of Swimming river to Shrewsberry and 
Navesink rivers. 

It will be noted that the path holds closely to the terminal 
moraine from Perth Amboy to Springfield. At this point a 
path that was used a great deal branched off of the main artery 

The Mini sink Indian Trail 203 

and followed the terminal moraine to Denville, where the main 
path covered the glacial moraine to Netcong. From netcong 
another path followed the Musconetcong to Hackettstown, 
where, keeping to the moranic drift, it crossed the hill to the 
Great Meadows, and thence passed down the Pequest to the 
Indian village of Mamunkachunk on the Delaware river north 
of Belvidere. 

In the vicinity of Metuchen a path branched off and led up 
to the Forks of the Delaware at Easton. This path went 
through New Market, Bound Brook, Somerville, White House, 
High Bridge, Hampton and thence to Phillipsburg. Here we 
still have the names with the ending "cong," such as Lopatcong, 
Pohatcong, Musconetcong. At the other end of the trail along 
the coast flowing into the Raritan Bay at Keyport is a small 
stream called Luppatcong. This is rather conclusive evidence 
that there was a line of communication between the two 
streams, with names so much alike as Lopatcong and Luppat- 

Names of Indian origin along this path that still persist are: 

Minisink Watchung 

Pequest Rahway 

Musconetcong Normahiggin 

Hopatcong Metuchen 

Rockaway Raritan 

Whippany Cheesequake 

Parsippany Matawan 

Passaic Wickatunk 

Canoe Brook Navesink 

In the Delaware River north of Milford, Pa., an island in the 
river carries a name with the same ending. I refer to Mashipa- 
cong Island. Endings, such as mig, onck, ing, inny, ink, unk, we 
find at the northern end of the trail; Minisink at the southern 
Neversink ; Shawangunk against Wickatunk ; Wequashes, the 
name of Everett's Island, adjacent to Minisink Island against 
Wequahic ; Namanonck, against Conescouck, etc. It would 
appear that almost one and the same people inhabited the ter- 
mini of this ancient highway. 

This Trail was, in so far as it can be determined, a winding, 
well beaten path, some two to three feet wide. Its course was 

204 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

determined by lines of least resistance, such as dry land in wet 
weather, absence of rocks and stones, levelness of terrain, and 
had outlooks, fishing points, game forests and swamps, camp- 
ing sites, river courses, nuts, roots, berries, quarries. 

Groups of Indians would travel over this path throughout the 
whole year. They were in the habit of traveling single file 
some ten feet apart. The unincumbered warrier or hunter kept 
up a "dog trot." The burden-carrying squaws came moping 
along far behind at a slow rate, taking plenty of time. 

Probably the main purpose of this Trail was for frequenting 
the shell fisheries of the coast. Oysters, clams, scallops, whelks, 
sea snails, muscles, crabs and fish were highly relished by the 
Indians. The many shell heaps of Monmouth county about 
the mouth of the Raritan, and Shrewsbury Inlet are evidence 
of the extensive use of sea foods. Shell heaps forty to sixty 
feet in diameter and ten feet deep are not uncommon. In these 
heaps are found ash beds, fragments of pottery, stone imple- 
ments and animal bones. In some heaps bone awls are not 
unusual. This indicates that such locality was a drying station, 
and the awls were used for stringing the dried product, which 
was transported to their mountain fastnesses. Fish were also 
dried for later use. Drying was the most common means of 
preserving food. It is not uncommon to find burials beneath 
shell heaps. 

The dead were carried over this path for interment in the 
Munsee Cemetery. When an Indian died in winter the body 
was put in an out-of-the-way place. After the flesh had decayed 
from the bones, the skeletons were often taken long distances 
for burial. When Indians changed their hunting grounds they 
would often disinter their dead, bundle them up in skins and 
carry them along with them. 

Heckewelder refers to a procession of the Lenape passing 
through Bethlehem, Pa., in the later sixteen hundreds. His 
comment is to the effect that the stench was so great that peo- 
ple had to leave the town when the Indians dropped their bur- 
dens and settled down in the town for the night. 

The Mini sink Trail was used by the Indians as late as 1820. 
A story was told by Mr. Washington Bond, of Chatham, that 

The Passing of An Old Homestead 205 

his father remembered a group of Indians coming down over 
the Trail to his father's house in the year 1820. They asked 
to stay over night and were permitted to sleep in the barn. 
The next morning they paid for their lodging by giving a war 
dance for the amusement of Mr. Bond and his neighbors. This 
was the last of the Munsees, in so far as is known, to use 
the Trail, once so great a thoroughfare for the Indians of our 

A little reflection brings to mind the great influence that 
the terminal moraine of the glacial period has had on the line 
of travel across the northern part of the State. At first the 
Indians paths followed its meandering way from ocean to 
river ; next came the old stage route from Newark to Easton ; 
then the Morris Canal, Essex Canal ; then the Delaware and 
Lackawanna Railroad ; then the State automobile highway, 
and, by the landmarks of this much travelled highway, the 
aeroplane is guided in its flight. 

What wonder and astonishment would possess the aboriginal 
inhabitants of our State could they behold the marvels of this 
age as set forth on this almost forgotten highway of that early 

»?5 &> ^5 ,£* 



As one by one the old homesteads of Newark pass away, 
homesteads of old families whose story takes us back to Indian 
days, we may possibly be reminded of the lines of Longfellow 
in his "Morituri Salutamus" : 

" 'O Caesar, we who are about to die 
Salute you !' was the gladiators' cry 
In the arena, standing face to face 
With death and the Roman populace." 

For in like manner may not the old homesteads, ere they pass 

away, be allowed to salute the great city that will remain when 

the old landmarks are gone? 

'Read at the mid-winter meeting of the Woman's Branch of the New 
Jersey Historical Society held at the Nichols' homestead in Newark, 
Feb. 8, 1923. 

206 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

Of the old homesteads that still remain, that of the Nichols 
family in Washington Street is the nearest to the four corners. 
Within two blocks of Market street and Broad, it has now as 
near neighbors the lofty piles of the Telephone building and 
that of the Chamber of Commerce. At the four corners rise 
the towering pylons of the Firemen's and Kinney buildings and 
only a short distance away the great mass of the group of Pru- 
dential structures. And in all that area a somewhat polyglot 
population has come in with its viewpoints and ancestral back- 
grounds widely different from those for which the old home- 
steads of Newark stand. A new Pharoah arose in Egypt who 
knew not Joseph, and, to-day, in the busy center of our city, 
most of those who throng its streets know little or nothing of the 
ancestral ideas represented by the Washington Street home, nor 
of its history and possibly not even of its existence. 

The Nichols homestead is, as it were, a daughter, on the 
maternal side, of the Davis homestead at Bloomfield, for it was 
from there that Phebe Davis came in October, 1797, to be the 
mistress of this house, built for her as his bride, by Isaac 
Nichols. Her old Bloomfield home, at which Washington Is 
said to have dined, strongly built of stone, its walls of an un- 
usual thickness, perhaps meant to withstand Indian attacks, is 
still standing and is full of interest. It is a commodious house 
erected by Phebe's forefather, Stephen Davis, about 1676, or 
only a decade after the settlement of Newark. It was occupied 
until about fifteen years ago by succeeding generations of her 
family. A noticeable feature is the remains of a subterranean 
passage running in the direction of the church, which in early 
times served as a fort, the passage possibly being meant for es- 
cape to the fort in case of need. Only the entrance to the pass- 
age is now open. The slave quarters, of frame construction, 
erected a few feet from the house, were destroyed by fire in 

The Nichols homestead, as erected between 1795 and 1797,. 
was a two-story and attic structure, the present third story 
being added by the late Walter Smith Nichols in 1882. In its 
present form it has some thirteen rooms. The substantial 
character of the construction is seen in the heavy timbering 

The Passing of An Old Homestead 207 

of the cellar beams and in the brick lining throughout, which 
underlies the frame exterior. The present lot area runs back 
to Plane street. Up to about ten years ago the old garden 
extended three-quarters of the way to that street. Lilac bushes 
and grape vines, that still bear fruit, have survived despite the 
city gases, but the old-time flower garden, bordered by box- 
wood, has died out. A Norway spruce that rose higher than the 
house on the southern side has also died, but three horse chest- 
nut trees still remain. There were formerly four cherry trees 
and two or three pear trees. A wild cherry tree remains, but 
the raspberry and currant bushes are gone. There was an old 
corn crib, but it was taken down in the present generation. 
There were two wells and one cistern, all now disused. On the 
northern side of the property at the rear, were formerly the 
stable and carriage house. 

Within the house we meet with the heirlooms that have come 
down, not only from the Isaac Nichols, who built it, but from 
two of his sons and from several generations on the maternal 
side, all contributing their treasures and so making more or less 
of a Museum of the old house. 

In the front hall is a wool wheel that has come down from 
the days of Phebe Nichols. There is a portrait of Dr. Whitfield 
Nichols and a photograph of Dr. James Nichols, both these 
being great uncles of the present occupants of the house. They 
were born here and were well known Newark practitioners in 
their days. There is a sofa from grand parental days and a 
mahogany chair that came down from the Ward family by the 
marriage of Alexander McWhorter Nichols to a daughter of 
that family ; also a sampler made by Emma Ward, great aunt 
of the present occupants, in 1827, along with two others by her 
sisters, and more by different members of the family. 

The front living room contains a portrait over the mantel of 
Isaac Nichols. It is the work of a foreign artist. His son, 
Alexander McWhorter Nichols, is portrayed by a pastel on the 
east wall. There is a picture also of Mrs. Alexander Nichols, 
and a portrait of a grandmother on the maternal side, Mrs. 
Ira Tompkins. On the mantel is a whale oil lamp and a globe 
to an old astral lamp belonging to Isaac and Phebe Nichols. 

208 Proceedings Nciv Jersey Historical Society 

Conspicuous in this room is a spinning wheel, prohably from 
the time of Phebe Nichols. 

In the back living room is a portrait of Ira Tompkins, a 
grandfather on the maternal side of the present generation, 
and an old winding reel ; also a portrait of the late Walter S. 

On this floor there are three secretaries, one in the back 
living room belonging to Isaac and Phebe Nichols, another in 
the library belonging to Alexander, and another in the dining- 
room that belonged to his brother, Dr. Whitfield Nichols. There 
is an old sideboard with its display of ancient china, which 
also fills the plate rails around the walls and the secretary in the 
dining room. On the sideboard are a coltee urn, two candle 
sticks and two carafes. In the sideboard are several old wine 
bottles. Much of the old china in the dining room is over a 
hundred years old. The blue china was one of the wedding 
presents of Phebe Davis. In addition there are many other 
plates stored away. On the mantel are old pewter and two 
more carafes, all from the time of Isaac or Alexander Nichols. 

The Library is filled with books showing the tastes and 
inclinations of several generations. There are some ten old 
Bibles, some of them in several volumes with connotations. 
The oldest is dated 1807, and bears the name of Abigail Nich- 
ols, sister of Isaac Nichols. It was published in Philadelphia. 
Still earlier is a copy of Morse's "Geography," dating from 
1790. Another geography bears the date 1795. It was pub- 
lished at Hartford, Conn. 

One of the oldest volumes is dated 1720. It is entitled a 
"Sacramental Catechism for Communicants." It was published 
in Dundee, Scotland, and bears the name of Isaac Nichols on 
its cover. Another old book is an historical work published in 
Edinburgh in 1792. There are the works of Mark Akensidc, 
M.D., in verse and prose, published in 1802 at New Bruns- 
wick. Of more recent date are various scientific works, the 
poems of Horace, published in Philadelphia, in 181 4, and bear- 
ing the name of Dr. James Nichols. There are Greek books 
that belonged to Dr. James and Dr. Whitfield Nichols, and 
there is the well-used Hebrew Bible of the late Walter Smith 

The Passing of An Old Homestead 209 

Nichols. There is also a copy of the first American edition of 
Dickens' "Martin Chuzzlewit," published by Harpers in 1844. 

In the front living room is the much prized soup ladle made 
from the mounting of the sword presented to Captain Robert 
Nichols, who rendered great assistance to General Washington 
when the British Army passed through New Jersey. The mem- 
ory of this great-great-grandfather of the present occupants of 
the house and of the valiant services he rendered in the Revolu- 
tionary War, in which he served as Captain with the Second 
Regiment, Essex County, New Jersey, militia, is greatly hon- 
ored by his descendants and is kept green by the New York 
Chapter of the D. A. R., named after him. An account book 
kept by this Captain Robert Nichols from 1760 on is of much 
interest. There are references to the date of his marriage and 
comments on the political situation. "This is the last day of 
liberty if the Stamp Act takes place, long to be remembered," 
he writes, under date of October 29, 1765. 

In the library also are copies of wills of some five generations 
of the family, deeds to property, various diplomas and other 
records. A collection of old tax and census records between 
the years 1817 and 1823 is also full of interest. This was the 
work of Isaac Nichols, who was tax assessor of Newark town- 
ship at that time. Of interest also is the manumission paper 
executed by Isaac Nichols, May, 1822, freeing a female slave, 
Eunice. In his marriage with Phebe Davis, two slaves formed 
part of her dowry, along with much old blue china. 

The second floor contains furniture, some of it very old. 
In the front room is a bed spread made by Mrs. Isaac Nichols 
and bearing her name and the date 181 3. In the hall, on this 
floor, is a desk of San Domingo mahogany, date unknown. 

On the third floor there is a cradle, dating from the time of 
Isaac Nichols or earlier; and an old-time sled dating from the 
boyhood days of Caleb Ward, the great-great-grandfather of 
the present occupants, and one room for old-time things, to- 
gether with homespun sheets, laces and other articles. 

In the cellar is a wine bin that recalls the hospitality of the 
old days, when sturdy Puritanism saw no wrong in the rightful 
use of these things. 

210 Proceedings Nezv Jersey Historical Society 

Only briefly in this short sketch have the leading objects 
of interest in this old house been touched upon. If time per- 
mitted, something might not inappropriately be said about 
events that have taken place in this old residence during the 
hundred and thirty years of its existence. More should have 
undoubtedly been said about the large collection of books, the 
reference to which has been very inadequate, but it must here 
suffice to deal with the history of the house and its heirlooms. 

The heritage of the old Homestead and also of the First 
Presbyterian Church, the place of worship of this family 
for many generations, remain to-day the nearest of all the 
links with the past to the busy center of our city's life. 

1&r$ tpm ^y% %0*i 



When we consider the early importance of Elizabethtown. 
for many years the seat of government of New Jersey, we are 
forcibly impressed by the fact that it was not until the year 
1785, more than a century after its. settlement, that the first 
printing press was established in this town. In April of that 
year Shepard Kollock, who, for about a year and a half, had 
conducted a newspaper and printing office in New Brunswick. 1 
removed his press from that place to Elizabethtown. Dur- 
ing the period Kollock was at New Brunswick, his office was 
at first located in the old Barracks, a building which had been 
erected by the Province about 1758 for the quartering of Brit- 
ish troops, which were stationed from time to time in that sec- 
tion of New Jersey. After a few weeks he removed to the 
house of Ellit Crissy in Market street, and subsequently to 
Queens College (now Rutgers College), where he continued 
the publication of his weekly paper, 'The Political Intelligen- 
cer and New Jersey Advertiser." The last issue of this paper 
with the New Brunswick imprint was that of April 5, 17S5, 
No. 78. 

'At first in partnership with Shelly Arnett and, after July 6, 17S4, by 
Kollock alone. 

Forgotten Elizabethtown Newspaper, "Essex Patriot" 211 

Upon his removal to Elizabcthtown, Shepard Kollock 
opened an office in the old "White House," 2 famed for having 
been built and occupied by Philip Carteret, the first Governor 
of the Colony of New Jersey. Here he continued the publica- 
tion of his paper without change of title or numbering, the 
first issue appearing on April 20, 1785. While there was no 
break in the numbering, it will be noted, doubtless by reason 
of his removal, that the issue for April 12, 1785, was not pub- 
lished. The last issue with this title was that of May 3, 1786, 
Vol. 3, No. 133. With the issue of May 10, 1786, No. 134, the 
paper appeared as "The New-Jersey Journal and Political In- 
telligencer," and continued to be published under this title for 
about six years. With the issue of June 13, 1792, No. 452, the 
name was shortened to "The New-Jersey Journal" and, later, 
with the issue of August 21, 1798, it was further shortened to 
"New-Jersey Journal," under which title it continued for many 
years to be published by Elizabethtown's first printer. 3 From 
1785 until the year 1803 the "New-Jersey Journal" was the 
only paper published in Elizabethtown. 

In 1798 John Woods, who had for several years conducted 
a printing office in Newark, and was the editor and publisher 
of "Woods' Newark Gazette" from its establishment in 1791 
until its transfer to other proprietors in 1797, removed to 
Poughkeepsie, New York, where for over two years he printed 
and published the "American Farmer and Dutchess County 
Advertiser." As this venture evidently did not meet with 
success, he returned to New Jersey in the fall of 1800, and 
in December of that year opened an office in Elizabethtown 
"near Woodruff's Landing" (now known as Spring street, be- 
tween Elizabeth avenue and the Elizabeth river), later re- 
moving to "opposite Judge Chetwood's" (Washington avenue 
near its junction with Pearl street). For about three years 
he conducted a general printing office, the product of his press 

'For an account of the "White House," see Ernest L. Meyer's "The 
Site of the First Government House of New Jersey" in these Pro- 
ceedings, Vol. Ill, pp. 53-61. 

'Shepard Kollock retired from the newspaper and printing business 
September 1, 1818. 

212 Proceedings Nciv Jersey Historical Society 

being principally legal forms and broadsides, but he also printed 
a number of pamphlets, almanacs and a few books. In the 
latter part of 1S03 Woods began the publication of Elizabeth- 
town's second newspaper, the "Federal Republican," which 
continued for a little over a year. Under date of May 5, 1804, 
he advertised in the "New-Jersey Journal" that he was "about 
to remove out of the State," and referred to the recent dis- 
continuance of his paper. Of this paper there is but one 
known copy, that of June 21, 1803, which is in the library of 
the American Antiquarian Society at Worcester, Mass. 

The Essex Patriot 

Upon the discontinuance of the "Federal Republican," the 
"New-Jersey Journal'" remained without a rival for more 
than eight years. In the latter part of October, 181 2, Galen 
L. Austin and Lewis Deare, under the firm name of G. L. Aus- 
tin & Co., opened a book and stationery store, also a printing 
and lottery oftice, on Water street (now Elizabeth avenue), 
next door to the post-office, and in December began the print- 
ing and publication of Elizabethtown's third newspaper, the 
"Essex Patriot." The first issue, Vol. 1, No. i, 4 appeared on 
Tuesday, December 1, 181 2. It was a weekly publication of 
four pages, large royal folio (12J/2 in. by 20 in.), well printed 
and in keeping with the standard of newspapers in that day. 
The prospectus found in the first issue reads as follows : 

"Proposal by G. L. Austin & Co. to publish in Elizabeth 
Town, New Jersey, a newspaper, to be entitled ESSEX PA- 


"The Editors intend, if a liberal patronage be afforded, that 
the paper shall appear in a dress worthy of that patronage. 

" 'Hear both sides' is undoubtedly a correct axiom — assum- 
ing this as granted, it cannot be denied that the present moment 
peculiarly calls for the dissemination of a periodical paper in 
East Jersey, where for a long time the people have been accus- 
tomed to hear only one side of the important questions which 
have recently, and now are agitating our country. 

*The only known copy of the first issue of this newspaper is in the 
library of the New Jersey Historical Society. 

Forgotten Elisabeth town Nciuspapcr, "Essex Patriot" 213 

"The object of the paper now offered is to communicate in 
an impartial manner such information as may enable its readers 
to form a correct estimate of passing events; to effect this, the 
editors promise to exert the utmost industry. It is deemed 
unnecessary to multiply professions and promises ; the paper 
will in a few days be before the public, and if it possess merit 
then discrimination will not be slow to discern, nor their liber- 
ality to encourage the undertaking. 


"I. The Essex Patriot shall be published every Tuesday 
Morning. It shall be printed in large royal folio, on fine paper, 
and with a fair type. 

"II. The price shall be two dollars per annum, payable Half 
Yearly in Advance. The paper will be delivered by carriers in 
Elizabeth-Town and Newark ; the proximity of Newark to the 
place of publication, and the facility with which communica- 
tions may be made, will render this paper a vehicle of equal 
accommodation as an advertiser for both places; to insure a 
proper attention to patrons in Newark, an office will be estab- 
lished there for receiving communications and transacting all 
business relating to the Essex Patriot. 

"III. The earliest conveyances will be embraced for circu- 
lating the paper in the country ; it is particularly requested 
that subscribers at a distance will form classes, appointing their 
papers to be left at convenient public places in the neighborhood 
of their residence. 

"IV. Advertisements not exceeding a square will be inserted 
three times for One Dollar ; yearly or quarterly advertisers 
will have a reasonable reduction ; attached to the office will be 
a choice selection of types for the execution of ornamental 
printing of every description in the best styles. 

"***The postage on all communications to the Editor must 
be paid." 

To extend their activities and promote a more extensive cir- 
culation, an office was established in Newark at the book and 
stationery store of George Weller, "a few doors south of 
Market street," where communications and advertisements 
could be left up to Monday evening of each week for insertion 
the following day. Arrangements were also made whereby the 
"Essex Patriot" would be issued from the Newark office as 

214 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

early on the morning of publication as it could be obtained in 

That the proprietors anticipated a wide circulation is shown 
by their making provision to have subscriptions received in 
various parts of the State. In New Brunswick they were rep- 
resented by the booksellers, C. D. Green & Company ; in 
Princeton by Nevins & Houston; in Springfield by William 
Steele and Jonas Wade, Esquires; in Bridge-Town (now a 
part of Rahway) by S. C. Morgan, merchant; in Milton by 
Mr. Abel Clarkson ; in New Market by Mr. Joel Dunn, and in 
Six Mile Run by Doctor Ferdinand Schcnck. Representatives 
were to be established in additional towns as soon as necessary 
arrangements could be made. 

The Whig principles of Kollock's "New Jersey Journal" 
were recognized as a potent political inlluence throughout the 
greater part of East Jersey, partly because of its lengthy exis- 
tence, but mainly because of the confidence reposed by the 
public at large in the policies of the editor, whose broad vision 
and intensely patriotic motives were seldom if ever questioned 
by the most ardent followers of Alexander Hamilton. As 
shown in their prospectus, G. L. Austin & Co. sought to pro- 
mote their interests by supporting the pacific principles of 
Federalism, and dwelt at length upon the desirability of pre- 
senting to their readers both sides of the many important ques- 
tions of the day, the foremost of which was the aggressive pol- 
icy of the Administration in the War of iSi2-'i5, which was 
being strenuously defended by Kollock. 

The proprietors of the "Essex Patriot," in endeavoring to 
combat the influence of the "New-Jersey Journal," soon ex- 
perienced the opposition of patriotic Whigs, whose hostility 
to the cause of Federalism found expression in public utter- 
ances against their publications as an exponent of Peace-at- 
any-Price principles. Undoubtedly the majority of the Whigs 
were swayed more by party feeling than by any personal dif- 
ferences with the editors of the "Patriot." However, there 
were others who, incapable of thinking for themselves and 
incited by the views expressed by men of high standing, were 

Forgotten Elicabethtoivn Newspaper, "Essex Patriot" 215 

prompted to look upon these differences in political opinion as 
matters of a personal nature, which seemed to warrant physical 
interference in the affairs of the proprietors. 

Anonymous letters of a threatening character had already 
been received at the printing office when, in the issue of March 
9, 181 3, the editors made public in their columns a communi- 
cation of such nature, and expressed their position as follows: 

"We received a few days ago an anonymous letter from 
some of our liberal minded neighbors, written in the true 
spirit of Democracy. As far as it related to our own interest 
or persons we should have treated the thing with silent con- 
tempt ; but as it stands connected with the interest of the com- 
munity and is expressive of the sentiments of a set of men 
who call themselves Republicans, we feel ourselves bound to 
give the letter publicity. Here it is : 

" 'Your damd tory paper will be serve a Baltimore trick if 
dont quit printing federal lies about the republicans, if your 
shop is burnt down and your ears out of tis not any more than 
what you desarve and will get.' 

"We shall only remark that we will scrupulously avoid pub- 
lishing lies against any man, or set of men; but if inadvert- 
antly we are led into erroneous statements, our pages shall at 
all times be open to a refutation, and we will cheerfully retrace 
our steps as soon as we make the discovery. But the truth 
we have a right to tell, and the truth we will tell, in despite 
of the diabolical threats of cut-throats or incendiaries. If the 
truth should gall our political adversaries, they must blame 
those who furnish us with subject matter for severe criticism, 
and not the printer, for representing 'things as they are.' ' 

Whether, as the result of accident or in fulfilment of the 
foregoing threat, the printing office and book store of G. L. 
Austin & Co. were totally destroyed by fire between the hours 
of 12 and 1 on the morning of Oct. 20th, 1S13. 5 The last issue 
of the "Essex Patriot" prior to the fire was numbered 47 and 
was published on Oct. 19th. While we may naturally pre- 
sume that the destruction of the printing office would cause 
at least a temporary suspension of the publication, there is 
nothing to prove that such was the case. The issue of Nov. 

'New-Jersey Journal," No. 1565, Oct. 26, 1813. 

"Nathaniel N. Halstead & Company's store was on Water street (now 
Elizabeth ave.), next door to the Union Hotel, which stood on the 
N. E. corner of Broad street and Elizabeth avenue. 

T The issues of Lewis Deare's New Brunswick press cover the period 

216 Proceedings Nciv Jersey Historical Society 

23, 181 3, was numbered 52, which definitely established that 
no break occurred in the numbering, but in this issue the 
proprietors inserted the following notice, which would seem to 
indicate that, if no interruption had taken place, the issues for 
October 26, November 2, 9 and 16, were most probably printed 
in New Brunswick : 

"To Our Patrons. — The Essex Patriot will be published 
on Tuesday next at New Brunswick. It will then be recom- 
menced at Elizabeth-Town and continued, as usual, once a 
week. An address from the Editor will appear in the next 
paper which will commence the New Series." 

There are, however, certain circumstances which strengthen 
the theory that, at most, only one issue lapsed, that of Oct. 
26, 1813. The proprietors in a notice, dated Nov. 1, stated 
that "communications and advertisements intended for the Es- 
sex Patriot will meet prompt attention, if left for the present at 
the store of Messrs. N. N. Halstead & Company* in Elizabeth." 
The proprietors, in thus assuring the public, only twelve days 
after the fire, that advertisements would meet with "prompt 
attention," inclines us to the belief that they had already re- 
sumed operations, or were in a position to do so without further 

The only objection to be urged against the possibility of their 
having re-established an office in so brief a time is that of the 
delay which would naturally attend the locating of adequate 
quarters, and the procuring and installing of new equipment. 
That the continuance of their paper was not entirely dependent 
upon the immediate establishment of a new office, however, is 
obvious when we recall that Galen L. Austin's partner, Lewis 
Deare, was at that time conducting a printing office in New 
Brunswick, 7 and, under date of September 18, 181 2, issued 
there proposals for the publication of a weekly newspaper to 


Forgotten Elisabethtoum Newspaper, "Essex Patriot" 21 7 

be known as "The Mirror." 8 Since adequate facilities were 
available at New Brunswick and the proprietors stated, under 
date of November 23, that the paper was being printed in 
that city, it is reasonable to presume that the printing and pub- 
lishing of the "Patriot" was transferred to New Brunswick 
immediately after the fire. 

Besides the printing shop, lottery office, book p:id stationery 
store, Lewis Deare established a circulating library for the 
use of subscribers. While the Elizabethtown Library Com- 
pany, founded in 1792, was still in existence, and the Mechan- 
ics' Library was available to its members, the circulating library 
of Lewis Deare appears to have been well received by the peo- 
ple of the vicinity. 

Although a careful examination of contemporary records 
fails to disclose much of a definite character concerning the 
relative responsibilities of the partners, it is reasonably certain 
that Deare's interests at New Brunswick required but limited 
attention, and that the remainder of his time was divided 
between creating an interest in the circulating library and man- 
aging the book, stationery and lottery business. These several 
enterprises, however, were operated under the name of Lewis 
Deare and, although conducted in the store connected with the 
office of the "Essex Patriot," appear to have been independent 
ventures on his part, and in no way associated with the affairs 
of G. L. Austin & Co. 

As an indication of the favor in which lotteries were held, 
it is interesting to note that upon opening his office Deare had 
already been appointed agent for the following lotteries : 
"Queen's College Lottery No. 1," which was drawing three 
days in each week at New Brunswick ; "Union College Lot- 
tery No. 4," being drawn in New York City, and the "Susque- 
hanna Grand Canal Lottery" of Baltimore. In addition to the 
sale of tickets, he kept on file regular lists of all drawings and 
very obligingly paid the fortunate adventurers "in hard cash" 
the full amount of their prizes as soon as drawn. 

"Deare continued to publish his proposals until as late as January 
13, 1813 (see "Essex Patriot," Vol. 1. No. 7). but, as no issue of this 
paper is known to be extant, it is probable that he did not meet with 
sufficient encouragement to warrant the undertaking. 

2lS Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

While it is highly probable that Deare had a controlling inter- 
est in the "Essex Patriot," we have seen that other pursuits 
demanded the whole of his attention. Thus the entire respon- 
sibility of editing and publishing the paper devolved upon Aus- 
tin. Such proprietary rights as Austin may have had in the 
business appear to have been lost or relinquished at or very 
shortly after the destruction of his office. This opinion is 
strengthened by the following notice, dated November II, 
1813, wherein attention is called to the dissolution of the firm 
of G. L. Austin & Co. 

"Notice. — The co-partnership of G. L. Austin and Co. was 
dissolved, by mutual consent, on the 10th instant [Nov. 10, 
1813]. Those indebted to the late concern at Elizabeth-Town 
of G. L. Austin & Company, or to Lewis Deare, are requested 
to remit the amount to L. Deare at New Brunswick, or to pay 
the same to Messrs. N. N. Halstead & Co. at Elizabeth-Town, 
and to present any demands either to that house, or apply to L. 
Deare. An agent will also call on most of the patrons of the 
Essex Patriot, to receive their respective dues. 

"Lewis Deare 
G. L. Austin." 

After the partnership of G. L. Austin & Co. was dissolved, 
both Austin and Deare returned to New Brunswick. The last 
mention we find concerning Austin occurs in the year 181 5, 
when, for a brief time, he was engaged in publishing the [New 
Brunswick] "Guardian." 

On June 1, 1815, Lewis Deare and William Meyer, under 
the firm name of Deare & Meyer, established the [New Bruns- 
wick] "Times." This venture, like that of the "Essex Patriot," 
was short lived so far as Deare was concerned, the firm being 
dissolved in the fall of 181 7, and the publication continued by 
Meyer. As no subsequent reference is made to any newspaper 
published by either Austin or Deare, we feel inclined to believe 
that their unsuccessful efforts in New Brunswick terminated 
their journalistic endeavors. 

The "Essex Patriot," on or about Dec. 1, 1813, became the 
property of Russel Canfield, and under his management con- 
tinued to be published in Elizabethtown on Tuesdays. It was 
printed on a larger sheet, measuring 13^ in. by 2lJ^ in., and 

A Young Man's Journal of 1800-1813 219 

appeared under a new series of numberings, but the quality 
of paper, printing and general appearance was not up to the 
standard established by Austin & Co. While the last issue 
located, Vol. II, Xo. IV, is that of Dec. 21, 1813,° it is hoped 
that other issues may be discovered which will determine how 
long this forgotten newspaper of Elizabethiown continued to 
be published. 10 

J* J Jt # 


[Continued from Page 154] 

"1806, Dec. 15. — Latterly I have written a number of little 
poetic pieces and sent them to be inserted in the 'Museum;' 
they have honored me so much as to print them all and I begin 
to have vanity almost enough to think I am half a poet. 

"21. — Went this day to Mrs. Chrystie's and spent the day 
there. In the afternoon James, Thomas and I went and heard 
Doctor Mason deliver an excellent sermon. I think him a very 
great and able preacher indeed. He speaks with such force and 
delivers his ideas so emphatic, that the audience is compelled 
to pay attention, and, while doing this, he forces conviction into 
the most incredulous mind. In short, few preachers ever ac- 
quire to so much eminence, and very few excel him in the ora- 
tory which beams from his sacred desk. 

"24. — This being Christmas eve., a very serious riot took 
place in front of St. Peter's Church. The Highlanders insulted 
the Roman Catholics in their devotion. The Irish agreed to 
meet them tomorrow evening in Augustus street and fight it 

"25. — This day was appointed by the clergy and corporation 
as a day of Thanksgiving and prayer, for the unusual health 
of the city the past season. I went to church morning and 

'In the library of the New Jersey Historical Society. 

10 The New Jersey Historical Society has the following issues of the 
Essex Patriot: Vol. I, No. 1, Dec. 1, 1812; Vol. I. No. 15. March 9, 
1813; Vol. 1, No. 52. Nov. 23, 1813 (incomplete); Vol. II, Nos. 3 and 
4, Mar. 14 and 21, 1813. 

'The writer is now living in New York City, and references made in 
the "Journal," if not otherwise stated, arc to events in that city. 

220 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

afternoon. According to appointment this evening, about 7 
o'clock, the Irish, to the number of about 150, assembled in 
Augustus street to fight the Highlanders, notice thereof being 
given to the watch; about 20 repaired to the place to suppress 
the riot. Immediately the infuriated Irish flew at them with 
clubs and every other weapon they could procure, and in a very 
short time the mob arose to that pitch of 'phrensy' that they 
alarmed the whole city. In the contest between the rioters and 
the watchmen one of the latter, a native citizen, was stabbed 
with a stiletto and expired on the spot and several others were 
dangerously wounded. The Mayor and Aldermen imme- 
diately ordered the troops to repair with them to the place 
where the mob were, and, fortunately, took about 20 of them 
to Bridewell, and at last succeeded in suppressing the riot. 

"26. — This night the light horse and artillery paraded the 
streets all night to keep order. The troops prevented further 
disturbance. This evening we had the pleasure of seeing 
Mr. John T. Bray, who came on a visit to this place. The good 
friends at Lebanon are all well, except Mrs. Andrew Bray; 
she is indisposed. 

"29. — This evening Mrs. Chrystie, Mrs. Todd, Mrs. Howe, 
Miss McKissick, Mr. Jas. and Mr. A. Chrystie spent the after- 
noon and drank tea with us. Fine old ladies indeed. Johnny 
Bray went to the play, after seeing the ladies safe home ; 1 also 
went to the theatre. 'Macbeth' was performed. 

"31. — This evening Mr. J. T. Bray and myself went to the 
theatre. Saw the 'Tragedy of Venice.' Liked it much. Some 
part excited the keenest sensibility. Afterpiece, 'Love Laughs 
at Locksmiths.' Quite a laughable thing. But the Twaits 
make it so. 

"1807, Jan. 6. — Attended a party this evening at Mr. John 
Haggerty's in Pearl street, though I must confess it was much 
against my inclination ; for, somehow or other, this sometime 
past, I take the most pleasure in retirement. At 6 o'clock Dr. 
James Hunt, Mr. VanBuren, Mr. Gregory and myself went 
down; we found a number of very nice ladies there, viz., Miss 
Cooper, Miss Van Zant, Miss Underbill, Miss Teers, Miss 

A Young Man's Journal of 1800-1813 221 

Tuttle, Miss Haggerty, Mrs. Andrew Ogden, Mr. and Mrs. 
Sinnon, etc. We were agreeably and sumptuously entertained. 

"14. — At 8 o'clock started for Stanhope, N. J. Crossed the 
North River at 10; got a saddle horse, rode to Newark, called 
at Elipha Johnson's, rode to Orange, met Col. Shaver, who 
informed me Brother Sammy had gone on that day to New 
York. I, therefore, concluded to finish my business in Orange 
and postpone going to Stanhope. Returned to Newark. Dined 
at Tuttle's, arrived at the Hook at 4 P. M., crossed the river 
and got home by sunset. Found Brother Sammy at our house. 

"Feb. 2. — In the store all day. This morning concluded on 
going to Morris county in order to secure the debt due us 
from S. & A. Dickerson, being about one thousand dollars. 

"3. — At 10 A. M. crossed the North River and took stage 
for Morristown. Dined at Newark. Arrived at Morristown 
at sunset. Called on Mr. Russel, Mr. Canneld and Mr. Ford. 
Returned to Mr. Coe's at 9 P. M. and put up. 

"4. — After breakfast, walked down to Mr. Ford's, engaging 
him in the suit, and took out an attachment against the goods, 
chattels and effects of Aaron Dickerson. After dinner the 
Sheriff and I rode up to Sucasunny Plains and from thence to 
Stanhope. Returned that night to the Plains and stayed 
all night at Mr. Howell's. 

"7. — Mr. Day and I took a sleigh ride. Went to New Ver- 
non and returned. Saw Miss Vanarsdale and Miss Kinney. 
This afternoon Mr. Sayre took me in his sleigh to Springfield. 
Delivered a letter from Miss Eliza Vanarsdale to Miss Eliza 
Denman. Expect the Swiftsure stage at 9 tomorrow morning, 
by which I expect to go to New York. 

"8. — Waited the whole day and no stage yet. This evening 
Mr. Stockton, Mr. Schenck and myself walked over to Mr. 
Denman's and drank tea. The Miss Denmans are certainly 
very charming ladies, particularly Miss Eliza. This evening 
the stage came in ; was detained by the ice in the Delaware. 

"9. — At 7 A. M. set out in the stage. Breakfasted at New- 
ark. Arrived at the Hook at 11 A. M. A prospect of being 
detained here for some time, the ice runs so thick. Yester- 
day a boat with a woman and two children and four men 

222 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

started to cross ; they were caught in the ice and carried to the 
Narrows, where they are yet. 

"Mar. 22. — Now it is Sunday again. I'll now sit down and 
think, and, what I think, I will write. It is a charming morn- 
ing in the spring of the year. I could not help a thought of 
this kind. But ah ! there are others that now fast obtrude 
themselves : 

"I love to meet the ray of morn, 

When summer's radiance gilds the vale; 
While on angelic pinions borne. 

Calm pleasure floats upon the gale; 
The smiling morn, the dewy field, 
A thousand varied beauties yield; 
But lovlier, brighter charms I view 
In Susan's eyes of heavenly blue. 

"I've seen the rose and tulip blow 

With many a flower of brilliant dye, 
And on the picture's vivid glow 
I've dwelt with fascinated eye. 
Sweet are the painter's magic powers, 
And sweet the times of opening flowers ; 
But neither yet could boast a hue 
Like Susan's eyes of heavenly blue. 

"The smiles of mirth I love to greet 
Among the happy, gay and fair ; 
This pleasing then ; but far more sweet 
To meet my gentle Susan there. 
'Twas bliss — 'twas rapture — when I prest 
The lovely girl — And oh ! how blest 
A kind consenting glance I drew 
From Susan's eyes of heavenly blue." 

"April 20. — This day sold John Van Deren $2,000 worth of 
goods. He is about commencing a new store at Knowlton, in 
Sussex. A more worthy, friendly, generous and humane man 
never existed. 

"June 3. — After dinner Mrs. [William] Van Deren, her sis- 
ter and myself started for Long Island. Crossed the East 
river ; Brooklyn looks better at a distance ; like many other 
things don't bear examination. Flatbush — rode through so 
fast, forgot to look at it. Country beautiful; elegant fields of 
grain. New Utrecht; a lovely villa some superior order of 
beings put in such taste. Haystack church, round like a 
churn; queer people these. Bath — what a delightful, charming 
seat. Returning found Flatbush a handsome little village, 

A Young Man's Journal of 1800-1813 223 

with a handsome college( ?) in it. People tried to make a con- 
founded fuss about nothing at all, by firing a cannon about 50 

"22. — This morning rode with dear Rosaline about 2 miles 
above Bloomingdale as far as Mr. De Puyster's, 9 miles out 
and returned to breakfast. 

"June 29. — This morning, at 4 o'clock, Mr. Bray and I got 
up, and started in a gig to take a morning ride. At Harden* 
brook called and sat a few minutes; Harlem, 9 miles our, small 
village, good place to run horses ; crossed over to Blooming- 
dale and called at Taylor's ; arrived home at 8 o'clock ; rode 
about 20 miles. 

"July 2. — Rode out this morning as far as Hardenbrook ; 
returned and attended a very large meeting at 12 in the Park 
to express the detestation of the horrid cruelty of the British :. 
the citizens of this place manifest; a number of spirited reso- 
lutions were passed. We condemn the outrage of the English 
ship-of-war firing on the American frigate 'Chesapeake' and 
killing 3 men and wounding 23 more. The resolutions avow the 
determination of maintaining the honor and dignity of the 
United States, with the fortunes and lives of the citizens. 

"July 4. — This morning had the pleasure of walking to Mr. 
Taylor's with Miss B., at which place she had engaged to spend 
part of the day, after which I went on to the Battery. All the 
independent uniform troops of the city assembled at early hour, 
under the command of General Morton ; at 8 they were 
reviewed by General Stephens and performed a number of evo- 
lutions, after which they marched in handsome order through 
a number of streets and returned to the Battery ; fired a fu de 
joye and were dismissed. The defiant machinick (?) then 
walked in procession in handsome order. The evening of the 
day proved rainy which deprived me of the pleasure of taking 
a lovely girl to Vauxhall gardens, where fireworks, etc., were 
to have been exhibited. 

"Aug. 17. — This morning I had the pleasure to find that my 
dear Roseline 1 and her brother had concluded, through my 

^'Rosaline," was a poetic name often piven by Mr. Johnson to his 
lady love, Miss Susan Bray, of Lebanon, N. J., whom lie later married. 

224 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

persuasions, to accompany me to the Springs. Accordingly, 
at 8 o'clock we all set out on horseback ; rode through a roman- 
tic, hilly country seven miles ; called at the Spread Eagle, drank 
some milk punch ; arrived at Schooley Mountain Spring at 4 
P. M. Drank some of the celebrated healing water; was di- 
verted with a charming, lively, smart little girl, about 2 l / 2 
years old, daughter of a British Captain of man-of-war. 
Walked up the creek, sang a few songs, got our horses and 
started on. Rode through Blairstown, poor looking place ; 
passed some very bad roads; got lost; at sunset arrived at 
Mrs. C's, and there ended our journey. I once more, through 
the goodness of Malvina, had the happiness of spending a few 
hours with my Rosaline. 

"19. — This day saw all my friends at Court, particularly my 
best friend, Mr. John Van Deren. 

"26. — Called to see Mrs. Haines and Miss Amelia Ogdcn, 
who came yesterday from New York. Morris Ogden, Tobias 
Boudinot, Moses Stiles and myself went on a fishing voyage. 
Got the boat and rode down to the Big Spring. Saw a school 
of large and beautiful trout ; caught two fine large trout and 
a number of other fish. At 4 P. M. started home and dined 
at Strong's in Newton. 

"27. — Breakfasted at my father's; walked over to Brother 
David's and dined ; returned to Newton. 

"Sept. 3. — Started for New York — called at my father's. 
Leaving my friends at different times, or bidding them fare- 
well, there is none of my relatives that excites in me more 
sensibility than my good aged father; he seems very near and 
dear to me, and always in giving me his hand speaks so feel- 
ingly and paternally, that I am unable to restrain my rising 
emotions. Sincerely do I pray that the evening of his days 
may be as happy as the morning and meridian of his life were 
virtuous and respectable. Rode to Marksborough ; saw Ja- 
cob S. Thomson and Doctor Ilendrick. 

"20. — This morning went to Church ; heard my grand- 
father. Afternoon went again and heard an excellent ser- 
mon by Doctor Miller. Walked to Mrs. Stuart's. Saw the 
Major. Matt, was in high glee; called at Mrs. Todd's. 

A Young Man's Journal of 1S00-1S13 225 

[There follows on November 7th a very lengthy composi- 
tion on the beauty of the stars, indicating great love for as- 
tronomy and considerable knowledge of it]. 

"Nov. 27. This morning my good and worthy Father came 
to town on a visit to his unworthy son. I was invited to pay a 
groom's visit to Mr. James McGee; Thos. Chrystie and I went. 
He has taken a house below the theatre in Chatham Row. 

"29. — Accompanied my father to White Hall on His way 
home, where he took passage to Elizabeth Town point. In 
bidding my aged parent adieu I was quite melted into tears. 
His age, kindness and affection, and the idea of an only parent 
so rushed on my mind, that I could not stifle the rising emo- 
tion. Particularly when I shook him by the hand and he said 
so feelingly, "Son, 1 wish you perfect happiness/' His good- 
ness seemed to me never to have any bounds ; his greatest 
happiness was the welfare of his children. 

"I feel no disposition of going to church to-day. I yester- 
day bought Carrs' 'Travels in Holland.' Can't say I was as 
much entertained as in reading his travels through France. 

"Dec. 8. — This morning at ten o'clock I received the melen- 
coly news of John VanDeren being at the point of death. 1 
immediately sent Mr. Miller to White Hall to see if the Point 
stage had started ; this proved to be the case. 

"9. — Mr. William VanDeren and I started in the stage from 
the Flook. Arrived at Springfield : dined at Morristown ; 
arrived at Succasunny Plains. Capt. Hynchman (reported) 
Mr. VanDeren getting better. Arrived at Squire Hunt's at 
10 P. M. ; left the stage and took his horse and chair, and at 
2 o'clock in the night arrived at Mr. VanDeren's in Knowlton, 
where we found him better, but extremely low and dangerous. 

"26. — Arrived in New York, where with deep concern I 
found the Port of New York in a state of rigorous blockade by 
an Act of Congress, a measure which I fear will be ruinous to 

[Concluded in Next Number] 

226 Proceedings Nezv Jersey Historical Society 


Inasmuch as in October, at the annual meeting of the New 
Jersey Historical Society, a full report for the year is presented 
by the President of the Woman's Branch of the Society and is 
thereafter published, we present now only such features of 
the minutes of the Midwinter Board meeting of February, and 
of the Annual meeting in May, 1923, as it seems desirable to 

The Midwinter Board Meeting 

This was held on Feb. 8, 1923, at the residence of the Misses 
Nichols, 313 Washington street, Newark. The President, Mrs. 
Cutler, presided, and twelve members were present. Balance in 
bank reported, $604.87. New members proposed and elected 
were Mrs. Edgar L. Brown, and Mrs. Robert J. Porter of 
Jersey City, Mrs. Lloyd W. Grover, of Princeton, and Miss 
Alice Zellcy of Burlington. 

Miss Haines, of Burlington, spoke of a meeting at Trenlon to 
consider the formation of "The Federated Historical Socie- 
ties," whose duty it should be to preserve historical records, and 
it was decided to appoint Miss Hudnut, of Princeton, to repre- 
sent the Woman's Branch at an adjourned meeting at Trenton 
on March 6th. 

President Lum of the N. J. Historical Society extended 
greetings to the members and gave a brief sketch of the late 
Mr. Walter S. Nichols, after which Air. J. Lawrence Boggs 
read a paper prepared by Mr. Walter J. Kidd upon "The 
Passing of an Old Homestead," being an account of the Nich- 
ols' home and its relics. [This paper appears elsewhere in this 
number. — Editor] . 

The Misses Nichols then presented the main Society with 
some invaluable records of early Newark as kept by her great- 
grandfather, Isaac Nichols, a gift appreciatively accepted by 
President Lum. 

The Annual May Meeting 
was held at the Historical Society's building, in Newark, on 
Wednesday, May 9th, Mrs. Cutler, the President, presiding, 
and Mrs. White acting as Secretary pro tern. 

Annual Meeting of the IV Oman's Branch 227 

The Treasurer, Miss Hudnut, reported a balance in the treas- 
ury of $643.87. The Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. White- 
head, reported 1386 pieces of mail sent out and mail received. 
The President read her report for the past year. [This report 
was the same in part as rendered for six months in October 
last, and already published, and otherwise will appear in the 
next October's report, at the main Society's meeting]. Five 
persons were elected new members, as were also officers for the 
ensuing year as stated below. 

The question of a badge was referred to the Board. Mrs. 
White renewed her plea of last year that the members secure 
information concerning New Jersey families who emigrated 
to the W r est in the early days. After an adjournment for 
luncheon the meeting reconvened, and, the speaker for the day, 
Dr. Francis Harvey Green, Headmaster of the Pennington 
School for Boys, made an interesting address upon "Sacred 

The attendance at the meeting was about 150. 

Officers of the Woman's Branch 

President — Mrs. Willard W. Cutler. Morristown. 

First Vice-President — Mrs. George Batten, Montclair. 

Second Vice-President — Mrs. Richard V. Lindabury. Ber- 

Third Vice-President — Mrs. Henry S. White, Red Bank. 

Recording Secretary — Mrs. Jacob B. Rue, Red Bank. 

Coresponding Secretary — Mrs. Harrie P. Whitehead, Eliza- 

Treasurer — Miss Isabel Hudnut, Princeton. 

Historian — Miss Margaret L. Terhune, Matawan. 

Auditor — Mrs. Henry J. Horner, Newark. 

Besides the foregoing there are included in the Board of 

Managers the following, representing various counties in the 

State : 

Atlantic — Miss E. S. Thompson, Atlantic City. 

Bergen — Mrs. William H. Westervelt, Hackensack. 

Burlington — Miss Margaret S. Haines, Burlington. 

Cape May — Mrs. David G. Baird, Beverly. 

Essex — Mrs. Edward S. Campbell, Miss Florence Congar, 
Mrs. Samuel C. Howell, Mrs. Austin H. McGregor, 

228 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

Miss H. Rose Nichols, Mrs. William B. Ward, all of 

Newark, and Miss Mary L. Wheeler, of West Orange. 
Hudson — Mrs. Henry B. Howell, Jersey City. 
Mercer — Miss Henrietta O. Magic, Princeton. 
Middlesex — Miss Mary A. Demarest, New Brunswick. 
Morris — Mrs. Charles M. Lum, Chatham. 
Ocean — Mrs. George W. Holman, Jr., Toms River. 
Passaic — Mrs. William Nelson, New York City. 
Salem — Mrs. Trueman H. Clayton, Salem. 
Somerset — Mrs. John S. Clark, Middlebush. 
Sussex — Mrs. Robert V. Armstrong, Augusta; Mrs. Henry 

T. Kays, Newton. 
Union — Miss Mary G. Van Vranken, Miss Agnes Blackfan, 

Elizabeth ; Mrs. A. Van Doren Honeyman, Plainfield. 
Warren — Mrs. Arthur G. Smith, Belvidere ; Miss Katherine 

M. Stryker, Phillipsburg. 

^5 v* %5* *5* 


Mrs. Emma Louise Downing Alling died at her home, 974 
Broad street, Newark, N. J., Jan. 31, 1923. Her father, John 
Downing, was a manufacturing jeweler in New York City, 
where he was a partner in the firm of Downing & Baldwin. 
He was a member of an old New York family, descended from 
Nathaniel Downing, who came to this country in the "June 
Bug," a vessel which followed the "Mayflower." The Down- 
ing family moved to Newark from Reade St., New York, when 
Mrs. Ailing was 12 years old. She attended the Misses Buck- 
nail's Young Ladies' Seminary, on Broad street, and, later, 
Mrs. Isaac Mcllvaine's Ladies' School, on East Park street. 
She married William Robinson Alling, June 2nd, 1859. A 
few years later she moved from East Park to 974 Broad street, 
where she resided for the remainder of her life. She early 
became an active worker in the -Home for the Friendless, rais- 
ing the funds to purchase two plots for the Home in Fairmount 
Cemetery and was for many years a member of the Educational 
Committee, the other two members being the late Mrs. Frank- 
lin Murphy and Miss Virginia Woodruff. For a time Mrs. 
Alling was a member of the Board of Managers of the Home 
for Aged Women. She was also a life member of the Female 
Charitable Society. In early life Mrs. Alling attended the Park 

Necrology of Members 229 

Presbyterian church, of which her husband was a trustee, and 
for a time was a member of the choir of the old Third church. 
At the time of her death she was the second oldest communi- 
cant of the South Park Presbyterian church. 

Mrs. Ailing left one son, Madison Ailing, of Newark; a 
nephew, Paul Cook Downing, Vice-President of the Fidelity 
Union Trust Company, and numerous other relatives in New- 
ark and New York. Mrs. Ailing had been a member of the 
Woman's Branch of the New Jersey Historical Society for 
many years, and became a Life member of the main Society 
Nov. 8, 1922. 

George W. Campbell, of Millburn, N. J., died on March 
9, 1923, at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Thomas C. Er- 
win, of Atlanta, Ga. Mr. Campbell, who was seventy-five 
years old, had been suffering with a heart trouble for a few 
weeks, and left only several days prior to his death for the 
South in company with his daughter. He was born in Belle- 
ville and was descended from a line of Scotch ancestry who 
settled no years ago in Millburn on what is now the Essex 
County Park Reservation. The old homestead was torn down 
twenty years ago. Mr. Campbell followed the business of 
real estate and insurance broker, maintaining offices at 123 
Liberty street, New York, and was active until his illness. He 
became a member of the New Jersey Historical Society, Dec. 
4, 1911. 

Stephen Farrelly, formerly President of the Union News 
Co., of New York City, died on March 9, 1923, of pneu- 
monia. He was a brother of the late Patrick Farrelly, of Mor- 
ristown. He became a member of the New Jersey Historical 
Society April 5, 1909. 

Alster Greene, of New York City, died of pneumonia at 
his home, 65 E. 72nd street, March 8, 1923. He was the son 
of Martin E. and Matilda (Zabriskie) Greene and was 67 
years of age. He was a graduate of Columbia College and 
Law School. He never practiced but devoted his life to study 
and research in law. He was a member of the Union, Metro- 

230 Proceedings Nezv Jersey Historical Society 

politan, University, Army and Navy and the New York Yacht 
Clubs and a member of the American Bar Association. He 
was elected a Life member of the New Jersey Historical So- 
ciety on July 11, 1902. 

George Jay Gould, the widely-known financier, son of the 
still better known railroad magnate of former years, Jay Gould, 
died at the Villa Zaralde, Cap Martin, on the Riviera, France, 
on May 16, 1923, after an illness of several months. Mr. 
Gould was born in New York City Feb. 6, 1854. In 1885 ne 
first entered the Stock Exchange, and thenceforward his life 
was one constantly before the eyes of the public. The space 
at our command would not begin to recite the financial features 
of it, to which all daily newspapers immediately following 
his death devoted columns. He had various residences, that at 
Georgian Court, Lakewood, in this State being, perhaps, the 
best known to the public. He was married twice, first, in Sep- 
tember, 1886, to Edith Kingdom who died in November, 1921 ; 
second, on May 1, 1922, to Mrs. Guinevere J. Sinclair, who 
survives him, as do a number of children. Mr, Gould became 
a member of the New Jersey Historical Society May 21, 1896. 

Henry Phineas Jones, President of and for fifty-seven 
years connected with Phineas Jones & Co., Lmtd., manufac- 
turers of wheels in Newark, died Mar. 17, 1923, in the Hotel 
Alvord, 18 South Clinton street, East Orange, N. J., where he 
and his family made their home. Death was attributed to heart 
trouble. Mr. Jones had been in poor health for some months. 
He was born seventy-six years ago in Spencer, Mass., the son 
of the late Phineas Jones, Sr., founder of the wheel-making 
concern, and who, in 1881-83, served as a member of Con- 
gress, representing Essex county. Mr. Jones came of Revolu- 
tionary stock, his ancestors having settled in New England, 
before the days of the Revolution. When the Civil War broke 
out Mr. Jones, then a boy of 14, tried to obtain parental con- 
sent to join the Union forces. Permission was denied, so he 
ran away from home and enlisted as a drummer boy with a 
New York Regiment. After considerable service in the army 

Necrology of Members 231 

he returned home. He was educated in schools at Spencer. 
His father began making wheels in Worcester, Mass., in 1848, 
two years later moving to East Brookfield. In 1855 the busi- 
ness was moved to Elizabethport, N. J., and the family made 
its home in Newark. The present business was founded in 
1855. Five years later the concern moved to Newark and 
established headquarters at 305 Market street, where it re- 
mained until last summer when the main office and factory were 
located on Hillside avenue, Hillside. In 1865 Henry P. Jones 
entered the business. The founder of the business died in 
1894. In 1903 Phineas Jones and H. Percy Jones, grandsons 
of the founder and sons of Henry P. Jones, entered the firm. 
In 1909 the firm became a corporation. Spencer Jones, the 
youngest member of the family, was taken into the company 
in 1910. H. Percy Jones died in 1914. In 1875 Henry P. 
Jones married Miss Ada Emily Anderson, daughter of the 
late Mr. and Mrs. David Anderson of Newark. The family 
moved from Newark in 19 14, making its home at the Hotel 
Alvord in East Orange. Mr. Jones was a member of the Essex 
Club, Union Club, which was absorbed by the Newark Athletic 
Club, the Down Town Club, Newark Chapter S. A. R., and 
of the Washington Association. 

Mr. Jones is survived by his wife, two sons and a daughter. 
Spencer Jones, one of the sons, and the daughter, Mrs. Eliza- 
beth A. Skinner, make their home with their mother at the 
Hotel Alvord. The other son, Phineas Jones, lives in Me- 
tuchen. Mr. Jones is also survived by two grandchildren, Mr. 
Howard C. Sayre of New York, and Miss Phyllis Jones, of 
Metuchen. Mr. Jones became a Life member of the New Jer- 
sey Historical Society Jan. 15. 1885. 

Stephen Haines Plum, of 538 Parker street, Newark, N. 
J., died April 14, 1923. He had played a game of golf on the 
links of the Essex County Country Club at West Orange, and 
died the same evening while being taken in an automobile 
to the Orange Memorial Hospital. Mr. Plum was 46 years 
of age. His father and grandfather both bore the same name, 
they being long prominent in Newark affairs. The father died 

232 Proceedings Nczu Jersey Historical Society 

May 31, 1906, (as to whom sec PROCEEDINGS, Third Scric>. 
Vol. VI, p. 27). After receiving his preparatory education in 
the Newark Academy Stephen H., Jr., was graduated from 
Princeton College in 1901 with, the degree of Bachelor of Sci- 
ence, and ever after was an active worker for the University. 
After graduating he entered the real estate business and for 
twelve years prior to his retirement in 1920 was a member 
of the firm of Geiser & Plum. Inc., his partner being A. Eugene 
Geiser. Since he withdrew from active business, because of 
failing health, he had managed the estate of his family. For 
years he was Secretary of the Board of Trustees of Peddie Me- 
morial Church. lie also was chairman of the church's endow- 
ment fund. He was a director of the Home for Incurables 
and the Eighth Avenue Day Xr.rsery. Besides the Essex 
County Country Club he was a member of the Baltusrol 
Country Club and the Essex and Wednesday clubs. He was 
known to all his associates as a man of high integrity, great 
ability and sincerity of purpose in whatever engaged his atten- 
tion, and above all a thoroughly Christian man. 

Surviving, besides his wife, are two daughters, the Misses 
Lucretia Mary and Mary Runyon Plum, a son, Stephen H. 
Plum, Jr., and a sister. Miss Martha J. Plum. Mr. Plum be- 
came a member of the New Jersey Historical Society June 
3> 190/. 

Miss Clara Vezin died at her home, 712 Grove street, 
Elizabeth, N. J., on Feb. 17. 1923. of heart disease. During 
the fight against the enfranchising of women in 1919, Miss 
Vezin was Chairman of the Congressional Committee of the 
National Association Opposed to Woman SufTrage, and one 
of the Vice-Presidents of the New Jersey organization. In 
addition to their fight against woman suffrage, the organi- 
zation which Miss Vezin headed also took a firm stand against 
Bolshevism and the Non-Partisan League. She was a mem- 
ber of the First Presbyterian Church of Elizabeth, and of the 
Colonial Dames. She was the daughter of the late Oscar W. 
and Alice King Vezin, and is survived by three brothers, Wil- 

Necrology of Members 233 

liam K., Russell K., and Lawrence K. Vezin. She became a 
Life member of the New Jersey Historical Society May 3, 

Alexander S. Ward, of 346 Roseville avenue, Newark, N. 
J., died at his residence on April 7, 1923, from apoplexy, hav- 
ing been stricken only two days previously. He was the son of 
Dr. William S. Ward and Elizabeth (Stitt) Ward, of New- 
ark, and was born May 29, 1862. He was educated in the 
Newark public schools and New York University. He entered 
the employ of the Howard Savings Institution in Newark in 
1883, became Treasurer in 1903 and was made Vice-President 
and Manager in 191 7. He began his banking career with the 
Mechanics' National Bank in 1879. ^ r - W r ard was a member 
of the Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church and trustee of the 
Newark Presbytery. He was also active in social agencies. 
He served as treasurer of the Job Haines Home for the Aged 
and was a trustee of the Y. M. C. A. He was also a director 
of the National Newark and Essex Banking Company and of 
the Hanson & Van Winkle Co., and was a Trustee of the State 
Employees' Pension and Retirement Fund, having been named 
by Governor Edwards in 1921. He also served from 1919 to 
1921 as Trustee of the State Teachers' Retirement Fund, 
having been named by Governor Edge. He was a member of 
the Essex Club and of the Montclair Golf Club. 

Besides his wife, who was Miss Julia Merry, Mr. Ward is 
survived by a son, Waldron M. Ward, of 422 Fourth avenue, 
Newark, and a daughter, Mrs. Emille Ward Marton, of Tren- 
ton. Mr. W r ard was elected a member of the New Jersey 
Historical Society May 10, 191 1. 

George Wurts, dean of New Jersey newspaper men, died 
at his home in Paterson, N. J., May 17, 1923, in his 94th year. 
Until within a very few weeks of his death he attended to his 
editorial duties on the Paterson "Press-Guardian." Mr. Wurts 
was born in Easton, Pennsylvania, Sept. 13, 1829. His parents 
were John Jacob and Ann Barbara (Norris) Wurts. Although 
his tastes always ran toward newspaper work, he engaged in 


234 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

other business until i86r, when he became a reporter on the 
"Newark Daily Advertiser." After a short time he went to the 
Newark "Mercury," a publication espousing the newly formed 
Republican party, edited by John Y. Foster and owned by E. 
N. Miller. Shortly afterward Mr. Foster resigned as editor 
and was succeeded by Mr. Wurts. Utterances of the paper 
incited the hatred of anti-Union sympathizers and the office 
was the storm center of a physical attack by a mob during the 
draft riots. Forces rallied by Mr. Wurts saved the office 
from being demolished. In addition to his editorial work. 
Mr. Wurts corresponded for the "New York Times" and "New 
York Evening Post." He left the "Mercury" to become asso- 
ciate editor of the "Brooklyn Daily Union" when that publica- 
tion was started, and remained in that position until Febru- 
ary i, 1865, when he resigned to become part owner and editor 
of the "Paterson Daily Press." In 1895 that paper was pur- 
chased by the Press Printing & Publishing Co., but Mr. Wurts 
remained as Editor-in-chief until 191 2. The paper was later 
consolidated with the "Paterson Guardian" under the name of 
the "Press-Guardian." 

Mr. Wurts's writings, both in prose and verse, appeared in 
such publications as the "Knickerbocker Magazine," "Conti- 
nental Monthly," "Harper's Magazine," "Northern Monthly," 
"Harper's Weekly" and "Scribner's." Mr. Wurts was one of 
the early members of the New Jersey Editorial Association and 
served as its President in 1876. Fie always refused to be a can- 
didates for public office. He was, however, made Secretary of 
the New Jersey Senate in the sessions of 1880, 1881 and 1882; 
in 1896 was appointed by Governor Griggs as Commissioner of 
Banking and Insurance, to fill a vacancy, and served until 1897, 
when he was appointed Secretary of State, being unanimously 
confirmed by the Senate. He also served one term as Passaic 
County Tax Commissioner. He was a trustee of the Paterson 
Public Library, serving since 1885, and a director in a number 
of local charitable organizations. 

Mr. Wurts married, June 15, 1854, Elizabeth Camp Ross, 
daughter of Edwin and Sarah Johnson (Moore) Ross, of New- 
ark. Two sons survive, William L. R. Wurts, music editor of 

Historical Notes and Comments 235 

the "Newark Star-Eagle," and George H. Wurts, assistant 
librarian in the Paterson Public Library. Mr. Wurts became 
a Life member of the New Jersey Historical Society Jan. 28, 

# # & J* 



New York City's Tercentennial 

New York City is to celebrate the 300th anniversary of the 
first settlement of Manhattan Island one of these days. How 
it arrives at a proper date does not yet appear. The New 
York "Times" recently said : 

"Authorities differ in their opinions, and set the date of the 
settling of New York from 1610 to 1626, when the Island of 
Manhattan was bought by Governor Peter Minuit for mer- 
chandise worth about $24. A. J. Wall, Librarian of the New 
York Historical Society, says there were settlers on Manhat- 
tan Island in 1610; James Sullivan, State Historian, holds that 
settlers started for Manhattan in 1623 and 1624; Franklin 
Jameson, Director of the Department of Historical Research of 
the Carnegie Institution of Washington, states that 1624 was 
the date of settlement; Professor William R. Shepherd of the 
Historical Department of Columbia University, insists that the 
date was 1623; Mrs. John King Van Rensselaer says that 1614 
is the correct date, while J. H. Innes and Dingman Versteeg 
agree on 1610." 

The Holland Society of New York thinks 1926 the year in 
which the celebration should take place, and, in a published 
memorandum, says : 

"In 1626, May 26, Peter Minuit, the third Director (or Gov- 
ernor, as later English records call him), of the West India 
Company of the Dutch Republic, made the formal purchase 
from the Indians of Manhattan Island. The Indians who 
made the sale were undoubtedly of the tribe then sojourning 
on Long Island and their claim to any real title to all of Man- 
hattan Island was never corroborated, since it appears to be 
true that at the time no Indians were living on Manhattan or 
using it even as a hunting ground. It was in general an area 
of rocks and many swamps and ponds with sluggish streams, 
and its soil was first tilled by the Dutch. However, the pur- 

236 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

chase was a pleasing and diplomatic formality which served to 
give the Nethei landers' occupation a color of peaceable pos- 
session by treaty and agreement without reference to the va- 
lidity of the title in the particular tribe of Indians who were 
eager to make the sale for the consideration paid. 

"On the whole, although it is historically clear that actual 
settlements with habitations on Manhattan Island were made 
by the Dutch as early as 1613 and 1614, and increased there- 
after year by year and in the years 1623, 1624 and 1626 many 
Walloons and people of French blood came with the Nether- 
land born, still the purchase of Manhattan, in 1626, fixes an im- 
portant historic date for a celebration in 1926 — nut indeed of 
the first settlement on Manhattan, but of its peaceable acqui- 
sition by deed of purchase from the Indians who claimed the 

"To avoid confusion and a multiplicity of tercentenary cele- 
brations proposed by various societies for the years 1923, 1924 
and 1926 it seems to the Holland Society to be wiser and pro- 
motive of unity and dignity, as well as historical accuracy, to 
have one celebration in 1926, in which the settlement of New 
York by Netherlanders of all bloods and descent (for at that 
time the United Stales of the Netherlands contained a people 
descended from many races), could be commemorated with the 
accord of all." 

A Fine Memorial to Dr. Scott 

The New Brunswick Historical Club, of which the late Dr. 
Austin Scott was President at the time of his death and for 
17 previous years (i905-'22), has published a fine pamphlet 
of 36 pages, giving all the addresses at the memorial meeting 
for Dr. Scott held on Oct. 19, 1922, in Kirkpatrick Chapel of 
Rutgers College. These addresses were by Rev. Dr. Ra- 
ven, Dr. Bevier, Rev. Dr. Ingham, and Dr. Frank Bergen, of 
the New Jersey Historical Society. The President of the Col- 
lege, Rev. Dr. Demarest, presided. Each speaker presented 
the most striking features, as they appeared to him, of Dr. 
Scott's character as a teacher, executive and citizen. We should 
like to quote from each of the speakers, as all were apt and 
frequently eloquent in their tributes, but it must suffice to give 
an extract or two, the first from the opening address by Profes- 
sor Raven, which described the effect produced by the teacher 
of forty-five years before : 

Historical Notes and Comments 237 

"My first acquaintance began in 1887, only four years after 
he came to New Brunswick, when I entered Rutgers College as 
a student. He was then less than forty years of age. His vigor 
of mind and body, his strong personality, his exceptional teach- 
ing powers, his scholarly temper, his judicial mind, the emphatic 
dignity of his manner made an impression on my youthful 
mind which has deepened with the years. My natural interest 
in the subject which he taught was strengthened by his instruc- 
tion. If there was a spark of intellectual fire in the mind of a 
student, it was fanned into a flame by his masterly presentation 
of the History of Civilization, of Constitutional and Inter- 
national Law. His acute legal mind pointed out the broad prin- 
ciples of the United States Constitution and its fine balance of 
powers in such a way that a student was dull indeed if his inter- 
est was not aroused and his imagination quickened. The class 
to which I belonged had a special affection for him to which he 
often referred in later years. We were seniors when he was 
elected President of the College. The enthusiasm of the entire 
student body was extraordinary.'' 

And again : 

"The members of the New Brunswick Historical Club saw 
Dr. Scott in a position which displayed one of the most promi- 
cnt sides of his character. He was a Democrat, not merely in 
the partisan sense, but in the noblest conception of that great 
name. His interest in local history and tradition was never 
scholastic or merely intellectual. He loved to relate the honor- 
able part which New Brunswick and her citizens played in 
the Colonial and Revolutionary life of New Jersey, not for 
ostentation, but so as to inspire her citizens of this later time 
with a desire to keep the honor of this old city untarnished 
and to make its present and future contribution to the state 
and national life as great as that of the past. Thus he dignified 
the small details of local history by bringing them into relation 
with the great movements and the great events of national his- 
tory. He realized the part which the local community has in 
the life of the nation — how the nation is composed of many 
communities, most of them ^mall — and that there can be no true 
patriotism or national loyalty which is not grounded in local 
loyalty. The true American citizen, as he viewed it, must first 
be a true citizen of his o\\ rate, his own city. And with the 
thoroughness which chara< terized him, he could not conceive 
how a man or woman could be a good citizen of a community 
without desiring to know something of its past." 

238 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

This, almost the concluding sentences of Dr. Frank Bergen, 
we also insert here as stating in a nutshell the nature of Dr. 
Scott's multifarious labors: 

"He did what lay in his power to improve conditions around 
him, to make the world in which he lived and moved better than 
he found it. He worked diligently until age came upon him 
and his health and strength failed, and then he fell asleep and 
was laid among the rugged and beautiful hills of New Eng- 

The James Parker Article 

When our excellent contributor, Mr. Benedict, was preparing 
the article in this number, on "James Parker, the Printer, of 
Woodbridge," he soon discovered that there was great con- 
fusion in the statements of previous authors as to the early 
Parker families. There were three Elisha Parkers, and most 
historians have dealt with them as if they were one person. To 
take one example : In Dalley's ''Woodbridge" an Elisha is 
spoken of as being a weaver, constable, rate maker, member of 
town meeting, corporation treasurer, high sheriff, Member of 
Assembly, member of Council, etc. It is hardly to be suspected 
that one Elisha held all these offices, when there were others, 
including "Elijah, the merchant." They were also certainly 
mixed up in marriages and children, as appears by a study of 
various articles on the family. Without going into details as to 
what the different authors, Barber & Howe, Whitehead, the 
late James Parker, Rev. Mr. Jones, O'Callaghan and others, 
have said, Mr. Benedict has presented to our readers a brief 
statement of the early relationship of the early Elishes, and 
fixes more definitely where the James of Woodbridge and the 
James of Amboy belong, and then — the main object of the pa- 
per — gives us a succinct account of James, "the Printer." 

Another Volume of "New Jersey Archives" 

The New Jersey Historical Society, by its Committee on 
Colonial Documents, has issued Volume 31, First Series, of 
the "New Jersey Archives." It was made practicable to pub- 
lish this volume by an appropriation by the Legislature of 19J2, 

Historical Notes and Comments 239 

although it was necessary to use something less than half the 
amount appropriated, as the volume proved to be a small 
one. It covers the newpaper extracts from New York and 
Philadelphia newspapers for the year 1775, thus completing the 
series of extracts relating to New Jersey men and affairs from 
1704 to the practical close of the Revolutionary War in 1782. 
The 16 volumes, embracing about 78 years, have proven of 
great value to the State, and especially to writers on New Jer- 
sey history. So far as we are informed it was solely the idea 
of the late Mr. William Nelson of Paterson that the files of 
newspapers in Boston, New York and Philadelphia should be 
sought out from their earliest publication dates, and such por- 
tions copied as related to New Jersey. He had the early cooper- 
ation, however, of other members of the Society, especially of 
fellow-members of the Committee in charge of the undertaking, 
viz., Judge Garret D. W. Vroom, Frederick W. Ricord, Adju- 
tant-Gen. William S. Stryker and Edmund D. Halsey. All 
these, including Mr. Nelson himself, are now deceased, 
although the work was begun (in printing) as late as 1894. 
Mr. Nelson, himself, edited 11 of the volumes and portions 
of 2 others, General Stryker one volume, the late Francis B. 
Lee one volume, the late Dr. Austin Scott a portion of one 
volume, and the present Editor of the Proceedings a portion of 
one and this 1775 volume. 

The 1775 volume, being for only one year (others were 
usually for two or more years) is, as above stated, small, con- 
taining only 256 pages, including the Index. On the whole it 
seems less interesting than might be expected, as the year was 
the opening one of the War. This is to be accounted for, how- 
ever, as the "Preface" states, because "the newspapers of that 
day were not as informative as now," and because much of the 
actions of our various county "Committees of Correspon- 
dence," although generally published either in the New York 
or Philadelphia press, having been already put in print by the 
State, was omitted from the present work, there being no neces- 
sity for the duplication. However, the gleaner of history will 
find many articles, bits of personal news, advertisements, etc., 
which will well repay for dipping into its pages. 

240 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

The Legislature of 1923 having continued an appropriation 
specifically for another volume of New Jersey Wills, the two 
previous ones issued by the Society being only from 1670 to 
1750, it is to be expected that it will be published early in 1924, 
probably carrying wills down to 1770. 

Still Active in His 96th Year 

Mr. Philip H. Hoffman, of Morristown, now in his 96th 
year, being one of the oldest and best preserved men in that 
section of the State, still active as a bank director, etc., is a 
grandson of John Hoffman, who served as a "Minute man" 
during the entire Revolutionary War, and a son of Capt. Hen- 
ry B. Hoffman of the W r ar of 1812. The Newark "Sunday 
Call" of March 18th last devoted nearly two columns to an 
interview with him, embracing a few events of his life and 
much as to Mr. Hoffman's view of the connection of Morris- 
town with important Revolutionary events. An interesting 
article it was, and only goes to prove the fact that while such 
wide-awake aged men or women are living some one should 
secure from them actual reminiscences of bygone days. Mr. 
Hoffman has, himself, contributed historical articles to some 
publications, including an article on "Caspar Steymets and His 
Descendants," which appeared in the Proceedings in 19 16. 
His most widely known pamphlet was entitled "The Arnold 
Tavern," on which site he erected a building which is still oc- 
cupied by his son. W r e have suggested to him that he follow 
up the matter of reminiscences for future numbers of the 
Proceedings, with special reference to leading men of Mor- 
ristown and vicinity of half a century and more ago, but he 
felt obliged to decline, saying that "a man of that age could not 
perform a good work of that kind." 

Last Living Revolutionary Soldier's Son 

There recently died at Pitman, Gloucester co., N. J., Cant. 
David C. Montgomery, said to have been the last living son of 
a Revolutionary War veteran. He was 92 years of age. His 
father, William Montgomery, is stated to have settled in South 
Jersey after the Revolution, and, when 75 years of age, took 

Historical Notes and Comments 241 

a young wife, of whom David was born Aug. 10, 1 83 1 . The 
son followed the sea, becoming Captain of a vessel when only 
19 years of age. He lived at Little Creek, Delaware, for half 
a century and then retired to Pitman, with a daughter, one of 
his twelve children, of whom nine survive. 

The Old Lorillard Mansion Destroyed 

On March 26th last the old Lorillard mansion in the Botan- 
ical Garden at Bronx Park, New York City, which has been 
used as a museum, was destroyed by fire. It was a stone struc- 
ture, built by Pierre Lorillard when he came to America from 
France, and was 100 feet long by 75 feet wide. Many relics of 
the Indian and Revolutionary wars were kept there and most 
of them were lost. Paintings valued at $20,000, which had been 
loaned to the Botanical Garden by the Metropolitan Museum of 
Art, were carried from the first floor and covered with tarpau- 
lins, and so escaped injury. Among the things lost on the upper 
floors were 10,000 old coins, helmets, badges, crockery and 
plate, mostly Revolutionary relics. Dr. Edmund Southwick 
lost 200,000 lantern slides and negatives, the accumulation of 
forty years, which he had stored upstairs. This fire renews 
one's apprehension that various old historic mansions in Xew 
Jersey are not safe from fire, and that great pains should be 
taken toward their permanent preservation. 

Bi-centennial of Printing in New Jersey 

The bi-centennial of the first printing done in Xew Jersey 
— the impression of a book of New Jersey laws in 1723 — will 
be celebrated in December by the local Typographical Union, 
city officials and members of the Perth Amboy Historical So- 
ciety. Henry Bullen, librarian of the American Type Founders' 
Museum in Jersey City, is scheduled to speak at the banquet on 
"Early Printers of New Jersey." The place where the dinner 
is to be held it is hoped will be in the old Michael Kearny home- 
stead, now the property of the Perth Amboy Society. 

William Bradford was New Jersey's first printer. Because 
of some governmental difference the Colony would not permit 
the distribution within its confines of a book of laws printed 

242 Proceedings Nczv Jersey Historical Society 

outside its boundaries. Bradford therefore moved his type and 
press from New York to Perth Amboy and issued a book con- 
taining the laws enacted, bearing the imprint 17 17, but as 
other laws were added up to 1723 it would seem that the work 
was not finished until that year. 

The Princeton Battle Monument 

On June 9, 1922, the fine Princeton Battle Monument was 
dedicated. A work commemorative of the event has now been 
issued by the Princeton University Press, and its 130 pages are 
replete with permanent information concerning the origin and 
final completion of the monument, and the addresses, etc., on 
the dedicatory day; and contains also a full description of the 
Battle. Prof. Marquard is the author of the monument's his- 
tory, and Prof. Thos. F. Wertenbaker gives the Battle history. 
Dr. Henry Van Dyke's fine ballad is included. We are espec- 
ially glad to see in this work the complete eloquent address of 
President Harding ; it is a production doing great credit to his 
abilities as an orator. In a footnote on page 28 the organiza- 
tions represented at the dedication are given, including many 
patriotic and historical societies, but, by some inadvertence, the 
New Jersey Historical Society, which accepted the invitation 
to attend the exercises and sent a good-sized Committee there, 
is not mentioned. 

The Revolutionary Camp Ground at Plainfield 

In the Proceedings of one year ago (p. 250), we published 
a note on the above Camp Ground, and it was previously 
referred to in Vol. VI of this Series (pp. 85, 118). Re- 
cently Mr. Cornelius C. Vermeule, of East Orange, published 
in pamphlet form, under the above title, a pamphlet of 26 
pages, which is a fine example of how to treat an historical 
subject. It puts in compact compass an exact statement of 
where the encampment of Gen. Winds and his fellow officers 
was located, and illustrates it by an admirable map, showing 
the owners of lands adjoining and near by, with the situa- 
tion of private houses where known. Mr. Vermeule properly 
remarks on the lack of references by other historians to this 

Historical Notes and Comments 243 

important military post in the most trying days of the Revo- 
lution. It was a rallying post for many brave soldiers 
and this is frequently testified to by those who were 
there {vide "The Condict Revolutionary Extracts," now 
in course of publication in the Proceedings). No future 
writer on the War, especially during the period of 1776 and 
'77, can afford not to read this pamphlet. 

Oldest Postmaster in the United States 

New Jersey has the honor of having in office to-day the oldest 
continuous postmaster in this country. He is John N. Van 
Zandt, a merchant, of Blawenburgh, Somerset county, who was 
first appointed during the administration of Andrew Johnson, 
on April 23, 1S66, fifty-seven years ago, and he has retained 
the office ever since. Mr. Van Zandt is 79 years of age, and 
comes from straight Holland stock on paternal and maternal 
sides. He was born Aug. 17, 1844. His father, the late James 
Van Zandt, inherited from an uncle, Capt. Bernardus Van Zandt, 
one of the finest farms in Somerset county. His grandfather, 
John Van Zandt, owned a farm near by, his dwelling being now 
the site of the Administration building of the State Epileptic 
Village. Recently he visited Washington and at the Postoffice 
Department received confirmation of the fact that he was the 
oldest P. M. in point of service in the United States. 

Death of a Real Genealogist 

In the death of Rev. Theodore Wyckoff Welles, D. D., in 
Paterson, on April nth last, the State has lost a real genealo- 
gist. By this we mean that his volume of "Ancestral Tablets," 
recording descendants of Gov. Thomas Welles of Connecticut, 
Capt. Gerrit Janse Hardenbergh of New York, Hendrick Van 
Dyck of New Amsterdam, etc., embracing nearly 100 allied 
families mostly of Jersey men and women, and published pri- 
vately in 1893. is one of the best examples of a family genealog- 
ical work which has ever come to our notice, barring the fact 
that it is not indexed. Dr. Welles was born in Newark, N. J.. 
May 6, 1839, and so was in his 84th year. He taught school, 
studied law, was graduated from Rutgers College (1S62) and 

244 Proceedings Nezv Jersey Historical Society 

from the New Brunswick Theological Seminary (1865), and 
held four pastorates in the Reformed Church, at Bayonne and 
Freehold, N. J., at Philadelphia, and, lastly, at Paterson in the 
Second Reformed church, latterly being Pastor Emeritus of 
that church. He was the author of other historical works and 
pamphlets, including a sketch of "The Classis of Monmouth," 
a "History of the First Church of Freehold" and one of the 
"Second Reformed Church of Totowa," and of a number of 
pulpit discourses, all carefully and thoroughly prepared ; also 
of many newspaper articles. He is survived by his wife, Jane 
Elizabeth (Van Dyck) Welles and four daughters. Formerly 
he was a member of the New Jersey Historical Society. 

Madison Historical Society's Banquet 

The Madison Historical Society held its first annual ban- 
quet at the Ridgedale Inn in that borough on March 16th last. 
This Society is one of the newest of its kind in New Jersey 
and was properly praised by President Charles M. Lum of the 
New Jersey Historical Society, who was present, for good 
work done in the short time of its existence. He said that, 
later, he would present the society with a volume written in 
1809 by the Rev. Milton Henry, who was connected with the 
early religious activities of that section. In the book are given 
the names of many of the men and women who were among 
the pioneer settlers of Madison and nearby. 

A guest of the Society was Miss Julia P. Lovell. of Morris- 
town, who read a poem she had written for the occasion, in 
which George Washington was pictured as in life and being 
shown about the Madison today. Miss Lovell, who was a resi- 
dent there for many years, now lives at Morristown. 

Mrs. W. Hayward Burnett read a paper on the old Madi- 
son House, now the home of the Society, in which the structure 
was made to give experiences from early Revolutionary days 
to date. Mr. Carroll B. Merritt, former councilman, and his- 
torian of the society, urged that everything of historical inter- 
est to the borough be sought for the society's archives. For 
the membership committee Miss Natalie Dumont reported 
thirty-two life memberships, four junior life memberships, 

Historical Notes and Comments 245 

fifteen sustaining and thirty-five annual memberships. The 
financial report by Mr. Edwin S. Wilsey showed receipts of 
$7,000 and expenditures totaling $5,000. Miss Marie L. 
Callmeyer, secretary, reviewed the organization since its found- 
ing. For the building committee Mrs. John H. Ross an- 
nounced a tea room in charge of Miss Dumont would be con- 
ducted in a part of the home of the society when the structure 
is ready for occupancy. Mr. Arthur W. Buttenheim reported 
for the landmark committee. 

The invocation was asked by Edward P. Holden. The 
toaslmaster was Mr. Reginald Baker. Mrs. George Warren 
Case was re-elected president. All the other officers also were 

Curious Early Freeholder Minute 

Hon. William M. Johnson, of Hackensack, has found in the 
minutes of the "Justices and Freeholders of the County of 
Bergen," under date of May 10, 1780, the following order: 

"Whereas the fines and forfeitures of the militia are necessary 
to be collected, and that a guard be required to collect the same : 
Ordered that the Justices order any number of men to guard 
the constable to collect the sd. fines, and that 25 dollars per day 
be allowed to each man for their service ; that the Justices pay 
the same to each man so employed. Ordered that the Clerk 
continue the ensuing year, and that $ 2 dollars be allowed him 
per day when in service." 

In other words, as concerning the first item, the constable, 
whose business it was to collect fines, then needed a guard of 
one or more men, whose pay was to be $25 per day in Un- 
depreciated currency of the time ! As Mr. Johnson well says, 
"at that rate per day the service should have been quite pop- 
ular." The later minutes do not show how much was paid 
under the order. 

Revolutionary Letter Concerning Forage 

The following letter comes to us from Mrs. E. Halsey Ball 
of Troy Hills, N. J. It is from Esquire Abram Kitchell of 
Rockaway, Morris county, who was prominent there in patri- 
otic affairs, and Esquire Benjamin Howell, also prominent in 

246 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

Hanover township. Mr. Howell was born at Southampton, L. 
I., Oct. 10, 1725; went to (present) Troy Hills, Morris co., 
in 1749. 

ROCKAWAY, NOV. 3d, I780. 

"Dear Sir: I received your favour of this morning and am 
exceeding sorry that I can't attend to your request, but beg 
that you will agree with the contractor to purchase all the for- 
age that can possibly be spared in such manner that the contrac- 
tor will give certificates for the same ; and let him send direc- 
tions to me, and I will do all in my power to furnish the supples. 
But if the army might be supplied out of this State we may as 
well give all to them at once as to give with so much trouble, 
for there is not enough in the State that they can get to keep 
them till Spring. And if they must have it, whether it can be 
spared or not, it will be all one to us who take it. However, 
I would put the evil day as far off as possible. I think that 
some may be got in my quarter, but not much. The contractor 
has not done his duty, or he would have purchased the quoto of 
this county before this time. And as soon as one quoto is fin- 
ished, I would apply to the Legislature for relief, but till that 
time it will not avail anything. 

"Pray send me word what you conclude upon if I don't come 
down, which I intend to do if I can get there by 6 o'clock. The 
bearer will inform the reason I can't attend. I remain yours, 

"Abrm. Kitchell. 

"Benjm. Howell, Esq." 

10* t£& t&* t2fr 


Hillyer. — "Simon Hillyer was born, in Monmouth or Mid- 
dlesex co., N. J., Oct. 1, 1785, and died Nov. 24, 1822; m. 
Jane Bergen, who was b. Jan. 9, 1779, and d. Apr. 23, 1859. 
Buried in New Brunswick. His parents' names desired. In 
the Proceedings of Jan., 1921, (p. 36), it speaks of: "The 
'Maria/ a sloop of 55 tons burthen, Simon Hillyer, Master. 
in 1797 ran up the Raritan river." In 'N. J. in the Revolution' 
James, John and Simon Hillyer served in Capt. Morgan's Co., 
2nd Regt., State Troops, from Monmouth. Were cither his 
father?" C. W. H. (Washington, D. C). 

[No doubt the "master" was the New Brunswick Simon, 
but as to parentage we refer above to a genealogist for re- 

Queries and Miscellany 247 

search. Jane Bergen seems to have been b. in 1770, as per 
"Bergen Family," pp. 418, 481. — Editor]. 

Drake. — "In the recent 'Union Co. History,' p. 374, and 
also in the April, 1923, 'Americana,' p. 219, it is stated that 
Cornelius Drake, of Plainfield, son of Nathaniel, served in the 
Morris co. militia. There was a Cornelius, of Morris co., 
who served through the entire War of the Revolution, and re- 
ceived a pension, but he belonged to an entirely different line 
of Drakes, and was not a descendant of Capt. Francis, of 
Piscataway. The three older sons of Nathaniel served in the 
Essex co. militia as a sergeant. These three sons, Abraham, 
Cornelius and Isaac, subsequently went to Kentucky." 

R. B. R. (Newark, N. J.). 

Van Deren. — "My grandmother's, Hannah Longstreet's, 
mother, was a Van Deren, who m. in 1799, the late Judge Wil- 
liam R. Sharpe, of Belvidere, probably in Princeton. In rec- 
ords of wills at Trenton I find only two persons of that name. 
In many records the name Van Doren and Van Dorn occurs 
frequently. Could they have been the same? Genealogy of 
Van Derens desired." H. I. C. (Milton, Mass.). 

[No, Van Doren and Van Dorn are of one general family, 
whose history has been published. Van Deren is another 
family. There were Van Derens in Philadelphia and New 
Brunswick early in the last century, as per our Proceedings 
of last year (pp. 54, 211, 308, 309), and we have known of one 
in Hunterdon county. No history of that family. — Editor]. 

Terhune. — ''My ancestors lived in Somerset Co., N. J., near 
Harlingcn, during the Revolution, viz., Stephen and Margaret 
(Cornell) Terhune. They were the parents of Garret, b. July 
2 5» 1756 ; William, b. Oct. 13, 1757; Stephen, b. Feb. 22, 
1760; Altha, b. Aug. 29, 1762; Margrietje, b. Jan. 25, 1764; 
Mary, b. May 18, 1766; Cornelius, b. Nov. 30, 1768; Eva, b. 
May 12, 1771 ; Jeanette, b. May 5. 1773: Roelof. b. July 3. 
1777. I* niav be of interest to somebody to know that Garret 
and William came West to Mercer co., Ky., in 1793. Stephen 
and Margaret d. about 18 14." 

R. W. T. (Martinsville, Ind.). 

248 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

Edgar. — "In the January Proceedings (p. 56), is a note on 
the Edgar family. It differs from what I have always under- 
stood in this respect. Among the children of David, said to be 
a farmer of Short Hills, is listed a dau., Margaret. I am 
descended from William Smith and his wife, Margaret Edgar, 
and had always understood Margaret was the dau. of William 
Edgar of Rahway. William Smith was a notorious Loyalist 
and, with others, took refuge within the British lines on Staten 
Island, where their wives were afterward sent to join them. 
Later some of the wives returned against orders, but, on peti- 
tion of the people of Woodbridge, the wife of William Smith 
was permitted to remain in town, if she would go to her father's 
house and remain there, (Min. Coun. of Safety). The father's 
name is not given, but Rahway was then part of Woodbridge 
and nothing is implied of 'Short Hills.' In the note referred 
to 'David Jr.', brother to Margaret, is referred to as a Captain. 
In Dalley's 'Hist, of Woodbridge' extended reference is made 
to the exploits of 'Capt. David Edgar,' who is treated as a 
Woodbridge man. I should like to know the facts." 

E. J. M. (Paterson, N. J.). 

Stewart. — "Some time ago the question as to where the 
funeral of Col. Charles Stewart took place was referred to me. 
I decided that it must have been at Flemington, that being the 
place where he resided at the time. Later, some exceptions 
were taken to the statement, as some writers concluded that it 

must have taken place at Hamden, where he owned another 

farm. I now have a report from Margaret Hoyt, a lady of 
eighty-seven years and a descendant of the Colonel, who states 
that he died June 23, 1800, at Flemington, and there the funeral 
took place, which was military, and that he was buried at the 
Bethlehem, N. J., Cemetery." 

J. A. K. (Flemington, N. J.). 
[In the Proceedings of 1921 and 1922 various articles 
appeared upon Col. Charles Stewart. It is well to have the 
foregoing trustworthy account of where he died and was 
buried. — Editor]. 

$2.50 Per Annum 

New Series 

OCTOBER, 1923 

o;;/,7/<? iStimitei , DO cents 

Vol. V)I!, No. 4 


New Jersey 

Historical Society 

Entered M ercond clans matter August 18. 1U17. at the ;; ofTlc* at Soin«rYlll«, 
Nevv Jersey, undar the Act uf August 24, 1912. 

Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical 


3Foun&c& in tbe Beat 1315 

Publication Committee: 

A. VAN DOREN HONEYMAN, Chairman and Editor. 





States Island — Its Consolidation with New York. By fames 

C. Connelly - - - - - - -'.'..- - ' ■ 2 40 

The Sister States. By Edwin Robert Walker - 261 

Revolutionary Days in Old Somerset. By Cornelius C. Vcr- 

ntenle - - - - - - - -- - . - 265 

Records Concerning the Morris County Court House - - 2S1 
Pioneer Days in Boonton, N. J. By Miss Cora C. Hammond - 287 
A Voyage to California in 1849 - - - - - - 299 

Dr. John J. Linderman and Linderman Family Notes. By 

Henry R. Linderman - - - - - - - -3 01 

The Condict Revolutionary Record Abstracts (183/). (Con- 
tinued) - - - -- - - - - -' - 306 

A Young Man's Journal of 1800-1813. (Concluded) - - 313 
Necrology of Members - -• -321 

Charles Day Halsey— Harry Edward Richards, M.D. — Mrs. 
Gertrude Vanderpool Atwater. 
Historical Notes and Comments - - - - - 323 

American Text-books of History — Proposed Abandonment of 
Ponds Church Building — Dedicating Trees to Famous Per- 
sons — The "Poems of New Jersey." 
Queries and Miscellany 327 

Fitz-Randolph — Runyon — The Mini sink Patli — The Bradford 
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Index to Names and Places (1923 number) - 329 

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VOL. VIII. OCTOBER, 1923 No. 4 



The land-grabbing propensity of states and nations has pre- 
vailed through all history from the earliest times. Alexander 
was a great land-grabber, and the same may be said of his pre- 
decessors and those who followed him. Rome annexed and 
consolidated on a magnificent scale, while her men were capable 
of ruling, but her later and inferior generations staggered un- 
der the burden, and her top-heaviness brought about her ruin. 
Spain, France and England have also indulged in the same 
policy. England, during the age of the early Henrys and Ed- 
wards, ruled over a very large portion of France, and extended 
her conquests to Wales, Ireland and Scotland. Later she ac- 
quired the greater portion of civilized America. We ourselves 
have imitated those nations, and have by one means and an- 
other extended our national control across the North Ameri- 
can continent, and have appropriated the name of the continent 
as the title of our nation. 

The desire for territorial expansion has not been confined to 
the acquisition of large and populous districts, but has been 
extended to small and unimportant islands. 

My address on this occasion deals with the events which 
brought about the incorporation of Staten Island with the 
State of New York. 

In view of the fact that Staten Island for nearly its whole 
length hugs the New Jersey shore, from Bayonne at the north 
to Perth Amboy at the south, and most of that distance lying 

Address before the Union County Historical Society, at Elizabeth, 
June 14, 1923. 


250 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

from 500 feet at the narrowest to 2,000 at the broadest point 
of the shore of the mainland, one wonders why it is not a part 
of the State of New Jersey. Our historians have given prac- 
tically no attention to the question, not even those among them 
who have written most voluminously on the history of our 

In the days of the Revolution this beautiful island was the 
home of the New Jersey Tories, and many an expedition was 
made by these folk into their old homes, leaving traces of the 
ruthlessncss which always follows in the wake of border war- 
fare. It was called the "Garden Island of America," and 
many of the attributes which justified the title still remain but 
are gradually disappearing. I remember it in the days of my 
boyhood, with its beautiful hills, and often have I listened to the 
solemn tones of the village church bells, as they floated over the 
water to my Jersey home. Old and odd craft like the lazy 
"Sleepy Hollow," might be seen in those days, moving slowly 
up and down the Sound. The noise and clangor of the factory 
and of commerce were yet many, many years in the future. 
The Island was then, to many of us, a foreign and romantic 
land. There was no ferry such as now exists, but the steamboat 
plying between Elizabeth and New York stopped twice a day 
at a dock which stood opposite Bergen Point, now a part of the 
city of Bayonne. This way of reaching the Island was little 
used, and was discontinued many years before the establish- 
ment of the present ferry. The communication between Bay- 
onne and the Island was more extensive, and a ferry had been 
in existence between that part of New Jersey and the Island 
from an early date. A ferry also brought Perth Amboy in 
touch with the Island from the early colonial days onward. 

Traffic between New Jersey and Staten Island was very 
slight until the days succeeding the Civil War, and the popu- 
lation of the Island was small, consisting mostly of the descend- 
ants of the early Dutch, Huguenots and Waldenses, and later 
additions of English, Irish, Scotch and Germans. 

Under what circumstances did Staten Island become a part 
of New York? 

When Henry Hudson sailed into the Kill von Kull on Septem- 
ber 6th, 1609, he called it Staten Island; in other words, he 

Stat en Island — Its Consolidation With New York 251 

named it for the States under whose flag he was then sailing. 
One of his companions — John Coleman — was killed by an ar- 
row while in a small boat sent out to explore by Hudson, in an 
attack by hostile Indians. Coleman was buried on the same 
day at Sandy Hook. The Island was then occupied by Rari- 
tans, a branch of the Lenni Lenape. They called the Island 
Aquehonga Manacknong. 

There is no doubt that the early Dutch and the Indians alike 
regarded the Island as belonging to the Jersey mainland, and 
geographically they were right in this view. With this idea 
in their mind the Dutch West India Company, in 1630, made a 
grant to Michael Pauw of the territory extending from Hobo- 
ken down the south bank of the Hudson river, thence across the 
bay, including Statcn Island in the grant. Pauw also took a 
deed from the Indians for the Island in the same year. He soon 
after disposed of his interest to his fellow-directors in the Com- 

In passing I may observe that the Indians never acquired the 
white man's view of the sacredness of a contract, and so, with 
regard to Staten Island, sold it several times after the sale to 

In Comstock's "Old Roads from the Heart of New York," 
pp. 127, 128, the author says that during the period of Dutch 
control Tottenville belonged to New Jersey. It is difficult to 
understand this statement. The center of Dutch power in New 
Netherland was on Manhattan Island, and under the circum- 
stances the settlements on the north end of Staten Island came 
more closely in contact with the persons in control of the Com- 
pany's affairs than the people at the southern end. But there 
never was any recognition of a separation of the Island from 
the New Jersey mainland. There was no necessity for such a 
separation, as the whole territory from the Delaware to the Con- 
necticut was regarded by the Dutch as constituting one pos- 
session. What is now called Tottenville had no existence in the 
time of the Dutch, and. if the nucleus of it existed, it must have 
been of a very insignificant character — perhaps a trading place 
where whites and Indians met for the purpose of traffic. Even 
to-day, more than 290 years after Pauw purchased the Island, 
Tottenville is a small village. 

252 Proceedings NetD Jersey Historical Society 

When the English came into control a new order was in- 
stituted. As we know, King Chark - I ! gave a patent, or deed, 
to his brother James, the Duke of York, on March 12, 1664, 
for the territory lying between the Hudson and Delaware riv- 
ers. Other territory was also included in the grant with which 
we are not now concerned. On acquiring his grant the Duke 
sent Colonel Nicolls over to take control tor him. On August 
27, 1664, Nicolls arrived before Manhattan Island, and, after 
some parleyings with Stuyvcsant, the Dutch Governor, the town 
was surrendered, and its name changed to New York, in honor 
of the Duke. Long Island, Staten Island and Westchester were 
to be known as Yorkshire, and was divided into three ridings, 
Kings county, part of Queens county and Staten Island being 
designated as the West riding, so that now for the first time 
Staten Island was associated with territory outside its geo- 
graphical lines. 

On October 28, 1664, John Baily and cithers associated with 
him, recognizing the ownership of the mainland of New Jersey 
to be in the Indians on Staten Island, obtained a dted from 
them for the land lying along the Staten Island sound and the 
west shore of Newark bay, extending from the Raritan river 
to the Passaic, and running back into the country a distance 
twice as great as the distance along the sound and bay. This 
deed (which was afterwards, on December 1, 1664, confirmed 
by Nicolls), acknowledged the jurisdiction exercised by the 
Indians over the Island and the mainland. 

While Nicolls was adjusting matters at New York, he be- 
came acquainted with the fact that a new phase was imparted 
to the affairs of the colony by the Duke. On June 24, 1664, the 
Duke had made a conveyance by release of the territory now 
embraced in the State of New Jersey to John Lord Berkeley 
and Sir George Carteret, a deed of lease for one year having 
been made the day before. The release conveyed by a descrip- 
tion which, it was afterwards claimed, embraced Staten Island. 
The description read as follows : "All that tract of land adjacent 
to New England and lying and being to the Westward of Long 
Island and Manhatis Island, and bounded on the East a part 
by the Main sea and part by Hudson's River, and hath upon the 
West Delaware Bay or River, and extendeth Southward to 

Statcn Island — Its Consolidation With New York 253 

the Main ocean as far as Cape May at the mouth of Delaware 
Bay; and to the Northward as far as the Northernmost Branch 
of the said Bay or River of Delaware, which is forty-one de- 
grees and forty minutes of latitude, and crosseth over thence 
in a straight line to Hudson's River in forty-one degrees of 
latitude, which said tract of land is hereafter to be called by 
the name or names of New Cresarea, or New Jersey." 

On January 10, 1664 (1665), Berkley and Carteret, now 
called "The Lords Proprietors," appointed Philip Carteret, a 
cousin of Sir George, to the Governorship of the colony. The 
Governor arrived in the colony in the early part of August, 
1665, and took upon himself the duties of his office. 

The first Legislature of New Jersey met at Elizabeth-Town 
in May, 1668, and, having adopted a number of Acts, adjourned 
to November 3, when its members reconvened and passed sev- 
eral new Acts, and adjourned on November 7th. Already the 
people and the Governor were becoming estranged, and as time 
went on matters became worse in this respect. To this may 
be attributed the small interest subsequently taken in the con- 
tentions of Carteret with the Governor of New York. 

From the time when the grant was made to Berkeley and 
Carteret a doubt existed as to the ownership of Stat en Island, 
which caused confusion in the collection of taxes. The argu- 
ment was made that in the time of the Dutch the Island was re- 
garded as a part of New York, and was within the expansion 
of the Hudson river and the bay. Disorder followed, those in- 
terested adding to its intensity, and the Duke's interests were 
also involved. The Island had been purchased by Governor 
Lovelace in 1670, in the Duke's name, from the Indians, for, 
notwithstanding previous sales made by them, as they had not 
been required to vacate and leave, they sold it as often as they 
were requested to do so. 

The Duke, who was interested in the disposition of the ques- 
tion from a financial point of view, now proposed a novel 
method of disposing of it, and his right to do so does not seem 
to have been openly questioned. He ordered, early in the spring 
of 1668, that the islands lying in the harbor of New York, 
which could be circumnavigated within twenty-four hours, 
should belong to the colony of New York, otherwise to New 

254 Proceedings Nezv Jersey Historical Society 

Jersey. To secure a proper person to perform the task of go- 
ing around the Island in twenty-four hours was not a difficult 
one. A trained seaman, Captain Christopher Billopp, was then 
at Perth Amboy, and was selected to make the trip. There can 
be hardly any doubt that Billopp was acquainted with the 
waters over which he was required to sail. His vessel was 
known as the "Bentley," but whether she belonged to the navy 
or to the merchant marine cannot be determined. In order to 
give his vessel proper depth in the water he caused the deck to 
be loaded with empty barrels. He performed the task in twenty- 
three hours, and so the fate of Staten Island was decided. 
The Duke's friends were elated, although there was nothing 

extraordinary in the result. Billopp was rewarded with the 
grant of 1,163 acres of land in the southerly part of the Island, 
opposite Perth Amboy, and named it in honor of his good ship, 
"Bentley Manor." The town where it is located is now called 
Tottenville. He proceeded at once to build a house on his 
manor, and collected the stones necessary for the purpose from 
the surface of the ground. These stones were of all sizes, 
shapes and varieties. He secured the bricks which were used 
at the openings for windows and doors, and the top courses of 
the structure, from Belgium and the cement from England. 
The house still stands in a dilapidated condition, and, being 
neglected, must soon go to ruin. At the present time it is oc- 
cupied by poor and careless people. In the days of the Revolu- 
tion it was used as a barracks and headquarters by the British, 
and was a rendezvous of New Jersey loyalists. It was the 
scene on many an occasion of feasting and revelry. Here, dur- 

ing the summer of 1776, the British officers and their Tory ad- 
herents, together with the wives and daughters of the latter, 

often met, and indulged in happy anticipations which were 
never to be realized. It was in the old Billopp house that 
Franklin, John Adams and Edward Rutledge met on September 
II, 1776, at the request of Lord Howe for the purpose of dis- 
cussing terms of peace, and, while the place had been used only 
for a brief period as a barracks, yet it was in a filthy condition 
when the Americans arrived, and one room had to be hurriedly 
cleaned and made fit for occupancy, in anticipation of the con- 
ference. It is built in such a position that one can look for 

Staten Island — Its Consolidation With New York 255 

some distance up the Raritan river as well as down the Jersey 
coast from its front. 

The Dutch, being at war with England in 1673, captured New 
York in August, and assumed control of that colony and of New 
Jersey. In February, 1674, by the treaty of peace made be- 
tween them, the Dutch relinquished their control, and in No- 
vember the English again resumed their jurisdiction, and now, 
to cure any defect that might have resulted by reason of the 
Dutch occupation, and the resumption of power by the King 
being regarded as investing him with a new title to the restored 
colonies, he made a new grant to his brother James, who in 
turn made new grants for the territory of New Jersey to the 

On July 1, 1674, the Duke of York appointed Edmund An- 
dros, Governor over all the territory which had been granted 
to him by his brother, Charles II, and this meant that Andros 
was to act as the governmental representative of the Duke in 
New Jersey. This naturally precipitated a conflict between An- 
dros at New York and Governor Carteret at Elizabeth-town 
as to their respective rights and powers. (1 "N. J. Archives," 
First Series, 156, 157). 

An important question was now injected into the situation. 
It will be noticed on examination that in the grant to Berkeley 
and Carteret they were invested with the proprietorship over 
the territory of the new colony, but as to their right of govern- 
ment the grant was silent. Yet certain letters emanating from 
the King and the Duke, which I shall not here refer to partic- 
ularly, would seem to indicate that power of government was 
intended to be conferred, and Sir William Grant, an eminent 
lawyer of that day, was of the opinion that such power was 
actually conferred on the Proprietors. 

On March 8, 1679 (1680), Governor Andros wrote to Gov- 
ernor Carteret that the latter was acting without authority, and 
again on March 13, Andros issued a proclamation directed to 
Carteret requiring him to refrain from exercising governmen- 
tal jurisdiction over the territory granted to the Duke by 
Charles II, confirming, however, all that had been done by the 
Duke. Governor Carteret spiritedly denied that he was acting 

256 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

without authority, asserting that he would if necessary defend 
his position with force. 

Affairs continued in this condition during the year, result- 
ing in the arrest of Carteret at Elizahcth-Town, and his sub- 
sequent trial at New York, lout the jury which heard the case 
refused to find him guilty. Notwithstanding the verdict of the 
jury Carteret was kept in custody for some time and was then 
allowed to go only on parole, to which he agreed. 

The Duke was now in sore straits. He had need of friends 
for his religious antagonists were harassing him. His Gover- 
nor, Andros, had extended his control over West Jersey as 
well as over East Jersey (the Colony was now divided into 
East and West Jersey). The West Jersey people became very 
insistent on their governmental independence of the Duke. Sir 
William Grant's opinion having been pronounced the Duke 
assumed a friendly attitude toward William Penn and his 
people, and conferred on them, through Edward Byllynge, 
"his heirs and assigns," the right of administering their own 
government. He had always been friendly to Penn and his 
present policy may not have been wholly actuated by the con- 
ditions to which he was subjected. Now the Carterets, whose 
interests were in East Jersey, felt that they should be equally 
the objects of his good will, and, on September 10, 1680, the 
Duke granted to George Carteret, the grandson of Sir George 
Carteret, the title to East Jersey, with the power of government. 

Being now invested with the right to administer the govern- 
ment, Philip Carteret at once directed his attention to Staten 
Island, claiming that it belonged to his government, notwith- 
standing the annexation to New York when Billopp circum- 
navigated it under the order of the Duke. And so we find Gov- 
ernor Carteret, on July 22, 1681, writing to the Governor of 
•New York, stating that he had been ordered to make claim to 
Staten Island. The demand was founded on the grant of Sep- 
tember 10, 1680. He required the surrender and quiet posses- 
sion of the Island and a speedy answer. It also appears that 
he appointed Mr. LaPraric and Mr. Bollen to wait on the Dep- 
uty-Governor, Brockholls (Brockholst), of New York, now act- 
ing in place of Governor Andros, who had gone to England, 
and made the demand for the surrender, entrusting them with a 

Statcn Island — Its Consolidation With Nczv York 257 

copy of the grant above referred to. (1 "N. J. Archives," 
349). On the same day that demand was made on Brockholst 
Carteret issued a proclamation to the people of Statcn Island. 
It read as follows (1 "N. J. Archives," First Series, p. 351). 

"Whereas Statcn Island doth of right belong to the Prov- 
ince of East New Jersey as doth appear of His R. Highness 
the Duke of York Deed of Grant under his hand & Scale bear- 
ing date the 10th. of /temb. 1680. but hath been detained by 
Several of the Governors under his R. Highness, Contrary to 
all Law & Equity and having now a Speciall order from the 
Lord Proprietor to demand the same These are in his Majesty's 
Name to will and require you the Magistrates Officers and In- 
habitants of the said Island to forbear Yielding any Obedience 
to the Government or Jurisdiciton of New York, Or to doe 
or Act anything by their Authority or Command and receive 
your Commissions Orders and Instructions from me your 
Lawful Governor as you will answer the Contrary at your 
P'rills. Given under my hand and Seale the 22 July Ano Dom.' 

"Ph. Carteret. " 

Brockholst replied to Governor Carteret on July 26, 1681, as 
follows : 

"I this day received several papers from you by Mr. Bollen 
and Laprery, which have been shown and read in Council, but 
find no power thereby for you to act in or assume the Govern- 
ment of New Jersey, and, until you, pursuant to our former 
orders and resolves in Council and your parole to me, produce 
and show a sufficient authority, you are and I do hereby re- 
quire you to desist acting in any public capacity and remain 

"Your friend and servant, 

"Anthony Brockholls." 

See "Grants and Concessions," 686: 1 "N. J. Archives," 
First Series, 350. 

On July 28, 1 68 1, Carteret replied to the letter of Brockholst, 
stating that he had power sufficient to act as Governor of New 
Jersey equal to that of the Governor of New York, and that 
he would forward the uncivil answer he received to England. 
He also called Broekholst's attention to the fact that the latter 
had not acknowledged the receipt of the copy of the Duke's 
deed of grant, or taken any notice of the demand for the sur- 

258 Proceedings Nezv Jersey Historical Society 

render of the Island. ("Grants and Concessions," 687: 1 "N. 
J. Archives," 352). 

For the time being the discussion was suspended, so far as I 
have been able to ascertain. It came forward again, however, 
on February 13, 1684 (1685). At this time we find Governor 
Dongan writing to the Earl of Perth in a conciliatory tone, con- 
cerning a letter which he had written to the Duke and the Com- 
missioners, saying that he had only called their attention to the 
inconveniency of having two distinct governments upon one 
river (meaning the Hudson river), his Lordship having the 
advantage of being some leagues nearer the sea. (This near- 
ness to the sea had reference to Perth Amboy). He called his 
Lordship's attention to the fact that the latter's agents had dis- 
persed printed papers among the inhabitants of Staten Island, 
which Island, he said, was in the possession of his Royal High- 
ness for more than twenty years, except for the time it was in 
the possession of the Dutch, and that Governor Lovelace had 
purchased it from the Indians in the time of Sir George Car- 
teret ; that no pretense to ownership had been made by others 
until his Lordship's agents made claim ; that he had done noth- 
ing wrong in writing that it would prove convenient to regain 
East Jersey (he meant, of course, by annexing it to New York), 
and he assured his Lordship that some of the East Jersey Pro- 
prietors were of the same opinion. ("N. Y. Col. Doc," III Vol., 
383). It is said that this letter was largely instrumental in 
causing the subsequent removal of Dongan from office. 

Dongan was an active man and worked with energy to reach 
his ends, and he did not hesitate to express his views. He 
wrote to Sir John Werden, the Secretary of the Duke, saying 
that Billopp's plantation was opposite Perth Amboy ; that if ves- 
sels were allowed to come there and not enter at New York it 
would be impossible to hinder the goods going ashore on Staten 
Island ; that there was a report that Billopp intended to sell his 
place to a person in East Jersey; that it would be well to ex- 
amine the last patent for East Jersey to see whether shipping 
coming in at Sandy Hook was obliged to make entry at New 
York. He also complained of the Quakers making "pretense" 
to Staten Island and disturbing the people. He insisted that 
if his Royal Highness could not "retrieve" East Jersey it would 

Statcn Island — Its Consolidation With New York 259 

be well to secure Hudson river and take away all claim to Stat- 
en Island. He closed his letter by expressing himself as de- 
sirous of seeing the line of New York drawn from the Hud- 
son to the Delaware. He did not indicate what portion of the 
territory of New Jersey should be embraced in the line to be 
drawn to the Delaware, and it may be that he meant a line 
to be drawn from the city of New York, and to cross thence 
due west to the Delaware.' (Ill "N. Y. Col. Doc," 355; 1 M N. 
J. Arch.," 485)- 

It seems that the Billopp house and manor were for sale, as 
Dongan intimated to the Duke's Secretary, but no one came 
forward to purchase them. But the Duke feared that a pur- 
chaser might be found, and Dongan was directed, in case the 
property was offered for sale, to find some one in New York 
to take it and not to suffer it to pass into the possession of any 
one in New Jersey. 

Governor Dongan had reason to be apprehensive of the fate 
of Staten Island, for, on May 26, 1684, we find the East Jersey 
Proprietors issuing a confirmatory patent to one Captain John 
Palmer, of Staten Island, for his house and lot on the north 
side of the Island; for 342 acres on ^ I ill Creek; for 96 acres 
and a mill; for 80 acres; for two 90-acre tracts, and for 4,500 
acres in the middle of the Island. (E. N. J. Deeds, Liber A, 
185; 21 "N. J. Archives," (1st Series), 64). 

The fear of annexation to the Duke's government of New 
York, and the feeling that they would be more secure in their 
rights under the Crown, preserving at the same time their 
identity, led many people to favorably consider the surrender 
of both East and West Jersey into the hands of the King, and 
from this time onward the Proprietors and the people took this 
view. The surrender thus agitated actually took place on April 
17, 1702, but the causes which brought it about had undergone 
considerable change. 

Notwithstanding the surrender of the government we find 
that the ownership of Staten Island was still a matter of con- 
cern, for on July 6, 1704, William Dockwra and Peter Son- 
mans presented a petition for themselves and the rest of the 
Proprietors of East Jersey to the Queen, reciting the facts re- 
lating to the confirmation of the title of East Jersey in the Earl 

26o Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

of Perth and others, by King Charles II, on July 24, 1674. and 
alleging that Staten Island came within their jurisdiction; that 
the Governor claimed it for her Majesty's use, but that the 
Proprietors had an undoubted right to it ; and praying for the 
hearing and final determination of the matter. Nothing ap- 
pears to have been done with the petition. 

New York thereafter exercised jurisdiction over the Island, 
although there were people who still clung to the idea that the 
ownership had not been finally disposed of. For instance, we 
find one Isaac Wood advertising in the "New York Journal 
and General Advertiser," on October 13, 1774. under the cap- 
tion : "Province of New Jersey, Staten Island, October 9, 
1774." Wood states that he is in actual confinement in the 
gaol at Staten Island, and notifies his creditors that he will 
present a petition to the General Assembly of "this colony" at 
its next meeting for the benefit of "our insolvent acts" and 
to be discharged from his debts. (29 "N. J. Arch.," (1st Ser- 
ies), 499). 

After the independence of the colonies was established, New 
York and New Jersey, through their respective Legislatures, 
made several attempts to adjust the boundaries which separated 
them, and while New York's ownership of Staten Island had 
been acquiesced in during the later colonial period and after 
the Revolution, yet it was not until 1833 tnat a treaty or agree- 
ment was made between the two States defining the boundary 
line that separated them. In that year the Legislatures of the 
two States appointed Commissioners to dispose of the ques- 
tion. The Commissioners appointed on the part of the State 
of New Jersey were Theodore Frelinghuysen, James Parker 
and Lucius Q. C. Elmer, and those on the part of the State of 
New York were Benjamin F. Butler, Peter Augustus Jay and 
Henry Seymour. The report of the Commissioners was con- 
firmed by the Legislature of the State of New York, February 
5, 1834; by the Legislature of the State of New Jersey on Feb- 
ruary 26, 1834, and was approved by the Congress of the Unit- 
ed States on June 28, 1834. Under this treaty, for such it has 
been called, the dividing line was defined as follows: 

"The boundary line between the two States of New York 

The Sister States 261 

and New Jersey from a point in the middle of Hudson river, 
opposite the point on the West shore thereof, in the forty-first 
degree of north latitude, as heretofore ascertained and marked 
to the main ocean, shall be the middle of the said river, of the 
Bay of New York, of the water between Staten Island and 
New Jersey, and of Raritan Bay, to the main sea, except as 
hereinafter otherwise particularly mentioned." 

There is nothing in the subsequent provisions modifying this 
line of division. There are, however, provisions relating to the 
powers conferred on each State, and providing that the State 
of New York shall have jurisdiction over the waters of the 
Hudson, the Kill von Kull, and the Staten Island sound as far 
south as Woodbridge creek, to low water mark on the New Jer- 
sey side, and to a like jurisdiction conferred on New Jersey 
over the waters of the sound from Woodbridge creek south, 
and in the sound and Raritan Bay to low water mark on Staten 

And thus closed an interesting chapter in the history of two 

v* %5* %3* «£• 



It is, I think, both pertinent and interesting to inquire, who 
were the inhabitants of this region before the advent of the 
white men in the Delaware Valley, and whence came they? 

The Aborigines are familiarly known to us as the Delaware 
Indians. They were known to themselves as the Lenni Lenape 
(pronounced as if spelled "Len-au-pay"). 

The name bestowed upon New Jersey by the Indians was 
"Shejachbi" (pronounced as if spelled "Sha-ak-bee"). They 
claimed the whole area comprising New Jersey. Their great 
chief, Teedyescung, stated at the Conference at Easton, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1757, that their lands reached eastward from river 
to sea. 

The word "Delaware" was originally three words, "De La 
Warr," and it was the name of an ancient English family en- 

*Addrcss at the "300th Anniversary of the First White Settlement on 
the Delaware River," at Gloucester City, N. J., June 22, 1923. 

262 Proceedings Nezv Jersey Historical Society 

nobled in the time of Edward II, who reigned from 1307 to 
1327. The particular scion of that ancient house for whom the 
Delaware River and Bay and the State of Delaware were 
named, was Thomas West, Lord De La Warr, 1557-1618. It 
was from the lordly title of this distinguished nobleman and 
adventurer that we get our present name, "Delaware. " 

Whence came the Indians? Rafinesque, in "The American 
Nations," says that the annals of the Lentil Lenape contain an 
account of creation, of a flood and the passage of the Indians 
and their settlement in America. From whence they passed 
does not appear, and doubtless this mystery is destined to re- 
main forever unsolved. 

At some remote period the ancestors of the Lenape dwelt 
probably in Labrador. They journeyed south and west to the 
St. Lawrence ; next to Ohio and Indiana. 

There is authority for believing that New Jersey was a 
wilderness uninhabited by human beings until the year 1396, 
when King Wolomenap (Hollow Man) led his people into the 
Delaware Valley, where they settled and overran New Jer- 
sey. Be this as it may, the Indians were here when the ad- 
venturous feet of the first white settlers landed on these shores. 

The precise date of the first European settlement on the 
soil of what is now New Jersey is not ascertainable. It is, how- 
ever, believed that it was at Bergen about 1618 by Dutch or 

Although Henry Hudson sailed up the Delaware Bay and 
River before discovering the North or Hudson River in 1609, 
it was not until 1623 that a ship, commanded by Cornelius Ja- 
cobsen Mey, with Dutch settlers, entered the Delaware Bay. 
His name was bestowed upon the cape, which still bears it, — 
only the spelling is different, M-a-y for M-e-y. The ship 
sailed up the river to a creek near what is now Camden, where 
the passengers settled. The next expedition commanded by 
De Vries in 1630 found none of those that had preceded, and 
the colonists who came over with him were massacred by the 
natives. The Dutch then and for a time gave up the attempt 
of settling in the Delaware Valley, which was next visited by 
the Swedes. 

The Sister States 263 

In 1637 the Swedes made their first attempt at colonization 
in the Delaware Valley, landing there in 1638. They purchased 
lands from the Indians, and, in 1640, the northerly boundary of 
New Sweden extended to the Falls of the Delaware, now Tren- 
ton. But the Dutch were here earlier, as already remarked ; 
their first expedition being that of 1623, and the second was in 
1632. They created a system of government known as Pa- 
troonship. The Patroon, a sort of feudal baron, was granted 
manorial rights, with the proviso that he should bring certain 
settlers to the Province and furnish a pastor and a school- 
master for the community. Here we find elementary law and 

From these early times both Swedish and Dutch settlers 
maintained themselves with some show of propriety and gov- 
ernmental rights. While they preserved an armed neutrality 
toward each other, the Dutch assimilated and absorbed the 
Swedish settlements in the Delaware Valley. When, however, 
England conquered the Dutch provinces in America, both 
Swedes and Dutch acquiesced in the authority and control of 
the new rulers, who permitted them civil and religious freedom 
and the retention and use of their own language. The three 
races, however, soon became amalgamated. At that time, and 
Ions: before, Holland was the center of culture and refinement, 
where science, art and literature flourished. This could not be 
without some reflection in those parts of the New World where 
the adventurous Hollanders had come to seek their fortune. 

In 1664 tne conquest of the Dutch possessions in America 
was effected by the English without bloodshed, and then for* 
the first time that which is now New Jersey — before designated 
as a part of New Netherlands — was formally recognized as a 
dependency of the British Crown. 

But, although amalgamated with the British, the Dutch, to- 
gether with them, and the sturdy immigrants from other coun- 
tries, became evolved into, and helped build up, the glorious 
American nation, one that never lost a war, and whose recent 
feats in arms are the wonder and admiration of the world. 

The good old Dutch names in America still persist, and are 
destined to live in the pages of history till latest time. 

264 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

I shall not attempt to give any detailed account of Fort Nas- 
sau and the Dutch settlement at Timber Creek in old Gloucester, 
but will leave that to Judge Joline, who will make the historical 
address on this auspicious occasion. 

Our own acquisition of territory from the Indians and our 
peaceful dwelling among them more nearly resembles that of 
our Sister State across the river, Pennsylvania, than that of 
any other. In 1832 New Jersey appropriated a sum of money 
in final extinguishment of all Indian claims against her, and in 
acknowledgment of this their representative, Bartholomew S. 
Calvin, himself an Indian, wrote a letter to the Legislature in 
which he said : "Not a drop of our blood have you spilled in 
battle — not an acre of our land have you taken but by our 
consent. They place the character of New Jersey in bold re- 
lief, a bright example of those States within whose territorial 
limits our brethren still remain. Nothing save benison can fall 
upon her from the lips of a Lenni Lenape." This was the 
valedictory of the Lenape in New Jersey; and the haunts thar 
knew them formerly thereafter knew them no more. 

This, however, leaves out of account the massacre by Indians 
of the settlers at Fort Nassau and the murder by the former of 
those who attempted to settle at what is now Cooper's Creek 
and who came over with De Vries, already mentioned ; also 
the killing of whites at Pavonia in 1665. But these were aggres- 
sions of Indians against the whites, and not of the Europeans 
against the Aborigines. 

The western shore of the Delaware river comprised in the 
States of Delaware and Pennsylvania was settled after that 
of the eastern or Jersey shore, and the first settlements in Del- 
aware met the same fate of those in New Jersey, namely, mur- 
der by the Indians. 

Speaking of our Sister States, I would name three — New 
York, Pennsylvania and Delaware — as more appropriately fall- 
ing within the class mentioned. They alone of all the States 
immediately surround us, and their settlement was effected 
about the same time and by the same nationalities, although in 
priority of settlement New York comes first, New Jersey sec- 
ond, Delaware third and Pennsylvania fourth. When ail were 

Revolutionary Days in Old Somerset 265 

at last united under English sovereignty they quickly amalga- 
mated and became a homogeneous population, so that when the 
Revolutionary War broke out, over a century later, they stood 
together in defense of the country, every one doing its full 
share in securing Independence. Ranged on the same side in 
the War of 1S12 and the Mexican War, and in the Rebellion 
(although there were sympathizers with the Confederacy in 
each) ; participating together in the Spanish-American and 
World Wars, New Jersey and all her Sister States, although 
not as homogeneous in population as are the countries of the 
Old World, presented perfect solidarity when called upon in 
the national defense, and are destined to become, through com- 
mon purpose, language and ideals, a more distinct race than 
yet we are, — Americans. Such a celebration and occasion as 
this one is a step in that direction. Interesting not alone to the 
people of the City of Gloucester, but to the State of New Jer- 
sey and our Sister States ; here and now we pause to take heed 
and cherish the memory of an historical event of which all our 
people are justly proud, and while we congratulate Gloucester 
on the possession of the site, we congratulate ourselves that 
the memory of Fort Nassau is a common heritage of our 
State and country. 

t&xt c5* %5* vr* 



Because oe the place it occupied in the days of our nation's 
birth, because it was the home of the Commander-in-Chief for 
that one comfortable winter that he and his armies enjoyed 
during the struggle, this venerable mansion is properly a shrine 
of all Americans. But to those of the speaker's generation, 
who spent our happy childhood here along the Raritan, it has 
especial significance. We knew in that childhood some of the 
sons and daughters and many of the grandchildren of those 
who carried the burden during the days that tried men's souls. 

Address delivered at the annual meeting of the Revolutionary Me- 
morial Society of New Jersey, at the Wallace House, Somerville, on 
June 9, 1923. 


266 Proceedings Nciv Jersey Historical Society 

Among them were gray-haired men and women we loved, and 
such sons and daughters could only have been born to parents 
of noble souls and pure hearts. So our love for their children 
brings us nearer to those noble patriots who lived here along 
the Raritan when Washington made this house his home. Of 
these people I shall speak, therefore, rather than of that gallant 
circle of the Continental Army who spent the happy, festive 
winter of 1778-9 at the Middlebrook Encampment. 

There was then no Somerville. Some have wondered 
why Washington, when here, addressed all his letters at 
Middlebrook, but that was the last village with a name as this 
place was approached from the east. Here, where we meet, 
was then open country, known generally as "Raritan," for it 
was the parish of the old Raritan Dutch Church, two miles 
down the river. It was a community of Netherlandish blood. 
Seven of the eleven churches of Somerset were Dutch Re- 
formed ; two-thirds of the inhabitants attended these Dutch 

About the year 1683 almost the entire valley below the North 
Branch was taken up by the English and Scotch, but among 
them came Cornelius Corson and Michael Van Veghten, of 
Holland blood. Four years later Peter Van Nest joined them. 
Cornelius Tennissen, Hendrick Corson, Barne Pieterse Coey- 
man (father of Andries), and Dirck Middagh, son-in-law of 
Peter Van Nest, were all located within a mile of this spot be- 
fore 1699. In that year Peter Cortelyou, Garret Veghtc, Doras 
Polhemus and Hendrick Lott had located east of the Millstone. 
In 1710 many more Dutchmen came to the Harlingen tract, 
and fifty years before the Revolution the English and Scotch 
landholders had sold out almost completely and at a profit to 
the thrifty Dutch. 

In 1735, forty years before the Revolution, the land on which 
we stand was the farm of George Middagh. Next west was 
the home of Dirck, then came Cornelius and Tennis; all being 
sons of the first settler, Dirck Middagh. West of them was 
the large estate of Andries Coeyman, where the town of Rari- 
tan now is. The tract east of the Middaghs was owned by the 
heirs of Peter Van Nest — Jcronimus. Bernardus and their sis- 
ters. The next farm down the river, just east of Peter's brook. 


Revolutionary Days in Old Somerset 267 

was Cornelius Teunison's ; then came Tennis Teunison's, and 
beyond him the 800-acre tract of Michael Van Veghten, on the 
easterly part of which, overlooking the river, stood Raritan, 
Church. Next to Van Veghten was "Kclshall," the fine estate 
of Cornelius Van Home. All of these owners were interesting 
personalities; men of above-average education, wealth and abil- 
ity. For the most part they came from Long Island. The 
Coeymans and Van Vechtens, however, came from near Al- 

In the interval between that period and the Revolution these 
Dutchmen were good citizens and loyal subjects of the Crown. 
Col. Philip Van Home, Cornelius Middagh and, I believe, Col. 
Matthias Ten Eyck, fought in the King's armies. But as a 
whole, when the Revolution came, while they were calm and 
circumspect in their approach to open rebellion, these Dutch 
Reformed Churches became cradles of liberty. The muster 
rolls of Somerset Regiments bear the same names as their mem- 
bership rolls. 

When the legal voters were first assembled to elect a gov- 
erning body for New Jersey which should rule by consent of 
the people alone, in 1775, they elected to the Provincial Con- 
gress Hcndrick Fisher and Cornelius Vermeule, both elders of 
old Raritan church ,and Ruloff Van Dyck, of Harlingcn church. 
The Colonel of the First Somerset Regiment, Frelinghuysen, 
was a son of one and grandson of another former pastor of 
those churches, while Lieut. Colonel Dirck Middagh and many 
of the Captains and men were also members of the Raritan 
church, out of which one may truthfully say that gallant Regi- 
ment was first recruited. 

But this is no brief for any particular race or creed. Long 
before the Revolution the melting pot had been at work. Many 
having Dutch names already had in their veins much French, 
English, Scotch and Welsh blood, while other families, like the 
Fields, Halls, Davis, Oldens and Hutchins had lived amongst 
and intermarried with the Dutch for a century or more, spoke 
their language, attended Dutch churches, and had their children 
baptized with good Dutch names. Many of us have known the 
finest of wives, mothers and grandmothers in whose veins ran 
the blood of all these races. 

268 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

In one respect race lines were sharply drawn, for each race 
doubted that the God of its fathers should be addressed in any 
language but that those fathers had used; so the English lifted 
their petitions to "Our Father who art in Heaven," while the 
Hollanders raised theirs to ''Once Voder die in den Ileniel 
zijt." They continued to use Dutch in the churches only a few 
years after the Revolution, for that struggle had finally made 
them one nation with a common tongue. 

In lyjS-'g, when the army was here, this house had just been 
erected by the Wallaces, newcomers to the Raritan. John Wal- 
lace had purchased the land in December, 1775, but died soon 
after. That same year his son, Joshua Maddox Wallace, pur- 
chased a farm two miles up the river, next above the farm of 
Bernardus LeGrange, whose place became William Paterson's 
home in 1779. It was also the year the army was here that 
Nancy, a daughter of John Wallace, married John, the son of 
Domine Hardenbergh. This house became the home of Wil- 
liam Wallace, another son of John, so the Wallace family 
promptly became a real part of this community. 

The next farm west of this was the home of Dirck Middagh, 
Lieut. Colonel of the First Somerset, and of his wife, Margaret 
Davis. His s.tone house stood where the present house stands, 
at the foot of Middagh street, on the bluff overlooking chc 
meadows. He was the third Dirck Middagh, for his grand- 
father and father had made their home there before him. His 
mother was Angelina Hall, his grandmother Catalintje Van 
Nest; so he was by birth essentially a part and parcel of this 
community. Next in order, going up the river, was the home 
of Dirck's uncle, Cornelius Middagh, a soldier in the Colonial 
wars, who died in 1778. Then, up the old river road, came Sam- 
uel Staats Coeyman, John Waldron, Jacob Van Nostrand, Ger- 
rit Roseboom, Peter Biggs, and the lawyer, Bernardus Le- 
Grange. All these farms fronted on the river and ran far back. 
Usually the houses were at the top of the bluff overlooking the 
river at the rear, with lawns running northward to the road up 

Going eastward from here the first place was the parsonage, 
where lived the Rev. Jacob R. Hardenbergh, and his wife, the 

Revolutionary Days in Old Somerset 269 

revered Dinah Van Bergh, born in Holland. She had married, 
first, the Rev. John Frelinghuysen, and was the mother of Col. 
Frederick. There were now in the family seven young Harden- 
berghs, of whom the youngest, Lewis, was only four. Here 
Col. Frederick Frelinghuysen grew to manhood, he and Lieut. 
Col. Dirck Middagh having been immediate neighbors. 

Domine Hardenbergh now owned most of the large Van Nest 
tract, reaching over to Peters brook. The farm of Cornelius 
Bogart lay north of the road, opposite the parsonage, and at the 
east side of the road to Pluckemin (the present Mountain ave- 
nue.) East, along the road, was Cornelius Tunison's tavern, 
while Philip Tunison's farm occupied all south of the river 
road from the present South Bridge street east to Peters brook. 

East of Peters brook came the farms of Abraham, Folker.t. 
and Cornelius T unison; then Col. Matthias Ten Eyck,' whose 
wife was Neltje, sister of all the Tun i sons mentioned. Next 
was Dirck Van Veghten's large tract ; then the estates of John 
and Col. Philip Van Llorne, which brings us to Middlebrook. 
There was also John Logan, who lived on a small farm just 
west of Philip Van Home's house. 

Such was this community during the Revolution. These 
were large farms and the owners prosperous farmers. We are 
prone to underrate their culture and abilities. How they ob- 
tained their education we can only surmise, but many of them 
wrote well in both English and Dutch, and their composition 
was clear and forceful. They had less to read, but more time 
to reflect than we have, and, as a consequence, came, perhaps, 
to sounder conclusions, and a more rational philosophy of life 

Your speaker claims to be a grandson of old Somerset. Both 
his parents, three grandparents and six great-grandparents were 
born on her soil, and the remaining three of these fourteen an- 
cestors upon her very borders. But, as the spirits of his an- 
cestors and yours hover over us in this sacred spot, no idle 
word of his, laudatory of their deeds, shall cause them pain. 
The recorded truth alone shall bear witness to their brave deed.^ 
and their sacrifices upon the altar of our country's freedom. 
Scant justice has been done them and their State because of 
their own inherent modesty and dignity ; because they were 


270 Proceedings New Jersey flistorical Society 

people of deeds rather than words, and because those sectional 
jealousies of which Washington complained still lived among 
those who wrote history. Thoughtful, well-to-do citizens, such 
as they were, are not the first to rebel against established gov- 
ernment. (Hendrick Fisher, however, was at the very fore- 
front, for he was a member of the Congress of all the Colon- 
ies at New York in 1765.) But, although slow to anger, after 
the conflagration broke out at Lexington and Bunker Hill, old 
Somerset calmly but resolutely drew her sword from its scab- 
bard, and it remained unsheathed until her country was free. 
After Lexington it was Hendrick Fisher who signed the call 
for the Provincial Congress of May, 1775. He became its Pres- 
ident, Jonathan D. Seigeant, William Paterson and Frederick 
Frelinghuysen, its Secretaries. So four Somerset men were 
officers of that Congress. When it adjourned three Somerset 
\ men, Fisher, Frelinghuysen and Peter Schenck, were among 
the fourteen appointed to the Committee of Correspondence. 
The next Provincial Congress, after Bunker Hill, also appointed 
a Committee of Safety of eleven members, of whom five were 
Somerset men, and three more, or a total of eight, were from 
the Raritan Valley. Nothing shows better the leadership of 
this valley than this very large proportion of representation. 

The personnel of the Somerset County Committee of Safety 
elected in 1775, is also interesting. The Rev. Dr. John With- 
erspoon, of Princeton, was Chairman ; Jacob Bogart, John 
Gaston, Gisbert Bogart, Gabriel Ogden, Garret Voorhees, Cor- 
nelius Vermeule, Thomas Berry, Stephen Hunt, Rowland 
Chambers, Matthew Ten Eyck, William Annin, RulofT Van 
Dyck, Jacob Bergen, Hendrick Van Middlesworth, Lucas Voor- 
hees and Ebenezer Tingley were members. Among these were 
many men over sixty years of age, men wise in council, and 
others younger, who bore the heat and burden of conflict on 
the battlefields of later years. This county committee, aided 
by the younger men acting as scouts, checked Loyalist activities. 
It organized the militia and collected munitions of war, for- 
warding them to points most in need. It speeded up industries 
in which it was ably seconded by the women, for most of the 
spinning, weaving, tailoring and preparing dressings for the 

Revolutionary Days in Old Somerset 271 

troops was done in the homes. The Committee also estab- 
lished markets where the raw material and implements of man- 
ufacture could be exchanged. 

New Jersey sent three battalions north, under Colonels Max- 
well, Winds and Ogden, early in 1776. In their absence the 
British came in force to New York. Then, in August, fol- 
lowed the Battle of Long Island, where the untrained, poorly 
equipped patriot forces were pitted against twice their num- 
bers, and those the finest troops of their times. Many Jersey- 
men and many Somerset men were with their own General 
Stirling in that desperate stand on Brooklyn Heights, and for 
days afterward wounded men crept back here to their homes; 
others fought their last fight there. But this was only a part 
of the price New Jersey paid for the rashness of that cam- 
paign. November 19th, the great retreat across New Jersey be- 
gan at Hackensack. Ten days later Washington was at New 
Brunswick and at his heels came the British and Hessians, 
burning and ravishing. Then followed, for all the county east 
of First Mountain and Millstone river, a period of dire distress 
and peril. 

Embittered by his reverses, Washington for a moment com- 
plained that the Jerseymen were not rallying to his support. A 
' month later, and to the end of the war he was loud in his 
praise of the Jersey militia, and well he might be, as we shall 
see. But detractors of this State have seized upon his one letter 
of complaint. They have even quoted Joseph Galloway, a rene- 
gade from the patriotic cause, a politician who, after he had fled 
to London, attempted to discredit Sir William Howe, the Brit- 
ish Commander, a brave, seasoned and able soldier. Galloway 
charged as follows : 

"When he passed through New Jersey and drove the panic 
struck Rebels out of that country, no step was taken to embody 
and arm the friends of government, who were ready and anx 
ious to be employed in disarming the disailected, in restoring 
the province to his Majesty's peace and in defending it when 
the army should proceed in its other necessary operations." 

But why do they not quote Howe's answer? Listen to what 
he says : 

2J2. Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

"I never heard before of the readiness and anxiety here ex- 
pressed — nor could I — for that part of New Jersey through 
which Earl Cornwallis marched, from Fort Lee to Trenton, 
was almost destitute of male inhabitants, a few excepted, who 
remained to fire upon the King's troops as they passed. The 
idea of employing people of this description in disarming the 
disaffected, in restoring the province to peace and in defending 
it, is too glaringly absurd to deserve further comment." 

Did time permit I could quote Washington, Knox and a score 
of others to refute their charges. But let us see if all who de- 
serted Washington's standard were Jerseymen. At Long Isl- 
and he had 17,000 men. As already stated, his losses down to 
the fall of Fort Washington were 7,000 men, but there were 
some accessions, and he should have crossed the Hudson with 
fully 6,000 men in addition to Lee's army. At Hackensack, 
however, he had but 3,000 ; at New Brunswick he reported 4,- 
000 of whom 1,500 were Jerseymen. On December 8th, across 
the Delaware, he still had his 2,500 Continentals from all other 
Colonies, but 1,000 Jersey troops were then with him, while 
2,000 Pennsylvania militia had joined him to defend their own 
State. At New Brunswick he had sent three battalions of Jer- 
sey militia toward Morristown to protect the country from 
marauders. At Princeton he had with him militia from Mid- 
dlesex and Somerset, and he sent back some Somerset Com- 
panies to establish winter quarters and set up a line of defense. 
From this recital it is clear that more soldiers from New Jersey 
had been with him on the retreat than all the other colonies 
combined had furnished, and this notwithstanding Jersey had 
sent some 1,800 men on the Northern expeditions, although 
they were needed to protect their own homes and loved ones 
from dire peril. 

Some have claimed, in answer to this, that many Continentals 
were with the army of General Charles Lee, who failed to join 
Washington at this time. Now Lee did have some 4,000 men 
when he reached Morristown, but a part of these were Jersey- 
men. After his capture at Basking Ridge, Sullivan led theso 
troops to join Washington across the Delaware, and, even after 
they joined him, Stirling's reports show that there were only 

Revolutionary Days in Old Somerset 273 

3,000 Continental Troops. The army of 17,000 had melted 
away, and the only accessions had been some 4,000 New Jersey 
and Pennsylvania militia. 

No! Jerseymen did not desert Washington. He sent somr. 
of them westward to protect their own country. Kowe told the 
exact truth. Jerseymen did not repeat the mistakes of Long 
Island and Fort Washington. They did the only wise and pru- 
dent thing. They retreated westward to prepare for a guerilla 
warfare to strike, retreat and strike again, which alone could 
succeed against such odds as they faced. As early as Decem- 
ber 17th, while Washington was still across the Delaware, and 
long before his victory at Trenton, the Jerseymen, following 
this plan, struck at Springfield and defeated the enemy. Jan- 
uary 5th, the same day that Washington's army reached Plucke- 
min, after the Princeton battle, they struck again at Springfield, 
Newark, Elizabethtown and Rahway. Two days later they had 
driven the enemy out of Essex county and established a firm 
line of defense, running from Rahway to Plainfield, thence to 
Bound Brook and up the Millstone to Princeton. Thereafter 
Woodbridge, Piscataway and Franklin townships were over- 
run by the enemy, but the rest of Somerset and all of the State 
west of the First Mountain were protected. 

Furthermore, the Jerseymen during the next six months, at 
Millstone, at the Blue Hills, in a score of minor battles along 
this line of defense, and in Piscataway, protected Washington's 
little, forlorn army of three or four thousand troops against an 
enemy many times its numbers at Amboy and New Brunswick. 
Such was New Jersey's splendid answer to the complaint that 
she was not rallying to Washington's support. Later, at Spring- 
field, he said that if all the Militia werciequal to that of New- 
Jersey he would need no Continentals. They, who would ig- 
nore the important part taken by the Jersey Militia, would 
have us believe that this splendid British and Hessian army of 
17,000 men were frightened out of New Jersey by the mere 
presence of an ill-equipped, ill-fed Continental army of only 
one-third their numbers ; an army which barely, at any time 
after Princeton, met them on the field of battle before they 
evacuated the State. 

274 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

The Jersey Militia was not a mob. It was an organized army, 
under Major General Philemon Dickinson. It was equipped and 
paid by the State. At the battle of Short Hills, in June, 1777, 
so near as we can determine, it furnished some 8,000 men, or 
more than the entire Continental Army. In 1776, when her 
peril was greatest, Massachusetts had under arms 25 per cent 
of her military strength, while New Jersey had $7 P cr cent, or 
relatively one-half more. Massachusetts paid from her own 
treasury only one-fourth, New Jersey two-thirds of her troops. 
We honor Massachusetts for her part in the struggle, but 
should we honor New Jersey less? They say that Jerseymen 
flocked to the British standard. Lorenzo Sabine estimates that 
in the thirteen colonies there were from 25,000 to 50,000 Tories 
bearing arms. Of these New Jersey furnished but 1,100, so 
far as known. 

No section of the State turned out a larger proportion of her 
fighting strength than old Somerset. She bore herself nobly. 
She had her full share of illustrious men at this period. Among 
these were two signers of the Declaration of Independence, 
John Witherspoon and Richard Stockton of Princeton, while 
John Hart, of Hopewell, right on her borders, was a third. 
William Paterson, later Governor and a member of the Con- 
s^tiulional Convention, lived on a farm less than two miles up 
the river from here. Frederick Frelinghuysen, of whom more 
later, was another illustrious son of Somerset. Then there was 
William Alexander, Earl of Stirling, who lived at Basking 
Ridge, one of Washington's ablest and most trusted Generals. 
This remarkable man not only fought throughout the war, 
performing signal service at Long Island, at Trenton, at the 
Battle of the Short Hills, at Monmouth and on many other 
fields, but meanwhile he operated his iron works at Hibernia, 
supplying the army with cannon and other munitions of war. 
He began his war experience right here, as Colonel of the First 
Somerset Regiment, and that gallant Regiment was with his 
command in many of his battles. 

As early as May, 1775, Somerset organized two battalions. 
Of the second Peter D. Vroom finally became Licut.-Coloncl, 
September 9th, 1777. It fought at the battle of Germantown 

Revolutionary Days in Old Somerset 275 

where Vroom was wounded, while Lieut. John Brokaw was 
killed. Colonel Vroom lived along the south bank of the Rar- 
itan, about two miles above here. The First Somerset Regi- 
ment was organized, and Lord Stirling was commissioned its 
Colonel, October 4th, 1775. The following February, after 
Stirling was transferred to the Continental army, as Brigadier- 
General, Stephen Hunt became Colonel, Abraham Ten Eyck 
Lieut. -Colonel, and James Linn and Dirck Middagh Majors. 

In the same month of February, 'jG, we first find Frederick 
Frelinghuysen an officer. The Provincial Congress at New 
Brunswick had called for a battalion of minute men to defend 
New York. Charles Stewart was to be Colonel and Freling- 
huysen a Major, but Somerset had then sent all of her powder 
to Col. Winds at Amboy, where he was preparing his battalion 
for the Northern Expedition ; so there was none for the minute 
men and they disbanded. Stirling took command at New 
York, March 1st. Although New Jersey had her own long 
shore line to defend, he had 700 Jersey troops with 1,500 from 
New York and Connecticut. June 3rd, on a call for 3,300 more 
men from New Jersey, a battalion of three Somerset and five 
Hunterdon companies under Col. Stephen Hunt and Lieut. - 
Colonel Philip Johnson joined Stirling. Until May, Frelinghuy- 
*sen had been a Captain in the Eastern Battery, but now he 
joined the First Somerset, and we find him at Long Island, 
where Colonel Johnson and many other Jcrseymen under 
Stirling fought their last battle. These Somerset men followed 
Washington, in the great retreat, through to Trenton and 
Princeton, where they again fought. Among those sent back 
"by Washington to protect their homes, was the Company of 
Captain Gavin McCoy, of the First Somerset. 

So we come to the time of the establishment of the line of 
defense before mentioned, which protected all of Somerset ex- 
cept Franklin township. Franklin, together with Piscataway 
and Woodbridge, in Middlesex, now suffered as no other re- 
gion suffered during the war. They were sacked by the British 
and even by their own troops, who stripped them in order to 
curtail the enemy's supplies. 

We also come to the time in February, 1777, when the gal- 

276 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

lant First Somerset was led by Colonel Frederick Frelinghuysen 
and Lieut. Col. Dirck Middagh, two outstanding figures in 
Somerset during the war. As I have said, these two had 
grown up, Middagh just west and Frelinghuysen just east of 
this house. Frelinghuysen was born in 1753, graduated at 
Princeton in 1770, admitted to the Bar in 1774, and we at once 
find him, when but twenty-two years of age, among the leaders 
of the Revolution. He had lost his father when he was but one 
year old. Dirck Middagh was his devoted friend, and they 
fought with their Regiment at the Blue Hills post, at Bound 
Brook, at Van Nest's Mills and at Millstone during those dark- 
days of 'yy, when Jerseymen were defending their lines and 
protecting Washington's army at Morristown and at Middle- 
brook Heights. In August they joined Sullivan's attack on 
Staten Island. Sullivan's plans miscarried and Middagh went 
in person to Governor Livingston to complain of his misman- 
agement. On September 6th they fought at Second River, and 
on the 15th at Elizabethtown, where Captain Francis Locke of 
their Regiment fell. When the enemy occupied Philadelphia 
they went to the assistance of South Jersey. In November 
they fought at Timber Creek and Haddonfield under Lafayette, 
who wrote: "I found the militia above all expectation I could 
% have formed of them." They and the First Somerset re- 
mained on guard all through that Winter and the following 
Spring in Gloucester county, while the enemy occupied Phila- 
delphia. The next June the evacuation and the march of the 
enemy across New Jersey led to another series of battles, and 
the First Somerset under Frelinghuysen, the second Somerset 
/Under Col. Hendrick Van Dyck, and the First Middlesex under 
Col. John Webster, fought on the 24th at Crosswicks Creek, 
saving Trenton and the country about from rapine and desola- 
tion. This was but a part of the running fight from Camden to 
Monmouth Courthouse, where it culminated in that fierce battle 
on the burning sands of Monmouth. In that battle fought all 
the militia of the Raritan Valley. The First and Second Som- 
erset, the First and Second Middlesex and the First Essex were 
there in Philemon Dickinson's division. They gave a good ac- 
count of themselves and received the thanks of Washington. 

Revolutionary Days in Old Somerset 2JJ 

Stirling did much to save the day after Charles Lee's strange 
retreat. Among those who made the supreme sacrifice there 
was Michael, the son of Benjamin and Margaret DcGroot Field, 
a gallant youth not yet twenty years old. 

In September the First Somerset was again fighting in Ber- 
gen county. Soon after this Frelinghuysen resigned to go to 
the Congress in Philadelphia, and Middagh succeeded to the 
command. The letter, a photograph of which I now present to 
this Society, was written there by him to Dirck Middagh, Feb- 
ruary 16th, 1779, when Washington had his headquarters here. 

That was a winter when the Congress was indulging in much 
petty politics. There was over- confidence in the result 01 
French intervention. Lafayette, himself, had great plans for 
ending the war which never had the approval of Washington, 
and which were impracticable. It was difficult to get action by 
Congress, such as the military situation really demanded. The 
troops were not being paid. It is to this situation that Freling- 
huysen refers in his letter to Middagh. He expresses his dis- 
taste for Congress and its petty politics when he says: *'I feel 
shackled, I feel ridiculously hampered, I don't feel like Freling- 
huysen, as you are pleased to express yourself. I would rather, 
Sir ! drink sand and water on the deserts of Monmouth, in the 
• character of a Colonel of the First Somerset Regiment, than 
to drink wine in Philadelphia in the character of a Delegate 
for New Jersey." 

There have been pleasing descriptions of the life of the 
army at the Middlebrook encampment, which I need not re- 
peat. Nor shall I pursue the history of the gallant First Som- 
erset. It fought on many fields until the very end of the war. 
I wish to reveal to you a more intimate glimpse into the lives of 
these two leaders of that Regiment, for I believe it is from 
such glimpses that we shall obtain a richer knowledge of the 
past of this region. 

The manner in which this letter closes, ''Rest assured of the 
friendship of your Frelinghuysen," was no mere empty form, 
for he and Middagh had fought on many fields together. That 
brings men close to each other, even when they have not been 
boyhood friends in a rural community. But for many years 

278 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

before, as well as after this letter was written, Middagh had 
been as an elder brother to the fatherless Frelinghuysen. Proud 
of him, he gave freely his confidence, devotion and support in 
all his undertakings until death parted them. 

Washington was not unmindful of his neighbors here. 
Domine Hardenbergh and his good wife stood high in his es- 
teem. In this winter of 1778-9 Col. Middagh had three young 
daughters, Elizabeth, Angelina and Judith. Elizabeth, the eld- 
est, was fourteen years old. Tradition says she loved nice 
clothes and believed they were made to be worn ; also that she 
was scarcely one of those stately, demure maidens that Wal- 
lace Nutting paints to ornament his colonial porches. For her 
times she was modern, and we may be sure she had no trouble 
to find her way past the guards here and to the side of George 
and Martha Washington. Nor did she stop there, for we 
know she tripped her way right into their hearts. We are told 
she did the same thing, a little later, with young William Wal- 
lace ; but, however that may be, she gave her own hand and 
heart to a young soldier in her father's regiment, Cornelius 
Vermeule, Jr., a son of her beloved father's lifelong friend. 
They plighted their vows at her home here February 14th, 
1 781, and the Washingtons sent her a wedding present which 
was the talk of old Somerset for many a day. To this spright- 
ly lady and her deep love for her father is owed the preserva- 
tion of the letters which her great-grandsons now present 

Frelinghuysen resigned from Congress about three months 
after this letter was written, and resumed command of his Reg- 
iment. He served another term, however, in i782-'3, was elect- 
ed to the United States Senate in 1793 and resigned therefrom 
in 1796. In 1794 he lost his wife, Gertrude Schenck. At al- 
most the same time Middagh lost his youngest daughter, Ju- 
dith, whom we know, from the pen of her loving nephew, Der- 
rick Vermeule, to have been the joy and pride of the family. 
About this time three little boys often played together about 
the old stone house. They were Theodore, the motherless son 
of Frelinghuysen, little Derrick Vermeule and his brother, 
Cornelius 3d, the grandsons of Middagh. Through their lives 

Revolutionary Days in Old Somerset 279 

they perpetuated to the third and fourth generation a friend- 
ship which began with the first settlers. To your speaker noth- 
ing in life is more beautiful than the family friendships which 
have lasted unbroken here along the Raritan for over two cen- 
turies. New Jersey is to-day largely peopled by those who 
know nothing of her traditions, but still we find among her 
most loyal and useful citizens many descendants of those who 
helped to lay her very foundations. 

In 1845, m t-he City of New York, Theodore Frelinghuysen 
had become Chancellor of the University, and Cornelius Ver- 
meule a pastor of Harlem Church, and we find their names 
signed together upon the first petition for an International 
Court of Arbitration, nearly eighty years ago. These two, 
sons and grandsons of the warriors of the old First Somerset, 
who had played together here at this very spot, had lived to 
see a vision of world peace, a vision which is still fleeting, 
eighty years later. 

But we have come to a time in our story where we find the 
shadows gathering about the lives of our two Colonels of the 
First Somerset. Both had devoted eight long years entirely to 
their country's service. In consequence they had suffered sore- 
ly in their private fortunes. In 1795 Middagh sold his home to 
pay his debts, and a year later, when fifty-three years old, he 
left for the far-off Lake Country to begin life anew. 

It was a time of bitter party feeling. Washington, himself, 
was the victim of vindictive partisan abuse. Frelinghuysen 
also came in for his share. He was charged with irregular at- 
tendance at the Congress. It was not easy for him to give all 
the time that his country demanded of him, for, from the age of 
twenty-one, for twenty years, he had little chance to even lay 
the foundations of a personal fortune. He was aggressive and 
could illy brook this and other unfair criticism. But Middagh 
suffered likewise, and it wounded him still more deeply, for he 
was not in office, was proud, sensitive and retiring, and the 
cruel partisan shafts were aimed at him solely because he was 
the loyal friend and staunch supporter of Senator Frelinghuy- 
sen. I low much it hurt him is evidenced by a letter he wrote 
from Ovid, New York, March 2nd, 1S04, to his brother-in-law, 

280 Proceedings Nav Jersey Historical Society 

Peter Davis, and Jane, Peter's wife, who was a daughter of 
J Col. Matthias Ten Eyck. I present the society with a copy of 
this letter, also, that it may have something from each of these 
patriot leaders of the First Somerset. It is a family letter, hut 
it is a link with the past of Somerset and it portrays Middagh's 
character. It concludes with the following words : "With our 
wishes of God's blessings and our loves to you and all yours ; 
your respected Mother; Uncle Isaac and family; Col. Van dcr 
Veer and his ; Mr. Van Veghten and his ; in short to all friends 
and acquaintances, Gen. Frelinghuysen not excepted, for whom 
I've sufTered much reproach and know not but I do still, for I 
cannot bear stigmatizing." Let no one conclude that Mid- 
dagh was soured in spirit, for his letter breathes his deep affec- 
tion for his old home and neighbors, including Frelinghuysen, 
a gentle submission to God's will, and a kindly interest in his 
new neighbors at Ovid. 

Their critics were not so numerous, nor were they representa- 
tive of this county or State, but while fighting in the war these 
two devoted leaders of the First Somerset, who had been actu- 
ated by the highest of ideals, had heard only the plaudits of 
their countrymen. The aftermath of the struggle had brought 
to some of these a sordid reaction and a spirit of carping, par- 
tisan criticism. Mainly this came, as it always does, from those 
who had borne no equal part in the struggle, and was the fruit 
of a consciousness of their own inferior deserts. 

The victims felt stifled in such an atmosphere. Skilled as 
they were in open warfare, Frelinghuysen and Middagh knew 
not how to parry the covert thrust of the political assassin. 
The "stigmatizing" burned deep into the proud soul of Col. 
Dirck, and so, with head erect and conscience clear, the old 
soldier departed to pass the gloaming of his life in the pure, 
sweet atmosphere of a new country, close to nature and his 
God. The fervent prayers and good wishes of the very best of 
old Somerset went with him, and not a few of his friends ac- 
companied him thither. 

But the good that such men do lives after them. When they 
have passed from earth, envy and malice die; love and grati- 
tude burn brighter. Just a month and a day from the date of 

Records Concerning the Morris County Court House 281 

this letter, General Frelinghuyscn was gathered to his fathers. 
He was but fifty-one years old. When the news came to Dirck 
Middagh, after the sun had set beyond the waters of Seneca 
Lake, he sat and dreamed in the shadows. Forgetting all the 
reproach, as the shadows lengthened he saw once more this, 
his boyhood home on the Raritan, and the Domine's son ; the 
little fatherless boy he first knew ; the lad he took with him to 
fish in his Indian canoe, or gather wild plums on the banks of 
the river ; the grown young man of whom he had been so proud 
when he returned from Princeton College. Then suddenly once 
more the beacons flashed along the hilltops; the bugles of the 
First Somerset sounded their call to arms. Once more he and 
Frelinghuysen heard only the plaudits of their grateful coun- 
trymen as they led their regiment down the Raritan to meet the 

Jm t?5 ^J* ^i 


In a recent number of the "New Jersey Law Journal" (July, 
1923) appeared an article by Justice Charles W. Parker, enti- 
tled "The Classic Morris Court House and Its Judges." It 
gave an interesting account of that fine, nearly century-old 
building and of the Judges who presided at Morristown from 
1826 onward. Subsequent to the writing of that article Judge 
Parker received some data collected by the Library staff of the 
Morristown Library concerning the building of the present 
court house in 1825, which he has kindly placed at our disposal. 
For the purposes of preserving the important portions of these 
records we quote therefrom: 

From the Morristown "Palladium of Liberty," Thursday, 
July 7, 1825. 

"The Board of Chosen Freeholders assembled at the Court 
House last week to deliberate on the possibility of building a 
new Court House and Gaol and the offices necessary for the 
use of the county. The result of their deliberation was an al- 
most unanimous opinion that a new Court I louse and Gaol 
were necessary and ought speedily to be built, but I am in- 


282 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

formed that they require the citizens of Morris Town to pur- 
chase a certain lot of land by them designated, to pay the sum 
of $1,000 over and above their proportion of taxes for the ef- 
fecting of these objects. I ask, is such a requisition equitable, 
honorable or honest? Morris Town is the proper place for lo- 
cating these buildings, or it is not; if the proper place, then its 
citizens, who pay their taxes and contribute their due proportion 
to the other incidental expenses of the county, ought to pay no 
more than their fair proportion of tax, when compared with 
other citizens. If Morris Town is not the proper place, then 
are the Board of Freeholders sacrificing the interest of 25,000 
inhabitants for the pitiful sum of $2,500, the estimated amount 
of the lot and cash required. I think that it may be safely cal- 
culated that if these buildings are erected on a site and of a size 
correspondent with the importance and extent of the county, 
that its population will exceed 75,000 before new buildings for 
these purposes will again be necessary. Our fathers have done 
for us what we are unwilling to do for our posterity. 

"I was told that the lot selected by the Freeholders for the 
Court House, offices and Gaol was what is called Talbor, or 
Mill's corner. I took the pains while at Morris Town to meas- 
ure its contents by pacing, and found it to be about 60 feet 
wide in the front on the Green and about 120 feet deep on 
South street. Now if all the proper buildings with their neces- 
sary appendages are put on that lot, there will not be a piece 
of ground larger than my hand for a prisoner to walk or air 
himself on. . . . [Rest of account lost]. 

From the "Paladium of Liberty" October 13, 1825 

"Board of Chosen Freeholders of the County of Morris will 
meet at the Court House in Morris Town on Friday, the 14th 
of October, inst., at 10 o'clock A. M. on the subject of a new- 
Court House, etc. 

"John S. Darcv, 
"Director of the Board. 
"Hanover, October 1, 1825." 

From the "Paladium of Liberty," Thursday, July 13, 1826 

"On Thursday last, the Judges of our County Court then in 
session with the members of the Grand Jury, the gentlemen of 
the Bar and the citizens of the town, formed in procession at 
the old Court House and, preceded by the architects and la- 
borers now engaged in building a new Court House, proceeded 
to the site on which it is erecting for the purpose of performing 
the ceremony of laying the corner stone of the building; and, 

Records Concerning the Morris County Court House 283 

having received the appropriate address by George K. Drake, 
Esq., which follows, Jesse Upson, Esq., the Presiding Judge, 
then went through the ceremony, and the procession again re- 
turned and dispersed, the members of the Court to the execution 
of their official duties, and the citizens to their respective 

Extracts from Modern Publications as to the Ancient Buildings 

1755 — "It was during the year 1755 that the first courthouse, 
a rude log structure, was erected near the centre of what is 
now the Morristown Green. . . . This primitive court- 
house served the purpose also of a jail, and here for a period of 
fifteen years 'impartial justice,' it is to be hoped, 'held her equal 
scales;' until the year 1770." (Sherman, Historic Morristown, 
p. 67.) 

1770 — "May 17, 1770, the trustees being duely called and met 
at the county ( ?) house and agreed to convey a part of the 
meeting house land to the freeholders of the County of Morris 
for the benefit of the Court House." . . . June 7, 1770, the 
trustees met and gave a deed for one acre of land on which the 
court house standeth to three majestrets and the Freeholders of 
the County of Morris." (First Pres. Church History Records, 
p. 24.) 

1770 — "The new courthouse and jail erected in the year 
1770 was a one-story frame structure, about thirty-five feet in 
depth and forty-five feet in length, shingled on all sides and on 
the roof. It extended out to about the centre of what is now 
the street passing in front of the United States Plotel and faced 
to the northwest, or toward the present site of the above named 
building." (Sherman, Historic Morristown, p. 68.) 

1771 — "In the year 1771, [Sept. 7] 'the trustees, Henry 
Primrose, Benjamin Bayles, Benjamin Cox, Samuel Roberts, 
Joseph Stiles, Samuel Tuthill and Stephen Conkling, in con- 
sideration of 5 [pounds] and also for and in consideration that 
the Justices and Freeholders of Morris County, and successors 
do constantly and continually keep full and in passable repair 
that part of the hereafter mentioned lott of land commonly 
called the gully containing one acre strict measure for the sole 
use and purpose of a Court House, Gaol, etc." (First Pres. 
Church History Records, p. 130.) 

1776 — "A second story was added to this courthouse and jail, 
also a cupola and bell." 

From the "Morris Jcrscyman," Sept., 1907, Quoting from 1827 
"In 1827, at the July term of the Morris County Courts, the 

284 Proceedings Neiv Jersey Historical Society 

present Court House nearing completion, the Hon. George K. 
Drake, Wm. Halsey, Theo. Frelinghuysen, Henry A. Ford and 
Jacob W. Miller, Esqrs., were appointed a Committee by the 
Court to "form a plan of arrangements to be carried into effect 
for the opening of the new Court-House in Morris-Town in 
the term of September next." The Committee met and or- 
ganized and respectfully submitted the following arrangements 
to the Court : 

"That a Procession be formed in the following order: 1. 
Music. 2. Sheriff. 3. Board of Chosen Freeholders. 4. Build- 
ing Committee. 5. Master Builders. 6. Clergy and Orator. 
7. Gaoler and Crier. 8. Constables. 9. Coroners. 10. Jus- 
tices of the Supreme Court. 11. Judges of the Common Piers. 
12. Justices of the Peace. 13. Clerk and Surrogate. 14. At- 
torney General and Prosecutor. 15. Members of the Bar. 16. 
Grand Jury. 17. Petit Jury. 18. County Collector and Asses- 
sors. 19. Citizens. 

"Order of Dedication: 1. Open with Prayer. 2. Address. 
3. Prayer. 4. Opening the Courts in due form of law. 5. 
Calling and swearing the Grand Jury. 6. Charge to the Grand 
Jury. 7. Adjournment of the Courts to the next day. 

"This Committee [was] appointed to deliver an address at 
the opening of the new Court House [and proposed:] That 
the Washington Band of Music be invited to attend. That 
Abraham Brittin, Walter Kirkpatrick and Thomas Dickerson 
Esqrs., be Marshalls of the Day. That Lewis Mills and Eze- 
kiel Whitehead be a special committee to fill vacancies and effect 
all the necessary arrangements. That the foregoing proceed- 
ings be published in both the papers printed in this town. 

"The opening services were held September 26th. The Rev. 
Mr. Barnes opened the exercises with prayer, after which 
Henry A. Ford, Esq., delivered an excellent address. The 
closing prayer was offered by the Rev. Mr. Berger, of Bottle- 
Hill. The building is 75 feet by 45 — three stories high. The 
first story contains the Clerk's, Surrogate's and Sheriffs offices, 
a fire-proof room for records and parlour, and five rooms for 
debtors and criminals. In one end of the second story is the 
Court-room, 42 feet square within the walls, and iJ l /2 feet 
high. The end of the building opposite the Court room is di- 
vided in heights into two stories, appropriated to the delibera- 
tions of the Grand and Petit Jurors and family apartments. In 
the basement story or cellar are 3 cells, with family apartments 
and a furnace for heating the prisons, etc. The whole will cost 
upwards of twenty thousand dollars. 

"The architects were Mr. Lewis Carter, of Chatham, and 

Records Concerning the Morris County Court House 285 

Mr. Joseph M. Lindsley of this town." [Mr. Lindsley was 
elected Sheriff in the fall election and was the first sheriff to 
occupy the new building]. 

The Court and County officers in that year were: Chief 
Justice, Charles Ewing; Associate Justices, Gabriel Ford, 
George K. Drake ; Common Pleas Judge, James Wood ; Attor- 
ney-General, Theodore Frelinghuysen ; Prosecutor, Jacob W. 
Miller; Sheriff, Elijah Ward; County Clerk, Zepheniah Drake; 
Surrogate, Jesse Upson. 

From the "Jcrscyman" of April 18, 1827. 

"Now that our old Court-House is torn down, it is presumed 
the citizens of this village will show a little public spirit by 
leveling and ornamenting die Green. But few places in the 
State can surpass this in point of situation or advantages, but 
the inhabitants generally have been too much devoted to their 
own interests to improve the appearance of the town. It would 
be no injury to the place if some of the houses were newly 
painted and many of the fences repaired." 

From the "Palladium of Liberty," Sept. 27. 1827 

"The new court house was dedicated, agreeably to previous 
arrangements on Tuesday. It is truly a noble editice and cred- 
itable to the county, as well as honorable to the liberality of 
those who projected and reared it. The first floor of the build- 
ing is occupied by the County Clerk and Surrogate, and as the 
county prison. Dwelling apartments for the gaoler are also 
provided under the same roof. On the second floor are a 
Court room, which, for convenience and elegance, is equalled 
by few and surpassed by none in the country ; a grand jury 
room and rooms for the accommodation of petit jurors. The 
whole is finished in the most durable manner and for safety, 
spaciousness and beauty is without parallel in New Jersey. The 
architecture is chaste and the promptitude and fidelity with 
which the work has been executed are fully equalled by those 
traits in the character of the builder, Mr. Joseph M. Lindsley. 
We deem this deed to be his due as a man and as a mechanic. 
His work speaks for itself and will long remain a monument of 
his taste, as well as of the public spirit and wealth of our 

"The exercises were opened by a dedication prayer which was 
offered by the Rev. Albert Barnes of this town, in that gentle- 
man's happiest manner. It was a fervent offering from a heart 
where glows the pure flame of patriotism, the warmest love of 
country, the strictest regard and most ardent attachment to 
justice, and the purer flani^ of piety which we trust was de- 
voutly responded by many patriotic bosoms. An appropriate 

2%6 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

address was then delivered by Henry A. Ford, Esq., when the 
throne of justice and mercy was again addressed by the Rev. 
Mr. Berger of Bottlehill. 

"The dedicatory exercises being finished, the Court was 
opened in due form, His Honor, Chief Justice Ewing, presid- 
ing. His charge to the grand jury was a masterly performance, 
embracing much information and indicating erudition in his 
profession. We should be glad to see it laid before the public." 

The lay Judges in Morris in 1827 were: Silas Coolier, Cor- 
nelius Ludlow, Edward Condict, Lemuel Cobb, Joseph Smith, 
James Wood, William Morris, Daniel Horton, David Mills, 
Joseph Jackson, Jesse Upson. 

It is interesting to note that the cost of the 1827 Court House 
was approximately only $25,000. 

From the deed of the land on which the Court House and ad- 
jacent buildings stand we learn that the conveyance of land was 
by James Wood and wife to "The Chosen Freeholders of the 
County of Morris," dated Sept. 20, 1825, but not recorded un- 
til Oct. 23, 1826. The consideration was $100, and conveys 
i 20 / 100 acres, and the condition of its use is thus set forth: 

"To have and to hold . . . unto the said The Board 
. . . and their successors in trust to and for the use of the 
county of Morris upon this express condition, that the said 
premises be occupied, possessed and enjoyed for the following 
uses and purposes and no other, that is to say, for the pur- 
pose of erecting and maintaining thereon a suitable Court House 
and Gaol, with such public offices as are now or hereafter may 
be required for the convenience of the county of Morris as 
Clerk's office, Surrogate's office, Sheriff's office, and also a 
dwelling house for thej Sheriff, Deputy Sheriff or Gaoler, to- 
gether with a barn, garden, well of water and all other suitable 
buildings, improvements and conveniences for the accommo- 
dation of the family of the Sheriff. Deputy Sheriff or Gaoler 
residing on said premises . . . but no part of said premises 
shall ever be sold or let out for dwelling houses, stores, grocer- 
ies or workshops for the carrying on of any branch of trade or 
manufacture whatever." 

It further provided that if the Court House should not be 
erected on the lot within five years or the lot thereafter should 
not be occupied and used as the site of a County Court House, 
then the land should revert back to James Wood, his heirs or as- 

Pioneer Days in Boonton, N. J. 287 



When Riioda Farrand made the first drive for war work in 
Morris county and not only went over the top but furnished an 
example to all workers ever since, there were, all told, five 
houses in Boonton : That of Daniel T. Pierre, on the site of 
Mr. Wortendyke's house ; that of Mr. Low, the house where 
Mr. Elihu Banta lives ; Edmund Kingsland's, on the site of the 
Messiter property ; Christian Laurier's, on the ground now 
owned by Mr. Hitchcock. On a cleared place near the corner 
of Church and Main streets stood a log cabin occupied by a 
man named Frederichs. 

Mr. Pierre's ancestor, Jacob Pierre, purchased 1,100 acres of 
land, extending from the river at Old Boonton to Hog Moun- 
tain, and from the river at Montville northwest to William 
street, for one shilling an acre. Many years later, when this 
property was divided among his heirs, some taking the portion 
on the east and others on the west of a line where the railroad 
now is, this was familiarly spoken of as the division, and later, 
when a street was cut through, it was naturally called Division 

Christian Laurier, also a Huguenot, had a daughter noted 
for her fiery patriotism. A relative, Col. Van Houten, was in 
the American army. It was the custom of Miss Laurier to 
make frequent trips over the hills to the camps at Pompton, tak- 
ing whatever she could for the comfort of the soldiers, cun- 
ningly hid in the hem of her capacious skirts. Though this was 
risky, it is not recorded that she was ever caught by the Tories. 

Edmund Kingsland, who married Anna Low, daughter of 
Abraham Low, for his second wife, built a Dutch stone cottage 
in 1776. This stood, in good condition, until a few years ago, 
when it was torn down by one of Edmund Kingsland's direct 
descendants. Kingsland was one of the 170 signers of a docu- 
ment gotten up by the Committee of Safety, which read that 
they — 

"Under God, on the firm union of the inhabitants, do, with 

*Paper read before the Parsippany Chapter, D. A. R., October, 1918. 

288 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

hearts abhorring slavery, and ardently wishing for a reconcilia- 
tion with our parent state on Constitutional principles, sol- 
emnly associate and resolve, under the sacred ties of virtue, 
honor and love of our country, that we will personally, and as 
far as our influence extends, endeavor to support and carry in- 
to execution whatever measures may be recommended by the 
Continental and Provincial Congresses for defending our Con- 
stitution and preserving the same inviolate," etc. 

Among the signers we note with interest the names of : Phin- 
eas Farrand, Samuel Farrand, Abraham "Peer," Eliphalet 
Lyon, John Parlaman. 

Mrs. Low, I have been told, was the daughter of John Par- 
laman, and in her youth must have lived through many thrilling 
adventures as the daughter of a man hated by the Tories. 
Claudius Smith, the notorious Tory brigand, had his head- 
quarters in the mountains near Ramapo, from whence he made 
incursions into Upper New Jersey. One time an armed com- 
pany of these Tories entered the house of John Parlaman, near 
Montville, in the daytime. Failing to apprehend him, they 
took what provisions they could find, compelled Mrs. Parlaman 
to surrender her jewelry, tore her earrings from her ears and 
even threatened her life. 

The only fact mentioned about Frederichs is, that he planted 
pear trees, which lived and bore fruit close to ioo years. 

With the building of the Morris Canal and the vast improve- 
ment in transportation it gave, from the previous carrying of 
ore in bags on horseback from Succasunna to "Boonetown," 
and by the same method the manufactured article over the 
Orange Mountains to Newark, came the decline of the old vil- 
lage. An English company, the New Jersey Iron Company, 
was incorporated, and it purchased 200 acres of land from Wil- 
liam Scott and a smaller parcel from Daniel T. Pierre, and built 
iron works in the valley below the falls. This settlement was at 
first called "Boonetown Falls," to distinguish it from old 
"Boonetown." The Company sent an agent, Mr. Asten, to 
England for skilled workers in iron. lie was empowered to 
offer good wages and free transportation of families and house- 
hold goods, and so effectively did he tell the story of the advan- 
tages of the new country that a sufficient number of men to 

Pioneer Days in Boonton, N. J. 289 

start the new project was soon secured. It was a slow-sailing" 
vessel, of course, on which they embarked. A cow was on 
board to furnish milk for the babies, and sheep to furnish meat 
on the voyage. There were 58 passengers in all. A partial list 
of these pioneers of 1830 shows the following: Mr. and Mrs. 
Philip Wooton and their young daughter Ellen; Mr. and Mrs. 
Wilson and their children, Emma and Sarah ; John Hodgkins, 
with two of his children, Lavinia and James ; James Taylor and 
wife; James and Ben Norton, brothers. Next year (1831) 
these families came: Thomas Hammond and wife, with two 
sons, Enoch and Thomas ; Mrs. John Hodgkins and four chil- 
dren, Thomas, Mary, Betsey, Sarah. 

When these pioneers ended their long voyages and landed in 
New York there remained the journey by stage over rough 
roads to "Boonetown." What a picture the new home must have 
presented to the weary travelers, how wild and dreary, after 
the cultivated fields of England, and how insignificant the rude 
beginnings of the iron plant ! There were no streets, only paths 
on the hills ; no church and no schoolhouse. The little company 
of English women, isolated in this wild little valley, surely had 
need of hope and all their store of courage. But Mrs. Phillip 
Wooton used to tell her children that that first winter was one 
of the happiest in her life. After the work of the day was done 
and the babies asleep, the men and women used to spend the 
long evenings singing the songs of Merry Old England. 

Mr. Richmond has pictured vividly for us the founding of 
our church : 

"The church first met in the schoolhouse and in private 
homes [the school house standing on Plane Street, just below 
the Soldiers' Monument, the foundations of which can still be 
seen]. But services were held also beneath the great oak trees 
which then covered the hill, and I have been told that the first 
communion service was celebrated beneath a great oak that 
stood on the site of the present church. Imagine the scene on 
that calm July morning, seventy-five years ago, the leafy canopy 
of green overhead, supported by the great branches of oak 
which seemed as though stretched out in benediction, the gold- 
en sunlight glinting through and falling in tongues of gold upon 
the heads of the worshipping company. Off toward the south 
and east glimpses of the Orange Mountains and above them 

290 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

the white clouds floating in the blue. And amidst these sur- 
soundings the little groups of devout Christians seated around 
the simple table, covered with a clean cloth, upon which were 
spread the emblems of our Redeemer's dying love. I think of 
the Bethsaida scene where, moved with compassion, our Saviour 
broke the bread and fed the hungering multitude. Who can 
doubt but that the Blessed Master was present that July morn- 
ing, and in that first communion service repeated again the mira- 
cle of Galilee?" 

I love to think of that as being the beginning of this church 
and that it was a token of the blessing that shall follow her all 
the days. 

In those first days the tunes were pitched and the hymn 
raised by some man with a good ear and a strong voice. On 
some occasions, and at funerals in farm houses, only the min- 
ister had a hymn book and the hymns were sung one line at a 

The iron works prospered and the little settlement grew. The 
superintendents from the first showed consideration for the 
men. They encouraged them to buy land and build homes by 
offering lots on easy terms, ten dollars down, and, when fifty 
dollars had been paid, a deed was given. Most departments of 
the mill were closed on Saturday afternoon, and the men spent 
that time clearing their lots, blasting the rocks, which they used 
for foundations and for the fine walls, mostly of pud^ : ng stone, 
which are so characteristic of Boonton. Arbor vitae hedges 
were a favorite way of enclosing the yards. Fruit trees were 
many and choice. The English were great gardeners and there 
was much rivalry as to who would have strawberries, or peas, 
or new potatoes first. The houses were well-built, but plain 
and unpretentious, such as the men could afford. Almost all 
these houses were mortgaged at first and the husband and wife 
worked together to reduce and finally to pay the encumbrance. 
As they could afford came the improvements ; a baywindow 
thrown out here, a gable there, or a new room added for a more 
commodious parlor as the children were growing up. To me 
there is something very sweet and natural about the making of a 
home after this fashion. Every workman from the humblest 
laborer up to those who held the most important positions 


Pioneer Days in Boonton, N. J. 291 

seemed to take a pride in the output of the whole plant, and to 
feel an ownership in it. And day and night the blast furnaces 
and puddling mills were operated. At all hours of the night 
the men on the different shifts were going to or returning from 
their work. So the little town slept in peace and felt safer than 
the most perfectly policed town. 

Returning to the subject of hymns. Once, at the mid-week 
service at the manse, when my uncle, Mr. Enoch Hammond, 
was a lad of nineteen, Rev. Mr. Megie gave out the following 
hymn : 

Raise your triumphant songs 

To an immortal tune; 
Wide let the earth resound the deeds 

Celestial grace has done. 

Sing how eternal love 

Its Chief Beloved chose, 
And bade him raise our wretched race 

From their abyss of woes. 

His hand no thunder bears, 

No terror clothes his brow ; 
No bolts to drive our guilty souls 

To fiercer flames below. 

'Twas mercy filled the throne, 

And wrath stood silent by, 
When Christ was sent with pardons down 

To rebels doomed to die. 

The hymn books in use had the words only, no notes. The 
hymn was marked "Common meter." So my uncle started it 
to the tune "Evans," only to find it should have been marked, 
"Short meter." Now, the difference between the common meter 
and the short meter is a difference of two words in the first line 
cf each verse. But the quick-witted youth was not to be fazed 
by any such obstacle, so he added "to God" to the first line and 
sang it — 

"Raise your triumphant songs to God." 

The second stanza he amended thus : 

"See how eternal love he shows." 

292 Proceedings Nezv Jersey Historical Society 

But the third one — "His hand no thunder bears" — was a poser. 
So he omitted that, and sang the last one: 

" 'Twas mercy filled the throne of God." 

At the close of the meeting the young folks gathered round him 
and said, "Why, you had a different book from ours V* But he 
never explained. 

When wakeful or caring for the sick, it was a comforting 
sound to hear the heavy friendly tread of the men in the lonely 
hours of the night. And you always knew whose tread it was, 
for everybody knew the names of the day shifts and the night 
shifts. And it was the boast of early Boonton, that a woman 
would be safe any hour of the night to walk from Peer's Lock 
to the Pond Bridge. There was something almost paternal in 
the attitude of the Boonton Iron Works to Boonton. In the 
Summer time, when work was slack and the mills were closed, 
the big, sweet-smelling carpenter shop was used for fairs. The 
Company gave the land for the first church. The first school 
was maintained by the Company. The rolling-mill, when not 
running, was beautifully swept and garnished, seats made of 
new boards and used for political meetings. I can remember 
one such meeting, and the awe with which I gazed at the im- 
mense silent water wheels, and looking through interlacing 
rafters up, up to the peaks of the roof, where Old Glory never 
seemed so glorious. The words of the speakers were beyond 
my comprehension, but, somehow, the first se<xls of patriotism 
were implanted on that occasion. 

Upon the hills, early one morning, while an awful snow 
storm was raging, a young nailer died. Mr. Lathrop, then 
superintendent, sent teams and men from the mill to open the 
streets from the modest home to the church, and from the 
church to the cemetery on the hillside. 

Mr. William Green, one of the earliest superintendents, a 
kindly, capable man, may be recalled by William Street, named 
for himself, Cornelia, named for his wife, and Green Street 
named for the whole Green family. 

At first supplies were brought from Parsippanv ; there was 

Pioneer Days in Boonton, N. J. 293 

mail only three times a week. A journey to New York was a 
fearsome thing and not to be lightly undertaken, when it had to 
be made all the way by stage. Some women made the journey 
twice a year, to buy clothing and household necessities. Table 
linen was woven at Hanover, probably by the Mul fords. Most 
of the dress goods and shawls, ribbons, lacea and fripperies 
were bought from peddlers who made regular trips from New 
York. The trade warranted it, and they carried silks of excel- 
lent quality and beautiful and expensive shawls. Many a 
young bride had a fine outfit bought from Isaac Bloom, from 
the father first and later from the son, Isaac, who succeeded 

A stage went from Parsippany to Newark three times a week, 
driven by Mr. Ezra Estler. By him the women sent for many 
things. He had a wonderful memory. Women all along the 
route would stop him to send for something. He never made a 
note of anything to be purchased, and he is on record as never 
having forgotten any errand. The Wooton family moved to 
Troy, N. Y., and returned to Boonton after two years ; Air. 
Estler carting the furniture to New York. On their return as 
he unloaded he said : "Mrs. Wooton, you've brought back every 
piece of furniture you took away except one little chair ;" and 
he was right ! 

In 1835, the railroad being completed to Morristown, brought 
the little town nearer of access to the metropolis, and in 1848 
the road was completed to Dover, and that brought the rail- 
road to within five miles of Boonton. Fror. that time on a 
stage made two trips daily to Denville. Before daylight in the 
winter "Jake Messier," the stage driver, would make his rounds 
gathering up the passengers. He has gone down in history as a 
crabbed man. On his last trip, after 20 odd years of staging, 
he said: "And what I've suffered from the tongues of women. 
nobody knows." And one woman had the courage to pipe up : 
"And what women have suffered from your tongue nobody 

The servant question was a simpler one to the housekeepers 
than it is today. The help came mostly from the farmers' 
daughters, or from the warm-hearted Irish, many of whom 

294 Proceedings Nezv Jersey Historical Society 

lived in one family from the time of their landing in America 
to their marriage. These were the days of long afternoons and 
it was customary for the mistress to teach the maid to sew. 
There are still left on the hill a few old Marys and Ellens and 
Bridgets who speak in the most loving and grateful way of 
what they owe to Mrs. Lathrop, Mrs. Crane, Mrs. Jenkins, 
Mrs. George Fuller, Mrs. Wooton, Mrs. Hill, Mrs. Megie and 
Grandmother Hammond. The families living on canal boats, 
laid up for the winter, often furnished good help for extra oc- 
casions. One, Susan Duper, a colored woman, was an excellent 
housekeeper. The wages were $5.00 a month, the cook at Mr. 
Lathrop's receiving the top wage, $6.00. The tie between mis- 
tress and maid was a strong one. No machines of any kind 
lightened housework then. Most housewives raised or bought 
a pig, salted their pork, made lard, sausages, roliches, head- 
cheese. The English made much of the celebrations at Christ- 
mas and on birthdays, when plum puddings were always a part 
of the feast. Closets were stored with homemade wines, which 
were often served to callers with fruit cake. Shelf after shelf 
was filled with preserves and pickles. Servants so admirably 
trained in such a variety of household work made, themselves, 
excellent housewives when they married. 

The wages in the mill were good and regularly paid and there 
were no poor in Boonton. There were no nurses in those days, 
trained or untrained, and at first no doctor nearer than Parsip- 
pany, so the women had to meet many emergencies of life and 
solve many problems by their native wit and wisdom. Motherly 
women gave their services when the babies came ; neighbors 
sat up with the sick and the same friendly hands performed the 
last services when death came. Miss Lathrop said of those 
early times: "The little community seemed like one family, and 
I never remember thinking of class distinction — we all seemed 
alike and close in sympathy." 

The first school-ma'am in Boonton was Miss Dean. The 
school was supported by the New Jersey Iron Company, and 
was situated on the bank near where the soldiers' monument 
stands, a part of a dwelling-house being used for the purpose. 
In 1832 the first school house was completed, the building still 

Pioneer Days in Boonton, N. J. 295 

standing on the corner of Cedar and Liberty streets. The site 
was well chosen ; there were fine forest trees, a beautiful brook 
(that had not then been overtaken by civilization and made to 
go under a street, shut out from the sunlight and being covered 
over with flagging and, as a last indignity, made a receptacle 
for sewage) sang its way happily down the hill and afforded 
endless amusement for the children. Flexible flyers not yet 
being invented in winter the children turned the benches upside 
down and rode down the hill. This schoolhouse served the com- 
munity for twenty years. The last teacher was Marcus Martin, 
who closed his work in Boonton just 66 years ago, receiving 
$350 salary. : Mrs. N. A. Myers was one of his pupils. Mr. 
Martin taught the children to sing and to recite. They gave 
little entertainments in Boonton, which, being well received, 
aroused their ambition to take their talent out of town. So 
they planned to go to Parsippany. Part of the program is re- 
membered : 

Mary Wooton sang — "I'm a pilgrim, I'm a stranger, I can 
tarry, I can tarry but a night." Mary Williams sang — ''Come 
buy my roses red." Mary Blaine sang — "Old Uncle Ned." 

Little girls, then as now, could be depended upon to do their 
prettiest, to make kindly curtsies and smiles and, trigged out 
in their best, to come out strong in recitations and songs. But 
the boys ! bashful, awkward, so mindful of their hands and feet, 
how to work this material in was the poser. There were John 
Wooton, Malcolm Grimes, Superintendent Green's sons, Dave, 
Charles, William and James. So Mr. Martin taught them to 
play the flute and one girl, Sarah Esten, the flageolet. After 
mastering the rudiments, where could a selection easy enough 
for them to play be found? The teacher hit upon the music 
from a song, not a popular one we hope. It was short, but the 
bars were repeated and again repeated till the proper length of 
an instrumental selection was attained. History owes a debt of 
gratitude to the discretion of that teacher for using the music 
and not the words : 

"My wife is sick, my wife is sick, my wife is sick in bed, 
She's always sick, she's always sick, 
I wish my wife were dead." 

296 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

The night of the entertainment was stormy and when the 
children were seated on the platform in the Parsippany Pres- 
byterian Church the performers numbered more than the au- 
dience. The good women treated the children to coffee and 
crullers and they went home happy. 

In 1 85 1 a new, two-roomed, two-story brick building was 
built on the "Green" in a grove of oak trees. It was for many 
years the only free school in Morris county. The first Board 
of Trustees were : William G. Lathrop, James Holmes, George 
W. Esten, Henry \Y. Crane (Clerk). It was greatly to the 
credit of those pioneers that this schoolhouse was paid for by 
public subscription. The first teacher was a Mr. Corlies with 
his sister as assistant. He was lame, had a violent temper, and 
treated the children with almost unbelievable cruelty. Later 
the town was fortunate in securing the services of Samuel 
Ashbel Farrand, a grandson of Rhoda Farrand, an excellent 
teacher, whose memory is still lovingly cherished by his pupils, 
a few of whom are living. He afterwards became a noted edu- 
cator. DeWitt Clinton Wickham was another excellent prin- 
cipal ; his students were thoroughly grounded in the rudiments 
of Arithmetic, Algebra and English grammar, and always 
passed creditably the teachers' examination. These two men 
stand out conspicuously as the best of the early teachers, and 
it seems fitting that recognition should be given to their work- 
by naming our schools for them. 

Those disreputable old buildings at the corner of Main and 
Liberty streets, which some wag had styled "Hunky Heaven," 
carry no suggestion that they were ever the, scene of stirring 
events. Years ago a low rambling house surrounded by at- 
tractive grounds was on the corner. Next to it was a two- 
story building, the upper part of which contained a large room 
called "Liberty Hall." On the walls was painted this quota- 
tion : 

"No flock that roams the valley wild, 
To slaughter I condemn, 
Taught by the Power that pities me 
I learn to pity them." 

It gives the keynote to the character of the man who lived in 

Pioneer Days in Boonton, N. J. 297 

this house — Doctor John Grimes, strong, independent, of keen 
intellect, tireless in pursuing the right, careless of criticism, 
favorable or otherwise, but most of all a humanitarian. He was 
an Abolitionist at a time when it was not only unpopular but 
invited disaster. His home was one of the stations of the 
underground railroad and many a slave was hidden there. 
Doctor Grimes published a paper called 'The Freedman," a 
complete file of which can be found at the Holmes Library; a 
paper written in fine English. They were printed on a hand 
press, and it is interesting to know that Doctor Grimes' sister, 
Elizabeth, helped to set type and shared with him the toils and 
dangers of the work. 

In 1850, when the present building of the Presbyterian 
Church was completed, the congregation did not feel able to 
put a clock in the tower, so the townspeople raised the money 
by public subscription, making it thus in reality a town clock. 
For 57 years it measured off the hours for Boonton, and many 
a watcher of the sick has been comforted in the lonely hours of 
the night by the striking of that sweet-toned mellow bell. But 
since 191 6 the clock has been silent. 

The first record of an organization of a woman's society was 
that of the women of the Presbyterian Church — a sewing so- 
ciety, and, curiously enough,/ the first object was one of pub- 
lic benefit, a stone wall around the cemetery, in 1852. 

One Saturday morning in the late fifties there was an un- 
wonted stir in the little village. The women hurried through 
with their usual household duties, the children were agog with 
excitement; wagons filled with women and children came in 
from the near-by farms. The interest seemed to center in the 
John Hill store on Plane street. Early in the afternoon the 
band in their natty uniforms came marching down Main street. 
A marshall on horseback appeared. Still the crowd waited 
in excited anticipation, when, down the long flight of steps 
leading from the Main street to Plane street, came tripping 
twenty blooming young women, cheeks aglow and eyes bright 
with excitement. There stood a low, hand-truck on wheels, 
such as were used in carting iron in the mill. On it were a ber- 
rcl of flour, a large pig, the whole decorated with red, white 


298 Proceedings Nezv Jersey Historical Society 

and blue bunting. A long rope wound with white ribbon was 
attached to the cart and quickly the young matrons and maid- 
ens took their places, the marshall on his spirited horse led the 
way, the band came next and then the plucky women drawing 
the loaded cart. Up Plane street to Main, up stony, steep Main 
street and up stonier, steeper Church street, the women drew 
their load, the laughing crowd of friends and neighbors cheer- 
ing them, while the band played its best. At the old Presbyter- 
ian manse (the house now owned by Miss Grimes) the men un- 
loaded the truck and took the flour and the porker to the min- 
ister's family. A women's parade in 1857! The pick of the 
girls from the most conservative families of that conservative 
time ! And a parade, too, sanctioned by their fathers, husbands 
and lovers, many of whom were members of the band ! How 
did this come about? Donation parties to eke out the minis- 
ter's scanty salary were then a fixed institution. As an inno- 
vation Mr. John Hill said he would give a barrel of flour to 
the minister if the women of the church would draw it up to 
the manse. Not to be outdone by Mr. Hill, Mr. George Jen- 
kins said he would give a pig under the same conditions. The 
women took the dare and twenty quickly volunteered. Only 
one lost courage and remained at home weeping, while her 
mother took her place. I have a partial list of the names of 
the young women : 

Margaret Reynolds (Mrs. Samuel Hammond) ; Emily Rick- 
ards (Mrs. Benjamin Hammond) ; Mary Hammond Fitzpat- 
rick; Mary Wooton Myers; Margaret Bird (Mrs. Thomas 
Starkey) ; Mrs. E. B. Gaines; Mrs. George Esten. (Miss Julia 
Gaines lost courage). 

One would give a great deal to know what music the band 
selected as suitable for such an occasion. Did they play, one 
wonders, "The World is upside down," or did they have to 
fall back on "America?" It was the Washington Cornet Band ; 
Leader, Jos. Fitzpatrick, with Enoch Hammond, Joseph Park- 
er, William Grubb, Joseph Hammond, James Myers, Edward 
Fitzpatrick, Smith G. Gage, Thomas Hammond, Daniel 
Mains, Nathaniel A. Myers, James King, 'Squire Gage, Wil- 
liam Beavercombe. 

A Voyage to California in 1849 2 99 

In 1867 a branch railroad to Boonton was completed and, 
easy communication being established with the outside world, 
this ends the pioneer period of history. 

Theirs were the problems of founding, of organizing, of en- 
during privation ; ours the work of continuing, of improving, 
of meeting modern conditions of life. 

"Theirs is the crown and the guerdon, 
Ours is the toil and the quest; 
We are the pilgrims and strangers, 
They are at home and at rest; 
And the river will sing in the valley, 
And the pine trees whisper low, 
And we, too, shall rest as they rest 
Who lived long years ago." 

# * •* S 


The following is the main portion of a letter written by Paul 
Stryker, son of John Stryker of Phillipsburg, N. J., dated July 
12, 1849. It was written to his stepmother, Elizabeth Stryker, 
and explains itself. Evidently the ocean trip then was not as 
delightful as when made on fast steamers to-day. The writer, 
Paul Stryker, later returned to New Jersey for a visit, then 
went back to California and was never heard from afterward. 
"We sat sail January iSth, 1849, w *th tne steamboat that 
towed us, ladened with ladies and gentlemen, and many a wat- 
ery eye did I see there, the ladies in particular; and when the 
brig loosed we gave three hurrahs and they returned the same. 
The sails were hoisted and we went flying before the wind 
about 7 knots. We keep looking back for the last sight of the 
friends we left behind. At last they vanished in a mist of fog; 
then night came on ; we all bunked wherever we could, some 
very sick, and a desperate night it was. However, morning 
came on and, going at a great rate with a high wind, we went 
finely till the third day out ; then a regular northwest storm 
came on and a terrible time it was. The breakers kept thresh- 
ing about and swept the decks from stern to bow ; three feet 
of water in the hole ; pumps going double-geared. About that 
time the landlubbers stared a bit. It lasted about 36 hours, 

300 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

then calmed down ; then it was worse than ever. I thought the 
brig would roll every spar out to her. She shipped the sea so 
that the pigs swam from one end to the other. Then we sailed 
finely on and made the equator in 26 days. Not so hot there 
as I expected ; very pleasant, but the Captain was a regular 

"On we went till we came to the river La Platte; there we 
had a terrible gale of wind which lasted about 12 hours; then 
the old man [the Captain] was up and about, and I guess he 
did a little swearing about that time. On we went like a steam- 
er and doubled Cape Horn in 52 days. Then wind blew a streak 
7 hours one way, 5 the other, and so kept fooling; we couldn't 
get nowhere except where we were drifted. Murdered along 
in that way for 38 long days; drifted down as far as latitude 
60. I froze my feet so that I couldn't wear my boots for six 
weeks, and the Captain froze his head, so that he kept his bed 
most of his time and was partly deranged at that. From that 
time we went slowly along, weather fine most of the time, till 
we got as far as Monterey. The Captain was very low ; 
couldn't get out alone ; land in sight for the first time. The 
old man requested to be carried on deck to take a view and 
soon fainted ; we carried him in ; he came to, then gave orders 
to run direct to the south ; then to put her about bow to the 
land. First mate was in bed ; second mate was on deck to see 
that we would fetch up on the beach. He told the Captain so 
and he swore she would not. The first mate sprang out of his 
bed, went on deck, put her about direct. Had we have been in 
that position three minutes longer we must have been a total 

"From that time on the mate took command and we sailed in 
the Golden Gate with flying colors on the fourth day of July. 
A cheering sight it was to see about 100 sails lying at anchor, 
and a man-of-war with the Yankee flag hoisted, and with a 
volley of smoke bursting from her sides, and a town of tents 
and huts, and the streets thronged with all sorts of looking 
creatures. The Captain got worse and died the next day. 

"As for San Francisco, 1 found it just as I thought ; a healthy 
place, money plenty, the natives quiet men, safer here with 

Dr. John J. Lindcrman and Lindcnnan Family Notes 301 

$20,000 in the pocket than in New York with boots blackened 
and a fine suit on worth $500. The Lynch law is the only law 
here at present. The owners of real estate and business men 
have a company, which call themselves 'The Hounds,' and they 
disperse all mobs in short order. From what I can hear gold is 
as plentiful as the papers tell you. I saw lots of it myself in dif- 
ferent places. Provisions of all kinds very cheap ; liquors the 
same by the wholesale but retail dear; rents very high; lumber 
from $500 to $200 a thousand ; common labor $7 ; mechanics, 
such as carpenters, $18 per day; board $25 per week; washing 
$8 per dozen. I know of a building that rents for $190,000 a 
year and is meaner than any hotel in Easton. 

"I understand that the time is just coming for mining as the 
streams are just falling. Samuel and George Hommanson and 
the rest of our company are well, except three cases of the 
scurvy on board, but recruiting a little. We never spoke any 
vessel all the voyage ; never saw land till three days before we 
made port; lost nothing except a jib boom was blown away at 
the Horn ; as good a voyage as any as I can hear of ; some made 
it a little quicker. We had plenty of water and have 7 casks 
of it yet; 167 days out. Tomorrow we set sail for the City of 
Sacramento, about 190 miles ; there we think of anchoring the 
brig, make a store house of it and leave for the diggings." 

%?» iZ* *5* ^m 



Dr. John Jordan Linderman died in South Bethlehem in 
1872, in the 85th year of his age. He was born in Orange 
county, New York, in 1787. After preparing himself for the 
medical profession, he removed to Pike county, Pennsylvania. 
where he practiced his profession successfully and extensively 
for nearly half a century, and it included practice on the Jersey 
side of the Delaware almost as extensively as in Pennsylvania. 
He had attended the lectures of David Hossack, Valentine 
Mott and the elder Post Hossack, who was a Scotchman, and 

302 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

graduate of the celebrated Edinburg Medical School, and stood 
at the head of the medical profession in the United States. 

The knowledge which the deceased had acquired under the 
instruction of those eminent teachers of the healing art was 
soon made useful. At that time it was the universal practice 
to treat typhoid and other then prevailing fevers by blood- 
letting and similar depleting remedies, which system was at- 
tended by a heavy mortality. Against this system the deceased 
waged a vigorous opposition, and substituted for it, in his own 
practice, a treatment which had for its object the support of the 
human system, until it could throw off disease, and to this end 
he carefully watched the opportunity for supporting the system 
by the administration of tonics. He also opposed the almost 
universal use of mercurials, then so common in the treatment 
of nearly every disease. His successful treatment of typhoid 
and kindred diseases soon won for him an eminence which he 
maintained during the continuance of his professional career. 

It is difficult at this day to estimate the good which resulted 
from the reforms introduced by Dr. Linderman, in the treat- 
ment of disease in the valley of the Upper Delaware. Some 
idea of the evils resulting from the system of depletion then 
practiced may, however, be formed when it is stated that it 
was the usual custom, particularly for persons past the meri- 
dian of life, to be regularly bled several times a year for a 
series of years as a preventive against disease. The Doctor 
exposed the baneful consequences of this pernicious practice 
and lived to see it entirely abandoned. In the practice of his 
profession he made no distinction ; the poor and the destitute 
received his kind words and skilled attention equally with the 
rich. He possessed a cheerful disposition and vigorous con- 
stitution ; a daily ride of forty miles on horseback, or a walk of 
twenty, was as pastime to him. He was never idle, nor sought 
recreation in field sports, but was a devout worshipper at the 
shrine of Nature, and often refreshed his weary spirits by 
visits to her inspiring fields, woods and fountains. 

His dearly beloved wife, who was a woman of rare mind 
and virtues, and who died about eight years previous to his 
own death, was the first convert to Methodism in that section; 

Dr. John J. Linderman and Li>idcrman Family Notes 303 

and ever afterward the ministers of that and other denomina- 
tions made his house their home in their travels up and down 
the valley. 

Although bearing "malice toward none and charity for all," 
the deceased was nevertheless a man of decided character, and 
followed his own convictions. An incident on this point may, 
with propriety, be mentioned. In the exciting Presidential elec- 
tion of 1844 tne Doctor cast the only vote given to the Clay 
electoral ticket in the township in which he then resided, the 
vote being one to one hundred and fifty-two. 

After the death of his wife he relinquished his profession 
and removed to the country residence of his son, Dr. G. B. 
Linderman, in the same county, where he passed his time for 
six years in the study and care of agriculture, which, in his 
periods of leisure, had always been a favorite pursuit. Later 
he removed with his son to South Bethlehem. 1 

Dr. John J. Linderman, born in Orange county, N. Y., was 
a son of Henry Linderman, born in Crawford, Ulster county, 
that State, in 1764, a country landowner and a magistrate of 
that county for more then 40 years, an office-holder in the 
Presbyterian Church and a highly respected citizen. 

Henry Linderman's wife was Mary Shaw, born in Craw- 
ford, 1766, a daughter of Moses Shaw, a Revolutionary soldier, 
(5th N. Y. Reg. Cont. Line). He was killed at Bemis Heights. 
Thirty-six members of the Shaw family were enrolled in the 
Revolutionary Army from that section. 

Henry Linderman was a son of Jacob Linderman, a Colonial 
pioneer, Indian fighter and Revolutionary soldier, (4th Ulster 
County Militia) who, about 1750, with six others, settled along 
the Paltz River in the old Wall Kill section of Ulster county, 
and who cleared 2,000 acres of land adjoining the great tract 
of Philip Schuyler. His eldest son, Cornelius, born in Mont- 
gomery, 1756, was also in the 4th Ulster County Regt., as well 
as the 6th Dutchess County Regt., serving 7 years. He was at 
the battle of White Plains, at the age of 76 was granted a pen- 
sion and died when nearly 92 years old at Ithaca, X. Y. In 

'The foregoing is reprinted, with slight changes, from an obituary 
notice which appeared in a Pennsylvania newspaper in 1872. 

304 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

1771 Jacob Lindernian, as attorney for himself and brother 
settlers, filed a petition for letters patent for their lands on the 
Paltz River. Within the year the Royal Governor, Lord Dim- 
more, having retired, Jacob Lindernian and John McIIenrv 
filed a second petition. They appeared in person before the 
new Governor William Tryon, and the Royal Council. Both 
petitions recite their labors, etc., and their services in "the 
late Indian War." Jacob Linderman was a patriot indeed. He 
w r as twice married, first to Catherine Macklein, by whom he 
had ten children ; second to Catherine Felton, by whom he had 
two children. He was in the first census of 1790, and died at 
an advanced age in 1792. His will is a most interesting docu- 

Of Henry Linderman's sons, the eldest, David, was a soldier 
in the War of 1812; the second, Willett, was District Attorney 
of Ulster county for thirteen years from 1837; another was 
James O., a law partner of Gen. George H. Sharpe of Civil 
War fame, and Treasurer of N. Y. State (James O. Linderman 
was Judge of Ulster county for twelve years;) Henry Shaw, 
who succeeded to the homestead; Peter, the progenitor of the 
Michigan family, and Dr. John J. Linderman. The latter 
married Rachel Brodhead, daughter of Judge Richard Brod- 
head of Pike Co., Pa., a direct descendant of Capt. Daniel 
Brodhead of the King's Grenadiers, who accompanied Col. 
Nicoll's expedition to New Amsterdam in 1664, settling that 
year at what is now Kingston, in command of the forces there 
and remaining in the Province till his death. Of a family of 
Yorkshire gentry, he and his wife, Ann Tye, were the progeni- 
tors of all the Brodhead family in the United States. 

' Rachael Brodhead Linderman was a granddaughter of Gar- 
rett Brodhead, who served seven years in the X. J. State 
Troops in the Revolution, and a great niece of the noted Gen- 
eral Daniel Brodhead, Colonel of the 8th and afterwards of the 
1st Penna. Reg., Cont. Line, and a founder of the Cincinnati 
in Pennsylvania (his only son Daniel, Jr., was a lieutenant in 
Slice's Pa. Batt. Cont. Line) ; also a great niece of Capt. Luke 
Brodhead, 6th Pa. Cont. Line. General Brodhead *s member- 
ship in the Cincinnati is now held by his great-great-grandson. 

Dr. John J . Linderman and Lindcnnan Family Notes 305 

General Gordon Graham Hciner, U. S. Army. General Daniel 
Brodhead was also Colonel Commandant of the Western Mili- 
tary Department from 1778 to 1781, with headquarters at Fort 
Pitt. lie was made Colonel of the 8th Pennsylvania Continen- 
tal Line in 17S1 , and during the same year became Colonel of 
the First Regiment of that line. 

Of the older Dr. Linderman's sons, mention must now be 
made of Dr. Henry R. Linderman, nth and last Director of 
the Mint under the old law, and 1st Director under the new 
law, (Coinage Act of 1873), who reorganized all the minis 
and assay offices under the provisions of the latter Act, exereiV 
ing general supervision from Washington over the entire Coin- 
age Department of the Government until his last term of office 
expired in Dec, 187S, dying the next month, Jan., 1879, at tne 
early age of 53, having literally given his life to the service of 
his country. He was not only a noted authority on coinage and 
finance but a writer and author, his "Money and Legal Tender" 
having had wide circulation as well as his valuable Government 
reports. Of interest to Jerseymen is that he so ably developed 
and filled one of the oldest and most important of Government 
executive offices in the Directorship of the Mints, one of the 
earliest incumbents of which was Elias Boudinot, the friend of 

Dr. Henry R. Linderman married Emily Holland Davis, 
daughter of George Hyer Davis, an early coal operator of Car- 
bon Co., Pa., and a granddaughter of Samuel Holland of 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa., first President of the Pennsylvania Coal 
Co., at one time a partner of Governor Porter of that State. 
His widow survived him until 1903. dying that year at the home 
of their only issue, Henry R. Linderman, in Newark, N. J., 
of which city he has been a resident for nearly thirty years. 
Of many biographies of Dr. Henry R. Linderman in various 
works of that character, the best and most accurate is that in 
Lamb's "Biographical Dictionary of the United States," pub- 
lished in Boston. 

The second son of the older Dr. Linderman was Dr. Garrett 
B., Chairman of the Bethlehem Iron Co., found* r of the Lehigh 
Valley National Bank, director of the Lehigh Valley R. R., a 

306 Proceedings Nezv Jersey Historical Society 

noted coal operator and one of the most widely known busi- 
ness men and capitalists of Pennsylvania in his day, dying in 
1886 at the comparatively early age of 57 years. Dr. G. B. 
Linderman married Lucy Evelyn, daughter of Asa Packer, the 

founder of Lehigh University. 


[Continued from Page 35] 

Record of Benjamin Fairchild 

Mary Fairchild, widow: Now lives near Cayuga Lake, N. 
Y. ; married before the War and had one child ; married in 
Connecticut. First service of husband was in 1776 at New- 
ark, Orange and Bergen, in Summer; was under Obadiah 
Kitchell, in Whippany, in whose Company he belonged at home. 
In following Winter was out on duty, probably at Vermeule's 
under Gen. Winds; Capt. was Kitchell or Bates. In Spring 
and Summer, 1777, performed Tours of duty; in Winter at 
Elizabeth Town. In 1778 was at Monmouth Battle. Was 
one month at Morristown guarding prisoners ; once at Ber- 
gen and Iiackensack. Was in Connecticut Farms and Spring- 
field Battles, when Capt. Kitchell commanded ; on guard duty 
at Westfield. Before marriage her name was Mary Rogers, 
of Bearford, Conn.; marriage was in 1770 or '71; they came 
to Hanover, N. J., about 1772; in all raised a family of 3 
sons and 5 daughters. She is 83 years old ; removed to N. • 
Y. State about 1S16. [Son, Abram Fairchild, corroborated]. 

Record of William McElroy 

William McElroy : Was in year's service against Canada 
in 1775 and '6; James Boyd, Captain; J. Morrison, Lieuten- 
ant; Jacob Piatt, Ensign; Winds, Colonel. Had come over 
with the British army and deserted from them, joined the 
American army and went to Canada. 

Robert Young: Recollects a Scotchman belonging to a Co- 

Condict Revolutionary Record Abstracts (1837-1839) 307 

in Winds' Regiment on the Canadian expedition; remembers 
also Capt. Timothy Tuttle on that Tour in Morris Regiment. 
[21 months alleged ; 9 months admitted ; 12 months proved]. 

Record of Samuel Parsons 

Mary Parsons, widow: Samuel was of New Providence, 
Essex co. He served in 5 months' service in 1776; was a 
Sergeant. Afterward was in Meeker's Cavalry the rest of the 
War, where also a Sergeant. They were married Apr. 25, 
1779, by ^ r - Elmer at her father's (Isaac Crane's) house in 
New Providence. Has remained his widow ever since. 

James Doty: Knew Parsons as horseman in Meeker's Troop ; 
often saw him in active duty as a militiaman on Staten Island, 
and at Rahway, Trembly's Point, Woodbridge, Amboy, Bruns- 
wick, Springfield and at Connecticut Farms when burnt. The 
Troop was on active duty most of the War. Remember him 
especially at Staten Island ; was with him a whole day, expect- 
ing to take some prisoners ; routed the guard, went out in the 
night, had an encounter with the guard; time probably Octo- 
ber, before Monmouth Battle. Parsons just escaped, having 
taken a black boy as captive and was followed by the enemy 
closely; had to swim a creek and had to drop his boy. Often 
saw him train with an Infantry Company. Knows them as hus- 
"band and wife 45 years or thereabouts. 

Joseph Doty: Knew him well; lived within a mile of each 
other. He belonged first to the fort and did duty. At time of 
Monmouth Battle Parsons was with Troop, but went no farther 
than Brunswick. Winds was Commander and ordered the 
troops back to Elizabethtown ; was with Parsons on Staten 
Island in October ; Parsons was in Troop all the time with Doty 
till War ended. Am 85, Jan. 14th last. 

Nathaniel Osborn: Was well acquainted with Parsons as a 
"horseman in the War; often saw him on duty. 

Record of Simeon Morehouse 

Rebecca Morehouse, widow: Resides at New Providence. 
Husband pensioned under law of 1832, $&2. Precise date of 
■marriage not down in family Bible, which reads : Simeon 

308 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

Morehouse, b. May 3. r 75 1 ; Rebecca Morehouse, b. June 6, 
1753. Children: James, b. Oct. 22, 1778, d. Oct. 12, 178.1; 
Betsey, b. Dec. 31, 1779; Hannah, b. Aug. 4, 1 781 ; David, 
b. Apr. 1, 1783, and 7 others. According to best recollection 
they were married Mar. 4, 1778, at Connecticut Farms, where 
her father, James Meeker, had lived, by Rev. Mr. Hovt. Her 
father had been dead about 9 months. Husband performed 
most of his service after marriage. He died May 4, 1836. 

Joseph Doty: Remembers Mr. and Mrs. Morehouse as hus- 
band and wife between 40 and 50 years. 

Record of Philip Scudder 

Hannah Scudder, widow: Philip was a pensioner under law 
of 181 8. They were married about the beginning of the War, 
Jan. 24, 1775. He was enlisted in Capt. S. Howell's Company 
as a drummer one year, and as militiaman after his year's serv- 
ice expired. Was 18 years old on the 6th of November previous 
to marriage. Bible and other goods were in EHas Carter's 
house after she broke up housekeeping ; he ran away last spring 
and carried oft her goods to Ohio, she is told, and took the 
Bible, and so have no record of age at marriage. Was married 
by Rev. [Azariah] Horton, of Bottle Hill. Long Island Bat- 
tle was fought during his expedition to Canada. Is confident 
marriage was in January before her husband enlisted in year's 
service. He went on that duty in the Spring and got home 
one week before Christmas. He had the smallpox and was 
absent from Spring to December, more than a year( ?) ; went at 
first to Amboy, came home on furlough, and soon after detach- 
ment started for Albany. Brought home his discharge, which 
was burned with his house 18 or 20 years since in Green Vil- 
lage. Her name was Hannah Burnet ; father's name, David ; 
lived in Hanover, Chatham township. Mr. Scudder died six 
years ago the 18th of Jan., 1837. Her uncle, Benjamin Clarke, 
David Cory and Esther Parkhurst were present at the marriage, 
but all are dead. Horton (the minister) died of smallpox. No 

Luke Miller: Knew Scudder before the War; he was a 

Condict Revolutionary Record Abstracts (1837-1839) 309 

tailor and worked for his (Miller's) father. Knew both when 
they married. 

William Brittain: Saw Scudder's family Bible and record 
therein of their marriage and his death ; was produced in 
Court by him to enable her to receive the arrears of his pen- 
sion. [Other depositions show marriage was Jan. 24, 1776]. 

Record of Timothy Tuttle 

[Widow is of YVhippany. lie was commissioned Ensign Aug. 
6, 1777, and Captain April 2, 1781 ] . 

Abner Condict: Remembers Tuttle on Northern Campaign; 
was an excellent singer of sacred music; was a Sergeant in 
Joseph Morris's Co. in 1775 and '76; was with Howell in 
New York, Albany, Lake George, Champlain, river Sorell 
and into the St. Lawrence. Left Tuttle at Ticonderoga. Tut- 
tle enlisted as Sergeant for a year and served out the time. 

Robert Young: Verifies above; recollects Tuttle after the 
campaign as an officer, sometimes Ensign, sometimes Captain, 
viz., at Van Milliner's [Yermeule's], near Quibbletown, Hack- 
ensack, Acquackanonk, Springfield, Rahway, Woodbridge and 
Connecticut Farms. He was at Monmouth Battle on duty in 
Losey's, or Young's, Co. 

William Ball: Served under Capt. Tuttle at burning of 
Springfield and at Elizabethtown, two years before 

John Johnson and James Kitchcl: (Corroborate above). 

Thomas J ; ish : Knew Tuttle as Lieutenant ; was in the 
Company under Tuttle. 

[Timothy Tuttle' s "Journal"] : Shows that he and Co. 
marched Dec. 21, 1775, from Capt. Joseph Morris's to Eliza- 
bethtown; remained there till Jan. 14, 1776; then marched 
along Staten Island after Tories, etc., Jan. 18, etc.; marched 
from Bergentown to New York City, Hell Gate, Long Island, 
Newtown, Jamaica, Rockaway, in pursuit of Tories. Jan. 22, 
to Hempstead, Jamaica, Hell Gate, New York, by water to 
Elizabethtown ; was sentry over ship recently taken. Feb. 5, 
received 2 months wages of Capt. Morris. Feb. 7, went to 
New York; sentry on Battery several days; engaged in build- 
ing breastworks in city, etc., and entrenched along Broad- 

310 Proceedings Nczv Jersey Historical Society 

way; made cartridges, etc. Apr. 13, marched to Bushwick, 
L. I. May 2, embarked for Quebec, sailing up North River; 
reached Albany May 8; was reviewed by Gen. Sullivan. May 
13, marched from Albany to Half Moon. May 14, to Still- 
water. May 20, to Fort Miller. May 21, to Fort Edward. 
May 22, to Lake George. May 23, embarked on bateaux on 
Lake. May 24, reached Mills at Fort Ticonderoga. May 27, 
at Crown Point; encamped, waiting arrival of whole brigade. 
May 28, sailed from Crown Point down Lake. May 31, at 
St. John's. June 3, marched to Chamble along the Sorell 
River; went by water 14 miles. June 4, reached town of 
Sorell 30 miles down river and 45 below Chamble. June 6, 
was Sergeant of Fatigue, working at battery under Capt. Meek- 
er. Two Regiments of Pennsylvania's started for Three Riv- 
ers; various tidings as to strength of enemy — 3,000 Regulars, 
17,000 Hanoverians. June 7, New England troops embark for 
Three Rivers Rowed over the Lake ; heard heavy firing 
and soon came hi sight of contest, but could give no assistance, 
the enemy's cannon preventing. Capt. Morris and a party 
sent out in a bateau to watch and espy ; was very nearly made 
prisoner; saved by hard efforts with oars. June 9, rushed of! 
in bateaux for Sorell ; when in the Lake could see the enemy 
firing from their ships; reached Sorell at noon; heard our 
army had been destroyed. Remained there 4 days and re- 
turned to Chamble; hurried off to St. John's Isle, where the 
smallpox was very bad among the men ; many were inocu- 
lated. June 24, reached Crown Point and many began to 
sicken with smallpox ; lost several men from it. July 9. 
stood guard as Sergeant. July 14, left Crown Point. July 
*5» g°t t0 Ticonderoga ; much indisposed some days with 
griping, etc. July 25, left Ti. for other side of Lake. July 
27, care of party on fatigue as Sergeant. Aug. 1, Prussian 
General died. New encampment at Liberty Hill near Fort 
Ti, side of Lake; built works for defense, called Jersey Re- 
doubt. Aug. 18, Sergeant of 2nd Guard. Aug 25. Sergeant 
of guard at Liberty Hill. Sept. 1, Col. Winds returns from 
Jersey, having been gone a month. Sept. 18, Sergeant of 
Guard at Ti. Sept. 27, heard New York had been given up 

Condict Revolutionary Record Abstracts (1837-1839) 311 

to the enemy. Oct. 10, Col. Winds applies to the General to go 
home. Oct. 13, had news; our fleet destroyed down Lake; 
expect to be attacked. Oct. 28, enemy in sight ; gave them 
a few cannon shot. Nov. 1, the Battalion arrives at Ticon- 
deroga. Nov. 5, Col. Winds and men have permission to re- 
turn home. Nov. 6, left Ti on our way home by Skeens- 
borough, Fort Edward, Saratoga, Stillwater, Albany; thence 
went on board a sloop and down river, Nov. 12. 

[On Aug. 10, 1837, Mary Tuttle's (the widow's) declaration 
was sent to Pension office, Washington, claiming 12 months 
service as Sergeant, 10 as Ensign, 10 as Lieutenant and 2 as 

Record of William Rodley 

Elizabeth Rodley, widozv: Aged 71 on Sept. 6 [1837]. For- 
merly was Elizabeth Minton (or Minturn) ; was married at 
house of Abram Egbert, Springfield, by Rev. Mr. Van Arsdale, 
in presence of Catherine Mills (formerly Catherine Egbert), 
thinks soon after close of War. It is 53 years ago on July 24. 
Husband was discharged in June and they were married in 
July. Name written "Wradley." He was an enlisted soldier 
through the War ; was at Springfield and Yorktown ; died 
Oct. 12, 16 years ago last month. 

Record of Robert Liddel 

Rebecca Liddel, widow: Married him in August and was 
19 on May 29th before; married by Rev. Mr. Crosley, Baptist 
minister of Mt. Bethel church as now called, then situated 
below the mountain near Quibbletown. John Stevens, Mary 
Sutton and Else Ingard were present ; all, including father's 
family present, are dead. No Bible record. Husband was for 
many years a constable in Somerset co. Had 2 children when 
husband first enlisted in Howell's Company. Third child was 
born Sept. 5, day before husband's return from Canada. 
Father, William Cozad, who lived near Mt. Bethel church. 
Husband enlisted at Smalleytown two or three weeks before 
Christmas. Winds was his Colonel and Canada his destination. 
Returned after his year expired. Husband died Dec. II, 29 

312 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

years ago last December, in Morris co. and twsp. ; had lived 
there 12 years. She has not married since. Had in all 10 
children, 6 now living. Is in her 87th year, last May 29th. 
(Could get as corroborating witnesses to their married life 
Isaac Smalley, Peter Cooper, Widow Stewart, Widow Kirk- 
patrick, Soloman Boyles). 

Record of David Kitciiel 

Lydia Kitchcl, widow: He was a pensioner who died Feb. 
15, 1836. They were married Aug. 12, 1824, by Rev. John 
Hancock, of Hanover; was then widow of Ebenezer Burner, 
who was living in Warwick twsp., Orange co., N. Y., and was 
an enlisted soldier in the War from beginning to end ; was also 
in Canada at Quebec and saw Montgomery fall. Was married 
to Burnet Nov. 21, 1784, by Justice Gould in Hanover twsp. 

Record of David Erwin 

He was apprentice to Col. Ailing ; was a blacksmith ; at begin- 
ning of the War moved to Hanover from Xewark. Esq. Fair- 
child knew him in Neal's Artillery, serving 2 months in Dec, 
1776, and Jan., 1777; was with army from Elizabethtown, re- 
treating to Brunswick and to Morristown ; was at Springfield 
before the Battle ; returned to Chatham ; thence to Morristown 
till July 1. Afterward he belonged to Bates' Company and 
served at Mm is ink, Bergen and at Newark in Ob. Kitchell's 
Company and at Monmouth Battle. His wife, Catherine, was 
a dau. of Moses Munson. After the War they removed to 
New York City and then to Western New York. 

Record of Caleb Meeker 

Susan Meeker, widow : He served as volunteer 2 years by 
enlistment under his father, Capt. Joseph Meeker. Were mar- 
ried before end of War; was in Meeker's Co., Winds' Regi- 
ment as fifer in Canada expedition. After the War moved 
from Springfield to Morris Co., near Succasunny. 

Robert Young: Knew Meeker served in militia after return 
from Canada at Morristown, Springfield, Amboy, etc. 

A Young Man's Journal of 1800-1813 313 

Robert Pierson : Corroborated. Mrs. Meeker's father wa> 
a Skinner of Plainfield, and a great suflercr from the burning. 
Rev. Mr. Van Arsdale married her to Caleb Meeker. 

Record of William Willet 

Penelope Willet, widow. He was a militia private in (per- 
haps) Capt. Cooper's Co., Col. Middagh's Somerset Regiment. 
William Todd, Esq., met him returning from militia duty after 
a month's tour at Bound Brook ; again when enemy was at New 
Brunswick. [Not again referred to]. 

[To be Continued] 

4fl jjf «|B jl 


[Concluded from Page 225] 

With this number we conclude the interesting "Journal" °f 
the "young man," Johnson. Much of the concluding pages is 
taken up with reveries and poetry that we omit, and a few 
other unimportant reflections are either omitted or abridged. 

"1808, Jan. 1. — This day forms a new era in the annals of 
history. It is a day which will long be remembered with phil- 
anthropy and humanity, in that it forever vanishes the cruel 
and savage custom of dealing in human blood. An Act of our 
Congress this day goes into effect to prohibit the importation of 
slaves, and I am happy to add that a similar law of the Parlia- 
ment of Great Britain also takes place this same day. 

"20. — The embargo still continues, and there arc in conse- 
quence thereof many failures and more expected. It particu- 
larly presses very hard on the poor class of citizens who are 
obliged to get their living by labor, but are now thrown out of 
employ. It is my opinion a measure fraught with more injury 
and loss to the United States than absolute war. It appears by 
the prospect of our political horizon as if war with either Eng- 
land or France is inevitable. We have equal cause of war 
twenty-two miles we arrived at 12 o'clock at Pater, on. At one 


31 4 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

with both nations. I will not say equal, for France has cer- 
tainly given us more offense, treated us with more disrespect, 
and with more insult, than England. Therefore we have now 
to choose with which power we will go to war. I am very cer- 
tain that there cannot want a moment's reflection to choose. It 
is at least as one to ten. England can injure us ten times as 
much as France. But yet, alas ! I am fearful the fatal preju- 
dice of our domestic administration will plunge us into war 
with England in preference to France, and thereby ruin our 
citizens and endanger the very liberty of our country. 

"Mar. 5. — Started through the mud again for the land flow- 
ing with Indian corn and Dutchmen on the other side of the 
mountain, commonly known by the name of Minisink; never 
stopped till I arrived at Milford. Drank tea at Col. Brod- 
head's. Mrs. Brodhead then named her son after me, and 
made me write down his name in the big Bible. Saw Squire 
Dimmick. Crossed the Delaware and arrived at Mr. Stoll's ; 
stayed all night. 

"6. — Rode to Judge Cortright's and dined, after which I con- 
tinued on to Newton and stayed all night at my father's. 

"9. — Rode to Changewater, where I found Major Shavers; 
saw Bob Thompson. In the evening Miss Mary Duscnbury 
came on a visit; fine girl. Dr. Fowler came to pay a visit to 
his espoused and dearly beloved Miss Nancy Thompson. 

"Apr. 19. — I have this day got the melancholy task of re- 
cording the death of my sister-in-law, Maria C. Johnson, wife 
of John Johnson ,Esq. She expired on Thursday last at New- 
ton after a short illness. [Notes that she left a daughter three 
weeks of age and two sons, the eldest not three years old. By 
his former wife he had four daughters]. 

"May 19. — This morning Rosaline and I started to visit the 
celebrated Passaic Falls. Crossed the Hook ; at 9 started in a 
gig; arrived at Belleville, 10 miles from the city of Jersey. 
This is a secluded and truly handsomely situated village. We 
now rode up the Passaic river bank. Here the beautiful land- 
scapes formed by the serpentine and meandering courses of 
this river rendered the prospect delightful. After a ride of 
twenty-two miles we arrived at 12 o'clock at Paterson. At one 

A Young Man's Journal of 1800-1813 315 

o'clock walked up to the Falls, about a half-mile from Mr. 
Godwin's, who keeps the Hotel. We were apprized of our near 
approach to the Falls by their terrific roar. On viewing- this 
awful display of nature, the imagination is wrought up to the 
highest stretch of admiration. Whether we note the tremen- 
dous roar, the impetuous velocity, the foaming surge, the hid- 
eous rocks, the transcending spray that sometimes forms a 
beautiful rainbow, we are lost in the grandeur and magnifi- 
cence of the scene. Returned to New York. 

"26. — This morning the grand procession of the hot-headed 
Democrats, at the instigation of the Irish St. Tammany So- 
ciety, took place, in order to bury the dry bones of the Hes- 
sians and Tories that died on board the prison ship last war, 
and which lay at the Wallabout on Long Island; among whom, 
unfortunately, there are mixed some bones of the Americans. 
To bury those bones decently and respectfully is certainly very 
praiseworthy, but to make a party thing of it, in order to widen 
the breach between the two parties in the United States and 
likewise excite a spirit of hostility with Great Britain at the 
very moment we are in midst of negotiation with that power, 
has excited my warmest indignation. I did not see the proces- 
sion, but I am told it was a very shabby one. I was so disgusted 
with the thing that I rode out of town up to Harlem, where I 
enjoyed myself very much at the races. Sir Solomon, Col. 
Bond's horse, took the purse. 

"June 13. — Went to the city of Jersey and purchased at auc- 
tion about 10,000 weight of cotton. 

"14. — Went to Jersey and agreed with George M. Woolsey, 
the owner, to take the whole of the loose cotton, upwards of 
400 bales, and pick, dry and pack it in bales at a commission 
of 123^ per cent. 

"15. — This morning at sunrise crossed the river and com- 
menced my job. Set about 60 hands at it. [I^ater extended to 
100]. Was at it 9 days. 

"23. — This day Mr. Woolsey and I sold the whole cotton, 
being the cargo of the ship "Flora," which took fire a few days 
since in two days after her arrival from New Orleans. Sold 
the wet at 4 T / 2 cents and picked at 8 cents per pound. 

316 Proceedings Neiv Jersey Historical Society 

"25. — Finished weighing. The wet weighed 125,000 pounds 
and the dry 90,000 pounds, amounting to about twelve thou- 
sand dollars. I this evening leave the Hook with considerable 
pleasure as I have now got clear of my job, a job that would 
have taken me at least two months to perform and one that 
very few would have undertaken. And, although my commis- 
sions will not come to so much as if I had finished it, yet I am 
very willing the business has ended as it has. I shall, however, 
clear upwards of a thousand dollars by it, which is a tolerable 
10 days business these hard times. Notwithstanding I have 
cleared upwards of a thousand dollars, yet I feel by no means 
satisfied; for I could have had the whole 400 bales at one time 
for five thousand dollars at six months credit, which same cot- 
ton has now sold for twelve thousand, and the purchasers ex- 
pect to make seven or eight thousand dollars on it, so that, had 
I have bought it, should have cleared a neat profit of fourteen 
thousand dollars. All this I have lost by my not having a 
partner that would join me in the purchase. So much for cow- 

"July 5. — This morning got up at 4 o'clock, and at 5 o'clock 
the horse and gig came to the door and Rosaline [Susan Bray, 
afterwards his wife] and I started for Lebanon. At half -past 
six we got across the North river and left the Hook. Newark 
— breakfasted at GifTord's. Called at Springfield. Stopped at 
Scotch Plains — pleasant country. Somerville — pleasant vil- 
lage. I called on General Morris. Called at Mr. La Tourette's 
and, after staying in town three hours, started on." 

[The journal entries for the next six months are of slight 
interest for publication. He notes the baptism of "Rosaline" 
at her father's house in Lebanon by Rev. Holloway W. Hunt ; 
hopes that the "good, old Washingtonian Federalists" will so 
increase as to "yet save the liberty of our country ;" mentions 
the death on October 13 of the second wife of John Vanderen 
(Maria Shaver), and a resolve to dissolve partneiohip in the 
Spring with Wm. Vanderen]. 

"1809, Feb. 3. — This day rented Mr. Price's three story 
brick house No. 73 Hudson Street, at £210 per annum. The 
situation is a pleasant one, in a very healthy part of the city, 

A Young Man's Journal of 1 800-1 813 317 

and I am induced to believe I can do a handsome business 
there. Having some time since informed Mr. Vanderen of 
my intention of dissolving partnership with him, he is, of 
course, wanting a situation. 

"15. — This morning my Rosaline, her brother, and his wife 
and myself, made a little party and started for Bethlehem. 
Sleighing most delightful. Hickory — stopped to warm; Dela- 
ware bridge — looks very well, not so handsome as the one at 
Trenton ; Easton — dined ; at a little before sunset arrived at 
the celebrated Bethlehem, 36 miles. Good tavern — Daddy 
Thomas. Everybody that sees him loves him like a father. 

"16. — All walked down, accompanied by Daddy Thomas, to 
view the Seminary, etc. Church very handsome; organ from 
New York cost $4,000. Visited the young misses' (about 100 
in number) apartment, also the Sisters' home; in perfect order; 
were much gratified with the embroidery workmanship. [Then 
returned to Easton]. There is one sign in Easton representing 
a goose with a huge whale on his back. Bridge again, warmed 
at a tavern alongside of the man's house that had his daughter 
married against her will and the priest [was] fined $60 for 
doing it. Home at 7 o'clock. 

"March 3. — This day, thank God, the tyrannical Presidency 
of Thomas Jefferson terminates and he takes the rank of a 
private citizen. I hope in his retirement that he will repent of 
the innumerable sins and transgressions, the cruel tyranny and 
oppression and the maladministration of the eight years of his 
reign in the Presidency. If he does not, woe betide him in 
the world to come. 

"4. — This day a new reign of terror commences, under the 
administration of James Madison. He is a worthy disciple of 
his predecessor, whom I suspect will walk in his steps exactly 
and ruin the country as fast as possible. 

"13. — Mr. Vanderen and I have come to an agreement of 
dissolving our copartnership the 15th of next month, April. 
We shall therefore now for sometime be engaged in arrang- 
ing our accounts and business so as to make with each other a 
final settlement. It being out of my power to pay my worthy 
father a visit owing to the press of business, I yesterday sat 

318 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

down and wrote him a lengthy letter, asking him in the most 
formal manner to grant me permission to unite myself in the 
solemn contract of marriage with my dear Rosaline. This I 
considered as a son a very indispensable duty. He is a father 
who does me honor, one whom I love and reverence. 

"26. — Last week I had the happiness of receiving a letter 
from my aged father in answer to mine of the 12th instant. 
In continuation of his kindness to me he has given me his free 
and cordial consent to unite myself in marriage to my dear 

"April 15. — This day Vanderen & Johnson dissolved part- 
nership. Our goods on hand amount to nine thousand dol- 
lars; each took of them one-half. Our outstanding debts 
amount to upwards of ten thousand dollars, part of which I 
am to collect, and the residue Mr. Vanderen is to close and pay 
me one-half the amount. After a statement of our business 
being made, I find we have made a neat profit of six thousand 
dollars in the three years, and that we have expended for living 
and house rent nearly as much more, making an advance of 
twelve thousand dollars on our goods. 

"19. — This day took possession of my house and store in 
Hudson Street. 

"27. — This day opened store for the first in my life without 
a partner. But, thank God, in a couple of weeks I shall take 
a partner for life, and will then be under the firm of "Susan & 

"May 10. — Hail happy day! Yes, this blessed evening my 
dearest Susan and I were joined in the heavenly bonds of 
matrimony. Never, never to be again separated until death 
doth us part. 

" 'Married. — On Wednesday evening, the 10th of May. 1809, 
by the Revd. Holloway W. Hunt, William Johnson of the city 
of New York, to Miss Susan Bray, daughter of Mr. Andrew 
Bray, of Lebanon, New Jersey.' 

"11. — This morning, after breakfast, my Susan, with the 
sensibility natural to her feeling heart bid adieu to her mother 
and the whole family, except her father, who accompanied us, 
and at 8 o'clock A. M. we set out for New York; called at 

A Young Man's Journal of 1800-1813 319 

Bound Brook, beautiful country from this to Scotch Plains, 
where we dined; called at Gifford's in Newark, and, after a 
lovely and charming ride, arrived at 6 o'clock at Jersey; imme- 
diately got our horse and gig on the boat and had good pas- 
sage over the river, and arrived at our house, 73 Hudson 
Street, at 7 o'clock P. M. 

"July 3- — 'this day Caleb O. Halstead, 16 years of age, came 
to : live with me. He is to stay 4 years. $50 for the two first 
and $75 for the two last years, and I to find him his washing, 
board and lodgings. 

[From this point on the Diary is mostly taken up with the 
Somerville Lottery, which Mr. Johnson made a great success 
of as a business proposition. For a detailed account, see the 
"Somerset Co. Hist. Quarterly," Vol. IV, page 87 et seq.] 

"May 1, 1 810. — Have concluded to put a branch of my New 
York store in Newton. Shall send there an assortment of 
goods for sale at the New York prices for cash. 

"28. — I am happy to hear that the Newton store gives very 
general satisfaction, and that it will do a handsome business. 

"Jan. 14, 181 1. — Congress is now in session, and the present 
opinion is that the United States Bank Charter, which ex- 
pires 4th of next March, will not be renewed ; in which case 
great distress among the merchants will be the effect. 

"23. — Upwards of 20 capital failures in town the two last 
days. Some perhaps able to pay fifty shillings on the pound, 
but, not being able to get discounts, they must stop. It is in 
these times much consolation to me to think I never did any 
business by means of banks ; not having asked for but one dis- 
count since I was in business for myself on my own account. 
I have had several discounts in the different banks, but they 
were all, except one, to accommodate my friends. 

"Mar. 31. — On the 4th of this month the charter of the 
United States Bank expired, and with it a great deal of individ- 
ual credit, and by it has an immense number of failures taken 

"April 6. — This day my venerable Father came to see me; 
he is now 74 years old, and seems as lively and as active as he 
did 20 years ago. 

320 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

"Oct. — Made a contract with the Post Master General 
(Granger) to carry the United States mail from Newark to 
Newton in New Jersey in the body of a stage, commencing 1st 
of this month and to continue 3^4 years. Started a mail stage 
from New York to Newton. 

"Nov. — New York is blessed with a number of the first min- 
isters of the Gospel that the world can boast of, at the head of 
whom stands our excellent Dr. John B. Romeyn, whom we 
have the privilege of owning as our minister, having a seat in 
his church ; besides whom there are Dr. John Mason, Dr. Ed- 
ward Miller, Dr. Philip Milledoler, Dr. McLeod, Mr. Spring, 
Mr. Brodhead, etc. 

May, 1812. — [Notes at length that his wife joins the Cedar 
St. Ref. Dutch Church, New York City]. 

"June. — On the 18th inst. our administration declared war 
against Great Britain; may God sanctify this judgment to this 
nation, and soon restore sweet peace. 

"August. — Having sold out to Mr. Miller on the 1st of last 
month my Newton establishment and business being dull, and 
leaving two trusty young men at home, we find the country so 
pleasant that it's likely we shall stay out till October. This 
month we remained principally at Lebanon. We have two 
churches in the neighborhood, in one of which my friend, Rev. 
Holloway W. Hunt, preaches. 

"Sept. — Made arrangements while at Lebanon with Mr. R. 
Bray and have a stocked farm at Bedminster with 500 sheep, 
part of which is merino, for the purpose of raising that valua- 
ble breed of sheep lately introduced in our country from Spain. 

"Feb., 1813. — Have taken the house and store No. 183 
Broadway at a rent of $1250 per annum for two years, trust- 
ing to Divine Providence for the result. I consider it one of 
the best stands in town, and the dwelling part is very good. 

[Here the Diary, as now existing, ends, various later pages 
having disappeared. A granddaughter, however, has recorded 
this statement as appearing in the Diary under some date in 

"When in Charleton, S. C, I had an experience which 
will probably affect my life and that of my children's future. 

Necrology of Members 321 

The war between this country and England was at its height; 
cotton was selling very low, indeed ; I was stopping with friends 
in the city. A vessel loaded with cotton was at the wharf, and 
the cotton was for sale at what seemed to me a very reasonable 
price, so I took the refusal of the entire cargo until the next 
day. I determined to take it, and was on my way to the dock to 
close the bargain, when I met Mr. Reesy Howard of S. C, 
an old, intimate friend, and he strongly advised me not to buy 
until later, as the price would be lower. I hesitated and finally 
took his advice. My friend, Mr. William Whitney, of New 
York, came up while we were talking, and, after my friend's 
decision, he said: "Well, Mr. Johnson, since you have decided 
not to take that cargo, I believe I will." He went immediately 
to the dock and took the whole cargo. You, nor no one can 
imagine my feeling of bitter regret, when I heard the cry in the 
night "Peace ! Peace is declared !" No more sleep for me, for 
I knew prices would be very high. Mr. Whitney cleared on 
that cargo five hundred thousand dollars, which was the foun- 
dation of his future great wealth." 

Note. — Previous to this time Mr. Johnson had great enthusiasm for 
business and for his growing family and the "Journal" was rarely added 
to. Then it is said his love for active business left him. His health 
failed, he soon retired from all business, and died on a farm at Lebanon, 
N. J., in 1828, aged forty-nine. By his wife he had five children: 1. 
Cornelia Adelaide, b. Apr. 12, 181 0; d. Mar. 27, 1885. She m., Nov. 7, 
1832, Benjamin Billings Coit, M. D., a graduate of Yale, a physician of 
eminence. 2. Mary Louise, b. Aug. 12, 1812; d. Dec. 27, 1873; m., Oct. 
27, 1841, Henry Clianning Beals, who was b. Sept. 9, 181 6, and d. Jan 
30, 1896. 3. Theodore Taylor, b. July 29, 1818; d. Dec. 21, 1893; m., 
May 4, 1844, Esther Adams Lee, who was b. Dec. 21, 1821, and 0. Feb. 
10, 1882. There were also two children who died in infancy. — Editor. 

i£b ^m ^» ^8' 


Charles Day Halsey, senior member of the stock broker- 
age concern of C. D. Halsey & Co., 27 William street, New 
York, former resident of Newark, died at Rumson, N. J., Sept. 
15, 1923, at his summer home. He was born in Newark Sep- 
tember 20, 1865, being the only son of Silas Condit and Fannie 
(Day) Halsey. lie was educated at a private school conducted 
by the late Miss Amelia Noyes in Walnut street, Newark, and 

322 Proceedings Nac Jersey Historical Society 

later attended Newark Academy and Freehold Military Aca- 
demy and then he entered Princeton, taking a civil engineering 
course and being graduated in 1886. He was then a memher 
of the engineering staff of the Pennsylvania Railroad for sev- 
eral years. With Harry P. Toler, of New York, Mr. Halscy, 
in 1894, formed the banking and brokerage firm of Halscy & 
Toler, the firm being admitted to membership in the Stock- 
Exchange. Mr. Toler was Mr. Halscy's roommate at college. 
In 1894 Mr. Halsey married Miss Effie Van Rensselaer Grubb, 
daughter of the late General E. Burd Grubb of Burlington. He 
was a member of the Essex Troop, of the Essex Club and the 
Essex County Country Club. Eollowing his marriage he and 
Mrs. Halsey made their home in New York. In that city he 
was a member of the Union Club, Princeton Club and Mid- 
day Club. He was also a member of the Rumson Country Club 
and the Sea Bright Tennis Club. 

Besides his wife Mr. Halsey is survived by two sons, Van 
Rensselaer and Charles D. Halsey, Jr. ; a daughter, Miss Lillie 
Van Rensselaer Halsey; a half sister, Mrs. Hamilton King of 
Easthampton, L. I., and two cousins, William A. Halsey of 
333 Mt. Prospect avenue, Newark, and George E. Halsey of 
East Orange. He became a member of the New Jersey His- 
torical Society Sept. 11, 191 1. 

Harry Edward Richards, M. D., of 177 Franklin street, 
Bloomfield, N. J., President of the Martin Dennis Company, 
manufacturing chemists of Newark, and also President of the 
Bloomfield Theological Seminary and author of religious 
works, died Sept. 15, 1923, at his home. He had been ill for a 
long time. Dr. Richards was born in Newark in 1853, and 
lived practically all of his life in Bloomfield. He was educated 
at Newark Academy, Princeton University (graduating in 
^73) . and the College of Physicians and Surgeons, New 
York. He had the degree of M. D.. but never practiced as 
a physician. He was also a lawyer, being admitted as attorney 
in Feb., 1886, and as counselor three years later, practicing at 
810 Broad street, Newark. At one time he was town attorney 
in Bloomfield. Dr. Richards was President of the board of 

Historical Notes and Comments 323 

trustees of the Westminster Presbyterian Church. He was 
the author of a method of Bible study used in a number 
of Sunday schools throughout the country. lie was a member 
of the Board of Directors of the Bloomficld National Bank. 
He leaves his wife, Helen L. Richards, a brother in Maryland, 
and a brother and sister in Pasadena, Cal. He became a Life 
member of the New Jersey Historical Society June 2, 1899. 

Mrs. Gertrude Vanderpool (Oakley) Atwatek of Eliza- 
beth, N. J., died Oct. 12, 1922. She was a daughter of Dr. 
Lewis W. Oakley and Henrietta Baldwin and a granddaughter 
of Judiah Baldwin, formerly of Newark, and was born in Eliza- 
beth, Aug. 12, 1854. In 1876, she married the Hon. Edward 
Sanford Atwatcr, Judge of the Court of Common Pleas of 
Union county, and at one time a member of the Board of 
Trustees of this Society. Judge At water died June 3, 1913. 
Their children were Henrietta Baldwin, wife of Herbert U. 
Farrand, and Edward Sanford, Jr., an attorney-at-law, residing 
in Elizabeth, N. J. Mrs. Atwatcr became a member of the 
New Jersey Historical Society on June 7, 1920. 

J* # JJ J* 



American Text-books of History 

Much has appeared during the early Summer in the press of 
the eastern part of our country as to the historical text-books 
used in our public schools. In the city of New York the Com- 
missioner of Accounts — why this Commissioner instead of some 
high school authority is not clear — made a report to the Mayor 
early in June, giving the results of his investigations, extending 
over a year, into the text-books in use in that city, especially as 
regards their "misplaced sympathy" for Great Britain during 
the War of the Revolution and that of 181 2. Among his 
charges against these books, as summed up by him in one por- 
tion of his lengthy report, are these so-called "misrepresenta- 
tions :" 

324 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

"That the American Revolution was merely a 'civil war' be- 
tween the English people on both sides of the sea and their 
'German' King ; 

"That Magna Charta is the real source of our liberties, while 
the Declaration of Independence exerted no vital force; 

"That such patriots as Samuel Adams. John Hancock and 
Patrick Henry were mere disreputable characters; 

"That Thomas Jefferson deserved a halter ; 

"That Alexander Hamilton denounced the people as 'a great 
beast' ; 

"That the United States Constitution and most of our free 
institutions were borrowed from England ; 

"That the War of 1812 was 'a mistake,' 'disgraceful' and 'un- 
fortunate' ; 

"That the Mexican War was a grab of territory ; 

"That the North saved the Union only through England's 
'heroic support' ; 

"That our war with Spain was won because England pre- 
vented Germany and all Europe from taking sides against us." 

It is to be assumed that many of the text-books used in New 
York are also in use in our public schools in New Jersey. If 
what the Commissioner states is true the matter needs looking 
into by competent authority. It is evident from a perusal of 
the whole report that it is more or less one-sided and yet actual 
quotations are made and arc bad enough. We realize how dif- 
ficult it is to prepare historical textbooks for children in schools 
that are accurate even as to well-understood facts and to pre- 
sent the facts uncolored. Still we do know that our great men 
were too great and too conscientious in Revolutionary days to 
have the facts about them distorted ; that what they did was 
clearly patriotic and from the highest motives; and no slanders 
concerning them or their principles should be put into print so 
as to innoculatc the minds of the young with hatred of Amer- 
ican ideas in 1775 or now, or, conversely, with hatred of Eng- 
land now. The masses of people in England in 1775 had no 
use for the aggressions of their King; the masses of people in 
America then did not hate England as a county or a nation, but 
did have such love of liberty that they were unwilling to be 
oppressed by George the Third and his Parliament, and testi- 
fied to it by laying down their lives. 

Historical Notes and Comments 325 

Proposed Abandonment of Ponds Church Building 

Among the earliest of the Reformed (Dutch) Churches in 
New Jersey were those at Bergen (1660), Hackcnsack (1686), 
Acquackanonck (1693), Freehold (1699), Raritan (Somer- 
ville) (1699), Middlctown (Holmdel) (1699), Second River 
(Belleville) (1699), Three-Mile Run (1703) and Ponds (Oak- 
land), 1 710. The Ponds church stands at a sharp turn in the 
road between Pompton Lakes and Oakland in Passaic county. 
A settlement in that vicinity was called "The Ponds," because 
of small bodies of water near by, one in fact being just be- 
hind the Ponds church. About one year and a-half ago a firm 
of architects of New York City made a report upon the church 
building to the effect that the walls and roof were not safe, 
and that about $3,000 would be required to make them safe. 
Accordingly the small congregation abandoned the building and 
held services in a public schoolhouse. Some one is said to have 
proposed to donate the required $3,000 to repair the church, 
but, instead, it is also said thq congregation is likely to build 
elsewhere and pull down the old structure. 

It is greatly to be hoped that the old building will be repaired 
and continued in use; or, if not for a church, then as a relic of 
the past. While the structure itself is not of great age, only 94 
years, the site is an historic one, and there is located there a 
very old burying-ground which is still in use. During the Rev- 
olution the county courthouse and jail were removed to Ponds. 
There were old records of the church running back to about 
1748 which were burned up, with the private building in which 
they were stored, some 44 years ago. There were various off- 
shoots of the Ponds church ; a correspondent names six, Pomp- 
ton, Pompton Plains, Ramapo (Mahwah), Preakness, Pompton 
Lakes and Wyckoff. 

The first Ponds Church building was a log hut that stood in 
the place now occupied by the cemetery. It was the first church 
building in New Jersey north of Hackcnsack and Passaic and 
was used for about thirty years. About 1740 it was decided to 
erect a new church which was built on the site of the present 
edifice. Like some of the public schools of a later date it was 

326 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

hexagonal in shape, with the roof running six ways from the 
apex. There was a high pulpit and rush bottom chairs instead 
of pews. The six-sided church served the congregation until 
1829, when the present building was erected. Ponds Church 
has had twenty-one pastors, nine in combination with other 
churches and twelve that were solely its own. The 200th an- 
niversary of this church was celebrated in 1910. 

Dedicating Trees to Famous Persons 

On June 16th last, as part of the Commencement exercises 
at Princeton University, five elm trees were planted and dedi- 
cated to American naval heroes, viz., to John Paul Jones, Com- 
modore William Bainbridge, Robert F. Stockton, Admiral 
Farragut and Admiral Dewey. A sixth tree was planted, but 
it was left to be decided later to what naval hero of the 
World War to dedicate it. 

While on this subject we may note that Mr. Asa K. Mcll- 
haney, formerly Principal of the public schools at Bath, Pa., 
had a grove of trees planted by the school children of that 
place on different Arbor Day celebrations since April, 1888. 
He had it called "The Authors' Grove," and gave as his reason 
for calling it such, since each tree was named after some author, 
that "the boys and girls should honor, by living monuments, 
the great men and women in literature, so that while they learn 
to love and reverence trees, they will at the same time become 
interested in the lives and writings of distinguished and 
worthy authors." As trees were dedicated authors, if living, 
were notified, and in 1922 Mr. Mcllhaney published the re- 
plies, which must have added to the enthusiasm of the children 
who aided to plant the trees. Among the letters were those 
from Presidents Cleveland, Harrison, Roosevelt and Wilson, 
from John Burroughs, William D. Howells, Oliver Wendell 
Holmes, James Russell Lowell, Henry Van Dyke, Rudyard 
Kipling, John Galsworthy and scores of others. Even Samuel 
F. Smith, who was then living and will long be known as the 
author of "America," sent a poem. The example thus set — the 
dedicating of trees on Arbor Day plantings — is one which may 
well be followed all over this country. 

Queries and Miscellany 327 

The "Poems of New Jersey" 

There comes to hand a work with the above title by Eugene 
R. Musgrove, A. M., Head of the Department of English, 
East Side Commercial and Manual Training School, Newark, 
N. J., published by the Gregg Publishing Co., New York, etc. 
Price $2, but an edition for schools issued slightly cheaper. It 
is a surprising work. Had we been told in advance that New 
Jersey had produced so many poets of high or even medium 
rank as this illustrated work of 472 pages indicates we should 
have said "Nay; impossible." But here they are. To name 
them and the poems selected would occupy pages of this Pro- 
ceedings. Many of the authors may be classed as generally 
unheard-of and yet their verses have real, often unusual merit. 
Our readers should certainly possess a copy for their private 
libraries. Of course we notice some omissions of Jersey 
writers known to us as gifted in the art of verse, but this is 
inevitable; the editor has succeeded remarkably. The work is 
an honor to our State. 

* # J»' * 


Fitz-Randolph. — "Joseph F. Randolph was born Nov. 19. 
1795, probably somewhere in N. J. Married Sarah Moore of 
Adams Co., Pa., about 1820, and died Nov. 29, 1853, * n P re " 
ble Co., Ohio. Wanted, his parentage and ancestry." 

C. E. P. (Indianapolis, Ind.) 

Runyon. — "Phineas Runyon was born about 1742 and died 
in 1831. He was living in Rowan Co., N. C, in 1790, and prob- 
ably several years before, and no doubt died there. Birthplace 
unknown. Wife, Charity Cotes. Father may have been named 
either John or Robert, and reputed to have married a Hum- 
phreys. Wanted, information which will connect Phineas with 
the Runyon family of New Jersey. 

C. E. P. (Indianapolis, Ind.) 

The Minisink Path. — "I cannot agree with Prof. Charles 
A. Philhower in his article in the July Proceedings on the 

328 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society 

route of the Minisink Trail. He gives no authorities for his 
route. But the road of 17 16 (afterward ohjected to where it 
deviated from the path of the ancient people) is via New 
Brunswick and the ford there, and in one of our earliest deeds 
it is distinctly called the 'Minisink Path,' and its crossing of 
Piseopeck Creek, or Lawrence's Brook, is defined and can be 
identified at Middletown." 

W. H. B. (New Brunswick, N. J.) 

The Bradford Laws. — "In the July Proceedings, page 242, 
it reads : 'Bradford. . . . moved his type and press from 
New York to Perth Amboy and issued a book containing the 
laws enacted, bearing the imprint 1717, but, as other laws 
were added up to 1723, it would seem that the work was not 
finished until that year.' 

"May I call your attention to the title page of the 171 7 Laws 
given to the New Jersey Historical Society by Mr. Bamberger, 
where you will find that this (and as well subsequent printings 
of New Jersey Laws) was done, in New York. According 
to Evans, Bradford printed New Jersey Laws in New York 
from 1 71 7 to 1722 inclusive. In 1723 the first New Jersey 
printing was done, and this bears a title page setting forth that 
it was done in Perth Amboy by William Bradford in 1723, and 
it is this printing which should be celebrated this year. 

"The Pennsylvania Historical Society has a copy of the 1723 
Laws, but I have not heard where there is another, except that 
several years ago George D. Smith of New York bought a 
copy at auction for $2,700." 

H. E. P. (Perth Amboy, N. J.) 

Correction of Errors. — In the last (July) number of the 
Proceedings, page 199, in the article on "James Parker, the 
Printer, of Woodbridge," in line 19, it says Parker "was a lay 
leader in Trinity Church, New York City." It should have 
read, "in Trinity Church, Woodbridge." 

In the same number, under the second frontispiece picture 
of the fireplace, etc., in the "Belcher Mansion," the reading 
should have been: "Fireplace, Mantel, etc., in the Drawing 


Abbeville, France, 125 
Abbot, C. C, 125 
Abeel, family, 89 
Aberdeen, 51 
Absecom, 116 
Ackerman, farm, 117 

tombstones, 117 
Ackers, family. 105 
Acquackanonk, 31, 32, 309 

records, 111, 121 
Adams, family, 89 

A., 89, 99, 106 

E. K., 66 
John, 254 
Samuel, 65, 324 
W. F., 90, 97, 106 

W. I. Lincoln, 60. 61. 80 
Adams County, Pa., 327 
Agens, Col. Frederick G., 77 
Akenside, Dr. Mark, 208 
Albany, N. Y., 12, 06, 83, 90, 308, 

309, 310 
Alden, J. E.. 95 

Timothy, 113 
» Alexander. Catherine, 195 
- Alexandria, Township records, 
t 119 

Alison (Allison), family, 89 
Allaben, Frank, 83 
Allaway, river, 10 
Allen, family, 89 

G. P., 89 

G. W., 89 

W. B., 90 
Allendale, 117 
Allentown, tombstones, 121 
Allentown, Pa.. 21 
Aliens, family. 89 
Allerton, family. 89 

tombstones, 120 

W. S.. 89 
Ailing, family, 89 

Colonel. 312 

Mrs. Emma L. D., obituary, 228 

Madison, 229 

William R. 228 
Alloway, tombstones. 122 
Amboy (see Perth Amboy) 
Amesbury, Mass., S5, 14 2 
Ammonet. family, 89 
Amwell Township. 52. 120 
Anderson family, 89, 97 

Ada E.. 231 

David, 231 

James V., 59 

L.. 89 

William T., 150. 151. 152. 153 
Andover. 202 
Andover. Mass.. 154 
Andrews, family, 89 

F. D., 118 

H. F., 89. 96 
Andros, Gov. Edmund, 255 

Anjou, G., 95 
Annln, family, 89 

Joseph, 31 

William. 270 
Antill. family, 89 
Appleton, \V. S.. 89, 92, 93, 101, 

102, 103, 105 
Areola, 117 
Armstrong, family, 89 

Edward A., 62 

Mrs. Robert V., 228 

Robert, 71 

W. C, 89, 100 

Mr., 153 
Arnold, Gen. Benedict, 146 

Mr., 35 
Arthur, William. 83 
Arthur Kill. 134 
Asbury Park, 120 
Ashmead, H. G., 109 
Ash Swamp, 31, 34 
Asten, Mr., 288 
Atkinson, family, 89 

J. B., 89 

M. L... 100 

Mrs. Sarah, 142 
Atlanta. Ga., 2'J9 
Atlantic City. 201, 227 
Atlantic County, 227 

tombstone. 116 
Atlantic Highland. 36 
Atwater, family, 89 

Edward S., 89. 323 

Edward S., Jr., 323 

Francis. 89 

Mrs. Gertrude V. O.. 323 

Henrietta, 323 
Augusta, 202, 228 
Auryansen. tombstones, 117 
Austin, family, 97 

Rev. David. 169, 176. 182 

Galen L., 212, 214, 215, 216. 218. 

J. O., 83 
Auville. 64 
Avery, family, 89 

S., 89 
Avon, N. Y.. families, 87 
Axtell. family, 89 

E. S., 89 
Aylsworth. family, 89 

H. E.. S9 
Aymar, familv, 89 

B., 89 
Ayres. family. 89 

C. H., 89 

Babcock, James, 190 
Paekes. William J.. 163 
Bacon. W. P.. 110 
Badcock, familv, 89 
Baetjer. C. P.. 92 
Bailey. J. T.. 89 
M. P.. 102 



Baily, Captain, 30 

John, 252 
Bainbridge. William, 326 
Baird, family, 89 

Mrs. David G.. 227 
Baker, family, 89 

Catherine, 56 

Capt. John, 132, 135 

Reginald, 245 

W. Reginald, 59 
Balch, family, 89 

T. W„ 19, 91 
Baldwin, family. 89 

A., 1 

C. C, 89, 91 

Capt. I., 34 

Henrietta. 323 

Judiah, 323 

L. D.. 89 

Samuel W., 61 

Capt. S.. 35 

Mr., 228 
Ball, family, 89, 92, 112 

tombstones, 121 

Mrs. E. Halsey, 245 

John, 34 

N.. 89 

William, 309 
Ballardvillc. Mass.. 162 
Ballareau. Jane, 194 

Mary, 199 
Bailey, family, 103 
Ballou, family, 89 

A 89 
Baliston Spa. 41 
Balman, John, 31 
Baltimore, Md., 36, 217 
Baltus Roll, 202 
Bamberger, Louis. 60. 62, 68, 70. 

71, 80, 164, 328 
Banta, family, 90 

Elihu, 287 

T. M., 90, 105 
Barbadoes. 6 
Barber, family, 90 
- ' Captain, 33 

Francis, 187 
Baremore, Phoebe, 56 
Bargaintown. 116 
Barker, family, 90, 97 
Barlow, family, 90 

G., 90 
Barnau, C. A.. 113 
Barnes, family, 90 

Rev. Albert, 284, 285 

T. C. 90 
Barnstable. Mass., 194 
Barrett. Mrs. Michael T., 40 
Bartlett, J. G., 92, 97 
Bartley, John, 57 
Barton, family, 90 

W. E., 90 

Mr., 150 
Bartow, family, 90 

E. P., 90 
Baskerville, family, 90 
o P. H., 90. 96. 105 

Baskingridpe, 25. 65. 272, 274 

tombstones. 122. 123 
Bass, family. 90. 101 
Bassett, family, 90 
Bates. Captain, 33, 34. 306, 312 
Bath. L. I.. 222 
Bath, Pa.. 326 
Batten. Mrs. George. 227 

Bavis, S. A.. 90 

family. 90 
Baxter. K. S.. 105 
Bayeux, family, 103 
Bayks. Benjamin, 283 

Captain, 30 
Bayky. John. 134 
Bayonne. 244, 249 
Beach, family. 90. 112 

J.. 35 

M. B., 90 

M. S., 95 

Samuel, 191 

Sarah E, 22 
Bean. Capt. James N., 141 

Beardsley, Mabel B., 78 

Bearford. Conn., 306 
Beatty, familv, 90 

C. C. 90 
Beavercombe. William, 298 
Beavers, Mrs., 31 
Beckett. Henry L., 65 
Beckwith. family, 90 

Paul 83 
Bedell.' Isaac, 30, 31, 32 

Jacob. 31 
" Bedford, Gunning, Jr., 199 
Bedford, Pa., 19, 21 
Bedminster, tombstones, 122, 123 

township. 320 
-Beekman, family, 90, 103 

George C, 83 
Becsley's Point, tombstones, 118 
Belcher, Governor, 169 et Beq., 328 

photos of mansion, facing 169 
Belleville, 15. 229. 314 

church records, 118, 119 

tombstones. 119 
Belvidere, 72, 200, 203, 228, 247 
Bern Is Heights. 303 
Benedict. William H., 91. 238; ar- 
ticle by. 194 
Bennet, tombstones, 122 
Benson, family, 90 
Benton, family. 90 

J. EL, 90 
Bergen. 306 

family. 90 

records, 119 

Frank, 60, 61. 80. 236. 238 

Jacob. 270 

James J.. 80 

Jane. 246 

T. G., 83. 90. 99 
Bergen County, 15, 17, 32, 227. 

tombstones, 116 

marriages. 117 
Bergen Point, 250 
Berger. Rev. Mr.. 284. 286 
Berkeley, tombstones, 119 

John Lord. 25 2 
Berkshire, tombstones. 121 
Bernards Township. 30 
Bernardsville. 4 4. 4 9, 227 
Berry, tombstones, 117 

Ann. 161 

Thomas. 270 
Best. P, E.. 98 
Bethany, Pa.. 150 
Bethlehem, Pa., 19, 137. 204. 248. 
, Bethlehem Township, 65 
Betts. family, 90 

C. W.. 90 


33 * 

Beverly, 227 
Bevier, Louis, 236 
Bibighaus, family. 90 

S. H.. 90 
Blcknell, family, 90 

T. W.. 90 
Biddle. family, 90 

H. D.. 90. 94 
Bigelow, family, 90 

S. F., 90 
Biggs, Peter, 268 
Billing, Edward. 5 
Billopp, Capt, Christopher, 
Binnev, family, 90 

C. J. F.. 90 
Bird. Margaret, 293 
Bissell, farm. 117 
BJorkman. Valentine. 79 
Blacki)urn, W. M., 99 
Blackfan, Agnes. 228 
Black Hawk, Colonel. 45 
Blackman, Leah. 83 
Black Meadows, 202 
Blair, family. 90 
Blalrstown, 224 
Blatchford, family, 90 

S., 90 
Blauvelt. Pa.. 19 
Blauvelfs Mills. 117 
Blawenburgh. 243 
Blazing Star, 34 
Bliss, family, 90 
Bloody Run. Pa., 19 
Bloom, Isaac. 293 
Bloomficld. 206, 322 

tombstones. 119 
Bloomlngdale, 161, 223 
Blooming Grove. Pa., 150 
Blue Hills. 273 
Board, Capt. Joseph. 190. 
Boardman, Richard. 79 
-yBodine, family. 105 
Bogart. Cornelius. 269 

Gisbert. 270 

Jacob. 270 
Boggs, family, 90 

J. Lawrence, 60, 61, 62, 
80, 226 

W. E., 90 
Bollen, Mr.. 256 
Bolton, family, 90 

C. K., 90 
Bolton, Conn., 73 
Boltwood, L. M.. 102 
Bonaparte, family, 90 
Bond, family, 90 

Henry, 83 

Washington, 204 
Bonnamtown, 70 
Bontecou, family, 90 
Boone, family, 90. 101 
Boonton, Iron Works. 292 

pioneer days in. 287 

tombstones. 121 
Booth, family, 90 

C. E., 9 
Borden, family. 90 
Bordentown. 55. 159 

tombstones. 118 
Bordlcy. family. 91 
Borton, family. 91 
Bottle Hill. 34. 284. 286. 
Boudinot. family, 103 

Ellas, 176 

Elisha. 176 

Kate, 176 

Tobias, 224 
Boughton. family, 91 

J.. 91 
Boulton, Louise Kelly, 38 

Mary E., 38 

William B., 38. 78 
' William G.. 38 
/ Bound Brook, 31, 79, 203. 273, 276. 
313, 319 

tombstones, 122, 123 
Bound creek. 129 
254 Boutell. Charles, 83 

Boutclle. J. A., 91 
Bouton. familv, 91 
Bowditch, N. I., 83 
Bowen, family, 91 

E. A., 91 
Bower, family, 91 
Bowne, family, 91 
Boyd, family, 91 

Capt. James. 306 
Boylan, family. 91 
Boyles. Solomon, 312 
Bradbeer, William W., 12 
Bradbury, family, 91 
Bradford. William, 70, 72, 195, 

241, 320 
Bradley, family, 91 

J. P., 91 
Brady, Henry A., 1 
Brainard, David. 138 
Braincrd, family, 91 
Branchville, 202 
Brandywine, battle of, 30, 31 
Bransford. C. W.. 89 
Bray, Andrew. 223, 318 

Mrs. Andrew, 220 

John, 220 

John T., 220 

Susan, 223, 316, 318 

Miss. 152 
Brearly. family. 91 
Breed, family, 91 
Brett, family. 91 

Rev. Cornelius. 77 
77, 79, Brewster, family, 91 
Bridewell prison. 220 
Bridge Point, tombstones, 123 
Bridgeport, Conn.. 65 
Bridgetown (Rahway), 214 
Briggs, family, 91 

L. V., 98 

S., 91 
Brigham, family, 91 

W. I. T., 108 
Brinkerhoff, family, 91 

George C, 39 
Brinton. Mr., 127 
Bristol. Pa.. 152 
Brittain, William, 309 
Brittin, Abraham. 284 
Britton. family, 91 

E. E.. 91 
Brockett. family. 91 

E. J.. 91 
Brockholls. Gov. Anthony, 256, 257 
Brockman. family. 91. 92 
Brodhead. Colonel. 314 

Capt. Daniel. 304 

Daniel, Jr.. 304 
308 Garret. 304 

Dr. Garrett B . 305 

Capt. Luke. 304 

Rachel. 304 



Richard. 304 

Rev. Mr., 320 
Brokaw, John. 275 
Bromley. A. V. D.. 94 
Brookdale, tombstones. 119 
Brooklyn. N. Y., 79, 222 
Brooks, family, 91 
Brotherton, 132 
Brown, family, 91 

A.. 91 

Abial, 84 

Amy, 54 

Mrs. Edgar L., 226 

James. 113 
Bruce, family, 91 
Bruen, Rev. James DeH., 72 
Brunson, family, 91 
Bryam, family, 89 
Bryan, family, 105 
Bryant, family, 92 
Buchanan, James, 74 

R., 100 
Buck, family, 91 

W. J.. 91 
Buckingham, family, 91 

J.. 91 
Bucknall. Misses, 228 
Budd, family, 91 
Bull, Archibald H., 179 
Bullard, Rev. Charles E., article 

by, 185 
Bullen, Henry, 241 
Bunker, M. P., 84 
Burbeen, family, 91 
Burgie, David. 58 

Jane, 36, 57 

Lieutenant, 38 
Burgoyne, General, 32 
Burke, family, 91 

Sir B., 84 
Burlington. 8, 47. 117. 118. 152, 159, 

197, 198. 226. 227. 322 
Burlington County, 11, 13, 15, 17, 

records. 117 
Burnet, family, 91, 109, 112 

David, 308 

Ebenezer, 312 

Governor, 13 

Hannah, 308 

H. W.. 91 

J. R.. 94 

W.. 91 
Burnett, W. Heyward, 59, 244 

William H., 78 
Burnham Park. 38 
Burr, familv. 91 

Aaron, 178, 185 

Rev. Aaron. 174 
Burroughs. John. 326 
Burton, family, 91 

Clarence M.. 51 

Josephine. 161 

Mary. 14 3 
Bushwick. L. I., 310 
Butler. 161 

family. 91 

Benjamin P.. 260 
Buttenheim. Arthur W., 245 
Butters, family, 91 
Button. A.. 109 
Butts, family, 91 

A.. 91 
Byllynge, Edward, 256 

Caddlngton. Eng.. 125 
Cadwalader, family, 92 
Caldwell, 21 

family, 92. 104 

records, 113 

tombstones, 119 

Kev. James. 188 
Caldwell Township, 19 
California, Voyage to, 299 
Callmeyer, Marie, 59 

Marie L., 245 
Calvin. Bartholomew S., 264 
Cambridge. Mass.. 125 
Cambridge. Ohio, 21 
Camden. 74. 201 
Camden County, marriaces, 118 
CamDbell, Mrs. Edward S.. 78. 227 

George W., obituary, 229 

Lord Neil, 1R8 
Campgaw, tombstones, 117 

Canada, 12 
Canfleld, burying-ground, 119 

family, 92 

Frederick A., 60, 68. 80, 92 

Russel. 218 

Mr.. 221 
Cannon, family. 92 
Canoe brook. 203 
Canton, tombstones, 122 
Cape May, 85 
Cape May County. 11. 15, 17, 227 

records, 118 
Cape May Ct. House, Baptist tomb- 
stones, 118 
Cap Martin, France, 230 
Carbon County, Pa., 305 
Carhart, L. A., 101 
Carlisle. Pa.. 19, 21 
Carlstadt. 117 
Carrnichael. Sheriff. 35 
Carnes, Ephraim, 32 
Carpenter family, 92, 100 

D. H., 97 
Carter, Aaron, 154 

Mrs. Aaron, 155 

C. M. R.. 104 

Ellas. 308 

Elizabeth C. 154. 155 

Ernest T.. 155 

Dr. Herbert S.. 155 

Rev. J. Franklin, 155 

J. Nelson. 155 

Kenneth C. 155 

Lewis, 284 

William. 69 

William T., obituary, 154 

William T.. Jr., 155 
Carteret, family. 92 

Sir George. 252. 256 

Gov. Philip. 211. 253. 255, 256, 
Casad, family. 92 

(see Cozad) 
Case. Mrs. George W., 24 5 

Mrs. Mary O., 69 
CasHien, family. 104 
Casterline. Jacob, 35 
Castler's. 36 
Cat Swamp. 202 
Cayuga Lake. N. Y.. 306 
Cedar Brook. 51 

Cedar drove, tombstones. 119, 122 
Centrrville. Ohio. J I 
Chambers, family. 86 



Rowland, 270 

T. F.. 84 
Chamble, N. Y.. 310 
Champion, family, 92 
Champlain, N. Y., 309 
Changewater, 314 
Chapman, family, 92 

Mrs. C. Durand, 41 

F. W„ 108, 103 

Jacob, 95, 109 
Charles II., 5, 252. 255, 260 
Charleston, S. C, 320 
Chatham, 131, 192, 200, 202. 204, 
228, 284, 312 

tombstones, 121 
Chatham Township. 308 
Cherry, William. 121 
Cheesequakes, marriages, 113 
Cheeeequakea Creek. 202, 203 
Chesapeake Bay. 127 
Chessman. S., 99 
Chester County, Pa., 79 
Chesterfield, marriages, 117 
Chetwood. F. B„ 179 

Judge, 211 

John J., 179 

William. 170 

Major William. 177 
Chetwynd, family. 92 
Chillicothe, Ohio. 21 
Christian. Mrs. Charles A., 112 
Christie, family, 92 

A.. 220 

James, 154. 220 

Thomas. 225 

Mrs., 152. 219. 220 
Church, family, 92 
Cincinnati, Ohio, 20, 21 
Clarendon, Earl of, 62 
Clark, family. 92, 110 

Abraham, 66 

Amos, 179 

E. S., 106 

Henry, 31 

J. H., 93 

Mrs. John S.. 228 
Clarke, Benjamin. 308 

Lieutenant, 188 
Clark's Landing, 116 
Clarkson. family, 92 

Abel. 214 

Experience. 56 
Clay, family. 92 
Clayton, Mrs. Trueman H., 228 
Clement, J., 84 
Cleveland, family, 92, 103 

E. J., 98 

Grover, 326 
Clickener, Catherine C. 156 
Clinton, General. 70 
Closter, 117 
Coates, J. B., 91 
Cobb, Andrew L., 78 

John, Sr.. 29 

Lemuel. 286 
Coddlngton, family. 92 
Coe. family. 92 

E. E.. 84 

Mr.. 221 
Coeyman, Andries. 266 

Barne P.. 266 

Samuel S.. 2»',8 
Coffin, family. 9 2. 105 
Cohansey, river. 9 

tombstones, 118 

Colt, Dr. Benjamin B.. 321 
Cold Spring, burials, 118 
Coldcn, Governor, 198 
Cole, family, 99 

A. S., 105 

Justice. 25 
Coleman, John, 251 

L., 100 
Coleraln. Ohio. 20 
Coles, Dr. J. Ackerman. 165 
Colfax. General William, 36 
Collingswood. 128 
Collins, family, 92 

Isaac, 164 
Colster, 117 
Colton. Achsea. 54 

James Sr., 54 
Columbia College Law School. 229 
Colver, family, 92 
Conant, family, 92 
Concord, Mass., 87 
Condict, Abner, 309 

Edward, 286 

Rev. Isaac. 151 

Jemima, 62 

Sophie A.. 155 

Stephen A., 155 

Revolutionary records, 30, 306 
Condit. family, 92 

Silas. 43 
Coney, family, 93 
Congar, Florence, 227 

S., 89 

S. H., 84 
Conkling, family, 93 

Stephen. 283 
Connecticut, 84, 127, 183, 199 
Connecticut Farms, 31, 34, 306, 307, 
308, 309 

tombstones, 123 

vital records, 114 
Connelly, James C. article by, 249 
Conover, family, 93 

tombstones. 121 

Capt. Ditmars. 38 
Constables Hook, tombstones, 119 
Cook, family. 93 

Captain, 32, 35 

Colonel, 34 

Deacon S., 34 

Mrs. George H. 160 
Cool, family. 9 9 
Cooley, E. F.. 84 
Coolier. Silas. 286 
Coon, Rev. Warren P.. 79 
Cooper, familv, 93 

Captain, 313 

Duvale, 65 

Peter, 312 

Miss. 220 
Cooper's Creek, 10. 128, 264 
Cootstown, Pa.. 19, 21 
Cope. G.. 106 
Copeland. family. 93 
Corbin. Mrs. F. H.. 97 
Corinna. Me., 141 
Corlies. Mr.. 296 
Corliss, family, 86. 105 
Cornwall is, Lord. 272 
Corson, Cornelius, 266 

Hendrlck. 266 
Cortelyou, family, 93 

Peter. 266 
Cortrlght. Judge, 314 
Corwln, family. 93 



Cory, family, 93 

David, 308 

Elnathan, 21 

James, 21 

Thomas, 21 
Cotes, Charity. 327 
Couch, Franklin, 97 
Coulter, James, 29 
Coursen, family, 93 
Courter, family. 84 
Court House, Morris, 281 et seq. 
Cowart, Samuel C, 60 
Cox, family. 93 

Benjamin. 283 

Daniel, 13 

Governor, 6 
Cozad, Captain, 35 

William, 311 

(see Cazad) 
Crape, Ursula, 194, 195 
Craig, H. Stanley, 84, 118 
Craighead, family, 93 
Cranbury Lake, 202 
Crane, family, 93 

homestead. 54 

Augustus S., obituary, 155 

Charity B., 155 

E. B., 103 

Frederick L.. 156 

Helen M., 156 

Henry W., 296 

Isaac, 307 

Minerva Carlisle Leah, 156 

Sarah A., 156 

Stephen, 155 

William W., 155 

Mrs., 294 
Cranford, 12, 66 
Crawford, N. Y., 303 
Crayon, J. F., 100 

J. P., 84, 93, 101 
Cregan, Mr., 153 
Cregar, W. F., 96. 109 
Crehore, family. 93 
Crissy, Ellit. 210 
Crooked Pond, 117 
Croes, family, 93 
Crosby, family, 93 
Crosely, A., 84 
Crosley, Rev. Mr., 311 
Crosswicks, 130 

records, 113 

tombstones. 118 
Crosswicks Creek. 276 
Crowell. C. E.. 95 
Crown Point, N. Y., 15, 310 
Crozler, W. A.. 84 
Culver Lake. 201 
Cumberland County, 15, 17, 48. 65 

tombstones, 118 
Cummings, family, 93 
Cummins. O. W., 84 
Curtin, farm. 117 
Cushman. family, 93 
Cutler, Catherine. 56 

Mrs. Willard W.. 60, 75, 80, 226. 
Cutter, W. R., 84 
Cutts. family, 93 

Dahauh, Capt. 146 
Dandridge. A. S., 95 
d'Anterroches. family. 89 
Darbee, L. & R. M.. 98 
Darcy. John S.. 282 

Daretown, tombstones. 122 
Darling, C. \V., 100 
Dart, Henry P., 64 
Davenport, family, 93 
Davis, family. 267 

Dr. Charles. 179 

Emily H.. 305 

E. M.. 101 
George H., 305 
Mrs. Jane, 280 
Margaret. 268 
Peter, 280 

Phebe, 206. 208, 209 

Stephen, 206 

Mr., 151 
Dawson, family, 93 
Day, family, 93 

Capt. Artemas, 32 

Captain, 32. 33, 35 

Fannie, 321 

Capt. Stephen, 34 

William F., 170 

Mr., 221 
Dayton, family, 93 

General, 178 
Dayton, Ohio, 21 
Dean, family, 92, 97 

Miss, 294 
Deane, family, 93 
Deare, Lewis, 212, 216, 217, 218 
Deats. Hiram E., 61, 80, 84, 119. 

DeCamp, family, 84, 93 

Fred W., 79 
De Carpentier, family, 93 
deDienne, J., 89 
Deerfield, tombstones. 118 
Degray, tombstones. 122 
De Groot, Margaret. 277 
De Hart, family, 113 
De Kay, family, 94 
Delamater, family, 94 
Delaware, 9, 199 
Delaware Bay, 262 
Delaware Falls. 263 
De La Warr. Lord. 262 
Demarest, tombstones, 117 

Mary A.. 228 

Rev. William W., 236 
DcMott, J. J., 93 
Denissen, Christian. 101, 105 
Denman, Eliza, 221 
Dennis, family, 94 

Mr., 21 
Dennison. family. 94 
Denny, family. 94 
Densmore. L. W.. 97 
Denton. Daniel. 134 
Denville. 200. 202. 203, 293 
De Puyster. Mr.. 223 
Derbv. family. 94 
Des Moines. la.. 165. 168 
Detroit, Mich., 51 

library. 51 
De Veaux, family. 94 
DeVercux. E.. 103 
De Voe. T. F.. 94 
Devon. Pa.. 79 
De Vrles. 135. 137. 262. 264 
Dewev. familv. 94 

Admiral. 326 
De Witt, family. 94 

F. P.. 65 
Volkcrt. 65 

De Wolf. farm. 117 



Dexter, family, 94 
Diamond, family. 94 
Dickerman, family. 94 
Dlckerson, Capt.. 33 

Aaron, 221 

S, 221 

Thomas, 284 
Dickinson, family, 104 

Gen. Philemon, 274. 276 

Wharton, 92 

Mr., 153 
Dickson, family. 94 
Dimmick. 'Squire. 314 
Dimond, family, 94 
Dingman's Bridere, 125, 128 
Dlsbrow, Catherine C, 156 

Eric V.. 158 

Dr. G. Ward. 156, 158 

Henry G.. 156 

Dr. William S., 80, 166, obit 
uary, 156, 165 
Dismukes, E. P., 95 
Dividing Creek, tombstones, 118 
Dix. Warren R., article by, 169 
Dixon, tombstones, 122 

B. H., 97 
Doane, family. 94 
Dockwra. William. 259 
Dod, family, 94 

Captain, 32 
Dodd. family. 94 
Dodge, family, 94 
Dongan. Governor, 258. 259 
Doremus, family, 94 
Doty, family, 94 

Isaac, 30 

James, 307 

Joseph. 307. 308 
Dover. 84. 189. 200. 293 

tombstones, 121 
Downer, family, 94 
Downing, John. 228 

Nathaniel. 228 

Paul Cook, 229 
Doylestown, Pa., 125 
Drake, Colonel. 32, 151, 153 

Abraham, 247 

Cornelius, 247 

Capt. Francis. 247 

George K., 283. 284, 285 

Isaac. 247 

Nathaniel. 247 

Wilbur A., 79 

Zepheniah. 285 
Drake University. 168 
Drakestown. tombstones. 121 
Dreer. F. J., 89 
Drinker, family. 94 
Drummond. family, 86 

J. H.. 104 
Dryden. Forrest P., 155, 160 
Du Bois, family, 94 
Dudley, family. 94 
Duke, family. 94 
Duke of York, 255 
Dumont. 117 

family. 94. 100 

tombstones. 123 

Natalie. 244. 245 
Dundee Lake. 117 
Dundee. Scot, 56. 208 
Dunham, tombstones. 120 

family, 94 
Dunmore. Lord. 304 

Dunn. Joel. 214 
Dunnel. family, 94 ^ 

^-Dunster. family. H4" 
Duper. Susan, 294 
Dupuy, family, 04 
Durham Furnace, Pa., 149 
Durrie. D. S., 84 

Dusenberry, James P., obituary. 

Mary W.. 158 

Peter. 158 
Dusenbuiv. Mary, 314 
Dustin. Mrs.. 141 
Dutcher, family, 94 
Dwight. Mrs. Eliza L. M., obitu- 
ary. 159 

Rev. Franklin B.. 159 

Maitland. 159 
Dwinnell, family, 94 
Dyar, family, 94 
Dyer. C. C. J.. 98 

Eagleton. Mrs. Wells P., 78 

Eames, Wilberforce, 74 

Early, family. 94 

East Brookfield, 231 

Easthampton. L. I., 322 

Eastman, family, 94 

Easton. Pa., 19. 21, 125, 203, 205. 

233. 261, 301, 317 
East Orange, 40, 41, 139, 185. 230, 

242, 322 
Eaton, family, 95 
Eberhard. C. F. f 77 
Eberhart, family, 95 
Echo Lake. 135 
Eckerson, farm. 117 
Edgar, family, 56. 248 

Alexander, 56 

Anibella, 56 

Bethiah, 56 

Catherine, 56 

Clarkson. 56 

Coriell, 56 

Cornelius Henry, 57 

David, 56, 248 

David. Jr., 56 

James, 56 

Jenett, 56 

John, 56 

Manning, 56 

Margaret, 248 

Mary, 56 

Phebe, 56 

Thomas, 56 

William, 56. 248 

William Henry. 57 
Edge water, 117 
Edinburgh. Scot. 56, 208 
Edson. family, 95 

Mr., 21 
Edwards, family, 95 

Rev. Jonathan, 172, 177 

Mrs. Jonathan. 185 
Egbert, Abram, 311 

Adeline. 4 1 

Catherine. 311 
Esre. Ralph. 84 
Eldora, tombstones, 118 
Elery. Harrison. n>7 
Elisabeth ( KHzabetntown ) , 15. SO, 

30. 31. 32. 3i!. 34, 4*. »">. 72. 
74. 134. 151. 155. 164. 1R9. 184. 
210. 218. 227. 228. 232. 249. 
260. 256. 307. 309. 312. 323 



Old houses of, U9 

St. John's ch. records, 113 

tombstones, 123 
Elizabethport, 127, 231 
Elliot, family. 95 
Elm Ridge, tombstones, 123 
Elmcndorf, family, 95 
Elmer, Lucius Q. C. 2G0 
Ely, family, 95 

tombstones, 119 

Edwin A.. 60. 63, 68, 72 
Emens. E. A., 92 
England. 2. 7. 8, 9, 10, 12 
Englewood, 117 
Eno, family, 90 
Eoff, family, 95 
Erma, tombstones, 118 
Erskine, Mr., 26 
Erwin, Catherine, 312 

David, 312 

Mrs. Thomas C, 229 
Esler, John, 34 
Essex Canal, 205 
Essex County, 13, 17, 131, 227 

"Patriot." 210, 212, 214, 216, 219 

records, 118 
Estellville, 116 
Esten, George W.. 296 

Mrs. George, 298 

Sarah, 295 
Estes. family. 95 
Estler, Ezra, 293 
Evans, family, 95 

Obadiah, 65 

T. G., 94 
Evarts, Martha S., 162 

Mary, 162 

William M., 162 
Evelyn family, 95 
Evertson, family, 103 
Ewing, 84 

family, 95 

tombstones, 120 

Charles. 285, 286 
Ewlngton, Ohio, 42 

Faesch. John J., 25, 36, 39. 147, 

148, 149 
Falrchild, family, 89 

Abram, 306 

Benjamin, 306 

Caleb, 39 

Jeremiah, 33 

Mary. 306 

Dr. Richard V W., 39 

Mrs. Hush E., 63, 67; obituary, 

Seth, 33 

'Squire, 312 

Dr. Stephen, 39 
Fairfield, tombstones, 119 
Fairfield. Conn., 183 
Fairlawn. 117 
Fairton, tombstones, 118 
Farelly. Stephen, obituary. 229 
Far Hills. 64, 65 
Farmar. Thomas, 13 
Farnsworth, family, 95 
Farragut, Admiral, 326 
Farrand. Bethuel, 33. 34 

Herbert U.. 323 

Phineas, 2S8 

Rhoda. 296 

Samuel, 288 

Samuel A., 296 





mily, 95, 

Farrelly. Patrick. 229 
Fatout, family, 97 
Fearee, tombstones, 119 
Felmley, David. 57 
Felt, family. 95 
Fclton, Catherine, 304 
FeltUS, family, 73. 95 
Feltville, 86 
Fenwlck, family, 95 

Major. 5 
Fenwick's Colony, 88 
Ferris, family, 95 
Ferry, family, 95 
Fessenden, L. D. 
Field, family, 95. 

Benjamin, 277 

D. D., 91 

Margaret De G., 

Michael, 277 
Flllow, family, 9T» 
Finch, family, 95, 
First River, 134 
Fish, Thomas, 309 
Fisher, B. van D., 104, 120 

Frederick, 19 

Hendrick, 267, 270 
Fitzpatrick, Edward. 298 

Joseph, 298, 327 

Mary II., 298 

Marion, 79 

Sarah, EG 

Thomas, 56 

(see Randolph) 
Fitz-Stevens, family, 106 
Flanders, 57 

tombstones. 121 
Flatbush, 222 
Fleming, family, 100 
Flemington, 52, 84, 95, 119. 

Florida, 41 
Floyd, family. 103 
Folsom, family, 95 

Rev. Joseph F., 60, 62, 72, 
Foote. Frederick W., 156 
Force, Isaac, 19 

John, 19 

ManninK. 19 

Peter, 19 
Ford, Gabriel. 285 

Henry A., 284, 286 

Col. Jacob. 22. 32 

Janet, 194 

Sarah, 194 

Mr.. 221 
Fordyce, James. 20 
Forman, family. 95 
Forrist»>r, Katherine, 56 
Fort Edward. 310. 317 
Fort Lee. 70, 117 
Fort Miller, 310 
Fort Nassau, 264 
Fort Washington, 27 
Foster. John Y.. 233 
Fothergill. G.. 84 
Fowler, family, 95 

Dr. Samuel. 59. 314 
France. 24 9 
Francis, C, W., 101 
Frankfoid. 153 
Franklin. Renjamln. 185 
196, 197, 254 




2. 273 

186. 195. 



Gov. William. 17. 186, 102 
Franklin Park (pee Six-Mile Run) 
Fredericks. Mr.. 287 
Fredericksburgh, Va„ 58 
Freehold, 24 4 
Freeman, family. 95 

Anibella, 56 

Everett Eeroy. 79 
Frellnghuyscn. Col. Frederick. 38. 
72, 2G9, 270. 274 et sea 

Rev. John. 269 

Theodore. 260. 278. 279, 284 
French family, 95 

tombstones. 117, 123 

A. D. W., 110 

Susanna, 188 
Frenchtown. 126 
Freneau. tombstones, 121 
Fretz, familv. 96 

A. J., 97, 99 
Friesburg, tombstones. 122 
Frost, family, 96 

J C 97 
Fulier/family, 96 

Mrs. George, 294 

Gaddis Run, Pa., 125 
Gage, Mrs. M. E., 84 

Smith G., 298 

'Squire. 298 
Galne, Hugh, 74, 197 
Gaines, Mrs. E. B., 298 

Julia. 298 
Gallaudet, Catherine, 56 

David, 56 

Edgar, 56 

Peter Wallace, 56 

Thomas, 56 

Thomas G., 56 

Thomas Hopkins. 56 
Galloway. Joseph, 271 
Galsworthy, John, 326 
Galtry, Mr., 31 
Gardner, Charles. 112 
Garretson. tombstones. 123 
Gaston, family, 96 

Hugh. 57 

Jennet, 57, 65 

John, 270 

Rebecca. 57 
Gates, family. 96 
. Geiser. A. Eueene, 232 
Genealogical-Index to N. J. Hist. 
f Soc. 81-123 

v Gentry. T. G. 84 
Genung. family, 96 
George I.. 173 
George III.. 324 

German Valley, tombstones. 121 
Germantown. Battle of, 274 
Germany. 2 
Gerry, Elbridge, 49 
Gibbons. Thomas. 177. 178 
Gibbs, family. 96 
Gibson. Mrs. B. B.. 91 
Glfford. family. 96 
Giffords' Inn. 151. 316. 319 
Gillette. Mrs Sarah Lyon. 77 
GHUngham. family. 96 
Glllson. family, 98 
Glanvil. Joseph, 143 
Glenn. T. A.. 90 
Glen Ridge, 79 
Glen Rock. 117 
Gloucester. 7. 10. 152. 264 

Gloucester County, 11, 15, 17, 47. 
48. 240. 276 

records. 119 

constitution of, 47 

origin of, 165 
Gloucester River, 10 
Gnlchtel. Frederick W.. 178 
Goble, family. 96 
Goddard. William. 198 
Godfrey, Dr. Carlos E.. 47. D2. 65. 

Godwin's Tavern. 315 
Goltry, Oliver. 54 
Good, P. T., 107 
Goodenow, L. B., 91 
Goodwin, family, 96 
Gordon, family. 96 

Thomas. 50. 51 
Goshen, tombstones, 118 
Goshen. N. Y., 100 
Goss. family, 92 
Gould, family. 84, 96 

George J., obituary, 230 

Jay. 230 

Justice. 312 

Thomas, 20 
Gowdy, farm, 117 
Gragg. I. P., 97 
Graham, Harry A., 79 

Harry N., 65 
Granger. Post-Master Gen., 320 
Grant, Sir William, 255 
Gray, G. A.. 97 
Great Egg Harbor River, 10 
Great Falls (Paterson), 34 
Great Miami, Ohio, 20 
Great Neck. 41 
Green, family. 96, 103 

Dr. Ashbcl, 192 

B. P., 95. 103. 106 
Charles. 295 

Mrs. Cornelia. 292 

C. D.. 214 
David. 295 

Dr. Francis H.. 227 

Rev. Jacob. 55 

James, 2i>5 

Lucile. 79 

S. A.. 99 

William, 292. 295 
Greene, family, 96 

Alster. 2 2 it 

Rev. David. 162 

Martin E.. 229 

Martha S.. 162 

Mary E.. 162 

Mrs. Matilda Z.. 229 
Greener, family. 84 

J. H.. 84. 0''. 
Greenlaw. L. H.. 85 
Green Pond, tombstones. 121 
Green Village. 308 
Greenville, tombstones, 119 
Greenwich, tombstones, 118 

records. 113. 119 
Gregory. Mr.. 220 
Griggs. John W.. 234 
Grimes. Elizabeth. 297 

Dr. John. 21)7 

Malcolm. 295 

Miss. 298 
Gross, familv. 104 

Qrover, Mrs. Lloyd w.. 226 

Grubb, Oen. E. liurd. 322 
Erne V. R.. 322 



William, 298 
Guard. Daniel, 33 

Hannah, 33 
Guest, family. 100 
Guild. Mrs. M. S.. 106 
Gulick, Fermi ndus, 71 

Johannes, 71 
Guthrie, family, 96 

Habersham, Gov. James, 55 
Hackensack, 32. 35, 117, 227. 245, 
271, 306. 309, 325 

records, 116 
Hacketlstown, 200, 203 

tombstones, 123 
Haddonfield. 276 
Hagar, S. B. F., 85 
Haggerty, Capt., 153 

Hannah, 153 

John, 220 

Nancy, 153 

Patrick. 153 

Mr., 152 

Miss, 221 
Hailey, family, 89 
Haines, family. 96 

A. A., 109 

Henry, 167 

Henry S., death of, 47 

Dr. Isaac S., 47 

Margaret S.. 227 

R., 106 

Mrs., 224 
Haines Neck, tombstones, 122 
Hainesville, 201 
Haledon, tombstones, 122 
Hall, family, 96, 267 

Angelina, 268 

J. P., 85 

John, 31 

Capt. Josiah, 33 
Hailey, family, 96 
Halsey, Charles D.. obituary, 321 

Charles D., Jr.. 322 

Edmund D.. 102, 123, 239 

Fannie D., 321 

George E.. 322 

Ichabod, 20 

Lillie V. K., 322 

Silas C, 321 

Van Rensselaer, 322 

William, 284, 322 
Halsted, family, 96 

Major, 14 4 

N. N., 216 
Halstead, Caleb O., 319 

Isaac S., 150 
Hamburg, tombstones, 123 
Hamden. 24 8 
Hamersley, Louis G.. 51 
Hamilton, family. 96 

Alexander, 69, 176, 178. 214 
Hamlin, family. 96 
Hammatt, Abraham. 85 
Hammond, Mrs. Benjamin, 298 

Cora E., 287 

Enoch. 289. 291, 298 

Joseph. 298 

Mrs. Samuel. 298 

Thomas. 289. 298 

Mrs.. 294 
Hampton. 203 

Capt. Jonathan. 173 
Hancock. John. 183. 324 

Rev. John, 312 

Hancock's Bridge, tombstones, 122 
Hanna, Charles A.. 78. 85 
Hanover, 21. 55, 202, 282, 293. 306. 
308. 312 
records, 121 
Hanover Neck, 191 
Hanover Township, 312 
Hardcastle. John, 29 
Hardenb.rgh, Capt. O.-rrit J.. 243 

Rev. Jacob R., 268, 209, 278 
Hardonbrook, 223 
Harding, President Warren G., 53. 

60. 78 
Hare. Rev. J. Madison, 53 
Haring. Mrs. J. Vn-eland. 79 
Harlan, Edgar R.. 65 
Harlem, N. Y.. 87, 223 
Harlingen. 266 
baptisms. 122 
Harmersville. tombstones, 122 
Harriman, family, 99 
Harrington Park, tombstones, 117 
Harris, family, 97 
Harrisburg. Pa., 19, 21, 59 
Harrison, 4 
family. 97 
Annie 160 
Benjamin. 326 
George Leib, 85 
Isaac, 160 
Sarah. 160 
William. 26 
W. W., 85 
Harrison Park. 117 
Hart, family, 97 
tombstones, 120 
E. L... 101 
H. Ellis, 77 
Isabella. 19 
John, 274 
Hartford. Conn.. 56. 208 
Hartshorne, tombstones. 121 
Hartwell. family. 97 
Harvev, family, 97 

C. B., 85 
Harwood. family. 97 
Haskell, P. W., 85 
Hauck, Cecile. 40 
Elizabeth. 40 
James S., 40 
Josephine, 4 
Katherine, 40 
Mary, 4 

Peter, Jr.. 78; obituary, 40 
Haughwout, family, 97 
Havcmeyer. 117 

farm. 117 
Haviland. family, 97 
Hawcs, family, 97 
Hawthorne, tombstones, 122 
Hayes. C. W.. 109 

David A.. 75 
Hays. Major, 34 
Hay ward, family, 97 
Hazard, family. 97 
Headlev. family. 97 

Leonard, 170 
Heartman. Charles P., 78 
Heath. Andrew. 52 
Heckewelder. Mr.. 204 
Helner, Gen. Cordon G.. 305 
Hempstead. L. L, 309 
Hendrlck, Doctor. 224 
Hendries. Dr.. 160. 163 
Henry, family. 97 



David. 152 

Rev. Milton. 244 

Patrick, 324 
Herald. Dr. II. C. H.. 157 
Herbert. Jacob V. \V.. 55 

Gen. Obadiah, 55 

Mr., 151 
Herbertsville, 55 
Herpers, Henrv F., 64 
Herriot, David. 168 

Prof. F. I., 168 
HetHeld, Jenett, 56 
Hewitt. Abraham S-, 162 
Hewitt's Pond. 202 
Heymouth, 116 
Hibernia. 22 

furnace, 22. 144. 274 
Higbie, James S.. 78 
Higgins, family. 97 
High Bridge. 203 
Hill, family, 97 

Hybla, 39 

John, 297, 298 

Mrs.. 294 
Hills, Thomas. 93 
Hillsdale, 117 
Hillside, 231 
Hlllyer, James. 246 

John, 246 

Simon, 246 
Hinckley, Elizabeth, 194 

Samuel, 19 1 

Sarah. 194 

Gov. Thomas, 194 
Hinman, K. R.. 85 
Historical Notes, 45, 163, 235, 324 
History, text-books of, 323 
Hitchcock. Mr., 287 
Hitrang, Adam, 19 
Hoadley, family. 97 
Hoagland. family, 97 
Hobart College. 45 
Hodgkins, Betsey, 289 

James. 2S9 

John, 289 

Mrs. John. 289 

Lavinia. 289 

Marv. 289 

Sarah. 289 

Thomas, 289 
Hoff, Charles. 22. 168 

Charles. Jr.. 22, 23. 25. 26. 27. 28. 
30. 168; letters from. 23-30, 

Charles. Sr.. 22 

Capt. Charles, 189 

Garret, 148 

John, 145. 148 . 

Joseph. 22. 24 ( 

Mary, 168 / 

Hoffman, family. 97 / 

Capt. Henry B.. 240 

John. 240 

Philip H., 240 
Hohokus. 117 
Holbrook. Albert. 41 

Mrs. Albert. 41 

Albert B.. 41 

Dr. Charles \V. F.. 78; obitu- 
ary, 41 
Holden. Edward P.. 245 
Holland. 2. 4 2 

family, 103 

Samuel. 305 
Holland. Mich.. 42 

Holliday. Captain. 37 
Holiinshead. family, 97 
Holman. Mrs. George W.. Jr.. 228 
Holmdel, tombstones, 121 
Holmes, family. 97 

tombstones, 118 

A. L., 95 

James, 296 

Oliver W., 326 
Holt. John, 196 
Homer, family. 97 
Honey Creek. Ohio, 21 
Honeyman. family, 97 

A. Van Doren, 60, 61. 67, 72. 80. 
85, 87, 88, 91, 95, 97, 99. 100. 
101, 105 

Mrs. A. Van Doren, 74, 228 
Hooker, family. 97 
Hopatcong, Lake. 202. 203 
Hope, tombstones. 123 
Hope College, 42 
/ Hopewell, 22, 52, 84. 168. 274 
\ tombstones, 120 
Hopkins. Timothy, 98 

Mr.. 70 

Mrs., 170 
Hopkinson, Francis, 73 
Hopper, family, 101 

tombstones. 117 

C. A., 90 
Hoppin. C. A.. 102 
Hord. family. 97 
Hornback. Captain. 150 
Horner, Mrs. Henry J.. 227 
Horseimdever (?), Francis, 146 
Horsmanden. Daniel, 143 
Horton, family, 97 

Rev. Azariah, 308 

Daniel. 2S6 
Hosbrook. family, 97 
Hosmer. familv. 97 
Hossack. Dr. David. 301 

Dr. Post, 301 
Hotten. J. C, 85 
Houghton, Mrs. Harry B.. 65 
Houston, Gen. Samuel, 74 

Mr., 214 
Howard. J. J.. 85 

Rev. James M., 78 

Mrs. James M.. 78 

C. H. C. 93 
Reesy. 321 

Howe. G. B.. 90 

G. R., 90 

H. S., 85 

Lord, 254. 271 
, Mrs.. 220 
Howell, familv, 97 

Benjamin. 245. 246 

Ebenezer, 252 

G. R. 85 

Mrs. Henry B.. 228 

Jeremiah. 34 

Richard II.. 79 

Mrs. Samuel C. 227 

Capt. S.. 308, 311 

Mr.. 221 
v Howells. William D.. 326 
Howes, familv. 98 
Hoyt. A. II . 102 

D. W., 85 
Margaret. 24 8 
Rev. Mr. 308 

Hude. Adam. 13 

Hudnut. Isabel. 79. 226. 227 



Hudson, Henry. 250, 262 
Hudson County, 131. 228 

records. 119 
Hudson Valley. N. Y.. 127 
Huff. Denyse, 65 
Hughes, Charles E., 53 
Hull, 6 

familv, 98 

Mr., 153 
Humoston, C. L., 99 
Hummelstown, Pa.. 19 
Humphreys, family, 110 

Miss, 327 
Hunt. Dr. James, 220 

Rev. Holloway W., 316, 318. 320 

Margaret, 44 

Stephen, 270 

Col. Stephen, 275 

'Squire, 225 

William S., 61. 79, 80 
Hunter, family, 84 

William, 196 
Hunterdon County, 13, 15, 17. 22, 
52, 57, 6b, 84, 130, 108 

early Court minutes, 52 

records. 119 
Huntington, family. 98 

Collis P., 71 

Lady, 172 
Hunton, family, 98 
Huntoon, D. T. V.. 9S 
Huntsville, tombstones, 123 
Huntting, family, 98 
Hurdtown, tombstones, 121 
Hurlbut, family. 98 
Hutch ins, family, 267 
Hutchinson, family. 92, 98 

Alice N., 160 

Elmer T., article by, 210 

Isaac H., 160 

John H„ 160 

John Palmer, obituary, 159 

Mahlon, 159, 160 

Newbold, 160 
Hyde, family. 98 
Hynchman, Captain, 225 

Iliff, Mr.. 35 

Imlaystown, tombstones, 121 

Indians of New Jersey. 124-138 
of Union County, 124 
Friends' work among, 166 

Ingard, Else. 311 

Ingham, Rev. J. A., 236 

Ingoldsby. Gov. Richard. 12 

Innes, J. H., 235 

Ipswich, Mass., 85 

Ireland, 2. 10. 12 

Irving, Washington, 165 
Vase of. 165 

Ithaca, N. Y., 303 

Jackson, Dr. Francis 11., 41 

Francis W., 78: obituary, 41 

Mrs. Frances W., 41 

J. C. 110 

Joseph, 286 
Jamaica. L. I.. 309 
Jamaica. West Indies. 17 5 
James, family, 106 

farm burials, 117 

E. A.. 92 

Mrs. T. P.. 103 

Duke of York. 252 
Jameson, Franklin. 235 

Janes, family, 98 

Jans, family. 103 

Anneke, 168 

Jaques, Captain. 33 
Jaquette, family, 98 

Jaryis, family, 98 

Jaudon. family, 98 

Jay, Peter, lit - .') 

Jefferson, Thomas. 69. 317. 329 

Jenkins, George, 298 

Mrs., 294 
Jennings, family, 98 

Samuel. 167 
Jersey City. 79. 226. 228. 314, 315 

marria>j<s, 119 
Jillson, family, 98 
Johnes, family, 98 
Johnson, family, 98, 104 

Abner, 20 

Andrew, 243 

Cornelia A., 321 

David. 224 

PJlipha, 221 

Hetty, 59 

Mrs. J. R.. 41 

Janet, 194 

John, 32, 309, 314 

Maria C, 314 

Mary L... 321 

Maud E.. 72. 74 

Col. Philip, 275 

R. W., 85. 110 

Rosalie Morris, 85 

Samuel. 150, 221 

Theodore T.. 321 

AVilliam. 318; Journal of, 150. 
219, 313 

William M., 80, 105. 245 

Windsor, 34 

W. W., 92 

Mr., 21 
Johnston, fnmily, 98 

Daniel, 65 

James. 65 
Jones, family, 98 

E. Alfred, 64 

E. C. B., 91 

H. Percy. 231 

Henry Phineas, obituary, 230 

John Paul. 326 

Phineas, Sr., 230 

Phyllis. 231 

Spencer. 231 

Rev. W. Northey, 50 

Rev. Mr.. 238 

Mrs., 151 
Jordan, J. M.. 87 

John W.. 85 

T. F., 99 
Jordantown, tombstones, 122 
Joy. family, 98 
Juniata River, 19 

Kanouso. Edward, obituary, 160 

Mrs. Emma. 161 

Laura. 161 

Mary. 161 

Sarah. 161 
Kavs. Mrs. Henry T.. 228 
Kean, W. L. 100 
Kearny, James Lawrence. 78 

Michael, 241 
Kearsloy, G.. 69 
Keen. G. P.. 99 
Keep, family, 98 

I tide a 


Keifer, S. J. H.. 97 
Keini. family, 98 
Kcithock, Scot., 56 
Kellogg, family, 98 

Alice If., 184 
Kenible, tombstones, 121 
Kemper, Col., 189 
Kent, family, 98 
Kent's Neck, 131, 135. 202 
Kentucky, 53, 57, 247 
Ker, family, 85 
Keyport. 203 
Kidd. Walter J., 226; article bv. 

Kilbourn, family, 98 
Kill von Kull, 250 
Kimball, family, 98 

H. A.. 95 

Mrs. Sumner. 92 
Kimble. Mr.. 150 
King, family, 92, 98 

Adah, 31 

Charlotte B., 4 5 

Constant V., 31, 32, 34 

EL R., 96 

Mrs. Hamilton, 322 

James, 208 
Kingdon. Edith, 230 
Kings County. N. Y., 05. 83 
Kinpsland, tombstones. 119 

Edmund, 287 
Kingston. N. Y., 304 
Kingwood Township, 22, 168 

records of, 120 
Kinnan, Joseph, 30 

Mary, 30, 31 

Thomas, 31 
Kinney, Captain, John, 35, 150 

Miss. 221 
Kip. family. 99 
Kipling. Rudyard, 32G 
Kirby, Thomas E.. 4 3 
Kirkpatrick. family, 99 

Walter, 284 

Widow. 312 
Kissam, family. 99 
Kitchel (Kitchell), family, 99 

Aaron, 190 

Abram. 144, 245, 246 

Mrs. A. B., 101 

David. 312 

James, 33, 309 

Lydia, 312 

Capt. Obadiah, 306, 312 
Kneeland. family. 99 
Kneller. Sir Godfrey. 176 
Knickerbocker, family, 99 
Knowlton, 222 

baptisms. 123 
Knox, familv, 99 

Rev. Hugh, 187 

Janet, 56 

John. 187 

Gen. Henry, 24. 27, 28. 144 
Kollen. Rev. Gerrit J.. 78; obit- 
uary. 41 
Kollock. family, 99 

Shepard. 164. 210. 211 
Kool. family. 99 
Kratz. family, 99 
Kuser, Anthony R.. 49 

Mrs. Anthonv R., 49 
Kyn. family. 99 

Labaw, G. W.. 85. 113 

Lacey, Captain. 35 
Lacka waxen Falls, 150 
Lafayette, General, 176. 276. 277 
Laing, family, 99 

Abraham, 56 

Catherine, 56 

Catherine C. 56 

David. 56 

Elizabeth, 56 

Isaac, 56 

Jenett W., 56 
Lake, family, 99 
Lake George. N. Y.. 309, 310 
Lakewood, 230 
Lamar, family, 99 
Lamb, family, 99 

P. W., 105 
Lamberton, 1G3 
Lamington, 57 

tombstones, 123 
Lamscha. Ella R.. 162 

Richard H., 162 
Lane, family, 99 

tombstones, 123 

Sir Thomas. 1 
Lapham, W. B., 91 
La Prarie, Mr., 256 
LaRue. family, 99 
Lasher, family, 99 
Lathrop, family, 84 

William G., 296 

Mr., 292 

Miss, 294 

Mrs., 294 
La Tourette. Mr.. 316 
Lauricr, Christian. 2S7 
Lawrence, family, 99, 107 

M. M., 94 
Lawrence's Brook, 328 
Lawrenceville, tombstones, 120 
Layton, Captain. 33 
Leach, family, 99 

J. C, 107 

J. G.. 110 

F. W., 92 
Leavens, family. 99 
Leavitt. E. W.. 90 
Lebanon, 23, 220, 223. 316. 320 
Lebanon Township, 22 
Lebanon, Ohio, 20. 21 
Lebanon, Pa., 21 
Le Baron, family, 99 
Lee, family, 99 

Gen. Charles. 148, 272. 277 

Esther A.. 321 

Francis B., 85. 239 
Leeds, family, 99 

B. P., 90 
Lcfferts, familv. 97, 99 

Elizabeth M.. 101 
Le Grange, Bernardus, 268 
Leighton. family, l JL< 
Leister, family. 99 
Leonard, family, 100 

Oliver B., 89. 94. 99. 105, 112 

Samuel, 35 
Leonia, 117 

L'Espcnard, family. 100 
Lester, family. 100 
Levins, family. 99 
Levings. family, 99 
Levy. Hayman. 146 
Lewis, family, 100 

Jacob. 31 
Lexington, E., 107 



Liberty, Camp, 37 
Liberty Corner, 31 
Liddle, Rebecca, 311 

Robert, 311 
Lindabury, Mrs. Richard V., -27 
Llnderman, family, 301 et seq. 

David, 304 

Dr. G. B.. 303 

Henry, 303 

Henry R. ( 305 

Henry S.. 304 

Jacob, 303, 304 

James O., 304 

Dr. John J., 301, et seq 

Peter, 304 

Rachel B., 304 

Willett, 304 
Lindsay, family, 100 
Lindsley, Col. B., 33 

Capt. Joseph. 35 

Joseph M., 285 
Lindstrom. Peter, 129 
Lines, Bishop, Edwin S., 80 
Linwood, 116 
Lippit, tombstones, 121 
Lish, Jacob, 144 
Littcll, J., 86 
Little, Mrs. C. M., 100 

Henry \V., 33 

N., 91 
Little Creek. Del., 241 
Little Egg Harbor Township, 83 
Livermore, family, 100 
Livingston, 72 

tombstones, 119 

Gov. William, 24. 31, 50, 69, 1S7, 
188. 193, 195, 276 
Lloyd, family, 100 

E. A., 92 

H. W., 86 

Mr., 154 
Locke. Capt. Francis. 276 

J. G., 101 
Lodge, Edmund, S6 
Lodi, 117 
Logan, family, 57, 100 

Ann, 57 

Christopher, 57 

David. 37 

Capt. Dorastus B., 58 

Elizabeth, 57 

Hugh, 57 

James, 57 , 

Jennet, 57 

John, 269 

Capt. John. 36. 38, 57 

Joseph, 57 

Mary, 57 

Mary S., 57 

Rebecca Ann, 57 

Sarah, 57 

Sarah R.. 57 

Stoffcl, 57 

Thomas B.. 57 

William. 57 

Capt. William. 36 

William J., 57 
Lomerindlke, 154 
London, 1, 6 
Long Hill, Ohio. 20 
I Long Island. 31. 33. 41. 65. 136. 139. 
\ 153 

Battle of. 30. 35, 271, 308 
Long Pond, 202 
\ Long Valley, tombstones, 121 

Longstreet. Hannah. 247 

Lorillard, I'i.-rre. 241 

Loree. Job, 3 2 

Losey, Captain. 35. 309 

Lott, Hendrlck, 266 

Lovelace, Governor, 133, 25.< 

Lovell. Julia P., 244 

Low (Lowe), family, 100 

Abraham. 287 

Anna, 287 
Lowell, James R., 326 
Lower Saddle River, 117 
Lowry, family, 100 

Governor, 132 
Luddinglon. family, 100 
Ludlow, Cornelius, 286 

Israel. 20 
Lum. Charles M.. 60, 80. 226. 244 

Mrs. Charles M., 228 

Edward H., 91. 104 
Lundy. family, 100 
Lupardus. family. 100 
Luse, Capt. Nathaniel. 31. 32, 34 
Lyman, family, 100 
Lyon, family, 100 

Adrian. 50, 62, 80 

Eliphalet. 288 
Lyons, A. P., 100 
Lyons Farms, 191 

tombstones, 119 

Maar, Charles, 95 
Macfarlane, family, 100 
Mackenzie. G. N., 86 
Macklein, Catherine, 304 
Madison, 59. 200. 202 

tombstones. 121 

James, 317 
Madison Hist. Society. 59 
Mahwah. -12. 117. 325 
Magie, Henrietta O., 228 
Maidenhead, 52 
Maine, 127 

Vital records, 114 
Mains, Daniel. 298 
Maitland. Robert Lenox, 159 
Manasquan, tombstones, 121 
Mandeville, family. 100 

tombstones. 121 
Mangilson, John. 133 
Manning, Marianna. 74 

W. F, 74 
Mansfield, tombstones, 118 
Manto River, 10 
Mantua Pike, tombstones. 119 
Maplewood. tombstones. 119 
Marksborouc-h. 2 24 
Marlborough, tombstones. 121.122 
Marquand. Prof.. 242 
Marsh, family, 100. 112 
Marshall, family, 100 

John. 53 

Col. Thomas. 53 
Marston. family, 100 

Nathaniel. :">;"> 
Martin, family. 101 

Capt. Absalom. 65 

Col. Ephraim. 29. 31. 32. 33. 65 

Mrs Essie Newklrk. 79 

G. C. 86 

G. P.. 120 

Marcus, 295 

Mrs. S. S.. 106 

Susanna. 142 
Martin's Woods. .14 



Marton, EmilU \V;ir<l. 233 
Marvell, Andrew. 198 
Mason, family, 91 

Doctor. 219 

F. C, 91 

Rev. John, 320 
Massachusetts, 127, 194 

Rev. Soldiers of. 274 

Vital records, 113 
Matawan, 202, 227 

tombstones, 121 
Mather, family. 101 

O. M., 99 
Matthews, John, 86 

Mr., 50 
Maumee River, Ohio. 30 
Maurice River. 9 
Maxwell, family, 101 

Colonel, 271 
May, S. P.. 104 
Mayfield, family, 101 

R. N.. 90 
Mayo, Edward C, 179 
May's Landing. 116 
Maysville, N. Y., 65 
McCarter. family, 100 
MacCarton, familv, 84. 100 
McCollum. Mr.. 31 
McCormick. G. C 99 
McCoy. Capt, Gavin, 30. 31, 33, 37, 

McCrea, familv, 100 
McCune, Robert, 19 
McDougall, Gen. Alexander, 198 
McElroy, William. 306 
McGee, Jarnes. 225 
McGinnis, John, 19 
McGregor, Mrs. Austin H., 227 

David, 50 
McHenry, John, 304 
Mcllhaney, Asa K., 326 
Mcllvaine, Mrs. Isaac, 228 
McKay, family. 100 
McKissick. Miss, 220 
McLean, family. 109 
McLeod, Rev. Mr.. 320 
McMillan, Emerson. 78 ; obituary, 

Marion, 43 

Maud, 4 3 
McMurfrie, family, 100 
McPhesom, Gillis. 24 
McPike, family, 100 

E. F.. 8G. 96 
Mee, Mr.. 35 
Meeker, Capt. Joseph. 307. 310, 312 

Caleb. 312. 313 

James. 308 

Susan. 312 
Megie, Rev. Mr., 291 

Mrs.. 294 
Mell. family, 101 
Mellick, family. 101 
Mendham, 65. 191 

tombstones. 121 
Menzles, William. 69 
Mercer, H. C. 125 
Mercer County. 85. 228 

tombstones. 120 
Meriwether, family. 101 
Merriam, family. 101 
Merrill, Mrs. Bradford, 40 
Merrltt, Carroll R. 59. 244 
Merry, Julia. 233 
Mervlne, W. M., 86 

Messiter. Mr., 287 
Messier, family, 101 

Jacob, 293 
Mettler. family, 101 
Metuchen. 78, 135. 202. 203, 231 

tombstones, 120 
Mey, Corru lius J., 262 
Meyer, Ernest L., 170. 211 

William, 218 

Mr., 170 
Micklcy, family, 101 
Middlcbush. 226 

Middlesex County, 15, 17, 51, 201. 
228. 246 

records, 120 
Middagh. family, 101 

Cornelius, 267. 268 

Col. Dirck, 266. 267, 268, 269, 
275 et soq„ 313 

George, 266 

Judith. 278 
Middlebrook, 25. 266, 277 

Aaron L., 179 
Middletown. 328 

tombstones. 121 
Mitlin, General. 146 
Milford, Pa,, 150. 203. 314 
Millburn, 54, 202, 229 
Mil! Creek, 259 
Milledoler, Rev. Philip. 320 
Miller, family. 101 

Rev. Edward, 320 

E. N., 233 

H. B., 100 

Jacob W., 284, 285 

John, 29 

Duke, 34. 308 

Doctor. 22 4 

Mr., 225, 320 
Millerstown, Pa.. 19 
Mill Hollow, tombstones, 122 
Mills. Catherine, 311 

David, 286 

Lewis. 284 

W. J., 169 
Mill's Corner, 282 
Millstone. 31. 266, 273 

baptisms, 122 

tombstones, 123 
Milton, 214 
Minisink. 34. 150, 153, 312. 313 

island, 201 

trail, 133, 201, 204. 327 
Minnesota, 161 
Minnis, Robert, 29 
Minor. L. 11. A.. 101 
Minton. Elizabeth, 311 

Esquire, 33 
Minturn. Elizabeth. 311 
Minuit. Gov. Peter. 235 
Mitchell. Capt., 29 
Mizner, David. 57 
Moffat, family, 101 

R. B., 103 
Monfort. Rev. Mr., 71 
Monmouth Battle, 30, 31. 35. 276. 

306, 307. 309. 312 
Monmouth County. 15. 17. 83. 86, 
87, 129. 201, 203. 246 

records. 120 
Monnet. familv. 101 
Monnetto. O. E.. 101 
Montclair. 54. 78. 237 
Monterey. Cal., 300 
Montgomery. General, 312 



Capt. David C, 240 

William, 240 
Montville. 287 

tombstones, 121 
Mooar. George, 93 
Moore, family, 101 

Sir John, 1 

J. N., 120 

Sarah, 327 

Sarah J.. 234 
More, family, 101 
Morehouse, Betsey, 308 

David, 308 

Hannah, 308 

James, 308 

Rebecca. 307 

Simeon, 307 
Morgan. 202 

tombstones, 120 

Captain, 246 

Colonel, 146 

S. C, 214 
Morrell, family, 101 
Morris, family. 86, 101 

General, 316 

J. E., 90 

Capt. Joseph. 309, 310 

Gov. Lewis, 14 

T. S., 108 

William, 286 
Morris Canal. 205 
Morris County, 15, 17. 22, 55. 130. 
131, 228. 312 

court house, 281 

records, 121 
Morrison, G. A., 92, 93 

G. A., Jr., 99 

L. A., 89. 98, 102 
Morris Plains. 190 
Morristown. 22, 35. 38. 44. 49, 53. 
78. 86. 144, 148, 151, 153, 159, 
189, 192, 200, 202, 221, 225, 
227. 229, 240, 244, 272, 282, 
293, 306. 312 

records, 121 
Morristown, Ohio, 21 
Morse, A., 91 

Abner, 86 

Myron W., 79 
Morton, General. 223 
Moses, Isaac, 146 
Mott, family, 101 

Dr. Valentine. 301 
Mount Bethel, 311 

tombstones. 123 
Mount Freedom, tombstones, 121 
Mount Holly, tombstones, 118 
Mount Hope. 26, 145, 148 
Mount Olive, records. 121 
Mount Pleasant. 22. 116, 189 
Mudpe, family. 101 
Muirhead. John. 52 
Mulford. family, 93. 101 
Mullins, family. 101 
Muncie, Ind.. 162 
Mundy. family. 101 
Munroe. family. 101 
Munsell. Joel, 69. 86 
Munson. family, 101 

Captain. 3 4 

Col. John. 24. 34 

Catherine. 312 

Moses, 312 
Murphy, Mrs. Franklin. 228 

Musconetcong, records, 120 

river, 203 
Musgrove. Eugene R., 327 
Mushalea. Elizabeth, 33 

Peter. 33 
Myers, James. 298 

Mary W., 29 8 

Mrs. N. A.. 295 

Nathaniel A., 298 
Mygatt, family, 101 

Xafey, family, 101 
Naman River, 10 
Nash. E. T.. 86 
Nassau, Fort, 264 
Naugle, tombstones. 117 
Navarre, family, 101 
Navesink. 203 

river, 202 
Neafie, family, 101 

John, 101, 103 
Neal, Captain, 312 
Necrology of members. 38, 154. 

Neefus. family, 101 
Neilson, James, 72 
Nelson, family, 101 

William. 73, 86. 89, 94, 197, 

Mrs. William, 228 
Neshanic, baptisms, 122 
Netcong. 200, 203 
Nevill, Samuel, 196 
Nevins, Mr., 214 
Nevius, family, 101. 123 
New Amsterdam. 243 
Newark, 32, 33, 34. 39. 43. 60, 
65, 72, 74, 78, 79. 84, 144, 






153. 156, 158. 161, 164, 
205, 211, 213, 221. 227, 
229, 231, 234. 239, 243, 
305. 312, 316, 320, 321, 
obituaries, 113, 118, 119 
tombstones, 119 
Newbold, Alice. 160 
Rebecca. 160 
Michael E., 160 
New Bridge. 117 

New Brunswick. 33. 35. 45. 55. 70, 
72, 79, 150. 151, 154. 194, 210, 
214, 216, 217, 218. 228. 237, 246, 
271. 272, 307, 312, 313 
marriages. 120 
Historical Club. 236 
Newburg. Pa.. 150 
Newell, tombstones. 120 
Newfoundland. 160. 189 
New Germantown, 29 
baptisms, 120 
records. 113 
Newhall. family. 101 
New Haven. Conn.. 162. 195. 196. 

New Hampshire. 14 0. 141 
New Jersey. "Archives." 238 
10.000 acre Park. 48 
Iron Company. 29 » 
Paper Currency. 12 
Hist. Socletv meeting. 60. 80 
Poems of. 3127 
Rev. Soldiers of. 274 
Vital records. 116 
Witches in. 139 
New Lancaster. Ohio. 21 



Newlin, John W., 78 
New Market. 131. 203. 214 
New Milforci, 117 
New Orleans, 65 
Newport, R. I., 198 
New Providence. 33, 117, 131, 307, 

records. 113 

tombstones. 123 
New Sweden. 2 63 

Newton, 10, 59. 84. 150. 153, 1C0, 
202, 224, 228, 314. 319, 320 

river, 10 

tombstones, 123 
Newton (So. Jersey), 48 

records, 118 
Newtown. L. I.. 87, 309 
New Utrecht. 2 22 
New Vernon. 221 

tombstones. 121 
New York, vital records, 113 
New York City. 30, 31. 36, 37, 51, 
64. 55. 79, 151, 152. 155. 165, 
228, 229. 243 
tercentennial, 235 
New York University, 157, 233 
Niagara Falls, 44 
Nichols, family. 101, 206 

Abigail, 20S 

Mrs. Alexander. 307 

Alexander McWhorter, 207. 208 

Isaac, 206, 207. 208. 200. 226 

Dr. James, 207. 208 

J. G.. 109 

H. Rose, 228 

L. N., 96 

M. J. G.. 96 

Phebe, 207, 20S 

Capt. Robert. 209 

Walter S.. 206, 208. 226 

Dr. Whitfield. 207. 208 
Nicholson, family. 102 
Nicoll. family, 102 
Nicolls, family, 103 

Colonel, 252 
Nightzer. William. 29 
Noble, family. 102 
Noblet. family. 102 
Normahipsin. 202. 203 
Norris, family, 102 

Ann B., 233 
North Adams. Mass.. 157 
Northampton River. 10 
Northfield. tombstones. 119 
North Plainfield Township, tomb- 
stones. 123 
Northvale. 117 
Norton. Ben. 289 

James. 289 

Mrs. Marian McMillin, 43 
Norwich. Conn.. 73 
Notman. W.. 87 
Nova Scotia. 64 
Noves, Amelia, 321 
Nuttman. Lydia T.. 39 

Oakland. 117. 325 
Oakley. Lewis A.. 323 
Ocean County. 87. 228 

tombstones. 121 
Odell. family. 102 
Og-den, family, 96, 102. 105 

Aaron. 179 

Col. Aaron. 164, 170. 177, 271 

Amelia. 224 

Mrs. Andrew, 221 

Benjamin, 170. 171 

B. B. Dayton, 179 

Mrs. Frederick J.. 79 

Gabriel. 270 

John, 16'.i 

John, Jr.. 170 

Josiah, 13 

Morris, 224 
O'Hara. G, 35 

Mr., 151 
Ohio, 20. 327 
Ohio Valley, 85 
Old Bridpe. 55 
Olden, family, 267 

Walter II., 79 
Old Hook, cemetery, 117 
Oldmans Creek. 129 
Old Man's River. 10 
Oliver, family, 102 
Op Dyck (Opdycke) family, i02 

Richard. 168 

Thatcher, 168 
Orange, 221 

records. 118, 119 
Orang-e County, N. Y., 301, 303. 

Ormsby, familv, 102 
Orvis. family, 102 
Osborne, Dr. J. D., 157 

K. H., 104 

Nathaniel. 307 

Thomas. 35 
Ovid. N. Y.. 279. 280 
Owen, T. M. f 100 

T. McA.. 107 

Packer, Asa. 305 

Lucy E., 305 
Page, O. O., 102 
Paine, famiiy, 102 
Palmer, family, 102 

Captain John, 259 
Palmyra. Pa., 19 
Paltz River, N\ Y., 303, 304 
Paramus, 117 
Park (Parke), family, 89, 90. 102, 

Parker, family, 102 

Captain, 31 

Charles W., 60, 61, 80, 281 

Cortlandt, 44 

Elisha. 13, 194. 238 

James, 44, 194, 238, 328 

James E.. 199 

Jane Ballareau. 199 

John, 194 

Joseph. 298 

Margaret Elizabeth, 44 

Mary, 199 

Richard Wayne. 72 

Samuel. 194. 197 

Samuel Eugene. 199 

Samuel Franklin. 199 
Parkhurst, Esther, 308 
Parkinson, family. 102 
Parks, family. 9 2 
Parlaman. John. 288 
Parrv. familv. 102 
Parshall. J. C. 90 
Parsippany. 33. 39. 40. 54, 202. 
203. 292. 293. 294. 295 

tombstones. 121 
Parsons. Mary. 307 

Samuel. 307 

William Barclay, 79 



Pascack, 117 
Passaic, 79, 325 

records, 113. 121, 122 
Passaic County, 131, 228, 325 

records, 121 
Passaic Kails, 314 
Passaic River, 134 
Passaic Valley, S6, 131 
Paterson, 34, 65. 79, 86, 233, 239, 
243, 244. 313, 314 

baptisms, 122 

tombstones, 122 

Gov. William, 268, 270, 274 
Paton. Hannah, 56 
Patrick. L. S., 100 
Paulus Hook. 32. 34. 36 
Pauw, Michael, 251 
Pavonia, 264 
Paxton, W. M., 100 
Peapack, 36. 64 
Pearce, family, 102 
Peck, family, 99, 102 
Pedricktown, tombstones, 122 
Peer, tombstones, 121 
Peirce, familv, 102 
Pell, family, 109 
Peloubet, family, 102 
Pelton, family, 102 
Pence, L. S., 106 
Penn, William, 256 
Pennington, family, 102 

Charlotte Garthwaite, 43 

Capt. Edward R., 43 

John, 31 

William, obituary, 43 

Gov. William Sandford, 43 
Pennsgrove, tombstones, 122 
Penns Neck, tombstones, 122 
Pennsville, tombstones, 122 
Pennsylvania, 1 et seq., 20, 149 

vital records. 113 
Pennsylvania University, 45 
Pensokin River, 10 
Pequanonk, 73 
Pequest River, 203 
Perkins, Merritt G.. 79 
Perrin, family, 102 
Perrine, 102 

Elizabeth. 65 
Perry, familv, 102 
Perth Ambov. 35. 44. 50, 51, 70, 
79, 88. 168. 202. 241. 249. 250. 
254, 25S. 275. 290, 307, 308, 328 

tombstones, 120 
Perth, Earl of. 258 
Peter, family. 102 
Petersburg-, 84 

tombstones, 118 
Pettit, Charles. 149 
Pfeiffer. family, 103 
Phannetsburg. Pa.. 19 
Phelps, familv, 103 

J. A.. 96. 110 
Philadelphia. 7. 9, 11. 36, 39, 47. 
129, 132, 145, 146, 148. 151. 
195, 208. 244 
Philhower, Charles A., 165; ar- 
ticle by. 124 
Phillips Academy. 154 
Phlllipsburg. 79. 203, 228 
Phoenix. S. W.. 110 
Pickersgill. Harold E.. 50. 62 
Pierce, family. 103 

F. C. 95. 102 
Plerpont, family, 103 

Pierre, Abraham, 288 

Daniel T., 287 

Jacob. 287 
Pierson. family, 103 

Rev. Abraham, 65 

A. II.. 89 

Azel, Sr.. 65 

Mrs. Eunice. 191 

F. L.. 105 

J 87 

Robert. 313 

Capt. Shadrack, 32 
Pike, family, 96 

Thomas, 13 

Gen. Zebulon M., birthplace, 
Pike County, Pa., 301 
Pike's Peak. 163 
Pilesgrove, tombstones, 122 
Pinckney, family, 97 
Pinney, family, 95 
Piscata\vay. 53, 85, 131, 273 

records, 120 
Piseopeck Creek, 328 
Pitman, 240 

Pittsburg, Pa., 19. 20, 44, 54, 77 
Pittsgrove, tombstones. 122 
Plainfield. 51, 67, 79, 132, 162, 200. 
228, 247, 273, 313 

campground, 242 (see Ver- 

records, 123 
Piatt, family, 103 

Jacob, 306 
Pleasantdale, tombstones, 119 
Pleasant Grove, tombstones, 121 
Pleasant Mills. 116 
Pleasant Valley, tombstones, 121 
Pleasantville, 116 
Plimpton, family, 103 
Pluckemin. 269, 273 

tombstones. 123 
Plum, Eucrelia M., 232 

Martha J., 232 

Mary R., 232 

Stephen H., obituary, 231 

Stephen H., Jr., 232 
Plumb, family. 103 
Plume. W Beach. 112. 113 
Plumsted. family, 103 
Plymouth, Mass., 162 
Point Pleasant, tombstones, 121 
Point Pleasant. Pa.. 125 
Polhemus, Doras. 266 
Pollard family. 103 
Pompton, 32. 73, 131, 287. 325 

early settlers, 113 

tombstones. 122 
Pompton Lakes. 325 
Pompton Plains. 73, 325 

tombstones. 121 
Ponds, church, 325 

burying ground. 117 
Pontiac (Indian Chief), 16 
Poole. M. E.. 107 
Pope, family. 103 
Porter. Governor. 305 

Mrs. Robert J.. 226 
Portland. Oregon. 45 
Post, family, 103 

Jacob. 3 4 
Postmaster, oldest in U. S., 243 
Potter, family. 86 

C. E.. 87 
Potts, family. 103 



Poughkeepsie, N. Y., 211 
Poulson, Ann V.. 58 

Eliza V., 58 

Herbert E. ( 65 

Judy, 58 
Powerville, tombstones, 121 
Powles Hook, 32, 34. 36 
Pratt, family. 103 
Preakness, 85, 325 

records, 122 
Preble, family, 103 
Preble County, Ohio, 327 
Prentice, Mary B., 44 
Presson. G. R.. 110 
Prevoost. family, 103 
Price, family, 90, 103 

Mrs. Daniel, 90 

Mr., 316 
Pride, family, 103 
Prime, family, 103 

T.. 104 
Primrose, Henry, 2S3 
Prince. Dr. W. Richards, 143 
Princeton, 54. 70, 71, 79, 159, 174. 
192, 214, 228, 226. 227, 247, 272 

battle of, 57 

battle monumeit, 242 

tombstones, 120 
Princeton University, 154, 159, 

174. 187. 322, 326 
Prindle, family, 103 
Printing: in N. J., bi-centennial 

of. 241 
Providence, R. I.. 83 
Puffer, family, 103 
Pumpelly. family, 103 

J. C, 87 
Purdie, Mr., 150 
Purple, E. R.. 99, 103 
Putnam, family, 103 

Ann, 143 
Pyke, W. H., 152, 154 

Quackenbush, family, 103 

Quebec. Can., 310, 312 

Quentin, M.. 165 

Queries and Miscellany, 54, 167, 

246. 327 
Quibbletown, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 
309. 311 

(see Vermeule's) 
Quimby, H. C. 103 
Quinby, family, 103 
Quincy, Dorothy, 183 
Quinton Township, tombstones, 


Race, H.. 100 
Raccoon Creek, 10 

tombstones. 119 
Rahway, 32. 33, 34. 56, 72. 131, 134. 
214. 248. 307, 309 

records, 123 
Rahwav River, 202 
Ralle. Colonel. 70 
Ramapo. 288. 325 
Ramsay. Dr. William E., 51 
Ramsey, 117 
Randolph, family. 112 

Coleman, 53. 100 

H. C. P., 67. 78. 100 

Jeremiah Pita, 66 

Joseph Fitz. 5 6 

Marlon Fitz. 79 

Thomas, Fitz. 66 

(see Fitz-Randolph) 
Rankin, Edward P., 80 

Edward S., 61 
Rappleyea. Lieutenant, 37. 3S 
Rarltan, 128. 130, 135, 203. 266 
Raskob, family, 103 
Raven. Rev. John. 236 
Rawlins, family, 103 
Rawson. family. 103 
Raymond. Mayor. 156 
Reade, family, 103 
Reading, John. 48 
Reading. Pa.. 19, 21. 146 
Readington, baptisms, 122 
Rtadington Township, 57 

tombstones, 120 
Roadstown, tombstones, 118 
Realing, M. K.. 91 
Red Bank. 34, 35, 48, 129. 227 
Redfyne, family. 103 
Redington, family. 104 
Reeves, family, 105 

tombstones, 119 
Revell, family. 95 
Revolution, camp ground at Plain- 
field. 242 

last son of, 240 

record abstracts. 30, 306 
Reynolds, Cuyler, 87 

Margaret, 298 
Rhoads, family. 97 
Rhode Island. 44 

vital records, 113 
Rich. A. B.. 87 
Richards, family. 104 

tombstones, 123 

Emily, 298 

Dr. Harry E.. 322 

Helen L.. 323 

Louis. 104 
Richardson. Ernest C, 79, 80 
Richmond, Mr.. 289 
Richmond. N. Y.. 133 
Ricord, Frederick W., 239 
Riggs, family. 104 
Righter. S. Ward. 113 
Riker, James Jr., S7 
Riley. Alfred J.. 79 
Ringoes, records. 120 
Ringwood, 26. 190 
Ripley, family, 104 
Risley. S. A., 99 
Rivington. James, 69 
Rix, G., 94 
Roach. Josephine, 47 
Robbins. William A.. 79 
Roberts, Samuel. 283 
Robertson, family. 104 
Robeson, family, 104 
Robinson, family, 104 

C. E.. 97 
Robstown, Pa., 21 
Rockawav. 22. 34. 84. 130. 131. 
190. 191. 192. 200. 245, 246 

tombstones. 121 
Rockaway River. 202. 203 
Rock away Valley. tombstones. 

Rockaway. L. I., 309 
Rockefeller, family. 104 
Rockwell, family. 104 
Rockv Hill. 71 
Rodenbouarh, T. P., s: 
Rodgers. Henry. 21 

Mr.. 154 




Rodley, Elizabeth, 311 

William, 311 
Roe. Mr., 30 
Roebling. K. \V.. 109 
Roff, Richard, 33 
Rogers, family, 101, 105 

Jacob S.. 162 

Mary, 306 

Orra S., 79 

Mrs. Orra S., 79 

Hannah, 56, 194 

Abram, 20 

John, 20 
Rollins, J. R., 103 
Romeyn, Rev. John B., 320 
Roome, family, 104 

Allison Burton, 162 

Ann B., 161 

Benjamin, 161 

William, obituary, 161 
Roosevelt. Theodore, 326 
Roseboom, family, 104 

Gerrit, 268 
Roscdale, tombstones, 119 
Roseland, tombstones. 121 
Rosell, family, 104 
Roselle Park. 210 
Rosenberger, family, 92 
Roseville. 111., 65 
Ross, Edwin, 234 

Elizabeth C, 234 

John, 150 

Mrs. John H., 245 

Sarah Johnson, 234 
Rowan co., X. C. 327 
Rowell, family, 104 
Roxbury, Mass., 45 
Roy, family, 104 
Royse, John, 13 
Rue, Mrs. Jacob B., 227 
Rumson, 321 
Runyon, family, 93, 104 

H., 102 

John, 327 

Phineas, 327 

Robert, 327 
Rupp, I. D., 87 
Ruslingf, family, 104 
Russel. Mr.. 221 
Rutgers College, 210, 243 
Rutherford, family, 104 

tombstones, 119 
Rutledgre, Edward. 254 
Ryerson, family, 104 

tombstones, 122 
Rynearson, family, 104 

Sabine, Lorenzo, 274 
Sackett, family, 104 
Sacramento, Cal.. 301 
Saddle River, 117 
Sahler. family, 104 

L. H., 108 
St. Croix. W. I., 187 
St. John's Isle. S. Y.. 310 
St. Eouis, Mo.. 43. 83 
Salem. 6. 9, 116. 228 

tombstones, 122 
Salem County. 11. 15, 17, 48. 129 

tombstones, 122 
Salem River, 10 
Salem, Mass.. 14 2, 143 
Salisbury. E. E., 87 

E. M., 87 

J. E.. 92 

Salisbury, Mass., 85 
Salter, family, 104 

Edwin, 87 
Sand Brook, tombstones, 120 
Sands, family, 104 
Sandwich. X. H. 141 
Sandy Hook. 35, 36, 37, 3S, 219, 

251, 258 
Sandy Ridge, tombstones, 120 
Sandyston township, 201 
Sanford, family, 104 
San Francisco, 300 
Santa Barbara. Cal., 43 
Saratoga, X. Y., 15, 311 
Sares, family. 104 
Sargent, family. 104 
Satterthwaite, E. B., 97 
Saunders, farm, 117 
.Savage, James, 88 
Savannah, G;i„ 55 
Savery (Savory), family, 99, 105 
Sawyer, family. 105 
Sayler, family, 105 
Say re. family, 105 

Howard C. 231 

Mr., 153. 221 
Sayres, family. 105 
Sayreville. 135, 202 
Scannell, John J., 79 
Schaeffer, family, 105 
Schaff, family, 105 
Schell, family. 105 
Schenck, family. 105 

tombstones, 121 

Colonel, 33 

Daniel, 57 

Dr. Ferdinand. 214 

Garret C, 113 

Rev. Garret J., 73 

Gertrude. 278 

Capt. John, 54 

Peter, 270 

Mr., 221 
Schooley's Mountain, 224 
Schraalenburtrh, 117 

records, 116 
Schriner, C. A., 86 
Schureman, familv, 105 
Schuyler, family, 105 

Peter, 15 

Philip, 303 
Scot, George. 64 

Scotch Plains, 53, 135, 165, 316. 

marriages. 123 

records, 123 
Scotland. 2. 12, 51, 65, 168 
Scott, family, 105 

Dr. Austin, 45, 66, 60, 63, 78. 

tributes to, 45, 236 

Moses, 151 

William W., 113 
Scudder, family, 105 

Hannah, 308 

Philip. 308 

Wallace M.. SO 
Scull, family, 105 

G. D.. 95 
Scullertown. tombstones. 122 
Sea Girt, tombstones. 121 
Seaman. Charles K.. 50 

Charles K.. Jr.. 79 
Searight. family. 105 
Searle, Rev. J. Preston. 78 



Scars, familv. 104 
Sebring, family. 105 

Daniel. 52 
Sccauous, tombstones, 110 
Second River Battle, 276 
Scely, Col. Sylvanus, 3 1 
Sellers, B. J.. 88, 89, 93, 05. OS, 

99, 103. 108 
Sergeant, Jonathan D., 270 
Sergeantsvllle, tombstones, 120 
Sergent, family, 104 
Serven, family, 99 
Sessions, family, 105 
Seward. Colonel. 37 
Sexton. Elmer K., 70 
Seymour. Henry. 260 
Shafto, family. 86 
Sharp, Edward, 50 
Sharpe, familv, 105 

Gen. George H., 304 

Judge William R., 247 
Sharpies, S. I\. 9S 
Sharpstown. tombstones, 122 
Shaver. Colonel, 221 

Maria. 316 

Major. 314 
Shaw, Mary, 303 

Moses, 303 
Shearer, family, 105 
Shepard, Frederick M., Jr., 78 
Shc-perd, familv, 04 

William 11.. 235 
Sherman. Roger, 162 
Shields, Dr., 174 
Shippen. familv, 84, 105 
Shippensburg, Pa., 19, 21 
Short, family. 101 
Short Hills, 31. 34, 56, 248, 274 
Shotwell, family, 105 

Jenett, 56 
Shourds, Thomas, 88 
Shrewsbury, 202 

inlet. 204 

tombstones, 120 
Shriner, C. A., 73 
Shuey, family, 105 
Sicamac, 117 
Sill, family, 105 
Simpson, David, 31 

James, 58 
Sims, family, 105 

C. S.. 88. 104 
Sinclair, Mrs. Guinevere J., 230 
Sinnon, Mr.. 221 

Mrs., 221 
Sinnott, familv, 105 

M. E., 88 
Sitgreves, Samuel. 150 
Six-Mile Run. 214 

baptisms, 122 
Skeensboro, N. Y., 311 
Skelton, family. 105 
Skiff, family, 105 
Skillman, familv, 105 
Skinner, Mrs. Elizabeth A., 231 

Gertrude, 194 

Mr., 313 
Slipper. J. H., 109 
Sloan, family. 105 
Small. Samuel. S8 
Smalley. family. 105 

tombstones, i 23 

Isaac, 312 
Smalleytown, 311 
Smedley. family. 106 

Smith, family, 106 

tombstones, 119, 123 

Abel, 110, 

Mrs. Arthur G.. 228 

Bernard, 145, 148 

C. P.. 100 

Celinda, 58 

Charles, 21 

Claudius, 188, 288 

Elizabeth C, 40 

George D., 328 

J., 29 

James, Jr., 40 

John, 128 

Joseph, 286 

L. Cotheal, 75, 76 

Lloyd, 50 

Margaret, 5f. 

Martha L., 65 

Mary, 5 6 

Gov. Port Royal, 174, 175 

Samuel P., 326 

William, 248 

William P., 169, 170, 171, 17T> 
Smith's Landing, 116 
Smyth, S. G. t 94 
/ Somerset County. 15. 17. 21, 22, 
j 30, 30, 57, 228, 213 

records. 122 

Revolutionary Days in. 265 
Somers Point, 116 
Somerville. 44, 83, 203, 265, 266, 

baptisms. 122 

tombstones, 123 
Sonmans, Peter, 259 
Sorell (N. Y.), 309, 310 
South Amboy, tombstones. 120 
Southampton, D. I.. 85, 2 16 
South Bethlehem. Pa.. 45. 203 
South Carolina, marriages, 113 
South Dennis, tombstones, 118 
South Middlebush, tombstones, 

South Orange, tombstones, 119 
South Plainfield. 131 
Southwick, Dr. Edmund, 241 
Spaulding. family. 106 
Spencer, family, 104, 106 
Spencer, Mass.. 230 
Spier. Leslie, 132 
Spoon er, family. 10 6 
Spring. Rev. Mr 320 
Springfield. 31. 32, 33, 34. 35, 13o. 
153, 200, 202. 214, 225, 273. 
307. 309. 311, 312, 316 

battle, 18S. 191. 306 

tombstones, 123 
Springfield, Ohio, 20. 21 
Springer, family. 106 
Spring Valley, 117 
Squier. family, 106 
Staats, family. 73, 106 
Stacies Island. 5 
Stackhouse, A. M.. 97 
Stacye. family. 95 
Stanburv. Capt. (?). 32 
Stanhope. 202. 221 
Stanley. 202 
Stanton, family. 106 

tombstones, 120 
Stanwood. J. R.. 109 
Staples, family. 106 
Stapleton. II. E. C 92 
Starkev. Mrs. Thomas. 298 



Start, family, 106 

Staten Island, 33. 41, 128, 133, 

134, 194, 201, 249, 307. 309 
States, family, 106 
Steam carriage, first, 55 
Stearns, B. B.. 88 
Stebbins. family, 106 
Steele, William. 214 
Steele's Gap, 31 
Steelman, family, 106, 116 
Steen, James, 101, 110 
Steiner, family, 106 
Stelle, family, 106. 112 
Stelton, tombstones. 120 
Stephens, family, 106 

General, 223 
Sterling-, family, 106 
Stetson, Francis L., 162 
Steuben, Baron, 50 
Stevens, family, 106 

John. 311 

Robert. 56 
Stevenson, family, 106 

J. R., 93 
Steward, family. 106 
Stewart, family, 106 

Col. Charles, 248, 275 

Commodore, farm b. ground, 

E. S.. 106 

Montgomery, 59 

Widow, 312 
Steymets, Caspar, 240 
Stickney, family, 106 

C. E., 94. 97 
Stiles, H. R.. 88 

John, 29 

Joseph, 283 

Moses, 224 
Stillman, William II, 79 

Mrs. William M., 79 
Stillwater, N. Y.. 310, 311 
Stillwell, J. E., 88, 104 
Stirling, Lord, 22. 23, 24, 25, 26, 
27. 28, 31, 145, 148, 272. 274. 

Lady Kitty. 176 
Stit, Elizabeth, 233 
Stites, family. 92, 106 
Stockbridge, Mass., 177 
Stockton, family, 106 

manuscripts, 113 

Richard. 274 

Robert F.. 326 

Mr.. 221 
Stockwell. M. LeB.. 99 
Stoddard, family. 106 
Stokes, family, 106 
Stoll, Mr., 153. 314 
Stone, family, 106 
Stony Brook, 201 
Stout, family. 106 

W. B., 108 
Straloch. Scot.. 51 
Stratton. family. 107 
Strawberry Hill, 35 
Strawburg. Pa.. 19. 21 
N Striker, family. 101 
Strother, family. 107 
Stroud. C. P.. 104 
» Strycker, family. 107 
Stryker. Katherlne If., 228 

{Catherine N., 79 

John. 299 
\ Paul, 299 
* Gen. William S.. 239 

Stuart. Mtb.. 151, 152. 154 
Studer. Augustus C, 78 
Styles. Robert, 11 
Succasunna. 58. 288, 312 

tombstones. 121 
Succasunna Plains. 32. 221, 225 
Bulerave, Bng., 49 
Sullivan, General, 272, 276. 310 

James, 235 
Summit, 155. 156, 200, 202 
Surdam, family, 107 
Sussex County. 17. 49. 201. 228 

marriages. 113 

tombstones, 123 
SutlifT. family. 107 
Sutphen, Dr. Theron T., 78 
Sutton, family, 107 

Mary, 311 

U.. 31 
Swasey, family, 107 
Swayze. Francis J., 62 

John L.. death, 78 
Swearinger, family, 107 
Swedcsboro, 119 
Sweet, Benjamin. 21 
Swick. Minor, 105 
Swift, family, 107 
Swimming River, 202 
Symmes, P. R.. 88 

Tainter. family. 107 
Tait. Robert. 19 
Talbot, family. 107 
Talcott, S. V.. 88 
Talmage, family, 107 

Caroline, 44 

Edward T. H.. 78; obituary. 44 

Edward T. H.. Jr., 44 

Dr. John F.. 44 

Margaret Hunt, 44 

Prentice, 44 

Thomas, 44 

Rev. T. DeWitt. 44 
Tapley. family, 107 
Tappan, 117 

family, 107 

tombstones, 117 
Tate, family. 101 
Tateham. John. 6 
Taylor, family, 107 

inn. 223 

tombstones. 121 

Dr. Edward. 74 

James. 289 

Col. John. 29 

Mahlon. 25 

Mr., 149. 223 
Teers. Miss. 220 
Tell, William. 186 
Teller, family, 103 
Ten Eyck. Captain. 33 

Col. Abraham. 275 

Matthias, 21 

Col. Matthias. 267. 269. 270. 280 

Neltje. 169 
Ten-Mile Run, tombstones. 123 
Tennent, baptisms and deaths. 

Tenney. family. 107 
Terhune. Altha. 247 

Cornelius. 247 

Eva. 247 

Garret. 247 

Jeanette, 247 

Margaret C. 247 

Margaret L.. 227 



Margrietje, 247 

Mary, 247 

Roelof. 247 

Stephen. 247 

William, 247 
Terry, family. 103 
Tewksbury Township, records. 

Thatcher, Grace, 168 
Thaxter. family. 109 
Thomas, family, 107 

Gabriel, 1. 2. 3 

Robert Currie, 59 

Mr., 317 
Thomson, family, 107 

Ann B., 59 

Brackenridge, 59 

Hester S., 59 

Hettv. 59 

Isaiah, 198 

Jacob S.. 59. 153, 234 

Mrs. Jacob S., 59 

Maria C. 59 

Col. Mark, 59 

Martha Hughes, 59 

Rebecca D.. 59 

Robert C, 59 

Mrs. Robert C, 59 
Thompson, family, 107 

Mrs. Charles D., 57, 100 

Eliza B., 227 

Jacob, 32 

James W., 46 

Nancy, 314 

Robert, 314 

William, 19 
Three Brothers Mountain, Pa., 

Thwing, W. E.. 100 
Tichenor, family, 107 

F. M., 75, 76 

George, 144 

James Hedden. 39 

Lydia Tuttle, 39 

Martin. 39 

Ruth E., 39 
Ticonderoga, N. Y., 35. 309, 310, 

Tierman. family, 107 
Tilton, M. J.. 91 
Timber Creek, 10. 276 
Tingley. family. 107 

Ebenezer. 270 
Tinker, family. 107 
Titmouse, Franklin, 35 
Titsworth. Frances, 158 

Caleb, 158 
Todd. C. B.. 91 

William. 313 

Mrs., 220. 224 
Toler, A. P., 88 

Harry P., 322 
Tombstone Records. 116 et seq. 
Tomkins, family, 107 
Tomlin, Charles. 88 
Tomlinson. family. 93 
Tompkins, General, 37 

Ira. 208 

Mrs. Ira. 207 
Toms River. 228 
Tone. Mrs.. 31 
Tooker. Paul S.. 133 
Torrey. family. 107 

F. C„ 101 
Totowa. records, 122 

Tottenvillc. S. I.. 251. 254 
Town<\ \V. B., 101 
Townley. family. 107 
Townshend, family, 107 
Tracy, family. Iu7 

Bbeneser carter, 162 
Emily B., 162 
Evarts. 163 
Howard C. 163 

Jeremiah Evarts, obituary, 162 

Martha Sherman, 163 

Stephen. 1G2 
Tranquility, tombstones, 123 
Traverso, Mrs. Estelle, 43 
Treat, family, 107 

J. II.. 'Jl 
Trees, dedication of. 326 
Tremaine, family. 107 
Treman, family, 107 
Trcmbly's Point, 307 
Trent, William. 13 
Trenton, 17, 52, 54, 57, 65, 70, 84, 
125. 128, 129, 130. 151. 1C3, 
164, 178, 261. 263, 273, 317 

tombstones, 120 
Trowbridge, family, 108 

F. B.. 92, 97 
Troy, 40 
Troy, N. Y., 293 
Troy Hills. 245. 246 
Truman family. 107 
Tryon, Gov. William, 304 
Tuckahoe, 116 

tombstones. 118 
Tucker, family. 108 

Harriet M.. 65 
Tunis. Teunis, 267 
Tunison, family, 10S 

Abraham, 269 

Cornelius. 266, 267, 269 

Folkert, 269 

Neltje. 269 

Philip, 269 
Turkey, tombstones, 123 
Turner. Alfred Rogers, 7S 
Tuthill, family, 108 

Samuel. 283 
Tuttle. Daniel. 193 

Elizabeth C, 154 

Hannah. 22 

Mary. 311 

Moses. 22. 189 

Capt. Timothy. 307, 309 

tavern. 221 

Miss. 221 
Tweed, family. 108 
Tye, Ann. 304 
Tygart Valley. Va.. 30 
Tyler, family, 108 

Ulster County. N. Y.. 303, 304 

Undereliff, 117 

Underhill. Miss. 220 

Underwood. L. If., 103 

Union College. 45 

Union County. 124. 201, 228 

records. 123 

townshln. 19 
Updike, family, 102 
Upham, family. 108 
Upper Canipgaw. tombstones. 117 
Upper Saddle River, 117 
Upson. Jesse, 2S3, 285. 286 
Usher. J.. 92 

James. 107 



Vail, family, 108 
Benjamin A., 72 
Theodore x\, 70. 71 

Valentine, family, 108 
Valleau, cemetery. 117 
Valley Forge, 192 

Van Alstvne, family. 108 
Van Arsdale, family. 108 

Eliza. 221 

Rev. Mr.. 311, 313 

Miss, 221 

(see Van Orsdale) 
Van Rael. family, 103 
Van Bergh. Dinah, 269 
Van Blarcom, farm, 117 
Van Brunt, tombstones, 117 
Van Burin. Mr., 22« 
Van Buskirk. tombstones, 117 
Van Cortlandt. family. 103 
Van Culcmburg, family. Iu8 
Van Deren. John. 151, 152, 153. 
222. 224. 225. 316 

William. 151, 152, 153, 154. 225. 
316. 317. 318 

Mrs. V> illiam, 222 

Mr.. 247 
Vanderhoof, tombstones. 119 
Van Derveer, tombstones, 123 

Colonel. 280 
Van Deusen, family, 108 
Van Doom (Van Doren, Van 

Dorn) family. 108 
Van Doren, Alche, 57 
Van Duyne, tombstones, 121 
Van Duyn, Dennis, 37 
Van Dyck, Hendrick. 243 

Col. Hendrick. 276 

Jane E., 244 

Ruloff, 267. 270 
Van Dyke, family. 108 

Rev. Henry. 242. 326 

H. W„ 95 
Van Hengel. family, 104 
Van Hoosear, D. H.. 95 
Van Home (Van Horn), family, 

Cornelius. 267 

John. 209 

Col. Philip, 267. 269 
Van Houten, family, 86, 10S 

tombstones, 117. 122 
v_. Colonel. 287 

\ Van Llew, family, 108 
/ Van Mater, tombstones, 121 
/ Van Middlesworth, Hendrick, 270 
Van Ness, tombstones, 119 
Van Nest. Bernardus, 266 

Catalintje. 268 

Jeronimus, 266 

Peter. 266 

Rynear, 37 
Van Nest's Mills, 276 
Van Nostrand, Jacob. 268 
Van Orsdale. F. D., 66 (see Van 

Van Raalte. Rev. A. C, 42 

Mary W.. 4 2 
Van Rensselaer, family, 103 

Mrs. John King, 235 
Van Syckel. Bonnet. 78 
Vantine, Clara 10.. 157 
Van Veghten. Dirck. 269 

Michael. 266. 267. 280 

(see Veghte) 
Van Voorhis. family. 108 


Van Vranken. Miss Mary C. 228 

Miss. 74 
Van Winkle, family. 108 
Van Wyck. Philip V. R., 80 

Van Zandt. Capt. Bernardus. 

Jamea, 243 

John N.. 243 

Miss. 220 
Varnum. family. 108 
Vauxhall. wardens (X. Y. City), 

154. 223 
Veal to v. ii, 31 
Veghte, tombstones, 123 

Garret. 266 

(see Van Veghten) 
Vermcule. campground, 30, 32, 33, 
34. 35. 306, 309 

tombstones. 123 

Cornelius. 207. 270 

Cornelius, Jr., 278 

Cornelius, 3rd, 278 

Rev. Cornelius, 279 

Cornelius C, 242; article by, 

Derrick, 278 

(see Quibbletown Camp) 
Vermilyc, A. S., 102 
Vermont, vital records, 113 

E. deV.. 88 
Vernon, Conn.. 73 
Verrazano, 127 
Versteeg, Ding-man. 235 
Vezine, Clara, obituary, 232 

Alice King. 232 

Lawrence K., 233 

Oscar W.. 232 

Russell K.. 233 

William K.. 233 
Viele, family. 99 
Vincent, Dr. George C, 157 
Vinton, family. 108 
Virginia. 30, 127 
Volk, Ernest. 125 
von Metre, family, 94 
Voorhees, family. 108 

tombstones, 120, 123 

Edward K., 104 

Frederick N., 79 

Garret, 270 

Lucas. 270 

Rev. Oscar M.. 99, 109 

(see Van Voorhis) 
Voorhis town, Ohio, 20 
Vosburgh, family, 108 
Vosseller, family. 108 

tombstones. 123 
Vredenburgh. family. 109 

La Rue. Jr., death, 78 
Vreeland. family. 109 
Vroom, tombstones. 123 

Garret D. W., 239 

Col. Peter D.. 274, 275 

Waddell. Anne. 54 
Rev. Henry. 54 
John, 54 
Col. William. 54 
William C. II.. 54 

Wade, family. 109 
Jonas. 214 

Wagen seller, family. 

Wager, family, 109 

WaUlron. family. 109 

John. 208 
Waldwich. 117 




Wales, 2, 12 
Walker, family, 109 

13., 108 

Edwin It., 80; article by, 261 

J. B., 91 
Wall, tombstones, 121 

A. J., 235 
Wallace, John, 268 

J. H., 104 

Joshua M.. 26S 

William, 268 
Walworth, R. }!.. 98 
Waples, family, 97 
Ward, family, 109 

Alexander S., obituary, 233 

Caleb, 209 

Elijah. 285 

Elizabeth (Stitt), 233 

Emma. 207 

G. S. L., 101 

IJenry C, 144 

Mrs. Henry C, 168 

Capt. Jonas, 3 4 

Marcus L,., 75, 76 

Waldron M., 233 

Dr. William S., 233 

Mrs. William P., 228 
Warrie, famiiv, 109 
Warden, family, 109 
Warne, family, 109 
Warner, family, 109 

C. P., 88 

P. R., 104 

William. 48 
Warren, family, 109 

Mrs. David B., 40 
Warren County, 228 

records, 123 
Warriner, famiiv, 109 
Warwick Township, N. Y„ 312 
Washburn, family, 109 

C. D. D., 108 
Washington, family, 109 

Gen. George, 24, 49, 50, 54, 176, 
193, 209, 244, 266, 270, 271, 
277, 278 

Martha, 278 

tombstones, 123 
Washington, Ky„ 53 
Washington County, Pa., 65 
Watchung, 182, 293 
Watchung Mountains, 201 
Waters, E. S., 109 

II. P., 88, 109 
Watertown. N. Y., 83 
Watkins, Rev. Hezekiah, 198 
Watson, family, 109 

A. R.. 88 

E., 106 

J. L., 100 

Mrs. John D., 74 

Luke. 134 

Dr. Robert. 75 

W. M.. 110 
Watts, family. 103 
Wayne County, Pa., 150 
Wayne. Port, Iml., 30 
Weare. N. H, 141 
Weaver, famiiv. 8 9 
Webb, famiiv. 109 
Webber, family. 109 
Weber. Helen C. 156 
Webley. family. 86 
Webster, famiiv, 109 

Col. John. 276 
Weeks, family. 109 

L. H.. 91 
RufUS W.. 72 

Weldon, Prances, 41 

Welling;, family, 109 
Weller, George, 21 :: 
Welles, Jane E., 244 
Rev. Theodore W„ 243 

GOV, Thomas, L' 13 
Wells, family. 109 

Mrs. H. I. 11.. 95 
Wolsher, Thomas, 144 
Wendell, famiiv, 109 
Wcrden, Sr. John, 258 
Wequahick Creek, 121). 134 
Werner, Cnarles J.. 79. 88 
Wertenbaker, Thomas P., 242 
West. J. H.. 98 

Thomas, 282 
Westboro, Mars., 162 
Westervelt, family. 109 

Mrs. Willfam H., 227 
Westfleld, 74, 124, 132, 133. 200. 
202. 136, 105 

records, 113 

tombstones, 123 
Westminster, Eng., 83 
West New Jersey in 1698, l 
Weston, tombstones, 123 
West Orange, 228, 231 
West Point, X. Y.. 189 
West wood, 117 
Wetherill, family, 109 
Wetmore, famiiv, 109 

Mrs. 177 
Weygand. Miss. 25, 26 

C. H., 98, 104 
Weyman, Mr.. 197. 198 
Whaley. family, 109 
Wheeler, family, 109 

Capt. James. 158 

Joseph L., 158 

Mary, 15S 

Mary L., 228 

W. O.. 102, 123 
Wheeling. W. Va.. 21 
Whippany, 39, 193, 202, 203, 306. 

tombstones, 121 
Whipple, famiiv, 97, 109 
Whitaker, family. 109 

Doctor, 177 

Nathaniel. 31 
White, family, 86. 109, 110 

Rev. Calvin, 55 

Mrs. Henry S., 226. 227 
White Hall, 152. 225 

tombstones. 121 
Whitehead. Rev. Cortlandt, 77; 
obituary, 44 

Esther, 58 

Ezekiel. 284 

Mrs. Harrie P.. 227 

John, 43 

William. 44 

William A.. 44. 88, 107 
White House. 203 
Whitman. Walt. 74 
Whltmore, w. H., 88. 89, 98 

Whitney, famiiv, 110 

William, 321 
Whlttemore, famiiv. 110 

Henry. SS. B9, 9 1 
Whittlesey, famiiv. 110 
Wickatunk, 202. 203 

tombstones, 121 
Wlckham, DeWltt C, 296 





Wight, family, 110 
Wikoff, family, 110 
Wilbur, family, 110 
Wllkee-Barre, Pa., 305 

Willard. family, 110 
Willet, William. 313 
William. Abigail, 143 
Williams, family, 

C. D., 9 2 

C. S.. 101, 10S 

E. r., 106 

Mary, 295 

M. M., 170 

Williams College, 
Williamsport. Pa. 
Willis, family. 110 
Wilmington. Del.. 199 
Wilsey. Edward, 59 

Edwin S.. 24 5 
Wilson, family, 110 

Emma, 289 

Jenett, 56 

Sarah, 2S9 

William C, 50 

Woodrow, 326 

Mr., 289 
Wilsonvllle, Pa., 150 
Winams. family. 84 
Winchell. family, 110 
Winchester, family. 110 
Winder, family. 110 
Winds. Gen. William. 32, 33, 34, 
35. 144, 186. 192, 242, 271, 275. 
306. 310, 311. 312 
Windsor. Vt.. 162 
Winfleld, family. 110 

Charles H.. 88 
Wintermoot, Peter. 150 
Wintermute. family. 110 
Winthrop, family, 110 
Wisconsin. ICO 
Wisner. family. 110 
Wissahiskonk River. 10 
Witherspoon, Dr. John, 187, 270, 

Witches in N. J. and elsewhere. 

Wolfe. Daniel R.. 57 
Wolcott. family. 110 
Woman's Branch, N. J. Hist. Soc, 

midwinter meeting, '226 
Wood, family, 110 

Isaac. 260 

James. 285. 286 
Woodbridere. 30. 33. 131, 194, 238. 
1 248. 273, 307. 309. 328 

records. 120 

J. E.. 95 

Woodhurv River. 10 

Woodhull. family. 103 

Wood in. M. C., 89 

Woodruff, family, no 

A at 00 D., 5 'J 

f. }•:.. 91 

John. 17"» 
Maria, 59 

Samuel. 171 

Susan vergereau, 59 

Virginia, 228 
Woodruff's Landing. 211 
Woods. John. 211 
Woodstock. Conn., 73 
Woods town, 122 

Woodward, family, 103 

T. R.. 94 
Woolsey. George M.. 315 
Wooton, Ellen, 289 

John. 295 

Mrs. Philip. 289, 294 
Worcester. 231 
Wortendyke, Mr., 287 
Worthen, Ezekiel, 142 

Hannah, 142 

Joseph. 139 

Samuel C, article by, 139 
Wradley, William. 311 
Wright, family, 109 
Wurts, Ann B.. 233 

George, obituary, 233 

George H.. 235 

John Jacob. 233 

William L. R., 234 
Wyckoff. 325 

family, 110 

tombstones. 117 

Alice P., 75 

Anna C. B., 89 

W. F., 95 
Wynkoop, family, 110 

Richard. 105 

Yale University. 45, 196 
Yard. William. 52 
Yeomans. family. 84 
York, Duke of. 5 
Yorktown Battle. 311 
Young. Captain. 35. 309 

Henry, 60, 61, 80 

Peter, 26. 144 

Robert. 34. 306. 309, 312 

Roger, 79 

Zabriskie, tombstones, 117 

Matilda. 229 
Zelley. Alice, 226 




' .-.